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Man (Middle-earth)

In J. R. R. Tolkien's Middle-earth fiction, such as The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings, the terms Man and Men are humans, whether male or female, in contrast to Elves, Dwarves and other humanoid races. Hobbits were a branch of the lineage of Men; the race of Men in Tolkien's fictional world is the second race of beings, the "younger children", created by the One God, Ilúvatar. Because they awoke at the start of the Years of the Sun, long after the Elves, the elves called them the "afterborn", or in Quenya the Atani, the "Second People". Like Elves, Men first awoke in the East of Middle-earth, spread all over the continent and developing a variety of cultures and ethnicities. Unlike Tolkien's elves, Men are mortal. While working on Lord of the Rings, Tolkien found himself searching for an explanation of the Eddaic names of the Dwarves of Dale that he had chosen to use in The Hobbit. Old Norse was a language. Tolkien, a philologist, with a special interest in Germanic languages, was driven to pretend that the names and phrases of Old English were translated from Rohirric, the language of Rohan, just as the English used in The Shire was translated from Middle-earth's Westron or Common Speech, the Old Norse of Dale was translated from the secret language of the Dwarves, Khuzdul.

With his different races of Men arranged from good in the West to evil in the East, simple in the North and sophisticated in the South, Tolkien had – in the view of John Magoun, writing in the J. R. R. Tolkien Encyclopedia – constructed a "fully expressed moral geography"; the peoples of Middle-earth vary from the hobbits of The Shire in the Northwest, evil "Easterlings" in the East, "imperial sophistication and decadence" in the South. Magoun explains that Gondor is both virtuous, being West, has problems, being South. Although all Men in Tolkien's legendarium are related to one another, there are many different groups with different cultures; the friendly races, on the side of the hobbits in The Lord of the Rings, were the edain, the men who fought on the side of the Elves in the First Age against Morgoth in Beleriand, from whom the Rangers, including Aragorn, were descended. Sandra Ballif Straubhaar notes in the J. R. R. Tolkien Encyclopedia that Faramir, Steward of Gondor, makes an "arrogant" speech, of which he "has cause to repent", classifying the types of Men as seen by the Men of Númenórean origin at the end of the Third Age.

The status of the friendly races has been debated by critics. David Ibata, writing in The Chicago Tribune, asserts that the protagonists in The Lord of the Rings all have fair skin, they are blond-haired and blue-eyed as well. Ibata suggests that having the "good guys" white and their opponents of other races, in both book and film, is uncomfortably close to racism; the theologian Fleming Rutledge states that the leader of the Drúedain, Ghân-buri-Ghân, is treated as a noble savage. Michael N. Stanton writes in the J. R. R. Tolkien Encyclopedia that Hobbits were "a distinctive form of human beings", notes that their speech contains "vestigial elements" which hint that they originated in the North of Middle-earth. Two main races of human adversaries are presented in The Lord of the Rings; these are the Easterlings. The Haradrim were hostile to Gondor, used elephants in war. Tolkien describes them as "swart". Peter Jackson clothes them in long red robes and turbans, has them riding their elephants, giving them the look in Ibata's opinion of "North African or Middle Eastern tribesmen".

Ibata notes that The Two Towers film companion book, The Lord of the Rings: Creatures, describes them as "exotic outlanders" inspired by "12th century Saracen warriors". The Easterlings lived in the vast eastern region of Middle-earth. Tolkien describes them as "slant-eyed". In Peter Jackson's film of The Two Towers, the Easterling soldiers are covered in armour, revealing only their "coal-black eyes" through their helmet's eye-slits. Ibata comments that they look Asian, their headgear recalling both Samurai helmets and conical "Coolie" hats. Ibata suggests that the film's director Peter Jackson may have embodied Tolkien's "racial view of the world". Ibata notes too that in the film the Orcs, a non-human race, look much like "the worst depictions of the Japanese drawn by American and British illustrators during World War II." The scholar Margaret Sinex notes further that Tolkiens' construction of the Easterlings and Southrons draws on centuries of Christian tradition of creating an "imaginary Saracen".

