Wigan Wallgate railway station
Wigan Wallgate railway station is one of two railway stations serving the town centre of Wigan in Greater Manchester, England. The station serves the Manchester-Southport Line and the Manchester-Kirkby Line, it is 16 miles north-west of Manchester Victoria. The station is managed by Northern. Wigan's other main station is Wigan North Western, about 110 yards away, on the opposite side of the street named Wallgate. There are three platforms, two through platforms and one bay platform for trains departing towards Southport or Kirkby. Platforms are below street level and reached via a flight of stairs from the street level concourse which contains a ticket office and a newsagent. However, a goods lift has been modified for passenger use to ensure step-free access to the platform; the ticket office is manned all week, from 06:00 to 21:00 Monday to Saturday and from 08:00 to 20:00 on Sundays. Automated ticket barriers are in operation. Train running information is provided via digital display screens, timetable posters and automated announcements.
Toilets and a waiting room are available at platform level. 1848 The Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway opened the line between Liverpool and Lostock Junction on 20 November 1848. The original L&YR station at Wigan was located east of the current station, closer to the London & North Western Railway station; the early train services on the line ran to Liverpool, Bolton and Manchester. 1855 The railway opened between Wigan and Southport on 9 April 1855. Wigan's L&YR station was relocated to a position west of where Wallgate station is today. 1868 The L&YR introduced a passenger service on 14 September 1868 between Wigan L&YR station and Chorley, using a newly opened route from Hindley to Blackrod, near Horwich. On 1 November 1869, the Chorley trains were extended to Blackburn; the L&NWR ran a competing service from Wigan L&NWR via Boar's Head, which shared the same route from Adlington onwards to Blackburn. 1888 On 1 October 1888, the L&YR opened a new line from Pendleton in Salford via Atherton to Hindley.
This provided a faster, more direct route for trains from Manchester and avoided the busy bottleneck around Bolton station. The L&YR introduced fast, regular trains between Manchester Victoria and Liverpool Exchange, in direct competition with the L&NWR which used the more direct route between Manchester Exchange and Liverpool Lime Street. 1889 A bypass line opened on 1 June 1889 between Hindley and Pemberton, passing to the south of Wigan. This allowed a faster journey for the L&YR's Manchester – Liverpool expresses by avoiding Wigan station. Express trains from Liverpool continued to serve Wigan on the route to Bury and West Yorkshire; the by-pass line was used by freight trains to and from Liverpool Docks, which benefited by avoiding the Wigan L&YR station area. 1896 The L&YR opened its Wigan station on its current site on 2 February 1896. The railway company had received extensive criticism regarding the standard of its station and facilities since it opened the line through the town in 1848.
In 1896 Wigan received a railway station in line with the town's size and importance. 1924 Renamed from "Wigan" to "Wigan Wallgate" on 2 June 1924. 1960 Passenger trains between Wigan Wallgate and Blackburn via Hindley were withdrawn on 4 January 1960. 1968 The last steam trains ran on British Railways and by this time most services through Wigan Wallgate had been converted to diesel multiple unit operation. The steam loco depot just west of Wallgate was closed and the sidings converted for stabling of DMUs; the 1965 British Rail timetable still shows express trains bypassing Wigan Wallgate. 1969 The direct line from Hindley to Pemberton was closed on 14 July 1969 and all Manchester to Liverpool Exchange trains were routed through Wallgate. 1970 The line from Bolton to Rochdale via Bury was closed on 5 October 1970. Trains from Liverpool now terminated at Bolton. Southport trains provided the main service to and from Manchester Victoria. 1977 On 30 April 1977, the former L&YR terminus at Liverpool Exchange was closed.
