Alvarães is a municipality located in the Brazilian state of Amazonas. Its population was 15,546 and its area is 5,912 km²; the municipality contains about 37% of the Tefé National Forest, created in 1989
Parintins is a municipality in the far east of the Amazonas state, Brazil. It is part of a microregion named Parintins; the population for the entire municipality was 109,150 and its area is 5,952 km². The city is located on Tupinambarana island in the Amazon River. Parintins is known for a popular folklore festival held there each June called Boi-Bumbá, it was the site of an experimental deployment of WiMAX, sponsored by Intel, in late 2006. It is served by Júlio Belém Airport. Parintins, like nearly all other Brazilian municipalities, was inhabited by indigenous peoples, his discovery occurred in 1749 when going down the Amazon River, the exploiter José Gonçalves da Fonseca, noticed an island which, by extension excelled located on the right bank of the big river Amazon. The foundation of the town was only held in 1796, by José Pedro Cordovil, who came with his slaves and aggregates to concentrate on fishing arapaima and agriculture, calling the Tupinambarana. Queen Maria First gave him the island as a gift.
Fixed, he founded a cocoa tree farm, dedicated to the farming of that product on a large scale. To get out of there, some time offered the island to the queen. Tupinambarana was accepted and elevated to the religious mission, in 1803, by Captain-mor of Pará, the Count of Arcos, who has directed mission of the Friar José das Chagas, receiving the title of Vila Nova da Rainha. Efficient performance of José provoked a surge of progress and development in the town, by the organization of the region of the upper Amazon. In July 1833 the village was transformed into a parish, with the name of the parish of Nossa Senhora do Carmo of Tupinambarana. Was still a simple parish when started a revolution in Grão-Pará, spread throughout the province amazonian; the Vicar, father Antônio de Souza Neto, it's had outstanding performance during the sedition, served as a delegate against the revolutionaries in the lower Amazon River. Parintins maybe because was well defended, was spared the attacks of the night.
On 24 October 1848, by the provincial law of Great-Para n° 146, elevated the town to the category of the village, with the name of Vila Bela Imperatriz, constituted in the municipality until connected the Maués. On day 15 October 1852, now in the province of Amazonas, by provincial law number two confirmed the creation of the municipality. Official on 14 March 1853 the installation of the city renamed for Parintins in 1880, honoring to the name of the tribe that inhabited the place before your foundation. Municipality of Parintins is located in the state of Amazonas, is the second largest city in the state in numbers of inhabitants after Manaus, their distance is 369 km from the capital of Amazonas and 1757.62 km in straight line from Brasilia, the municipality is famous within the Brazil due the folk festival which takes place in June each year in town showing a bit of the indigenous Amazonian handicraft in your presentations, is located on the right bank of the Amazon River, in addition to serving as a trading post for the disposal of agricultural production of the Madeira River ongoing for to the Atlantic Ocean.
There are two important district for city, the District of Mocambo and the District of Vila Amazonia. Climate is tropical monsoon climate, with the driest quarter in July to September; the average annual temperature is 27.2 °C with the maximum thermal average 31.7 °C and the minimum average 24.3 °C. The hottest month is October, which has an average temperature of 28.5 °C, this month, the average of 33.7 °C maximum and minimum 24.7 °C. The relative humidity is 83.5%, with an annual rainfall of 2302.2 millimeters, with March the most precipitation, annual insolation of 2 200 hours with a major record in the month of August. According to data from the National Institute of meteorology, for the period of 1967 to 1990 and from 1993, the lowest temperature recorded in Parintins was 12.9 °C on January 2, 1975 and the biggest hit 39 degrees Celsius on 7 January 1998. The highest accumulated rainfall in 24 hours was 173 mm on 29 November 1972. In March 1999 it was observed the greatest total volume of rain accumulated in a month of 773.3 mm, followed by 709.2 mm in January 2013.
