Interstate 295 (Delaware–Pennsylvania)
Interstate 295 in Delaware, New Jersey, Pennsylvania is an auxiliary Interstate Highway, designated as a bypass around Philadelphia and a partial beltway of Trenton, New Jersey. The route begins at a junction with I-95 south of Wilmington and runs to an interchange with I-95 in Bristol Township, Pennsylvania; the highway heads east from I-95 and crosses the Delaware River from Delaware to New Jersey on the Delaware Memorial Bridge concurrent with U. S. Route 40. Upon entering New Jersey, I-295 splits from the New Jersey Turnpike and US 40, runs parallel to the Turnpike for most of its course in the state. After a concurrency with US 130 in Gloucester County, I-295 has an interchange with I-76 and Route 42 in Camden County; the freeway continues northeast toward Trenton, where it intersects I-195 and Route 29 before bypassing the city to the east and west, crossing the Delaware River on the Scudder Falls Bridge into Pennsylvania. In Pennsylvania, I-295 is signed as an east-west road and heads south to its western terminus at I-95.
Three portions of I-295 predate the Interstate Highway System: the Delaware Memorial Bridge and its approach, built in 1951, a section in Salem County built in 1953, the part concurrent with US 130, built in two sections that opened in 1948 and 1954. The route was designated on these sections in New Jersey in 1958 and in Delaware in 1959; the portion of I-295 connecting to I-95 in Delaware opened in 1963 while most of the route in New Jersey was finished by the 1980s. The part of I-295 near the interchange with I-195 and Route 29 was finished in 1994. I-95 was supposed to continue northeast from just east of exit 72 near Trenton on the proposed Somerset Freeway, but this plan was canceled. I-295 ended in New Jersey at US 1 in Lawrence Township, becoming I-95 heading south into Philadelphia. By July 2018, it was extended along the former I-95 in New Jersey and Bucks County, Pennsylvania to end at I-95 at the Pennsylvania Turnpike, with no access between I-295 and the latter road. I-295 begins at I-95, I-495, US 202, Delaware Route 141 near Newport and heads east over the Delaware River on the Delaware Memorial Bridge into New Jersey.
The highway intersects the southern terminus of the New Jersey Turnpike and runs northeast through suburban areas of South Jersey parallel to the turnpike, providing a bypass of Philadelphia and Camden. I-295 turns north and bypasses Trenton to the east and turns west at the US 1 junction in Lawrence Township; the route heads west around the north side of Trenton and crosses the Delaware River on the Scudder Falls Bridge into Pennsylvania. Here, I-295 becomes an east-west road and heads south to its western terminus at I-95 in Bristol Township; the portion of I-295 running through New Jersey is sometimes referred to as the Camden Freeway by the New Jersey Department of Transportation. As part of the Interstate Highway System, the entire length of I-295 is a part of the National Highway System. I-295 begins at an interchange with I-95, I-495, US 202, DE 141 south of the town of Newport in New Castle County, Delaware; the northbound beginning of I-295 has direct ramps from both directions of I-95, southbound I-495, southbound DE 141, while the southern end of I-295 had direct ramps to both directions of I-95, northbound I-495, northbound DE 141.
From this junction, the highway heads southeast on an eight-lane freeway maintained by the Delaware River and Bay Authority that passes to the northeast of suburban neighborhoods in Wilmington Manor. I-295 passes over the Jack A. Markell Trail and reaches an interchange with US 13/US 40. Here, US 40 splits from US 13 by heading east concurrent with I-295; the road has an eastbound ramp to Landers Lane before it passes between residential neighborhoods and has an interchange with DE 9 north of the city of New Castle. This interchange provides access to Veterans Memorial Park, where a war memorial honoring veterans from Delaware and New Jersey is located. Past DE 9, the median of the freeway widens to include the DRBA headquarters, with direct access to and from the southbound lanes while northbound access is provided by way of DE 9. After this, the southbound direction comes to a toll plaza for the Delaware Memorial Bridge. I-295/US 40 continues east and passes over Norfolk Southern's New Castle Secondary before crossing the Delaware River on the twin-span Delaware Memorial Bridge.
