Malyangapa

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The Malyangapa are an indigenous Australian people who lived in the far western areas of the state of New South Wales.

Language[edit]

The Malyangapa spoke a dialect of the Yarli language.[1]

Country[edit]

Malyangapa country extended over some 5,900 square miles (15,000 km2) with its centre at Milparinka around the head of Yancannie Creek. To the east their tribal boundaries ran to beyond Mount Arrowsmith. The southern boundaries lay around Mootwingee and Sturt Meadow.[2]

Culture[edit]

The Malyangapa practiced circumcision as a rite for males undergoing initiation.[2] In their dreaming lore the primordial creator-figure, rainbow serpent was called kakurra (corresponding to the Ngatyi of the Paakantyi and the akurra of their western neighbours, the Adnyamathanha.[3] They shared close cultural and marriage links with the neighbouring Wanjiwalku.[4]

History of contact[edit]

Reid states that settlement of Malyangapa lands began in 1862/1863, at which time they were thought to number 200. Within the decade this figure dropped by a quarter (150), and after 15 years of contact (1879), Reid estimated only roughly 60 had survived, half of whom were under fourteen. Among these was a remnant of the Ngurunta[5][6][a]

Alternative names[edit]

  • Maljangaba
  • Malya-napa, Mulya-napa, Mulya-nappa
  • Milya-uppa[8]
  • Mullia-arpa, Muliaarpa
  • Malynapa, Malja:pa, Malyapa
  • Maljangaba
  • Nalyanapa. (perhaps a misprint)
  • Malgangara
  • Karikari. (kari means yes)
  • Bulalli, Bulali (meaning 'Hill People')[9]

Some words[edit]

  • talda. (kangaroo)
  • koonoo. (tame dog)
  • urlka. (wild dog)
  • koomarde. (father)
  • armunde.(mother)
  • tootoo. (whiteman)[10]
  • bula (hill)
  • kari (yes).[2]
  • wii (fire/firewood)
  • kalithi (emu)[11]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Tindale cites Morton, with Reid, for the Malyangapa. Both name the tribe as in the locality of Lake Torrowotto, Reid calls the group Milya-uppa and Morton calls them the Mulya-napa, which Tindale considered a variant name for the Malyangapa. Morton reckoned the number in his area at around 1,000 in 1864. Within a decade and a half, their numbers had declined radically, and were estimated in 1880 to amount to 347 persons, ten of whom were half-castes.[7]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Beckett & Hercus 2009a, pp. 2,15.
  2. ^ a b c Tindale 1974.
  3. ^ Beckett & Hercus 2009a, p. 17.
  4. ^ Austin & Hercus 2004, p. 211.
  5. ^ Reid 1886, p. 178.
  6. ^ Tindale 1974, p. 216.
  7. ^ Morton 1886, p. 158.
  8. ^ Reid 1886, pp. 178–180.
  9. ^ Tindale 1974, p. 196.
  10. ^ Morton 1886, p. 160.
  11. ^ Beckett & Hercus 2009b, p. 55.

Sources[edit]