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Maltese cat

A Maltese is any cat whose fur is either or gray or blue and is of indeterminate breed. Many cats with such colouration are present on the island of Malta, which may have given rise to the use of the adjective in this context. There are several cat breeds that always produce blue or gray fur, of whom the adjective may be used; these are none of which are associated with Malta. There are several other breeds that produce blues such as the British Shorthair; the blue variant of this breed was so common that some thought it was its own breed called the "British Blue". Regardless of breed, any cat with solid gray coloration has two pairs of double-recessive genes for the non-agouti and color-dilution traits, so an exclusive mating between two solid gray cats should always produce solid gray kittens. In literature, "The Maltese Cat" is the title of a 1895 short story by Rudyard Kipling; the story is about a polo match set in the British colonial subcontinent, told from the point of view of one of the ponies, a gray named the Maltese Cat.

Patrick Leigh Fermor alludes to this usage in 1986's Between the Woods and the Water where, after a game of bicycle polo at a country house on the Great Hungarian Plain, he refers to the bicycles as Maltese Cats: "The other side won but we scored four goals, when the iron Maltese Cats were back in their stands, we limped back to the steps, where Countess Denise and had been leaning on the balustrade like ladies gazing down into the lists." Cat coat genetics

Sex differences in cognition

Sex differences in cognition, or mental abilities, are studied in the current scientific literature. Biological and genetic differences in combination with environment and culture have resulted in the cognitive differences among men and women. Among biological factors, hormones such as testosterone and estrogen may play some role mediating these differences. Among differences of diverse mental and cognitive abilities, the largest or most well known are those relating to spatial abilities, social cognition and verbal skills and abilities. Cognitive abilities are mental abilities that a person uses in everyday life, as well as specific demand tasks; the most basic of these abilities are memory, executive function, processing speed and perception, which combine to form a larger perceptual umbrella relating to different social, affective and spatial information. Memory, one of the primary core of cognitive abilities can be broken down into short-term memory, working memory and long-term memory. There are other abilities relating to perceptual information such as mental rotation, spatial visualization ability, verbal fluency and reading comprehension.

Other larger perceptual umbrellas include social cognition, spatial perception and verbal abilities. Various researchers have conducted studies to determine the differences between men and women and their abilities within their short-term memory. For example, a study conducted by Lowe and Reynolds examined gender differences among children and adolescents on various short-term memory measures; this study included 1,279 children and adolescents, 637 males and 642 females, between the ages of 5 and 19. They found that females scored higher on two verbal subtests: Word Selective Reminding and Object Recall, males scored higher on the Memory for Location and Abstract Visual Memory subtests, the key spatial memory tasks. In two different studies researchers have found that women perform higher on verbal tasks and men perform higher on spatial tasks; these findings are consistent with studies of intelligence with regards to pattern, females performing higher on certain verbal tasks and males performing higher on certain spatial tasks.

Same results have been found cross culturally. Sex differences in verbal short term memory have been found regardless of age among adults, for example a review published in the journal Neuropsychologia which evaluated studies from 1990–2013 found greater female verbal memory from ages 11–89 years old. There are no sex differences in overall working memory except those involving spatial information such as space and object. A 2004 study published in the journal of Applied Cognitive Psychology found higher male performance on four visuo-spatial working memory. Another 2010 study published in the journal Brain and Cognition found a male advantage in spatial and object working memory on an n-back test but not for verbal working memory. Another study published in the journal Human Brain Mapping found no sex differences in a verbal n-back working memory task among adults from ages 18–58 years old. There was no sex differences in verbal working memory among a study of university students published in the Journal of Dental and Medical Sciences.

However, they still found greater male spatial working memory in studies published in the journals Brain Cognition and Intelligence. Though they found no sex differences in verbal working memory, researchers have found lower brain activity or thermodynamics in the prefrontal cortex of women which suggested greater neural efficiency and less effort for the same performance. Researchers indicate women might have greater working memory on tasks that only relies on the prefrontal cortex. A 2006 review and study on working memory published in the journal European Journal of Cognitive Psychology found no gender differences in working memory processes except in a double-span task where women outperformed men. There have been no sex differences found in a popular working memory task known as n-back among a large number of studies. Studies have found a greater female ability in episodic memory involving verbal or both verbal and visual-spatial tasks while a higher male ability that only involves complex visual-spatial episodic memory.