Trains were re-routed onto a new underground line beneath Liverpool city centre to Moorfields and Liverpool Central. Since diesel multiple units could not operate in the tunnels, trains from the Wigan line terminated at Sandhills, with passengers transferring to or from electric trains on the Southport or Ormskirk lines for the short trip into Liverpool city centre. 1977 During the early and mid-1970s, the frequency of British Rail's trains from Wigan Wallgate was reduced. Services operated at irregular intervals, those from the Liverpool line ran only as far as Wigan or Bolton and there were no off-peak trains on the Atherton line. In May 1977, the train service was improved under the financial sponsorship of Greater Manchester PTE. GMPTE subsidised BR to operate a regular interval timetable throughout the day, including stopping trains via the Atherton line; the improved frequency resulted in an increase in off-peak passenger numbers. 1978 The trains to Liverpool were cut back to Kirkby. This happened when Merseyrail completed electrification of the western section of line between Liverpool and Kirkby.
The diesel train from Wigan was scheduled to meet an electric train from Liverpool at Kirkby and passengers transfer trains to complete their journeys. This arrangement continues at Kirkby today. 1978 The Victorian-era buildings on the station platform at Wa
North West England
North West England, one of nine official regions of England, consists of the five counties of Cheshire, Greater Manchester and Merseyside. The North West had a population of 7,052,000 in 2011, it is the third-most populated region in the United Kingdom after the South Greater London. The largest settlements are Manchester, Warrington and Blackpool. North West England is bounded to the west by the Irish Sea; the region extends from the Scottish Borders in the north to the West Midlands region in the south. To its southwest is North Wales. Amongst the better known of the North West's physiographical features are the Lake District and the Cheshire Plain; the highest point in North West England is Cumbria, at a height of 3,209 feet. Windermere is the largest natural lake in England. Broad Crag Tarn on Broad Crag is England's highest lake. Wast Water is England's deepest lake, being 74m deep. A mix of rural and urban landscape, two large conurbations, centred on Liverpool and Manchester, occupy much of the south of the region.
The north of the region, comprising Cumbria and northern Lancashire, is rural, as is the far south which encompasses parts of the Cheshire Plain and Peak District. The region includes parts of three National parks and three areas of Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty; the official region consists of the following subdivisions: *metropolitan county After abolition of the Greater Manchester and Merseyside County Councils in 1986, power was transferred to the Metropolitan Boroughs making them Unitary Authorities. In April 2011, Greater Manchester gained a top-tier administrative body in the form of the Greater Manchester Combined Authority, which means the 10 Greater Manchester Boroughs are once again second-tier authorities. Source: Office for National Statistics Mid Year Population Estimates North West England's population accounts for just over 13% of England's overall population. 37.86% of the North West's population resides in Greater Manchester, 21.39% in Lancashire, 20.30% in Merseyside, 14.76% in Cheshire and 7.41% live in the largest county by area, Cumbria.
According to 2009 Office for National Statistics estimates, 91.6% of people in the region describe themselves as'White': 88.4% White British, 1.0% White Irish and 2.2% White Other. During the Industrial Revolution hundreds of thousands of Welsh people migrated to the North West of England to work in the coal mines. Parts with notably high populations with Welsh ancestry as a result of this include Liverpool, Widnes, Wallasey, Ashton-in-Makerfield and Birkenhead; the Mixed Race population makes up 1.3% of the region's population. There are 323,800 South Asians, making up 4.7% of the population, 1.1% Black Britons. 0.6% of the population are Chinese and 0.5% of people belong to another ethnic group. North West England is a diverse region, with Manchester and Liverpool amongst the most diverse cities in Europe. 19.4% of Blackburn with Darwen's population are Muslim, the third-highest among all local authorities in the United Kingdom and the highest outside London. Areas such as Moss Side in Greater Manchester are home to a 30%+ Black British population.
In contrast, the town of St. Helens in Merseyside, unusually for a city area, has a low percentage of ethnic minorities with 98% identifying as White British; the City of Liverpool, over 800 years old, is one of the few places in Britain where ethnic minority populations can be traced back over dozens of generations: being the closest major city in England to Ireland, it is home to a significant ethnic Irish population, with the city being home to one of the first Afro-Caribbean communities in the UK, as well as the oldest Chinatown in Europe. Summarised There are around 400,000 people living in the North West of any Asian ethnicity Around 125,000 people from the North West are of full or partial Sub-African and/or Caribbean descent The single largest non-white ethnic group in the North West are Pakistanis, numbering at least 144,400 The list below is not how many people belong to each ethnic group; the fifteen most common countries of birth in 2001 for North West citizens were as follows England – 6,169,753 Scotland – 109,163 Wales – 73,850 Ireland – 56,887 Pakistan – 46,529 Northern Ireland – 34,879 India – 34,600 Germany – 19,931 China and Hong Kong – 15,491 Bangladesh – 13,746 South Africa – 7,740 United States – 7,037 Jamaica – 6,661 Italy – 6,325 Australia – 5,880 Poland – The table below is based on the 2011 UK Census.
