Tilkka Hospital is a former military hospital in Helsinki, Finland. It is located at Mannerheimintie 164 in the Pikku Huopalahti district. Tilkka military hospital was founded in 1918 and moved to Pikku Huopalahti in 1936 when the new nine-storey Functionalist building designed by architect Olavi Sortta was completed; the building's distinctive mark are the semi-circular balconies, facing south around the main stairway. Patient rooms were concentrated on the top seven floors, providing patients with light, ventilation and a scenic view. Service rooms were located across the central corridor. Tilkka was expanded in the 1960s with a five-storey enlargement, an office wing and another low wing that housed for instance a military pharmacy; the expansion was designed by Sortta and the enlargement followed the space division of the original 1930s building. The military hospital operated until 2005 when the Finnish Defence Forces vacated the building following an organizational transformation that outsourced the military's special health care.
The State of Finland sold the building to pension insurance company Etera for 8.8 million euros in October 2006 after which it was renovated into an elderly nursing home. The nursing home is operated by nursing houses 150 residents; the National Board of Antiquities has listed Tilkka as a nationally significant built cultural heritage site and Docomomo has selected the building as a significant example of modern architecture in Finland. The building is protected by a 2002 zoning ordinance and cannot be torn down or altered in a way that damages its cultural historical value. Media related to Tilkka Hospital at Wikimedia Commons
Stockmann, Helsinki centre
Stockmann Helsinki Centre is a culturally significant business building and department store located in the centre of Helsinki, Finland. It is one of many department stores owned by the Stockmann corporation, it is the largest department store in the Nordic countries in terms of total sales. The store is known for carrying all the internationally recognised luxury brands, Stockmann's enjoys a reputation as the primary high-end department store in Finland. Stockmann Delicatessen, the food and beverage department located at the basement level, is renowned for the quality and choice of its foodstuffs; the Stockmann logo represents a set of escalators, which are but wrongly believed represent the first escalators in Finland. The first escalators in Finland were installed in Turku. In 2017, Stockmann Helsinki Centre was the fifth largest department store in Europe with area of 50,500 square meters; the clock at the main entrance, colloquially "Stockan kello", has become a symbol of Helsinkian city culture as a popular meeting place.
Valter Thomé and his brother won the architecture competition for the department store in 1916. The Thomé brothers were killed in the Finnish Civil War; the building was built in 1930, the task was given to Sigurd Frosterus, on the second place in the original competition. The department store was designed in nordic Art Deco style, it is part of the Gazelle block in the district of Kluuvi. The new expansion of the building is based on Sigurd Frosterus's plans. In 1989, the Argos house located in the same block was joined into the Stockmann building. During the renovation, only the facade of the Argos house was preserved; because of this, Stockmann expanded to fill the entire block bordered by the streets of Mannerheimintie, Aleksanterinkatu and Pohjoisesplanadi. The department store has seven floors, not counting the basement and the eighth floor, which contains other businesses. A further expansion of the department store began in 2007; the project was called Kaikkien aikojen Stockmann – Alla tiders Stockmann.
After its completion in 2010, the retail area had increased by 10,000 square metres to 50,000 square metres. This was a challenging project, as it took place in the heart of Helsinki, the department store was functional during the works; the department store was expanded both underground and at the centre of the store. The atrium was covered. At the eighth and topmost floor, a food court was added, with seating for 950 customers and views of the lower floors. In total, 200,000 cubic metres of rock was blown out from underground. At the deepest point, the digging extended to 30 metres. During the building work, the elevator and escalator systems of the old department store were clarified. After the renovation, 40 renovated elevators and escalators are in use; the lighting and air conditioning was improved. The new garage tripled the parking capacity to 600 cars; the 3-floor hall has connections to Ruoholahdenkatu as part of the central maintenance tunnel, to the junction of Kalevankatu and Mannerheimintie.
