Whitemouth is a community in the Rural Municipality of Whitemouth located in southeastern Manitoba, Canada. The community is named after the Whitemouth River, it was established in 1905 along the main Canadian Pacific Railway line. Its population stands at around 300 people
Lockport is a small unincorporated community in Manitoba, Canada located just 28 km north of the city of Winnipeg. The community is a part of both the Rural Municipalities of St. Andrews, St. Clements, it is the site of ancient agricultural inhabitation. Flocks of the North American White Pelican are seen as are Bald Eagles. Double Crested Cormorants, many other land and water birds; the Red River Floodway joins the Red River just down river from the dam. The bridge and locks at Lockport, submerged the St. Andrews Rapids in order to make the Red River navigable through to Lake Winnipeg; the Red River Floodway joins the Red River just north of the dam. A small Provincial Park is located on the east bank of the river at Lockport and a federal park is located on the west bank. Lockport is known for having some of the best fishing in the world to both humans and birds; the North Red River running through Lockport is known for some of the best fishing for trophy channel catfish. Lockport is an ancient settlement.
It is one of the oldest known settlements in Canada. Some businesses to visit in Lockport include the A&W, Ricky's, Gaffer's Restaurant, Half Moon, Papa Carlo's, Skinner's, Sonia's and Subway Restaurants, famous for summer evening drives from Winnipeg. Other successful businesses located in Lockport include, Eveline Street Boutique, Lockport Grocery and Liquor Mart, Lockport Wave Beauty Salon. There are local strawberry patches that are open during the summer months for strawberry picking. Other nearby tourist attractions include Lower Fort Garry. Lower Fort Garry National Historic Site is located 2 km to the north of Highway 44 on Highway 9. Operated by Parks Canada the Site is open year-round with interpretive programs available in the summer months. A café restaurant is available. Further information may be found at: http://www.pc.gc.ca/lhn-nhs/mb/fortgarry/visit/visit2.aspx On the grounds of Lockport Park is The Kenosewun Centre, a museum containing local history. Many of Manitoba’s oldest buildings can be found in the Lockport area and the entire region is steeped in the formative history of the province.
Travel south along River Road to find St Andrews Church and Rectory, designated national historic sites. The Church is the oldest operating church in Western Canada. Kennedy House located on River Road, was built by Captain William Kennedy in 1866; the house operates as a museum throughout the summer months. Winter brings recreational activities such as ice snowmobiling to the area, it contains the Lockport Junior High School, a junior high school in the Lord Selkirk School Division. The school is located in Lockport and consists of 418 Grade 7 – 9 students. Elementary Schools, can be found in surrounding areas in the Rural Municipalities of St. Andrews and St. Clements. Additional historical information is available through Red River North Tourism at 18 Main Street, Selkirk and Rivers West Community website RM of St. Andrews Community profile
Portage la Prairie
Portage la Prairie is a small city in the Central Plains Region of Manitoba, Canada. As of 2016, the population was 13,304 and the land area of the city was 24.68 square kilometres. Portage la Prairie is 75 kilometres west of Winnipeg, along the Trans-Canada Highway, sits on the Assiniboine River, which flooded the town persistently until a diversion channel north to Lake Manitoba was built to divert the flood waters; the city is surrounded by the Rural Municipality of Portage la Prairie. According to Environment Canada, Portage la Prairie has the most sunny days during the warm months in Canada, it is the administrative headquarters of the Dakota Tipi First Nations reserve. The area was first inhabited by First Nations peoples, long before European settlers began to arrive prior to 1850. In September 1738, after the fur trade had extended into Western Canada. Pierre Gaultier de Varennes, sieur de La Vérendrye built Fort La Reine north of the Assiniboine River to serve as a fur trading post, provide the explorers with a "home" operating base, from which they would explore other parts of central Manitoba and western North America.
