R. E. M. was an American rock band from Athens, formed in 1980 by drummer Bill Berry, guitarist Peter Buck, bassist/backing vocalist Mike Mills, lead vocalist Michael Stipe. One of the first alternative rock bands, R. E. M. was noted for Buck's ringing, arpeggiated guitar style, Stipe's distinctive vocal quality and obscure lyrics, Mills' melodic basslines and backing vocals, Berry's tight, economical style of drumming. R. E. M. Released its first single—"Radio Free Europe"—in 1981 on the independent record label Hib-Tone; the single was followed by the Chronic Town EP in 1982, the band's first release on I. R. S. Records. In 1983, the group released its critically acclaimed debut album and built its reputation over the next few years through subsequent releases, constant touring, the support of college radio. Following years of underground success, R. E. M. Achieved a mainstream hit in 1987 with the single "The One I Love"; the group signed to Warner Bros. Records in 1988, began to espouse political and environmental concerns while playing large arenas worldwide.
By the early 1990s, when alternative rock began to experience broad mainstream success, R. E. M. was viewed by subsequent acts such as Pavement as a pioneer of the genre. The band released its two most commercially successful albums, Out of Time and Automatic for the People, which veered from the band's established sound and catapulted it to international fame. R. E. M.'s 1994 release, was a return to a more rock-oriented sound, but still continued its run of success. The band began its first tour in six years to support the album. In 1996, R. E. M. Re-signed with Warner Bros. for a reported US$80 million, at the time the most expensive recording contract in history. Its 1996 release, New Adventures in Hi-Fi, though critically acclaimed, fared worse commercially than its predecessors; the following year, Bill Berry left the band, while Stipe and Mills continued the group as a trio. Through some changes in musical style, the band continued its career into the next decade with mixed critical and commercial success, despite having sold more than 85 million albums worldwide and becoming one of the world's best-selling music artists of all time.
In 2007, the band was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, in their first year of eligibility. R. E. M. Disbanded amicably in September 2011, announcing the split on its website. In January 1980, Michael Stipe met Peter Buck in Wuxtry Records, the Athens record store where Buck worked; the pair discovered that they shared similar tastes in music in punk rock and protopunk artists like Patti Smith and the Velvet Underground. Stipe said, "It turns out that I was buying all the records, saving for himself." Through mutual friend Kathleen O'Brien and Buck met fellow University of Georgia students Mike Mills and Bill Berry, who had played music together since high school and lived together in Georgia. The quartet agreed to collaborate on several songs, their still-unnamed band spent a few months rehearsing in a deconsecrated Episcopal church in Athens, played its first show on April 5, 1980, supporting The Side Effects at O'Brien's birthday party held in the same church, performing a mix of originals and 1960s and 1970s covers.
After considering Twisted Kites, Cans of Piss, Negro Eyes, the band settled on "R. E. M.", which Stipe selected at random from a dictionary. The band members dropped out of school to focus on their developing group, they found a manager in Jefferson Holt, a record store clerk, so impressed by an R. E. M. performance in his hometown of Chapel Hill, North Carolina, that he moved to Athens. R. E. M.'s success was immediate in Athens and surrounding areas. Over the next year and a half, R. E. M. Toured throughout the Southern United States. Touring was arduous because a touring circuit for alternative rock bands did not exist; the group toured in an old blue van driven by Holt, lived on a food allowance of $2 each per day. During April 1981, R. E. M. recorded its first single, "Radio Free Europe", at producer Mitch Easter's Drive-In Studios in Winston-Salem, North Carolina. Distributing it as a four-track demo tape to clubs, record labels and magazines, the single was released in July 1981 on the local independent record label Hib-Tone with an initial pressing of 1,000 copies—600 of which were sent out as promotional copies.
