Marathon is a town in the Canadian province of Ontario, located in Thunder Bay District, on the north shore of Lake Superior north of Pukaskwa National Park, in the heart of the Canadian Shield. As long ago as 500 BC the area was inhabited by Ojibway Natives who lived along the Pic River and there are still their descendants living in the area today. Marathon of today was born as a railroad community named Peninsula, due to its location on a peninsula on Lake Superior. Constructing the railroad, between 1881 and 1883, over the region's terrain was a great engineering feat. At the time of the construction, some 12,000 men and 5,000 horses worked out of the town, it has been said, but not verified, that certain sections of track would be laid one day, only to be devoured by the earth the next. Like most railroad communities, once the railroad had been completed Peninsula's population dwindled and by 1935, the census of the town was just 23, it wasn't until a pulp mill was constructed in town, between 1944 and 1946, that the population rose back to 2,500, the town's name was changed, first to Everest - after D.
C. Everest, president of Marathon Corporation of Wisconsin, owners of the pulp mill in the town - later the same year, to Marathon, in honor of the paper company itself; the Everest name was discarded due to sounding too close to Ontario. Marathon Corporation operated the mill for eleven years before the company was acquired by American Can Company in 1957; the Marathon mill operated under the name American Can of Canada Limited for over 25 years. James River Corporation, which had purchased American Can's US-based towel and tissue division in late 1981, entered into a joint venture with Buchanan Forest Products to create James River-Marathon Ltd. that purchased the mill in April 1983. In May 1997, James River Corporation merged with Fort Howard Corporation and the Marathon mill became Fort James-Marathon Ltd. In January 2000, Fort James sold Marathon to a 50/50 joint venture of Tembec and Kruger, creating Marathon Pulp Inc. In the early 1980s, gold was discovered at Hemlo, an uninhabited area adjacent to the Trans Canada highway some 40 kilometres east of Marathon.
By the late 1980s, three mines were running at Hemlo, with two of the three mines locating their employees in Marathon, which doubled its population making it the largest town along the North Shore between Sault Ste. Marie and Thunder Bay. Personal residences encompass an area starting from Lake Superior, stretch out to a new subdivision near Penn Lake, an in-town campsite and beach in the eastern portion of the town; the Pic River is located outside of the town's eastern limits. The town is adjacent to Peninsula Harbour and has several coves including Carden Cove, Sturdee Cove and Craddock Cove, all three located west-northwest of Marathon. Penn Lake is a local lake within the town where tourists can enjoy water sports. Heron Bay is a town located to the south of Marathon, shares the post office and phone prefix; the Pic River First Nation is located on the outskirts of Pukaskwa National Park. Population trend: Population in 2016: 3273 Population in 2011: 3353 Population in 2006: 3863 Population in 2001: 4416 Population in 1996: 4791 Population in 1991: 5064 Marathon's resource economy was built on pulp, most managed by Marathon Pulp Inc.
On February 12, 2009, Marathon Pulp Inc. announced an indefinite shutdown that eliminated hundreds of jobs from the region, negatively impacted both to Marathon's tax base and its local economy. Starting in the mid-1980s Marathon's economy expanded to include gold mining; the Hemlo Operations included three gold mining operations: Williams, David Bell and Golden Giant mines. In 2009, Vancouver-based Teck Cominco mining company sold its 50% share of Williams and David Bell to its investing partner, Barrick Gold Corporation, while Golden Giant was decommissioned in 2005. Golden Giant mine is now owned by Barrick Gold Corporation, is now part of David Bell mine. Marathon is the center of commerce for the rural region, it boasts the largest indoor shopping mall between Thunder Bay and Sault Ste. Marie, one of only three Canadian Tire department stores in the region. Marathon is located 2 km west of Trans Canada Highway 17, to which it is connected via Peninsula Road; the town is served by the Canadian Pacific Railway and a geographically important airport just north of the Trans-Canada Highway 4 km northeast of the town.
