Marina Mandarin Singapore
The Marina Mandarin Singapore is a five-star luxury hotel located on Raffles Boulevard in the Marina Centre complex, in the Downtown Core of Singapore. Designed by John Portman, the hotel has one of the largest open atriums in Southeast Asia, which rises through 21 levels and is permeated by natural light; each of the 575 rooms is accessed from the balconies overlooking the atrium, has views of the Singapore harbour and the city skyline. The pillar-free Marina Mandarin Ballroom can accommodate up to 700 people and the Vanda Ballroom can accommodate up to 300. Official Marina Mandarin Singapore hotel website
AXA Tower known as 8 Shenton Way and The Treasury and Temasek Tower, is the 16th-tallest skyscraper in the city of Singapore, with at 234.7 m. The tower is the tallest cylindrical building in the world. Built in 1986 as Treasury Building, it has 52 stories and is one of the prominent buildings in the business district; the tower houses 16 double deck elevators supplied by Otis. Singapore's present Prime Minister, Lee Hsien Loong, once had his office in the building; the building was renamed to Temasek Tower when the Ministry of Finance relocated to The Treasury on High Street. Advertising agency BBDO Worldwide hosts its Asia Pacific Headquarters in there. In April 2007, CapitaLand sold Temasek Tower to MGP Raffle Pte Ltd. Temasek Tower is now known as the AXA Tower; the building houses the Embassy of Belgium on the 14th floor. The structure consists of steel beams cantilevered from a cylindrical concrete core; this allows full 360° views at the perimeter, unobstructed by perimeter columns. List of tallest buildings in Singapore List of buildings 8 Shenton Way at MGPA
One Marina Boulevard
One Marina Boulevard, sometimes called NTUC Centre, is a 32-storey, 110 m skyscraper at 1 Marina Boulevard, in the zone of Raffles Place and Marina Bay, in the central business district of Singapore. The building is near other skyscrapers, such as One Raffles Quay, The Sail @ Marina Bay and Ocean Building, all of which are around 100 metres away, it has a direct link to Raffles Place MRT Station via an air-conditioned underground mall. The building is a Grade A office building, its basement contains retail space, it sits on a land parcel of 11,366.9 square metres. The gross floor area is 48,302 square metres. There is a total of 39,000 square metres of office space; the site on which the development sits was the first opened up for development in the new downtown, Marina Bay, after the Singapore Labour Foundation Management Services was allocated the site by the government. The National Trades Union Congress occupies floors 11 to 14 in the building. In 2005, One Marina Boulevard received a Certificate of Merit in the Best Buildable Design Awards, under the Commercial and Office Buildings Category.
One Marina Boulevard was designed by DP Architects, completed in 2004. Other firms involved in the development include Singapore Labour Foundation Management Services, Samsung Corporation, Beca Carter Hollings and Ferner, Hyder Consulting, Arup Singapore, Davis Langdon & Seah Singapore, Sika Services AG, Building Systems, National Trades Union Congress; the groundbreaking ceremony was held on 28 February 2002, which formally kicked off the construction of the building. Before One Marina Boulevard was built, the site on which it sat was put on sale, it was launched on 21 November 2000 and closed on 13 March 2001. Three days the successful tenderers, Boulevard Development Pte Ltd, Comina Investment Limited and Freyland Pte Ltd, was announced. A new company, One Marina Boulevard Pte Ltd, was incorporated to develop the land parcel; the land parcel is on a 99-year lease. The tendered price of the land parcel was at S$461,816,800, or about S$3,125.24 per square metre. During construction, fire engineering was used.
This was the first time. This allowed the building to be constructed closer to its surrounding neighbours, which shaved 7 metres off the usual code compliant solution, it enabled the glass facade to be window sprinkler-free. In 2004, computer simulation techniques were used to re-visit the design of the building. With these techniques, more people could be occupied in specific floor levels, than allowed in the original design; this meant additional exit stairs didn't need to be provided in case of a fire emergency. A total of 21 months was spent constructing the building, at a total cost of S$110.0 million. One Marina Boulevard adopts the international architectural style, it is constructed out of glass and steel. Stone sculptures are used to decorate the main entrance; the typical floor-to-ceiling height of One Marina Boulevard is at 3.0 metres, it has a loading of 4.0 to 7.0 kN/m2. The centralised VAV system is applied in its air-conditioning system. There are several amenities in the building, they include meeting and training rooms, a customer service centre owned by NTUC, as well as a 600-seat auditorium.
