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Mahikeng, still known as Mafikeng and Mafeking, is the capital city of the North-West Province of South Africa. Located close to South Africa's border with Botswana, Mahikeng is 1,400 km northeast of Cape Town and 260 km west of Johannesburg. In 2001, it had a population of 49,300. In 2007, Mahikeng was reported to have a population of 250,000 of which the CBD constitutes between 69,000 and 75,000, it is built on the open veld by the banks of the Upper Molopo River. The Madibi goldfields are some 15 km south of the town. Mahikeng is the headquarters of the Barolong Boo Ratshidi people; the town was founded by Molema Tawana. Born in Khunwana during the difaqane period, Molema was the son of Kgosi Tawana of the Tshidi Barolong. Molema's brother and close confidant, Montshiwa became chief. During the period that the Tshidi Barolong resided at Thaba Nchu, where they found refuge during the difaqane, Molema was converted to Christianity by the Wesleyan missionaries based there. Molema's son and heir, Silas Molema, was educated at Healdtown College.

In 1857 Molema led an advance guard to scout out the area along the Molopo River. This was a familiar area as they had lived in nearby Khunwana. Molema settled at Mahikeng, but Montshiwa did not feel safe at Mahikeng due to the close presence and encroachment of the Boers in the Transvaal. He led his followers to Moshaneng in the territory of the Bangwaketse in present-day Botswana. Molema remained at Mahikeng to ensure. Several of Montshiwa's other brothers were stationed at crucial sites in the proximity of the Molopo. Molema had to use all his diplomatic skills on several occasions to prevent Boer incursion and settlement near Mafikeng, he has been described as a man of "strong personality and exceptional gifts...and Montshiwa's chief counsellor in vital matters". After negotiations with Molema, Montshiwa decided to return to Mafikeng in 1876. Molema was a firm believer in Western education. Molema became a businessman, as well as advising his brother Montshiwa, he died in 1882. One of his sons, Silas Molema, became a Doctor and historian of the Barolong..

The settlement was named Mahikeng, a Setswana name meaning "place of stones". British settlers spelled the name as "Mafeking"; the Jameson Raid started from Pitsani Pothlugo 24 miles north of Mafeking on December 29, 1895. At the outbreak of the Second Boer War in 1899, the town was besieged; the Siege of Mafeking lasted 217 days from October 1899 to May 1900, turned Robert Baden-Powell into a national hero. In September 1904, Lord Roberts unveiled an obelisk at Mafeking bearing the names of those who fell in defence of the town. In all, 212 people were killed with more than 600 wounded. Boer losses were higher. Although it was outside the protectorate's borders, Mafeking served as capital of the Bechuanaland Protectorate from 1894 until 1965, when Gaborone was made the capital of what was to become Botswana. Mafeking briefly served as capital of the Bantustan of Bophuthatswana in the 1970s, before the adjoining town of Mmabatho was established as capital when Bophuthatswana became nominally independent in 1977.

Following a local referendum, Mafeking was renamed Mafikeng. The town was treated as a suburb of Mmabatho. Following the end of apartheid in 1994, Bophuthatswana was formally reincorporated into South Africa. With that, the merged Mafikeng and Mmabatho became capital of the new North-West Province under the name Mafikeng. In February 2010, Lulu Xingwana, the Minister of Arts and Culture changed the town's name to Mahikeng. North-West University Mafikeng railway station Mmabatho Stadium Mafikeng Airport Mafikeng Game Reserve Botsalano Game Reserve Molemane Eye Nature Reserve Ntando Qelo Mmabatho Convention Centre Lotlamoreng Dam Mafikeng Museum Cookes Lake Resort Scout Centre,Cookes Lake Resort Mmabatho Palms Hotel and Convention Resort The name Mahikeng means "the place of rocks" in the classic Setswana language of the people of the North West province of South Africa and the surrounding country of Botswana. However, the city is pronounced as Mafikeng, in the vernacular of the Batswana people of Mmabatho.

