Daniel Hudson Burnham, was an American architect and urban designer. He was the Director of Works for the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, colloquially referred to as "The White City". Burnham took a leading role in the creation of master plans for the development of a number of cities, including Chicago, Manila and downtown Washington, D. C, he designed several famous buildings, including the Flatiron Building of triangular shape in New York City, Union Station in Washington D. C. the Continental Trust Company Building tower skyscraper in Baltimore, a number of notable skyscrapers in Chicago. Although best known for his skyscrapers, city planning, for the White City one third of Burnham's total output – 14.7 million square feet – consisted of buildings for shopping. Burnham was born in Henderson, New York and raised in the teachings of the Swedenborgian called The New Church, which ingrained in him the strong belief that man should strive to be of service to others. At the age of eight Burnham moved to Chicago and his father established there a wholesale drug business, which became a success.
Burham was not a good student. He went east at the age of 18 to be taught by private tutors in order to pass the admissions examinations for Harvard and Yale, failing both because of a bad case of test anxiety. In 1867, when he was 21, he returned to Chicago and took an apprenticeship as a draftsman under William LeBaron Jenney of the architectural firm Loring & Jenney. Architecture seemed to be the calling he was lookoing for, he told his parents that he wanted to become "the greatest architect in the city or country."Nevertheless, the young Burnham still had a streak of wanderlust in him, in 1869 he left his apprenticeship to go to Nevada with friends to try mining gold, at which he failed. He ran for the Nevada state legislature and failed to be elected. Broke, he took a position with the architect L. G. Laurean; when the Great Chicago Fire hit the city in October 1871, it seemed as if there would be endless work for architects, but Burnham chose to strike out again, becoming first a salesman of plate glass windows a druggist.
He quit the second. He remarked on "a family tendency to get tired of doing the same thing for long." At age 26, Burnham moved on to the Chicago offices of Carter and Wight, where he met future business partner John Wellborn Root, 21, four years younger than Burnham. The two became friends and opened an architectural office together in 1873. Unlike his previous ventures, Burnham stuck to this one. Burnham and Root went on to become a successful firm, their first major commission came from Tj Smith, the superintendent of the massive Union Stock Yards in Chicago, which provided the liveliehood – directly or indirectly – for one-fifth of the city's population. Sherman hired the firm to build for him a mansion on Prairie Avenue at Twenty-first Street among the mansions of Chicago's other merchant barons. Root made the initial design. Burnham supervised the construction, it was on the construction site that he met Sherman's daughter, whom Burnham would marry in 1876 after a short courtship. Sherman would commission other projects from Burnham and Root, including the Stone Gate, an entry portal to the stockyards, which became a Chicago landmark.
In 1881, the firm was commissioned to build the Montauk Building, which would be the tallest building in Chicago at that time. To solve the problem of the city's water-saturated sandy soil and bedrock 125 feet below the surface, Root came up with a plan to dig down to a “hardpan” layer of clay on, laid a 2-foot thick pad of concrete overlaid with steel rails placed at right-angles to form a lattice “grill,”, filled with Portland cement; this "floating foundation" was, in effect, artificially-created bedrock on which the building could be constructed. The completed building was so tall in comparison to existing buildings that it defied easy description, the name "skyscraper" was coined to describe it. Thomas Talmadge, an architect and architectural critic, said of the building, "What Chartres was to the Gothic cathedral, the Montauk Block was to the high commercial building." Burnham and Root went on to build more of the first American skyscrapers, such as the Masonic Temple Building in Chicago.
Measuring 21 stories and 302 feet, the temple held claims as the tallest building of its time, but was torn down in 1939. The talents of the two partners were complementary. Both men were artists and gifted architects, but Root had a knack for conceiving elegant designs and was able to see at once the totality of the necessary structure. Burnham, on the other hand, excelled at bringing in clients and supervising the building of Root's designs, they each appreciated the value of the other to the firm. Burnham took steps to ensure that their employees were happy: he installed a gym in the office, gave fencing lessons and let employees play handball at lunch time. Root, a pianist and organist, gave piano recitals in the office on a rented piano. Paul Starrett, who joined the office in 1888, said "The office was full of a rush of work, but the spirit of the place was delightfully free and easy and human in comparison to other offices I had worked in."Although the firm was successful, there were several notable setbacks.