Zakarya Anwar judges that while Tolkien himself was anti-racist, his fantasy writings can be taken the wrong way. Other human adversaries include good men gone wrong. "Men". Tolkien Gateway; the history of Middle-Men of Middle-earth The history of Dark Men of Middle-earth

Daniel Carvalho

Daniel da Silva Carvalho, more known as Daniel Carvalho, is a Brazilian football attacking midfielder for Pelotas. Carvalho started his career in his native state of Rio Grande do Sul at Sport Club Internacional before transferring to CSKA Moscow. In 2005, he became the first foreign player to be named Russian Footballer of the Year by Futbol and Sport-Express. Carvalho's brilliant play during the 2005 UEFA Cup was the key to success of his team, who won the competition, defeating Sporting Lisbon in the Final; this made CSKA the first Russian club to win a UEFA competition. He was Man of the Match in the final, he scored in the 3–1 UEFA Super Cup lost to European Champions Liverpool, but despite this defeat, Carvalho had shown he could cope on the European stage. In November 2007, Carvalho signed a new contract with CSKA until summer 2010, according to CSKA president Yevgeni Giner, with the option of further prolongation and the minimum fee release clause. However, he went on a six-month loan back to SC Internacional in July 2008.

Since he has returned to CSKA and hopes to recapture the form which propelled the Muscovite club to UEFA Cup honours in 2005. On 4 January 2010, Qatari club Al-Arabi Sports Club have signed the Brazilian attacking midfielder from PFC CSKA Moscow. In May 2010, he was signed by Atlético Mineiro, once again returned to Brazil. In March 2013, Carvalho signed for Criciúma. Carvalho's Criciúma contract was cancelled in October 2013. Carvalho went on to retire from professional football, join Brazilian futsal side DC Futsal. On 22 April 2015, Carvalho signed for Brazilian side Botafogo. Carvalho was called up for a friendly between Brazil and Norway on 16 August 2006 for the first time, he started the match and scored on his debut, took part in the following 3–0 defeat of Argentina on 3 September. He scored in the 4–0 win in an unofficial friendly match against Kuwaiti club Al Kuwait on 7 October 2006; as of 8 December 2009 As of 1 April 2009 Internacional Campeonato Gaúcho: 2002, 2003 Copa Sudamericana: 2008CSKA Moscow Russian Premier League: 2005, 2006 Russian Cup: 2004–05, 2005–06, 2008–09 Russian Super Cup: 2004, 2006, 2007, 2009 UEFA Cup: 2004–05Palmeiras Copa do Brasil: 2012Botafogo Campeonato Brasileiro Série B: 2015Goiás Campeonato Goiano: 2016 Brazil U-20FIFA U-20 World Cup: 2003 Footballer of the Year in Russia: 2005 Footballer of the Year in Russia: 2005 In the list of 33 best football players of the championship of Russia: 2005, 2006 2005 UEFA Cup Final: Man of the match Profile at Galo Digital Daniel Carvalho at Daniel Carvalho at Soccerway Daniel Carvalho at ZeroZero

Anesthetic (album)

Anesthetic is the first solo album by American guitarist Mark Morton, released on March 1, 2019 via Spinefarm. The album features guest performances by Jacoby Shaddix of Papa Roach, Myles Kennedy of Alter Bridge, Chuck Billy of Testament, Josh Todd of Buckcherry, Alissa White-Gluz of Arch Enemy, the late Chester Bennington of Linkin Park and Randy Blythe of Lamb of God. According to Morton, he had been writing new material for his solo record for "quite some time". Mark Morton outlined the difference between his solo album and his work with Lamb of God: just a little more rock than the music that I guess I'm more traditionally known for with LAMB OF GOD, kind of like a thrash metal band, extreme metal; the solo project, it kind of digs into my influences in terms of classic blues rock. It's still hard rock, heavy rock, but it's just not quite as LAMB. I guess a little more conventionally arranged, it just kind of explores my love of hard rock music. The songs themselves are collaborations with a pretty extensive list of artists that I admire as a fan or as a friend or both.

