Mineola, New York
Mineola is a village in Nassau County, Long Island, New York, United States. The population was 18,799 at the 2010 census; the name is derived from an Algonquin word meaning a "pleasant village". Most of the Incorporated Village of Mineola is in the Town of North Hempstead, with a small portion of its southern edge within the Town of Hempstead. Old Country Road runs along the village's southern border; the area serviced by the Mineola Post Office extends farther south into the adjacent village of Garden City, New York, where the county seat of Nassau County is located. Offices of many Nassau County agencies are in both Garden City; the central, grassy part of Long Island was named "Hempstead Plains". In the 19th century, various communities were started. One of them was called "Hempstead Branch", "Mineola". Long Island was part of Henry Hudson's original claim in the name of the Dutch East India Company dating as far back as 1609. In the 18th century, the Dutch and English settlers worked to clear farmland to start their life on the Hempstead Plains.
It was in 1858 when this land was named after an Algonquin Indian Chief, Miniolagamika meaning, "Pleasant Village". The name was shortened and altered to "Mineola". From about 1787 until the 1870s, the area was the county seat for Queens County, in a section known as Clowesville, just outside the present village boundaries; the western portion of Queens became a borough of New York City in 1898, in 1899 Nassau County was formed from the part of Queens that did not so consolidate. Voters selected Mineola to be the county seat for the new county of Nassau in November 1898, winning out over Hicksville and Hempstead; the Garden City Company donated four acres of land for the county buildings just south of the Mineola train station and the present day Village of Mineola, in the Town of Hempstead. Mineola became the County Seat on July 13, 1900, as Governor Theodore Roosevelt laid the cornerstone of the Nassau County Court House. A celebration was held to commemorate the occasion on the barren 5-acre site at the corner of Old Country Road and Franklin Avenue.
Many dignitaries were present to witness this event such as Frederick Hicks, Congressman Townsend Scudder, Colonel William Youngs and Supervisors William Jones and Edwin Willits. Mineola was incorporated in 1906 and run by a president; the land on which the County buildings sat was not included as part of the village. The land and the buildings have a Mineola postal address, but are within the present day Village of Garden City, which did not incorporate, nor set its boundaries, until 1919. NYU Winthrop Hospital, founded in 1896 by local physicians and residents as Nassau Hospital, Winthrop-University Hospital, was Long Island's first voluntary hospital. In 1897, it admitted 91 patients, performed 27 operations, reported two births and eight deaths during the first year; the original hospital was constructed in 1900. Renamed Winthrop in the 1980s, it is now a nationally recognized award-winning hospital and in 2004 was ranked among the Top 5 Percent of Acute-Care Hospitals in the Country. Mineola was a familiar place to many of the most famous pilots in history.
The Aero Club of America chose the area for the level plains. Glenn Curtiss brought the area to national attention in July 1909 with his second Scientific American Award flight of over 23 minutes and 15 miles, he made some of the first public flights in America in his "Golden Flyer", while practicing for the Reims Aviation Meet in France. The Wright Brothers, Igor Sikorsky, Captain Rene Fonck, the famed duo of Clarence Chamberlain and Bert Acosta, dubbed "twins of derring-do", all spent time in Mineola taking advantage of the rolling grasslands and favorable winds. On November 1, 1915, Captain Raynal Cawthorne Bolling—a prominent New York attorney working at United States Steel—organized the Aviation Detachment, 1st Battalion Signal Corps of the New York National Guard, it was the Guard's first genuine aviation unit. Subsequently, the organization was redesignated the 1st Aero Company. Located at Mineola on Long Island, the unit rented and purchased its own aircraft with funds donated by the Aero Club of America and other contributors.
It was "provisionally recognized" on June 22, 1916, called into federal service on July 13, 1916, during the Mexican border crisis. However, instead of active service in the southwest, it remained at Mineola training and was released from federal service on November 2, 1916. On May 20, 1927, at 7:52 a.m. Charles Lindbergh started his historic flight from nearby Roosevelt Field. Thirty-three hours he landed in Paris and became the first person to complete a solo flight from the United States across the Atlantic Ocean. Main Street was the center of village business as well as a popular meeting place for farmers and the business community alike; the general store offered an array of goods that would fulfill most everyday needs, such as hardware, wool, dry goods and food. The small glass-fronted mail and delivery boxes filled the existing six-foot post office; as the Mineola population grew, the post office was relocated to the Meyer Building on Mineola Boulevard and twice more to 3rd Street and 2nd Street.
