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Madison Hotel (Atlantic City)

The Madison Hotel is located in Atlantic City, New Jersey, United States. It was built in 1929 and added to the National Register of Historic Places on December 20, 1984; the 14-story building opened as a luxury hotel at the beginning of the Great Depression in the United States. It went through bankruptcy in the 1960s and became part of Sands Atlantic City. In 2004, Sands reconfigure the property into 126 suites. In 2006, both the Sands and the Madison Hotel were closed. On May 25, 2013, the Madison Hotel was auctioned with a winning bid of $4 million by Eli Hadad, an owner of hotels in Florida and the Dominican Republic. However, the purchase was not completed and the property was again offered for sale. In November 2013, the hotel was purchased by Ratan Hotel Group for $2.5 million. On January 25, 2014 it reopened as Baymont Inn & Suites Atlantic City Madison Hotel, managed by the Baymont Inn & Suites chain. National Register of Historic Places listings in Atlantic County, New Jersey List of tallest buildings in Atlantic City Baymont Inn & Suites Atlantic City Madison Hotel official website

Donald McCormick

George Donald King McCormick was a British journalist and popular historian, who wrote under the pseudonym Richard Deacon. After working for Naval Intelligence during the Second World War, McCormick was a journalist for the foreign desk of the Sunday Times, at one point working with Ian Fleming. In his prolific output as a historian, McCormick was attracted to controversial topics on which verifiable evidence was scarce, he wrote on the Hellfire Club, Jack the Ripper, the Cambridge Apostles and rather extensively about spies. He wrote histories of the Russian, Japanese and Israeli secret services, biographies of Sir Maurice Oldfield and Ian Fleming. McCormick's reliance on an informal network of oral informants, his eye for a good story, means that it is difficult to judge the reliability of his more controversial claims. In 1979 he claimed that Rudolf Peierls had been under investigation as a Soviet agent, was forced to make an out-of-court settlement when Peierls sued him. McCormick claimed that the early-twentieth-century economist Arthur Pigou had been a Russian agent, to be in possession of Pigou's journal: no such journal has surfaced since McCormick's death.

An assessment by a number of academics and specialists of what has been termed McCormick's "fraudulent career", which includes evidence supplied by his personal papers, was published as the third volume of a biography of economist Friedrich Hayek. The Identity of Jack the Ripper. London: Jarrolds, 1959; the Mystery of Lord Kitchener's Death. Putnam, 1959. Temple of Love. New York: Citadel Press. 1965. The Red Barn Mystery: some new evidence on an old murder. London: John Long, 1967. John Dee: Scientist, Geographer and Secret Agent to Elizabeth I. London: Muller, 1968. Murder By Witchcraft. London: Long, 1968. A History of the British Secret Service. London: Muller, 1969. New York: Taplinger, 1970. Reprinted in paperback, London: Grafton, 1991. Murder by Perfection: Maundy Gregory, the Man Behind Two Unsolved Mysteries?. London: Jarrolds, 1970. A History of the Russian Secret Service. New York: Taplinger, 1972. London: Muller, 1972; the Chinese Secret Service. New York: Taplinger, 1974. Revised and updated. London: Grafton Books, 1989.

The Hell-Fire Club: the story of the amorous Knights of Wycombe. London: Sphere,1975. Matthew Hopkins: Witchfinder General. London: F. Mueller, 1976. Who's Who in Spy Fiction. London: Sphere, 1977; the Israeli Secret Service. London: Hamish Hamilton, 1977; the Silent War: A History of Western Naval Intelligence. Newton Abbot, UK: David & Charles, 1978. New York: Hippocrene Books, 1978; the British Connection: Russia's Manipulation of British Individuals and Institutions, London: Hamish Hamilton. 1979. Withdrawn. Escape! London: BBC, 1980. Love In Code, or, How to Keep Your Secrets. London: Eyre Methuen, 1980. Kempai Tai: A History of the Japanese Secret Service. London: Muller, 1982. New York: Beaufort Books, 1983. Revised and updated edition, Tokyo: Charles Tuttle Books, 1990. With My Little Eye: The Memoirs of a Spy-Hunter. London: Frederick Muller, 1982. "C": A Biography of Sir Maurice Oldfield. London: MacDonald, 1985; the Cambridge Apostles: A History of Cambridge University's Elite Intellectual Secret Society.