I worked with a large number of people. Most LAMB OF GOD albums are done with the band and the producer, so there's six people's input; this album was myself and my producer kind of being the creative directors we had all this input from these amazing artists that we brought into the fold. It's collaborative and dynamic in that sense; the inspiration, I had these rock songs that I was writing on my own just in the course of my songwriting, what I do. I had these songs piling up and accumulating that weren't appropriate to submit as LAMB OF GOD material, but were songs that I thought were worth developing. We took that ball and ran with it." The first single, titled "The Truth Is Dead" was released on December 13, 2018 premiering on Sirius XM Liquid Metal. The song features Morton's Lamb of God bandmate Randy Blythe and Arch Enemy frontwoman Alissa White-Gluz on vocals; the second single off the record, "Cross Off", which features the late Chester Bennington debuted at number 18 on the US Billboard Hard Rock Digital Song Sales with 2,000 downloads and 209,000 streams in its first week.

A music video for "Cross Off" was released on March 5. The video was directed by Roboshobo. Wall of Sound gave the album a 7/10 and stated: "On the one hand he has nabbed some great artists to assist him get this album a release, however I think he has missed the mark on half the tracks by playing along with the Lamb of God playbook too often." Anesthetic on Mark Morton's official website

Henri, Count of Harcourt

Henri de Lorraine, known as Cadet la Perle, was a French nobleman. He was count of Armagnac, count of Brionne and viscount of Marsan, he was the younger son of Charles I, Duke of Elbeuf and his wife Marguerite de Chabot, countess of Charny. He did his first military service at the siege of Prague in November 1620 and because of his bravery he was nicknamed Cadet la Perle by his companions after the pearl he wore in his ear. In France he fought the Protestants and took part in the Siege of La Rochelle and Saint-Jean-d'Angély, he was made a knight in the Order of the Holy Spirit in 1633, Grand Squire of France in 1643 and Seneschal of Burgundy. In 1637 he fought in Piedmont during the Franco-Spanish War, where he defeated a Spanish army superieur in numbers near Chieri, he was in charge of the Siege of Turin, where he took the city after a siege of three months. He fought in Sardinia and Catalonia, where he was named viceroy in 1645. During the Fronde, he remained loyal to the regent-queen Anne of Austria, but clashed with Mazarin, retreated in the Alsace.

He married in February 1639 with Marguerite-Philippe du Cambout, had six children: Armande Henriette, abbess of Soissons. Georges Poull, La maison ducale de Lorraine, 1991 Media related to Henri, Count of Harcourt at Wikimedia Commons

1957 Rugby League World Cup squads

This page list all the four squads which took part to the 1957 Rugby League World Cup. Dick Poole Keith Barnes Brian Carlson Brian Clay Brian Davies Greg Hawick Keith Holman Ken Kearney Ken McCaffery Billy Marsh Ian Moir Kel O'Shea Norm Provan Ray Ritchie Don Schofield Tom Tyquin Alex Watson Harry Wells Coaches: Jean Duhau and René Duffort The French squad was: Coaches: Bill Fallowfield & Hector Elsworth RawsonEric Ashton Billy Boston Alan Davies John Grundy Geoff Gunney Thomas "Tommy" Harris Phil Jackson Lewis Jones Sid Little Tom McKinney Glyn Moses Alan Prescott Ray Price Austin Rhodes Jeff Stevenson Michael "Mick" Sullivan Derek Turner John "Johnny" Whiteley Manager: Keith Blow Coach: Bill Telford 1957 Rugby League World Cup Squads

Awakening Foundation

The Awakening Foundation is a Taiwanese feminist organization aiming to provide the women of Taiwanese society with the resources necessary to combat gender discrimination. Beginning as an offshoot of the gender equality magazine "Awakening Magazine Publishing House", the organization is representative of Taiwan's women's movement that began during the1970s; the goals of the foundation are to mobilize women to participate in the public affairs of Taiwan, lobby for women's rights, advocate for and enforce policies that reduce gender inequality, promote institutional reform, provide resources to women in the community. Following the relocation of the Kuomintang to Taiwan in 1947, the Taiwanese people of the 1970s were subject not only to the martial law of Kuomintang's authoritarian power, but to its ideologies and policies that, though rooted in Confucianism, were misogynistic. However, it was during this decade that the autonomous women's movement, pioneered by Taiwanese feminist Annette Lu, appeared and began to rise in prominence within Taiwanese society.

