Partition of India
The Partition of India was the division of British India in 1947 which accompanied the creation of two independent dominions and Pakistan. The Dominion of India is today the Republic of India and Dominion of Pakistan, the partition involved the division of two provinces and the Punjab, based on district-wise Hindu or Muslim majorities. It involved the division of the British Indian Army, the Royal Indian Navy, the Indian Civil Service, the railways, and the central treasury, between the two new dominions. The partition was set forth in the Indian Independence Act 1947 and resulted in the dissolution of the British Raj, the two self-governing countries of India and Pakistan legally came into existence at midnight on 14–15 August 1947. The violent nature of the created an atmosphere of hostility. The term partition of India does not cover the secession of Bangladesh from Pakistan in 1971, nor the earlier separations of Burma and Ceylon from the administration of British India. It does not cover the incorporation of the enclaves of French India into India during the period 1947–1954, nor the annexation of Goa, other contemporaneous political entities in the region in 1947, Bhutan and The Maldives were unaffected by the partition.
The Hindu elite of Bengal, among many who owned land in East Bengal that was leased out to Muslim peasants. The pervasive protests against Curzons decision took the form predominantly of the Swadeshi campaign led by two-time Congress president, Surendranath Banerjee, sporadically—but flagrantly—the protesters took to political violence that involved attacks on civilians. The violence, was not effective, as most planned attacks were either preempted by the British or failed, the unrest spread from Calcutta to the surrounding regions of Bengal when Calcuttas English-educated students returned home to their villages and towns. Since Calcutta was the capital, both the outrage and the slogan soon became nationally known. In conjunction, they demanded proportional legislative representation reflecting both their status as rulers and their record of cooperating with the British. This led, in December 1906, to the founding of the All-India Muslim League in Dacca, although Curzon, by now, had resigned his position over a dispute with his military chief Lord Kitchener and returned to England, the League was in favour of his partition plan.
In the three decades since that census, Muslim leaders across northern India, had intermittently experienced public animosity from some of the new Hindu political and social groups. In 1905, when Tilak and Lajpat Rai attempted to rise to positions in the Congress. It was not lost on many Muslims, for example, that the rallying cry, World War I would prove to be a watershed in the imperial relationship between Britain and India. Indias international profile would thereby rise and would continue to rise during the 1920s, back in India, especially among the leaders of the Indian National Congress, it would lead to calls for greater self-government for Indians. Secretary of State for India and Viceroy Lord Chelmsford presented a report in July 1918 after a long fact-finding trip through India the previous winter
India, officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by area, the second-most populous country, and it is bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal on the southeast. It shares land borders with Pakistan to the west, China and Bhutan to the northeast, in the Indian Ocean, India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka and the Maldives. Indias Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a border with Thailand. The Indian subcontinent was home to the urban Indus Valley Civilisation of the 3rd millennium BCE, in the following millennium, the oldest scriptures associated with Hinduism began to be composed. Social stratification, based on caste, emerged in the first millennium BCE, early political consolidations took place under the Maurya and Gupta empires, the peninsular Middle Kingdoms influenced cultures as far as southeast Asia. In the medieval era, Zoroastrianism and Islam arrived, much of the north fell to the Delhi sultanate, the south was united under the Vijayanagara Empire.
The economy expanded in the 17th century in the Mughal empire, in the mid-18th century, the subcontinent came under British East India Company rule, and in the mid-19th under British crown rule. A nationalist movement emerged in the late 19th century, which later, under Mahatma Gandhi, was noted for nonviolent resistance, in 2015, the Indian economy was the worlds seventh largest by nominal GDP and third largest by purchasing power parity. Following market-based economic reforms in 1991, India became one of the major economies and is considered a newly industrialised country. However, it continues to face the challenges of poverty, malnutrition, a nuclear weapons state and regional power, it has the third largest standing army in the world and ranks sixth in military expenditure among nations. India is a constitutional republic governed under a parliamentary system. It is a pluralistic and multi-ethnic society and is home to a diversity of wildlife in a variety of protected habitats. The name India is derived from Indus, which originates from the Old Persian word Hindu, the latter term stems from the Sanskrit word Sindhu, which was the historical local appellation for the Indus River.
