The Korean alphabet, known as Hangul, has been used to write the Korean language since its creation in the 15th century by King Sejong the Great. It may be written as Hangeul following the standard Romanization, it is the official writing system of Korea, both North. It is a co-official writing system in the Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture and Changbai Korean Autonomous County in Jilin Province, China, it is sometimes used to write the Cia-Cia language spoken near the town of Indonesia. The Hangul alphabet consisted of 28 letters with 17 consonant letters and 11 vowel letters when it was created; as four became obsolete, the modern Hangul consists of total 24 letters with 14 consonant letters and 10 vowel letters. In North Korea the total is counted 40, it consists of 19 consonant letters and 21 vowel letters as it additionally includes 5 tense consonants and 20. The Korean letters are written in syllabic blocks with each alphabetic letter placed vertically and horizontally into a square dimension.
For example, the Korean word for "honeybee" is written 꿀벌, not ㄲㅜㄹㅂㅓㄹ. As it combines the features of alphabetic and syllabic writing systems, it has been described as an "alphabetic syllabary" by some linguists; as in traditional Chinese writing, Korean texts were traditionally written top to bottom, right to left, are still written this way for stylistic purposes. Today, it is written from left to right with spaces between words and western-style punctuation; some linguists consider it among the most phonologically faithful writing systems in use today. One interesting feature of Hangul is that the shapes of its consonants mimic the shapes of the speaker's mouth when pronouncing each consonant; the Korean alphabet was called Hunminjeong'eum, after the document that introduced the script to the Korean people in 1446. The Korean alphabet is called hangeul, a name coined by Korean linguist Ju Si-gyeong in 1912; the name combines the ancient Korean word han, meaning "great", geul, meaning "script".
The word han is used to refer to Korea in general, so the name means "Korean script". It has been romanized in multiple ways: Hangeul or han-geul in the Revised Romanization of Korean, which the South Korean government uses in English publications and encourages for all purposes. Han'gŭl in the McCune–Reischauer system, is capitalized and rendered without the diacritics when used as an English word, Hangul, as it appears in many English dictionaries. Hānkul in the Yale romanization, a system recommended for technical linguistic studies. In North Korea it is called Chosŏn'gŭl after Chosŏn, the North Korean name for Korea after the old name of Korea; the McCune–Reischauer system is used there. Until the mid-20th century, the Korean elite preferred to write using Chinese characters called Hanja, they referred to Hanja as jinseo or "true letters". Some accounts say the elite referred to the Korean alphabet derisively as'amkeul meaning "women's script", and'ahaetgeul meaning "children's script", though there is no written evidence of this.
Supporters of the Korean alphabet referred to it as jeong'eum meaning "correct pronunciation", gukmun meaning "national script", eonmun meaning "vernacular script". Before the creation of the new Korean alphabet, Koreans wrote using Classical Chinese alongside native phonetic writing systems that predate the modern Korean alphabet by hundreds of years, including Idu script, Hyangchal and Gakpil. However, due to fundamental differences between the Korean and Chinese languages, the large number of characters, many lower class Koreans were illiterate. To promote literacy among the common people, the fourth king of the Joseon dynasty, Sejong the Great created and promulgated a new alphabet; the Korean alphabet was designed so that people with little education could learn to write. A popular saying about the alphabet is, "A wise man can acquaint himself with them before the morning is over; the project was completed in late December 1443 or January 1444, described in 1446 in a document titled Hunminjeong'eum, after which the alphabet itself was named.
The publication date of the Hunminjeongeum, October 9, became Hangul Day in South Korea. Its North Korean equivalent, Chosŏn'gŭl Day, is on January 15. Another document published in 1446 and titled Hunminjeong'eum Haerye was discovered in 1940; this document explains that the design of the consonant letters is based on articulatory phonetics and the design of the vowel letters are based on the principles of yin and yang and vowel harmony. The Korean alphabet faced opposition in the 1440s by the literary elite, including politician Choe Manri and other Korean Confucian scholars, they believed. They saw the circulation of the Korean alphabet as a threat to their status. However, the Korean alphabet entered popular culture as King Sejong had intended, used by women and writers of popular fiction. King Yeonsangun banned the study and publication of the Korean alphabet in 1504, after a document criticizing the king entered the public. King Jungjong abolished the Ministry of Eonmun, a governmental institution related to Hangul research, in 1506.
