Paris is the capital and most populous city of France. It has an area of 105 square kilometres and a population of 2,229,621 in 2013 within its administrative limits, the agglomeration has grown well beyond the citys administrative limits. By the 17th century, Paris was one of Europes major centres of finance, commerce, fashion, science, and the arts, and it retains that position still today. The aire urbaine de Paris, a measure of area, spans most of the Île-de-France region and has a population of 12,405,426. It is therefore the second largest metropolitan area in the European Union after London, the Metropole of Grand Paris was created in 2016, combining the commune and its nearest suburbs into a single area for economic and environmental co-operation. Grand Paris covers 814 square kilometres and has a population of 7 million persons, the Paris Region had a GDP of €624 billion in 2012, accounting for 30.0 percent of the GDP of France and ranking it as one of the wealthiest regions in Europe. The city is also a rail, highway, and air-transport hub served by two international airports, Paris-Charles de Gaulle and Paris-Orly. Opened in 1900, the subway system, the Paris Métro. It is the second busiest metro system in Europe after Moscow Metro, notably, Paris Gare du Nord is the busiest railway station in the world outside of Japan, with 262 millions passengers in 2015. In 2015, Paris received 22.2 million visitors, making it one of the top tourist destinations. The association football club Paris Saint-Germain and the rugby union club Stade Français are based in Paris, the 80, 000-seat Stade de France, built for the 1998 FIFA World Cup, is located just north of Paris in the neighbouring commune of Saint-Denis. Paris hosts the annual French Open Grand Slam tennis tournament on the red clay of Roland Garros, Paris hosted the 1900 and 1924 Summer Olympics and is bidding to host the 2024 Summer Olympics. The name Paris is derived from its inhabitants, the Celtic Parisii tribe. Thus, though written the same, the name is not related to the Paris of Greek mythology. In the 1860s, the boulevards and streets of Paris were illuminated by 56,000 gas lamps, since the late 19th century, Paris has also been known as Panam in French slang. Inhabitants are known in English as Parisians and in French as Parisiens and they are also pejoratively called Parigots. The Parisii, a sub-tribe of the Celtic Senones, inhabited the Paris area from around the middle of the 3rd century BC. One of the areas major north-south trade routes crossed the Seine on the île de la Cité, this place of land and water trade routes gradually became a town
France, officially the French Republic, is a country with territory in western Europe and several overseas regions and territories. The European, or metropolitan, area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, Overseas France include French Guiana on the South American continent and several island territories in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. France spans 643,801 square kilometres and had a population of almost 67 million people as of January 2017. It is a unitary republic with the capital in Paris. Other major urban centres include Marseille, Lyon, Lille, Nice, Toulouse, during the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. The area was annexed in 51 BC by Rome, which held Gaul until 486, France emerged as a major European power in the Late Middle Ages, with its victory in the Hundred Years War strengthening state-building and political centralisation. During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a colonial empire was established. The 16th century was dominated by civil wars between Catholics and Protestants. France became Europes dominant cultural, political, and military power under Louis XIV, in the 19th century Napoleon took power and established the First French Empire, whose subsequent Napoleonic Wars shaped the course of continental Europe. Following the collapse of the Empire, France endured a succession of governments culminating with the establishment of the French Third Republic in 1870. Following liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was established and later dissolved in the course of the Algerian War, the Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains to this day. Algeria and nearly all the colonies became independent in the 1960s with minimal controversy and typically retained close economic. France has long been a centre of art, science. It hosts Europes fourth-largest number of cultural UNESCO World Heritage Sites and receives around 83 million foreign tourists annually, France is a developed country with the worlds sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP and ninth-largest by purchasing power parity. In terms of household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs well in international rankings of education, health care, life expectancy, France remains a great power in the world, being one of the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council with the power to veto and an official nuclear-weapon state. It is a member state of the European Union and the Eurozone. It is also a member of the Group of 7, North Atlantic Treaty Organization, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, the World Trade Organization, originally applied to the whole Frankish Empire, the name France comes from the Latin Francia, or country of the Franks
