ITV (TV network)
ITV is a British free-to-air television network with its headquarters in London, it was launched in 1955 as Independent Television under the auspices of the Independent Television Authority to provide competition to BBC Television, established in 1932. ITV is the oldest commercial network in the UK. Since the passing of the Broadcasting Act 1990, its legal name has been Channel 3, to distinguish it from the other analogue channels at the time, namely BBC 1, BBC 2 and Channel 4. In part, the number 3 was assigned because television sets would be tuned so that the regional ITV station would be on the third button, with the other stations being allocated to the number within their name. ITV is a network of television channels that operate regional television services as well as sharing programmes between each other to be displayed on the entire network. In recent years, several of these companies have merged, so the fifteen franchises are in the hands of two companies; the ITV network is to be distinguished from ITV plc, the company that resulted from the merger of Granada plc and Carlton Communications in 2004 and which holds the Channel 3 broadcasting licences in England, southern Scotland, the Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and Northern Ireland.
With the exception of Northern Ireland, the ITV brand is the brand used by ITV plc for the Channel 3 service in these areas. In Northern Ireland, ITV plc uses the brand name UTV. STV Group plc uses the STV brand for its two franchises of northern Scotland; the origins of ITV lie in the passing of the Television Act 1954, designed to break the monopoly on television held by the BBC Television Service. The act created the Independent Television Authority to regulate the industry and to award franchises; the first six franchises were awarded in 1954 for London, the Midlands and the North of England, with separate franchises for Weekdays and Weekends. The first ITV network to launch was London's Associated-Rediffusion on 22 September 1955, with the Midlands and North services launching in February 1956 and May 1956 respectively. Following these launches, the ITA awarded more franchises until the whole country was covered by fourteen regional stations, all launched by 1962; the network has been modified several times through franchise reviews that have taken place in 1963, 1967, 1974, 1980 and 1991, during which broadcast regions have changed and service operators have been replaced.
Only one service operator has been declared bankrupt, WWN in 1963, with all other operators leaving the network as a result of a franchise review. Separate weekend franchises were removed in 1968 and over the years more services were added; the Broadcasting Act 1990 changed the nature of ITV. This criticised part of the review saw four operators replaced, the operators facing different annual payments to the Treasury: Central Television, for example, paid only £2000—despite holding a lucrative and large region—because it was unopposed, while Yorkshire Television paid £37.7 million for a region of the same size and status, owing to heavy competition. Following the 1993 changes, ITV as a network began to consolidate with several companies doing so to save money by ceasing the duplication of services present when they were all separate companies. By 2004, ITV was owned by five companies, of which two and Granada had become major players by owning between them all the franchises in England, the Scottish borders and the Isle of Man.
That same year, the two merged to form ITV plc with the only subsequent acquisitions being the takeover of Channel Television, the Channel Islands franchise, in 2011. and UTV, the franchise for Northern Ireland, in 2015. The ITV network is not owned or operated by one company, but by a number of licensees, which provide regional services while broadcasting programmes across the network. Since 2016, the fifteen licences are held by two companies, with the majority held by ITV Broadcasting Limited, part of ITV plc; the network is regulated by the media regulator Ofcom, responsible for awarding the broadcast licences. The last major review of the Channel 3 franchises was in 1991, with all operators' licences having been renewed between 1999 and 2002 and again from 2014 without a further contest. While this has been the longest period that the ITV Network has gone without a major review of its licence holders, Ofcom announced that it would split the Wales and West licence from 1 January 2014, creating a national licence for Wales and joining the newly separated West region to Westcountry Television, to form a new licence for the enlarged South West of England region.
All companies holding a licence were part of the non-profit body ITV Network Limited, which commissioned and scheduled network programming, with compliance handled by ITV plc and Channel Television. However, due to amalgamation of several of these companies since the creation of ITV Network Limited, it has been replaced by an affiliation system. Approved by Ofcom, this results in ITV plc commissioning and funding the network schedule, with STV and UTV paying a fee to broadcast it. All licensees have the right to opt out of network programming (except fo
Ludwig van Beethoven
Ludwig van Beethoven was a German composer and pianist. A crucial figure in the transition between the Classical and Romantic eras in classical music, he remains one of the most recognised and influential of all composers, his best-known compositions include 9 symphonies. His career as a composer is conventionally divided into early and late periods. Beethoven was born in Bonn the capital of the Electorate of Cologne and part of the Holy Roman Empire, he displayed his musical talents at an early age and was taught by his father Johann van Beethoven and composer and conductor Christian Gottlob Neefe. At the age of 21 he moved to Vienna, where he began studying composition with Joseph Haydn and gained a reputation as a virtuoso pianist, he lived in Vienna until his death. By his late 20s his hearing began to deteriorate and by the last decade of his life he was completely deaf. In 1811 he continued to compose. Beethoven was the grandson of Ludwig van Beethoven, a musician from the town of Mechelen in the Austrian Duchy of Brabant who had moved to Bonn at the age of 21.
