Caroli Church, Malmö
Caroli Church was a church in Malmö, Sweden. It was built in 1880; the church is named after king Charles XI of Sweden. The first Caroli Church was built in the same place as the current building; the church was known as "The German Church" and the services was held in the German language for the German merchants and craftsmen of Malmö. It was deconsecrated in 2010
Käglingeparken is a park in Malmö, Sweden
DVD is a digital optical disc storage format invented and developed in 1995. The medium can store any kind of digital data and is used for software and other computer files as well as video programs watched using DVD players. DVDs offer higher storage capacity than compact discs. Prerecorded DVDs are mass-produced using molding machines that physically stamp data onto the DVD; such discs are a form of DVD-ROM because data can only be not written or erased. Blank recordable DVD discs can be recorded once using a DVD recorder and function as a DVD-ROM. Rewritable DVDs can be erased many times. DVDs are used in DVD-Video consumer digital video format and in DVD-Audio consumer digital audio format as well as for authoring DVD discs written in a special AVCHD format to hold high definition material. DVDs containing other types of information may be referred to as DVD data discs; the Oxford English Dictionary comments that, "In 1995 rival manufacturers of the product named digital video disc agreed that, in order to emphasize the flexibility of the format for multimedia applications, the preferred abbreviation DVD would be understood to denote digital versatile disc."
The OED states that in 1995, "The companies said the official name of the format will be DVD. Toshiba had been using the name ‘digital video disc’, but, switched to ‘digital versatile disc’ after computer companies complained that it left out their applications.""Digital versatile disc" is the explanation provided in a DVD Forum Primer from 2000 and in the DVD Forum's mission statement. There were several formats developed for recording video on optical discs before the DVD. Optical recording technology was invented by David Paul Gregg and James Russell in 1958 and first patented in 1961. A consumer optical disc data format known as LaserDisc was developed in the United States, first came to market in Atlanta, Georgia in 1978, it used much larger discs than the formats. Due to the high cost of players and discs, consumer adoption of LaserDisc was low in both North America and Europe, was not used anywhere outside Japan and the more affluent areas of Southeast Asia, such as Hong-Kong, Singapore and Taiwan.
CD Video released in 1987 used analog video encoding on optical discs matching the established standard 120 mm size of audio CDs. Video CD became one of the first formats for distributing digitally encoded films in this format, in 1993. In the same year, two new optical disc storage formats were being developed. One was the Multimedia Compact Disc, backed by Philips and Sony, the other was the Super Density disc, supported by Toshiba, Time Warner, Matsushita Electric, Mitsubishi Electric, Thomson, JVC. By the time of the press launches for both formats in January 1995, the MMCD nomenclature had been dropped, Philips and Sony were referring to their format as Digital Video Disc. Representatives from the SD camp asked IBM for advice on the file system to use for their disc, sought support for their format for storing computer data. Alan E. Bell, a researcher from IBM's Almaden Research Center, got that request, learned of the MMCD development project. Wary of being caught in a repeat of the costly videotape format war between VHS and Betamax in the 1980s, he convened a group of computer industry experts, including representatives from Apple, Sun Microsystems and many others.
This group was referred to as the Technical Working Group, or TWG. On August 14, 1995, an ad hoc group formed from five computer companies issued a press release stating that they would only accept a single format; the TWG voted to boycott both formats unless the two camps agreed on a converged standard. They recruited president of IBM, to pressure the executives of the warring factions. In one significant compromise, the MMCD and SD groups agreed to adopt proposal SD 9, which specified that both layers of the dual-layered disc be read from the same side—instead of proposal SD 10, which would have created a two-sided disc that users would have to turn over; as a result, the DVD specification provided a storage capacity of 4.7 GB for a single-layered, single-sided disc and 8.5 GB for a dual-layered, single-sided disc. The DVD specification ended up similar to Toshiba and Matsushita's Super Density Disc, except for the dual-layer option and EFMPlus modulation designed by Kees Schouhamer Immink.