The single sold out, another 6,000 copies were pressed due to popular demand, despite the original pressing leaving off the record label's contact details. Despite its limited pressing, the single garnered critical acclaim, was listed as one of the ten best singles of the year by The New York Times. R. E. M. recorded the Chronic Town EP with Mitch Easter in October 1981, planned to release it on a new indie label named Dasht Hopes. However, I. R. S. Records acquired a demo of the band's first recording session with Easter, circulating for months; the band turned down the advances of major label RCA Records in favor of I. R. S. with whom it signed a contract in May 1982. I. R. S. Released Chronic Town that August as its first American release. A positive review of the EP by NME praised the songs' auras of mystery, concluded, "R. E. M. Ring true, it's great to hear something as unforced and cunning as this."I. R. S. First paired R. E. M. with producer Stephen Hague to record its debut album. Hague's emphasis on technical perfection le
Remedy (Seether song)
"Remedy" is a song by South African rock band Seether. It is the second track on their album Karma and Effect, became their first single to hit the top spot on the Billboard Hot Mainstream Rock Tracks chart and regaining the spot for a total of eight weeks at number one; the music video, directed by Dean Karr, features the band playing on the deck of a ship that appears to have run aground with fans who were selected via a contest on the band's website to appear in the shallow water below. Interspersed are shots of singer Shaun Morgan dressed up as an evil carnival barker taking a group of people on "the world's most terrifying ride". At the end of the video the guys, who sat into a boat, swim from a tunnel transformed to skeletons, it served as the theme song for WWE's pay-per-view Summerslam 2005. It is a playable song in the video game Guitar Hero On Tour: Decades, it was released as a downloadable song in the Rock Band Network on March 18, 2010. The song appeared in the racing game Test Drive Unlimited.
Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics
Trapt is an American rock band that formed in Los Gatos, California, in 1995, best known for its chart-topping 2002 single "Headstrong". The group consists of lead vocalist Chris Taylor Brown, bassist Peter "Pete" Charell, guitarist Brendan Hengle and drummer Adam Prentice, they have released seven studio albums to date: Amalgamation, Someone in Control, Only Through the Pain, No Apologies, DNA. The members of Trapt met in middle school in the mid-'90s, were in an early NOFX cover band with Manny Terres and Aaron Azlant called the Swinging Udders. Shortly thereafter, the band reformed and developed an act with Chris Taylor Brown, Simon Ormandy, Peter "Pete" Charell, David Stege; the band's first few rehearsals were in Ormandy's guesthouse, which had a party-like atmosphere with its loft overlooking the living room. They began playing at local venues in 1997; the band received a positive buzz soon started to grow. In 1998, still before graduation, they were opening for up-and-coming fellow acts like Papa Roach.
They recorded and released their first CD, Amalgamation in 1999, which they sold at their live shows. Their second release, the Glimpse EP, came in 2000, another EP, 2001's self-titled Trapt, served as the band's demo. Between the strength of these releases and the successes in touring, they were able to garner major record label attention; the debut independent release by Trapt, released in June 1999 and sold only in the Los Gatos, California area. The album was a local success, selling over 900 copies by the end of 1999; this album sports a drastically different sound compared to releases, with vocalist Chris Taylor Brown rapping in every song, with releases not containing rapping at all. The Glimpse was an EP, released independently in 2000. In 2001, the band signed with Warner Bros. Records and started recording their debut album, with Robin Diaz replacing Stege on the drums. On November 5, 2002 the band released their self-titled album, which produced a total of three singles. In 2002 "Headstrong" was the first, it reached No. 1 on both the Modern Rock Tracks and Hot Mainstream Rock Tracks charts, as well as No. 16 on the Billboard Hot 100, marking their most successful single to date.
The second single from the album, "Still Frame" managed to achieve No. 1 spot on the US Mainstream Rock chart, No. 3 on the Modern Rock Tracks chart. The third single, "Echo" peaked at No. 10 on the Modern Rock Tracks chart. The Trapt album was certified platinum by the RIAA. Although not a single, the last song on the album, "New Beginning", was featured in the film Dragon Ball Z: The Return of Cooler. Before releasing their next full-length album, the band released a self-titled three-track EP, released March 30, 2004, that included live versions of the "Made of Glass" and "Echo" tracks from their debut album, as well as a unreleased non-LP track, "Promise", their second full-length album, titled Someone in Control, was released September 13, 2005. It produced three singles for the band: "Stand Up", "Waiting", "Disconnected". While these singles didn't do as well as those released from the first album, "Stand Up" still reached No. 3 on the US Mainstream Rock chart. In support of this album, Trapt toured with Thousand Foot Krutch, Chevelle, Three Days Grace and others.
