Maia, in ancient Greek religion, is one of the Pleiades and the mother of Hermes. Maia is the daughter of Atlas and Pleione the Oceanid, is the oldest of the seven Pleiades, they were born on Mount Cyllene in Arcadia, are sometimes called mountain nymphs, oreads. Because they were daughters of Atlas, they were called the Atlantides. According to the Homeric Hymn to Hermes, Zeus in the dead of night secretly begot Hermes upon Maia, who avoided the company of the gods, in a cave of Cyllene. After giving birth to the baby, Maia went to sleep; the maturing infant Hermes crawled away to Thessaly, where by nightfall of his first day he stole some of his half-brother Apollo's cattle and invented the lyre from a tortoise shell. Maia refused to believe Apollo when he claimed that Hermes was the thief, Zeus sided with Apollo. Apollo exchanged the cattle for the lyre, which became one of his identifying attributes. Maia raised the infant Arcas, the child of Callisto with Zeus. Wronged by the love affair, Zeus' wife Hera in a jealous rage had transformed Callisto into a bear.
Arcas is the eponym of Arcadia. The story of Callisto and Arcas, like that of the Pleiades, is an aition for a stellar formation, the constellations Ursa Major and Ursa Minor, the Great and Little Bear, her name is related to μαῖα, an honorific term for older women related to μήτηρ'mother'. Maia means "midwife" in Greek. In ancient Roman religion and myth, Maia embodied the concept of growth, as her name was thought to be related to the comparative adjective maius, maior "larger, greater", she may have been a homonym independent of the Greek Maia, whose myths she absorbed through the Hellenization of Latin literature and culture. In an archaic Roman prayer, Maia appears as an attribute of Vulcan, in an invocational list of male deities paired with female abstractions representing some aspect of their functionality, she was explicitly identified with the Good Goddess in at least one tradition. Her identity became theologically intertwined with the goddesses Fauna, Juno and the Magna Mater, as discussed at some length by the late antiquarian writer Macrobius.
This treatment was influenced by the 1st-century BC scholar Varro, who tended to resolve a great number of goddesses into one original "Terra". The association with Juno, whose Etruscan counterpart was Uni, is suggested again by the inscription Uni Mae on the Piacenza Liver; the month of May was named for Maia, though ancient etymologists connected it to the maiores "ancestors", again from the adjective maius, meaning those who are "greater" in terms of generational precedence. On the first day of May, the Lares Praestites were honored as protectors of the city, the flamen of Vulcan sacrificed a pregnant sow to Maia, a customary offering to an earth goddess that reiterates the link between Vulcan and Maia in the archaic prayer formula. In Roman myth, the son of Maia, was the father of the twin Lares, a genealogy that sheds light on the collocation of ceremonies on the Kalends of May. On May 15, the Ides, Mercury was honored as a patron of merchants and increaser of profit, another possible connection with Maia his mother as a goddess who promoted growth.
66 Maja, asteroid Bona Dea Maia Maiasaura Rosmerta Grimal, The Dictionary of Classical Mythology, Wiley-Blackwell, 1996, ISBN 978-0-631-20102-1. "Maia" p. 270 Harry Thurston Peck, Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, 1898 Smith, William. "Maia" Encyclopædia Britannica, 1911. Theoi Project – Nymphe Maia
Maia, designated 20 Tauri, is a star in the constellation of Taurus. It is the fourth-brightest star in the Pleiades open star cluster, after Alcyone and Electra, in that order. Maia is a blue giant of spectral type B8 III, a mercury-manganese star. Maia's visual magnitude is 3.871. Its total bolometric luminosity is 660 times solar in the ultraviolet, thus suggesting a radius, 5.5 times that of the Sun and a mass, more than 4 times solar. It was thought to be a variable star by astronomer Otto Struve. A class of stars known as Maia variables was proposed, which included Gamma Ursae Minoris, but Maia and some others in the class have since been found to be stable. Maia is surrounded by the Maia Nebula, one of the brightest patches of nebulosity within the Pleiades star cluster. 20 Tauri is the star's Flamsteed designation. The name Maia originates with the Greek: Latin: Maia, she is one of the seven daughters of Atlas and Pleione in Greek mythology—stars which are included in the Pleiades star cluster.