The ancient Greeks referred to the Indians as Indoi, which translates as The people of the Indus, the geographical term Bharat, which is recognised by the Constitution of India as an official name for the country, is used by many Indian languages in its variations. Scholars believe it to be named after the Vedic tribe of Bharatas in the second millennium B. C. E and it is traditionally associated with the rule of the legendary emperor Bharata. Gaṇarājya is the Sanskrit/Hindi term for republic dating back to the ancient times, hindustan is a Persian name for India dating back to the 3rd century B. C. E. It was introduced into India by the Mughals and widely used since and its meaning varied, referring to a region that encompassed northern India and Pakistan or India in its entirety
Hauz Khas is an affluent neighbourhood in South Delhi, its heart being the historic Hauz Khas Complex. It is centrally located and offers both rural and urban environments and its known as tazim ka chota quila. Hauz Khas is surrounded by Green Park, SDA to the west, Gulmohar Park towards the north, Sarvapriya Vihar towards the south and Asiad Village and Siri Fort) to the east. Hauz Khas is home to various missions such as the ones of Albania, Guinea Bissau, Burundi. Some well-known people like cricketer Virender Sehwag live here, Hauz Khas is named after an ancient water reservoir by the same name, now part of the extensive Hauz Khas Complex. In Urdu language, Hauz’ means “water tank” and ‘Khas’ means “royal”, the large water tank or reservoir was first built by Allauddin Khilji to supply water to the inhabitants of Siri Fort. It was developed during the 1960s by DLF as Hauz Khas Enclave, it was made a district of South Delhi encompassing some more neighbouring areas. Hauz Khasas known, consists of A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, K, L, M, P, Q, R, X, Y, Z Blocks E block is the Main market here and lies in the middle of the colony.
It includes a parking lot. G block and Aurobindo Market are other close by. Mayfair Gardens is an independent small private colony inside Hauz Khas, Hauz Khas has some of the largest green areas in Delhi, namely Deer Park and Rose Garden. It is near to the two hospitals in Delhi, AIIMS and Safdarjung Hospital. Hauz Khas village is a historic habitation around the region of the Hauz Khas Complex and it existed as an urban village at the edge of larger Hauz Khas area, developed by DLF after the 1960s. The village area started getting modernized in mid-1980s when designer boutiques of fashion designer like Bina Ramani, then, in the late 1990s restaurants started coming up in the area, today it has around 40 restaurants, bars and cafes. The success of Hauz Khas village has led to the development of Shahpur Jat and Lado Sarai as fashion, historical Places like the Hauz Khas Complex which consists the Hauz Khas Lake or Royal Tank, a mosque and a tomb, all from the time of the Khilji Dynasty. Neeli Masjid and Chor Minar, where the heads of executed thieves would be put on display in the earlier days, nearby landmarks include Siri Fort Auditorium, Siri Fort Sports Complex, HUDCO Place and Yusuf Sarai Community Centre.
The domestic terminal of Indira Gandhi International Airport is 11 kilometres from Hauz Khas while the terminal is 16 kilometres. Hazrat Nizamuddin railway station lies 8 kilometres away, the Hauz Khas Metro Station is situated towards the Outer Ring Road
Syndicate Bank is one of the oldest and major commercial banks of India. It was founded by T M A Pai, Upendra Pai, at the time of its establishment, the bank was known as Canara Industrial and Banking Syndicate Limited. The bank, along with 13 major commercial banks of India, was nationalised on 19 July 1969, the Bank is headquartered in Manipal, India. The business with a capital of 8000 rupees, T M A Pai, Upendra Pai and Vaman Kudva strove together to set up the bank. The first branch of the bank started its operations in 1925 at Udupi, by 1937, it had secured its membership as a clearing house at Mumbai. The primary objective of the business was to extend the financial assistance to local weavers, the bank collected as low as two annas from the door steps of the depositors daily through its agents. The name of the bank was changed to Syndicate Bank Limited in 1964, the bank expanded its operations not only on the domestic front but overseas. It has a branch in London and the bank manages National Exchange Co.
in Doha, by 1978, it opened its 1000th branch at Hauz Khas, Delhi. Currently it has over 3500 branches and all branches are offering corebanking-e-banking services under anywhere-anytime-anyhow banking, Syndicate Bank has one branch in London, United Kingdom. Syndicate Bank sponsored the first regional bank in India by name Prathama Bank. The stocks of the Syndicate Bank are listed on Bombay Stock Exchange, National Stock Exchange, Mangalore Stock Exchange, Syndicate Bank made a partnership with UNEP to initiate a successful solar loan programme. It is a four-year $75855.6 million effort, launched in April 2003 to help accelerate the market for financing solar home systems in southern India. Presently, the bank is sponsoring 3 RRBs and all are profit making having total business of Rs.42101 crore with 1348 branches as on 31.03.2015, Prathama Bank Karnataka Vikas Grameena Bank Andhra Pragathi Grameena Bank. Recently, Syndicate Bank has achieved a feat of opening one million customer accounts in a span of 3 months.
