David Marash, known as Dave Marash, is an American television journalist known for his work at ABC News and Al Jazeera English. A graduate of Williams College, Marash worked at New Brunswick, New Jersey, station WCTC-AM, where he hosted a nightly talk show, Dave Marash On Call, he had been a reporter at WPIX. He did both news and sports reporting for WCBS Newsradio 88 in New York City, he subsequently worked at WCBS-TV in New York. Marash was host of ESPN's Baseball Tonight and NBC's GrandStand, which alternated as a National Football League pregame show or a sports anthology series, depending on the season. In the early years of the Fox television network, Marash hosted a magazine-style show of science and technology entitled Beyond Tomorrow, he worked at ABC News. His last appearance prior to joining Al Jazeera English was on Nightline, he had anchored newscasts at WNBC in New York and WRC-TV in Washington, D. C. during the mid-1980s. He received Emmy Awards for his Nightline coverage of the Oklahoma City bombing and for his coverage of the explosion of TWA Flight 800.
His May 2001 Nightline documentary about singer Eva Cassidy was one of the highlights of his years with the program. Marash garnered considerable attention when he joined Al Jazeera English in January 2006 as the network's Washington, D. C. anchor. Two years in March 2008, he stepped down from his position. Marash explained, "To put it bluntly, the channel that's on now—while excellent, I plan to be a lifetime viewer—is not the channel that I signed up to do." He cited the loss of editorial control and his inability to vouch for content that the network was broadcasting, as reasons for his departure. On February 14, 2011, Marash defended Al Jazeera English on the O'Reilly Factor on Fox News against claims by Bill O'Reilly that Al Jazeera was anti-American, he joined Santa Fe, New Mexico, public radio station KSFR-FM 101.1 in March 2014 as co–news director. Since September 2014, he has hosted HERE AND THERE, a four-times-weekly series of 50-minute news interviews, his podcast page is davemarash.com A News Legend Comes Out Of Retirement "Hope for the Hirsute", time.com, July 6, 1970.
Profile, msnbc.msn.com. "In Defense of'Self-Hating' Jews" by Menachem Wecker, Jewish Currents, May 2007, which quotes Marash Media related to Dave Marash at Wikimedia Commons
Nork-Marash, is one of the 12 districts of Yerevan, the capital of Armenia. It is located to the east of the city centre, it is bordered by the Kentron District form the west and the north, Nor Nork from the east and Erebuni from the south. The name of the district is derived from the Nork neighbourhood of Yerevan and the ancient major Armenian settlement of Marash in modern-day Republic of Turkey; the district is unofficially divided into smaller neighborhoods such as Nor Marash. The district was formed in 1996 through the merger of Nor Marash neighborhoods, it has an area of 4 km² and a population of 12,049. Garegin Hovsepyan street. Armenak Armenakyan street. David Bek street. Holy Mother of God Church, opened in 1995. Public TV of Armenia and the Yerevan TV Tower. Nork-Marash Medical Center. Nork-Marash district
Varosha is an abandoned southern quarter of the Cypriot city of Famagusta. Before the Turkish invasion of Cyprus in 1974, it was the modern tourist area of the city, its inhabitants fled during the invasion, when it came under Turkish control, it has remained abandoned and under the occupation of the Turkish Armed Forces since. As of 2019, the quarter is described as a ghost town. Entry is forbidden to the public. In the early 1970s, Famagusta was the number-one tourist destination in Cyprus. To cater to the increasing number of tourists, many new high-rise buildings and hotels were constructed. During its heyday, Varosha was not only the number-one tourist destination in Cyprus, but between 1970 and 1974, it was one of the most popular tourist destinations in the world, was a favourite destination of celebrities such as Elizabeth Taylor, Richard Burton, Raquel Welch, Brigitte Bardot; the main features of Varosha included John F. Kennedy Avenue, a street which ran from close to the port of Famagusta, through Varosha and parallel to Glossa beach.