Upon reaching the east bank of the Delaware River, I-295/US 40 enters Pennsville Township in Salem County, New Jersey and heads east-southeast through industrial areas. The freeway comes to an interchange with the southern terminus of US 130 and the western terminus of Route 49, at which point it meets the southern terminus of the New Jersey Turnpike. Here, I-295 splits onto its own freeway maintained by NJDOT while US 40 continues along the New Jersey Turnpike for a short distance before it splits to the southeast. A short distance the roadway enters Carneys Point Township and CR 551 merges onto I-295, with the four-lane freeway heading northeast; the highway comes to a junction with Route 140, where CR 551 splits from I-295 by continuing east along Route 140. I-295 features a rest area in the northbound direction; the freeway continues northeast and comes to a northbound weigh station before it reaches the Route 48 exit. The highway runs through a mix of farmland and woodland and enters Oldmans Township, where it comes to an interchange providing access to CR 643.
I-295 crosses Oldmans Creek into Logan Township in Gloucester County and passes near some residential development and warehouses as it comes to the Center Square Road exit. The road crosses Raccoon Creek and reaches an interchange serving US 322/CR 536. Following this, the
Pretty Little Baka Guy
Pretty Little Baka Guy is a 1986 album by the female Japanese rock trio Shonen Knife. It was re-released in the US with side two being Live In Japan. There have been many releases of this album in various countries over the years, with each release containing different rare tracks. Side One"Making Plans for Bison" "Summertime Boogie" "I Wanna Eat Chocobars" "Public Bath" "Devil House"Side Two"Antonio Baka Guy" "Ice Cream City" "Ah, Singapore" "Riding on the Rocket" "Kappa Extract" "Lazybone" "Ice Cream City" "Baggs" "Kappa Ex" "Antonio Baka Guy" "Spider" "Secret Dance" "I'm A Realist" "Chains" "Suzy Is A Headbanger" "I Wanna Be Your Man" "Riding On The Rocket" "Kappa Ex" "Cherry Bomb"
Shonen Knife is a Japanese pop punk band formed in Osaka, in 1981. Influenced by 1960s girl groups, pop bands, The Beach Boys, early punk rock bands, such as the Ramones, the trio crafts stripped-down songs with simplistic lyrics sung both in Japanese and English. Despite their pop-oriented nature, the trio maintains a distinctly underground garage rock sound rooted in edgy instrumentation and D. I. Y. Aesthetics, which over the course of their long career has earned them a solid, worldwide cult following and made avid fans out of seminal 1990s alternative rock bands such as Sonic Youth and Redd Kross; the band has been credited with making "the international pop underground more international" by "opening it up to bands from Japan". They have performed as a Ramones tribute band under the name The Osaka Ramones. Shonen Knife was formed in December 1981 in Osaka, Japan with sisters guitarist-vocalist Naoko Yamano and drummer Atsuko Yamano and their friend bassist Michie Nakatani. Naoko sang lead and played guitar, Nakatani was a lead singer and played bass and keyboards, Atsuko sang backing vocals, played drums, designed their stage outfits.
The group was something of an anomaly when they started, as they were founded at a time when all-female bands were scarce. Eschewing the then-rising, early J-pop movement, Shonen Knife was influenced by 1970s punk rock and new wave bands such as The Ramones and Buzzcocks, they began to write energetic rock songs with rough, punky instrumentation, all the while embracing a do-it-yourself ethos. However, unlike traditional rebellious punk rockers, the trio emphasized positivity using catchy, upbeat melodies and frivolous, carefree lyrics that dealt with sweets and animals; the group came to describe their music as, "oo-oo-ultra-eccentric-super-cult-punk-pop-band-shonen-knife!" Shonen Knife performed their first gig on March 14, 1982 at Studio One, a club in Osaka, before an audience of 36 who paid 100 yen each. That August, they released their first independent album, Minna Tanoshiku, on cassette. Following their first Tokyo gig at Hosei University, Shonen Knife released their debut album Burning Farm on Zero Records on July 21, 1983.