It found its permanent home on 1st Street and Main Street. Mineola's first theatre named Allen's Hall drew in many early moviegoers to see "the flickers". Motion picture success drew in other theaters to the area, the most lavish being the Century Opera House. Most theaters had a showing in the morning and in the evening featuring a liv
Lynbrook, New York
Lynbrook is a village in Nassau County, New York, United States. The population was 19,427 at the 2010 census; the Incorporated Village of Lynbrook is inside the Town of Hempstead, neighboring Malverne to the north, Valley Stream to the west, Hewlett to the southwest, East Rockaway to the southeast, Rockville Centre to the east. The Village of Lynbrook's current mayor is Alan Beach. Lynbrook is part of New York's 4th congressional district, represented by Democrat Kathleen M. Rice. Lynbrook is part of New York State Senate District 9, it is part of the New York State 21th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Judy Griffin, who resides in Rockville Centre. Long Island Rail Road service to the New York City boroughs of Manhattan and Brooklyn is available at the Lynbrook station located off Sunrise Highway between Peninsula Boulevard and Broadway. There is the Westwood station located off Whitehall Street that provides service to the New York City boroughs of Manhattan and Brooklyn; the area known as Lynbrook had other names, including Rechquaakie, Near Rockaway, Parson's Corners, Bloomfield.
It was named Pearsall's Corners, after Mr. Pearsall's General Store because this store became a famous stage coach stop for travelers coming from New York City to Long Island. Alternately, it was called "Five Corners" because the stage coach stop was at the crossing of Hempstead Avenue, Merrick Road, Broadway, it became known as Lynbrook in 1894 and the village was incorporated in 1911. The name "Lynbrook" is derived by dividing "Brooklyn" into its syllables and transposing them, a tribute to the original home of many of the town's turn-of-the-century residents. Since 1912, Lynbrook has been served by the Lynbrook Police Department; the Chief of the Department is Joseph Neve. Since 1879, the Lynbrook Volunteer Fire Department has served Lynbrook; the department has 6 firehouses around Lynbrook. The Chief of the Department is Carl Lengel. Lynbrook is served by its own Department of Public Works who provides sanitation management; the Superintendent is Phil Healey. In 2008, three houses in Lynbrook were listed on the National Register of Historic Places: House at 251 Rocklyn Avenue, House at 474 Ocean Avenue, House at 73 Grove Street.
Rockville Cemetery was listed in 2015. School-aged children residing within the Village are eligible to attend one of the five public school districts that are within its boundaries: East Rockaway, Malverne and Valley Stream School Districts; the Village has four public schools within its boundaries: Lynbrook Union Free School District: Lynbrook Kindergarten Center West End Elementary School Marion Street Elementary School Waverly Park Elementary School Lynbrook South Middle School Lynbrook North Middle School Lynbrook Senior High SchoolMalverne School District: Davison Avenue Elementary SchoolThe village is home to Our Lady of Peace Roman Catholic Elementary School. Lynbrook is located at 40°39′30″N 73°40′22″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 2.0 square miles.. As of the 2010 census the population of the village was 85.3% White 77.7% Non-Hispanic White, 3.7% African American, 0.1% Native American, 4.5% Asian, 4.3% from other races, 2.1% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13% of the population. As of the census of 2000, there were 19,911 people, 7,369 households, 5,239 families residing in the village; the population density was 9,960.8 people per square mile. There were 7,570 housing units at an average density of 3,787.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 92.08% White, 0.92% African American, 0.06% Native American, 2.99% Asian, 2.51% from other races, 1.44% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.28% of the population. There were 7,369 households out of which 30.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.4% were married couples living together, 9.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.9% were non-families. 24.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.20. In the village, the population was spread out with 22.5% under the age of 18, 6.1% from 18 to 24, 30.4% from 25 to 44, 23.4% from 45 to 64, 17.7% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.0 males. The median income for a household in the village was $68,373, the median income for a family was $88,023. Males had a median income of $50,795 versus $36,545 for females; the per capita income for the village was $27,211. About 2.5% of families and 4.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.6% of those under age 18 and 7.5% of those age 65 or over. The sitcom Everybody Loves. Lynbrook's Trainland on Sunrise Highway was prominently featured in The Sopranos episode, "The Blue Comet", with many scenes shot inside the store. Mike's Marbleopolis, a fictional marble column store featured in a spoof advertisement on Saturday Night Live was shown as being at 2941 Central Avenue, L
Bellerose, New York
Bellerose is an incorporated village in Nassau County, New York, United States. The population was 1,193 at the 2010 census; the Incorporated Village of Bellerose is in the Town of Hempstead, New York and borders Queens County in the City of New York. The village was founded by Helen Marsh of Brooklyn. In 1907, planning to build a model community, Marsh purchased 77 acres of Floral Park gladiola fields; the first Bellerose home was completed, under Marsh's supervision, in 1910. Marsh persuaded the Long Island Rail Road to place a station in the new village, she named the station Bellerose. Though it has been suggested that she named the station for the Rose farm, south of the railroad, her daughter Belle, she said that she found the name "euphonious". A vote of the homeowners made the name official in 1917. Bellerose Village has Board of trustees. Thomas Van Buskirk served as mayor for 12 years, from 1993 until 2004. During his tenure he was responsible for the installation of the village's playground, the purchase of a new fire truck and chief's car, the re-modeling of the village hall and many other projects.