Public sector lender Syndicate Bank on 31, August,2009 said Vasant Golecha Jain has been appointed as chairman and it has sponsored a regional rural bank in Karnataka called Karnataka Vikas Grameena Bank which stands fourth in India. It has introduced five new products namely SyndDoctor, SyndGranite, SyndTextiles, SyndCashew and SyndTransport on its 88TH FOUNDATION DAY, Bank has been conferred Best Bank Award amongst all the Banks in the RSETI movement by Sri Jairam Ramesh, Hon’ble Minister for Rural Development, Government of India. Bank has been awarded Banking Excellence Award 2013 for the second best public Bank in overall performance by State forum of Bankers Club Kerala, the combinations of Orange, Black & White colours give uniqueness to the Logo. Bank is recruiting around 3000 young officers to replace retiring officers, syndicateBank has eight Field General Managers Offices for administration and business purpose
Mehrauli is a neighbourhood in the South West district of Delhi in India. It represents a constituency in the assembly of Delhi. The area is located close to Gurgaon and next to Vasant Kunj, naresh Yadav of Aam Aadmi Party is the current MLA from Mehrauli. Mehrauli is one of the seven ancient cities that make up the present state of Delhi, prithviraj Chauhan further expanded the fort and called it Qila Rai Pithora. He was defeated and killed in 1192 by Mohammed Ghori, who put his general Qutb-ud-din Aybak in charge, subsequently in 1206, after the death of Mohammed Ghori, Qutubuddin enthroned himself as the first Sultan of Delhi. Thus Delhi became the capital of the Mamluk dynasty of Delhi, Mehrauli remained the capital of the Mamluk dynasty which ruled until 1290. During the Khilji dynasty, the capital shifted to Siri, Mehrauli lies in the South West district of Delhi at 28°30′57″N 77°10′39″E. To its north lies Hauz Khas, Vasant Kunj lies to its West and Tughlakabad to its south. Like the rest of Delhi, Mehrauli has a climate with high variation between summer and winter temperatures.
While the summer temperatures may go up to 46 °C, the winters can seem freezing to people used to a climate with near 0 °C. The soil of Mehrauli consists of sandy loam to loam texture, the water level has gone down in the recent past hovering between 45 m to 50 m due to rise in population. Though Mehrauli is like any ordinary neighbourhood today, its past is what distinguishes it in terms of architecture, ahinsa Sthal is a Jain temple located in Mehrauli, Delhi. The main deity of the temple is Mahavira, the 24th, a magnificent statue of Tirthankara Mahāvīra is installed here. Even though the capital shifted from Mehrauli after the Slave dynasty rule came to an end, the most visible piece of architecture remains the Qutb complex which was initiated by Qutub ud din Aybak with subsequent additions by Iltutmish and Alauddin Khilji. The Qutb complex is today a UNESCO world heritage site, mausoleum of a 13th century, Sufi saint, Khwaja Qutbuddin Bakhtiar Kaki is situated near the Qutub Minar Complex and the venue for the annual Phoolwalon-ki-sair Festival.