They contributed to the Zero Record compilation album AURA MUSIC, released on November 15 and included three of their songs: "Watchin' Girl", "Banana Fish", "Parrot Polynesia". Their second album, Yama-no Attchan, was released by Zero on May 25, 1984. Named after drummer Atsuko, the album saw the band growing as musicians; the album was influenced by a broader selection of musical acts, ranging from Motown to heavy metal. Yama-no Attchan maintained their penchant for lighthearted lyrical topics like bike riding and insect collecting. At the end of the year, Shonen Knife contributed "Parrot Polynesia" and "Elephant Pao Pao" to another compilation, Huddle No Trouble, for Balcony Records. By June 1985, the Burning Farm cassette had made its way from its Kyoto imprint to K Records of Olympia, who decided to release the cassette in the United States. A year on June 20, 1986, Shonen Knife released their third album Pretty Little Baka Guy. Four months the album was re-released with three additional live tracks.
While their records had been available in the US through import, in 1986, Shonen Knife's track, "One Day of the Factory", appeared on a Sub Pop 100 compilation. The album was released on November 1986 by the independent record label Sub Pop. Soon after, Shonen Knife began receiving lucrative offers from a range of US labels. By this time, many alternative rock groups had begun citing Shonen Knife as a favorite of theirs, the resulting word-of-mouth created significant exposure for the band. On March 26, 1987, the trio's songs begin receiving spins on BBC radio from the English disc jockey John Peel. After spending some time concentrating on their live performances, they had the opportunity to play with Sonic Youth as guests at the Muse Hall in Shinsaibashi, Osaka. Shonen Knife embarked on their first show abroad, playing at 2nd Coming in Los Angeles with the support of Thurston Moore of Sonic Youth and Jeff and Steven McDonald of Redd Kross. Shonen Knife's popularity with alternative rock musicians was best expressed in 1989, when over twenty different bands came together to record renditions of their favorite Shonen Knife songs for a tribute album entitled Every Band Has a Shonen Knife Who Loves Them.
The trio's international cult following flourished during the early-1990s. After releasing a self-titled compilation album comprising tracks from their first two albums in the US market, the trio began touring America on a somewhat regular basis and released their fourth album 712 on July 1, 1991 in Japan on Nippon Crown; that same July, Sub Pop released "Neon Zebra" as a single in the US. Shortly after, a different version of 712 was released in America by Rockville Records. In August, Shonen Knife was featured on CNN News during its This Week In Japan special. On September 25, Pretty Little Baka Guy was re-released in the US by Tokuma Japan; the 1991 US re-release of the album was coupled with eight live recordings from 1982 and 1990. The trio performed with Fugazi at the Sun Hall in Shinsaibashi, Osaka on November 14. Days the Christmas-themed single "Space Christmas" was released to British and American audiences by Seminal Twang and Rockville Records, respectively, it was in 1991. Cobain had seen them play in LA and had come to enjoy their music: "When I got to see them live, I was transformed into a hysterical nine-year
Alternative rock is a style of rock music that emerged from the independent music underground of the 1980s and became popular in the 1990s. In this instance, the word "alternative" refers to the genre's distinction from mainstream rock music; the term's original meaning was broader, referring to a generation of musicians unified by their collective debt to either the musical style or the independent, DIY ethos of punk rock, which in the late 1970s laid the groundwork for alternative music. At times, "alternative" has been used as a catch-all description for music from underground rock artists that receives mainstream recognition, or for any music, whether rock or not, seen to be descended from punk rock. Alternative rock broadly consists of music that differs in terms of its sound, social context and regional roots. By the end of the 1980s, magazines and zines, college radio airplay, word of mouth had increased the prominence and highlighted the diversity of alternative rock, helping to define a number of distinct styles such as noise pop, indie rock and shoegaze.
Most of these subgenres had achieved minor mainstream notice and a few bands representing them, such as Hüsker Dü and R. E. M. had signed to major labels. But most alternative bands' commercial success was limited in comparison to other genres of rock and pop music at the time, most acts remained signed to independent labels and received little attention from mainstream radio, television, or newspapers. With the breakthrough of Nirvana and the popularity of the grunge and Britpop movements in the 1990s, alternative rock entered the musical mainstream and many alternative bands became successful. In the past, popular music tastes were dictated by music executives within large entertainment corporations. Record companies signed contracts with those entertainers who were thought to become the most popular, therefore who could generate the most sales; these bands were able to record their songs in expensive studios, their works sold through record store chains that were owned by the entertainment corporations.