Ludwig was employed as a bass singer at the court of the Elector of Cologne rising to become, in 1761, Kapellmeister and thereafter the pre-eminent musician in Bonn. The portrait he commissioned of himself towards the end of his life remained displayed in his grandson's rooms as a talisman of his musical heritage. Ludwig had one son, who worked as a tenor in the same musical establishment and gave keyboard and violin lessons to supplement his income. Johann married Maria Magdalena Keverich in 1767. Beethoven was born of this marriage in Bonn. There is no authentic record of the date of his birth; as children of that era were traditionally baptised the day after birth in the Catholic Rhine country, it is known that Beethoven's family and his teacher Johann Albrechtsberger celebrated his birthday on 16 December, most scholars accept 16 December 1770 as his date of birth. Of the seven children born to Johann van Beethoven, only Ludwig, the second-born, two younger brothers survived infancy. Kaspar Anton Karl was born on 8 April 1774, Nikolaus Johann, the youngest, was born on 2 October 1776.
Beethoven's first music teacher was his father. He had other local teachers: the court organist Gilles van den Eeden, Tobias Friedrich Pfeiffer, Franz Rovantini. From the outset his tuition regime, which began in his fifth year, was harsh and intensive reducing him to tears, his musical talent was obvious at a young age. Johann, aware of Leopold Mozart's successes in this area, attempted to promote his son as a child prodigy, claiming that Beethoven was six on the posters for his first public performance in March 1778; some time after 1779, Beethoven began his studies with his most important teacher in Bonn, Christian Gottlob Neefe, appointed the Court's Organist in that year. Neefe taught him composition, by March 1783 had helped him write his first published composition: a set of keyboard variations. Beethoven soon began working with Neefe as assistant organist, at first unpaid, as a paid employee of the court chapel conducted by the Kapellmeister Andrea Luchesi, his first three piano sonatas, named "Kurfürst" for their dedication to the Elector Maximilian Friedrich, were published in 1783.
Maximilian Frederick noticed his talent early, subsidised and encouraged the young man's musical studies. Maximilian Frederick's successor as the Elector of Bonn was Maximilian Francis, the youngest son of Empress Maria Theresa of Austria, he brought notable changes to Bonn. Echoing changes made in Vienna by his brother Joseph, he introduced reforms based on Enlightenment philosophy, with increased support for education and the arts; the teenage Beethoven was certainly influenced by these changes. He may have been influenced at this time by ideas prominent in freemasonry, as Neefe and others around Beethoven were members of the local chapter of the Order of the Illuminati. In December 1786, Beethoven travelled to Vienna, at his employer's expense, for the first time in the hope of studying with Mozart; the details of their relationship are uncertain, including whether they met. Having learned that his mother was ill, Beethoven returned to Bonn in May 1787, his mother died shortly thereafter, his father lapsed deeper into alcoholism.
As a result, he became responsible for the care of his two younger brothers, spent the next five years in Bonn. He was introduced in these years to several people. Franz Wegeler, a young medical student, intro
The Abwehr was the German military intelligence service for the Reichswehr and Wehrmacht from 1920 to 1945. Despite the fact that the Treaty of Versailles prohibited the Germans altogether from establishing an intelligence organization of their own, they formed an espionage group in 1920 within the Ministry of Defense, calling it the Abwehr; the initial purpose of the Abwehr was defense against foreign espionage—an organizational role which evolved considerably. Under General Kurt von Schleicher the individual military services' intelligence units were combined and, in 1929, centralized under his Ministry of Defense, forming the foundation for the more understood manifestation of the Abwehr; each Abwehr station throughout Germany was based on army districts and more offices were opened in amenable neutral countries and in the occupied territories as the greater Reich expanded. The Ministry of Defense was renamed the Ministry of War in 1935 and replaced by Adolf Hitler altogether with the new OKW.