Along JFK Avenue, there were many well known high rise hotels including the King George Hotel, The Asterias Hotel, The Grecian Hotel, The Florida Hotel, The Argo Hotel, the favourite hotel of Elizabeth Taylor. The Argo Hotel is located near the end of JFK Avenue, looking towards Fig Tree Bay. Another major street in Varosha was Leonidas, a major street that came off JFK Avenue and headed west towards Vienna Corner. Leonidas was a major shopping and leisure street in Varosha, consisting of bars, nightclubs, a Toyota car dealership. Before the Turkish invasion of Cyprus, the city of Varosha had a population of 39,000. Following the invasion of Cyprus on July 20,1974, the Greek Cypriot army withdrew its forces to Larnaca; the Turkish army advanced as far as the Green Line, the present day border between the two communities. Just hours before the Greek Cypriot and Turkish armies met in military combat on the streets of Famagusta, the entire population fled, fearing a massacre, an action aided and orchestrated by the nearby stationed UK military base.
Many refugees fled south to Paralimni and Larnaca. Paralimni has since become the modern day capital of the Famagusta province; when the Turkish Army gained control of the area during the invasion, they fenced it off and have since barred admittance to anyone except Turkish military and United Nations personnel. The people living in Varosha hoped to return to their home when the situation calmed down, but the resort was fenced off by the Turkish military; the UN Security Council Resolution 550 of 1984 ordered for Varosha to be handed over to the administration of the United Nations, was to be resettled by no other people than the inhabitants who were forced out. The Turkish state did not comply but has held Varosha as a "bargaining chip" since in the hope of persuading the people of Cyprus into accepting a settlement of the Cyprus issue on their terms. One such settlement plan was the Annan Plan, which the vast majority of Greek Cypriots rejected as unfair, it provided for the return of Varosha to the original residents, but this never happened because the plan was rejected by Greek Cypriot voters in a referendum, as the overall plan was considered unacceptable.
The UN Security Council Resolution 550 states that it "considers attempts to settle any part of Varosha by people other than its inhabitants as inadmissible and calls for the transfer of this area to the administration of the United Nations". Since 1974, Turkey has forbidden entry to the district with the exception of the TSK personnel; the European Court of Human Rights awarded between €100,000 and €8,000,000 to eight Greek Cypriots for being deprived of their homes and properties as a result of the 1974 invasion. The case was filed jointly by businessman Constantinos Lordos and others, with the principal judgement in the Lordos case dating back to November 2010; the court ruled that, in the case of eight of the applicants, Turkey had violated Article 1 of Protocol 1 of the European Convention on Human rights on the right of peaceful enjoyment of one's possessions, in the case of seven of the applicants, Turkey had violated Article 8 on the right to respect for private and family life. In the absence of human habitation and maintenance, buildings continue to decay.
Nature is reclaiming the area, as metal corrodes, windows break, plants work their roots into the walls and pavement. Sea turtles have been seen nesting on the deserted beaches. During the Cyprus Missile Crisis, the Turkish Cypriot leader, Rauf Denktash, threatened to take over Varosha if the Cypriot government didn't back down. BBC News - Varosha: The abandoned tourist resort Hopes for reunification NYTimes, 2015
Bourj Hammoud, is a town and municipality in Lebanon located north-east of the capital Beirut, in the Metn district and is part of Greater Beirut. The town is populated by Armenians. Bourj Hammoud is a mixed residential and commercial area and is one of the most densely populated districts in the Middle East; when the sick and exhausted Armenians who had survived the death marches in Deir ez-Zor arrived in Beirut after the collapse of the Ottoman Empire, they were given the right to construct shacks on the eastern banks of the Beirut River, at the time swamps and marshy lands. They were allowed to erect houses and buildings which stand to this day. In 1952, Bourj Hammoud became an independent municipality and is a member of the Metn-North group of municipalities; the founding father of Bourj Hammoud and its municipality was the Armenian Catholic Father Paul Ariss, instrumental in laying the foundations of a bustling city and center for the Lebanese Armenian community and served a long time as its mayor.
The municipality named a main street in Bourj Hammoud in his name in acknowledgement of his sizable contributions to the establishment and development of the city. During its founding and early settlement, Bourj Hammoud was the focus of a rivalry between two Armenian political parties, the Armenian Revolutionary Federation and the Social Democrat Hunchakian Party, who struggled to control the newly established shanty-town; this led to various assassinations that gripped the Armenian community of Lebanon. This was climaxed during the Lebanon crisis of 1958, around the time where the two parties and their supporters became polarized due to a religious dispute over which catholicos would be the leader of the Armenian Apostolic Church. However, in the midst of increasing sectarian strife in the late 1960s and early 1970s, Lebanon's Armenian community began to close ranks, in 1972, the Hunchakian Party ran a joint ticket with the Dashnaks; the Lebanese Civil War threatened the existence of Beirut's Armenian community.
