click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Mallee Cliffs National Park

The Mallee Cliffs National Park is a protected national park, located in the Sunraysia region, in the south-west of New South Wales, Australia. The 57,969-hectare national park is situated 790 kilometres west of Sydney and 30 kilometres east of the Murray River city of Mildura, Victoria; the park was established in 1977, when the entire property was purchased by the Foundation for National Parks & Wildlife. The Mallee Cliffs National Park is managed to protect the sand plain and sand dune land systems and ecological communities known colloquially as Mallee Country. Emphasis is placed on its value as a wildlife conservation area and it was established to protect the habitat of the malleefowl; the park is closed to the public as part of an ongoing policy to protect malleefowl and other threatened animals, to assist in meeting other conservation objectives. Access is limited to educational activities by schools and colleges, research activities which are relevant to the management of the park and compatible with conservation policies.

The Mallee Cliffs National Park preserves the original clay red plains of south west New South Wales, protecting extensive areas of flat to undulating sandy red plains and linear sand dunes formed during arid periods from 350,000 to 500,000 years ago. The park preserves undisturbed tracts of mallee vegetation, rosewood-belah woodland. Mallee are small eucalyptus trees and shrubs with many small stems and thick underground roots that retain water. Before irrigation farming began, dense thickets of mallee characterized most of northwestern Victoria, areas of south-western New South Wales; the park contains an important representation of mallee communities, including both bull mallee and whipstick mallee. These flora types are continuing to be extensively cleared on private property for grazing both outside the park and throughout the country; the park contains a number of isolated, relict plant communities that demonstrate shifts in the pattern of vegetation arising from long-term environmental change.

In January 1975 a bushfire ravaged the region which became national park, making the average age of the vegetation younger than similar protected areas. This makes the park a less attractive option for release of certain animals such as the black-eared miner, which use older trees and mallee bushes as habitat; the park lies within the Southern NSW Mallee Important Bird Area, identified by BirdLife International as supporting a significant population of the vulnerable malleefowl. The park is the only reserve in New South Wales with malleefowl habitat; the malleefowl is found in arid areas. The males build a nest for the eggs by digging a large pit in winter and filling it with leaves and grass over the next four months; the female lays one egg per day for several days in the spring. The male covers the resulting mound with sand; as the compost heap rots it generates heat. The male keeps watch over the mound, tests the temperature of the mound with his tongue, adding or removing sand; when the chick hatches, it digs its way out, once they emerge at the top of the mound are renowned for standing stationary at the top for up to twenty minutes before racing/staggering off into the bush.

The chicks hatch with feathers and are independent, never needing any parental care. Malleefowl grow to a length of around 60 centimetres. Several species of small birds are found in the area, as well as emus. Mammals include a significant population of western grey kangaroos as well as pygmy possums and the little pied bat and greater long-eared bat which use older trees as nesting hollows; the mallee spinifex of the park is the main habitat for the western blue-tongue and southern spinifex slender blue-tongue lizards. Protected areas of New South Wales

Off the Record (film)

Off the Record is a 1939 American drama film directed by James Flood and written by Niven Busch, Lawrence Kimble and Earl Baldwin. The film stars Pat O'Brien, Joan Blondell, Bobby Jordan, Alan Baxter, William B. Davidson and Morgan Conway; the film was released by Warner Bros. on January 21, 1939. Two newspaper reporters, Thomas "Breezy" Elliott and Jane Morgan, inadvertently send a boy named Mickey Fallon to reform school after they write an exposé of the illegal slot-machine racket the boy was a spotter for. Guilt-ridden, Jane convinces Breezy that they should marry in order to adopt Mickey so they can get him out of reform school. Off the Record on IMDb

Egyptian Crisis (2011–2014)

The Egyptian Crisis began with the Egyptian revolution of 2011, when hundreds of thousands of Egyptians took to the streets in an ideologically and diverse mass protest movement that forced longtime president Hosni Mubarak from office. A protracted political crisis ensued, with the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces taking control of the country until a series of popular elections, which are thought to have been tampered with, brought the Muslim Brotherhood to power. However, disputes between elected Islamist president Mohamed Morsi and secularists continued until the anti-government protests in June 2013 that led to the overthrow of Morsi in 2013, in what has been variably described as a coup d'état or as an ending to the second revolution, or both. Abdel Fattah el-Sisi, who announced the overthrow of Morsi became the leader of Egypt the following year, winning election to the presidency in a landslide victory described by EU observers as free but not fair. Nonetheless, Sisi's election was recognized, the political situation has stabilized since he took power.

The crisis has spawned an ongoing insurgency led by Ansar Bait al-Maqdis in the Sinai Peninsula, which became intertwined with the regional conflict against the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant in 2014. Before Mubarak took command of the Egyptian government, the third President of Egypt, Anwar Sadat, had been in office since 1970. President Sadat had changed the course of Egypt, reinstating a multi-party system and allowing for an increase in foreign investment, among other measures. During Sadat's presidency Egypt both fought in the Yom Kippur War against Israel and, five years successfully negotiated the Camp David Accords; because of these negotiations and their outcome, both he and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin were awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1978, which made Sadat the first Muslim Nobel laureate. On 6 October 1981, President Sadat was assassinated in Cairo during the annual celebrations of Operation Badr by members of Egyptian Islamic Jihad, an Islamist terrorist group.