One in five of the population in the North West is Catholic, a result of large-scale Irish emigration in the nineteenth century as well as the high number of English recusants in Lancashire. For top-tier authorities, Manchester has the highest teenage pregnancy rate in the region. For council districts, Burnley has the highest rate followed by Hyndburn, both in Lancashire. Of the nine regions of the England, the North West has the fourth-highest GVA per capita—the highest outside southern England. Despite this the region has above average multiple deprivation with wealth concentrated on affluent areas like rural Cheshire, rural Lancashire, south Cumbria; as measured by the Indices of deprivation 2007, the
Hindley railway station
Hindley railway station serves the area of Hindley in the Metropolitan Borough of Wigan, England. Hindley is one of the principal stations that lie on the Wigan to Manchester line, just before the route branches to use either the Atherton line or the Eastern Branch line via Westhoughton and Bolton; the station is located 14 miles west of Manchester Victoria with regular Northern services to these towns as well as Salford and Walkden, with onward trains to Kirkby and Southport. Hindley is one of the nearest stations to Aspull, although there is no direct bus link, the 559 bus having been withdrawn between Hindley and Aspull; the station is situated some distance from the centre of the town. Figures showed that usage increased year-on year by 9%, with a further healthy increase for 2007/8, which continues. Interchange passengers amounted to around 13,000 further passengers annually. Figures demonstrate that usage more than doubled from 2004 to 2011, with a further 17% increase from 2011 to 2012,and 13% from 2012 to 2013.
This station was opened on 20 November 1848 and was named Hindley. It was renamed Hindley North on 1 July 1950 to differentiate it from Hindley South station on the line from Wigan Central to Glazebrook. Hindley South closed in November 1964, Hindley North was renamed Hindley on 6 May 1968. There were stations serving Hindley at Platt Bridge and at Hindley Green on the line from Wigan North Western to Manchester Exchange, the residual "fast local" and express passenger service ceasing on 1 January 1968. At Hindley there are now two platforms in use, with the overgrown remains of two further platforms The car park has been enlarged but passenger numbers have increased so that it is in need of further enlargement; the station is manned on a part-time basis, with the booking office open from the start of service until early afternoon. Outside these hours, tickets must be bought on the train; the station is not accessible for disabled travellers and has passenger information screens on each platform, along with an automated public address system to offer train running details.
There is now a "Friends of Hindley Station" group, formed in 2007, whose aim is to promote the use of the station by improvements. The group have had several weekend clearing sessions. During one such session a large nameplaque made of stones on the station banking was uncovered; the results objectively can be considered spectacular, evidenced by the number of "in bloom" and landscaping awards won. As a result of their input, there was a direct link to Manchester Airport from December 2008; this ended at the May 2018 timetable change and intending travellers now have to change at Manchester Piccadilly or Salford Crescent to reach the airport. There are four trains per hour to Manchester Victoria during Monday to Saturday daytimes - three via Atherton and one via Bolton; some of them continue onward to Todmorden and either Blackburn, Leeds or Stalybridge, whilst there is one train each hour to Manchester Piccadilly and Alderley Edge via Bolton. In the opposite direction there are five trains each hour to Wigan, with an hourly service to Kirkby and two per hour to Southport via Wallgate and two others that terminate at Wigan North Western.