For example, a study published in the journal Neuropsychology found that women perform at a higher level on most verbal episodic tasks and tasks involving some or little visual-spatial episodic memory. Another study published the following year found that women perform at a higher level in verbal and non-verbal episodic memory but men performed at a higher level in complex visual-spatial episodic memory. A review published in the journal Current Directions in Psychological Science by researcher Agneta Herlitz conclude that higher ability in women on episodic-memory tasks requiring both verbal and visuospatial episodic memory and on face-recognition tasks. Sex differences in semantic memory have been found with a higher female ability which can be explained by a female advantage in verbal fluency. One other study found greater female free-recall and long term retrieval among the ages 5–17. There has not been enough literature or studies assessing sex difference in executive functioning since executive functions are not a unitary concept.

However, in the ones that have been done, there have been differences found in attention and inhibition. A 2002 study published in the Journal of Vision found that males were faster at shifting attention from one object to another as well as shifting attention within objects. 2012–2014 studies published in the Journal of Neuropsychology with a sample size ranging from 3500–9138 participan


Cervera is the capital of the comarca of Segarra, in the province of Lleida, Spain. The title Comte de Cervera is a courtesy title part of the Crown of Aragon, revived for Leonor, Princess of Asturias; the city is the birthplace of eight-time MotoGP world champion, Marc Márquez. In the year 1026, three peasant families built the first settlement in the comarca of Segarra, as in those days it was uninhabited. On, the Barcelona counts committed ownership of those lands to those people. By this, the counts wanted to establish their power in the area, as the Segarra was at that time the border between Christian and Muslim territories, thereby establishing the first fortress; when the Western border was established at Lleida at the year 1149, Cervera grew up into terraced houses on the other side of the border. The inhabitants were freed from the feudal lord's abuses and with the royal privileges, the town became established first as a Confraria Consolat, from 1267 up to the present, as a Paeria; the most significant episode was the signature, in 1452, of the nuptial agreement between Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella I of Castile.

In 1702, the town got the title of city from the king Philip V, for which the townspeople thanked the king. The king bestowed this title because in a small way during the war, more after the war, the local people had demonstrated support for the king's politics. Charles II, the last Spanish king from the house of Austria, died in 1700, in his will he designated Philip V as his heir; the new king, with the name of Philip V, was accepted in the kingdom of Castile, as well as in Crown of Aragon. England, at the head of the opposing nations proposed Charles VI as the heir of the Spanish throne and in 1702 a European war started. An appropriate diplomatic intervention could make the Crown of Aragon give support to Charles VI. In Cervera, there were people in favour of both sides; when the war was finished, destroyed, decided to give support to the ones who were governing and sent two ambassadors to the Courts with the mission to persuade the ministers of Philip V of his absolute support, with the goal to obtain some logical compensation and in one of their 30 requests, they requested one university like the one in the city of Lleida.

Philip V built the University of Cervera and closed the rest. The creation of the university gave an economic boost to the town because students lodged in the town. In 1842 the University was relocated to Barcelona. However, when train service arrived in the town in 1860 along with improvements to some public services and as the establishment of some industries and an important wine trade, there was an improvement in the local economy; when the Phylloxera arrived, this caused a lot of people with vineyards to go bankrupt, due to a major crisis with the Cervera wine trade, which recovered somewhat with the creation of the Sindicat Agrícola. Paeria de Cervera Cervera's Tourist Office Government data pages City hall description

John Silk Deckard

John Silk Deckard was an American artist from Erie, Pennsylvania. He worked in a number of media, including drawing, painting and sculpture. Deckard studied art under Joseph Plavcan from Erie, he studied with Plavcan until the age of 17, at which point he earned a scholarship to attend the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts in Philadelphia. He studied at Edinboro State College, Carnegie Mellon University, the University of Pennsylvania, the Pratt Institute in Brooklyn, he began his career with making prints, it was in this medium that he first began to explore the recurring themes that would appear in his work throughout his career: alienation and powerlessness. His first acceptance into a major exhibition was in New York City in 1965, where the Associated American Artists invited him to participate in an exhibit entitled A New Generation of American Printmakers; that same year, the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts included his work in their Annual Exhibition, the Boston Printmakers included him in the Boston Printmakers Annual Print Exhibition.