Their live album titled Trapt Live!, was released on September 18, 2007. The album featured two new studio songs as well as live versions of nine songs from their earlier records. On March 7, 2008, it was announced, he was replaced by Robb Torres. Despite rumors indicating otherwise, Ormandy's departure was amicable, Chris Taylor Brown continues to speak of Ormandy to the media, while promoting Torres as the new guitarist. On March 8, 2008, Trapt released "Who's Going Home With You Tonight?" on the band's website, a song from their then-upcoming studio album entitled Only Through the Pain. The band posted four other songs from the upcoming album: "Black Rose," "Contagious," "Wasteland," and "Ready When You Are". On April 15, 2008, Trapt announced they would be touring as part of Mötley Crüe's Crüe Fest along with Buckcherry, Papa Roach and Sixx:A. M.. The tour began July 2008 in West Palm Beach, Florida. On June 10, 2008, Trapt released "Who's Going Home with You Tonight?" as a single. They recorded a music video for the song.
On July 1, 2008, "Who's Going Home with You Tonight?" was released as part of the weekly downloadable content for the Rock Band game series. Only Through the Pain was released on August 5, 2008. Trapt toured in support of the album by opening for Hinder on the Jägermeister Music Tour with Rev Theory. In March 2009, Trapt started the Contagious Tour featuring Red, Halestorm and Since October at several shows. "Contagious" was the album's second and last single, was available as a free playable track in the iPhone and iPod Touch game Tap Tap Revenge 2. In March 2010, Trapt said they were wrapping up the recording process of their new record with producer Johnny K. No Apologies was released on October 12, 2010; the first single, "Sound Off", was available on iTunes on July 20, 2010. Another song, "Stranger in the Mirror", was released for free from the band's Facebook page August 11, 2010. In September 2010, the songs "Drama Queen," "No Apologies," and "Storyteller" were made available on the band's website, along with the cover art for "No Apologies".
A digital-only download bonus track, "Head Up High," was released to those who pre-ordered t
Collective Soul is an American rock band from Stockbridge, Georgia. Now based in Atlanta, the group consists of lead vocalist Ed Roland, rhythm guitarist Dean Roland, bassist Will Turpin, drummer Johnny Rabb and lead guitarist Jesse Triplett. Before forming Collective Soul, singer Ed Roland studied music composition and guitar at the Berklee College of Music in Boston, Massachusetts. Since the mid-1980s, Roland was involved in Atlanta's underground music scene making demos and performing, he worked at Real 2 Reel Studios in Stockbridge, owned by bassist Will Turpin's father, Bill Turpin. Roland's duties were producing and engineering for local Atlanta artists, he recorded his demos and released an independent solo album Ed-E Roland in 1991. Roland recruited keyboard player and backing vocalist Christopher Dykes, drummer Tony Caporale, bassist Skip Godwin to play live in clubs and showcase for A/R personnel from various record companies. At this time the group was known as "Ed-E", they played several local shows, played a part in a CBS "Movie Of The Week", were guests on the local Atlanta television program "Music Peachtree Style" where local Atlanta-based artists were interviewed and profiled.
That initial version of the "Ed-E" band dissolved in the mid to late 1980s due to incompatible musical tastes among other differences. Roland subsequently formed Marching Two-Step which included original Collective Soul drummer Shane Evans, Michele Rhea Caplinger, Matt Serletic. Marching Two-Step were a local gigging band for a few years, but never managed to grow beyond the club scene. Roland's early attempts to be signed to a recording contract by a label faced rejections. Caplinger would become a music industry publicist and was appointed executive director of the Atlanta Chapter of the Recording Academy in 2000. Serletic would go on to become a Grammy Award-winning producer for Collective Soul, Matchbox Twenty, Blessid Union of Souls and Edwin McCain, landed executive positions with record companies. After the demise of Roland's previous music collaborations, he enlisted musicians to record a demo in a basement. Roland intended to sell the songs to a publishing company and had no immediate plans of forming a band out of it.
