Stephan Huber is a German sculptor and object artist. After his studies at the Academy of Fine Arts, Huber received a grant for the P. S.1 studio programme in New York. He has since exhibited internationally, including Documenta VIII in 1987 and the Venice Biennale in 1999 as well as numerous one person shows. Since 2004, he has been a professor at the Munich Academy of Fine Arts and a member of the Bavarian Academy of Fine Arts. Huber lives in eastern Allgäu. Stephan Huber's oeuvre is characterized by a narrative language which distills the conceptional and experiential world of the artist into striking images with immediate emotional impact. Huber makes himself the protagonist of his works, thematizing his homeland and childhood as well as giving artistic expression to what he sees and remembers, thus delineates the social and intellectual horizon within which he moves; the autobiographical references—for example, models of radiantly white mountains, upper middle-class interiors, his parental home—not only are to be understood as aesthetic psychograms of the artist, but combine with fictional elements and art-historical, political, or literary references so as to give rise to colored but universal, archetypal symbols of social or emotional states.
One fundamental aspect of Huber's oeuvre is a deliberate play with disturbing estrangement. "In the tradition of Munich Dadaism", his sculptures and installations work with a transposition of the customary context of objects as well as with unusual perspectives, altered sizes, logical paradoxes, unexpected occurrences. Reciprocally related individual works are joined into spatial passages which are meant to be explored in succession, for example in the exhibition "8,5 Zi.-Whg. F. Künstler, 49 J." at the Lenbachhaus Gallery in Munich. The sometimes overwhelming aesthetic through which Huber situates himself in the tradition of the Bavarian-Baroque world theater becomes broken and humanized through a humorous revelation of its mechanisms, an ironic distancing, or an unexpected turn of events. In addition to space-encompassing installations and works in public spaces, Huber's oeuvre includes graphic works, plays for puppet theater, performative projects. 1981 P. S.1 studio grant, New York 1984 Working Stipend of the Stiftung Kunstfonds, Bonn 1984 Förderpreis für Bildende Kunst der Stadt München 1985 Karl-Hofer-Preis, Berlin 1986 Bayerischer Kunstförderpreis and Kunstpreis Glockengasse, Cologne 1999 W.-Krafft-Preis, Stuttgart 2007 Rolandpreis für Kunst im öffentlichen Raum, Bremen 2008 Kunstpreis der Stadt München 2011 Design of the subway station Wien-Aspern in Vienna 2010 Drei Kasperlstücke für das Ruhrgebiet, puppet theater at public sites in the Ruhr region for the exhibition Emscherkunst.2010, Essen 2010 In und um und um herum, light-box installation, Universitätsklinikum Ulm 2010 Raining Hat, fountain sculpture, Landesgartenschau Rosenheim 2008–2010 Arbeiten im Reichtum 2, series of actions in public spaces, Bremen 2007 Cumulus:Cambodunum, fountain sculpture in front of Stadttheater Kempten 2006 Das große Leuchten, exterior installation in front of Künstlerhaus Hannover 2006 Großes Lob des binären Systems, Leibniz-Rechenzentrum, Garching bei München 2005 Katastrophen und Rettung, Versicherungskammer Bayern, Munich 2005 Library at Arp Museum Bahnhof Rolandseck, Remagen 2004 Stiftermosaik, Museum der bildenden Künste Leipzig 2002 Zwei Pferde für Münster, LVM Versicherungen, Münster 2002 Im Fluß, Allianz-Versicherung, Frankfurt am Main 1999 Frankfurter Treppe / XX.