During the evenings there are two services to Manchester and to Wigan, of which one extends to Southport. On Sundays there are two trains each hour to Manchester Victoria via Atherton and two trains per hour to Wigan. Weekend services via Bolton are suspended and replaced by buses due to the ongoing work to electrify the Manchester to Preston Line. Crow Nest Junction Train times and station information for Hindley railway station from National Rail
Pendleton railway station
Pendleton railway station was a railway station serving Pendleton, a district of Salford. It was located on Broughton Road just behind St. Thomas' Church, it was about 100 yards further up Broughton Road from Pendleton Bridge railway station and nearer Pendleton Church and Broad Street. This station was known as Pendleton Broad Street due to its closeness to the A6 Broad Street some 100 yards away, it was on the Manchester Victoria to Wigan Wallgate line with a spur to the Manchester Victoria to Bolton line so trains to Bolton used it after the closure of Pendleton Bridge in 1966, "Broad Street" was dropped from its name. The line from Windsor Bridge Junction and Crow Nest Junction, which shortened the route between Manchester and Liverpool, was authorised in 1883, in 1885 a connection was authorised from the new line at Brindle Heath to the Bolton line at Agecroft; the new lines opened in stages to goods traffic during 1887–88, to passengers on 1 June 1889. It had four platforms, as it served both the new Wigan line.
Until the 1980s Pendleton was one of the more important stations on the Bolton-Manchester line, one of only two stations with a Sunday service. The nearby Salford Crescent railway station, which opened in 1987, took much of the passenger traffic away from Pendleton station, sending it into terminal decline. In 1988 services to Bolton were withdrawn leaving Pendleton served by Atherton line trains only. An arson attack in July 1994 led to the station being closed temporarily by GMPTE, though by this time it was only being served by 4 trains each day. Final closure came in 1998 after it was deemed that repairing the damage caused by the vandalism would not represent good value for money:... The Franchising Director advertised the closure and, in assessing the impact of the closure the RUCC for North Western England concluded that no hardship would result from closure as no trains had called at Pendleton for four years. Despite campaigns for it to be re-opened by Salford Council in 1996. Close to the station was Agecroft locomotive sidings.
The platform-level buildings have all been demolished, but the remnants of both island platforms are still visible from passing trains
Lancashire Union Railway
The Lancashire Union Railway ran between Blackburn and St Helens in Lancashire, England. It was built to carry goods between Blackburn and Garston Dock on the River Mersey, to serve collieries in the Wigan area. Most of the line has now closed, except for the St Helens-to-Wigan section that forms part of the main line between Liverpool and the North; the Lancashire Union Railway was authorised by Parliamentary Act of 25 July 1864 to build a line from the Blackbrook branch of the St Helens Railway to Adlington on the Bolton-to-Preston line of the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway near Chorley. This connected with existing lines between St Helens. A further act of 13 July 1868 authorised an extension from Chorley to Blackburn, vested the section between Boar's Head and Cherry Tree jointly with the LYR; the whole line between St Helens and Blackburn opened to passengers on 1 December 1869. Most passenger services were local between Wigan. LNWR trains travelled to the station known as Wigan North Western via Chorley and Boar's Head, but LYR trains used an alternative route between Chorley and the station to become Wigan Wallgate via Hindley.
The LUR built a line, the "Whelley Loop", that bypassed Wigan to the east. It opened in 1869 for freight. Stations at Whelley and Amberswood were open for only three months between 1 January and 1 March 1872. Additional connections were made to the NUR's West Coast Main Line north and south of Wigan in 1882 and 1886 and to other lines radiating from Wigan, thus allowing many trains to bypass Wigan; the LUR company was vested jointly between the LNWR and LYR from 16 July 1883, until the two parent companies merged on 1 January 1922. The Blackburn-to-Chorley line closed to passengers on 4 January 1960 and to goods in 1966, although a short section between Cherry Tree and Feniscowles continued until 1968; the Chorley-to-Wigan line closed to passengers in 1960, to goods on 25 May 1971. The Whelley Loop survived until 1976; the Wigan-to-St Helens section is still in use as part of the Liverpool to Wigan Line. The line began at Blackburn and followed the East Lancashire Line to Cherry Tree where the line branched to Feniscowles.