In 1851, Archdeacon William Cochrane of the Anglican Church, John McLean, as well as other ambitious settlers, were among the first to purchase the first land in the area from the local Aboriginals, around what is now Crescent Lake. A school was soon built as settlers poured in from the east, followed by a church, numerous local businesses as the community began to form; the fertile soils of the Portage la Prairie area were discovered in the 1850s, giving birth to the future agriculturally based economy of the village. A local government was formed in 1857, by the 1860s, there were sixty homes in the community; the 1870s was a decade of rapid growth, as many more settlers moved to Portage, establishing farms and opening new businesses. By this time, the village had an operating flour mill, a local newspaper, a community fair. From the 1870s to the 1880s, the community increased in population by 10 times. Freight and supplies were transported by oxcart and steamboat until the arrival of the Canadian Pacific Railway in 1881, the year Portage was incorporated as a town.
Thomas Collins was the first mayor of Portage la Prairie. In 1907, Portage was incorporated as a city, from that point on, managed to keep a gradual rate of growth and development, serving as a regional hub for agriculture, retail and transportation in central Manitoba. During World War II, the Royal Canadian Air Force constructed Canadian Forces Base Portage la Prairie in support of the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan; the station was controlled by the RCAF but used naval personnel as high-frequency direction finding operators. The station's priority was German U-boat traffic; this site and CFB Rivers located at Rivers, Manitoba helped to increase the fix accuracy immensely. Commercial cultivation of industrial cannabis was banned in Canada in 1938, but in 1928 1,640 acres of industrial hemp was grown in Canada, with 1,200 acres of that being in Portage la Prairie; the name of the city is derived from the French word portage, which means to carry a canoe overland between waterways. In this case the "portage" was over la prairie.
The city became a major transportation centre due to its proximity to the river, the location of the main lines of the country's national railways passing through the community. The CPR and Canadian National Railways intersect in Portage; this has made Portage la Prairie one of the most ideal places for railway aficionados to view trains. The Trans-Canada Highway, a major national transportation route, runs past the city and provides the community with business if highway travellers decide to make a trek into Portage. Since the land is fertile, with soils abundant in nutrients, Portage la Prairie is a major agricultural centre in Manitoba, in Canada; the rural area surrounding the community is undoubtedly a breadbasket in Canada, having some of the best soils in the country for producing a wide array of vegetables, berries and lentils. The city is known for its mature urban forest. A collection of some of the largest cottonwood trees in Canada line the west end of the main street known as Saskatchewan Avenue, along with many other varieties, are present throughout the city.
It is the home of former Prime Minister of Canada Arthur Meighen. According to Environment Canada, Portage la Prairie has the most sunny days during the warm months in Canada. Portage has a humid continental climate with cold, dry winters; the highest temperature recorded in Portage La Prairie was 41.1 °C on 11 July 1936. The coldest temperature recorded was −44.0 °C on 2 February 1996. According to the 2016 Census, Portage la Prairie was home to 13,304 people, a 2.4% increase from the prior census in 2011. The land area of Portage la Prairie is 24.68 km2
Saskatchewan is a prairie and boreal province in western Canada, the only province without a natural border. It has an area of 651,900 square kilometres, nearly 10 percent of, fresh water, composed of rivers and the province's 100,000 lakes. Saskatchewan is bordered on the west by Alberta, on the north by the Northwest Territories, on the east by Manitoba, to the northeast by Nunavut, on the south by the U. S. states of North Dakota. As of late 2018, Saskatchewan's population was estimated at 1,165,903. Residents live in the southern prairie half of the province, while the northern boreal half is forested and sparsely populated. Of the total population half live in the province's largest city Saskatoon, or the provincial capital Regina. Other notable cities include Prince Albert, Moose Jaw, Swift Current, North Battleford and the border city Lloydminster. Saskatchewan is a landlocked province with large distances to moderating bodies of waters; as a result, its climate is continental, rendering severe winters throughout the province.
Southern areas have warm or hot summers. Midale and Yellow Grass near the U. S. border are tied for the highest recorded temperatures in Canada with 45 °C observed at both locations on July 5, 1937. In winter, temperatures below −45 °C are possible in the south during extreme cold snaps. Saskatchewan has been inhabited for thousands of years by various indigenous groups, first explored by Europeans in 1690 and settled in 1774, it became a province in 1905, carved out from the vast North-West Territories, which had until included most of the Canadian Prairies. In the early 20th century the province became known as a stronghold for Canadian social democracy; the province's economy is based on agriculture and energy. Saskatchewan's current lieutenant governor is the current premier is Scott Moe. In 1992, the federal and provincial governments signed a historic land claim agreement with First Nations in Saskatchewan; the First Nations received compensation and were permitted to buy land on the open market for the bands.