The record companies worked with radio and television companies to get the most exposure for their artists. The people making the decisions were business people dealing with music as a product, those bands who were not making the expected sales figures were excluded from this system. Before the term alternative rock came into common usage around 1990, the sort of music to which it refers was known by a variety of terms. In 1979, Terry Tolkin used the term Alternative Music to describe the groups. In 1979 Dallas radio station KZEW had a late night new wave show entitled "Rock and Roll Alternative". "College rock" was used in the United States to describe the music during the 1980s due to its links to the college radio circuit and the tastes of college students. In the United Kingdom, dozens of small do it yourself record labels emerged as a result of the punk subculture. According to the founder of one of these labels, Cherry Red, NME and Sounds magazines published charts based on small record stores called "Alternative Charts".
The first national chart based on distribution called the Indie Chart was published in January 1980. At the time, the term indie was used to describe independently distributed records. By 1985, indie' had come to mean a particular genre, or group of subgenres, rather than distribution status; the use of the term alternative to describe rock music originated around the mid-1980s. Individuals who worked as DJs and promoters during the 1980s claim the term originates from American FM radio of the 1970s, which served as a progressive alternative to top 40 radio formats by featuring longer songs and giving DJs more freedom in song selection. According to one former DJ and promoter, "Somehow this term'alternative' got rediscovered and heisted by college radio people during the 80s who applied it to new post-punk, indie, or underground-whatever music". At first the term referred to intentionally non–mainstream rock acts that were not influenced by "heavy metal ballads, rarefied new wave" and "high-energy dance anthems".
Usage of the term would broaden to include new wave, punk rock, post-punk, "college"/"indie" rock, all found on the American "commercial alternative" radio stations of the time such as Los Angeles' KROQ-FM. Journalist Jim Gerr wrote that Alternative encompassed variants such as "rap, trash and industrial". In December 1991, Spin magazine noted: "this year, for the first time, it became resoundingly clear that what has been considered alternative rock – a college-centered marketing group with lucrative, if limited, potential- has in fact moved into the mainstream"; the bill of the first Lollapalooza, an itinerant festival in North America conceived by Jane's Addiction frontman Perry Farrell, reunited "disparate elements of the alternative rock community" including Henry Rollins, Butthole Surfers, Ice-T, Nine Inch Nails and the Banshees and Jane's Addiction. That same year, Farrell coined the term Alternative Nation. In the late 1990s, the definition again became more specific. In 1997, Neil Strauss of The New York Times defined alternative rock as "hard-edged rock distinguished by brittle,'70s-inspired guitar riffing and singers agonizing over their problems until they take on epic proportions".
Defining music as alt
Overdrive (Shonen Knife album)
Overdrive is the 19th studio album by pop punk trio Shonen Knife. It was released on April 14, 2014 in Europe, on April 16, 2014 in Japan. According to band leader Naoko Yamano, because their album Free Time was influenced by punk rock, Pop Tune had explored a more pop-oriented sound, Overdrive was a chance for the band to explore a more hard rock sound; the album's lyrics cover a wide array of topics, from green tea, fortune cookies, cats. The CD album artwork was created by Masahiko Ohno; the album received moderately positive reviews from critics, with many applauding the band's dabbling in more harder rock, whereas others were critical of its musical and lyrical simplicity. While Shonen Knife's usual sound is Ramones-inspired pop punk, the band branched out musically and listened to harder rock bands for Overdrive, such as such as Bad Company, Black Sabbath, Deep Purple, The Doobie Brothers, Judas Priest, Thin Lizzy, ZZ Top—for inspiration. IAmTunedUp.com described the album's sound as a combination of "edgy guitar riffs with psychedelic 70s-esque enchanting nostalgia".