One of their designs, the Grannis Block, in which their office was located, burned down in 1885, necessitating a move to the top floor of The Rookery, another of their designs. In 1888, a Kansas City, hotel they had designed collapsed during c
Transportation in Metro Manila
The transportation system in Metro Manila is woefully inadequate to accommodate the mobility and other basic needs of an overpopulated metropolis, the result of many factors and problems that the government has failed to provide or address. Metro Manila exists in a state of near-permanent gridlock, with people and goods trapped by the transportation system, supposed to move them and efficiently; because of the insufficient public transportation network, car ownership has risen contributing further to the congestion that occurs at all times of day on the road. Filipinos view cars as tools to get them to. In recent years, the Philippine government has been pushing to improve the system through various infrastructure projects, hoping to solve the interlinked problems of transportation, land use and environment. Since the government shifted the infrastructure needs of Metro Manila into sharper focus with the "Build Build Build" program of the Duterte administration, traffic relief will become a reality.
The program aims to usher in "a golden age of infrastructure" in the country, with most of the 75 projects lined up and in various stages of completion directly impacting the Greater Capital Region, composed of Metro Manila, Region 3 and Region 4A. The existing main roads of Metro Manila are organized around a set of Radial and Circumferential roads established during the American period in the country's history. All R roads originate from various points in the city of Manila and radiate south, east or north to the other cities in Metro Manila and end farther out into the Greater Capital Region and beyond. In a similar way, all C roads run in a half circle that begins and ends at Manila Bay, with Manila at the innermost circle. R-1 - Anchored on Roxas Blvd, from Bonifacio Drive up to and including Cavitex in Kawit, Cavite. A portion of Roxas Blvd is designated as Highway N61. R-2 - Anchored on Taft Avenue, from the Lagusnilad Underpass in front of Manila City Hall up to and including Aguinaldo Highway in Cavite.
Part of the road is designated Highway N62. R-3 - Anchored on Osmena Highway/SLEX, from Quirino Avenue through to the Santo Tomas exit in Batangas. R-4 - The road is incomplete, it starts from Pedro Gil Street through Makati where the main part of the road is J. P. Rizal Avenue. From there, the road is undefined until it reaches Pateros and Taytay before ending at the Manggahan Floodway. R-5 - Anchored on Shaw Boulevard and Ortigas Avenue, from V. Mapa Street up to and including the Manila East Road. Part of the road is designated as Highway N60. R-6 - Anchored on Magsaysay Boulevard and Aurora Boulevard, from Legarda Street up to and including the Marikina-Infanta Highway; the road is designated as either Highway N59 or N180. R-7 - Anchored on Espana Boulevard, Quezon Avenue and Commonwealth Avenue, from Lerma up to and including Quirino Highway to Bulacan. R-8 - Anchored on Dimasalang Street and NLEX, from Quiapo to Clark in Pampanga. R-9 - Anchored on Rizal Avenue, from Carriedo to MacArthur Highway in Rosario, Pangasinan.
R-10 - Anchored on Marcos Road in Tondo, from the Del Pan Bridge up to the intersection with C-4. C-1 - Anchored on Recto Avenue and Ayala Avenue, from Tondo to the Luneta Park. C-2 - Anchored on Lacson and Quirino avenues, from Tondo to Roxas Boulevard. C-3 - An incomplete road, anchored on Araneta Avenue, from R-10 in Navotas to Buendia Avenue in Pasay, with the broken segment in Makati. C-4 - Dominated by the whole length of EDSA, from the R-10 intersection to the Mall of Asia in Pasay. C-5 - Segments are incomplete but under construction, from NLEX Karuhatan segment to the FTI area in Taguig, to the Coastal Road in Las Pinas. C-6 - The beltway of Metro Manila, it will be anchored by the Southeast Metro Manila Expressway under construction, from MacArthur Highway in Marilao, Bulacan to Bacoor, Cavite; the only primary road in Metro Manila not included in the Arterial Road System is Dr. Arcadio Santos Avenue in Paranaque, designated as Highway N63. Expressways are assigned numbers with the E prefix.