The size of the grocery department was doubled to about 5,000 square meters. The total capital expenditure on the enlargement part of the project was 198 million euros, in addition to significant repair and renovation work of existing premises, it was projected to increase the annual sales by 50 million Euro. By 2016, the concept of one large space was old fashioned, speciality stores had taken a large fraction of the market. Renting space to other businesses was a good business. Stockmann started to outsource activities. In 2017, the department store includes a number of shop-in-shop departments and services, such as XS Toys department, SOL Laundry and Nordea bank. Media related to Stockmann at Wikimedia Commons Stockmann in Brief Stockmann
Erottaja, meaning "the separator", is a public square near the centre of Helsinki, Finland. Erottaja square has been selected as the official geographic "zero point" of Helsinki. Distances to all other cities in Finland are measured starting from here. In practice, the square functions as the meeting point of central Helsinki's two famous streets and Mannerheimintie; the square is the western endpoint of Esplanadi, with the eastern endpoint being at the market square. Mannerheimintie, the longest and most famous street in Helsinki, begins at Erottaja and continues northwest, past the districts of Töölö and Ruskeasuo, until merging with a highway leading outside the city. There is a minor bus station at Erottaja. Few lines start or end there, most of them start or end at the Kamppi Center or at Rautatientori. Erottaja is famous for being the most expensive lot in the original Finnish edition of Monopoly more expensive than Mannerheimintie; this has earned the square fame outside Helsinki
Laakso is a neighbourhood in Helsinki, Finland. Its borders are defined by the streets of Mannerheimintie and Nordenskiöldinkatu and the Helsinki Central Park; the neighbourhood is bordered by Töölö in the south, Meilahti in the southwest, Ruskeasuo in the north and Länsi-Pasila in the east. The neighbourhood has an area of a population of 1781 and 1583 jobs. Laakso is neighbourhood #18 in the official neighbourhood numbering of Helsinki, belongs to the district of Reijola; the population in Laakso is concentrated in multiple-floor apartment buildings on Mannerheimintie. The neighbourhood includes a hospital, a riding field, a traffic playground, a large part of the southern Central Park. For the 1952 Summer Olympics, the neighborhood hosted the Eventing equestrian riding competitions. 1952 Summer Olympics official report. P. 58. Helsinki by districts, district Reijola Keskuspuisto blog, a blog about the history of the neighbourhood Laakso from a satellite view. Google Maps
Meilahti is a neighbourhood of Helsinki between Mannerheimintie and a bay named Seurasaarenselkä. Most of the houses in Meilahti were built in the 1940s. Meilahti is home to over 6700 people. Meilahti is the location of Mäntyniemi, official residence of the President of Finland, as well as Kesäranta, the official residence of Prime Minister of Finland. Near Mäntyniemi is the former presidential residence, today a museum dedicated to president Urho Kekkonen. Several hospitals are located in this district, including the Meilahti Hospital of the Helsinki University Central Hospital. Neighbourhoods surrounding Meilahti are Töölö, Ruskeasuo, Pikku Huopalahti and Laakso. For the 1952 Summer Olympics, the neighborhood hosted the rowing events. 1952 Summer Olympics official report. Pp. 54–55
The Finlandia Hall is a congress and event venue in the centre of Helsinki on the Töölönlahti Bay. The building, designed by architect Alvar Aalto, was completed in 1971; every detail in the building is designed by Aalto. The designs were completed in 1962, with building taking place between 1967–1971; the Congress Wing was designed in 1970 and built in 1973–1975. In 2011, the building was expanded with new meeting facilities; the inauguration of the Finlandia Hall was celebrated on 2 December 1971. The inauguration concert included the first performance of Einojuhani Rautavaara’s Meren tytär and Aulis Sallinen’s Symphony, as well as Sibelius’s violin concerto with Isaac Stern as the violin soloist of the Helsinki Philharmonic Orchestra. Pekka Suhonen, Petri Mustonen and Eeva-Kaarina Holopainen authored a comprehensive history of the Finlandia Hall, Events and Music which the Otava Publishing Company published in 2001; the versatile and flexible meeting, exhibition and concert facilities of the Finlandia Hall offer a setting for both large international congresses and small-scale meetings, for various entertainment and public events.
The Finlandia Hall has proved its ability to serve as a venue for several world congresses and as a forum for the world’s top economic and political leaders. The building itself is a popular attraction visited by thousands of tourists from all over the world every year; the building is owned by the City of Helsinki. The main feature of the Finlandia Hall building is a tower like section with a sloping roof. Alvar Aalto's idea behind the design was. A lattice ceiling hides the space to the audience but it allows the creation of the same deep post-echo as tall church towers. Aalto used marble in both outdoor surfaces as a contrast to black granite. For Aalto, marble was a tie to the Mediterranean culture. Finlandia Hall features an optical illusion: the National Museum building on the other side of the street seems to rise from the edge of the Finlandia Hall tower; the effect is created by a black trapezium on the white marble surface of the Finlandia Hall tower. The trapezium has been measured to fit the rising tower of the National Museum when the Finlandia Hall is viewed from the eastern shore of the Töölönlahti Bay.