Olinda, Brazil Manaus, Brazil Istanbul, Turkey Montgomery, United States Nairobi, Kenya Luxor, Egypt
Rio Negro (Amazon)
The Rio Negro is the largest left tributary of the Amazon River, the largest blackwater river in the world, one of the world's ten largest rivers by average discharge. The source of the Rio Negro lies in Colombia, in the Department of Guainía where the river is known as Guainía River; the young river flows in an east-northeasterly direction through the Puinawai National Reserve, passing several small indigenous settlements on its way, such as Cuarinuma, Santa Rosa and Tabaquén. After 400 km the river starts forming the border between Colombia's Department of Guainía and Venezuela's Amazonas State. After passing the Colombian community of Tonina and Macanal the river turns Southwest. Maroa is the first Venezuelan town. 120 km further downstream the river receives the Casiquiare canal from the right-hand, forming a unique link between the Orinoco and the Amazon river basin. Henceforth the river is called Rio Negro; the river now continues in a southeastern direction passing the Venezuelan town of San Carlos de Río Negro, its largest settlement on the river, Colombia's San Felipe.
In this stretch the river is fed with tributaries from both sides, it grows in size creating large river islands, a common feature for all rivers in the Amazon basin. After forming the border between Colombia and Venezuela for 260 km the Rio Negro reaches the Piedra del Cocuy, an igneous rock formation from the Precambrian era, belonging to the Guyana Shield. Here the Tripoint of Colombia and Brazil is found in the middle of the river and it now enters Amazonas State, Brazil. After passing Cucuí, the river continues south, only temporarily turning west for several kilometers. In Missão Boa Vista the Içana River joins the Rio Negro and in São Joaquim the Uaupes River, the largest tributary of the Rio Negro enters from the right hand side; the Rio Negro now turns markedly towards the east, forming several rapids and small islets on its way. It passes Sao Gabriel da Cachoeira an important commercial city. After several more rapids and imposing views of the Adormecida mountain chain the river leaves the Guyana shield it traversed in its upper and middle course.
After the Marié River enters the Rio Negro the river continues its eastward course forming many large islands and becoming wide at several locations. It passes. During the wet season, the river floods the country far and wide here, sometimes to a width of 30 kilometres, for long distances. During this season, from April until October, it is a succession of lagoons, full of long islands and intricate channels with a lot of water wildlife. Near Carvoeiro the last major tributary of the Rio Negro, the Branco River joins the Rio Negro and the river temporarily forms the border between the state of Roraima and Amazonas State, Brazil; the river now takes a more southeastern course, becoming again wide in many stretches before reaching the biggest city on its course Manaus. The Anavilhanas National Park, a 350,018 hectares conservation unit, an ecological station created in 1981, protects part of the Anavilhanas river archipelago in this part of the river. Below the archipelago it meets the Solimões River to form the Amazon River, creating a phenomenon known as the Meeting of Waters.
The river was named by the Spanish explorer Francisco de Orellana, who first came upon it in 1541. By the middle of the 17th century, Jesuits had settled along its banks in the midst of numerous tribes: Manau, Aruák, Trumá Indians. After 1700 slaving along the river was common, Native American populations were diminished after contact with Eurasian diseases. While the name Rio Negro means Black River, its waters are similar in color to strong tea, typical of blackwater rivers; the dark color comes from humic acid due to an incomplete breakdown of phenol-containing vegetation from sandy clearings. The river was named. Much has been written on the productivity of the Rio Negro and other blackwater rivers; the older idea that these are "hunger rivers" is giving way, with new research, to the recognition that the Rio Negro, for example, supports a large fishing industry and has numerous turtle beaches. If explorers did not find many Indians along the Rio Negro during the 17th century, it is that their populations were reduced because of new infectious diseases and warfare rather than low river productivity.
Rio Negro has a high species richness. About 700 fish species have been documented in the river basin, it is estimated that the total is 800–900 fish species, including 100 endemics and several undescribed species. Among these are many that are important in the aquarium trade, including the cardinal tetra; as a result of the Casiquiare canal, many aquatic species are found both in the Rio Negro and Orinoco. Because the Casiquiare includes both blackwater and clear- to whitewater sections, only adaptable species are able to pass through it between the two river systems. Goulding, M. Carvalho, M. L. & Ferreira, E. J. G.. Rio Negro, Rich Life in Poor Water: Amazonian Diversity and Foodchain Ecology as seen through Fish Communities; the Hague: SPB Academic Publishing. ISBN 90-5103-016-9 Saint-Paul, U. Berger, U. Zuanon, J. Villacorta Correa, M. A. García, M. Fabré, N. N. et al.. "Fish communities in central Amazonian white- and blackwater floodplains," Environmental Biology of Fishes, 57, 235-250. Sioli, H..