There are a total of 209 parking lots in the building. NTUC occupies the largest office space in One Marina Boulevard. Other major tenants include Allen & Gledhill, Singapore Workforce Development Agency and Microsoft Singapore. In October 2004, Microsoft Singapore moved from its previous offices at 5 Temasek Boulevard, Suntec Tower Five to the building, it occupies the 22nd floor. A major F&B company, TCC, is located there. A AXS machine is located in the basement. One Marina Boulevard sits above one exit from the Raffles Place MRT Station and is located near Downtown MRT Station. List of tallest buildings in Singapore
Chevron House called Caltex House, is a high-rise skyscraper located in the central business district of Singapore. It is located in the financial district of Raffles Place; the building is near several buildings and landmarks, such as Singapore Land Tower, Hitachi Tower, Change Alley and The Arcade, all of which are less than 100 metres away. The development has direct underground access to Raffles Place MRT Station. Hitachi Tower, a nearby neighbour of Chevron House, shares a four-level retail podium with the building. Chevron House has a total of 33 floors, excluding 3 basement levels, it rises 152.0 metres above ground. The international headquarters of Caltex is situated in the building. Chevron House was designed by Inc.. Architects and Architects 61, was completed in 1993, just one year after its next-door neighbour, Hitachi Tower; the other firms involved in the development are CapitaLand Commercial Limited, Savu Investments Private Limited, CapitaLand, Obayashi Gumi Corporation, Sendai Eversendai Engineering Group, Steen Consultants Private Limited, PCR Engineers Private Limited, Chevalier Group, PCR Engineers Private Limited, Rider Hunt Levett & Bailey, Toshiba Elevator and Building Systems Corporation.
In September 2007, a Goldman Sachs-linked fund bought Chevron House, at a price of S$730 million. This equates to $2,780 per square foot of net lettable area; this is Goldman Sachs' second major acquisition of an office property in Singapore. It will allow CapitaLand to have a profit of about $150.8 million from the sale of its stake. Before the sale, Chevron House was owned by several companies. CapitaLand, IP Property Fund Asia and NTUC Income Insurance Co-operative had a stake of 50 per cent, 25 per cent and 25 per cent respectively. A few months its neighbour Hitachi Tower was bought by Goldman Sachs. Chevron House models the late-modernist architectural style, is similar to that of Springleaf Tower and Hitachi Tower, it is built out of aluminium and steel. A distinctive glass rotunda and four-storey high portico is located at the entrance of the building; the rotunda motif is expressed on the roof, capped by radial sunshading louvres. This strong feature that distincts the building from other skyscrapers in Raffles Place.
Major tenants of Chevron House includes Planet Fitness. Planet Fitness occupies 17,000 square feet of space in the building, it is used as a gym, has a mezzanine interior with large windows. List of tallest buildings in Singapore
The Singapore dollar is the official currency of Singapore. It is divided into 100 cents, it is abbreviated with the dollar sign $, or S$ to distinguish it from other dollar-denominated currencies. The Monetary Authority of Singapore issues the coins of the Singapore dollar; as of 2016, the Singapore dollar is the twelfth-most traded currency in the world by value. Apart from its use in Singapore, the Singapore dollar is accepted as customary tender in Brunei according to the Currency Interchangeability Agreement between the Monetary Authority of Singapore and the Autoriti Monetari Brunei Darussalam; the Brunei dollar is customarily accepted in Singapore. Between 1845 and 1939, Singapore used the Straits dollar; this was replaced by the Malayan dollar, from 1953, the Malaya and British Borneo dollar, which were issued by the Board of Commissioners of Currency and British Borneo. Singapore continued to use the common currency upon joining Malaysia in 1963, but only two years after Singapore's expulsion and independence from Malaysia in 1965, the monetary union between Malaysia and Brunei broke down.
Singapore established the Board of Commissioners of Currency, Singapore, on 7 April 1967 and issued its first coins and notes. The Singapore dollar was exchangeable at par with the Malaysian ringgit until 1973, interchangeability with the Brunei dollar is still maintained; the Singapore dollar was pegged to the pound sterling at a rate of two shillings and four pence to the dollar, or S$60 = £7, working out to 8.57 dollars to the pound sterling. This peg lasted until the demise of the Sterling Area due to the Nixon Shock in the early 1970s, after which the Singaporean dollar was linked to the US dollar for a short time; as Singapore's economy grew and its trade links diversified to many other countries and regions, Singapore moved towards pegging its currency against a fixed and undisclosed trade-weighted basket of currencies from 1973 to 1985. Before 1970, the various monetary functions associated with a central bank were performed by several government departments and agencies; as Singapore progressed, the demands of an complex banking and monetary environment necessitated streamlining the functions to facilitate the development of a more dynamic and coherent policy on monetary matters.