Bellerose is located at 40°43′24″N 73°42′59″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.1203 square miles, all land. As of the census of 2000, there were 1,173 people, 378 households, 333 families residing in the village; the population density was 12,207.3 people per square mile. There were 384 housing units at an average density of 3,996.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 90.79% White, 0.43% African American, 6.65% Asian, 0.85% from other races, 1.28% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.35% of the population. There were 378 households out of which 42.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 78.3% were married couples living together, 6.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 11.9% were non-families. 9.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.10 and the average family size was 3.32. In the village, the population was spread out with 25.4% under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 27.0% from 25 to 44, 28.6% from 45 to 64, 11.4% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.7 males. The median income for a household in the village was $100,263, the median income for a family was $110,404. Males had a median income of $72,917 versus $50,625 for females; the per capita income for the village was $36,446. None of the families and 0.9% of the population were living below the poverty line, including no under eighteens and 1.3% of those over 64. John P. Shanley, specializing in radio and drama, who spent much of his career with The New York Times. Bellerose Terrace, New York, the area adjacent to the village Bellerose Village Municipal Complex Official website Bellerose History
Malverne, New York
Malverne is a village in the town of Hempstead in Nassau County, New York, United States. The population was 8,514 at the 2010 census. According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 1.0 square mile, all of it land. Malverne was settled by the Rockaway Indians at an unknown point in history with the current Ocean Avenue serving as an Indian path. Western settlements can be dated back to the 1700s when the Abrams and Pearsall families first settled and began farming the area. Norwood, as it was known, formed a movement to become an incorporated village in the early 1920s; this area consisted of the communities of North Lynbrook and Malverne Park. It is believed that residents of the now Malverne Park area did not wish to become part of the new village and therefore requested not to be included. North Lynbrook was believed to be removed from the borders by New York Lieutenant Governor Jeremiah Wood, who lived in that area at that time and did not wish to be in an incorporated village.
A vote was taken and voters decided to form an incorporated village by an overwhelming majority. The spelling of the name was Malvern, minus the "e" as in the English connection; when the Long Island Rail Road started service to Malvern they spelled the name Malverne, with the "e". Although Malvern attempted to fix the error, the village changed the name to Malverne as so many people thought the name was spelled with the "e"; this is a further indication how important rail service was to villages across the country and how powerful their effects were felt upon them. The last farm in Malverne, Crossroads Farm at Grossman's was acquired by Nassau County and continues to operate as the last working farm in the village; the name was changed from Norwood to Malverne because a Village of Norwood existed in upstate New York. The name Malverne originates from England. Alfred Wagg, the main developers from the Amsterdam Development and Land Corporation, had visited Malvern and liked the name; the extra "e" was added to make it fancier.
Malverne's incorporation was finalized on April 13, 1921, however it had been acting as a village since October 1920. The village has celebrated the 1921 anniversary at the 25-year, 50-year, 75-year. Malverne was made up of many different communities; the communities were made up of the original farmer of that area and those he sold his land to. While it is no longer viewed the same way, some of the neighborhood names can be found in the street names; the village's growth has been credited to two major events – the selling of farm land for development and the Long Island Rail Road. The Amsterdam Development Corporation is responsible for the building of many of the homes in the village. Today, there are over 3000 homes in the village. Today, many of its residents commute to New York City via the two Long Island Rail Road stations in the village – Malverne and Westwood, both located on the West Hempstead Branch. After a three-year hiatus, weekend train service was restored to the branch in November 2014.