It was known as Mafeking, is still referred to as such historiographically in the context of the Siege of Mafeking and Relief of Mafeking during the Boer War. In February 2010, Lulu Xingwana, the Minister of Arts and Culture, approved the town's name to be changed again to Mahikeng. Despite this the town's ANC-run local government and most local residents still refer to the town as Mafikeng both informally and formally. Mogoeng Mogoeng: Chief Justice of South Africa Rapulana Seiphemo: popular actor Presley Chweneyagae: Actor and Oscar Award-winner Vuyo Dabula: popular actor Katlego Danke: popular actress Bonang Matheba: media personality and businesswoman Cassper Nyovest: South African recording artist and producer. Tuks Senganga: popular Motswako musician Hip Hop Pantsula aka HHP: popular artist Khuli Chana: popular artist Stoan Seate: media personality and musician DJ Fistaz Brown Matsime: former Selimathunzi presenter Judge Yvonne Mokgoro: Former justice at the Constitutional Court of South Africa.

Cebo Manyaapelo: Motsweding FM presenter and sports commenta

The Woman on Platform 8

The Woman on Platform 8 by Ruskin Bond is a story about love and affection that transcends all barriers of kinship. It is narrated in the first person by a schoolboy named Arun. All the events are seen from his point of view; the story revolves around Arun's encounter with a stranger - a mysterious woman. The woman in a white sari treats him like a son, she snacks. She helps, her dignity and humanity come in sharp contrast with the arrogance of Satish's mother. Arun's calling her'mother' at the time of parting is a sweet gesture of recognition of a loving relationship; as a matter of fact, there is no Platform 8 on the Ambala station. ARUN, is a 12-year-old boy. After leaving his parents, he arrives Ambala at about twelve noon, he sits on the platform no.8 at Ambala station. His train is to leave hours at midnight. So he continues to watch the changing scene around. Soon he loses interest in his surroundings, he feels bored. Arun hears a soft voice from behind, it is a woman in white saree. She has dark kind eyes.

She wears no jewels. After a brief introduction, she invites Arun for some refreshment at the station dining room, she leads him away. Arun does not refuse the invitation; the woman seems to take a pleasure in watching him eat. While eating he opens up and tells her about his school, his friends, his likes and dislikes; the woman speaks little and listens to him intently. Arun's school fellow Satish, along with his mother, appears on the platform. Satish's mother asks Arun. Before Arun utters a word, the woman says that she is his mother. Satish's mother, says, she behaves that one should be careful of strangers. The woman does not feel embarrassed. Satish's mother looks sternly at Arun and advises him to be careful in absence of his mother, never talk to strangers. Arun irritates her by contradicting her,I like strangers. Satish seems to agree with Arun. After some time, the train steams in. Satish and Arun board it. Satish's mother and the stranger stand on the platform talking to the boys; the train starts, Satish says, Good-bye, mother.

They wave to each other. Not to be left behind, Arun utters the farewell words, Good-bye, mother, he continues to gaze at the woman until she disappears in the crowd

Suleiman Nyambui

Suleiman Nyambui is a former track athlete from Tanzania who specialized in various long-distance disciplines. Nyambui won the bronze medal at the 1978 All-Africa Games, the silver medal in 5000 metres at the 1980 Summer Olympics, finished first at three consecutive marathons between 1987 and 1988, he holds multiple indoor national records of Tanzania in athletics. Nyambui had dropped out of school after primary education, he became a fisherman in Ukerewe District in Mwanza Region, where his potential as a good athlete was spotted by the Region's Athletic Organization. The organization helped in his training and afforded him facilities and guidance in making him a national and international athlete, he had joined the Tanzania National Service before he went to train as a teacher. He taught school at Bukumbi before moving to the United States to study for his bachelor's and master's degrees at the University of Texas at El Paso, he took a contract to train Bahraini athletes along with Canadian coaches Craig Taylor and Greg Peters from 1996-1998.