Expressways are limited-access roads, with crossing traffic limited to overpasses and interchanges. Metro Manila is served by five of the six designated expressways in the country: E1 - NLEX Main, SCTEX, TPLEX E2 - Skyway, SLEX, STAR Tollway E3 - CAVITEX, CALAX E4 - Subic-Tipo Expressway, SCTEX E5 - NLEX Mindanao Avenue-Karuhatan-Caloocan Link E6 - NAIA Expressway There are a total of 32 bridge spans in Metro Manila that cross the Pasig and Marikina rivers, including four rail-only bridges, the Line 1, Line 2, Line 3 and the PNR tracks; the bridges are listed below in west to east order, with the first bridge nearest to the mouth of the Pasig River into Manila Bay. Roxas Bridge - called Del Pan Bridge Jones Bridge - called Puente de España MacArthur Bridge Line 1 Quezon Bridge Ayala Bridge Mabini Bridge - called Nagtahan Bridge Philippine National Railways Padre Zamora Bridge called Pandacan Bridge Lambingan Bridge Makati-Mandaluyong Bridge Line 3 Estrella–Pantaleon Bridge Guadalupe Bridge C.
P. Garcia Bridge Kaunlaran Bridge
Joseph "Erap" Ejercito Estrada is a Filipino politician and former actor who served as the 13th President of the Philippines from 1998 to 2001 and as the ninth Vice President of the Philippines from 1992 to 1998. In 2001, he became the first president in Asia to be impeached from an executive role, he has been Mayor of the City of Manila, the country's capital, since 2013. Estrada gained popularity as a film actor, playing the lead role in over a hundred films in an acting career spanning some three decades, model, started as a fashion and ramp model at the age of 13, he used his popularity as an actor to make gains in politics, serving as Mayor of San Juan from 1969 to 1986, as Senator from 1987 to 1992 as Vice-President under President Fidel V. Ramos from 1992 to 1998. Estrada was elected President in 1998 with a wide margin of votes separating him from the other challengers, was sworn into the presidency on June 30, 1998. In 2000 he declared an "all-out-war" against the Moro Islamic Liberation Front and captured its headquarters and other camps.
However, allegations of corruption spawned an impeachment trial in the Senate, in 2001 Estrada was ousted by "People Power 2" after the prosecution walked out of the impeachment court when the senator-judges voted "no" in the opening of the second envelope. In 2007, Estrada was sentenced by the special division of the Sandiganbayan to reclusión perpetua for the plunder of stealing $80 million from the government and was sentenced to a lifetime in prison, but was granted pardon by President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo, he ran for president again in the 2010 presidential election, but was defeated by Senator Benigno Aquino III by a wide margin. José Marcelo Ejército Sr. was born at 8:25 pm on April 19, 1937 at Manuguit Maternity Hospital in Tondo, an urban district of Manila. His family moved to the wealthy suburb of San Juan, he belonged to a wealthy family, was the eighth of ten children of Emilio Ejercito Sr. and his wife, Maria Marcelo. After graduating from the Ateneo elementary school in 1951, he was expelled during his second year of secondary studies at the Ateneo High School for disciplinary conduct.
During college he enrolled in a civil engineering course at the Mapúa Institute of Technology in an effort to please his father. However, he would leave once again and transferred to Central Colleges of the Philippines but dropped out. In his twenties, he began a career as a drama actor playing the role of the villain/antagonist, he adopted the stage name "Joseph Estrada", as his mother objected to his chosen career and his decision to quit schooling multiple times. He acquired the nickname "Erap" from his friend, fellow actor Fernando Poe, Jr. Joseph Estrada is the first President to have worked in the entertainment industry as a popular artist, for being the first to sport any sort of facial hair during his term his trademark acting mustaches and wristbands. Estrada is married to former First Lady-turned-senator Dr. Luisa "Loi" Pimentel, whom he met while she was working at the National Center for Mental Health in Mandaluyong City, has three children with her: Jose "Jinggoy" Ejercito, Jr, Mayor of San Juan.