The following year, he was included again in the Boston Printmakers Annual Print Exhibition, as well as the Whitney Museum of American Art's Annual Exhibition 1966: Contemporary Sculpture and Prints. In 1967, his prints were once again included in the Annual Exhibition put on by the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, he continued to work in a variety of media, including printmaking, but painting and sculpture. He began to favor sculpture as an artistic medium starting in the 1970s, continued to use predominantly sculpture for the remainder of his career. Didactic Dance, Print, 1964, located in the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D. C. Cruciform-Transfiguration, Sculpture, 1977, located at Holy Cross Church, Erie, PA. Eternal Vigilance, Sculpture, 1978, located at the Erie Art Museum, Erie, PA. Knifeman, Sculpture, 1986, located at the Wichita Art Museum, Kansas One of Deckard's most recognizable works is Eternal Vigilance, a large bronze sculpture that sits in front of the Erie Art Museum on State Street.

It is in front of the Old Customs House, one of the five buildings that make up what is today the Erie Art Museum. The sculpture itself depicts "a moment of tortured humanity captured in 500 pounds of bronze", it is a larger-than-life-sized figure with disproportionately large hands and feet, curled up in fetal position, clutching himself, with a tortured expression on his face. The sculpture was made using the ancient lost-wax casting method. In this method, the sculptor makes a full-size model of the sculpture in wax. From the wax, a plaster cast is made, the wax is melted out. Molten bronze is poured into the mold, it assumes the shape of the wax; the plaster cast is removed, leaving behind the sculpture in bronze. The wax version of this sculpture was made from one-quarter-inch wax sheets the final touches were added by flame polishing; the final version of the wax sculpture weighed 50 pounds. It was taken to a foundry in Cleveland to be cast in bronze; the piece was commissioned for the Erie Art Center on West 6th Street in 1978.

In 1983, the Erie Art Center became the Erie Art Museum and moved to its current location on State Street, the sculpture was installed in front of the museum, where it remains. It is a part of the Erie Art Museum's permanent collection. National Gallery of Art Ackland Art Museum Rose Art Museum Cincinnati Art Museum Sheldon Swope Art Museum, in Terre Haute, Indiana DePauw University Wichita Art Museum Erie Art Museum Free Library of Philadelphia PPG Industries Holy Cross Roman Catholic Church, in Fairview, Erie County, Pennsylvania

British Urban Film Festival

The British Urban Film Festival was formed in July 2005 to showcase urban independent cinema in the absence of any such state-sponsored activity in the UK. Supported by filmmakers and British actors, the organisation was set up by Emmanuel Anyiam-Osigwe and established as BUFF Enterprises Ltd. BUFF bears no relation to the BUFF International Film Festival established in 1984 in Sweden; the London-based organisation was created in partnership with organisations like The Screen. Biz and The Hip-Hop Association to mobilise and develop young, up and coming homegrown British urban talent in the independent film and TV sector. With offices in Greater London, the company has devised projects including The Search for BUFF, a reality-TV-talent contest designed to find people who'look buff' who are then'appointed' as ambassadors to promote the annual British Urban Film Festival. Filmed on location across the UK, the pilot was screened at the headquarters of ITV in London's South Bank and made its Christmas Day broadcast debut on BEN Television in December 2005.