The OKW was part of the Führer's personal "working staff" from June 1938 and the Abwehr became its intelligence agency under Vice-Admiral Wilhelm Canaris. Its headquarters was located at 76/78 Tirpitzufer, adjacent to the offices of the OKW; the Abwehr was created in 1920 as part of the German Ministry of Defence when the German government was allowed to form the Reichswehr, the military organization of the Weimar Republic. The first head of the Abwehr was Major Friedrich Gempp, a former deputy to Colonel Walter Nicolai, the head of German intelligence during World War I, who proved ineffectual. At that time it was composed of only three officers and seven former officers, plus a clerical staff; when Gempp became a general, he was promoted out of the job as chief, to be followed by Major Günther Schwantes, whose term as the organization's leader was brief. Many members of the Reichswehr declined when asked to consider intelligence work, since for them, it was outside the realm of actual military service and the act of spying clashed with their Prussian military sensibilities of always showing themselves direct and sincere.
By the 1920s, the growing Abwehr was organised into three sections: The Reichsmarine intelligence staff merged with the Abwehr in 1928. While the Treaty of Versailles forbade Germany from engaging in any form of espionage or spying, during the Nazi era the Abwehr disregarded this prohibition, as they saw it as hypocritical. In the 1930s, with the rise of the Nazi movement, the Ministry of Defence was reorganised. Proving himself quite a capable chief, Patzig swiftly assured the military of his intentions and worked to earn their respect, his successes did not stop the other branches of the military services from developing their own intelligence staffs. After the Nazis seized power, the Abwehr began sponsoring reconnaissance flights across the border with Poland, under the direction of Patzig, but this led to confrontations with Heinrich Himmler, head of the SS. Army leaders feared that the flights would endanger the secret plans for an attack on Poland. Adolf Hitler ordered the termination of the overflights in 1934 after he signed a nonaggression treaty with Poland since these reconnaissance missions might be discovered and jeopardize the treaty.
Patzig was fired in January 1935 as a result, sent to command the new pocket battleship Admiral Graf Spee. His replacement was Wilhelm Canaris. Before he took over the Abwehr on 1 January 1935, the soon-to-be Admiral Canaris was warned by Patzig of attempts by Himmler and Reinhard Heydrich to take over all German intelligence organizations. Heydrich, who headed the Sicherheitsdienst from 1931, had a negative attitude towards the Abwehr—shaped in part by his belief that Germany's defeat in the First World War was attributable to failures of military intelligence, by his ambitions to control all political intelligence-gathering for Germany. Canaris, a master of backroom dealings, thought he knew how to deal with Himmler. Though he tried to maintain a cordial relationship with them, the antagonism between the Abwehr and the SS did not stop when Canaris took over. Not only was competition with Heydrich and Himmler's intelligence operations a hindrance, so too were the redundant attempts by multiple organizations to control communications intelligence for the Reich.
For instance, Canaris's Abwehr controlled the Armed Forces Deciphering operation, while the navy maintained its own listening service, known as the B-Dienst. Further complicating COMINT matters, the Foreign Office had its own communications security branch, the Pers Z S. Matters came to a head in 1937 when Hitler decided to help Joseph Stalin in the latter's purge of the Soviet military. Hitler ordered that the German Army staff should be kept in the dark about Stalin's intentions, for fear that they would warn their Soviet counterparts due to their long-standing relations. Accordingly, special SS teams, accompanied by burglary experts from the criminal police, broke into the secret files of the General Staff and the Abwehr and removed documents related to German-Soviet collaboration. To conceal the thefts, fires were started at the break-ins. Unaware that Canaris would try to subvert his plans, Hitler sent him as a special envoy to Madrid during the early
Philip Madoc was a Welsh actor. He performed many stage, television and film roles. On television, he played David Lloyd George in The Life and Times of David Lloyd George and the lead role in the detective series A Mind to Kill, his guest roles included multiple appearances in the cult series The Avengers and Doctor Who, as well as a famous episode of the sitcom Dad's Army. He was known to be an accomplished linguist. Madoc was born Philip Arvon Jones near Merthyr Tydfil and attended Cyfarthfa Castle Grammar School, where he was a member of the cricket and rugby teams, displayed talent as a linguist, he studied languages at the University of Wales and the University of Vienna. He spoke seven languages, including Russian and Swedish, had a working knowledge of Huron Indian and Mandarin, he worked as an interpreter, but became disenchanted with having to translate for politicians: "I did dry-as-dust jobs like political interpreting. You get to despise politicians when you have to translate the rubbish they spout."