With former actress Peachy Osorio: Joel Eduardo "Jojo" Ejercito Teresita "Tetchie" EjercitoWith incumbent San Juan City Mayor Guia Gomez: Joseph Victor Ejercito. With a former air hostess, publicly known only by the name "Larena": Jason EjercitoWith former actress Laarni Enriquez: Jerika Ejercito Juan Emilio "Jake" Ejercito Jacob EjercitoWith former air hostess Joy Melendrez: Joma Ejercito Several of Ejercito's relatives became prominent figures in politics and showbiz. Jorge Ejercito, brother. R. Ejercito, son of George Estregan and nephew. Gary Ejercito, nephew. Gherome Ejercito, nephew, he was the first FAMAS Hall of Fame recipient for Best Actor and became a Hall of Fame award-winner as a producer. He played heroes of the lower classes, making him popular among several impoverished citizens; this proved advantageous to his political career. In 1974 Estrada founded the Movie Workers Welfare Foundation, which helps filmmakers through medical reimbursements, hospitalization and death benefits and alternative income opportunities and housing.
Its educational arm, the Mowelfund Film Institute, has produced some of the most skilled and respected producers, filmmakers and performers in both the independent and mainstream sectors of the industry since its inception in 1979. He founded, together with Guillermo de Vega, the first Metro Manila Film Festival in 1975. Estrada entered politics in 1967, running for mayor of San Juan, Metro Manila a municipality of Rizal and only succeeding in 1969 after winning an electoral protest against Braulio Sto. Domingo, his administration was marked by unequaled accomplishments in infrastructure development. These included the establishment of the first Municipal High School, the Agora complex, a modern slaughterhouse, a sprawli
Ramón Delaraga Bagatsing was the longest-serving Mayor of Manila. He is the only Indian Filipino and person with disability to serve as Mayor of the City of Manila from 1971 to 1986. Bagatsing holds the unique distinction of being the only person to survive both the Bataan Death March and the military hero for the Liberation of Manila during the Second World War and the Plaza Miranda bombing in 1971. Before occupying the city's highest office, Bagatsing served as a Representative to Congress for Manila, member of Cabinet, lay minister, policeman, he earned the moniker "The Incorruptible" for his clean record in public service and for his unwavering anti-graft and corruption stance. Bagatsing was born on August 19, 1916, in Fabrica, Negros Occidental to Amado Bagatsing, a Punjabi immigrant of the Jat tribe from British India, Dionisia Delaraga, a native Filipina of ethnic Ilonggo descent, his father named Mataram Singh, had arrived from his native Banga town near Khatkar Kalan in Punjab, who inspired by the deeds of famous Indian revolutionary Bhagat Singh founded Manila chapter of Indian Indian Ghadar Party to support the Indian independence movement and changed his name from Mataram Singh Banga to Bhagat Singh, which in corrupted form bagatsing became the de facto family name for his future generations, though their real family name is Banga clan of Jats from Punjab in India.
The young Ramón worked as a bus conductor, night watchman, security guard to augment his basic and school expenses. To escape the hardships of poverty, he left his home province for Manila. Bagatsing began his stint as a patrolman with the Manila Police Department from 1939 to 1941; when the Second World War broke out in 1941, he enlisted with the United States Army Forces in the Far East. He began as a First Sergeant from 1941 to 1943, was promoted to First Lieutenant in 1944 to Captain in 1945, Major in 1946, he is a survivor of the Bataan Death March, where he was able to escape from soldiers of the Imperial Japanese Army. For his military service, Bagatsing was awarded the American Defense Ribbon, the Philippine Defense Ribbon, the Philippine Liberation Medal, the Asia-Pacific Campaign Medal and the Plaque of the Silver Kris of the Philippine Veterans Federation, he was National Commander of the Defenders of Bataan and Corregidor and a member of the Philippine Veterans Legion, American Legion and American Disabled Veterans.
With the war over, he continued his law studies while working as the driver of the company bus of Elizalde & Co. From 1947 to 1957, he climbed the corporate ladder to become the company's Public Relations and Personnel Manager, during the same period, passed the bar examinations and became a lawyer, he was a bank safe and home safety box salesman. Bagatsing first entered public service in the 1957 elections when his province mate, then-presidential candidate and former Speaker of the House of Representatives of the Philippines José Yulo, convinced him to run for Congress in Manila's third district of Sampaloc, Sta. Mesa, Santa Ana, San Miguel, Bacolod, he was elected Congressman for the first time and was the Chairman of the important House Veterans Committee. He was elected again as Congressman in 1961 and held the chairmanship of the powerful Justice Committee; as a legislator, Bagatsing authored several laws, such as the Philippine Veterans Act, the National Stud Farm Law, the laws creating the Bureau of Immigration, the Integrated Bar of the Philippines, the National Defense College of the Philippines and the Eulogio "Amang" Rodríguez Institute of Schience and Technology, among others.