Some First Nations have used their settlement to invest in urban areas, including Saskatoon. Its name derived from the Saskatchewan River; the river was known as kisiskāciwani-sīpiy in the Cree language. As Saskatchewan's borders follow the geographic coordinates of longitude and latitude, the province is a quadrilateral, or a shape with four sides. However, the 49th parallel boundary and the 60th northern border appear curved on globes and many maps. Additionally, the eastern boundary of the province is crooked rather than following a line of longitude, as correction lines were devised by surveyors prior to the homestead program. Saskatchewan is part of the Western Provinces and is bounded on the west by Alberta, on the north by the Northwest Territories, on the north-east by Nunavut, on the east by Manitoba, on the south by the U. S. states of North Dakota. Saskatchewan has the distinction of being the only Canadian province for which no borders correspond to physical geographic features. Along with Alberta, Saskatchewan is one of only two land-locked provinces.
The overwhelming majority of Saskatchewan's population is located in the southern third of the province, south of the 53rd parallel. Saskatchewan contains two major natural regions: the Boreal Forest in the north and the Prairies in the south, they are separated by an aspen parkland transition zone near the North Saskatchewan River on the western side of the province, near to south of the Saskatchewan River on the eastern side. Northern Saskatchewan is covered by forest except for the Lake Athabasca Sand Dunes, the largest active sand dunes in the world north of 58°, adjacent to the southern shore of Lake Athabasca. Southern Saskatchewan contains another area with sand dunes known as the "Great Sand Hills" covering over 300 square kilometres; the Cypress Hills, located in the southwestern corner of Saskatchewan and Killdeer Badlands, are areas of the province that were unglaciated during the last glaciation period, the Wisconsin glaciation. The province's highest point, at 1,392 metres, is located in the Cypress Hills less than 2 km from the provincial boundary with Alberta.
The lowest point is the shore of Lake Athabasca, at 213 metres. The province has 14 major drainage basins made up of various rivers and watersheds draining into the Arctic Ocean, Hudson Bay and the Gulf of Mexico. Saskatchewan receives more hours of sunshine than any other Canadian province; the province lies far from any significant body of water. This fact, combined with its northerly latitude, gives it a warm summer, corresponding to its humid continental climate in the central and most of the eastern parts of the province, as well as the Cypress Hills. Drought can affect agricultural areas during no precipitation at all; the northern parts of Saskatchewan – from about La Ronge northward – have a subarctic climate with a shorter summer season. Summers can get hot, sometimes above 38 °C during the day, with humidity decreasing from northeast to southwest. Warm southern winds blow from the plains and intermontane regions of
Winnipeg is the capital and largest city of the province of Manitoba in Canada. Centred on the confluence of the Red and Assiniboine rivers, it is near the longitudinal centre of North America 110 kilometres north of the Canada–United States border; the city is named after the nearby Lake Winnipeg. The region was a trading centre for aboriginal peoples long before the arrival of Europeans. French traders built the first fort on the site in 1738. A settlement was founded by the Selkirk settlers of the Red River Colony in 1812, the nucleus of, incorporated as the City of Winnipeg in 1873; as of 2011, Winnipeg is the seventh most populated municipality in Canada. Being far inland, the local climate is seasonal by Canadian standards with average January lows of around −21 °C and average July highs of 26 °C. Known as the "Gateway to the West", Winnipeg is a railway and transportation hub with a diversified economy; this multicultural city hosts numerous annual festivals, including the Festival du Voyageur, the Winnipeg Folk Festival, the Jazz Winnipeg Festival, the Winnipeg Fringe Theatre Festival, Folklorama.
Winnipeg was the first Canadian host of the Pan American Games. It is home to several professional sports franchises, including the Winnipeg Blue Bombers, the Winnipeg Jets, Manitoba Moose, Valour FC, the Winnipeg Goldeyes. Winnipeg lies at the confluence of the Assiniboine and the Red River of the North, a location now known as "The Forks"; this point was at the crossroads of canoe routes travelled by First Nations before European contact. Winnipeg is named after nearby Lake Winnipeg. Evidence provided by archaeology, rock art and oral history indicates that native peoples used the area in prehistoric times for camping, hunting, tool making, trading and, farther north, for agriculture. Estimates of the date of first settlement in this area range from 11,500 years ago for a site southwest of the present city to 6,000 years ago at The Forks. In 1805, Canadian colonists observed First Nations peoples engaged in farming activity along the Red River; the practice expanded, driven by the demand by traders for provisions.