The demo was submitted to WRAS, 88.5's Amy Staehling, host of the long running and popular GEORGIA MUSIC SHOW at Georgia State University's 100,000 watt student radio station in Atlanta, the largest student run radio station in the country, where she added the song "Shine" to the local rotation. It was an instant listener favorite; the demo was passed along to WJRR in Orlando, Florida which began playing "Shine," soon to be its most requested song. Amidst the surprise popularity, Roland agreed to perform live shows, enlisting his brother Dean on rhythm guitar, drummer Shane Evans, bassist Will Turpin, lead guitarist Ross Childress, in what would be the first official lineup of Collective Soul. Atlantic Records subsequently signed them to a contract. Upon Collective Soul's signing, Atlantic wished to capitalize on the band's success and re-released the 1993 demo Hints Allegations and Things Left Unsaid as their first studio album. Although reluctant to have the unpolished demo represent their new lineup, Collective Soul gained international recognition and double-platinum status with their debut.
The band began work on what they would consider their true debut record and were invited to perform at Woodstock 1994. They toured extensively across North America; the group's self-titled second album issued the following year, was certified RIAA triple platinum, logged a 76-week run on the Billboard 200. Notable singles from Collective Soul included US Rock Chart No. 1 hits "December," "Where The River Flows," and "The World I Know," No. 2 hit "Gel," and the Top 10 hit "Smashing Young Man." Following a split with their manager, Collective Soul found their tour dates canceled and were called into the courtroom to face a legal battle that lasted into 1996 with said ex-manager Bill Richardson. While the legal battles continued, the band went to a cabin, in the middle of 40 acres of cow pasture in Stockbridge, began recording, they recorded into a computer their impromptu efforts of songs Roland penned, these became Disciplined Breakdown. The legal case was settled, both parties were instructed not to discuss the outcome.
Disciplined Breakdown, released in 1997, did not sell as well as their previous records despite debuting higher on the charts. The album achieved platinum certification, produced two more No. 1 singles on the US Billboard Mainstream Rock Tracks chart: "Precious Declaration" and "Listen", Top 20 Hit "Blame". The album peaked at No. 16 on the US Billboard 200 chart. The band's fourth album was 1999's platinum certified Dosage; the first single "Heavy" set a new high mark for 15 weeks at No. 1 on the Mainstream Rock chart. Singles such as "Run", "No More, No Less" and "Tremble For My Beloved" gained notable positions on the rock charts; the album was produced by Anthony J. Resta, known for his work with others; the band performed at the Woodstock 1999 festival, where they performed "Heavy", a cover of Ozzy Osbourne's song "Crazy Train", a cover of U2's song "I Will Follow". The group released their fifth studio album, Blender in October 2000, it did not sell as well as previous albums, although the first single "Why, Pt. 2" reached No. 2 on the mainstream rock chart.
They achieved additional hits with "Vent" and Pop Hit "Perfect Day" the latter being a duet between Roland and Elton John. The album became RIAA certified gold. Rolling Stone gave Blender a positive review; this was their second effort with Anthony J. Resta
Three Days Grace
Three Days Grace is a Canadian rock band formed in Norwood, Ontario in 1997. Based in Toronto, the band's original line-up consisted of guitarist and lead vocalist Adam Gontier and backing vocalist Neil Sanderson, bassist Brad Walst. In 2003, Barry Stock was recruited as the band's lead guitarist. In 2013, Gontier left the band and was replaced by My Darkest Days' vocalist Matt Walst, the younger brother of bassist Brad Walst. Signed to RCA Records, they have released six studio albums, each at three-year intervals: Three Days Grace in 2003, One-X in 2006, Life Starts Now in 2009, Transit of Venus in 2012, Human in 2015, Outsider in 2018; the first three albums have been RIAA certified 2x platinum, 3x platinum, platinum in the United States. In Canada, they have been certified by Music Canada as platinum, double platinum, platinum, respectively; the band has a record 14 No. 1 songs on the Billboard Hot Mainstream Rock Tracks chart, three No. 1 hits on Alternative Songs. The band has its origins in a five-piece band called "Groundswell", formed in Norwood, Ontario, in 1992.