After his second term, he joined the Cabinet, becoming the country's chief graft-buster as Head of the Presidential Agency on Reforms and Government Operations from 1967 to 1969. During his stint at PARGO, Bagatsing was dubbed by the Philippine Free Press as "The Incorruptible" for his prosecution of several high-profile corruption cases against prominent and high-ranking officials, including the conviction and expulsion of a city mayor for graft. In 1969, he ran again for his old congressional seat in Manila and was overwhelmingly elected to a third term. During his ten years, or three terms, in the Philippine House of Representatives, Bagatsing was awarded and included in the lists of the country's "Ten Most Outstanding Congressmen" and "The 10 Most Useful Legislators of the Republic", he was a leading reformer and a relentless crusader against the spread of communism in the Asia-Pacific region of the world as the founding chairman of the Philippine Anti-Communist League. Bagatsing was one of the survivors of the Plaza Miranda bombing on August 21, 1971, at that time considered one of the bloodiest political massacres in Philippine history.
Nine were killed and a hundred more—including Bagatsing—were wounded after two grenades were thrown on the stage by still-unknown assailants. The public rally was meant to be Bagatsing's official proclamation as mayoral candidate for Manila of the opposition Liberal Party, he was among the three most critically injured, along with Senators Jovito Salonga and Sergio Osmeña, Jr. who nearly lost their lives as they were front and center on the elevated platform, the epicenter of the bomb blast. Others who were hurt included prominent Philippine politicians such as Gerardo Roxas, Eva Estrada-Kalaw, Genaro Magsaysay, Ramon Mitra, Eddie Ilarde, Salipada Pendatun, Roberto Oca Jr. and John Osmeña. Bagatsing was clinically dead until he was revived by emergency medical staff in the hospital, being confined for three months while undergoing numerous delic
Binondo is a district in Manila and is referred to as the city's Chinatown and is the world's oldest Chinatown. Its influence extends beyond to the places of Santa Cruz, San Nicolas and Tondo, it is the oldest Chinatown in the world, established in 1594 by the Spaniards as a settlement near Intramuros but across the Pasig River for Catholic Chinese, it was positioned so that colonial rulers could keep a close eye on their migrant subjects. It was a hub of Chinese commerce before the Spanish colonial period. Binondo is the center of commerce and trade of Manila, where all types of business run by Filipino-Chinese thrive. Noted residents include St. Lorenzo Ruiz, the Filipino protomartyr, Venerable Mother Ignacia del Espiritu Santo, founder of the Congregation of the Religious of the Virgin Mary. Numerous theories on the origin of the name "Binondo", that of "Tondo", its neighboring district, have been put forward. Philippine National Artist Nick Joaquin suggested that the names might have been derived from the archaic spelling of the Tagalog term "binondoc", or mountainous, referring to Binondo's hilly terrain.
French linguist Jean-Paul Potet, has suggested that the river mangrove, which at the time was called "tundok", is the most origin of the term, with the'Bi-" prefix in "Binondo" indicating Binondo's location relative to tondo. Founded in 1594, Binondo was created by Spanish Governor Luis Pérez Dasmariñas as a permanent settlement for Chinese immigrants who converted to Catholicism, it was across the river from the walled city of Intramuros. It was intended to replace the Parian near Intramuros, where the Chinese were first confined, it is considered the oldest original business district of Manila. The Spanish gave a land grant for Binondo to a group of Chinese merchants and artisans in perpetuity, tax-free and with limited self-governing privileges; the Spanish Dominican fathers made Binondo their parish and succeeded in converting many of the residents to Catholicism. Binondo soon became the place where Chinese immigrants converted to Catholicism, intermarried with indigenous Filipino women and had children, who became the Chinese mestizo community.