Jahrhundert, Main Tower, Frankfurt am Main 1998 Grünes Dach, HUK-Coburg-Versicherung, Coburg 1998 Dächer, Hamburg-Mannheimer Versicherung, Hamburg 1997 Gran Paradiso, New Munich Trade Fair Center 1994 Hauptbahnhof Nord, installation in the subway station Hauptbahnhof Nord, Hamburg 1992 Die Alpen, Munich Airport 1989 Meinwärts, Wuppertal 1987 Rote Sonnen, four mosaics, Kokerei Zollverein, Essen 2011 Graz, Kunsthaus: Die Vermessung der Welt. Heterotopien und Wissensräume in der Kunst 2010 Ulm, Kunstverein: from the bergs 2 2010 Århus, ARoS: I LOVE YOU 2010 Potsdam, Villa Schöningen: 1989 2010 Essen, Emscherkunst.2010 2009 Bonn, Kunstmuseum: Reloaded 2009 Vienna, Kunsthalle: 1989. Ende der Geschichte oder Beginn der Zukunft 2009 Hamburg, Kunsthalle: MAN SON 1969. Vom Schrecken der Situation 2008 Saragossa, Expo 2008: El mundo del hielo 2006 Karlsruhe, ZKM: Lichtkunst aus Kunstlicht 2006 Vienna, Museum Moderner Kunst Stiftung Ludwig Wien: Why pictures now 2006 Bolzano, Messner Mountain Museum: In die Berge schreien 2006 Leipzig, Museum der bildenden Künste: Ballkünstler 2005 Munich, Kubus im Petuelpark: Kalte Kammer 2005 Metz, FRAC Lorraine: Quand les latitudes deviennent suisses 2005 Berlin, Palast der Republik: Fraktale 04 2003 Essen, Museum Folkwang: Klopfzeichen – Wahnzimmer 2003 Bremen, Städtische Galerie: NO CITY – NO ART 2003 Hanover, Kunstverein: Die Lust des Kartographen 2002 Munich, Lenbachhaus: 8,5 Zi.-Whg.
F. Künstler, 49 J. 2002 Heidelberg, Kunstverein: Der Berg 2002 Bolzano, Museion: Stanze II
Trianon (Frankfurt am Main)
Trianon is a 45-story, 186 m skyscraper in the Westend-Süd district of Frankfurt, completed in 1993. It is the headquarters for DekaBank. Atop the building is an inverted pyramid suspended from the three corners. In 2007, DekaBank sold the building to the Morgan Stanley European Office Fund. A 57% interest in the building was transferred to the real estate investment fund Morgan Stanley P2 Value. List of tallest buildings in Frankfurt List of tallest buildings in Germany List of tallest buildings in the European Union List of tallest buildings in Europe A View On Cities
The Hochstraße is a short street in the city centre of Frankfurt, located in the Opera Quarter in the western part of the district of Innenstadt, within the central business district known unofficially as the Bankenviertel. It runs from the Opera Square and the western ends of the Freßgass and Goethestraße high-end shopping streets to the Eschenheimer Tor, along the Wallanlagen park area to the north; the Hochstraße includes several listed buildings from the Gründerzeit era. It notably includes the Sofitel Frankfurt Opera five star plus luxury hotel and the Hilton Frankfurt City Centre hotel, both facing the Wallanlagen park from opposite ends; the street has a number of high-end shops, select residential buildings and office buildings for financial institutions. The Hochstraße has a few smaller adjacent streets, including the pedestrian streets Kleine Hochstraße and Kaiserhofstraße, which both lead to the Freßgass main street around hundred meters down the street, the Börsenstraße, which leads to the Frankfurt Stock Exchange 50 metres away from the Hochstraße.
The street is located in close proximity to numerous large financial institutions. The Hochstraße is traditionally considered one of the most fashionable streets in Frankfurt, the street has in recent years regained this position through major developments the construction of the praised Sofitel Frankfurt Opera hotel in a neo-historicist style as a dominant feature of the street
The Main is a river in Germany. With a length of 525 kilometres, it is the longest right tributary of the Rhine, it is the longest river lying in Germany. The largest cities along the Main are Würzburg; the mainspring of the Main River flows through the German states of Bavaria, Baden-Württemberg and Hesse. Its basin competes with the Danube for water; the Main begins near Kulmbach in Franconia at the joining of its two headstreams, the Red Main and the White Main. The Red Main originates in the Franconian Jura mountain range, 50 km in length, runs through Creussen and Bayreuth; the White Main originates in the mountains of the Fichtelgebirge. In its upper and middle section, the Main runs through the valleys of the German Highlands, its lower section crosses the Lower Main Lowlands to Wiesbaden. Major tributaries of the Main are the Regnitz, the Franconian Saale, the Tauber, the Nidda; the name "Main" derives from the Latin Moenus or Menus. It is not related to the name of the city Mainz; the Main is navigable for shipping from its mouth at the Rhine close to Mainz for 396 km to Bamberg.