Groundswell released Wave of Popular Feeling. The band's line-up consisted of lead vocalist Adam Gontier, drummer Neil Sanderson, bassist Brad Walst, lead guitarist Phil Crowe, rhythm guitarist Joe Grant. Most of the members were attending high school. By the end of 1995, the band had broken up. In 1997, Gontier and Walst regrouped as "Three Days Grace". According to Gontier, the name refers to a sense of urgency, with the question being whether someone could change something in their life if they had only three days to make a change. Once in Toronto, the band became acquainted with local producer Gavin Brown, they gave him several years' worth of material which they had created, he "...picked out what he called'the golden nuggets'", according to Gontier. Brown and the band polished the songs and created a demo album, which they gave to EMI Music Publishing Canada; the record label wanted to hear more material, with Brown producing, the band created the song, "I Hate Everything About You", which attracted the interest of several record labels.
TDG were soon signed to Jive Records after being sought out by the company's president. They moved to Long View Farm, a studio in North Brookfield, Massachusetts, to record their debut album; the self-titled album was finished in Woodstock, New York and released on July 22, 2003. Three Days Grace was met with mixed-to-favourable reviews. Dave Doray of IGN said of the album, "Mistakes? There's not many." AllMusic reviewer Heather Phares said that on Three Days Grace, "the band's focus and adherence to alt-metal's formulas – coupled with tight songwriting and some unexpectedly pretty choruses – results in a strong tracks that are more memorable than the work of many of their peers". She did criticize the album for its simplicity, concluding, "Three Days Grace are one of the most accessible alt-metal bands of the 2000s; the song received heavy airplay and became recognizable, was labelled as the band's "breakout hit". After Barry Stock joined as lead guitarist in late 2003, the band toured continuously and extensively for nearly two years in support of their major label debut.
The album peaked at No. 9 on the Canadian Albums Chart and No. 69 on the Billboard 200, was certified platinum in the U. S. by the RIAA in December 2004 and double platinum in Canada by the CRIA. The release of "I Hate Everything About You" was followed by two more single releases, "Just Like You" and "Home". About this time, Gontier developed an addiction to the prescription drug OxyContin. After finishing the tour for their first album, the band knew they could not continue with the condition he was in, so in 2005, with the support of his family and band members, Gontier checked himself into the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health in Toronto. While in treatment, Gontier began writing lyrics for songs regarding how he felt and what he was going through in rehabilitation. Gontier completed treatment at CAMH; the band found a place suitable for further songwriting in Northern Ontario, in a cottage where they experimented on, practiced new songs. After three months at the cottage, they had about finished.
Gontier contributed lyrics about his experiences in rehab. The second album contained at least four more such songs, including "Over and Over", "Gone Forever", the hit songs "Pain" and "Never Too Late". In a 2006 interview, Gontier said that the album's material was more personal to him than the band's previous work because the inspiration had come out of his experiences with despondence, drug abuse, rehab, which had constituted the past two years of his life. One-X marked Barry Stock's first effort with the band. Gontier performed live by himself at various rehabilitation centres as a "thank you" to the people who had helped him get through his addiction, as an inspiration to others who were dealing with addiction issues. In these performances, he would play songs such as "Pain", "Animal I Have Become", "Never Too Late", to encourage and motivate people under treatment to overcome their addiction. Most, if not all, of these solo acoustic performances, called the "Three Days to Change" tour, took place as Three Days Grac
Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers
Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers were an American rock band from Gainesville, Florida. Formed in 1976, the band comprised Tom Petty, Mike Campbell, Ron Blair, Stan Lynch, Benmont Tench. In 1981, weary of the touring lifestyle, departed the band, his replacement, Howie Epstein, stayed with the band for the next two decades. In 1991, Scott Thurston joined the band as a multi-instrumentalist—mostly on rhythm guitar and second keyboards. Blair returned to the Heartbreakers in 2002, the year before Epstein's death. In 1994, Steve Ferrone replaced Lynch on drums; the band is best known for the hit singles "American Girl", "Breakdown", "The Waiting", "Learning to Fly", "Refugee" and "Mary Jane's Last Dance". The band's music has been characterized as both Southern rock and heartland rock, cited alongside artists such as Bruce Springsteen, Bob Seger, John Mellencamp as progenitors of that genre that arose in the late 1970s and 1980s. While the heartland rock movement waned in the 1990s, the band remained active and popular, touring until Petty's death in 2017, after which the Heartbreakers disbanded.