"Beiträge zur regionalen Limnologie des Amazonasgebietes. III. Über einige Gewässer des oberen Rio Negr
Municipalities of Brazil
The municipalities of Brazil are administrative divisions of the Brazilian states. At present, Brazil has 5,570 municipalities, making the average municipality population 34,361; the average state in Brazil has 214 municipalities. Roraima is the least subdivided state, with 15 municipalities, while Minas Gerais is the most subdivided state, with 853; the Federal District cannot be divided into municipalities, according to the Brazilian Constitution, the Federal District assumes the same constitutional and legal powers and obligations of the states and municipalities, instead, it is divided by administrative regions. The 1988 Brazilian Constitution treats the municipalities as parts of the Federation and not dependent subdivisions of the states; each municipality has an autonomous local government, comprising a mayor and a legislative body called municipal chamber. Both the local government and the legislative body are directly elected by the population every four years; these elections take place at the same time all over the country.
Each municipality has the constitutional power to approve its own laws, as well as collecting taxes and receiving funds from the state and federal governments. However, municipal governments have no judicial power, courts are only organised at the state or federal level. A subdivision of the state judiciary, or comarca, can either correspond to an individual municipality or encompass several municipalities; the seat of the municipal administration is a nominated city, with no specification in the law about the minimum population, area or facilities. The city always has the same name as the municipality. Municipalities can be subdivided, only for administrative purposes, into districts. Other populated sites with no legal effect or regulation. All municipalities are subdivided into neighbourhoods, although most municipalities do not define their neighbourhood limits. Municipalities can be split or merged to form new municipalities within the borders of the state, if the population of the involved municipalities expresses a desire to do so in a plebiscite.
However, these must abide by the Brazilian Constitution, forming exclaves or seceding from the state or union is expressly forbidden. Municipalities of Acre Municipalities of Alagoas Municipalities of Amapá Municipalities of Amazonas Municipalities of Bahia Municipalities of Ceará Municipalities of Espírito Santo Municipalities of Goiás Municipalities of Maranhão Municipalities of Mato Grosso Municipalities of Mato Grosso do Sul Municipalities of Minas Gerais Municipalities of Pará Municipalities of Paraíba Municipalities of Paraná Municipalities of Pernambuco Municipalities of Piauí Municipalities of Rio de Janeiro Municipalities of Rio Grande do Norte Municipalities of Rio Grande do Sul Municipalities of Rondônia Municipalities of Roraima Municipalities of Santa Catarina Municipalities of São Paulo Municipalities of Sergipe Municipalities of Tocantins Lists of cities List of largest cities in Brazil List of municipalities of Brazil Administrative region Map on the World Gazetteer at Archive.today Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics
Rio Preto da Eva
Rio Preto da Eva is a municipality located just east of Manaus in the Brazilian state of Amazonas. Its population was 24,283 and its area is 5,813 square kilometres; the municipality contains most of the Biological Dynamics of Forest Fragments Project Area of Relevant Ecological Interest, created in 1985. The municipality contains the 27,342 hectares Rio Urubu State Forest, created in 2003
Nhamundá is the easternmost municipality in the Brazilian state of Amazonas. Its population was 18,198 and its area is 14,106 km²
Solimões is the name given to upper stretches of the Amazon River in Brazil from its confluence with the Rio Negro upstream to the border of Peru. At the confluence, the river is by far the largest river in the world though its two largest tributaries have not yet entered; the Solimões portion of the Amazon river lies in the State of Amazonas and some portion of the state is referred to as the "Solimões region". The ecoregion of the Solimões river drainage basin is tropical rainforest; the name Solimões is confined to Brazilian Portuguese usage. A nation of aborigines called Soriman corrupted into Solimao and Soliemoens imparted the name to this river and region. Marañón River List of rivers of Amazonas Pacific Island Travel.com: description of Solimões River Bartlby.com: Amazon River in Peru and Brazil