Since 1992, the Main has been connected to the Danube via the Rhine-Main-Danube Canal and the regulated Altmühl river. The Main has been canalized with 34 large locks to allow CEMT class V vessels to navigate the total length of the river; the 16 locks in the adjacent Rhine-Main-Danube Canal and the Danube itself are of the same dimensions. There are 34 dams and locks along the 380 km navigable portion of the Main, from the confluence with the Regnitz near Bamberg, to the Rhine. No.: Number of the lock. Name: Name of the lock. Location: City or town where the lock is located. Year built: Year when the lock was put into operation. Main-km: Location on the Main, measured from the 0 km stone in Mainz-Kostheim; the reference point is the center of the lock group. Distance between locks: length in km of impoundment. Altitude: height in meters above mean sea level of the upper water at normal levels. Height: Height of the dam in meters. Lock length: Usable length of the lock chamber in meters. Lock width: Usable width of the lock chamber in meters.
Most of the dams along the Main have turbines for power generation. No.: Number of the dam. Name: Name of the dam. Height: Height of the dam in meters. Power: Maximum power generation capacity in megawatts. Turbines: Type and number of turbines. Operator: Operator of the hydroelectric plant. Tributaries from source to mouth: Around Frankfurt are several large inland ports; because the river is rather narrow on many of the upper reaches, navigation with larger vessels and push convoys requires great skill. The largest cities along the Main are Würzburg; the Main passes the following towns and cities: Burgkunstadt, Bad Staffelstein, Eltmann, Haßfurt, Volkach, Marktbreit, Karlstadt, Gemünden, Marktheidenfeld, Miltenberg, Erlenbach/Main, Seligenstadt, Hanau, Hattersheim, Flörsheim, Rüsselsheim. The river has gained enormous importance as a vital part of European "Corridor VII", the inland waterway link from the North Sea to the Black Sea. In a historical and political sense, the Main line is referred to as the northern border of Southern Germany, with its predominantly Catholic population.
The river marked the southern border of the North German Federation, established in 1867 under Prussian leadership as the predecessor of the German Empire. The river course corresponds with the Speyer line isogloss between Central and Upper German dialects, sometimes mocked as Weißwurstäquator; the Main-Radweg is a major German bicycle path running along the Main River. It is 600 kilometres long and was the first long-distance bicycle path to be awarded 5 stars by the General German Bicycle Club ADFC in 2008, it starts from either Creußen or Bischofsgrün and ends in Mainz. Roman camp at Marktbreit Haus der Bayerischen Geschichte, Main und Meer - Porträt eines Flusses. Exhibition Catalogue to the Bayerische Landesausstellung 2013. WBG. ISBN 978-3-534-00010-4. Main River Website on the River Main by the Tourist Board of Franconia. "Main". Collier's New Encyclopedia. 1921. "Main". The New Student's Reference Work. 1914. There is literature about Main in the Hessian Bibliography Water levels of Bavarian rivers Wasser- und Schifffahrtsdirektion Süd Main Cycleway Historical map of the Main confluence at Steinenhausen from BayernAtlas
A skyscraper is a continuously habitable high-rise building that has over 40 floors and is taller than 150 m. The term first referred to buildings with 10 to 20 floors in the 1880s; the definition shifted with advancing construction technology during the 20th century. Skyscrapers may host both. For buildings above a height of 300 m, the term "supertall" can be used, while skyscrapers reaching beyond 600 m are classified as "megatall". One common feature of skyscrapers is having a steel framework; these curtain walls either bear on the framework below or are suspended from the framework above, rather than resting on load-bearing walls of conventional construction. Some early skyscrapers have a steel frame that enables the construction of load-bearing walls taller than of those made of reinforced concrete. Modern skyscrapers' walls are not load-bearing, most skyscrapers are characterized by large surface areas of windows made possible by steel frames and curtain walls. However, skyscrapers can have curtain walls that mimic conventional walls with a small surface area of windows.
