Maratha–Mysore War

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The Maratha–Mysore War (1785-1787) was a conflict in the 18th century India, between the Maratha Empire and the Kingdom of Mysore. It began in February 1785. In the aftermath of the Second Anglo-Mysore War (1780-1784), Mysorean ruler Tipu Sultan sought to forestall offensive moves by the Marathas, who had established a military alliance with the Nizam of Hyderabad to recover territories both had lost to Mysore in previous conflicts. Much of the desired territory was subject to marches, countermarches, and sieges of fortified points. The Marathas also attempted to draw the British East India Company into the pending conflict, but a neutrality policy implemented by the new governor-general, Lord Charles Cornwallis made its participation impossible. In the Maratha-Mysore Wars Marathas benefited from most of the wars, while Tipu Sultan had to pay a lot of annual tribute to Marathas. Marathas recovered most of the hindu population from Tipu Sultan's cruel acrocities.

Major conflicts[edit]

Post war treaty[edit]

Maratha-Mysore war ended in April 1787, following the finalizing of treaty of Gajendragad, as per which, Tipu Sultan of Mysore was obligated to pay 4.8 million rupees as a war cost to the Marathas, and an annual tribute of 1.2 million rupees, In addition to returning all the territory captured by Hyder Ali.[1][2] Tipu also agreed to pay 4 year's arrears of the tribute, which Mysore owed to the Marathas, which Tipu's father, Hyder Ali had undertaken to pay.[3]