After that he moved back to Tanzania. He attended UTEP from 1978 to 1982, where, as an older athlete, he won four straight NCAA titles in the 10,000 meters — one of only five Division I men to accomplish such a feat, he won three straight NCAA titles in the 5,000 meters while at UTEP and was the 1980 NCAA Cross Country champion. In a memorable Millrose Games race in New York in February 1981, Nyambui broke the world indoor 5,000 meter record with a 13:20.4, just ahead of Alberto Salazar who broke the American indoor 5,000 meter record. Nyambui would go on to represent Tanzania in the men's 5000 metre race at the 1980 Summer Olympics, where he finished second behind only Miruts Yifter. After running shorter-distance races, Nyambui would go on to run several marathons, winning the Berlin Marathon on two occasions and the Stockholm Marathon in 1988. Sports-reference

Mobile security

Mobile security, or more mobile device security, has become important in mobile computing. Of particular concern is the security of personal and business information now stored on smartphones. More and more users and businesses use smartphones to communicate, but to plan and organize their users' work and private life. Within companies, these technologies are causing profound changes in the organization of information systems and therefore they have become the source of new risks. Indeed, smartphones collect and compile an increasing amount of sensitive information to which access must be controlled to protect the privacy of the user and the intellectual property of the company. All smartphones, as computers, are preferred targets of attacks; these attacks exploit weaknesses inherent in smartphones that can come from the communication mode—like Short Message Service, Multimedia Messaging Service, WiFi, Bluetooth and GSM, the de facto global standard for mobile communications. There are exploits that target software vulnerabilities in the browser or operating system.

And some malicious software relies on the weak knowledge of an average user. Security countermeasures are being developed and applied to smartphones, from security in different layers of software to the dissemination of information to end users. There are good practices to be observed at all levels, from design to use, through the development of operating systems, software layers, downloadable apps. A smartphone user is exposed to various threats. In just the last two-quarters of 2012, the number of unique mobile threats grew by 261%, according to ABI Research; these threats can disrupt the operation of the smartphone, transmit or modify user data. So applications must guarantee integrity of the information they handle. In addition, since some apps could themselves be malware, their functionality and activities should be limited. There are three prime targets for attackers: Data: smartphones are devices for data management, may contain sensitive data like credit card numbers, authentication information, private information, activity logs.

For example, every mobile device can transmit information related to the owner of the mobile phone contract, an attacker may want to steal the identity of the owner of a smartphone to commit other offenses. There are a number of threats to mobile devices, including annoyance, stealing money, invading privacy and malicious tools. Botnets: attackers infect multiple machines with malware that victims acquire via e-mail attachments or from compromised applications or websites; the malware gives hackers remote control of "zombie" devices, which can be instructed to perform harmful acts. Malicious applications: hackers upload malicious programs or games to third-party smartphone application marketplaces; the programs steal personal information and open backdoor communication channels to install additional applications and cause other problems. Malicious links on social networks: an effective way to spread malware where hackers can place Trojans and backdoors. Spyware: hackers use this to hijack phones, allowing them to hear calls, see text messages and e-mails as well as track someone's location through GPS updates.

The source of these attacks are the same actors found in the non-mobile computing space: Professionals, whether commercial or military, who focus on the three targets mentioned above. They steal sensitive data from the general public, as well as undertake industrial espionage, they will use the identity of those attacked to achieve other attacks. The thieves will attack many people to increase their potential income, their goal is to develop viruses, cause damage to the device. In some cases, hackers have an interest in stealing data on devices. Grey hat hackers who reveal vulnerabilities, their goal is to expose vulnerabilities of the device. Grey hat hackers do not intend on stealing data; when a smartphone is infected by an attacker, the attacker can attempt several things: The attacker can manipulate the smartphone as a zombie machine, to say, a machine with which the attacker can communicate and send commands which will be used to send unsolicited messages via sms or email. For example, one can use the API PhoneMakeCall by Microsoft, which collects telephone numbers from any source such as yellow pages, call them.