The dargah complex houses graves of Mughal emperors, Bahadur Shah I, Shah Alam II, to the left of the dargah, lies Moti Masjid, a small mosque, built for private prayer by the son of Aurangzeb, Bahadur Shah I. Balbans tomb belonging to Balban, Slave dynasty ruler of Delhi Sultanate was constructed here in the 13th century can still be seen though in a dilapidated condition, a baoli or stepwell known as Rajon Ki Baoli was constructed in 1506 during Sikandar Lodhis reign. It was used to store water though it is now completely dried and is now known as Sukhi Baoli, the Jamali Kamali mosque was built in 1528, in honour of the Sufi saint Shaikh Hamid bin Fazlullah, known as Dervish Shaikh Jamali Kamboh Dihlawi or Jalal Khan
The Delhi Metro is a metro system serving Delhi and its satellite cities of Faridabad, Gurgaon and Ghaziabad in National Capital Region in India. Delhi Metro is the worlds 12th largest metro system in terms of length and number of stations. A member of Nova Group of Metros, the network consists of five colour-coded regular lines, the system has a mix of underground, at-grade, and elevated stations using both broad-gauge and standard-gauge. The metro has a daily ridership of 2.661 million passengers. Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Limited, a company with equal equity participation from Government of India and Government of Delhi, built. DMRC operates around 2000 trips daily between 05,30 till 00,00 running with a headway varying between 1–2 minutes and 4–10 minutes, the trains are usually of six and eight-coach. The power output is supplied by 25-kilovolt, 50-hertz alternating current through overhead catenary, planning for the metro started in 1984, when the Delhi Development Authority and the Urban Arts Commission came up with a proposal for developing a multi-modal transport system for the city.
Delhi Metro Rail Corporation was incorporated in May 1995, construction started in 1998, the development of network was divided into phases, Phase I containing 3 lines was completed by 2006, and Phase II in 2011. Phase III is scheduled for completion by 2017, rapid MetroRail Gurgaon which opened in 2013, whilst linked to Delhi Metro by the Yellow Line is a separate metro system, although tokens from the Delhi Metro can be used in its network. The concept of a rapid transit for New Delhi first emerged from a traffic. Over the next years, many official committees by a variety of government departments were commissioned to examine issues related to technology, route alignment. Consequently, traffic congestion and pollution soared, as a number of commuters took to private vehicles with the existing bus system unable to bear the load. Dr. E. Sreedharan handed over the charge as MD, physical construction work on the Delhi Metro started on 1 October 1998. DMRC was given powers to hire people, decide on tenders.
The DMRC consulted the Hong Kong MTRC on rapid transit operation and construction techniques, the first phase of the project was completed in 2006, on budget and almost three years ahead of schedule, an achievement described by Business Week as nothing short of a miracle. On 19 October 2008, a launcher and a part of the overhead Blue Line extension under construction in Laxmi Nagar, East Delhi collapsed. On 12 July 2009, a section of bridge collapsed while it was being erected at Zamrudpur, near East of Kailash, six people died and 15 were injured. The following day, on 13 July 2009, a crane that was removing the debris collapsed, on 22 July 2009, worker at Ashok Park Metro station was killed when a steel beam fell on him
Not to be confused with the Sindi people. Sindhis are an Indo-Aryan ethno-linguistic group who speak the Sindhi language and are native to the Sindh province of Pakistan, Sindhi culture is highly influenced by Sufi doctrines and principles. Some of the cultural icons are Raja Dahir, Shah Abdul Latif Bhitai, Lal Shahbaz Qalandar, Sachal Sarmast. After the partition of India in 1947, most Sindhi Hindus and Sindhi Sikhs migrated to India, according to the 1998 census of Pakistan, Hindus constituted about 8% of the total population of Sindh province. Most of them live in areas such as Karachi, Sukkur. Hyderabad is the largest centre of Sindhi Hindus in Pakistan with 100, the original inhabitants of ancient Sindh were believed to be aboriginal tribes speaking languages of the Indus Valley Civilization around 3300 BC. Moen-jo-Daro is the symbol of Indus Valley Civilization in World, the Indo-Aryans are believed to have founded the Vedic civilization that existed between the Sarasvati River and Ganges river around 1500 BC.
This civilization helped shape subsequent cultures in South Asia, because of its location at one of the more western edges of South Asia, Sindh was one of the earliest regions to be influenced by Islam after 632 AD. Before this period, it was heavily Hindu, and Buddhist, after 632 AD, it was part of the Islamic empires of the Abbasids and Umayyids. Habbari, Samma, Arghun dynasties ruled Sindh, the region received its name, from the River Sindhu. The people living in the region are referred to as Sindhi, the terms Hindi and Hindu are derived from the word Sindh and Sindhu, as the ancient Persians pronounced s as h. India is known as Hindustan and these tribes belong to the same blood line. Among other Sindhi Rajputs are the Bhachos, Bhattis, Mahendros, Lakha, Lohanas, Dahars, Chachar, Rathores, Langah, etc. The Sindhi-Sipahi of Rajasthan and the Sandhai Muslims of Gujarat are communities of Sindhi Rajputs settled in India, closely related to the Sindhi Rajputs are the Jats of Sindh, who are found mainly in the Indus delta region.