He switched to acting and won a place at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art. Madoc acted on stage with the Royal Shakespeare Company, playing the roles of Iago, Othello and Dr Faust; as a television actor he first gained widespread recognition in two serials, first as the relentless SS Officer Lutzig in the Second World War serial Manhunt, as the vicious Huron warrior Magua in a serialisation of The Last of the Mohicans. He played a character resembling Lutzig, but for comic effect, in "The Deadly Attachment", an episode of the comedy Dad's Army in which he played a U-boat captain held prisoner by the Walmington-on-Sea platoon of the Home Guard, he records names on his "list" for the day of reckoning after the war is won, prompting Captain Mainwaring's famous line "Don't tell him, Pike!" Madoc's ability to give life to German villains surfaced in the TV series The Fortunes of War, directed by James Cellan Jones. He appeared in five episodes of the TV series The Avengers between 1963 and 1969.
In 1974 he played Vicar Davyd, in the BBC Wales serial Hawkmoor. In 1977 he appeared as Dr Evans in the television adaptation of Andrea Newman's book Another Bouquet. Madoc starred in the detective series A Mind to Kill as DCI Noel Bain; this series was made in Welsh and English from 1994 to 2002. He appeared in episodes of the BBC sitcoms The Good Life and Porridge, in a controversial episode of The Goodies, which satirised Apartheid, he took the lead role in the BBC Wales drama The Times of David Lloyd George. Films in which Madoc appeared included Operation Crossbow, The Quiller Memorandum, Berserk!, Doppelgänger, Hell Boats, Dr. Jekyll and Sister Hyde, Soft Beds, Hard Battles and Operation Daybreak, his film performances included Leon Trotsky in Zina, Jimmy Murphy in the football movie Best. Madoc presented an educational 1960s BBC television series, Komm mit! Wir sprechen Deutsch: German by television. Madoc appeared in the second Doctor Who film, Daleks' Invasion Earth 2150 A. D. and in the BBC series itself.
He appeared in two Second Doctor serials — The Krotons where he played Eelek, a high-ranking member of Gond Society, The War Games, where he played the villainous alien War Lord. In the 1970s he appeared in The Power of Kroll, he recorded DVD commentaries for The Krotons, The War Games and The Brain of Morbius and was interviewed about his roles in Doctor Who in the short film "Philip Madoc - a Villain for All Seasons", which appeared as an extra on the DVD for The Power of Kroll. In 2003, he guest-starred in the Big Finish Doctor Who audio adventure and returned to Big Finish in the 2008 Sixth Doctor story Return of the Krotons, he voiced the War King in the Faction Paradox audio series. He appeared twice in the drama series UFO, once as the partner of Ed Straker's estranged wife and once as the captain of a British warship under attack by the aliens. In the pilot episode of Space: 1999 he had a brief appearance as Commander Anton Gorski, replaced by Commander John Koenig for the remainder of the series.
In addition to his minor role of Anton Gorski, his likeness appeared in the comic book adaptation of the Space 1999 saga, where his character's minor role was expanded upon. He made a guest appearance in Survivors. Madoc's voice can be heard reading Bible quotations on a variant of the VoCo alarm clock, he starred as Ellis Peters's medieval detective Brother Cadfael in the BBC Radio 4 Adaptations of Monk's Hood, The Virgin in the Ice and Dead Man's Ransom. He recorded a 12-CD audiobook of selections from Edward Gibbon's Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire. In 2001 Madoc voiced the role of "Prospero" for the BBC Radio 3 production of The Tempest. Madoc read the 2011 audiobook retranslation Dr Zhivago; the Welsh actor voiced Gwydion in Y Mabinogi, featuring Jenny Livsey and Matthew Rhys. In 2007 Madoc appeared as "Y Llywydd" in the S4C gangster series Y Pris, in which he spoke in his native Welsh, he was the narrator for the Discovery Channel documentary series Egypt Uncovered. The Mayor in The Government Inspector by Nikolai Gogol.