In 2016, the International Astronomical Union organized a Working Group on Star Names to catalog and standardize proper names for stars. The WGSN's first bulletin of July 2016 included a table of the first two batches of names approved by the WGSN, it is now so entered in the IAU Catalog of Star Names. Maia was the oldest of seven beautiful sisters known as the Pleiades, she was impregnated by Zeus, thereby conceiving the messenger god. As Maia and the Pleiades are visible in the winter night sky along with the constellation Orion, the Greek myths tell of Maia and her sisters being pursued by the giant huntsman, turned into doves to preserve their safety. Maia in fiction Jim Kaler's Stars, University of Illinois:Maia High-resolution LRGB image based on 4 hrs total exposure: NGC 1432 - Maia Nebula APOD Pictures: 1) Orion, the giant huntsman, in pursuit of the Pleiades 2) Young Moon and Sister Stars 3) Pleiades and Stardust
Maia is a fantasy novel by Richard Adams, published in 1984. It is set in the Beklan Empire, the fictional world of Adams's 1974 novel Shardik, to which it stands as a loose prequel, taking place a few years earlier. Maia, at 15, lives in the Beklan Empire's province of Tonilda with her mother Morca, her three younger sisters, her stepfather, Tharrin, their small, poor farm is on the edge of Lake Serrelind, Maia tends to shirk her chores by swimming in the lake all day. Although Morca is pregnant with Tharrin's child, he secretly seduces Maia; when Morca discovers the affair, she is doubly embittered and sells Maia to agents of the slave-dealer Lalloc. Maia is raped by Genshed, one of Lalloc's employees but is saved by Occula, a black slave girl. Maia and Occula become good friends and lovers. To avoid debasement by being bundled in with a detachment of more ordinary slaves, Occula enlists Maia in frightening their captors with apparent supernatural powers; the two girls are sent to the city of Bekla.
Occula relates her own past: her father, a jewel-merchant, brought her across the desert to Bekla. They were received by Fornis, a noblewoman whom a coup would shortly elevate to the priestess-like status of "Sacred Queen". Fornis had his emeralds incorporated into the Sacred Queen's crown. Occula was to be killed as well, but the household steward saw a chance to profit by selling the girl as a slave. Adams outlines Bekla's political situation in several chapters; the "Leopard" faction led by the High Baron Durakkon, the Lord General Kembri, the High Counsellor Sencho came to power by ceding Suba, a western province, to the neighbouring kingdom of Terekenalt. They legalised slavery, the capital's finances are now based on taxation of it, including farms for breeding slaves as well as the enslavement of freeborn people such as Maia and Occula; the Beklan army's central authority has withdrawn from the provinces unless paid to come enforce the law. Pockets of rebellion have sprung up around the empire.
High Counsellor Sencho is the spymaster of the Beklan Empire. He buys both Maia and Occula as "bed-slaves". Terebinthia, the woman in charge of Sencho's household and trains them. At intervals, a peddler named Zirek exchanges cryptic conversations with Occula. Beautiful and fun-loving, Maia shows promise of going far, finds some professional satisfaction in providing Sencho's decadent pleasures, she is surprised that she enjoys the spectacle when a fellow bed-slave, the tempestuous Meris, is whipped and sold for dereliction of duty. Terebinthia rents out the girls to other powerful men. Using this means of contact, Lord General Kembri secretly enlists Maia and Occula as agents and charges Maia with gaining the trust of Bayub-Otal, the dispossessed heir to Suba and a potential ally of the rebels. Bayub-Otal is the son of a dancer nicknamed "Nokomis" and the baron of a neighbouring province, whose jealous wife arranged Nokomis' death when Bayub-Otal was a boy; when Sencho becomes drastically ill, he comes to depend solely on Occula's intense caretaking.