Defender (association football)
In the sport of association football, a defender is an outfield player whose primary role is to prevent the opposing team from scoring goals. There are four types of defenders, centre-back, sweeper, full-back, the centre-back and full-back positions are essential in most modern formations. The sweeper and wing-back roles are more specialised for certain formations, a centre-back defends in the area directly in front of the goal, and tries to prevent opposing players, particularly centre-forwards, from scoring. Centre-backs accomplish this by blocking shots, tackling, intercepting passes, contesting headers, with the ball, centre-backs are generally expected to make long and pinpoint passes to their teammates, or to kick unaimed long balls down the field. For example, a clearance is a long unaimed kick intended to move the ball as far as possible from the defenders goal, during normal play, centre-backs are unlikely to score goals. In this case, other defenders or midfielders will temporarily move into the centre-back positions, in the modern game, most teams employ two or three centre-backs in front of the goalkeeper. The 4–2–3–1, 4–3–3, and 4–4–2 formations all use two centre-backs, the sweeper is a more versatile centre-back who sweeps up the ball if an opponent manages to breach the defensive line. This position is more fluid than that of other defenders who man-mark their designated opponents. Because of this, it is referred to as libero. For example, the system of play, used in Italian football in the 1960s. The more modern libero possesses the qualities of the typical libero while being able to expose the opposition during counterattacks. The Fundell-libero has become popular in recent time with the sweeper transitioning to the most advanced forward in an attack. This variation on the position requires great pace and fitness, while rarely seen in professional football, the position has been extensively used in lower leagues. Modern libero sit behind centre-backs as a sweeper before charging through the team to join in the attack, some sweepers move forward and distribute the ball up-field, while others intercept passes and get the ball off the opposition without needing to hurl themselves into tackles. If the sweeper does move up the field to distribute the ball, they will need to make a speedy recovery, in modern football, its usage has been fairly restricted, with few clubs in the biggest leagues using the position. Though it is used in modern football, it remains a highly respected. A recent and successful use of the sweeper was made by Otto Rehhagel, Greeces manager, Rehhagel utilized Traianos Dellas as Greeces sweeper to great success, as Greece surprisingly became European champions. The full-backs take up the wide positions and traditionally stayed in defence at all times
Montpellier Hérault Sport Club is a French association football club based in the city of Montpellier. The original club was founded in 1919, while the current incarnation was founded through a merger in 1974, Montpellier currently plays in Ligue 1, the top level of French football and plays its home matches at the Stade de la Mosson, located within the city. The first team is managed by Frédéric Hantz and captained by defender Hilton, Montpellier was founded under the name Stade Olympique Montpelliérain and played under the name for most of its existence. In 1989, after playing under various names, the changed its name to its current form. Montpellier is one of the members of the first division of French football. Along with Marseille, Rennes, Sochaux and Nice, Montpellier is one of only a few clubs to have played in the inaugural 1932–33 season and is playing in the first division. The club won Ligue 1 for the first time in the 2011–12 season, Montpelliers other honours to date include winning the Coupe de France in 1929 and 1990, and the UEFA Intertoto Cup in 1999. Montpellier is owned by Louis Nicollin, a French entrepreneur, and has been since 1974, the club have produced several famous players in its history, most notably Laurent Blanc, who has served as manager of the France national team. Blanc is also the clubs leading goalscorer. Eric Cantona, Roger Milla, Carlos Valderrama and Olivier Giroud are other players who have played in Montpelliers colours, in 2001, Montpellier introduced a womens team. The city of Montpellier had been in the process of creating a club in the city since 1914, however. Upon its creation, the club mainly engaged in association football, rugby union, athletics, tennis. The clubs headquarters was located at the local Café de Paris and carried the colours of the city, red, the successful merger with VGAL and the acquisition of the clubs players allowed Montpellier to easily adapt in the sport. The