Directed by Braham Murray at the Royal Exchange, Manchester. Claudius in Hamlet. Directed by Braham Murray at the Royal Exchange, Manchester. Father Mapple in Moby Dick. World premiere adapted and directed by Michael Elliott at
Timothy Sydney Robert Hardy was an English actor who had a long career in theatre and television. He began his career as a classical actor and earned widespread recognition for roles such as Siegfried Farnon in the BBC television series All Creatures Great and Small, Cornelius Fudge in the Harry Potter film series and Winston Churchill in several productions, beginning with the Southern Television series Winston Churchill: The Wilderness Years, he was nominated for the BAFTA for Best Actor for All Creatures Great and Small in 1980 and Winston Churchill: The Wilderness Years in 1982. Aside from acting, Hardy was an acknowledged expert on the medieval English longbow and wrote two books on the subject. Hardy was born in Cheltenham in 1925 to Jocelyn and Henry Harrison Hardy, the headmaster of Cheltenham College and of Shrewsbury School, he was educated at Rugby School and Magdalen College, where his studies were interrupted by service in the Royal Air Force during World War II. He trained as a pilot, receiving part of his instruction in Terrell, Texas, in the British Flying Training School Program.
While he visited Los Angeles when on leave from flight training at Terrell, his acting career never gained a foothold in Hollywood. After service in the RAF, he returned to gain a BA in English. On BBC Radio 4's Desert Island Discs he described the degree he obtained as "shabby", although he treasured the time spent studying under C. S. Lewis and J. R. R. Tolkien. Hardy began his career as a classical actor. In 1959 he appeared as Sicinius opposite Laurence Olivier in Coriolanus at Stratford-upon-Avon, directed by Peter Hall, he appeared in Shakespeare's Henry V on stage and in television's An Age of Kings, subsequently played Coriolanus in The Spread of the Eagle and Sir Toby Belch for the BBC Television Shakespeare production of Twelfth Night in 1980. Over the years, Hardy played a range of parts on film, his first continuing role in a TV series was as businessman Alec Stewart in the award-winning oil company drama The Troubleshooters for the BBC, which he played from 1966 to 1970. He won further acclaim for his portrayal of the mentally-unhinged Abwehr Sgt.
Gratz in LWT's 1969 war drama Manhunt. In 1975, Hardy portrayed Albert, Prince Consort in the award-winning 13-hour serial Edward the Seventh, which he regarded as one of his best performances. "I thought. There are always people who don't like what one does."He was seen as the irascible senior veterinarian Siegfried Farnon in the long-running All Creatures Great and Small, an adaptation of James Herriot's semi-autobiographical books. Hardy made an appearance in the 1986–88 ITV comedy series Hot Metal, in which he played the dual roles of newspaper proprietor Twiggy Rathbone and his editor, Russell Spam. In 1993 Hardy appeared in an episode of Inspector Morse, playing Andrew Baydon in "Twilight of the Gods". In 1994, he played Arthur Brooke in the BBC production of Middlemarch. In 2002, he played the role of pompous and eccentric Professor Neddy Welch in a WTTV/WGBH Boston co-production of Lucky Jim, adapted from the novel by Kingsley Amis, it aired as part of the Masterpiece series on PBS in the U.
S. and starred Stephen Tompkinson in the title role of Jim Dixon, a luckless lecturer at a provincial British university. Hardy played both Winston Churchill and Franklin D. Roosevelt, each on more than one occasion, he played Churchill most notably in Winston Churchill: The Wilderness Years, for which he was nominated for a BAFTA award, but in The Sittaford Mystery, Bomber Harris and War and Remembrance. On 20 August 2010, he read Churchill's famous wartime address "Never was so much owed by so many to so few" at a ceremony to mark the 70th anniversary of the speech, he played Roosevelt in the BBC serial and Elizabeth, in the French TV mini-series, Le Grand Charles, about the life of Charles de Gaulle. He played Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester, in Elizabeth R, took the role of Sir John Middleton in the 1995 film version of Sense and Sensibility, his big screen roles included Professor Krempe in Mary Shelley's Frankenstein and Minister of Magic Cornelius Fudge in the Harry Potter films. His voice performance as Robin Hood in Tale Spinners For Children, an LP from the 1960s, is considered one of the best Robin Hood renditions.