Therefore, the Parliament of Singapore passed the Monetary Authority of Singapore Act in 1970, leading to the formation of MAS on 1 January 1971. The MAS Act gave the MAS the authority to regulate all elements of monetary and financial aspects of Singapore. From 1985 onwards, Singapore adopted a more market-oriented exchange regime, classified as a Monitoring Band, in which the Singapore dollar is allowed to float but monitored by the Monetary Authority of Singapore against a concealed basket of currencies of Singapore's major trading partners and competitors. This, in theory, allows the Singaporean government to have more control over imported inflation and to ensure that Singapore's exports remain competitive. On 1 October 2002, the Board of Commissioners of Currency Singapore merged with the Monetary Authority of Singapore, which took over the responsibility of banknote issuance; as of 2012, the total currency in circulation was S$29.1 billion. All issued Singapore currency in circulation are backed by external assets in its Currency Fund to maintain public confidence.
Such external assets consists of any of the following: gold and silver in any form. In 2017, the government, in the second reading of the Monetary Authority of Singapore Bill 2017, announced that the Currency Fund will be merged with other funds of the MAS, because the currency in circulation is backed by the full financial strength and assets of MAS, much larger than the Currency Fund; as at 31 March 2017, MAS's assets were more than seven times larger than the assets of the Currency Fund. The proposed amendment will merge the Currency Fund with the other funds of MAS and streamline MAS's operations; the Government has said that its support for the currency in circulation, as set out in the Currency Act, remains unchanged. Singapore's foreign reserves stood at over US$260.7 billion, as of April 2017 according to the MAS. In 1967, the first series of coins was introduced in denominations of 1, 5, 10, 20 and 50 cents and 1 dollar; these coins depicted wildlife and other images relating to the island nation and were designed by Stuart Devlin, the same artist credited for the 1966 designs on Australia's decimal coin series.
The sizes were the same as those used for the Malaysian ringgit and based directly off the old coinage of the former Malaya and British Borneo dollar. The 1-cent coin was bronze. In 1976, the 1-cent coin was changed to copper-clad steel; the production of the first series was phased out by 1985. In 1985, the second series of coins were introduced in denominations of 1, 5, 10, 20 and 50 cents and 1 dollar; the reverse of these coins were designed by Christopher Ironside. The new series offered smaller coins depicting a floral theme. One-dollar banknotes were discontinued and replaced wit
Hainanese chicken rice
Hainanese chicken rice is a dish of poached chicken and seasoned rice, served with chili sauce and comes with cucumber garnishes. It was created by immigrants from Hainan province in southern China and adapted from the Hainanese dish Wenchang chicken, it is considered one of the national dishes of Singapore and is most associated with Singaporean cuisine but is seen throughout Southeast Asia Malaysia where it is a culinary staple. Hainanese chicken rice is a dish adapted from early Chinese immigrants from Hainan province in southern China, it is based on a well-known Hainanese dish called Wenchang chicken, one of four important Hainan dishes dating to the Qin dynasty. The Hainanese in China traditionally used the Wenchang chicken, to make the dish; the original dish was adapted by the Hainanese overseas Chinese population in the Nanyang area. Every country in Asia with a history of immigration from China has a version; the San Francisco Chronicle says, "the dish maps 150 years’ immigration from China’s Hainan Island...to Singapore and Malaysia, where the dish is known as Hainan chicken rice.
In Singapore the dish was born out of frugality, created by servant-class immigrants trying to stretch the flavor of the chicken. The first chicken rice restaurants opened in Singapore during Japanese occupation in World War II, when the British were forced out and their Hainanese servants lost their source of income. One of the first was Yet Con; the dish was popularised in Singapore in the 1950s by Moh Lee Twee, whose Swee Kee Chicken Rice Restaurant operated from 1947 to 1997. Hong Kong food critic Chua Lam credits Moh with the creation of the dish. Channel News Asia's Annette Tan credits Wang Yiyuan for "bringing the dish" to Singapore in the 1920s. Hainanese chicken rice is considered one of Singapore's national dishes, it is eaten "everywhere, every day" in Singapore and is a "ubiquitous sight in hawker centres across the country". While most associated with Singaporean cuisine, the dish is seen throughout Southeast Asia and in parts of the United States. In a debate that stretches back decades to 1965, when the two countries split, both Malaysia and Singapore have laid claim to inventing the dish.