club spent its formative years playing mainly in the Division dHonneur Sud-Est, in 1925, the club was managed by Scotsman Victor Gibson. That same year, Montpellier endured an internal crisis after the French Football Federation discovered that the club had been guilty of financial misfeasance, the clubs president was suspended from football for five years and Montpellier were relegated for the first time. The resulting penalties led to the departure of several players, the rebuilding process was immediate as the club returned to the Division dHonneur after one season. In 1929, the club won its first major trophy, the Coupe de France, in the final, Montpellier faced FC Sète and recorded a 2–0 victory courtesy of goals from Auguste Kramer and Edmond Kramer. In July 1930, the National Council of the French Football Federation voted 128–20 in support of professionalism in French football
Grenoble Foot 38
Grenoble Foot 38, commonly referred to as simply GF38, is a French association football club based in Grenoble, a city situated at the foot of the French Alps. The original incarnation of the club was founded in 1892 and, Grenoble currently plays in CFA, the fourth level of French football, after having gone into bankruptcy and relegation to the fifth level of French football in 2011. Grenoble plays its matches at the Stade des Alpes, a recently built complex based in the heart of the city. The team is managed by Jean-Louis Garcia, the club was founded in 1892 as Football Club de Grenoble. In 1997, a merger of Olympique Grenoble Isère and Norcap Olympique led to the Grenoble Foot 38 incarnation, Olympique Grenoble Isère played in Ligue 1 in the 1960–61 and 1962–63 seasons. However, after losing their first eleven games of the season, note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality, below are the notable former players who have represented Grenoble and its predecessors in league and international competition since the clubs foundation in 1997. To appear in the section below, a player must have played in at least 80 official matches for the club, geraldes Bernard Simondi Alain Michel M. Westerloppe A. Michel Thierry Goudet Yvon Pouliquen Mehmed Baždarević Yvon Pouliquen Olivier Saragaglia Jean-Louis Garcia Official website
Proodeftiki F. C. also known simply as Proodeftiki, Proodeftiki Nikaia, Proodeftiki Piraeus or with its full name as A. O. Proodeftiki Neolea, is a football club, part of the major multi-sport club A. O. Proodeftiki Neolea, based in Nikaia, Piraeus - Attica, the club has a longstanding presence in Super League. Have participated so far in the Super League 15 times, founded in 1927, in Palea Kokkinia, which is the older name of Nikaia. Club founded after idea of D. Korrai, N. Vertzopoulos and I. Metaxas, Palea Kokkinia, the older name of Nikaia, inhabited mainly by Greeks and Armenians refugees who inhabited the coast of Asia Minor. The motto of the emblem is the mythical long-lived bird. The colours of the club are crimson and white, the 2006-2007 was one of the worst seasons in the clubs history and would be relegated to the Football League 2. However, due to bankruptcy, relegated to the Greek Fourth Division for first time in clubs history, the stadium was complete in 1937 and its latest refresh done in 2000. It currently has a capacity of 5,500. The football matches between Proodeftiki F. C. and Ionikos F. C. are called «The Derby of Kokkinia» or «The Derby of Nikaia», note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality, oliver Makor Oleh Protasov Stepan Atayan John Yaw Rush Proodeftiki Fansite
Kallithea F. C. is a Greek professional football club based in Kallithea, currently competing in the Football League. The clubs full name is Gymnastikos Syllogos Kallithea, meaning Gymnastic Club of Kallithea, the club was founded on 18 August 1966, from the merger of five local clubs, Esperos, Iraklis, AE Kallitheas, Kallithaikos, and Pyrsos. The five stars in Kallitheas club logo represent the five founding clubs, Kallitheas first season of competitive football was in 1966–67 in the third tier of Greek football. In 1969, the club earned promotion to the second division, in 2002 Kallithea achieved promotion to top flight, for the first time. The first match there in the history was a 1–0 loss to Olympiacos at Georgios Kamaras Stadium. The clubs first win in the competition came on 14 September, after a 9th-place finish in 2004–05, Kallithea was relegated back the following season. In 2006–07 and 2007–08, the club finished 7th and 6th in the second level, Kallithea has reached as far as the quarterfinal stage of the Greek Cup on five occasions, in 1969–70, in 1978–79, in 1986–87, in 2001–02 and in 2009–10. Kallithea plays its matches at Gregoris Lambrakis Stadium in Kallithea. The stadium was built in 1970, and currently has a capacity of 4,250. The ground is referred to by its nickname, El Paso. The site of the used to be a quarry, explaining the tall rock lining the north end of the stadium. Third Division,31976,1993,2010 As of 24 January 2016, note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality
Ethnikos Asteras F.C.