The first series aired January–April 2006. The second series aired on BEN Television from May to August 2007 in addition to the annual staging of the British Urban Film Festival - a unique event as it is the only one of its kind in the UK, free to attend by the general public. Although the annual festival is free to attend, it does charge entry fees to film-makers who wish to submit their films in what is, according to Film London,'an important and emerging genre, not otherwise seen in the capital's cinemas'; the Genesis Cinema in Whitechapel and The Oxford House in Bethnal Green are venues in London's East End forming part of the 2008 festival. The Stratford Picturehouse Cinema in Newham forms part of the 2009 festival, being supported by 3 London boroughs: Newham, Tower Hamlets and Redbridge; the 2009 festival is notable for its screening of Disoriented Generation, a financed UK independent film co-produced by and starring actor Wil Johnson. The 2010 festival marked BUFF's 5th anniversary with the screening of Sus, based on the original stageplay written by Barrie Keeffe and starring Clint Dyer, Rafe Spall, Ralph Brown and Anjela Lauren Smith.

Other high-profile screenings included rare video footage of N-Dubz in'The Way We Were' and'Bad Day', starring Claire Goose, Robbie Gee and Sarah Harding. The 2011 festival was headlined by the UK premiere of David is Dying at London's Trade Union Congress headquarters and stars Lonyo Engele, a former UK garage music artist in his debut acting role. April 2012 marked the festival's return to television for the first time in five years with the launch of "BUFF Presents..." a strand of films screened at the British Urban Film Festival including'Drink, Drugs, & KFC' directed by actor Aml Ameen and'Before they were Dubz', a feature-length documentary which followed the UK Hip-Hop group N-Dubz when they first started out as teenagers over a decade ago. Directed by film journalist Jessie Grace Mellor, the documentary will have its broadcast premiere on Community Channel alongside other films including'The Holiday', directed by Ida Akesson, and'Special Delivery' directed by Geoff Searle. "BUFF Presents..." is slated to return for a second season in October 2012.

October 12, 2012 will mark the return of the British Urban Film Festival at London's Trade Union Congress headquarters to be presented by actor Wil Johnson. The 2-day event will host a 12-hour marathon of short films, feature-length dramas plus Q&A sessions on October 13 at Oxford House in Bethnal Green. January 2013 will mark another milestone when BUFF becomes the first film festival in the UK to screen a sample of its festival selections via the BBC iplayer platform in conjunction with Community Channel. March 2013 will mark the launch of the inaugural BUFF Spring Season; the concept brings together an array of film programming "online, on-air and in person" in conjunction with ITV, Grime Daily, Genesis Cinema and The British On 2 May 2013 it was announced that the publisher-broadcaster Channel 4 would be hosting the opening three events of the 8th annual British Urban Film Festival at the company's headquarters in Horseferry Road, Central London. In addition, the festival was to be headlined by the UK premiere screenings of "Calloused Hands" starring Andre Royo from the HBO series "The Wire", "Traveller" starring David Essex OBE, Jason Maza & Lois Winstone & the award-winning "Bloody Lip" written & directed by Adriel Leff.

Coverage was hosted from Odeon West End in Leicester Square by actress Zawe Ashton. Actor Riz Ahmed was among the official festival ambassadors. On 25 December 2013 it was announced that Channel 4 will be hosting the opening 3 events of the 9th annual British Urban Film Festival in September 2014, ensuring that they "continue to seek out the best creative voices. Voices that represent the diversity and cultural richness of contemporary British life. 2013 featured the inaugural BUFF screenplay competition. The three recipients were Jeff Nottingham for ‘Lost in Mozart’, Yvonne Ossei for ‘Face Up’, Donna Marie Dowelled for ‘The Office’. There were live performances of all three winning screenplays at the Channel 4 headquarters at the end of the first day of the festival; the event was introduced by actress Shereen Miranda." On 7 July 2014 it was announced that "The Trials of Muh

The Last Gentleman (novel)

The Last Gentleman is a 1966 novel by Walker Percy. The narrative centers on the character of Williston Bibb Barrett, a man born in the Mississippi Delta who has moved to New York City, where he lives at a YMCA and works as a night janitor. Will suffers from a "nervous condition", which causes him to experience fits of déjà vu and amnesiac fugues. Early in the story, Will meets the Vaughts, a Southern family temporarily living in New York City so that their son, can receive medical treatment there. Mr. Vaught invites Will to serve as Jamie's caretaker; the novel focuses on the relationship between Will and the Vaughts, on Will's continuing search for his own identity. Walker Percy followed the story of The Last Gentleman in The Second Coming