The rivers provided an extensive transportation network linking northern First Peoples with those to the south along the Missouri and Mississippi rivers. The Ojibwe made some of the first maps on birch bark, which helped fur traders navigate the waterways of the area. Sieur de La Vérendrye built the first fur trading post on the site in 1738, called Fort Rouge. French trading continued at this site for several decades before the arrival of the British Hudson's Bay Company after France ceded the territory following its defeat in the Seven Years' War. Many French men who were trappers married First Nations women, they developed as an ethnicity known as the Métis because of sharing a traditional culture. Lord Selkirk was involved with the first permanent settlement, the purchase of land from the Hudson's Bay Company, a survey of river lots in the early 19th century; the North West Company built Fort Gibraltar in 1809, the Hudson's Bay Company built Fort Douglas in 1812, both in the area of present-day Winnipeg.
The two companies competed fiercely over trade. The Métis and Lord Selkirk's settlers fought at the Battle of Seven Oaks in 1816. In 1821, the Hudson's Bay and North West Companies merged. Fort Gibraltar was renamed Fort Garry in 1822 and became the leading post in the region for the Hudson's Bay Company. A flood destroyed the fort in 1826 and it was not rebuilt until 1835. A rebuilt section of the fort, consisting of the front gate and a section of the wall, is near the modern-day corner of Main Street and Broadway Avenue in downtown Winnipeg. In 1869–70, present-day Winnipeg was the site of the Red River Rebellion, a conflict between the local provisional government of Métis, led by Louis Riel, newcomers from eastern Canada. General Garnet Wolseley was sent to put down the uprising; the Manitoba Act of 1870 made Manitoba the fifth province of the three-year-old Canadian Confederation. Treaty 1, which encompassed the city and much of the surrounding area, was signed on 3 August 1871 by representatives of the Crown and local Indigenous groups, comprising the Brokenhead Ojibway, Long Plain, Roseau River Anishinabe, Sandy Bay and Swan Lake communities.
On 8 November 1873, Winnipeg was incorporated with the Selkirk settlement as its nucleus. Métis legislator and interpreter James McKay named the city. Winnipeg's mandate was to govern and provide municipal services to citizens attracted to trade expansion between Upper Fort Garry / Lower Fort Garry and Saint Paul, Minnesota. Winnipeg developed after the coming of the Canadian Pacific Railway in 1881; the railway divided the North End, which housed Eastern Europeans, from the richer Anglo-Saxon southern part of the city. It contributed to a demographic shift beginning shortly after Confederation that saw the francophone population decrease from a majority to a small minority group; this shift resulted in Premier Thomas Greenway controversially ending legislative bilingualism and removing funding for French Catholic Schools in 1890. By 1911, Winnipeg was Canada's third-largest city. However, the city faced financial difficulty when the Panama Canal opened in 1914; the canal reduced reliance on Canada's rail system for international trade.
Saskatchewan Highway 16
Highway 16 is a provincial highway in the Canadian province of Saskatchewan. It is the Saskatchewan section of the Yellowhead Highway, the Trans-Canada Highway Yellowhead section; the main purpose of this highway is to connect Saskatchewan with Canadian cities such as Edmonton and Winnipeg. The highway runs from the Alberta boundary in Lloydminster to the Manitoba boundary near Marchwell. Major cities it passes through are Saskatoon, North Battleford in the central part of the province, Yorkton in the far east and Lloydminster to the far west; the highway is four lanes through Saskatchewan from the Alberta boundary to just west of Floral. Highway 16, the continuation of the highway into Manitoba, is to be twinned and become an expressway; the road serves as part of the Circle Drive in Saskatoon. The Yellowhead began as the Yellowhead Red River cart trail; when the province was surveyed, the road evolved from a dirt to gravel to all-weather road known as Provincial Highway 5 from the Alberta–Saskatchewan boundary to Saskatoon, as Provincial Highway 14 from Saskatoon to the Manitoba–Saskatchewan boundary.