An associate of Lu's who would gain prominence in the 1980s as a leader of the feminist movement was Lee Yuan-chen. Having lost the custody of her child to her former husband according to the rulings of the Taiwanese family laws, Lee had experienced the gender injustice rampant in Taiwan firsthand; this led to her involvement with the women's movement and the democracy movement, which resulted her friendship with Lu. Thus, in 1982, when Lu faced imprisonment due to her activity in the concurrent democracy movement and other fellow feminists affirmed the strength of their coalition via establishment of the Awakening Publishing House, a magazine focused upon gender equality. From its inception in the 1980s, the Awakening Publishing House magazine was a literary means through which feminists could publish their articles concerning the societal oppression of women; the objective of the magazine was to encourage women to develop their capacities "to take personal responsibility for their economic and emotional independence."

Yet the role of this publication extended beyond its printed product: it served as the driving force of feminist activism within Taiwan during the 1980s. Members of the organization published articles, organized discussions, promoted awareness of gender issues to the Taiwanese public; the success of the magazine throughout the 1980s garnered so much financial support, that in November 1987, only four months following the lifting of the martial law, Awakening Magazine Publishing House was converted into a foundation, that would from on be known as the Awakening Foundation. The Awakening Foundation consists of a Board of an Executive Board; the Board of Trustees is a group of unpaid fifteen to eighteen trustees that are selected by trustees of the foundation. Each Board member serves two years; the Board chooses six to seven paid members as the Executive Board. At its initial establishment, the mission of the Foundation was both to increase funding for the women's movement and to serve as a formal institution and headquarters that would propagate the movement further.

Although the former publishing house had been successful in drawing public attention to the work of many feminists, it failed in winning the active participation of women in lower socioeconomic classes. Recognizing that Foundation was nearly organized by the elite, members focused on distributing the ideas of the feminist movement amongst the masses and calling for an increase in pro-women legislation; the Foundation founded Awakening Associations in several major cities beginning in 1994, thus launching mass membership opportunities. However, the structures of these associations began to deviate from that of the original Foundation. Within these associations and their large followings, each of the members elected officers within the respective cities; this resulted in the current separation of the three institutions as the Awakening Foundation and the Awakening Associations in Taipei and Kaohsiung. To promote the expansion of the gender equality conversation, the Foundation replaced its eponymous monthly magazine in 1995 with Saodong, a quarterly journal that allowed for feminists to discuss women's issues from a variety of perspectives.

"Saodong" differed from the Awakening magazine as the original publication reported upon news related to the feminist movement in Taiwan and around the world. This significant change in nature of their publication was followed by an increase in involvement in legislative action in Taiwan. Beginning in 1995, the Awakening Foundation began to introduce potential legislation pertaining to women's rights. However, as the association was to remain nonpartisan, it placed emphasis on encouraging women to vote in elections from all political standpoints, as to increase the presence of women in the legislative process of Taiwan; the passing of the Gender Equity Education Act in 2004 by the Legislative Yuan is hailed as a significant achievement of the Awakening Foundation. The law required the inclusion of a "gender-balanced curriculum" from kindergarten to twelfth grade and the provision of gender studies in every university in Taiwan; the Act made necessary the establishment of a Gender Equity Education Committee in the Ministry of Education in every city and county government and school and university establishment in Taiwan.

This, along with several other pieces of legislation, mark the political involvement of the organization. Introduced the Gender Equality in Employment Bill in 1989, passed in 2001. Established Fembooks, a bookstore and publishing house for feminist literature, in 1994 Lobbied for and co-wrote th