But the attacker can use this method to call paid services, resulting in a charge to the owner of the smartphone. It is very dangerous because the smartphone could call emergency services and thus disrupt those services; this can cause user privacy and industrial security problems. This raises security concerns in countries where smar

In Miracle Land

In Miracle Land is the seventh studio album by Australian alternative rock band The Vines. It was released on 29 June 2018 and marks the band's second release under their own label Wicked Nature Music. On 25 March 2016, the band posted a picture of Craig Nicholls in the studio playing guitar with the caption "Album #7 coming soon..." on their Facebook page. On 1 April 2016, the first single "In Miracle Land" was released. In October 2016, the band played three shows in Australia for the'In Miracle Land' Tour. During the tour, the band debuted new songs "Hate the Sound", "I Wanna Go Down", "Broken Heart", "Sky Gazer" and "Gone Wonder". On 31 May 2018, it was announced via Facebook that the album In Miracle Land would be released 29 June 2018 and feature the same line-up as Wicked Nature. Craig Nicholls – vocals, guitar Tim John – bass Lachlan West – drums

All Directions

All Directions is a 1972 album by The Temptations for the Gordy label, produced by Norman Whitfield. The LP features the #1 hit "Papa Was a Rollin' Stone", a twelve-minute cover of a Whitfield-produced Undisputed Truth single. "Papa" won three Grammy Awards in 1973: Best R&B Performance by a Group for the Temptations, Best R&B Instrumental Performance for Whitfield and arranger/conductor Paul Riser's instrumental version of "Papa" on the single's b-side, Best R&B Song for Whitfield and lyricist Barrett Strong. All Directions was Strong's final LP as the Temptations' lyricist. Strong left Motown to restart his career as a recording artist. According to group leader Otis Williams, the Temptations fought "tooth and nail" not to record "Papa Was a Rollin' Stone" or "Run Charlie Run", a conscious Black power track that called for them to call out, in an affected Caucasian accent, "the niggers are comin'!" According to legend, lead singer Dennis Edwards didn't want to sing "Papa's" opening lines, because his own father had died on the third of September, but in actuality, Edwards' father had died on the third of October.

In addition, his father was a minister, "a good, religious man", not a "rolling stone". The group was certain that "Papa" and All Directions would flop, that they would be back to singing ballads like "My Girl" and "Ain't Too Proud to Beg" again. Although the first single, "Mother Nature", charted at number 92 on the Billboard Pop Singles Chart, "Papa" was a number one hit and is today one of the Temptations' signature songs. Included on All Directions are the Edwin Starr cover "Funky Music Sho"Nuff Turns Me On", the Marvin Gaye & Tammi Terrell cover "Love Woke Me Up This Morning", "I Ain't Got Nothin'", a rare lead showcase for Otis Williams; the album was included in the book. Dennis Edwards – vocals Damon Harris – vocals Richard Street – vocals Melvin Franklin – vocals Otis Williams – vocals The Andantes – additional background vocals on "Love Woke Me Up This Morning" Norman Whitfield – producer The Funk Brothers – instrumentation Billy Cooper, Joe Messina, Melvin Ragin, Robert Ward, Paul Warren, Robert White, Eddie Willis – guitars Richard "Pistol" Allen, Uriel Jones, Aaron Smith, Andrew Smithdrums Earl Van Dykepiano Johnny Griffithorgan Bob Babbitt, James Jamerson, Leroy Taylor – bass Jack Ashfordtambourine, sticks, etc.

Jack Brokenshatympani, bells, gourd Eddie "Bongo" Brown – bongo, conga Maurice Davistrumpet List of number-one R&B albums of 1972