However, tribes are of importance in Sindh as compared to in Punjab. Identity in Sindh is mostly based on a common ethnicity, with Sindh’s stable prosperity and its strategic geographical position, it was subject to successive conquests by foreign empires. In 712 A. D. Sindh was incorporated into the Caliphate, the Islamic Empire, Muslim Sindhis tend to follow the Sunni Hanafi fiqh with a substantial minority being Shia Ithna ashariyah. Sufism has left an impact on Sindhi Muslims and this is visible through the numerous Sufi shrines which dot the landscape of Sindh
The Rajasthani people are the native inhabitants of Rajasthan region of India. Their language Rajasthani is a part of the group of Indo-Aryan languages. The first mention of word Rajasthan comes from the works of George Thomas, Rajasthan literally means a Land of Kingdoms. However, western Rajasthan with eastern Gujarat were part of Gurjaratra or Gurjarabhumi, the local dialects of the time use the expression Rājwār, the place or land of kings, corrupted by the British to Rajputana. Although history of Rajasthan goes back as far as Indus Valley Civilization, Western Kshatrapas were rulers of the western part of India. They were successors to the Indo-Scythians who invaded the area of Ujjain and established the Saka era, Saka calendar is used by Rajasthani community and adjoining areas such as Punjab and Haryana. With time their social structures got stronger reorganizations giving birth to several martial sub ethnic groups, Rajasthanis emerged as major merchants during medieval India. Rajasthan was among the important centers of trade with Rome, eastern Mediterranean, Romani people Some claim that Romani people originated in parts of the Rajasthan.
Indian origin was suggested on linguistic grounds as early as 200 years ago, the roma ultimately derives from a form ḍōmba, attested in Classical Sanskrit. Linguistic and genetic evidence indicates the Romanies originated from the Indian subcontinent, contemporary populations sometimes suggested as sharing a close relationship to the Romani are the Dom people of Central Asia and the Banjara of India. The origin of Rajasthanis has largely fallen into oblivion for there are no surviving records from ancient times. Nonetheless. The erstwhile state of Alwar, in north-eastern Rajasthan, is possibly the oldest kingdom in Rajasthan, around 1500 BC, it formed a part of the Matsya territories of Viratnagar encompassing Bharatpur and Karauli. Rajasthani society is a blend of predominantly Hindus with sizable minorities of Muslims and Vaishnavism is followed by majority of the people, Shaktism is followed in the for of Bhavani and her avatars are equally worshiped throughout Rajasthan. Jats are mostly Hindus and Sikhs, Meenas of Rajasthan till date strongly follow Vedic culture which usually includes worship of Bhainroon and Krishna as well as the Durga.
The Rajputs generally worship the Sun, Lord Shiva, Lord Vishnu, the Gurjars worship the Sun God, God Devnarayan, Lord Vishnu, Lord Shiva, and Goddess Bhavani. Historically, the Gurjars were Sun-worshipers and are described as devoted to the feet of the Sun-god, marathi Bhakti movement by Mahanubbavis and Virakaripanthis of Maharashtra had immense influence on the development of Rajasthani Bhakti movement. Meerabai was an important figure during Rajasthani Bhakti movement and they are mainly Meo, Qaimkhani, Muslim Ranghar, Sindhi-Sipahi and Pathans. With the introduction of Islam, many community members converted to Islam and they share lot of socio-ritual elements
The term monument is often applied to buildings or structures that are considered examples of important architectural and/or cultural heritage. Monuments have been created for thousands of years, and they are often the most durable, in more recent times, monumental structures such as the Statue of Liberty and Eiffel Tower have become iconic emblems of modern nation-states. The term monumentality relates to the status and physical presence of a monument. Monuments are frequently used to improve the appearance of a city or location, planned cities such as Washington D. C. New Delhi and Brasília are often built around monuments, for example, the Washington Monuments location was conceived by LEnfant to help organize public space in the city, before it was designed or constructed. Older cities have monuments placed at locations that are important or are sometimes redesigned to focus on one. As Shelley suggested in his famous poem Ozymandias, the purpose of monuments is often to impress or awe. Structures created for purposes that have been made notable by their age.