About a week after Sadat's assassination Vice-President Hosni Mubarak took office as President, an action, approved through a referendum of the People's Assembly. During his presidency, Mubarak pursued policies similar to those of his predecessor, including a commitment to the Camp David Accords. Additionally, Mubarak continued to work to ensure the gradual decrease in the military's influence and control over Egyptian politics, a decrease begun under Anwar Sadat, with Mubarak replacing many military elites with appointments from the Ministry of Interior instead, less than 10% of ministerial appointments coming from the military by 2010; the significant economic liberalization of Egypt's economy under Mubarak led to a drastic reduction in defense expenditures by 2010, compared to previous decades, thereby reducing the military's role in the economy. This gradual reshuffling of power under the Sadat and Mubarak regimes led to tensions between Mubarak's government and the military. Another cause for discontent among Egyptian citizens was Mubarak's administration's disputed human rights record.

In this context, after nearly 30 years of Mubarak's rule, the President was ousted following 18 days of demonstrations in Tahrir Square during the Egyptian revolution of 2011. Unhappiness among many Egyptians with the autocratic rule of 30-year President Hosni Mubarak boiled over in late January 2011 amid the Arab Spring, a series of popular protests and uprisings across the region. Hundreds of thousands of Egyptians occupied several public places across Egypt, including Cairo's Tahrir Square, holding out despite efforts by Mubarak loyalists and police to dislodge them, most notably during the infamous "Battle of the Camel". In the beginning, tensions were high between the police and protesters with violence breaking out in Suez and Alexandria; the government took a hard line, using riot-control tactics, shutting down the internet and telecom networks. But by the 28th the protests were continuing and the police had retreated. Mubarak offered some concessions, such as appointing Omar Suleiman to the long-vacant office of vice president.

He announced that he would not seek re-election. None of these satisfied protesters, under international pressure and lacking the support of Egypt's powerful military. On 10 February 2011 Mubarak handed over power to Suleiman and resigned as president the following day. According to a government fact-finding mission's report the 18-day uprising left at least 846 civilians killed and more than 6,400 injured; the Muslim Brotherhood's support of and participation in the Egyptian Revolution was no accident, but a planned and orchestrated attempt to support a regime change that would put them closer to achieving their goal of installing Islam at the center of the country's political agenda. Armbrust suggested in his paper that the collapse of the Mubarak regime during the Egyptian Revolution of 2011 may not have been directly caused by the Muslim Brotherhood, but their participation was a calculated one, as evidenced by their opportunistic actions during the conflict. In another study, published in the Middle East Report, El-Ghobashy suggested that the Egyptian Revolution was supposed to be a political exercise that should have brought back the value of the people in real politics—to reaffirm their power in choosing their

ASPCA Humane Law Enforcement Division

The ASPCA Humane Law Enforcement Division was the law enforcement arm of the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals from 1866 until 2013, when the law enforcement division was disbanded. The agency enforced humane laws, investigated cases of animal cruelty; the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals was incorporated in 1866 by a special state legislation to prevent animal cruelty through various programs including animal adoption services, animal education programs and an armed law enforcement division. The Humane Law Enforcement Division was a branch of the ASPCA staffed by 20 armed New York State peace officers who responded to reports of animal cruelty in marked ASPCA patrol cars in the New York City area as well as perform undercover operations; the officers were empowered through NYS Criminal Procedure Law and NY Agriculture and Markets laws to investigate allegations of animal abuse, seize animals being abused, make arrests for the prosecution for animal cruelty.

In 2000, the ASPCA Humane Law Enforcement Division received 33,000 calls for service which resulted in 55 arrests, 30 summonses being issued, 537 animal seizures. In December 2013, the president of the ASPCA stated that the Law Enforcement Division would be disbanding and the enforcement of humane laws and response to calls for animal abuse and cruelty would become the responsibility of the NYPD. By early January 2014, half of the officers of the division had been terminated; the reason given for disbanding was that the NYPD was better equipped and had more manpower to handle enforcement of humane laws and to respond to calls for animal abuse/cruelty. Response to the disbanding has been mixed, with some saying the NYPD can do a better job, while others say the NYPD has other, higher-priority situations to handle and the response to animal abuse and cruelty will be slow. ASPCA Law Enforcement officers are New York State peace officers under NYS Criminal Procedure Law 2.10 and may make arrests, use physical and deadly force, make car stops, issue summonses, may carry a firearm, pepper spray, handcuffs.