The village is governed by a Board of Trustees. Each member of the board is elected to a four-year term of office. There is a village judge that presides over violations of the village code. Elections are scheduled for the third Tuesday of March in odd numbered years; the current elected officials are: Mayor Patricia Ann Norris-McDonald Deputy Mayor Patricia M. Canzoneri-Fitzpatrick Trustee John J. O'Brien Trustee Perry Cuocci Trustee Keith M. Corbett Judge James G. FrankieThe mayor appoints a deputy mayor to act in his/her absence. She/he appoints liaisons and/or commissioners to each department in the village; the office of mayor was called president. Malverne considered a "full service" municipality with nearly all government services provided by the village itself; the Village hosts its own Police Department, Volunteer Fire Department, Volunteer Ambulance Corps, Police Reserve, Department of Public Works, Emergency Management Commission, Public Library, Youth Board, village television station – MalverneTV.
Recent studies have found that Malverne is considered to be one of the safest communities in both the state and country. A report based on 2012 statistics place the village the second-safest in New York, behind only Briarcliff Manor. In 2009, Standard & Poor's gave Malverne an AA+ credit bond rating, one of the highest ratings the financial institution gives out. Townsend H. Ackley- Member Lynbrook Rescue Hook Ladder and Bucket company 1885-1911, Helped create the newly formed Noorwood Hook and Hose, 1911-1922, Elected Forman 1917, became the First Fire Chief of the Malverne Fire Dept in 1922 and served till 1928. Jason Michael Brescia - writer and director Gil Clancy – legendary boxing trainer and International Boxing Hall of Famer Tony Danza – actor Fran Purcell – former Nassau County Executive Ralph Flanagan – big-band leader Woody Gelman – publisher Jeffrey Goldberg – author and staff writer for The Atlantic Monthly Ray Heatherton - stage and TV personality, father of Joey Heatherton Max Holden – magician Dan Ingram - radio DJ Andrew Baydala – NFL, WWE, MLB, UFC personality, Vice President of Ticket King, based in Minnesota.
Stan MacGovern – comic strip cartoonist Steven McDonald - NYPD shooting victim and speaker Ole Olsen - Olsen and Johnson comedy team Ralph Penza - television journalist Atoosa Rubenstein - magazine editor Rudy Rufer – New York Giants baseball shortstop Frank Scoblete – author Rick Shutter – drummer Frank Springer – cartoonist Charley Steiner – former ESPN sportscaster, current play-by-play voice for Los Ang
Per capita income
Per capita income or average income measures the average income earned per person in a given area in a specified year. It is calculated by dividing the area's total income by its total population. Per capita income is national income divided by population size. Per capita income is used to measure an area's average income and compare the wealth of different populations. Per capita income is used to measure a country's standard of living, it is expressed in terms of a used international currency such as the euro or United States dollar, is useful because it is known, is calculable from available gross domestic product and population estimates, produces a useful statistic for comparison of wealth between sovereign territories. This helps to ascertain a country's development status, it is one of the three measures for calculating the Human Development Index of a country. In the United States, it is defined by the U. S. Census Bureau as the following: "Per capita income is the mean money income received in the past 12 months computed for every man and child in a geographic area."
Critics claim that per capita income has several weaknesses in measuring prosperity: Comparisons of per capita income over time need to consider inflation. Without adjusting for inflation, figures tend to overstate the effects of economic growth. International comparisons can be distorted by cost of living differences not reflected in exchange rates. Where the objective is to compare living standards between countries, adjusting for differences in purchasing power parity will more reflect what people are able to buy with their money, it does not reflect income distribution. If a country's income distribution is skewed, a small wealthy class can increase per capita income while the majority of the population has no change in income. In this respect, median income is more useful when measuring of prosperity than per capita income, as it is less influenced by outliers. Non-monetary activity, such as barter or services provided within the family, is not counted; the importance of these services varies among economies.