Modern skyscrapers have a tubular structure, are designed to act like a hollow cylinder to resist wind and other lateral loads. To appear more slender, allow less wind exposure, transmit more daylight to the ground, many skyscrapers have a design with setbacks, which are sometimes structurally required; the term "skyscraper" was first applied to buildings of steel framed construction of at least 10 stories in the late 19th century, a result of public amazement at the tall buildings being built in major American cities like Chicago, New York City, Detroit, St. Louis; the first steel-frame skyscraper was the Home Insurance Building in Chicago, Illinois in 1885. Some point to Philadelphia's 10-story Jayne Building as a proto-skyscraper, or to New York's seven-floor Equitable Life Building, built in 1870, for its innovative use of a kind of skeletal frame, but such designation depends on what factors are chosen; the scholars making the argument find it to be purely academic. The structural definition of the word skyscraper was refined by architectural historians, based on engineering developments of the 1880s that had enabled construction of tall multi-story buildings.
This definition was based on the steel skeleton—as opposed to constructions of load-bearing masonry, which passed their practical limit in 1891 with Chicago's Monadnock Building. What is the chief characteristic of the tall office building? It is lofty, it must be tall. The force and power of altitude must be in it, the glory and pride of exaltation must be in it, it must be every inch a proud and soaring thing, rising in sheer exaltation that from bottom to top it is a unit without a single dissenting line. — Louis Sullivan's The Tall Office Building Artistically Considered The Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat defines skyscrapers as those buildings which reach or exceed 150 m in height. Others in the United States and Europe draw the lower limit of a skyscraper at 150 m; the Emporis Standards Committee defines a high-rise building as "a multi-story structure between 35–100 meters tall, or a building of unknown height from 12–39 floors" and a skyscraper as "a multi-story building whose architectural height is at least 100 m or 330 ft."
Some structural engineers define a highrise as any vertical construction for which wind is a more significant load factor than earthquake or weight. Note that this criterion fits not only high-rises but some other tall structures, such as towers; the word skyscraper carries a connotation of pride and achievement. The skyscraper, in name and social function, is a modern expression of the age-old symbol of the world center or axis mundi: a pillar that connects earth to heaven and the four compass directions to one another; the tallest building in ancient times was the 146 m Great Pyramid of Giza in ancient Egypt, built in the 26th century BC. It was not surpassed in height for thousands of years, the 160 m Lincoln Cathedral having exceeded it in 1311–1549, before its central spire collapsed; the latter in turn was not surpassed until the 555-foot Washington Monument in 1884. However, being uninhabited, none of these structures comply with the modern definition of a skyscraper. High-rise apartments flourished in classical antiquity.
Ancient Roman insulae in imperial cities reached 10 and more stories. Beginning with Augustus, several emperors attempted to establish limits of 20–25 m for multi-story buildings, but met with only limited success. Lower floors were occupied by shops or wealthy families, the upper rented to the lower classes. Surviving Oxyrhynchus Papyri indicate that seven-story buildings existed in provincial towns such as in 3rd century AD Hermopolis in Roman Egypt; the skylines of many important medieval cities had large numbers of high-rise urban towers, built by the wealthy for defense and status. The residential Towers of 12th century Bologna numbered between 80 and 100 at a time, the tallest of, the 97.2 m high Asinelli Tower. A Florentine law of 1251 decreed that all urban buildings be reduced to less than 26 m. Medium-sized towns of the era are known to have proliferations of towers, such as the 72 up to 51 m height in San Gimignano; the medieval Egyptian city of Fustat housed many high-rise residential buildings, which Al-Muqaddasi in the 10th century described as resembling minarets.