New York: Farrar, Straus, 1986. Spyclopedia: The Comprehensive Handbook of Espionage. New York: Morrow, 1987; the Truth Twisters. London: Macdonald, 1987; the Greatest Treason: The Bizarre Story of Hollis and Mountbatten. London: Century, 1990. Super Spy: The Man Who Infiltrated the Kremlin and the Gestapo. UK: Futura, 1990; the French Secret Service. London: Grafton, 1990; the Life of Ian Fleming. Dufour Editions, 1994. Works by or about Richard Deacon in libraries Works by or about Donald McCormick in libraries

Edward L. Rissien

Edward L. Rissien is an American production company executive and producer. Rissien's parents were Russian Ukrainian immigrants. In the 1940s he attended Grinnell College in Iowa and served in the Army Air Force. After the war he went to Stanford graduating in 1949 in Political Science. Rissien's interest in theater was influenced by his sister Dorothy, whose son Michael Zinberg is now a well-known television director, by Cloris Leachman, a high school classmate of his at Roosevelt High School in Des Moines; when the war was over and Rissien returned to Des Moines, he realized he wanted to be closer to theater and in a telephone conversation with Cloris, she suggested that he come to New York. At the time, she had just signed a contract with Hammerstein. Shortly thereafter, he left for New York, he began his career in entertainment in Summer Stock in New York and Winter Stock in Palm Beach Florida. He was an assistant stage manager on Broadway on South Pacific and stage manager on Midsummer which introduced to Broadway the actress Geraldine Page.

Rissien moved to Hollywood in 1954 to work on the Mark Stevens series Big Town followed by production assignments at Screen Gems at Columbia Pictures. In 1959 he established Harry Belafonte's film production company, HarBel Productions, where he acquired the film rights to Odds Against Tomorrow. From there he went to ABC, where he was program supervisor on shows such as Combat and The Donna Reed Show. In the early 1960s, he was hired as VP of Production for Bing Crosby Productions, producer of such shows as Hogan's Heroes, Ben Casey, The Bing Crosby Show and others. After that he went to Filmways as VP of Production for television. Projects produced during this time included The Beverly Hillbillies and Green Acres and the film Castle Keep directed by legendary director Sydney Pollack. Rissien produced independent films, including Snow Job for Warner Bros. before joining Playboy Productions in 1972 as an Executive VP of Production. While at Playboy, he produced two feature films, Saint Jack, directed by Peter Bogdanovich and The Crazy World of Julius Vrooder directed by Arthur Hiller.

He remained at Playboy Productions for 16 years becoming President overseeing television movies and pilots. Motion Picture Academy Television Academy Producers Guild "D. M.'s Edward Rissien Now a Film Producer. The Des Moines Tribune. June 10, 1955

TOCA (series)

TOCA is a racing video game series developed and published by Codemasters. The series focused on touring car racing, but after World Touring Cars, the series expanded to cover a wide variety of motorsport; the first game of the series was released for Windows and PlayStation platforms in late 1997 in Europe, in summer 1998 in the United States. Featuring all the licensed cars and tracks from the 1997 British Touring Car Championship, the game was critically acclaimed by the European games press—especially on console where it was considered the best in its genre until the release of Gran Turismo several months later; the success of the first TOCA game saw a sequel arrive a year in 1998. Whilst an annual franchise update of cars and tracks, the game did add more detailed graphics, multiplayer modes and other minor features. Fictional tracks were added, support races such as Ford Fiestas, Formula Ford and others arrived; the level of car damage possible during a race was enhanced, a significant selling point compared with the likes of Gran Turismo.

It was called Touring Car Challenge in the USA. As the title suggests, the series made a significant advance in featuring various Touring Car championships from around the world, TOCA World Touring Cars, released in 2000, but despite carrying the TOCA name, a licensed British Touring Car Championship series was not included; this upset a lot of fans of the series, but it was not that bad, success continued. The gameplay overall became more "arcadey" and the replacement of qualifying laps with random grid positions together with the omission of penalties for bad driving made the game much more playable for the casual gamer. Curiously, unlike the first two titles in the TOCA series, World Touring Cars was not released in a Windows version; the series moved onto the 6th generation of gaming in August 2002, with the release of TOCA Race Driver. The game took a new direction, reincluding the BTCC series that the previous game had been missing but most a plot where the user took on the role of a fictional race driver called Ryan McKane, trying to make a name for himself in a multitude of car championships, all the while under the shadow of his more successful older brother and haunted by the death of his father on the racetrack.

Race Driver 2 was released on Xbox and PC in April 2004, with a PlayStation 2 version following six months later. Two PSP conversions were released in 2005 and 2006, the first being TOCA Race Driver 2 in Europe and Japan and the second being Race Driver 2006 in the US; the game continued to use a scripted career mode as introduced in the previous Race Driver game but dropped the Ryan McKane character. The third game in the TOCA Race Driver series was released in February 2006, continued to expand on the types of motorsport available. Open wheel, GT, Oval racing and Offroad racing were all featured, can be raced in either a detailed Pro Career mode or an open-ended World Tour. Up to 12 players are supported via Xbox Live and the PlayStation 2 version supports up to 8 online; this series is the only racing simulator that allows PlayStation players to race online before Gran Turismo 5 Prologue. It received good reviews being compared favourably to Gran Turismo 4 and Forza Motorsport, in the aspects of cars on track, damage and AI.