Over the years, the Chinese mestizo population of Binondo grew rapidly. This was caused because the lack of Chinese immigrant females and the Spanish officials' policy of expelling or killing Chinese immigrants who refused to convert. In 1603 a Chinese revolt took place led by a wealthy Catholic Chinese, it was put down by joint Filipino forces led by Luis Pérez Dasmariñas. In the aftermath most of the 20,000 Chinese that composed the colony were killed; the revolt took place right after a visit to Manila by three official Chinese representatives who disclosed they were searching for "a mountain of gold". This strange claim prompted the Spanish to conclude that there was an imminent invasion from China in the making. At the time the local Chinese outnumbered the Spaniards by twenty to one, Spanish authorities feared that they would join the invading forces; the Chinese afterward played down those events in an attempt to preserve their commercial interests. In 1605 a Fukien official issued a letter claiming that the Chinese who had participated in the revolt were unworthy of China's protection, describing them as "deserters of the tombs of their ancestors".
During the brief British occupation of Manila, between 1762 and 1764, Binondo was bombarded on several occasions and some of its structures destroyed. Many Spanish, Mestizos and Filipinos were killed and brought into prisons indiscriminately. Binondo became the main center for business and finance in Manila for the ethnic Chinese, Chinese mestizos and Spanish Filipinos. During the Spanish colonial period, many esteros were constructed in the Binondo area, from where they entered the Pasig River. Among the many who married at the historic Binondo Church was Andres Bonifacio in 1895, who became a hero of the Philippine Revolution. Before World War II, Binondo was the centre of a banking and financial community which included insurance companies, commercial banks and other financial institutions from Britain and the United States; these banks were located along Escólta, which used to be called the "Wall Street of the Philippines". After the war and new development, most businesses began to relocate to the newer area of Makati.
During the financial crisis of the early 1980s, it had the moniker "Binondo Central Bank", as the local Chinese businessmen engaged in massive black market trading of US dollars, which determined the national peso-dollar exchange rate. Given its rich historical and financial significance, Binondo is said to have one of the highest land values nationwide; the largest barangay in Binondo is Barangay 292. Zone 27: 287, 288, 289, 290, 291Zone 28: 292, 293, 294, 295, 296 Plaza San Lorenzo Ruiz Binondo Church Escolta Street Binondo was mentioned several times in the novels of Dr. José Rizal, for example, in Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo. El Hogar Filipino Building Davao Chinatown Media related to Binondo at Wikimedia Commons Binondo travel guide from Wikivoyage
Manila Standard is a broadsheet newspaper in the Philippines owned as of 2017 by the Romualdez family. The Romualdezes, through former congressman Martin Romualdez own Journal Publications, Inc. the owner of tabloid papers People's Journal and People's Tonight. Established as the Manila Standard in 1987, it merged with another newspaper, Today, on March 6, 2005, became the Manila Standard Today. In 2015, the newspaper renamed itself as The Standard, before reverting to its original name in 2016. Rod Reyes, one of the newspaper columnists during the dark era and once manned the operations of GMA Radio Television Arts, planned to put up a newspaper that time, he invited Manuel "Manda" Elizalde Jr. to be the owner of this new-fledgling broadsheet named as Manila Standard and with 19 pages on the first issue. This was founded on February 11, 1987; the offices were located at the bustling Ayala Avenue in the Makati CBD. In 1989, the group of Andres Soriano III bought out the Elizalde group and renamed the company Kagitingan Publications and relocated the offices in the Port Area, Manila.
In June 1991, the group of businessman Alfonso Yuchengco bought into the company and spun off the publishing company. It was incorporated as Kamahalan Publishing Corporation. Kagitingan Publications was renamed Kagitingan Printing Press Inc. which continues to print the New Standard. In 1997, businessman Enrique K. Razon Jr. chairman and president of the International Container Terminal Services Inc. acquired the shares of the Yuchengcos and bought out the Soriano group to become the sole owner of Kamahalan Publishing Corporation and Kagitingan Printing Press Inc. Victor Agustin took over as chairman of the Editorial Board in 2008. Under his term, the company formally adopted an advocacy for the environment. In 2010, just as the Aquino administration took the reins of power, ownership of the Manila Standard Today changed hands again; this time, the Razon group sold its interest to the Romualdez group as Razon established Bloomberry Resorts & Hotels Corporation, owner of the Solaire Resort & Casino.