Per capita income does not consider whether income is invested in factors to improve the area's development, such as health, education, or infrastructure. List of countries by average wage List of countries by GDP per capita—GDP at market or government official exchange rates per inhabitant List of countries by GDP per capita—GDP calculated at purchasing power parity exchange per inhabitant List of countries by GNI per capita List of countries by GNI per capita List of countries by income equality Total personal income
A village is a clustered human settlement or community, larger than a hamlet but smaller than a town, with a population ranging from a few hundred to a few thousand. Though villages are located in rural areas, the term urban village is applied to certain urban neighborhoods. Villages are permanent, with fixed dwellings. Further, the dwellings of a village are close to one another, not scattered broadly over the landscape, as a dispersed settlement. In the past, villages were a usual form of community for societies that practice subsistence agriculture, for some non-agricultural societies. In Great Britain, a hamlet earned the right to be called a village. In many cultures and cities were few, with only a small proportion of the population living in them; the Industrial Revolution attracted people in larger numbers to work in factories. This enabled specialization of labor and crafts, development of many trades; the trend of urbanization continues, though not always in connection with industrialization.
Although many patterns of village life have existed, the typical village is small, consisting of 5 to 30 families. Homes were situated together for sociability and defence, land surrounding the living quarters was farmed. Traditional fishing villages were located adjacent to fishing grounds. "The soul of India lives in its villages," declared M. K. Gandhi at the beginning of 20th century. According to the 2011 census of India, 68.84% of Indians live in 640,867 different villages. The size of these villages varies considerably. 236,004 Indian villages have a population of fewer than 500, while 3,976 villages have a population of 10,000+. Most of the villages have their own temple, mosque, or church, depending on the local religious following. In Afghanistan, the village, or deh is the mid-size settlement type in Afghan society, trumping the hamlet or qala, though smaller than the town, or shār. In contrast to the qala, the deh is a bigger settlement which includes a commercial area, while the yet larger shār includes governmental buildings and services such as schools of higher education, basic health care, police stations etc.
Auyl is a Kazakh word meaning "village" in Kazakhstan. According to the 2009 census of Kazakhstan, 42.7% of Kazakhs live in 8172 different villages. To refer to this concept along with the word "auyl" used the Slavic word "selo" in Northern Kazakhstan. People's Republic of China In mainland China, villages 村 are divisions under township Zh:乡 or town Zh:镇. Republic of China In the Republic of China, villages are divisions under townships or county-controlled cities; the village is called a tsuen or cūn under a rural township and a li under an urban township or a county-controlled city. See Li. Japan South Korea In Brunei, villages are the third- and lowest-level subdivisions of Brunei below districts and mukims. A village is locally known by the Malay word kampung, they may be villages in the traditional or anthropological sense but may comprise delineated residential settlements, both rural and urban. The community of a village is headed by a village head. Communal infrastructure for the villagers may include a primary school, a religious school providing ugama or Islamic religious primary education, compulsory for the Muslim pupils in the country, a mosque, a community centre.
In Indonesia, depending on the principles they are administered, villages are called Kampung or Desa. A "Desa" is administered according to traditions and customary law, while a kelurahan is administered along more "modern" principles. Desa are located in rural areas while kelurahan are urban subdivisions. A village head is called kepala desa or lurah. Both are elected by the local community. A desa or kelurahan is the subdivision of a kecamatan, in turn the subdivision of a kabupaten or kota; the same general concept applies all over Indonesia. However, there is some variation among the vast numbers of Austronesian ethnic groups. For instance, in Bali villages have been created by grouping traditional hamlets or banjar, which constitute the basis of Balinese social life. In the Minangkabau area in West Sumatra province, traditional villages are called nagari. In some areas such as Tanah Toraja, elders take; as a general rule and kelurahan are groupings of hamlets. A kampung is defined today as a village in Indonesia.
Kampung is a term used in Malaysia, for "a Malay hamlet or village in a Malay-speaking country". In Malaysia, a kampung is determined as a locality with 10,000 or fewer people. Since historical times, every Malay village came under the leadership of a penghulu, who has the power to hear civil matters in his village. A Malay village contains a "masjid" or "surau", paddy fields and Malay houses on st
Garden City, New York
Garden City is an incorporated village in Nassau County, New York, United States, in the town of Hempstead. It was founded by multi-millionaire Alexander Turney Stewart in 1869, is on Long Island, to the east of New York City, 18.5 miles from midtown Manhattan. The village is located in the Town of Hempstead with a small portion in the Town of North Hempstead; as of the 2010 census, Garden City's population was 22,371. The Garden City name is applied to several other nearby jurisdictions, as well. In the region, hamlets such as Garden City South, Garden City Park, East Garden City are located next to the incorporated village of Garden City, but are not themselves part of it. Roosevelt Field, the shopping center and raceway built on the former airfield from which Charles Lindbergh took off on his landmark 1927 transatlantic flight in the Spirit of St. Louis, is located in East Garden City. Adelphi University's main campus is in Garden City. In 1869, the Irish-born millionaire Alexander Turney Stewart bought a portion of the populated Hempstead Plains.