Marathon is served by five schools. Three of these are public schools: Margaret Twomey Public School, Marathon High School, École Secondaire Cité-Supérieure. Two are Roman Catholic separate schools: École Val-des-Bois. Marathon has a children's park named after one of the town's founders. There are numerous hotels including Travelodge, Harbour Inn and the Zero 100 Motor Inn. Marathon has a challenging 9 hole golf course, Cross-country skiing trails and down hill skiing, a 4-sheet curling venue, the only indoor swimming pool between Thunder Bay and Sault Ste. Marie. Recent developments in the town include a new skatepark, basketball courts and the refinishing of the tennis courts. Marathon's art and culture community has varied over time. Within the last decade, Marathon has been home to a community entertainment series, a community choir, coffee houses & culture jams, a writer's group, an art gallery, house concerts, frequent dinner theatres and photography displays, quilting groups and shows, a ceramics club, annual craft shows, numerous art classes.
A summer music series, known as "Concerts in the Parking Lot", was inaugurated in July 2006 and is held in the town centre on Wednesday evenings in summer
Marathon (village), New York
Marathon is a village within the town of Marathon in Cortland County, New York, United States. The population of the village was 919 at the 2010 census, out of 1,967 in the entire town; the village is within the former Central New York Military Tract and was incorporated in 1861. Marathon hosts a yearly "Maple Festival" in the spring; the Peck Memorial Library and Tarbell Building are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Marathon village is located in the western part of the town of Marathon at 42°26′37″N 76°2′12″W, it is at the junction of U. S. Route 11, Interstate 81, New York State Route 221. Via I-81 it is 14 miles north to Cortland, the county seat, 26 miles south to Binghamton. According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 1.1 square miles. Less than 0.004 square miles, or 0.18%, is covered with water. The Tioughnioga River, part of the Susquehanna River watershed, flows southward through the village; as of the census of 2000, there were 1,063 people, 419 households, 286 families residing in the village.
The population density was 941.4 people per square mile. There were 439 housing units at an average density of 388.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 98.97% White, 0.38% Black or African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.09% from other races, 0.38% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.56% of the population. There were 419 households out of which 36.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.6% were married couples living together, 13.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.7% were non-families. 26.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.03. In the village, the population was spread out with 29.2% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 26.7% from 25 to 44, 22.9% from 45 to 64, 13.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 82.6 males.
For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.9 males. The median income for a household in the village was $32,639, the median income for a family was $42,000. Males had a median income of $31,538 versus $23,500 for females; the per capita income for the village was $16,379. About 11.4% of families and 12.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.9% of those under age 18 and 17.5% of those age 65 or over. Village of Marathon government
Marathon Oil Corporation simply referred to as Marathon Oil, is an American petroleum and natural gas exploration and production company headquartered in the Marathon Oil Tower in Houston, Texas. As of December 31, 2015, the company had 2.163 billion barrels of oil equivalent of estimated proved reserves, of which 44% was in the United States, 32% was in Canada, 12% was in Equatorial Guinea, 11% was in other countries in Africa Libya. The company has concessions with the Waha Oil Company in Libya. Libya accounts for 235 million barrels of oil equivalent of estimated proved reserves, although the company did not sell any product from these operations in 2015 since operations were interrupted by civil and political unrest. In Canada, the company was focused on the Athabasca oil sands project, in which the company owned a 20% interest; the company's proved reserves consisted 40% of petroleum, 32% synthetic crude, 19% natural gas and 9% natural gas liquids. In 2015, the company sold 438 thousand barrels of oil equivalent per day.
In 2015, the company derived 13% of its revenues from sales to Irving Oil and 11% of its revenues from sales to Shell Oil. In 2016, the company plans to spend $1.4 billion on capital expenditures, of which $1.2 billion will be spent in North America, including $600 million in the Eagle Ford and $200 million in the Bakken formation. The company owns 277,000 net acres in the Bakken formation. Marathon began as The Ohio Oil Company in 1887. In 1889, it was purchased by John D. Rockefeller's Standard Oil, it remained a part of Standard Oil until Standard Oil was broken up in 1911. In 1930, The Ohio Oil Company bought the Transcontinental Oil Company and established the "Marathon" brand name. In 1962, the company changed its name to "Marathon Oil Company". In 1982, Mobil made a hostile offer to buy the company. A legal battle ensued thereafter. After the merger, the headquarters was moved to Houston, Texas in 1990 but the company's refining subsidiary maintained its headquarters in Findlay, Ohio. In 1984, Marathon purchased the U.