Armenians felt the need to stick close to each other during those turbulent times, they assembled in Bourj Hammoud. Armenian presence was evident in Bourj Hammoud by its multiple Armenian community centers and churches. During the Lebanese Civil War, many young Armenians took arms to defend it from the opposing forces. However, the Armenian Revolutionary Federation, the Armenian political party representing most Armenians in the diaspora, tried its best to remain neutral; because of the Armenian policy of neutrality, Maronite militia groups kept the inhabitants of Bourj Hammoud under strong pressure attacking the quarter of Bourj Hammoud. During the 2006 Israel-Lebanon conflict, refugees were welcomed into Bourj Hammoud's churches and other complexes where they were fed and given shelters. After the conflict, Turkey proposed to send some of its troops to Lebanon as a part of UNIFIL. Most Armenians opposed Turkish involvement, they held demonstrations against the Turkish force in Bourj Hammoud.
Bourj Hammoud is located at 33°53′37″N 35°32′25″E just off of the highway and surrounded by the communities of Dora, Sin el Fil and Achrafieh. Most residential buildings and houses in Bourj Hammoud were built from the 1930s to the 1970s, they are from two to four stories high. The housing structure looks Balkan, with wooden balconies hanging over the narrow streets of the suburb. Most commercial activity is done at street level; the city is dynamic and industrious although it faces some environmental issues due to its location at the edge of Beirut. It is crisscrossed by motorways and turns its back to the sea, from which it has reclaimed a few hectares of land. Bourj Hammoud has a large number of churches, cultural centers and institutions located in its vicinity. Bourj Hamoud is divided into seven major districts or neighbourhoods: Dora is a major commercial and residential district administered by Bourj Hammoud municipality and has a large industrial sector in its geographic area. Dora is a Christian suburb of Beirut but Lebanese of other faiths call the suburb home.
Foreign laborers Egyptians and Sri Lankans live in Dora due to the lower-cost rents available. Naba'a or just Nabaa is a suburb that has both commercial and residential zones and is one of the most densely populated areas of the Middle East. Naba'a is administered by Bourj Hammoud borders Sin el Fil area, it is the main Muslim sector in the Bourj Hammoud municipality inhabited predominantly by Shia Muslims but by Christian Armenians. However, demographic changes due to the Lebanese Civil War have resulted in residency by Lebanese of other faiths as well as foreign laborers from Syria and Asian and African migrant workers due to the lower rents and job opportunities available in the area. Nahr is the area closest to Beirut and borders the Beirut River that serves as an administrative division between Bourj Hammoud and the capital Beirut. A heavy hub of traffic, it serves to traverse to the Lebanese capital through two main bridge called "Jisr Beirut" crossing over the river) Ghilan is located within the eastern part of Bourj Hammoud at a higher altitude in comparison with other parts of the town.
It was first inhabited in 1861 by the Abou Abdallah family. Most streets in Bourj Hammoud are named after cities in modern-day Armenia and Armenian cities now in Turkey where the local Armenian population traces its roots, such as Marash, Adana, Cilicia, etc. Many street
Kahramanmaraş is a city in the Mediterranean Region of Turkey and the administrative center of Kahramanmaraş Province. Before 1973, Kahramanmaraş was named Maraş; the city lies on a plain at the foot of the Ahir Dağı and has a population of 1,112,634 as of 2017. The region is best known for its distinctive ice cream, its production of salep, a powder made from dried orchid tubers, it is connected by air to Ankara. Turkish Airlines has daily direct flights from İstanbul and AnadoluJet operates direct flights from Ankara. In the early Iron Age, Maraş was the capital city of the Syro-Hittite state Gurgum, it was known as "the Kurkumaean city" as Marqas to the Assyrians. In 711 BC, the land of Gurgum was annexed as an Assyrian province and renamed as Marqas after its capital. Maraş was called Germanicia Caesarea in the time of Byzantine empires. According to a 2010 Cumhuriyet article, the first ruins of Germanicia have been unearthed in the Dulkadiroğulları quarters of the city. In 645, Germanicia was taken from the Byzantines by the Muslim Arabs, to whom the city was known as Marʻash.