The late 16th century, saw a revival of the Korean alphabet as gasa and sijo poetry flourished. In the 17th century, the Korean alphabet novels became a major genre. However, the use of the Korea
Kim Soo-mi is a South Korean actress. She has had a prolific career in television. Kim debuted in a talent contest in 1970 shot to fame in Country Diaries; the landmark TV series aired for 20 years, making Kim one of the most popular Korean actresses of the 1980s. In 2003 she made a memorable cameo as a profanity-spouting ajumma in the Jang Nara comedy Oh! Happy Day, it revamped her image and rejuvenated her fading career. Kim became known in the Korean entertainment industry as the "Queen of Ad-lib," with her comic talent showcased in many of her succeeding projects, notably Mapado, Twilight Gangsters, Granny's Got Talent, the Marrying the Mafia sequels. Kim gained attention for her turns in more serious fare, such as 2006's Barefoot Ki-bong, a heartwarming pic about a developmentally disabled man, her 2011 film Late Blossom is a romance between two elderly couples, a topic explored in Korean cinema. The low-budget indie became a sleeper hit, for her portrayal of an Alzheimer's-afflicted woman, Kim won Best Supporting Actress at the Blue Dragon Film Awards.
In 1998, Kim's chauffeur-driven BMW shot backward. Kim filed a ₩ 1 billion lawsuit against BMW; the Seoul District Court ruled in the automaker's favor in 2003, saying that it was unclear whether the accident was caused by driver error or a sudden-start. Kim filed an appeal at the Seoul High Court, she headed the publicity as part of the organizing committee of the 1999 Hanam International Environment Expo. Since 2003, Kim has been the chairman of the Department of Theater and Film at Soongsil University's College of Social Sciences. Mamado Show King Soo-mi Ok Sunday Sunday Night: Age of Charm Kim Soo-mi's Cooking of the Day A Look at Myself "Soomi's Side Dishes" "Countryside Life" - T-ara N4 "Your Sister, Instead of You" - EZ-Life My Mother A Midsummer Night's Dream 너를 보면 살고 싶다 The Pursuit of Happiness with Kim Soo-mi and Kang Nam-gil Hello, This is Kim Hong-shin and Kim Soo-mi 얘들아, 힘들면 연락해! 맘놓고 먹어도 살 안 쪄요 그해 봄, 나는 중이 되고 싶었다 Kim Soo-mi's Jeolla Food Stories I'm Sorry, I Love You 나는 가끔 도망가 버리고 싶다 그리운 것은 말하지 않겠다 너를 보면 살고 싶다 2013 SBS Drama Awards: Achievement Award 2011 32nd Blue Dragon Film Awards: Best Supporting Actress 2007 1st Korean Movie Star Awards: Best Actress Who Made Us Laugh Award 2006 3rd Max Movie Awards: Best Supporting Actress 2006 14th Chunsa Film Art Awards: Best Supporting Actress 2005 26th Blue Dragon Film Awards: Popular Star Award 1986 22nd Baeksang Arts Awards: Most Popular Actress, TV category 1986 MBC Drama Awards: Grand Prize/Daesang 1985 MBC Drama Awards: Top Excellence Award, Actress 1982 Our Star Awards: Recipient 1981 MBC Drama Awards: Excellence Award, Actress 1978 MBC Drama Awards: Top Excellence Award, Actress 1975 MBC Drama Awards: Excellence Award, Actress 1972 MBC Drama Awards: Best New Actress Kim Soo-mi at the Korean Movie Database Kim Soo-mi on IMDb Kim Soo-mi at HanCinema
Late Blossom is a 2011 South Korean film written and directed by Choo Chang-min about the love story of two elderly couples. After opening to little fanfare, the indie gained positive word-of-mouth and critical praise, became a box office success with over 1,645,505 ticket sales, as well as a cultural darling among industry peers; the film is based on the manhwa. It was serialized online in 2007 and published in three volumes. In 2008, it was turned into a play and drew audiences of more than 120,000 by 2010; the movie revolves around four senior citizens living in a hillside village. Kim Man-seok is a cranky milkman with a foul mouth, he wakes the village early each morning with his battered motorcycle. He meets Song Ee-peun; as they meet again and again, they develop feelings for each other. Ms. Song parks her handcart at a junkyard and sees Jang Kun-bong, the caretaker of the parking lot next to the scrap yard. One day, Kun-bong forgets to lock his door and asks Ms. Song to fasten it for him. Meanwhile, Jang's Alzheimer's-afflicted wife Soon-yi wanders around the town, ending up on the back of Man-seok's motorbike.