S. unit of Husky Energy for $505 million. In 1998, Marathon and Ashland, Inc. contributed their refining operations to Marathon Ashland Petroleum LLC, now Marathon Petroleum. In 2001, USX, the holding company that owned United States Steel and Marathon, spun off the steel business and, in 2002, USX renamed itself Marathon Oil Corporation. In 2003, Marathon sold its Canadian operations to Husky Energy. In 2003, the company sold its interest in the Yates Oil Field to Kinder Morgan for $225 million. In late 2003, Marathon Oil and its partners Noble Energy and AMPCO started the Bioko Island Malaria Control Project in Equatorial Guinea. Malaria control activities included indoor residual spraying, improved diagnosis and case management, capacity building to contain future outbreaks. BIMCP had proven being successful in reducing malaria transmission, reducing the proportion of children with malaria parasites, improving iron status. BIMCP is perceived as a model of hands-on corporate involvement in a humanitarian effort with government, non-profits and academic organizations to reduce the burden of malaria in countries located in Equatorial Africa.
The president of Equatorial Guinea, Obiang Nguema, is one of the world's worst dictators, according to Parade Magazine. Marathon's humanitarian efforts have mitigated some of the criticism resulting from its dealings with Nguema's regime. In 2008, Marathon Oil and Lestis Private Capital Group started the Central Basin Control Project In 2007, Marathon acquired Western Oil Sands for $6.6 billion and gained ownership of its 20 percent stake in the Athabasca Oil Sands Project in northern Alberta and other assets in the midwestern United States. The Athabasca project's Muskeg River Mine was producing 155,000 barrels a day of bitumen at the time. In 2011, Marathon completed the corporate spin-off of Marathon Petroleum, distributing a 100% interest to its shareholders. In June 2013, Marathon sold its Angolan gas field to Sinopec for $1.52 billion. In September 2013, Marathon announced it would sell a 10% stake in an oil and gas field offshore Angola for around $590 million to Sonangol Group. In June 2014, Marathon Oil Norge AS was acquired by Det Norske Oljeselskap ASA for US$2.1 billon.
Marathon Petroleum Standard Oil James C. Donnell List of oil exploration and production companies Marathon Oil Company Website Marathon Oil: Our History Evaluating the welfare implications of the first round of indoor residual spraying in Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea Marathon CEO discusses America's energy security
The Marathon was an automobile built by the Marathon Motor Works company in Nashville, Tennessee. It was manufactured from 1911 to 1914 when financial difficulties forced the company to sell its machinery to another automaker in Indianapolis. Only eight examples of the car are known to still exist; the Marathon was popular with the public, by 1912 they were producing 200 cars monthly. In 1913, the Marathon was available in three different chassis sizes and at least 10 different body styles; the three chassis sizes were: Runner: 25 horse power, 104 inch wheelbase Winner: 35 horse power, 116 inch wheelbase Champion: 45 horse power, 123 inch wheelbase Media related to Marathon vehicles at Wikimedia Commons
A half marathon is a road running event of 21.0975 km —half the distance of a marathon. It is common for a half marathon event to be held concurrently with a marathon or a 5K race, using the same course with a late start, an early finish or shortcuts. If finisher medals are awarded, the medal or ribbon may differ from those for the full marathon; the half marathon is known as a 21K, 21.1K or 13.1 miles, although these values are rounded and not formally correct. A half marathon world record is recognised by the International Association of Athletics Federations; the official IAAF world record for men is 58:18, set by Abraham Kiptum of Kenya on October 28, 2018 in Valencia and for women is 1:04:51, set by Joyciline Jepkosgei of Kenya on October 22, 2017, in Valencia, Spain. Participation in half marathons has grown since 2003 because it is a challenging distance, but does not require the same level of training that a marathon does. In 2008, Running USA reported. Correct as of April 2019; this table lists the best half marathon performances per year since 1970, as recorded by the ARRS.