Philips and Sony decided that it was in their best interests to end the format war, agreed to unify with companies backing the Super Density Disc to release a single format, with technologies from both. After other compromises between MMCD and SD, the computer companies through TWG won the day, a single format was agreed upon; the TWG collaborated with the Optical Storage Technology Association on the use of their implementation of the ISO-13346 file system for use on the new DVDs. Movie and home entertainment distributors adopted the DVD format to replace the ubiquitous VHS tape as the primary consumer digital video distribution format, they embraced DVD as it produced higher quality video and sound, provided superior data lifespan, could be interactive. Interactivity on LaserDiscs had proven desirable to consumers collectors; when LaserDisc prices dropped from $100 per
Rörsjöparken is a park in Malmö, Sweden. The park was completed in 1905
The Malmö Mosque is the second oldest mosque in Sweden. It is located in Jägersro villastad, a neighbourhood in Husie, Malmö, it is administered by the organization Islamic Center. Adjacent to the mosque is a charter school, run by the Islamic Center. There have been several attacks against the mosque, including an arson attack on 28 April 2003, which damaged the mosque and destroyed other buildings at the Islamic Center; the idea of building a mosque in Malmö arouse in the beginning in the 1960s but the zoning for the construction started in the late 1970s. The construction started in April 1983 The initiator of the project was Bejzat Becirov and as of 2013, he is still the chief executive officer. Malmö Municipality was helpful by sparing a big plot of land of 32,000 square metres. After some standard procedures such as archaeological excavations, the construction started in April 1983; the mosque was inaugurated on 20 April 1984 and the first Friday prayers were held that day. There have been several attacks against the mosque.
One of them, an arson attack in 2003, damaged the mosque and destroyed other buildings at the Islamic Center. The restoration cost was 17 million Swedish kronor. There were two smaller arson attacks in 2005 and the last of them cost 1 million Swedish kronor. No one was arrested for the attacks in 2003 and 2005. Between and the reopening in 2004, there were at least 20 other cases of sabotage; the serial shooter Peter Mangs, who were responsible for the 2009–10 Malmö shootings, was convicted for attempted murder on an imam in the mosque on 31 December 2009. He fired several shots against a window but missed his target, though the imam got hit by broken glass; the mosque is well-attended, both by Muslims from Copenhagen, Denmark. Today, the mosque is too small to satisfy the needs of the Muslim community in the city and region, which according to the Islamic Center stand at 45,000 and 100,000, respectively. Around 1,000 individuals attend the Friday prayers, the mosque accommodates over 70,000 visitors per year.
There are over 130 languages spoken among the members of the organization. The charter school is called Ögårdsskolan and was opened in 2000, it has an Islamic orientation. It is open for everyone; as of 2013, the school has 227 students from preschool class to primary school until age class six of nine. Islam in Sweden Religion in Sweden 2014 Sweden mosques arson attack series
Malmö Municipality, or City of Malmö, is a municipality in Scania, the southernmost Swedish province. When the first Swedish local government acts were implemented in 1863, the Old City of Malmö was made one of the country's 88 city municipalities and the first city council was elected; the municipal territory has been augmented through mergers in 1911, 1915, 1931, 1935, 1952, 1967 and in 1971. In 1971, the city was converted into a municipality of unitary type, like all others in Sweden. Malmö Municipality, styles itself Malmö stad in all cases when it is possible; this is a decision taken by the municipal assembly. It has no effect on the legal status of the municipality. There are four smaller localities in the municipality; the localities are listed in the table according to the size of the population in 2010. The municipal seat is in bold characters. Note that a small part of Malmö is situated in Burlöv Municipality. After a reform on 1 July 2013, Malmö Municipality is divided into five city districts.
They manage public kindergartens and geriatric care within their geographical areas, provide funds for local cultural and recreational activities. There are 136 neighbourhoods. Before the reform on July 2013, Malmö Municipality was divided into ten city districts after the 1996 City District Reform; the municipal legislative body of the municipality is the 61-member municipal assembly, elected by proportional representation for a four-year term. The assembly appoints the municipality's main governing bodies, the 11-member executive committee and the 8 governing commissioners; the executive committee and the commissioners are headed by a municipal commissioner or "mayor". The mayor is Katrin Stjernfeldt Jammeh of the Social Democratic Party. There are seven political parties represented in the council elected in 2014: Social Democratic Party, Moderate Party, Sweden Democrats, Green Party, Left Party, Liberal People's Party and Feminist Initiative; as of 2011, Malmö has town twinning treaties of co-operation signed with 13 cities.
Of these, cooperation is closest with Newcastle, the province of Chieti and with Vaasa. The complete list of cities is the following: Metropolitan Malmö Malmö stad - official website Malmostadwebbvideo - official YouTube channel
Öresundsparken is a park in Malmö, Sweden. The park was built in the 1920s to fill the area beside the railway line, it was opened in 1924 and consists of three ponds