In a letter, Stewart described his intentions for Garden City: Having been informed that interested parties are circulating statements to the effect that my purpose in desiring to purchase the Hempstead Plains is to devote them to the erection of tenement houses, public charities of a like character, etc. I consider it proper to state that my only object in seeking to acquire these lands is to devote them to the usual purposes for which such lands, so located, should be applied that is, open them by constructing extensive public roads, laying out the lands in parcels for sale to actual settlers, erecting at various points attractive buildings and residences, so that a barren waste may speedily be covered by a population desirable in every respect as neighbour taxpayers and as citizens. In doing this I would be willing to expend several millions of dollars. Parenthetically, the name "Garden City" pre-dates that of the garden city movement, established some years near the end of the nineteenth century.
The central attraction of the new community was the Garden City Hotel, designed by the acclaimed firm of McKim, Mead & White. Although the original structure, as well as that which replaced it at the end of the 19th century, were torn down years ago after a fire, a rebuilt hotel still stands on the original grounds, as do many nearby Victorian homes. Access to Garden City was provided by the Central Railroad of Long Island, another Stewart project which he undertook at the same time; the railroad's Hempstead Branch opened in 1873. Stewart's wife, founded the St. Paul's School for boys, St. Mary's School for girls, a Bishop's Residence and the Gothic Cathedral of the Incarnation, today the center of the Episcopal Diocese of Long Island, as well as the final resting place of Alexander Turney Stewart and Cornelia Stewart; this elaborate memorial was completed in 1885. Mrs. Stewart died the following year. In 2008, the Cathedral of the Incarnation underwent a multimillion-dollar renovation and rehabilitation project, completed in 2012.
Voters selected Mineola to be the county seat for the new county of Nassau in November 1898, winning out over Hicksville and Hempstead. The Garden City Company donated four acres of land for the county buildings just south of the Mineola train station and the present-day village of Mineola, in the town of Hempstead; the land and the buildings have a Mineola postal address, but are within the present-day village of Garden City, which did not incorporate, or set its boundaries, until 1919. The early village did well due to its proximity to Hempstead, at that time the commercial center of Long Island. In time, thanks to the railroad and to automobiles, as well, Garden City’s population increased. In 1910, Page, Co. one of the world's most important publishers, moved its operations, which included its own train station, to Garden City. The Doubleday company purchased much of the land on the west site of Franklin Avenue, built estate homes for many of its executives on Fourth Street. In 1916, company co-founder and Garden City resident Walter Hines Page was named Ambassador to Great Britain.
In 1915, the village of Garden City merged with the village of Garden City Estates to its west. It became an incorporated village in 1919. Garden City’s growth promoted the development of many nearby towns, including Stewart Manor, Garden City Park, Garden City South and East Garden City. In the 1920s, the community continued to grow, with houses built in Garden City Estates as well as the eastern section of Garden City; this development included the Mott Section, developed by the heirs to the Mott's apple juice fortune, spurred by easy access to the now-defunct Long Island Motor Parkway, as well as the establishment of the Doubleday publishing group’s corporate headquarters. Doubleday's headquarters, known as Country Life Press, remained in Garden City until Bertelsmann took over the firm in the mid-1980s; the plant closed in 1988 and has been converted to offices for Bookspan, a media firm owned by Doubleday. In 1927, Charles Lindbergh departed on his famous solo transatlantic flight from Roosevelt Field in East Garden City.
Housing construction slowed after the 1929 stock market crash. But in the 1930s, hundreds of houses were built to accommodate a population boom, though Garden City used a strict zoning code to preserve Stewart’s vision. Alone in central Nassau, the village retained a sense of orderly development, true to its rigorously planned roots. Mitchel Air Force Base, on the far east side of Garden C