Their final studio album, Hypnotic Eye, was released in 2014. The band was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in their first year of eligibility. Although most of their material was produced and performed under the name "The Heartbreakers", Petty released three solo albums, the most successful of, Full Moon Fever. In these releases, some members of the band contributed as collaborators and performing as studio musicians. Petty's early bands included the Sundowners, the Epics, Mudcrutch. In 1974, Mudcrutch re-located to Los Angeles, California, they released. In 1976, with himself as lead vocalist and guitarist, formed "Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers" with Mike Campbell, Ron Blair, Stan Lynch, Benmont Tench; the Heartbreakers began their recording career with a self-titled album, released through the Shelter label. The Heartbreakers did not gain much traction in the U. S. although they achieved success in the U. K. playing "Anything That's Roll" on Top of the Pops. Early singles included "Breakdown" and "American Girl".
Recalling the band's first gig in the UK in 1976, Petty states, "The audience just jumped up and charged the stage and were boogieing their brains out. It was such a rush. Wow, we had never seen anything like that, man." "Breakdown" was re-released in the U. S. and became a Top 40 hit in 1978, after word filtered back of the band's massive success in the UK, more after it featured on the popular soundtrack to the 1978 film, FM. "American Girl" was covered in 1977 by Roger McGuinn on his "Thunderbyrd" LP. Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers' second album, You're Gonna Get It!, was their first gold record, featured the singles "I Need to Know" and "Listen To Her Heart". In 1979, the band was dragged into a legal dispute when ABC Records, Shelter's distributor, was sold to MCA Records. Petty refused to be transferred to another record label and held fast to his principles, which led to his filing for bankruptcy as a tactic against MCA. In 1979, after their legal dispute was settled, the Heartbreakers released their third album Damn the Torpedoes through MCA's Backstreet label.
The album went platinum. It included "Don't Do Me Like That" and "Refugee", their U. S. breakthrough singles. Though he was extremely successful, Petty ran into record company trouble again when he and the Heartbreakers prepared to release Hard Promises, the follow-up album to Damn the Torpedoes. MCA wanted to release the record at the list price of $9.98, considered a high price for a record album at the time. This so-called "superstar pricing" was $1.00 more than the usual list price of $8.98. Petty voiced his objections to the price hike in the press, the issue became a popular cause among music fans. Non-delivery of the album or naming it Eight Ninety-Eight were considered, but MCA decided against the price increase; the album became a Top Ten hit, going platinum and spawning the hit single "The Waiting". The album included the duet "Insider", with Stevie Nicks. On their fifth album, Long After Dark, bass player Ron Blair was replaced by Howie Epstein, giving the Heartbreakers their line-up until 1991.
Long After Dark features the hits "You Got Lucky" and "Change of Heart", was to feature a track called "Keeping Me Alive", but producer Jimmy Iovine vetoed it from the album. Petty had expressed that he felt the album would have been more successful if "Keeping Me Alive" had been included. On the sixth album, Southern Accents, the Heartbreakers picked up; the recording was not without problems. The album included the psychedelic-sounding hit single "Don't Come Around Here No More", produced by and co-written with Dave Stewart; the video for the single, which starred Stewart, featured Petty dressed as the Mad Hatter and chasing Alice from the book Alice's Adventures in Wonderland cutting and eating her as if she were a cake. This caused minor controversy after it was criticized by feminist groups, but the video did win an MTV Video Music Award. A successful concert tour led to the live album Pack Up the Plantation: Live!. The
Eric Patrick Clapton, is an English rock and blues guitarist and songwriter. He is the only three-time inductee to the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame: once as a solo artist and separately as a member of the Yardbirds and of Cream. Clapton has been referred to as one of the most influential guitarists of all time. Clapton ranked second in Rolling Stone magazine's list of the "100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time" and fourth in Gibson's "Top 50 Guitarists of All Time", he was named number five in Time magazine's list of "The 10 Best Electric Guitar Players" in 2009. In the mid-1960s Clapton left the Yardbirds to play with the Bluesbreakers. After leaving Mayall, Clapton formed the power trio Cream with drummer Ginger Baker and bassist Jack Bruce, in which Clapton played sustained blues improvisations and "arty, blues-based psychedelic pop". After Cream broke up, he formed blues rock band Blind Faith with Baker, Steve Winwood, Ric Grech. Clapton's solo career began in the 1970s, where his work bore the influence of the mellow style of J. J. Cale and the reggae of Bob Marley.