Lee Soon-jae - Kim Man-seok Yoon So-jung - Song Ee-peun Song Jae-ho - Jang Kun-bong Kim Soo-mi - Jo Soon-yi Oh Dal-su - Dal-su Song Ji-hyo - Kim Yeon-ah Kim Hyung-jun - Jung Min-chae Lee Sang-hoon - Duk-bae Lee Moon-sik - Scratch Kil Hae-yeon - Kun-bong's daughter-in-law 1 Jo Jae-yoon - Kun-bong's brother-in-law Kwon Bum-taek - Man-seok's wife's doctor Lee Chae-eun - young Ee-peun Kang Hyun-joong - young Sang-tae Lee Jun-hyeok - photographer Ra Mi-ran - nurse Jeon Bae-su - public officer of small neighborhood office Lee Moon-su - Duk-bae's father Kim Hyang-gi - street light kid Initially difficult to finance due to ageism, the film was shot with a ₩1 billion budget, marketed with another ₩1.1 billion. The sleeper hit recouped four times its cost in just a few weeks, attracting 1,645,505 admissions and grossing more than US$8,189,246 domestically. A same-titled 16-episode television series spin-off starring Kim Hyung-jun aired on SBS Plus from April to June 2012. Of the movie cast members, only Lee Soon-jae reprised his role.
2011 Blue Dragon Film Awards: Best Supporting Actress - Kim Soo-mi 2011 China Golden Rooster and Hundred Flowers Film Festival: Best Actor, International Film category - Lee Soon-jae Official website Late Blossom on Twitter Late Blossom at the Korean Movie Database Late Blossom on IMDb Late Blossom at HanCinema
Lee Moon-sik is a South Korean actor. Lee Moon-sik debuted in Jang Jin films of the late 1990s after an illustrious career in Daehak-ro, where he learned great comic timing, ad-lib prowess, dramatic acting, he has since become one of South Korea's most prolific supporting actors, appearing in numerous films and television series throughout his career. Among Lee's leading roles are in Mapado, The 101st Proposal, Detective Mr. Gong, A Bloody Aria, Daddy and Here He Comes. 2013 Seoul International Drama Awards: Best Actor 2011 Golden Cinematography Awards: Most Popular Actor 2008 SBS Drama Awards: Best Supporting Actor in a Drama Special 2008 MBC Entertainment Awards: Top Excellence Award, Actor in a Comedy/Sitcom 2004 Korean Film Awards: Best Supporting Actor Lee Moon-sik at Nate Lee Moon-sik at HanCinema Lee Moon-sik at the Korean Movie Database Lee Moon-sik on IMDb
Masquerade (2012 film)
Masquerade is a 2012 South Korean historical film starring Lee Byung-hun in dual role as the bizarre King Gwanghae and the humble acrobat Ha-sun, who stands in for the monarch when he faces the threat of being poisoned. With 12.3 million tickets sold, this historical movie is the ninth highest-grossing movie in Korean film history. It swept the 49th Grand Bell Awards, winning in 15 categories, including Best Film, Director and Actor; the confusing and conspiratorial 15th ruler of Korea's Joseon Dynasty King Gwang-hae orders his secretary of defense, Heo Gyun, to find him a double in order to avoid the constant threat of assassination. In a constant fear of poisoned, the king get obnoxious and threats everyone around him, including the kitchen maids. Heo gyun finds Ha-sun, a lowly acrobat and bawdy joker who looks remarkably like the king to replace the king whenever the king is out of the palace. In few days, just as feared, King Gwang-hae is drugged with Poppy by his favourite consort, conpired by the Law minister.
Heo Gyun proposes Ha-sun fill the role as the king until King Gwang-hae recovers and grooms Ha-sun to look and act every bit the king. While assuming the role of the king at his first official appearance, Ha-sun begins to ponder the intricacies of the problems debated in his court. Being fundamentally more humanitarian than King Gwang-hae, Ha-sun’s affection and appreciation of the most minor servants changes morale in the palace for the better. Over time he finds his voice and takes control of governing the country with real insight and fair judgments. Heo Gyun and the chief enuch moved by Ha-sun’s genuine concern for the people, realizes he is an infinitely better ruler than Gwang-hae. Ha-sun fight for the respect of the Queen's safety and protect her and her brother from death sentence. However, his chief opposition, Park Chung-seo, notices the sudden shift in the king’s behavior and starts to ask questions; the queen is conflicted between the real king and the fake king’s secret. The chief enuch and the secretary of defense ask Ha- sun to leave the country for good.