From there the line is less undeveloped except that gravel and rails are missing. The line between Withnell and Brinscall now forms Railway Park. Leaving Brinscall the line has been built on. At Brinscall Hall there is an old bridge carrying the railway over a footpath, still intact; the line of the railway is still evident. Before Heapey the line passes the former ROF Heapey site. Heapey Station is now a private residence; the line had another siding which intersected two of the Heapey reservoirs before serving the Heapey Bleachworks. The line continued under a bridge under Tithe Barn Lane toward the Blackburn–Chorley road towards the arched viaduct at Botany Bay which carried the line over the Leeds and Liverpool Canal towards Chorley; the viaduct was demolished in 1968 to make way for the M61 motorway. The line continued past the North Gate estate and past the rear of St. Joseph's Church where it crossed Highfield Road and ran parallel to the Manchester to Preston Line on an embankment; the line headed towards where Friday Street car park now stands where it merged with the main line and entered Chorley station.
The LUR uses the main line to Adlington where the line branched off and under the A6 along the Leeds-Liverpool Canal and on to White Bear Station. On leaving the station the line continued parallel to the canal bypassing the town of Blackrod to the east; the line followed the canal to the station at Red Rock. It split as it neared Pendlebury Lane; the first route – the Whelley Loop which bypassed Wigan – was built to serve collieries and iron works before the loop split at De Trafford junction joining the Manchester to Southport Line just before Hindley railway station to the East and to Amberswood to the West, before re-joining the LUR at Bryn or heading further south to Warrington via the NUR. The second route headed over a viaduct, the 13 bridges which carried the railway over the River Douglas; the bridges are known locally as the dominoes due to the position and shape of the pillars and are the only parts left standing. After the viaduct the line continued to Boar's Head before connecting with the Blackpool to Liverpool Line.
The line continued through Wigan North Western before heading towards Bryn and Garswood before joining the St Helens and Runcorn Gap Railway and continuing to that line's southern terminus at Garston Dock. Awdry, C. Encyclopaedia of British Railway Companies, Patrick Stephens Ltd, Wellingborough, ISBN 1-85260-049-7. Butt, R. V. J.. The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, halt and stopping place and present. Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 978-1-85260-508-7. OCLC 60251199. Daniels, Gerald David. Passengers No More. Shepperton: Ian Allan. VPNM/1354/138/CXX-964. Dewick, T. Complete Atlas of Railway Station Names, Ian Allan Publishing, ISBN 0-7110-2798-6. Marshall, John; the Lancashire & Yorkshire Railway, volume 2. Newton Abbot: David & Charles. ISBN 0-7153-4906-6. Marshall, J. (198
Salford Central railway station
Salford Central railway station in Salford, Greater Manchester, close to Spinningfields and Deansgate. It is served by trains towards Rochdale and Wigan Wallgate; the railway station opened on 29 May 1838 as a terminus on the Manchester and Bolton Railway and was named Salford railway station. In 1843, a connection to Manchester Victoria was carried on iron columns; the roof suffered from corrosion caused by the sulphurous emissions of locomotives passing through the station and one was replaced after only four years. Between April 1858 and August 1865, to avoid confusion with Salford, the station was named Salford, after which it reverted to its original name of Salford. To avoid confusion with the newly built Salford Crescent station, in 1988 it was renamed Salford Central. For many years the station was served at peak times only. With only platforms 1 and 2 in use, the station is now managed by Northern and has undergone a major transformation involving construction of a new ticket office as well as making the station building accessible by the use of ramps from the entrances to the ticket office and lifts and ramps from the ticket office to the platforms.
Manchester city centre is accessible either by a short ride on public transport. Salford is served by Salford Crescent railway station, close to the University of Salford and Salford Precinct; the £700m Middlewood Locks development will be served by Salford Central. The ticket office is manned from 06:25 to 19:35, six days per week; the ticket hall is connected to the platforms via inclined ramps that are suitable for mobility-impaired users. There are shelters and snack/drink vending machines at platform level, along with timetable posters, digital display screens and automated announcements to provide train running information; the station has a frequent service on weekdays and Saturdays, with all trains to and from Victoria calling here. Destinations served include Southport and Kirkby and Buckshaw Parkway, Wigan North Western and Clitheroe westbound and Blackburn and Stalybridge eastbound; the station was closed on Sundays, but since the summer 2018 timetable change was introduced on 20 May all trains between Salford Crescent and Victoria now call here.