During a garden party, Occula lures Sencho out of sight of everyone else and signals her rebel confederates to stab Sencho to death. Maia and Occula are imprisoned in the Great Temple on suspicion of colluding in Sencho's murder. Queen Fornis takes Maia from the temple priests; as Maia fails to satisfy her sexual needs, Fornis gives her to Kembri. Kembri sends Maia to Bayub-Otal with a cover story of having escaped from the temple. Bayub-Otal takes her with him. Maia learns that one reason for his extraordinary standoffish respect for her is that she looks like his dead mother, still revered throughout the province. Bayub-Otal hopes to use the resemblance to rally Suban patriotism on behalf of an alliance with Terekenalt. At the rallying site, Maia falls passionately in love with the handsome young Zen-Kurel, an officer of Terekenalt. Zen-Kurel accepts her invitation to bed, but leaves because of a surprise attack scheduled for that night; the River Valderra, the boundary between the two countries, is thought to be uncrossably swift and rocky, but the Terekenalters plan to ford it with heavy ropes and strong men, thus surprising the detachment of Tonildan soldiers guarding the other side.
In hopes of saving her fellow Tonildans' lives as well as her lover's, Maia swims the river by herself. Despite serious wounds, she warns the Beklan commander and thwarts the Terekenalter and Suban invasion. Maia returns to Bekla and celebrated as the luck of the city, a great heroine whom the soldiers vote a house and property, she gains an informal title as the "Serrelinda" after Lake Serrelind. Hoping to reunite with Zen-Kurel, she takes no lovers, despite expectations that she will find a rich husband or become an expensive courtesan, her popularity and single status bring her under threat from Fornis, resisting pressure to retire as Sacred Queen. Maia sees her stepfather, dragged into Bekla as a rebel informant, he is condemned to be sacrificed by the Queen. Maia does her best to free him. However, during Tharrin's last conversation with Maia, he reveals to her that Morca had not been her real mother. A pregnant girl died there in childbirth. In grief
Maiasaura is a large herbivorous hadrosaurid dinosaur genus that lived in the area covered by the state of Montana in the Upper Cretaceous Period, about 76.7 million years ago. The first fossils of Maiasaura were discovered in 1978; the genus was named in 1979. The name refers to the find of nests with eggs and young animals, in a nesting colony; these showed that Maiasaura fed its young while they were in the nest, the first time such evidence was obtained for a dinosaur. Hundreds of bones of Maiasaura have been dug up. Maiasaura was about 9 metres long. Young animals walked on adults on all fours. Maiasaura was closely related to Brachylophosaurus. Maiasaura were large, they had a flat beak typical of hadrosaurids, thick noses. They had a spiky crest in front of the eyes; this crest may have been used in headbutting contests between males during the breeding season. Maiasaura were herbivorous, they were capable of walking both on four legs. Studies of the stress patterns of healed bones show that young juveniles under four years old walked bipedal, switching to a quadrupedal style of walking when they grew larger.
They appeared to have no defense against predators, except its heavy muscular tail and their herd behavior. Herds were large and could have comprised as many as 10,000 individuals. Maiasaura lived in an inland habitat. A skull of Maiasaura, specimen PU 22405, was discovered by Laurie Trexler in 1979 and described by dinosaur paleontologists Jack Horner and Robert Makela as the holotype of a new species, they named the type species Maiasaura peeblesorum. The generic name refers to the Greek goddess Maia, the "Good Mother"; the specific name honours the families of James Peebles, on whose land the finds were made. The generic name refers to Marion Brandvold's discovery in 1978 of a nest with remains of eggshells and babies too large to be hatchlings; these discoveries led to others, the area became known as "Egg Mountain", in rocks of the Two Medicine Formation near Choteau in western Montana. This was the first proof of giant dinosaurs feeding their young. Over 200 specimens, in all age ranges, have been found.
The announcement of the discovery of Maiasaura attracted renewed scientific interest to the Two Medicine Formation and many other new kinds of dinosaurs were discovered as a result of the increased attention. Choteau Maiasaura remains; the following cladogram of hadrosaurid relationships was published in 2013 by Alberto Prieto-Márquez et al.: Maiasaura lived in herds and it raised its young in nesting colonies. The nests in the colonies were packed together, like those of modern seabirds, with the gap between the nests being around 7 metres; the nests were contained 30 to 40 eggs laid in a circular or spiral pattern. The eggs were about the size of ostrich eggs; the eggs were incubated by the heat resulting from rotting vegetation placed into the nest by the parents, rather than a parent sitting on the nest. Upon hatching, fossils of baby Maiasaura show that their legs were not developed and thus they were incapable of walking. Fossils show that their teeth were worn, which means that the adults brought food to the nest.
