Manfred Winkelhock

Manfred Winkelhock was a German racing driver. He participated in 56 Formula One Grands Prix between 1980 and 1985, driving for Arrows, ATS, Brabham and RAM Racing, with a best finish of fifth at the 1982 Brazilian Grand Prix. Born in Waiblingen on 6 October 1951, Manfred Winkelhock was the older brother of Joachim Winkelhock, he began racing in Formula Two in 1978 and survived a major crash at Nürburgring Nordschleife circuit, when he flipped his March at the steep rise-and-fall Flugplatz corner. Winkelhock's first attempt at qualifying for a Formula One Grand Prix race was in Italy, when he stood in for the injured Jochen Mass at Arrows, he was able to land a drive with ATS in 1982. As BMW became the team's engine supplier in 1983, he qualified well on several occasions in 1983 and 1984, but the car was reliable, so there were few results and a lot of accidents, his son, Markus Winkelhock, is a racing driver. At the same time he was a regular sports car and touring car driver, winning the 1000km Monza with Marc Surer in 1985.

He was killed in the summer of 1985 when he crashed at turn 2 at Mosport Park of Bowmanville near Toronto, Canada, during the Budweiser 1000 km World Endurance Championship event, driving a Porsche 962C for Kremer Racing with co-driver Marc Surer. At the time of Winkelhock's death, he was a driver for the Skoal Bandit sponsored RAM Racing team in Formula One, though it had been a frustrating season with a best finish of 12th in the 1985 French Grand Prix at Paul Ricard, his death saw him replaced by Northern Irish driver Kenny Acheson, though lack of money saw the team fold before the end of the 1985 season

Ashwini Bhatt

Ashwini Bhatt was a Gujarati language novelist. He was born to educationist Harprasad Sharadaben Bhatt on 12 July 1936 in Ahmedabad, he graduated in psychology. He was interested in theatre and he worked as a child artist in Gujarati adoption of Bengali drama Bindur Chhele, he had failed in several business ventures like poultry farm to a vegetable vendor before starting career as a writer. He moved to United States in 2002, he died on 10 December 2012 at Dallas, Texas, US. Bhatt wrote three novellas, his serialized novels include Othaar, Aashka Maandal, Nirja Bhargav, Lajja Sanyal, Shailja Sagar, Angaar and Aakhet. Besides writing novels, he was involved in theatre, his Katibandh was made into TV series. His novellas include Kasab and Kamthan, he translated several works in Gujarati including James Hadley Chase. He translated Freedom at Midnight by Collins and Lapierre in Gujarati as Ardhi Rate Azadi, critically acclaimed. Akrosh Ane Akanksha is his essay collection, he was involved in Narmada Bachao Andolan


This article is about the character of Germanic myth. For the Saint, see Balthild. For the French princess, see Bathilde d'Orléans. Böðvildr, Bodil or Badhild was the princess of an evil king Níðuðr/Niðhad/Niðung who appears in Germanic legends, such as Deor, Völundarkviða and Þiðrekssaga, she appears to have been a tragic victim of Wayland the smith's revenge on her father, but in Scandinavian versions, she had a happy ending as Wayland's wife and as the mother of the hero Viðga of the Þiðrekssaga and medieval Scandinavian ballads. Although preceded by the Ardre image stone, the oldest surviving textual source on her is the 10th century Anglo-Saxon poem Deor, it deals with the fact that Wayland raped her. It is suggested by the poet that things will turn out bad for her: In Völundarkviða, she appears when her father Níðuðr has captured Wayland, she receives from her father a gold ring that the smith had made for his lost Valkyrie lover. Wayland is put to work in her father's smithy. Wayland has revenge by hiding them in the smithy.

He set their skulls in silver and sent them to the king together with jewelry for the queen made by the boys' eyes. For Böðvildr he made a brooch of the boys' teeth. Böðvildr visited Wayland's smithy to ask him to mend a broken ring, he raped her and flew away in a feather construction he had made, leaving her crying with shame: Wayland flies to her father telling him of his revenge. The sorrow stricken king asks his thrall to go and fetch his daughter and Böðvildr has to tell her father the gruesome truth mirroring the tragedy told of in Deor: The 13th century Þiðrekssaga has a fuller account in prose, where the ending is more that of a happy one. Wayland sailed to Denmark in a hollowed tree and arrived to Jutland, where king Niðung was reigning. Wayland was soon challenged by Niðung's smith Amilias. Amilias forged a suit of armour and Wayland a sword, Mímung, with which he killed his rival, he thus gained great fame as a smith. At the eve of a battle, Niðung found out that he had forgotten his victory stone and offered Böðvildr and half of his kingdom to the one who would get it before sunset.

Wayland fetched the stone but, when he came back, the king's dróttseti asked for it. Wayland killed the knight. Niðung banished him, he tried to avenge himself by poisoning the king and Böðvildr but he got caught, was hamstrung and set to work in the forge. But he killed Niðung's two younger sons in his smithy and made a whole set of tableware for the king with their bones, he raped Böðvildr. Wayland's brother Egill came at the court, he was a famous archer and Niðung challenged him to shoot an apple from the head of his son. He took three. After he succeeded with his first arrow, the king asked him what the other two were for, he explained that had he hit his son, he would have shot the king with the others. Wayland asked his brother to collect feathers, he revealed to him that he had killed his sons and made his daughter pregnant. He flew away. Egill was ordered by the king to shoot him down, but Wayland had tied a bladder filled with blood under his arm. Egill hit it, thus deceiving the king, Wayland returned to Zealand.

Niðung died shortly after and his son Otvin succeeded him. The princess gave birth to a son called Viðga. Wayland settled a peace agreement with Otvin and he married Böðvildr, as they both had agreed before his leaving. In England, a Burial Mound existed on The Berkshire Downs, which according to local legend was Beadohilde's Barrow; the mound has now disappeared, but was excavated in 1850 when a jet ornament, a Kimmeridge ring and a bronze pin were recovered. Austin Simmons, The Cipherment of the Franks Casket Beadohilde is twice depicted on the front side of the Franks Casket