A Network Rail report suggests building platforms on the line to Liverpool, the lines of which run through the station but are not provided with platforms. This scheme has since been adopted by Transport for Greater Manchester and included in their Capital Works Programme for 2015–16 to 2020–21; this will see an additional platform built and the old platforms 3 & 4 reopened, at a cost of £20.5 million and will allow Liverpool, Chester & Manchester Airport-bound trains to call here. All lines through the station have now been electrified and electric working on the Preston via Bolton route commenced on Monday 11 February 2019 utilising Class 319 Electric Multiple Units. Train times and station information for Salford Central railway station from National Rail
West Lancashire Railway
The West Lancashire Railway ran northeast from Southport to Preston in northwest England. Construction was started by Samuel Swire the Mayor of Southport, on 19 April 1873, it opened on 15 September 1882. A branch was constructed from Penwortham to the Blackburn line at Whitehouse Junction allowing direct services from East Lancashire Railway to Southport. In 1881 a further branch was constructed from east of Hesketh Bank station southwards to Tarleton Lock on the Rufford Branch of the Leeds and Liverpool Canal by the River Douglas; this was intended for goods, but a passenger service did run on the branch until 1912/3. The branch closed in 1930, it sponsored the Liverpool and Preston Junction Railway, opened in 1887 to provide greater access to Liverpool and in an attempt to forge a commercial alliance with the Manchester and Lincolnshire Railway. At one time the line featured as a potential alternative route to Blackpool; the line was never successful and its construction bankrupted the West Lancashire Railway.
In 1897 the two railways were taken over by their competitor, the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway. Up to the take-over, the WLR used its own stations at each terminus; these were Fishergate Hill in Preston. The new owners built a west-to-north connecting chord at Whitehouse Junction which enabled them to redirect all of the WLR passenger trains into their own Preston Station. At the Southport end, passenger trains were rerouted into the adjacent Chapel Street Station. Both WLR termini became goods depôts with that at Preston seeing occasional passenger use when it played host to special services during the Preston Guild. From 22 March 1904 the line from Crossens to Southport was electrified using a third rail to provide an electric service all the way to Liverpool. From 15 February 1909, electrification was extended to Meols Cop. Hundred End station closed in 1962. Passenger services, including the electric ones, ceased in September 1964 and most of the line was closed; the line was lifted beyond Hesketh Park in 1965.
A goods service to Hesketh Park continued until November 1967, the remaining track was lifted in late 1968- though a small stump remained in place as far as Roe Lane in Southport until the early 1970s as part of the complex of Meols Cop electric depot. Biddle, G; the Railways Around Preston - A Historical Review, Scenes from the Past: No. 6, Foxline Publishing, ISBN 1-870119-05-3 Brookes, G. History, New Longton On-Line, www page, accessed 6 February 2007 Cotterall, J. E; the West Lancashire Railway, The Oakwood Press, ISBN 0-85361-288-9 Greville, M. D.. O.. "Railway Development in Preston—1". The Railway Magazine. Vol. 106 no. 706. Pp. 94–101, 125. Greville, M. D.. O.. "Railway Development in Preston—2". The Railway Magazine. Vol. 106 no. 707. Pp. 197–203. Greville, M. D.. O.. "Railway Development in Preston—3". The Railway Magazine. Vol. 106 no. 708. Pp. 274–277, 280. Nock, O. S; the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway - A Concise History, Ian Allan, ISBN 0-7110-0130-8 Robertson, B. St. Lukes to Preston Whitehouse North Jn.
British Railways Routes in 1960, www page, accessed 6 February 2007 Taylor, S. Journeys by Excursion Train from East Lancashire: Southport via the West Lancashire Line... Scenes from the past, No. 26, Part 2, Foxline Publishing, ISBN 1-870119-41-X http://www.disused-stations.org.uk/ http://www.rcts.org.uk/railways%20around%20preston.htm http://www.southportpast.com/altcarbob.shtml http://www.heskethbank.com/history/photos/railway.html