Marand

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Marand
مرند
City
Marand is located in Iran
Marand
Marand
Coordinates: 38°25′58″N 45°46′30″E / 38.43278°N 45.77500°E / 38.43278; 45.77500Coordinates: 38°25′58″N 45°46′30″E / 38.43278°N 45.77500°E / 38.43278; 45.77500
Country Iran
ProvinceEast Azerbaijan
CountyMarand
BakhshCentral
Government
 • MayorMorteza Movahednia[1]
 • ParliamentHassannejad
Population (2016 Census)
 • Urban130,825 [2]
Time zoneUTC+3:30 (IRST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+4:30 (IRDT)

Marand (Persian: مرند‎; Azerbaijani: مرند; also Romanized as Morand)[3] is a city and capital of Marand County, East Azerbaijan Province, Iran.

Marand is among major cities in the province. It is located in the north-west of capital of the province Tabriz. Marand has been known by various names in history, such as Maryana, Mandagarana, and Maranda.

Etymology[edit]

Moritz von Kotzebue and August von Haxthausen both described local legends that placed the burial spot of Noah's wife at Marand. Both authors contended that the name of the city means "the mother lies here," referring to Noah's wife.[4][5] According to Kotzebue:

Of Maranda, it is likewise asserted by the Armenians, that Noah's immediate descendants settled there, and even that it is the place of his wife's interment. Who could have neglected the sight of such a hallowed ground? Curiosity led us to the spot, and we found that the Moslems had built, on the place where Noah's wife is reported to have been buried, a chapel, with bare walls, which are not so cleanly as the religion of Mahomet prescribes. When the chapel was finished, nobody, however, would undertake to point out the actual spot where the body lay. A miracle solved their doubts. Thirty-eight years ago, during an earthquake, the ground opened, and two Mollahs (Moslem priests), of whom we saw one in the chapel, together with several inhabitants, witnessed the sudden appearance of a large tomb of stone, which, however, soon vanished in the opening. From that time, true believers have been convinced that Noah's wife lies interred there; although it would seem, that the honour of actual sepulture is a point at issue between her and Noah's mother, as Maranda signifies, in the Armenian language, the "mother lies here." This grave, perhaps, contributed to induce the [Imperial Russian] Ambassador to rest here a day.[4]

History[edit]

The history of the town goes back to the pre-Islamic era.[6] Between 815 till 850, Marand was primarily controlled by Mohammad ibn Ba'ith who was Iranicized to a considerable extent.[6] The elders of Maragha who quoted his Persian poetry also praised his bravery and his literatry ability.[6] He was Iranicized to considerable extent and the statement of Tabari on him is evidence of the existence of the cultivation of poetry in Persian in northwest Persia at the beginning of the 9th century.[6]

In the news[edit]

During February 2010, it was reported that an attack was carried out in the city of Marand, against a truck which was carrying tear gas and other substances for the use of the Iranian Revolutionary Guards.[7] The Iran Liberation Front claimed responsibility for the attack through a video posted on YouTube.[8]

Famous natives[edit]

For a complete list see: Category:People from Marand

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ https://www.amar.org.ir/english
  3. ^ Marand can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3074041" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  4. ^ a b Kotzebue, Moritz von (1819). Narrative of a Journey into Persia, in the Suite of the Imperial Russian Embassy, in the Year 1817. London: Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, and Brown. pp. 143–146.
  5. ^ Haxthausen, Baron August von (2016) [1854-55]. Transcaucasia and the Tribes of the Caucasus. Translated by John Edward Taylor. Introduction by Pietro A. Shakarian. Foreword by Dominic Lieven. London: Gomidas Institute. p. 141. ISBN 978-1909382312.
  6. ^ a b c d Minorsky, “Marand” in Encyclopaedia of Islam. P. Bearman , Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs (eds.). Vol. 6, (1991): p. 504 "According to one of al-Tabari's authorities (iii, 1388), the shaykhs of Maragha who praised the bravery and literary ability (adab) of Ibn Bai'th also quoted his Persian verses (bi'l-fdrisiyya). This important passage, already quoted by Barthold, BSOS, ii (1923), 836–8, is evidence of the existence of the cultivation of poetry in Persian in north-western Persia at the beginning of the 9th century. Ibn Bai’th must have been Iranicised to a considerable extent, and, as has been mentioned, he relied for support on the non-Arab elements in his Rustakhs (‘Uludj Rasatikhi’)”
  7. ^ La misteriosa Azadeh contro i Pasdaran «Ho attaccato un camion di lacrimogeni» – Corriere della Sera. Corriere.it (11 February 2010). Retrieved on 2013-05-18.
  8. ^ jabhe.azadi.wmv. YouTube (2010-02-06). Retrieved on 2013-05-18.