This can happen because of age and size, as in the case of the Great Wall of China. Monuments are designed to convey historical or political information. They can be used to reinforce the primacy of political power. The social meanings of monuments are rarely fixed and certain and are contested by different social groups. This contention of meaning is a theme of modern post processual archaeological discourse. Until recently, it was customary for archaeologists to study large monuments, New ideas about what constitutes the archaeological record have revealed that certain legislative and theoretical approaches to the subject are too focused on earlier definitions of monuments. An example has been the United Kingdoms Scheduled Ancient Monument laws, recently and more monuments are being preserved digitally through organisations as CyArk. Cenotaphs and other memorials to commemorate the dead, usually war casualties, e. g. India Gate and Vimy Ridge Memorial, or disaster casualties, such as the Titanic Memorial, Belfast.
Church monuments to commemorate the dead, located above or near their grave, often featuring an effigy, often topped with a statue, e. g. Berlin Victory Column, Nelsons Column in London, and Trajans Column in Rome. Gravestones, small monuments to the deceased, placed at their gravesites, e. g. the tombs and vaults of veterans in Les Invalides and tombs to honor the dead, e. g. the Great Pyramid of Giza and Taj Mahal
Vijaya Bank is a fastest growing public sector bank with its corporate office in Bangalore, India. It is one of the banks in India. The bank offers a range of financial products and services to the customers through its various delivery channels. The bank has a network of 1900 branches throughout the country, Vijaya Bank was established by a group of farmers led by Shri. Attavar Balakrishna Shetty on 23 October 1931 in Mangalore in Dakshina Kannada District of Karnataka State, since it was established on the auspicious Vijayadashami Day, it was named Vijaya Bank. The birth of Vijaya Bank in 1931 was preceded by the chaos created out of the Great Depression of 1927–30. The worldwide economic depression had severe impact on the Indian economy, moved by the pitiable conditions of the agriculturists, Shri Attavara Balakrishna Shetty was determined to devise some institutional remedy to annihilate their sufferings. Accordingly, Shri AB Shetty involved 14 Bunts and established Vijaya Bank on 23 October 1931, in the beginning the bank had an authorised capital of Rs.5 lakh and an issued capital of Rs.2 lakh.
The paid up capital was Rs.8670, the bank grew steadily since its inception. The bank became a bank in 1958. Under the chairmanship of ], Vijaya Bank steadily grew into a large All India Bank with 9 smaller banks merging with it during 1963–1968, in 1965, the bank registered its own logo. The banks head office was shifted to Bengaluru on November 11,1969, the bank was nationalised on 15 April 1980. At the time of nationalization, the bank had 571 branches, with a business of Rs.605.95 crore. The present head office building of the Bank at Mahatma Gandhi Road, Bengaluru was inaugurated by the Hon’ble President of India Shri Pranab Kumar Mukherjee on 26 October 1984. The banks total business is over Rs.2,16,000 crore comprising deposits of Rs.1,25,441 crore, basically being a retail bank, its topline growth owes quite a lot to the retail segments. Retail advances of the bank constitute 26% of the gross credit, as on 31 August 2016, the bank had a wide branch network of 1900 branches comprising nearly 395 metro,474 urban,508 semi-urban and 486 rural branches.
Improving the presence and performance under alternative delivery channels, especially internet, the bank has 1651 ATMs as on 31 March 2016. Vijaya Bank provides access to over 2.21 lakh ATMs connected under National Financial Switch across the country, in line with the country’s inclusive growth framework, the Bank has been actively pursuing the agenda of financial inclusion
Gurugram, is a city in the Indian state of Haryana and is located near the National Capital Region of India. It is 32 kilometres southwest of New Delhi and 268 kilometres southwest of Chandigarh, as of 2011, Gurugram had a population of 876,824. Witnessing rapid urbanisation, Gurugram has become a financial and industrial hub with the third highest per capita income in India. The citys economic growth story started when the leading Indian automobile manufacturer Maruti Suzuki India Limited established a plant in Gurugram in the 1970s. Today, Gurugram has local offices for more than 250 Fortune 500 companies, the land came to be known as Gurugram which over time became changed to Gurgaon. The village still exists within the modern day city, on 12 April 2016, Chief Minister of Haryana Manohar Lal Khattar announced a proposal to officially rename the city Gurugram, subject to the approval of the Haryana cabinet and the Union Government. He argued that the new name would help to preserve the heritage of the city by emphasising its history.