The hatchlings grew from a size of 16 to 58 inches long in the span of their first year. At this point, or after another year, the animal left the nest; this high rate of growth may be evidence of warm bloodedness. The hatchlings had different facial proportions from the adults, with larger eyes and a shorter snout; these features are associated with cuteness, elicit care from parents in animals dependent on their parents for survival during the early stages of life. Studies led by Holly Woodward, Jack Horner, Freedman Fowler et al. have given insight into the life history of Maiasaura, resulting in what is the most detailed life history of any dinosaur known, to which all others can be compared. From a sample of fifty individual Maiasaura tibiae, it was found that Maiasaurs had a mortality rate of about 89.9% in their first year of life. If the animals survived their second year, their mortality rate would drop to 12.7%. The animals would spend their next six years growing. Sexual maturity was found to occur in their third year, while skeletal maturity was attained at eight years of age.
In their eighth year and beyond, the mortality rate for Maiasaura would spike back to around 44.4%. The studies that followed found that Maiasaurs were bipedal as juveniles, switched to a more quadrupedal stance as they aged, it was found that Maiasaura included rotting wood in its diet, as well that its environment had a long, dry season prone to drought. The results of the study were published in the journal Palaeobiology on September 3, 2015. Maiasaura is a characteristic fossil of the middle portion of the Two Medicine Formation, dated to about 76.4 million years ago. Maiasaura lived alongside the troodontid Troodon and the hypsilophodont Orodromeus, as well as the dromaeosaurid Bambiraptor and the tyrannosaur Daspletosaurus. Another species of hadrosaurids, referable to the genus Hypacrosaurus, coexist
Maia (video game)
Maia is a sci-fi strategy simulation video game developed by Simon Roth. The game has been described as "Dungeon Keeper meets Dwarf Fortress on a primordial alien world". Roth cites Theme Hospital, The Sims, Black & White and Space Station 13 amongst its influences. Players take control over the first human colony on the fictional planet of Maia in the Tau Ceti system. Players will have to excavate an underground colony to escape the hostile surface of the world, they need to control a number of characters and robots to mine minerals for construction, build rooms to house and entertain colonists, construct intricate defences to protect them from dangerous wildlife. The player's colony will face dangers including earthquakes, solar flares, meteor strikes, hostile indigenous wildlife; the game was crowdfunded, raising £140,480 via Kickstarter, another $11,435 via Indiegogo. Including funds raised via Steam's Early Access programme, Roth stated the project had "grossed over half a million dollars in backer funding" by December 2013.
An alpha version of the game was made available to people who have pre-ordered the game in August 2013. The game was added to Steam Early Access in December 2013. Full Release Date November 23, 2018. Official website
Mónica Andrea Vives Orozco, more known as Maía is a Colombian singer-songwriter. Mónica Vives Orozco is the only child of Mónica Orozco, she grew up in Prado Mar 15 km from Barranquilla, the capital of the Atlántico Department on Colombia's Caribbean coast. In 1998 at the age of 16, Maía won the Colombia Suena Bien contest organised by Sony Music. After finishing secondary education, Maía studied 5 semesters of mechanical engineering at La Universidad del Norte and a semester at the Northwestern University in Chicago before dedicating herself to her musical career. In 2003 at the age of 22, Maía released her first studio album El Baile de los Sueños, distributed throughout Latin America and the United States of America; the tracks Niña Bonita and Se Me Acabó El Amor were released as singles. Niña Bonita was used as the main theme for the Colombian telenovela La Costeña y El Cachaco In 2005 Maía released her second album Natural from which the track Ingenuidad was released as a single. In 2005 Maía won "Best Female Soloist" in the Premios Shock awards.