It is an expanded edition of TOCA Race Driver 2 released for PlayStation Portable. It was the first game in the TOCA series to be available for Nintendo DS and was released in September 2007, it includes many licensed tracks from across the world. It has the ability to allow players to create their own circuit either using the stylus or by using the custom-made pieces made by the game developers. You can exchange tracks online using a Nintendo Wi-Fi Connection, it has career and single-race modes. Going under the working title "Race Driver One", Race Driver: Grid is the full and official title of the sequel to TOCA Race Driver 3; the game was released for Xbox 360, PlayStation 3, Nintendo DS, Games for Windows on 3 June 2008, after over one million people downloaded the demo. It featured an improved graphics engine from Colin McRae: Dirt, has over 40 real-life cars and a variety of both fictional and realistic interpretations of tracks. On 8 August 2012, Codemasters announced that the sequel to Race Driver: GRID, Grid 2 was in development.

Codemasters stated that Grid 2 "will challenge players to be fast, be first and be famous as they enter a stunning new world of competitive motorsport", the game was released on 28 May 2013 on Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 3 and Xbox 360. The ninth game aims to move the series back towards "more authentic racing games" following the release of Grid 2, which Codemasters felt was not as well-received by the company's core fanbase as it was hoped for; the developers introduced major modifications to the handling model and built a lean, race-first oriented design for this title. It's available for Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 3, Xbox 360, Linux and macOS with announced releases for iOS, Nintendo Switch. A fourth instalment in the Grid sub-series known as Grid, was released on 11 October 2019 for Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 4, Xbox One, it featured vehicles from the GT Le Mans.

Topological property

In topology and related areas of mathematics, a topological property or topological invariant is a property of a topological space, invariant under homeomorphisms. That is, a property of spaces is a topological property if whenever a space X possesses that property every space homeomorphic to X possesses that property. Informally, a topological property is a property of the space. A common problem in topology is to decide. To prove that two spaces are not homeomorphic, it is sufficient to find a topological property, not shared by them; the cardinality |X| of the space X. The cardinality | τ | of the topology of the space X. Weight w, the least cardinality of a basis of the topology of the space X. Density d, the least cardinality of a subset of X whose closure is X. Note that some of these terms are defined differently in older mathematical literature. T0 or Kolmogorov. A space is Kolmogorov if for every pair of distinct points x and y in the space, there is at least either an open set containing x but not y, or an open set containing y but not x.

T1 or Fréchet. A space is Fréchet if for every pair of distinct points x and y in the space, there is an open set containing x but not y. Equivalently, a space is T1. T1 spaces are always T0. Sober. A space is sober if every irreducible closed set C has a unique generic point p. In other words, if C is not the union of two smaller closed subsets there is a p such that the closure of equals C, p is the only point with this property. T2 or Hausdorff. A space is Hausdorff. T2 spaces are always T1. T2½ or Urysohn. A space is Urysohn. T2½ spaces are always T2. T2 or Hausdorff. A space is T2 if every two distinct points are separated by a function; every Hausdorff space is Urysohn. Regular. A space is regular if whenever C is a closed set and p is a point not in C C and p have disjoint neighbourhoods. T3 or Regular Hausdorff. A space is regular Hausdorff. Regular. A space is regular if whenever C is a closed set and p is a point not in C C and are separated by a function. T3½, Completely regular Hausdorff or Completely T3.

A Tychonoff space is a regular T0 space. Tychonoff spaces are always regular Hausdorff. Normal. A space is normal. Normal spaces admit partitions of unity. T4 or Normal Hausdorff. A normal space is Hausdorff if and only if it is T1. Normal Hausdorff spaces are always Tychonoff. Normal. A space is normal if any two separated sets have disjoint neighbourhoods. T5 or Completely normal Hausdorff. A normal space is Hausdorff if and only if it is T1. Normal Hausdorff spaces are always normal Hausdorff. Normal. A space is normal if any two disjoint closed sets are separated by a function. A normal space must be normal. T6 or Perfectly normal Hausdorff, or T4. A space is normal Hausdorff, if it is both normal and T1. A normal Hausdorff space must be normal Hausdorff. Discrete space. A space is discrete if all of its points are isolated, i.e. if any subset is open. Separable. A space is separable. First-countable. A space is first-countable. Second-countable. A space is second-countable. Second-countable spaces are always first-countable and Lindelöf.

Connected. A space is connected. Equivalently, a space is connected if the only clopen sets are itself. Locally connected. A space is locally connected. Disconnected. A space is disconnected if it has no connected subset with more than one point. Path-connected. A space X is path-connected if for every two points x, y in X, there is a path p from x to y, i.e. a continuous map p: → X with p = x and p = y. Path-connected spaces are always connected. Locally path-connected. A space is locally path-connected. A locally path-connected space is connected if and only. Connected. A space X is connected if it is path-connected and every continuous map f: S1 → X is homotopic to a constant map. Locally connected. A space X is locally connected if every point x in X has a local base of neighborhoods U, connected. Semi-locally connected. A space X is semi-locally connected if every point has a local base of neighborhoods U such that every loop in U is contractible in X. Semi-local simple connectivity, a weaker condition than local simple connectivity, is a necessary condition for the existence of a universal cover.

Contractible. A space X is contractible. Contractible spaces are always connected. Hyper-connected. A space is hyper-