On 27 September 2016, Manohar Lal Khattar officially announced that the Union Government had approved the name change, Gurugram was historically inhabited by the Hindu people and in early times, it formed a part of an extensive kingdom ruled over by Rajputs of Yaduvansi or Yadav clan. The Yadav were defeated by Muhammad of Ghor in 1196, under the rule of Feroz Shah Tughlaq, several were converted to Islam. This was followed by the invasion of Timur and the land was ruled by Khanzadas and it was annexed by Babur. During Akbars reign, Gurugram fell within the regions of Delhi. As the Mughal Empire started to decline, the place was torn between contending powers, by 1803 most of it came under the British rule through the treaty of Surji Arjungaon with Sindhia. The town was first occupied by the cavalry unit posted to watch the army of Begum Samru of Sirdhana and it became a part of the district, which was divided into units called parganas. These units were given to petty chiefs for the service rendered by them.
Eventually these units came under control of the British, with the last major administrative change in 1836. After the Revolt of 1857, it was transferred from the North-Western Provinces to Punjab Province, in 1947, Gurgaon became a part of independent India and fell under the Indian state of Punjab. In 1966, the city came under the administration of Haryana with the creation of the new state, Gurugram is located in Gurugram district in the Indian state of Haryana and is situated in the south eastern part of the state, and northern part of the country. The city is located on the border with Delhi with New Delhi to its north east, the city has a total area of 738.8 square kilometres The average land elevation is 217 metres above sea level
State Bank of India
State Bank of India is an Indian multinational, public sector banking and financial services company. It is a corporation with its headquarters in Mumbai, Maharashtra. The company is ranked 232nd on the Fortune Global 500 list of the worlds biggest corporations as of 2016. The bank traces its ancestry to British India, through the Imperial Bank of India, to the founding, in 1806, of the Bank of Calcutta, making it the oldest commercial bank in the Indian subcontinent. Government of India owned the Imperial Bank of India in 1955, with Reserve Bank of India taking a 60% stake, in 2008, the government took over the stake held by the Reserve Bank of India. State Bank of India is a banking behemoth and has 20% market share in deposits and loans among Indian commercial banks. The roots of the State Bank of India lie in the first decade of the 19th century, the Bank of Bengal was one of three Presidency banks, the other two being the Bank of Bombay and the Bank of Madras. All three Presidency banks were incorporated as joint stock companies and were the result of royal charters and these three banks received the exclusive right to issue paper currency till 1861 when, with the Paper Currency Act, the right was taken over by the Government of India.
The Presidency banks amalgamated on 27 January 1921, and the banking entity took as its name Imperial Bank of India. The Imperial Bank of India remained a joint stock company but without Government participation, pursuant to the provisions of the State Bank of India Act of 1955, the Reserve Bank of India, which is Indias central bank, acquired a controlling interest in the Imperial Bank of India. On 1 July 1955, the imperial Bank of India became the State Bank of India, in 2008, the Government of India acquired the Reserve Bank of Indias stake in SBI so as to remove any conflict of interest because the RBI is the countrys banking regulatory authority. In 1959, the government passed the State Bank of India Act and this acquisition was in tune with the first Five Year Plan, which prioritised the development of rural India. The government integrated these banks into the State Bank of India system to expand its rural outreach, in 1963 SBI merged State Bank of Jaipur and State Bank of Bikaner. SBI has acquired local banks in rescues, the first was the Bank of Bihar, which SBI acquired in 1969, together with its 28 branches.
The next year SBI acquired National Bank of Lahore, which had 24 branches, Five years later, in 1975, SBI acquired Krishnaram Baldeo Bank, which had been established in 1916 in Gwalior State, under the patronage of Maharaja Madho Rao Scindia. The bank had been the Dukan Pichadi, a small moneylender, the new banks first manager was Jall N. Broacha, a Parsi. In 1985, SBI acquired the Bank of Cochin in Kerala, SBI was the acquirer as its affiliate, the State Bank of Travancore, already had an extensive network in Kerala. The new logo of the SBI was introduced on 1 October 1971 and was designed by Shekhar Kammat at National Institute of Design, there has been a proposal to merge all the associate banks into SBI to create a mega bank and streamline the groups operations