In 2009 Malaysia’s Tourism Minister Datuk Seri Dr Ng Yen Yen said that Hainanese chicken rice was "uniquely Malaysian" and had been "hijacked" by other countries. In 2018 Malaysian Finance Minister Lim Guan Eng joked that Singapore claimed "chicken rice is theirs if we’re not careful, ‘char koay teow‘ will become theirs" one day. Catherine Ling of CNN called Hainanese chicken rice one of the "40 Singapore foods we can't live without", it was listed as one of the "World's 50 best foods" by CNN in 2018. David Farley of the BBC called it "the dish worth the 15-hour flight" and said it was "deceptively simple –, good, because on paper it sounds awfully boring." Saveur called it "one of the most beloved culinary exports of Southeast Asia." The chicken is prepared in accordance with traditional Hainanese methods, which involve poaching the entire chicken at sub-boiling temperatures to both cook the bird and produce stock. The bird is hung to dry; the stock is skimmed of fat and some of the fat and liquid, along with ginger and pandan leaves, are used in the cooking of the rice, producing an oily, flavourful rice sometimes known as "oily rice".
In Singapore "the most important part of chicken rice is not the chicken, but the rice."The dish is served with a dipping sauce of freshly minced red chilli and garlic accompanied with dark soy sauce and freshly ground ginger. Fresh cucumber boiled in the chicken broth and light soy sauce with a dash of sesame oil are served with the chicken, served at room temperature; some stalls may serve nonya achar as an additional side. In Malaysia, nasi ayam is "a culinary staple" and a popular street food in Ipoh, a center of Hainanese immigration; the general term nasi ayam can refer to multiple variations including roasted and fried chicken, can be served with a variety of sauces including barbecue, can be accompanied by a variety of side dishes including steamed rice rather than seasoned'oily' rice, soup, or chicken offal. In Malacca, the rice is served in balls rather than in bowls. Steamed rice is served alongside the chopped chicken. Hainanese chicken rice is a common dish in Thailand where it is called khao man kai meaning "chicken-fat rice".
The chickens used in Thailand for this dish can be free range chickens of local breeds, resulting in a leaner and tastier dish, but meat chickens from large scale poultry farms are being used. Khao man kai is served with a garnish of cucumbers and chicken blood tofu and fresh coriander, along with a bowl of nam sup, a clear chicken broth which contains sliced daikon; the accompanying sauce is most made with tauchu, thick soy sauce, ginger and vinegar. One famous Bangkok neighborhood for Khao man kai is Pratunam in Ratchathewi district, located near to Platinum Fashion Mall, CentralWorld and Ratchaprasong Intersection; some restaurant in Pratunam received Bib Gourmand awards from the 2018 Michelin Guide. It has been reported that these restaurants are popular amongst Hong Kong and Taiwanese tourists. Khao man kai is well known i
Montblanc International is a German manufacturer of luxury writing instruments, jewellery and leather goods identified by its "Snow peak" logo. A Hamburg banker, Alfred Nehemias, a Berlin engineer, August Eberstein, produced simple pens in 1906. After a short period of time Wilhelm Dziambor, Christian Lausen and Claus Johannes Voss took over the business, their first model was the Rouge et Noir in 1909 followed in 1910 by the pen, to give the company its new name, Montblanc. The Meisterstück name was used for the first time in 1924. Today, the Montblanc brand is on other goods besides pens, including watches, fragrances, leather goods and eyewear; the company was acquired by dunhill in 1977, following which lower price pens were dropped and the brand was used on a wide range of luxury goods other than pens. Today, Montblanc forms part of the Richemont group, its sister companies include luxury brands Cartier, Van Cleef & Arpels, Chloé, Baume et Mercier. Montblanc is owned, by the South African Rupert family.
A trademark identified with Montblanc is the white stylized six-pointed snowcap with rounded edges, representative of the Mont Blanc snowcap from above, the symbol being adopted in 1913. The number "4810," the mountain's height in meters, is a recurring theme. In January 2014, Hugh Jackman was announced as Montblanc's Global Brand Ambassador, outside of US. Montblanc makes several models of pens, with the Meisterstück representing the cornerstone model; each model is different, however models created after 1990 have a serial number located on the ring at the top of the clip. Under the clip is the words "Made in Germany" and "Pix". Moreover, the barrel of the pen will reveal a reddish hue under strong lighting. If the pen in question does not have these attributes it is a fake. In October 2014 the first blocking order against trademark infringing consumer goods was passed against the major UK ISPs by Richemont, Cartier International and Montblanc to block several domains selling trademark infringing products.
Official international site