Nasir Khusraw in the early 11th century described some of them rising up to 14 stories, with roof gardens on t
Börsenstraße is a short side street to the Freßgass and Biebergasse major high-end shopping streets in the city centre of Frankfurt, Germany, in the district of Innenstadt and within the central business district known unofficially as the Bankenviertel. It is named for the Frankfurt Stock Exchange, located here
Hesse or Hessia the State of Hesse, is a federal state of the Federal Republic of Germany, with just over six million inhabitants. The state capital is Wiesbaden; as a cultural region, Hesse includes the area known as Rhenish Hesse in the neighbouring state of Rhineland-Palatinate. The German name Hessen, like the name of other German regions is derived from the dative plural form of the name of the inhabitants or eponymous tribe, the Hessians, short for the older compound name Hessenland; the Old High German form of the name is recorded as Hessun, in Middle Latin as Hassia, Hassonia. The name of the Hessians continues the tribal name of the Chatti; the ancient name Chatti by the 7th century is recorded as Chassi, from the 8th century as Hassi or Hessi. An inhabitant of Hesse is called a "Hessian"; the American English term Hessian for 18th-century British auxiliary troops originates with Landgrave Frederick II of Hesse-Cassel hiring out regular army units to the government of Great Britain to fight in the American Revolutionary War.
The English form Hesse is in common use by the 18th century, first in the hyphenated names Hesse-Cassel and Hesse-Darmstadt, but the latinate form Hessia remains in common English usage well into the 19th century. The German term Hessen is used by the European Commission in English-language contexts because their policy is to leave regional names untranslated; the synthetic element hassium, number 108 on the periodic table, was named after the state of Hesse in 1997, following a proposal of 1992. The territory of Hesse was delineated only as Greater Hesse, under American occupation, it corresponds only loosely to the medieval Landgraviate of Hesse. In the 19th century, prior to the unification of Germany, the territory of what is now Hesse comprised the territories of Grand Duchy of Hesse, the Duchy of Nassau, the free city of Frankfurt and the Electorate of Hesse; the Central Hessian region was inhabited in the Upper Paleolithic. Finds of tools in southern Hesse in Rüsselsheim suggest the presence of Pleistocene hunters about 13,000 years ago.
A fossil hominid skull, found in northern Hesse, just outside the village of Rhünda, has been dated at 12,000 years ago. The Züschen tomb is a prehistoric burial monument, located between Lohne and Züschen, near Fritzlar, Germany. Classified as a gallery grave or a Hessian-Westphalian stone cist, it is one of the most important megalithic monuments in Central Europe. Dating to c. 3000 BC, it belongs to the Late Neolithic Wartberg culture. An early Celtic presence in what is now Hesse is indicated by a mid-5th-century BC La Tène-style burial uncovered at Glauberg; the region was settled by the Germanic Chatti tribe around the 1st century BC, the name Hesse is a continuation of that tribal name. The ancient Romans had a military camp in Dorlar, in Waldgirmes directly on the eastern outskirts of Wetzlar was a civil settlement under construction; the provincial government for the occupied territories of the right bank of Germania was planned at this location. The governor of Germania, at least temporarily had resided here.
The settlement appears to have been abandoned by the Romans after the devastating Battle of the Teutoburg Forest failed in the year AD 9. The Chatti were involved in the Revolt of the Batavi in AD 69. Hessia, from the early 7th century on, served as a buffer between areas dominated by the Saxons and the Franks, who brought the area to the south under their control in the early sixth century and occupied Thuringia in 531. Hessia occupies the northwestern part of the modern German state of Hesse, its geographic center is Fritzlar. To the west, it occupies the valleys of the Rivers Lahn, it measured 90 kilometers north-south, 80 north-west. The area around Fritzlar shows evidence of significant pagan belief from the 1st century on. Geismar was a particular focus of such activity. Excavations have produced bronze artifacts. A possible religious cult may have centered on a natural spring in Geismar, called Heilgenbron; the village of Maden, now a part of Gudensberg near Fritzlar and less than ten miles from Geismar, was an ancient religious center.
By the mid-7th century, the Franks had established themselves as overlords, suggested by archeological evidence of burials, they built fortifications in various places, including Christenberg. By 690, they took direct control over Hessia to counteract expansion by the Saxons, who built fortifications in Gaulskopf and Eresburg across the River Diemel, the northern boundary of Hessia; the Büraburg