In the late 1950s and 1960s, the highway was widened. On August 15, 1970 the Yellowhead was opened for the northern Trans-Canada route; the highway was designated for the entire route as Saskatchewan Highway 16 in 1976. Survey markers were erected in Lloydminster to demark the Saskatchewan–Alberta boundary. Lloydminster is one of the gateway to Alberta, it ranks in size as the 89th largest city in Canada. The two sides of the city rank 10th in 11th in Saskatchewan in municipal population. If the city were in one province or the other, Lloydminster's population would rank ninth in Alberta and fifth in Saskatchewan, it is renowned for the OTS Heavy Oil Science Centre. The highway is surveyed south of the North Saskatchewan River. Marshall is the first town southeast of Lloydminster with 533 residents is the hometown of NHL Goaltender, Braden Holtby. Lashburn, a town of 967 in 2011 maintains the Lashburn Municipal Campground. Waseca is a village of 154 in 2011. Maidstone, a town of 1,156 in 2011 is home to the rural municipality office for Eldon No. 471 and the Maidstone Campground.
In 1975, a canola plant statue was built alongside the Yellowhead in the centre of the town of Maidstone. Bresaylor Heritage Museum still preserves heritage of Paynton and Bresaylor on Main Street, Bresaylor; the Battlefords are the next large centre along the Yellowhead comprising, Battleford is a town of 4,065 residents and, North Battleford, a city of 13,888 residents Travelers can rest at the Eiling Kramer Campground or The Battlefords Provincial Park. North Battleford has an equestrian statue of a Royal Canadian Mounted Police officer located at the junction of Highway 40 and the Yellowhead, it is here that the North Saskatchewan River is crossed via the Battlefords Bridges, a twinned set of two-lane bridges. The Yellowhead travels southeast, to the north of the North Saskatchewan River henceforth, south of the Thickwood Hills. Denholm is a village of 76 persons, Maymont, a village of 146 in 2011, Fielding is a small unincorporated area of Mayfield No. 406 which intersperse travel between the Battlefords and Saskatoon.
The Yellowhead still travels parallel with the North Saskatchewan River on the south side of the highway affording the traveler with spectacular river valley panoramic views. Radisson is a town of 505 in 2011 which provides services and campground. Borden incorporated as a village in 1909 and still maintains village status with a population of 245 in 2011; the Borden Bridge campground is located 55 kilometres from Saskatoon. Near here is a scenic viewpoint stop-off area; the new Borden Bridge provides twinned highway service across the North Saskatchewan River. The old Borden Bridge was a narrow, two-way traffic bridge enhanced with arches, still visible from the new bridge. Langham is a town of 1,290 residents northwest of Saskatoon. Saskatoon, a city of 222,189 in 2011, is the largest city of the province, serving interprovincial travellers with a bypass road named Circle Drive. Clavet a village of 345 residents is the first settlement east of Saskatoon. Elstow a village of 89 residents, Colonsay a town of 475 residents are the next settlements in the Allan Hills area of Saskatchewan.
Viscount boasted 252 folk in 2011. Plunkett, a village, maintains its status with 75 residents on the last census. Guernsey is located at the boundary of the rural municipalities of Usborne and Wolverine No. 340 west of the Yellowhead at the Hwy 668 intersection. Lanigan is a town of 1,390 residents. Dafoe maintains village status with its 15 residents in 2011; this village is south of Big Quill Lake, north of the Touchwood Hills. Located at the CanAm highway intersection. Wynyard a town of 1,767 residents on the 2011 census is located just east of the Hwy 640 intersection and is in the northern area of the Touchwood Hills. Wynyard and District Regional Park is located 2.4 kilometres south of the Yellowhead at the intersection with Hwy 640. The population of Elfros has dropped from about 300 residents in 1955 to 96 in 2011, it is located at the intersection of Hwy 35. Leslie Station, established in 1909, changed name to Leslie in 1962. Foam Lake is south of the lake of the same west of the Hwy 310 intersection.