His voice was the voice of D'Artagnan in The Three Musketeers, of Frédéric Chopin, in The Story of Chopin. Hardy was appointed a Commander of the Order of the British Empire in the 1981 Birthday Honours, his first marriage, in 1952, was to the daughter of Sir Lionel Fox. This marriage ended in 1956. In 1961 he married Sally Pearson, the daughter of the baronet Sir Neville Pearson and Dame Gladys Cooper as well as a sister-in-law of Robert Morley. From this marriage, which ended in 1986, Hardy had two other children, one of whom is Justine Hardy, a journalist and psychotherapist who founded Healing Kashmir, his daughter, Emma, is a mother of a photographer. He was a close friend of actor Richard Burton, he shared some memories of their wartime friendship and read extracts from Burton's newly-published diaries at the Cheltenham Literature Festival in 2012. While playing Henry V, Hardy developed an interest in medieval warfare, in 1963 he wrote and presented an acclaimed television documentary on the subject of the Battle of Agincourt.
He wrote two books on the subject of the longbow, Longbow: A Social and Military History, The Great W
Julian Wyatt Glover is an English classical actor, with many stage and film roles since commencing his career in the 1950s. He is a recipient of the Laurence Olivier Award. Glover has performed many times for the Royal Shakespeare Company, his film roles have included General Maximilian Veers in The Empire Strikes Back, Aristotle Kristatos in the James Bond film For Your Eyes Only, Walter Donovan in Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade, Brian Harcourt-Smith in The Fourth Protocol. He voiced the giant spider Aragog in Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets. Glover has appeared on television in Britain, including guest appearances in cult series such as The Avengers, The Saint, Doctor Who, Blake's 7 and Remington Steele. From 2011 to 2016, he played the recurring supporting role of Grand Maester Pycelle in HBO's Game of Thrones, in January 2013, appeared as General Beauvilliers in the BBC drama Spies of Warsaw. Glover was born in Hampstead, the son of Honor Ellen Morgan, a BBC journalist, Claude Gordon Glover, a BBC radio producer.
Glover and Wyatt divorced in the 1940s, after the birth of a daughter and Honor Wyatt subsequently married George Ellidge. Julian Glover's younger half-brother is the musician Robert Wyatt. Glover has been twice married to actresses: Eileen Atkins and Isla Blair, with whom he has a son, actor Jamie Glover. Glover attended Bristol Grammar School, where he was in the same class as actor Timothy West and the actor who played Darth Vader, David Prowse, he attended Alleyn's School in Dulwich and trained at the National Youth Theatre, performing with the Royal Shakespeare Company. In the early 1950s, he appeared in several shows at Unity Theatre, London before becoming a regular in 1960s and 1970s British television series such as The Avengers, The Saint, Strange Report, Doctor Who and Blake's 7. In 1967, Glover featured as Professor Quatermass' nemesis Colonel Breen in the Hammer Films production of Quatermass and the Pit, an adaptation of Nigel Kneale's 1958–59 BBC TV original, he has appeared twice in Doctor Who: as Richard the Lionheart in the 1965 serial The Crusade.
Glover recorded DVD commentaries for The Crusade episode "The Wheel of Fortune" and for City of Death. In the 1980s, Glover made some of his most notable appearances: the Imperial general Maximilian Veers in The Empire Strikes Back, the ruthless Greek villain Aristotle Kristatos in the James Bond film For Your Eyes Only and the deceptive American Nazi Walter Donovan in Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade. On television, he played the leading role of Sir Martin Lacey in the BBC English Civil War drama series By the Sword Divided, played the guest role of surgeon Arnold Richardson in a 1989 episode of the BBC medical drama Casualty, he has played a leading role in the British film Brash Young Turks. In the 2002 film version of Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets, Glover voiced the giant spider Aragog. Glover has been associated with the epic poem Beowulf since the 1980s and has delivered staged interpretations in various forms taking the role of an Anglo-Saxon gleeman or traveller poet, delivering an abridged version of the tale while stood around a mead hall hearth and rendering selected passages in the poem's original Old English.