ASPCA Law Enforcement officers may seize any stray or abandoned animal on public streets in accordance with N. Y. Agriculture & Market laws Section 373 subsection 1. ASPCA Law Enforcement officers may lawfully seize any animal on private property, kept for more than 12 hours in an unhealthy, dangerous or unsanitary condition in accordance with NY Agriculture and Markets Law Section 373 subsection 2 provided a complaint has been filed. ASPCA Law Enforcement officers with a court order may make regular visits to any residence or establishment where an animal is being kept to check to see if the animal is receiving necessary food and care according to N. Y. Agriculture & Market law Section 373 subsection 7. NYS Agriculture and Markets Law Section 371 permits an ASPCA Law Enforcement officer to "interfere to prevent the perpetration of any act of cruelty upon any animal" in the presence of the ASPCA officer. In 2007, the ASPCA created an animal cruelty crime scene investigation unit; the CSI unit uses a Ford E-450 vehicle equipped with a surgery area for injured animals, evidence processing and storage equipment.

The van is staffed with a forensic veterinarian to help document evidence to aid in the prosecution of perpetrators. Although the vehicle is used in New York City, it can be deployed to any area of the United States at the request of a law enforcement agency; the Crime Scene Investigation unit was not affected by the disbandment of the Law Enforcement Division and remains active. ASPCA Humane Law Enforcement officers received peace officer training in addition to investigator training and firearms training. In 1999, ASPCA Humane Law Enforcement recruits began attending a specialized investigator training course through the New York City Police academy. ASPCA Humane Law Enforcement officers were equipped with either a Glock 19 9mm or a Smith & Wesson 5906 9mm handgun, pepper spray, ASP baton, handcuffs, their squad cars were Ford Crown Victoria Police Interceptors, in addition to vans, SUVs. They carried cages for seizures and catches. There were five titles in the ASPCA Humane Law Enforcement Division: Assistant Director of Law Enforcement Executive Officer Supervisory Special Investigator Special Investigator Special Agent One former ASPCA Humane Law Enforcement officer is known to have died in the line of duty.

The death occurred after the disbandment of the agency and was due to a duty related illness rather than a direct result of carrying out the duties of the position. American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Law enforcement in New York City List of law enforcement agencies in New York List of Long Island law enforcement agencies New York City Police Department Animal Precinct - Animal Planet's documentary reality television series that follows the agents, including agent Tina Salaks, of the ASPCA's Humane Law Enforcement Division in their investigations of animal cruelty ASPCA Official Site So You Wanna Be an Animal Cop APSCA Humane Law Enforcement Division officer

Sonia Viveros

Sonia Viveros was one of the most important actresses on Chilean television. She was born in Santiago and died in La Serena, she distinguished herself with roles in the telenovelas La Madrastra, La Torre 10 and Marta a las Ocho. Viveros debuted in soap opera at age 17, becoming the youngest, most popular and talented actress of the time. At 9 she began working in radio and three years on television. Although she received no formal education in drama school, her innate talent and professionalism led her to acting on television, her first TV series was El Litre 4916. She played a variety of roles in which her beauty and strength interpretive were her most noted highlights on Chilean screens, becoming well known and loved by the audience. Fame and recognition came in 1981 with the TV series La Madrastra, she participated in other television series like La represa and the comedy Juani en Sociedad. Her role as villain in the TV series La Torre 10 as Telma Bernard is one of her most memorable performances.

Her role as the beautiful and proud Leonor Encina in the series Martín Rivas with Alejandro Cohen is one of her best performances for the cameras. Viveros Sonia along with this actor formed a ranked television couple. Sonia married three times and they were of a short duration. One of her spouses was the producer Óscar Rodríguez. None of her marriages produced children, she decided to adopt two children: Camilo José Tomás and Javiera Esperanza on whom she poured all the attention she could give. Her last marriage was to Professor Leopoldo Segovia, from la Serena whom she met while filming the TV series called Borrón y Cuenta Nueva and she settled in La Serena. In 1985 she was diagnosed with lupus, a degenerative disease of the immune system which in her case affected her cerebral vessels, her older sister had died of a brain tumor, so it was not as a result of family history. Más que amigos as Gabriela. De Pe a Pa Sonia Viveros with Alejandro Cohen in La Represa. Sonia Viveros on TVN Terminó la agonía de Sonia Viveros Sonia Viveros con muerte cerebral Galería El Recuerdo a Sonia Viveros Sonia Viveros quiere vivir Sonia Viveros: Su lucha por la vida Hechos 2003: Grandes Pérdidas

Gaylord T. Gunhus

Chaplain Gaylord Thomas "G. T." Gunhus was an American Army officer who, from 1999 to 2003, served as the 20th Chief of Chaplains of the United States Army. He is a 1962 Graduate of Seattle Pacific University where he was named Alumnus of the Year in the spring of 2001, he graduated from the Lutheran Brethren Seminary in 1967 with a Masters of Divinity degree. After seminary, Gunhus served two tours in the Vietnam War, he graduated from the Princeton Theological Seminary in 1976 with a Masters in Theology degree. He continued his way up the ranks during the next three decades before being named Chief of Chaplains of the US Army in 1999 by President Bill Clinton, he was the head chaplain for the army based at The Pentagon prior to, after the 9/11 attacks on the Pentagon. He continued in this role until his retirement in 2003. After retirement, he was the military correspondent for Guideposts magazine. General Gunhus died on May 27, 2016 at the Mayo Clinic in Scottsdale, Arizona