Naoko Yamano reasoned that because Free Time was influenced by punk rock, Pop Tune explored a more pop-oriented sound, Overdrive represented an opportunity for the band to explore harder rock. Because of the band's exploration, the album's name references the overdrive pedal, which, in Yamano's mind, conjured up images of 1970s rock music. In an interview with 100PercentRock.com, Yamano explained that her process for writing and recording has not changed since the band's early days: "I’m lazy and I don’t start writing songs until we book recording studio, but once we booked the studio, I can write songs with concentration. I send my demo to our members and we rehearse. At the recording studio, we start to record from basic tracks overdub." On this album, every member of the band sings a unique song about a food item. The first song was inspired by Yamano fondness for eating a fortune cookie after a meal of Chinese food in America. "Ramen Rock" was inspired by Taneda's habit of eating ramen after every show.
As for "Green Tea", Yamano asked Morimoto to sing the song because she is from Kyoto, known for its green tea. Other lyrical themes include on the album include tennis in "Jet Shot", cats in "Like a Cat". Regarding the former, Yamano expressed in an interview that she had always wanted to sing about tennis, but felt that the topic did not fit well with the style of the band's music, she revisited this opinion after watching a tennis match on television in which the announcer referred to a move made by Kei Nishikori as a "great jet shot". Yamano was struck by the phrase, used it as inspiration for a song about wanting to be a more aggressive tennis player. "Like a Cat" joins the long canon of Shonen Knife songs about cats. Yamano explained, "I just like cats. Dogs are sometimes too earnest, but cats are so free." The band released a music video for the song, featuring cat videos submitted by their fans the world over. For the non-Japan releases of the album, all songs were recorded with English lyrics.
However, for the domestic release of the album, "Dance to the Rock", "Shopping", "Like a Cat" were recorded with Japanese lyrics. Overdrive received moderately positive reviews from critics. NME awarded the album 7 out of 10 stars, with reviewer Stuart Huggett arguing that the album contained "personal and political lyrics far smarter than Shonen Knife’s cartoon image suggests." Zachary Houle of Pop Matters awarded the album six out of ten stars, mused that Shonen Knife's fusing of punk and classic rock on the album "somehow work". Houle, was critical of the band's penchant for bordering on copying other artists' music. Mark Deming of AllMusic awarded the album three out of five stars, commenting on the band's musical shift. Deming complimented the charm of the album, but criticized Yamano's lyrics as "run-of-the-mill", ill-fitting the change in musical direction; the site selected "Black Crow", "Ramen Rock", "Green Tea" as album highlights. Joe Goggins of Drowned in Sound awarded the album 6 out of 10 stars, complimented the band for managing to release nineteen studio albums.
However, he was critical of the "derivative" nature of the band's sound, as well as their "one-dimensional guitar playing and unrelentingly trivial lyrics". Shonen Knife's official website Shonen Knife discography at Discogs Damnably Records Website Good Charamel Records website
Pop Tune is the 18th studio album by pop-punk trio Shonen Knife. It was released in Japan on June 6, 2012, in early June in the U. S. U. K. and Europe. Along with lead guitar and main vocalist Naoko, the group's bassist, provides the lead vocals for the song "Sunshine" and drummer Emi is the lead vocalist for the song "Psychedelic Life". "Osaka Rock City" was used as the theme song for the 2013 Japanese film Soul Flower Train. "Welcome to the Rock Club" "Pop Tune" "Osaka Rock City" "All You Can Eat" "Paper Clip" "Psychedelic Life" "Mr. J" "Ghost Train" "Sunshine" "Move On"
Naoko Yamano is a musician and founder of the Japanese rock trio all-female band Shonen Knife. Naoko formed Shonen Knife in December 1981 in Osaka, Japan with her sister Atsuko Yamano and her friend Michie Nakatani. Naoko and Michie had developed a friendship while attending college together. After they graduated, they began working at different companies but soon came to be bored with the mundaneness of corporate life. Since they all loved music, the three decided to play music together just for the fun of it. Naoko sang lead and played guitar, Nakatani was a lead singer and played bass and keyboards, Atsuko sang backup, played drums, designed their stage outfits. With the departure of Nakatani and Atsuko relegated to part-time duty due to marriage, Naoko stands as the only remaining member of the original lineup, her musical preference leans towards 1970s hard rock and heavy metal such as Kiss, Judas Priest, Iron Maiden, Motörhead, Black Sabbath as well as 1960s pop groups and punk rock bands such as The Beatles, Strawberry Alarm Clock and The Ramones.
Shonen Knife Biography From Naoko Blog