His version of Marley's "I Shot the Sheriff" helped. Two of his most popular recordings were "Layla", recorded with the Dominos. Following the death of his son Conor in 1991, Clapton's grief was expressed in the song "Tears in Heaven", which appeared on his Unplugged album. Clapton has been the recipient of 18 Grammy Awards, the Brit Award for Outstanding Contribution to Music. In 2004 he was awarded a CBE at Buckingham Palace for services to music, he has received four Ivor Novello Awards from the British Academy of Songwriters and Authors, including the Lifetime Achievement Award. In his solo career, Clapton has sold more than 100 million records worldwide, making him one of the best-selling musicians of all time. In 1998, Clapton, a recovering alcoholic and drug addict, founded the Crossroads Centre on Antigua, a medical facility for recovering substance abusers. Clapton was born on 30 March 1945 in Ripley, England, to 16-year-old Patricia Molly Clapton and Edward Walter Fryer, a 25-year-old soldier from Montreal, Quebec.
Fryer shipped off to war prior to Clapton's birth and returned to Canada. Clapton grew up believing that his grandmother and her second husband, Jack Clapp, Patricia's stepfather, were his parents, that his mother was his older sister; the similarity in surnames gave rise to the erroneous belief. Years his mother married another Canadian soldier and moved to Germany, leaving young Eric with his grandparents in Surrey. Clapton received an acoustic Hoyer guitar, made in Germany, for his thirteenth birthday, but the inexpensive steel-stringed instrument was difficult to play and he lost interest. Two years Clapton picked it up again and started playing consistently. Clapton was influenced by the blues from an early age, practised long hours to learn the chords of blues music by playing along to the records, he preserved his practice sessions using his portable Grundig reel-to-reel tape recorder, listening to them over and over until he felt he'd got it right. In 1961, after leaving Hollyfield School in Surbiton, Clapton studied at the Kingston College of Art but was dismissed at the end of the academic year because his focus remained on music rather than art.
His guitar playing was so advanced. Around this time, Clapton began busking around Kingston and the West End. In 1962, Clapton started performing as a duo with fellow blues enthusiast David Brock in pubs around Surrey; when he was seventeen years old, Clapton joined his first band, an early British R&B group, the Roosters, whose other guitarist was Tom McGuinness. He stayed with this band from January until August 1963. In October of that year, Clapton did a seven-gig stint with the Engineers. In October 1963, Clapton joined the Yardbirds, a blues-influenced rock and roll band, stayed with them until March 1965. Synthesising influences from Chicago blues and leading blues guitarists such as Buddy Guy, Freddie King, B. B. King, Clapton forged a distinctive style and became one of the most talked-about guitarists in the British music scene; the band played Chess/Checker/Vee-Jay blues numbers and began to attract a large cult following when they took over the Rolling Stones' residency at the Crawdaddy Club in Richmond.
They toured England with American bluesman Sonny Boy Williamson II. Yardbirds' rhythm guitarist, Chris Dreja, recalled that whenever Clapton broke a guitar string during a concert, he would stay on stage and replace it; the English audiences would wait out the delay by doing what is called a "slow handclap". Clapton's nickname of "Slowhand" came from Giorgio Gomelsky, a pun on the slow handclapping that ensued when Clapton stopped playing while he replaced a string. In December 1964, Clapton made his first appearance at the Royal Albert Hall, with the Yardbirds. Since Clapton has performed at the Hall over 200 times, has stated that performing at the venue is like "playing in my front room". In March 1965, Clapton and the Yardbirds had their first major hit, "For Your Love", written by songwriter Graham Gouldman, who wrote hit songs for Herman's Hermits and the Hollies. In part because of its success, the Yardbirds elected to move toward a pop-oriented sound, much