Aalto liked to create optical illusions. Another example of this can be found on the pedestrian path behind the library building of the Helsinki University of Technology in Espoo; the interior design of the building is a tribute to detail. The design of each lamp, piece of furniture, flooring material and decorative board reflects the mature approach resulting from Aalto’s long career as an architect. All the materials speak the language of nature without technically artificial tones; this is. In the Finlandia Hall, the focus is not on extraordinary ostentatious interior, it is on the performers. According to Aalto, the audience at the Finlandia Hall need not dress up like people used to in the opera foyers and gilded concert halls of the old days. What people wear should be as genuine and natural as the environment in the building; the main building houses the Main Auditorium, Helsinki Hall, Terrace Hall, Elissa Hall, Aurora Hall and Finlandia Restaurant, as well as Cafe Veranda and Galleria Veranda.
The interior of the Finlandia Hall displays many themes. The Main Auditorium was designed as a concert hall, it is a simplified version of the concert hall in the Aalto Theatre, i.e. the Essen Opera House in Germany. The Main Auditorium has been a popular venue for meetings, festivities and events from the beginning; the Auditorium seats 1200 in the stalls and 500 in the balcony. The floor is oak parquet and the blue sections of the wall are Finnish birch; the stage is 14 metres wide. It consists of several modular platforms. In the middle, there is an elevator to the storage rooms located on two floors underneath the stage; the curtain is designed by a Finnish textile designer. The Main Auditorium has served as a venue for several international summit meetings, for instance for the meeting of the Second Stage of Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe in 1975, participated by President Brezhnev from the Soviet Union and President Ford from the United States. In the meeting, every second seat row was removed to accommodate desks for the participants.
Several other heads of states have given speeches in the Main Auditorium, e.g. President Ronald Reagan, President George H. W. Bush, President Mikhail Gorbachov, Pope John Paul II and the 14th Dalai Lama. There has been a lot of discussion about the acoustics of the Main Auditorium. In the beginning, there were problems because Aalto wanted the space to be like a medieval church in which the acoustics are known to be good; the tower section shown here was open. In the reparations that took place the ceiling was lowered to its present height, the height of the stage was increased by half a metre; the doors of the Main Auditorium are covered with material made of horsehair. The organ in the Auditorium, made by the Kangasala Organ Factory, was the first concert hall organ in Finland; the front section of the organ was designed by Alvar Aalto. Piazza is a large foyer; the name goes back to Italy, the country that Aalto admired its market places and squares where people gathered to se
The Swedish Theatre is a Swedish-language theatre in Helsinki, is located at the Erottaja square, at the end of Esplanadi. It was the first national stage of Finland; the first theatre in Helsinki, Engels Teater, was completed in 1827. The wooden building designed by architect Carl Ludvig Engel was located in the corner of Mikaelsgatan and Esplanaden. At the time the theatre was opened it had no permanent actors and many of the actors who performed in the theatre during that time were en route to Saint Petersburg; the theatre designed by Engel soon became too small as the interest in theatre grew among the citizens of Helsinki. The new theatre building was opened on 28 November 1860; the new building, designed by Georg Theodor von Chiewitz, was built on Skillnaden, on the same site as the current Svenska Teatern. The first play performed in the new theatre was Princessan av Cypern by Zacharias Topelius and Fredrik Pacius; the first actors of the theatre were from the group of Pierre Deland. The group performed in the theatre in 1860–1861.
The language was Swedish, but Finnish language was soon launched on stage by the Swedish actress Hedvig Raa-Winterhjelm. Only three years after the new theatre building was completed it was destroyed in a fire in 1863; the building was soon rebuilt, in the Neoclassical style, the theatre re-opened its doors in 1866. This time the architect was Nicholas Benois from Russia; the theatre carried the name Nya Teatern until the year 1887, when a Finnish theatre was opened in Helsinki. Since 1887 the name of the theatre has been Svenska Teatern; the building of Svenska Teatern was renovated in 1935 by architects Eero Jarl Eklund. The richly decorated facade of the building was replaced with a new facade representing functionalism. In the beginning of the 20th century, the directors of the theatre were Swedish and many of the actors came from Sweden. In 1915, it was decided. In 1908, a new theatre school was founded by the theatre. Many pieces of incidental music by Jean Sibelius had their premiere in the theatre, including the initial version of Finlandia in November 1899.
Media related to Swedish Theater, Helsinki at Wikimedia Commons Official website Nordisk familjebok / Uggleupplagan. 8. Feiss — Fruktmögel / 301–302