Marash was an important Syriac Orthodox diocese. Over the next three centuries, Marash belonged to the fortified Arab-Byzantine frontier zone and was used as a base for incursions into Byzantine-held Asia Minor by the Arabs, it was destroyed several times during the Arab-Byzantine Wars. It was rebuilt by the Umayyad caliph Muawiya I and was expanded ca. 800 by the Abbasid caliph Harun al-Rashid. The city was controlled by the Tulunids and Hamdanids before the Byzantines, under Nikephoros Phokas, recovered it in 962. After the defeat of Emperor Romanos IV Diogenes at the Battle of Manzikert in 1071, Philaretos Brachamios, a former Byzantine general, founded a principality centred on the city, which stretched from Antioch to Edessa. Germanikeia was captured by Baldwin I of Jerusalem in 1098, during the First Crusade, made part of the County of Edessa, becoming an important center during Crusader rule. According to the Chronicle of Matthew of Edessa, it was destroyed by an earthquake and 10,000 people were killed, an exaggeration.
In 1100, it was captured by the Danishmends, followed by the Seljuks in 1103. In 1107, Crusaders led by Tancred retook it with aid from Toros I of Little Armenia. In 1135, the Danishmends captured it the next year. However, the Crusaders retook it in 1137. Baldwin of Germanikeia died in a war in 1146, while trying recover Edessa Nur ad-Din Zangi, which had taken the side of Joscelin II of Edessa, his successor Reynald of Germanikeia died in the Battle of Inab against the Zengids. Sultan Mesud I of the Sultanate of Rum took the city in 1149. Marash was captured by the Zengids in 1151, but was recaptured by the Seljuks in 1152. Maraş was left to Mleh, his collaborator. Marash passed to the Seljuks in 1174 and to the Ayyubids in 1182. Kaykhusraw I, Sultan of Rum captured Marash in 1208. Seljuk rule lasted to 1258. In 1258, Maraş was captured by the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia, following the war with the Ilkhanate. Served by an Armenian Apostolic Church Archbishop, it became for a short period of time, the seat of the Catholicossate of the Great House of Cilicia.
Marash was captured by Al-Ashraf Khalil, Mamluk Sultan in 1292. But, it was recaptured by Hethum II, King of Cilician Armenia in 1299. Marash was taken by the Mamluks in 1304. Marash was ruled by Dulkadirs as vassals of the Mamluks from 1337–1515 before being annexed to the Ottoman Empire. In the early days of Ottoman rule there were 1,557 adult males. During Ottoman rule, the city was the centre of Eyalet of Dulkadir and a sanjak centre in the Vilayet of Aleppo. Marash was controlled by British troops between 22 February 1919 and 30 October 1919 by French troops after the Armistice of Mudros, it was taken over by the Turkish National Movement after the Battle of Marash on 13 February 1920. Afterward a massacre of Armenian civilians took place. Roving Turkish bands threw kerosene-doused rags on Armenian homes and laid a constant barrage upon the American relief hospital; the Armenians themselves, as in previous times of trouble, sought refuge in their churches and schools. Women and children found momentary shelter in Marash's six Armenian Apostolic and three Armenian Evangelical churches, in the city's sole Catholic cathedral.
All the churches, the entire Armenian districts, were set alight. When the 2,000 Armenians who had taken shelter in the Catholic cathedral attempted to leave, they were shot. Early reports put the number of Armenians dead at no less than 16,000, although this was revised down to 5,000–12,000. In 1973, Marash's name was changed to Kahramanmaraş when the Turkish government added "Kahraman" to the name, in reference to the bravery of the people of the city in resisting the French occupation after the First World War. Kahraman means "hero" in Turkish. In December 1978, Kahramanmaraş was the site of a massacre of leftist Alevis. A Turkish nationalist group, the Grey Wolves, incited the violence -- 1000 dead; the incident was important in the Turkish government's decision to declare martial law, the eventual military coup in 1980. Kahramanmaraş has a mediterranean climate. Summers are hot