This adaptation has been shown in documentaries on both the English language and Anglo-Saxon England and was used for historian Michael Wood's documentary on the poem broadcast during the BBC Poetry Season in 2009. In 2009, Glover played the role of Mr. Brownlow in the West End revival of the musical Oliver! at the Theatre Royal, Drury Lane. In the short film Battle for Britain, Glover played a 101-year-old Polish veteran Royal Air Force pilot. Glover portrayed the character of Grand Maester Pycelle in the HBO series Game of Thrones between 2011 and 2016 appearing in a total of 31 episodes across the first six seasons of the show. In 2013, Glover played the role of General Beauvilliers in the BBC Four drama series The Spies of Warsaw. In May 2014, he played the character Joe Goodridge in two episodes of the BBC TV medical drama series Holby City. In the same year, he portrayed an old man in horror thriller Backtrack. Glover is an Associate Member of the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art. In 1993, Glover was awarded the Laurence Olivier Award for Best Actor in a Supporting Role for his title role in the Royal Shakespeare Company's 1992 production of Henry IV, Part 1 and Part 2.
Theatre critic Michael Billington called his portrayal of the king in that production "superb". Glover was appointed a Commander of the Order of the British Empire in the 2013 Birthday Honours for services to drama. 1963( Tovarich Episode: "Never Turn Your Back On A Friend" Julian Glover on IMDb Julian Glover at the TCM Movie Database Julian Glover at AllMovie
Peter Wynn Barkworth was an English actor. He twice won the BAFTA TV Award for Best Actor, he starred in the ITV series Manhunt and the BBC series Telford's Change. His film appearances included Where Eagles Dare, International Velvet and Champions. Peter Barkworth was born at Kent. Soon after his birth, the family moved to Bramhall in Cheshire and Barkworth was educated at Stockport School, his headmaster wanted him to go to university but Barkworth had set his heart on a career in acting. In 1946 he won a scholarship to RADA, he spent the next few years in repertory in Folkestone, with the Arthur Brough company, in Sheffield. From the mid-1950s to the early 1960s he taught acting technique at RADA. Television and film appearances followed over four decades, he is best remembered for playing Mark Telford in the TV series Telford's Change, watched every week by seven million viewers. This series followed the life of a senior banking executive as he downsized to Dover to start his life over again, leaving his wife in London.
Barkworth co-starred with Keith Barron as her seducer. Barkworth twice won the BAFTA TV Award for Best Actor, in 1975 for Crown Matrimonial and in 1978 for his roles in Professional Foul and The Country Party, his character in the 1965 boardroom drama The Power Game was a recurring role. In the late 1960s, he appeared in a leading role as Vincent in the World War II drama series Manhunt on LWT and various episodes of The Avengers, he had a part in the Doctor Who serial The Ice Warriors as Leader Clent. Barkworth played the expatriate British novelist Hugh Neville in the episodes Guilt and Lost Sheep of Secret Army. TV included the part of Stanley Baldwin in Winston Churchill: The Wilderness Years, the serials The Price and Late Starter in both of which he played angst-filled, middle-aged, middle class characters beset by marital problems in the context of a kidnapping and the early retirement of an academic. Both these series and Telford's Change were based on Barkworth's original ideas, he had a leading guest role as Colonel Ross in the 1988 episode "Silver Blaze", from season four of the 1984 Sherlock Holmes TV series Back on the stage, Barkworth appeared in numerous plays in the West End, notably as Edward VIII in Royce Ryton's Crown Matrimonial starring alongside Wendy Hiller at the Haymarket Theatre in 1972, a role which he repeated on TV two years later.
He devised a one-man show based on the work of Siegfried Sassoon. His film career began in 1951 with A Touch of Larceny, he had subsequent roles in No Love for Johnnie, Two a Penny, Where Eagles Dare, Escape from the Dark, International Velvet and Champions. His last appearance was in the film Wilde in 1997, he retired from acting. Barkworth was a member of the Council at RADA for 16 years during the 1990s, his book About Acting – titled The Complete About Acting – is recommended reading for students and professional actors alike. He edited For All Occasions: A Selection of Poems and Party Pieces, he was an avid collector of British art. He left his collection of paintings to the National Trust and they are displayed at Fenton House in Hampstead; the works include two small Constables, several paintings by artists from the Camden Town Group, many watercolours. Barkworth lived in Hampstead for many years, died at the Royal Free Hospital in London of bronchopneumonia 10 days after suffering a stroke.
He never married. In The Sunday Times, John Peter wrote: Stockport College has a theatre named after him. Peter Barkworth on IMDb Biography of Peter Barkworth Loose Cannon's Hall Of Fame Brit actor Peter Barkworth dies BBC News, 25 October 2006