The king was again brought back to the throne to punish the revolts. Gwanghae, the 15th Joseon king from 1608-1623, attempted diplomacy through neutrality as China's Ming Dynasty and Qing Dynasty set their sights on the country, he tried his hand at other reforms and reconstruction to try to make the nation prosperous, including an emphasis on the restoration of documents, but met with opposition and was deposed and exiled to Jeju Island. Since he was deposed in a coup by the Westerners faction, historians did not give him a temple name like Taejo or Sejong; the premise behind the film is an interpretation of the missing 15 days in the Seungjeongwon ilgi or Journal of the Royal Secretariat during Gwanghae's reign—designated by his 1616 journal entry, "One must not record that which he wishes to hide." It should be noted that that premise is fictitious in nature. This is because The Journal in itself is incomplete due to records being destroyed several times and reproductions of the destroyed documents eventually being destroyed, leading to large missing chunks of records or questionable reproductions that may or may not have been edited every subsequent reproduction.
Relevant records written during the reign of Gwanghae are largely missing. If the Journal were complete, it is unlikely the Secretariat would delete or omit records by order of the King due to protocol. In fact, due to that same protocol the only thing that would happen is that after having received word or having witnessed a certain incident and subsequently ordered to not record it, the Secretariat would record the incident in full and finish the entry stating the King ordered him not to do so. A prime example of the above would be when Taejong fell off his horse when hunting one day and asked the Secretariat to not record this in the journal; the Secretariat however went and recorded the incident and ended his entry with'and His Majesty asked that the Secretariat not record this' Announced in early 2011 and titled I am the King of Joseon, The Prince and the Pauper-inspired historical film was to be directed by Kang Woo-suk and star Jung Jae-young as Gwanghae/Ha-sun and Yoo Jun-sang as Heo Gyun, but Kang left the project over differences of opinion with production firm CJ E&M.
In November 2011, they were replaced by director Choo Chang-min and actor Lee Byung-hun in his first historical film. A month Han Hyo-joo was cast as Lee's co-star; the film was shot at the Namyangju Studio Complex in Gyeonggi Province. Called by one review as one of the best South Korean costume dramas in years, the film drew praise for being beautifully written and involving, as well as for its accomplished acting, sure-handed direction, ambitious scale and commercial appeal, it became the second biggest hit film at the 2012 South Korean box office, attracting 8.2 million admissions in 25 days of release 9,091,633 after 31 days. On its 38th day, it became the 7th film in Korean cinema history to surpass the 10 million-milestone attendance. At the end of its theatrical run it was listed as Korea's all-time third highest-grossing film with 12,319,542 tickets sold nationwide; the film was adapted into a stage play which ran at Seoul's Dongsoong Art Center from February 23 to April 21, 2013. It was produced by Lee Byung-hun's agency BH Entertainment.
Bae Soo-bin and musical theatre actor Kim Do-hyun alternated in the lead role of Gwanghae. As part
Lee Jung-jin, is a South Korean actor. Lee Jung-jin graduated from Konkuk University with a degree in horticulture before studying acting at Hanyang University. Lee worked as a fashion model before being discovered by Jeong Young-beom, the CEO of talent agency Star J Entertainment, he made his acting debut in the 1998 sitcom Soonpoong Clinic, has since appeared in many television dramas, including Two Outs in the Ninth Inning, Love Story in Harvard, The Fugitive: Plan B, A Hundred Year Legacy. He starred in the films Once Upon a Time in High School, Troubleshooter, Eun-ha, most notably Pietà, for which he received the prestigious Okgwan Order of Cultural Merit. From 2009 to 2011, Lee was a cast member of the popular variety show segment Qualifications of Men on KBS2's Happy Sunday. Lee began his mandatory military service on February 28, 2005 where he worked as a member of the public staff at the Gwangjin District office. Lee is an ambassador for South Korean international humanitarian and development organization, Good Neighbors.
In January 2018, Lee's agency confirmed he has been dating former member of 9MUSES's Euaerin since June 2017. Lee Jung-jin at JYP Entertainment Lee Jung-jin at HanCinema Lee Jung-jin at the Korean Movie Database Lee Jung-jin on IMDb