Foam Lake incorporated as a village in 1909, a town in 1924, still maintains town status with a population of 1,148 residents in 2011. Sheho is located 2 miles south of Sh
Canada is a country in the northern part of North America. Its ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean, covering 9.98 million square kilometres, making it the world's second-largest country by total area. Canada's southern border with the United States is the world's longest bi-national land border, its capital is Ottawa, its three largest metropolitan areas are Toronto and Vancouver. As a whole, Canada is sparsely populated, the majority of its land area being dominated by forest and tundra, its population is urbanized, with over 80 percent of its inhabitants concentrated in large and medium-sized cities, many near the southern border. Canada's climate varies across its vast area, ranging from arctic weather in the north, to hot summers in the southern regions, with four distinct seasons. Various indigenous peoples have inhabited what is now Canada for thousands of years prior to European colonization. Beginning in the 16th century and French expeditions explored, settled, along the Atlantic coast.
As a consequence of various armed conflicts, France ceded nearly all of its colonies in North America in 1763. In 1867, with the union of three British North American colonies through Confederation, Canada was formed as a federal dominion of four provinces; this began an accretion of provinces and territories and a process of increasing autonomy from the United Kingdom. This widening autonomy was highlighted by the Statute of Westminster of 1931 and culminated in the Canada Act of 1982, which severed the vestiges of legal dependence on the British parliament. Canada is a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy in the Westminster tradition, with Elizabeth II as its queen and a prime minister who serves as the chair of the federal cabinet and head of government; the country is a realm within the Commonwealth of Nations, a member of the Francophonie and bilingual at the federal level. It ranks among the highest in international measurements of government transparency, civil liberties, quality of life, economic freedom, education.
It is one of the world's most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations, the product of large-scale immigration from many other countries. Canada's long and complex relationship with the United States has had a significant impact on its economy and culture. A developed country, Canada has the sixteenth-highest nominal per capita income globally as well as the twelfth-highest ranking in the Human Development Index, its advanced economy is the tenth-largest in the world, relying chiefly upon its abundant natural resources and well-developed international trade networks. Canada is part of several major international and intergovernmental institutions or groupings including the United Nations, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the G7, the Group of Ten, the G20, the North American Free Trade Agreement and the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum. While a variety of theories have been postulated for the etymological origins of Canada, the name is now accepted as coming from the St. Lawrence Iroquoian word kanata, meaning "village" or "settlement".
In 1535, indigenous inhabitants of the present-day Quebec City region used the word to direct French explorer Jacques Cartier to the village of Stadacona. Cartier used the word Canada to refer not only to that particular village but to the entire area subject to Donnacona. From the 16th to the early 18th century "Canada" referred to the part of New France that lay along the Saint Lawrence River. In 1791, the area became two British colonies called Upper Canada and Lower Canada collectively named the Canadas. Upon Confederation in 1867, Canada was adopted as the legal name for the new country at the London Conference, the word Dominion was conferred as the country's title. By the 1950s, the term Dominion of Canada was no longer used by the United Kingdom, which considered Canada a "Realm of the Commonwealth"; the government of Louis St. Laurent ended the practice of using'Dominion' in the Statutes of Canada in 1951. In 1982, the passage of the Canada Act, bringing the Constitution of Canada under Canadian control, referred only to Canada, that year the name of the national holiday was changed from Dominion Day to Canada Day.
The term Dominion was used to distinguish the federal government from the provinces, though after the Second World War the term federal had replaced dominion. Indigenous peoples in present-day Canada include the First Nations, Métis, the last being a mixed-blood people who originated in the mid-17th century when First Nations and Inuit people married European settlers; the term "Aboriginal" as a collective noun is a specific term of art used in some legal documents, including the Constitution Act 1982. The first inhabitants of North America are hypothesized to have migrated from Siberia by way of the Bering land bridge and arrived at least 14,000 years ago; the Paleo-Indian archeological sites at Old Crow Flats and Bluefish Caves are two of the oldest sites of human habitation in Canada. The characteristics of Canadian indigenous societies included permanent settlements, complex societal hierarchies, trading networks; some of these cultures had collapsed by the time European explorers arrived in the late 15th and early 16th centuries and have only been discovered through archeological investigations.
The indigenous population at the time of the first European settlements is estimated to have been between 200,000