Mannitol hexanitrate

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Mannitol hexanitrate
Nitromannite.png
Names
IUPAC name
(2R,3R,4R,5R)-Hexane-1,2,3,4,5,6-hexol-1,2,3,4,5,6-hexanitrate
Other names
Mannitol hexanitrate
Nitromannite
Nitromannitol
Nitranitol
Mannitrin
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChEMBL
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.036.280
EC Number 239-924-6
UNII
Properties
C6H8N6O18
Molar mass 452.15 g/mol
Density 1.73 g/cm3
Melting point 112 °C (234 °F; 385 K)
insoluble
Explosive data
Shock sensitivity Slightly higher[vague]
Friction sensitivity Slightly higher[vague]
Detonation velocity 8260 m/s (@ 1.73 g/cm3)
RE factor 1.70
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Mannitol hexanitrate is a powerful explosive. Physically, it is a powdery solid at normal temperature ranges, with density of 1.73 g/cm3. The chemical name is hexanitromannitol and it is also known as nitromannite, MHN, and nitromannitol, and by the trademarks Nitranitol and Mannitrin. It is more stable than nitroglycerin, and it is used in detonators.

Mannitol hexanitrate is a secondary explosive formed by the nitration of mannitol, a sugar alcohol. The product is used in medicine as a vasodilator and as an explosive in blasting caps. Its sensitivity is high, particularly at high temperatures (> 75 °C) where it is slightly more sensitive than nitroglycerine.Nitromannite is a class B explosive.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • The Chemistry of Powder and Explosives, Tenney L. Davis

External links[edit]