Ethnikos Asteras F. C. the National Star, is a professional football club based in Kaisariani, Athens, Greece, currently competing in Football League 2, the Greek third division. The club, originally named Ethnikos Astir, was founded in 1927 from the merger of Ethnikos and they participated in the Greek first division from 1998 until 2002. Ethnikos Asteras is also known as Asteras FC a name related to the Warriors, the clubs colors are red and white. Nikos Alefantos Spyros Livathinos Armandos Leimanis Official site
AEL Kalloni F.C.
Athlitiki Enosi Lekanopediou Kallonis Football Club, commonly referred to as AEL Kallonis or Kalloni, is a Greek football club, based in Kalloni, Lesbos. They competed in Superleague Greece from 2013 to 2016, the club was established in 1994 after a merger of Arisvaios Kalloni and Apollon Dafia, two clubs that had been based in villages in the wider area of Kalloni, the clubs original seat. In 2002 they promoted in Delta Ethniki but they relegated to local championship of Lesbos, being one of the weakest club of their group and without having any professional contract, they only achieved four wins. The advent of Prokopis Kartalis who had played at Alpha Ethniki as a player of Skoda Xanthi marks the beginning of the course of the club. Kartalis emerged teams top scorer and AEL Kalloni easily won Lesbos local championship, in 2008–09 season, they promoted in Delta Ethniki and, even though outsider, they came close to take the first place. They were placed in a group that also competed Athenian clubs, the winner of the league would be promoted in Football League. Delta Ethniki was abolished in 2013, as it was merged with Football League 2, Apollon Dafias crest depicted ancient god Apollo. The clubs colours were blue and white, the crest of Arisvaios Kalloni were vertical strips in green and white colour, in the center of which were shown two runners. Up and down of strips, the name of the club was appeared, initially, it had been decided the colours of the new club to be green and white. After a malfunction of a printer, the colours were printed in crimson. The executives of the felt that this change would bring luck. There were two variations, the one in blue and white and the other in yellow and blue. A new crest was created in 2011 summer, in the exterior of the circle, the clubs full name is indicated with white letters in blue background. Kalloni uses the Mytilene Municipal Stadium, until then, they used Kostas Kenteris stadium, situated in Kalloni. The stadium was built in 2002 and it had one tier in its west, with a capacity about 900, all-seated. In 2010, when Kalloni promoted to Football League 2, some repairs were made in order to make it appropriate for the proper conduct of matches. In 2009 a secondary field was constructed for training the first team, from 2011–12 season, the Mytilene Municipal Stadium has been made the clubs home, because of the unsuitability of their physical home. As of February 10,2017 Note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules, players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality
Mali national football team
The Mali national football team, nicknamed Les Aigles, is the national team of Mali and is controlled by the Fédération Malienne de Football. They have never qualified for the World Cup finals, Mali were suspended by FIFA on 17 March 2017. Mali reached the 1972 African Nations Cup final, but lost 3–2 to Congo and they failed to qualify for the finals again until 1994 when they reached the semi-finals, an achievement repeated in 2002,2004 and 2012. They played their first World Cup qualifier in 2000, as part of the CAFs qualifiers for the 2002 FIFA World Cup, Mali lost in the preliminary round to Libya. Two years later, the hosted the 2002 Africa Cup of Nations. Malis under-23s team managed to qualify for the 2004 Summer Olympics in Greece, the team coached by Cheick Kone managed to reach the quarter-finals of the Olympic tournament before losing to Italy. In the 2006 FIFA World Cup qualifiers, Mali beat Guinea-Bissau in the prelimaries, in the resulting second round, Mali finished fourth in its group. In March 2005, riots broke out in Bamako after Mali lost a World Cup qualifier to Togo, in the recent 2010 African Nations Cup, Mali made football headlines from coming back 4–0 with 11 minutes left to level 4–4 with Angola. The following players have called up for Mali in the last 12 months. Notes INJ Player withdrew from the due to an injury. RET Player has retired from international football, DEC Player has refused to join the team after the call-up. SUS Suspended from the national team, PRE Preliminary Squad. com Mali Football Courtney, Barrie. Mali – List of International Matches at RSSSF. com