In January 2007, Colombian newspaper El Tiempo reported that Maía was dedicating herself to her third album, promised to be a change of musical direction including collaborations with foreign artists. In September 2010, Maia released a new hit single "Que Será de Mi" in anticipation of the release of the third album. In 2010, Maía joined forces with Avon as a celebrity judge for Avon Voices, Avon’s first global, online singing talent search for women and songwriting competition for men and women. On 26 April 2012, Colombian website vive.in reported that Maía had released her third album Instinto. The first single released from the album is "No Quererte" Maía continues to perform her material in Colombia and other countries. In addition to Spanish, her native tongue, Maía is fluent in English and German. 2003: El Baile de los Sueños 2005: Natural 2012: Instinto Official website Performance 12 December 2008, Pereira and interview in English Music video for the single "No Quererte" from the album Instinto
Maia (Ribeira Grande)
Maia is a civil parish in the municipality of Ribeira Grande in the Portuguese archipelago of the Azores. The population in 2011 was 1,900, in an area of 21.97 km². Maia is the largest parish by area in Ribeira Grande; the first Azorean historians referred to this parish, owing to the settlement of Inês da Maia, a noblewoman that established a home here in the 15th century. The settlement of the community dates back to the early settlement of Ribeira Grande. By 1522, it had its third vicar. Maia became one of the northern coasts more growing places: one hundred years after its foundation it had become a civil parish, its fertile terrains, one of the more productive on the island of São Miguel, its port access, meant that small industry developed in this area. In particular, the tobacco and cement industries developed over the course of the next centuries. Maia was the location and headquarters for one of the first passenger transport companies on the island; the parochial church was dedicated to the Holy Spirit in 1812, constructed after a 16th-century chapel, expanded in 17th and 18th centuries.
The Solar do Lalém, constructed at the end of the 19th century, with 18th-century portal. In the area of Gorreana, thus named for the fact that the first resident was a man named Gorreana or gorro de Ana, who owned a tea plantation, a rare thing in Europe; this area is the location of the Chapel of Nossa Senhora do Resgate, from the 18th century, constructed with a decorative facade by the local farmers. In its interior, azulejos were assembled on the altar with a medallion and the patron saint in the same decoration. In the area of Lombinha da Maia, named for its location on a small hill/escarpment, a small chapel was constructed in 1896, to the invocation of Nossa Senhora das Dores, it was adapted, with a baptistery and sacristy to support the parishioners. On 27 October 1919, a commission was installed to establish a religious Brotherhood, dedicated to the Holy Spirit of Maia was convened. In 1943, the group erected a cornerstone for the local hospital, inaugurated on 24 September 1944. With the acquisition of the local pharmacy in 1946, the Santa Casa supported the population from Porto Formoso until Fenais da Ajuda.
The first male school was created in 1860, another schoolhouse dedicated to female students was established in 1877 resulting in the development of the first primary school in January 1890. These schools were installed in private residences, which were substituted by centenary schools, as part of centenary build programs at the turn of the century, opening on 1 December 1951. In 2000, Maia inaugurated a new EB2/3 secondary school to support the regional population. Maia is located along the northern coast of São Miguel, situated between the civil parishes of São Brás and Lomba da Maia in the municipality of Ribeira Grande, with the municipalities of Vila Franca do Campo and Povoação to the south; this southern border makes-up part of the Serra da Tronqueira, a rugged ridge that intersects the middle of the island. The parish is bisected by the Regional E. R. 1-1ª roadway running west to east, a secondary roadway running to the southern municipality. There are several smaller nuclei within the borders of Maia, these include the main village of Maia, Lombinha da Maia, Calços da Maia and Gorreana.
The main village extends along a former debris field, a fajã, that extended from the heights of the The parish is supported economically by agriculture and auxiliary industries/commerce related to the tea plantations and hospitality services. The parish social centre promotes many of the cultural initiatives, conferences and events in the parish. Religious events include the celebrations marking Senhor dos Passos, on the week Sunday of Lent, the festivals of the Holy Spirit, the festival of a "Blessed", on the second-to-last Sunday of July, the feast of Our Lady of the Rosary, on the first Sunday of October. There are 14 processions per year in the parish. Church of the Divine Holy Spirit, established from a 1522 chapel, it was elaborated by João Tavares, but only consecrated on 15 October 1812