The newspaper once again was relaunched as The Standard, featuring a tallboy broadsheet format, similar to New York Post. The format is bigger than tabloids and smaller than newspapers, with pictures as the main inset of the front page; the new format was first implemented in the weekend issues before the full makeover happened in the weekday issues since February 23, 2015. The Standard was named as the Newspaper of the Year during the 2015 Rotary Club of Manila Journalism Awards for its balanced and crucial reporting on current issues, including the exposé story on the involvement of Wang Bo, a Chinese drug lord as the primary suspect in the Bangsamoro Basic Law payola scam. On July 25, 2016, the paper reverted to its broadsheet format, it was renamed as Manila Standard, the newspaper's original brand name in time for President Rodrigo Duterte's first State of the Nation Address. OPINION, ACTIVE: Emil P. Jurado, "To The Point" Eric Jurado, "From Where I Stand" Dean Tony Lavina, "Eagle Eyes" Adelle Chua, "Chasing Happy" and "Long Story Short" Dr. Jenny Ortuoste, "Pop Goes the World" Elizabeth Angsioco, "Power Point" Jonathan de la Cruz, "Crossroads" Cong.
Danilo Suarez, "Over Sight" Florencio Fianza, "Duty Calls" Erwin Tulfo, "Point of Impact" Charlie V. Manalo, "Naked Thought" Orlando Oxales, "Open Thoughts" Alejandro del Rosario, "Back Channel" Lito Banayo, "So I See" Rod P. Kapunan, "Backbencher" Tony Lopez, "Virtual Reality" Pecier Decierdo, "Sounds of Science" Rudy Romero, "Business Class" Ernesto M. Hilario, "About Town" Gary Olivar, "Formation" "Everyman" - various including Joel Vega, Dr Amerlon Enriquez, Alex Alcasid, Rika AlcasidBUSINESS Ray Eñano "Green Light" - various including Bienvenido Balotro, Jonna Baquillas, Arnel Onesimo UyENTERTAINMENT AND LIFESTYLE Joyce Babe Pañares, "The Joyce of Eating" Bob Zozobrado, "Mercury Rising" Desiree Carlos, "Pet Tales" Alwin Ignacio, "Arias" Nickie Wang, "Very Wang" Isah V. Red, "Simply Red" Yugel Losorata, "Touchbass"SPORTS Dr Jenny Ortuoste, "The Hoarse Whisperer" OPINION, INACTIVE: Rita Linda V. Jimeno, "Out of the Box" Horace Templo, "Filipino Pensioner" Pastor Apollo C. Quiboloy, "Plumbline" Official website
National Museum of Natural History (Manila)
The National Museum of Natural History is the national natural history museum of the Philippines. It is located along the Agrifina Circle in Manila; the building was constructed as the Agriculture and Commerce Building in 1940. It is designed in neoclassical style by Filipino Architect Antonio Toledo in the late 1930, having the same dimension and floor plan as its twin building located at the northern side of the circle, the Finance Building. Both buildings were destroyed in the Battle of Manila during World War II. Both buildings were reconstructed according to the original plans after the war. At some point in time, the building was occupied by the Department of Tourism, hence the building became known as the Department of Tourism Building up until 2015. DOT moved its offices to the nearby city of Makati and is planning to return to Manila after the completion of its proposed headquarters located in Intramuros; the National Museum Act, passed in 2019 mandates the conversion of three civic buildings within Rizal Park namely the Legislative Building, the Finance Building, the Tourism Building into museums.
The Finance Building was the first to be repurposed. In 1998, the building was converted into the National Museum of Anthropology; the Legislative Building was converted into the National Museum of Fine Arts in 2000. The Tourism Building would become the National Museum of Natural History. In 2013, preparations were commenced to have the building host the National Museum of Natural History; the National Museum of the Philippines invited five architects to submit proposals for the retrofitting and chose design of the team from Dominic Galicia Architects and interior designer Tina Periquet. Galicia's design involved the maintenance of the building's facade except for the addition of a glass domed supported by a double helix structure, inspired from DNA; the dome and supporting structure was dubbed as the "Tree of Life" and will cover the courtyard of the six-storey building. The project, estimated to cost around ₱1 billion, was scheduled to be completed in 2015 in time for the 2015 APEC Summit. A bidding for prospect contractors for the renovation of the building was done in September 2015.
The National Museum of Natural History was inaugurated on September 30, 2017. A grand opening for the museum was expected in the quarter of 2017; the museum opened on May 18, 2018