In 2014, the largest half marathon in the world was the Göteborgsvarvet known as the Gothenburg half marathon, in Sweden with 64,288 announced runners and 47,491 finishers. The largest half marathon held was Broloppet between Copenhagen in Denmark and Malmö in Sweden with 79,719 finishers, held in connection with the Øresund Bridge inauguration in 2000. In 2017 Harriette Thompson became the oldest woman to finish a half-marathon, at age 94 at the Rock'n' Roll San Diego Marathon. List of half marathon races IAAF World Half Marathon Championships Mini marathon Quarter marathon Half marathon world record progression One hour run IAAF list of half-marathon records in XML
Marathon is a town in Greece and the site of the battle of Marathon in 490 BCE, in which the outnumbered Athenian army defeated the Persians. Legend has it that Pheidippides, a Greek herald at the battle, was sent running from Marathon to Athens to announce the victory, how the marathon running race was conceived in modern times; the name "Marathon" comes from the herb fennel, called marathon or marathos in Ancient Greek, so Marathon means "a place full of fennels". It is believed that the town was named so because of an abundance of fennel plants in the area. Anciently, Marathon occupied a small plain in the northeast of ancient Attica, which contained four places, Probalinthus and Oenoe, which formed the Tetrapolis, one of the 12 districts into which Attica was divided before the time of Theseus. Here Xuthus, who married the daughter of Erechtheus, is said to have reigned; the Marathonii claimed to be the first people in Greece who paid divine honours to Heracles, who possessed a sanctuary in the plain.
Marathon is celebrated in the legends of Theseus, who conquered the ferocious bull, which used to devastate the plain. Marathon is mentioned in Homer's Odyssey in a way that implies that it was a place of importance. In mythology, its name was derived from an eponymous hero Marathon, described by Pausanias as a son of Epopeus, king of Sicyon, who fled into Attica in consequence of the cruelty of his father Plutarch calls him an Arcadian, who accompanied the Dioscuri in their expedition into Attica, voluntarily devoted himself to death before the battle. After Theseus united the 12 independent districts of Attica into one state, the name of Tetrapolis fell into disuse. Hence Lucian speaks of "the parts of Marathon about Oenoë". Few places have obtained such celebrity in the history of the world as Marathon, on account of the victory which the Athenians here gained over the Persians in 490 BCE. After Miltiades defeated Darius' Persian forces, the Persians decided to sail from Marathon to Athens in order to sack the unprotected city.
Miltiades ordered all his hoplite forces to march "double time" back to Athens, so that by the time Darius' troops arrived they saw the same Greek force waiting for them. Although the name Marathon had a positive resonance in Europe in the nineteenth century, for some time, sullied by the Dilessi murders, which happened nearby in 1870. In the 19th century and beginning of twentieth century the village was inhabited by Albanian population; the sophist and magnate Herodes Atticus was born in Marathon. In 1926, the American company ULEN began construction on the Marathon Dam in a valley above Marathon, in order to ensure water supply for Athens, it was completed in 1929. About 10 km² of forested land were flooded to form Lake Marathon; the beach of Schinias is located southeast of the town and it is a popular windsurfing spot and the Olympic Rowing Center for the 2004 Summer Olympics is located there. At the 1896 and 2004 Summer Olympics, Marathon was the starting point of the marathon races; the area is susceptible to flash flooding, because of forest fires having denuded parts of the eastern slopes of Mount Penteli in 2006.
The municipality Marathon was formed at the 2011 local government reform by the merger of the following 4 former municipalities, that became municipal units: Grammatiko Marathon Nea Makri VarnavasThe municipality has an area of 222.747 km2, the municipal unit 97.062 km2. The other settlements in the municipal unit are Agios Panteleimonas, Kato Souli, Avra, Ano Souli, Schinias; the Soros, a tumulus, or burial mound, erected to the 192 Athenian fallen at the Battle of Marathon, is a feature of the coastal plain, now marked by a marble memorial stele and surrounded by a small park. Kato Souli Naval Transmission Facility with its 250-metre tall radio mast, the tallest structure in Greece. Hopkinton, United States Xiamen, China List of municipalities of Attica List of settlements in Attica Dimitrion Yordanidis, oldest man to have run the marathon, at age 98 Notes References This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Smith, William, ed.. "Marathon". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography.
London: John Murray. Official web site www.e-marathon.gr
Battle of Marathon
The Battle of Marathon took place in 490 BC, during the first Persian invasion of Greece. It was fought between the citizens of Athens, aided by Plataea, a Persian force commanded by Datis and Artaphernes; the battle was the culmination of the first attempt by Persia, under King Darius I, to subjugate Greece. The Greek army decisively defeated the more numerous Persians, marking a turning point in the Greco-Persian Wars; the first Persian invasion was a response to Athenian involvement in the Ionian Revolt, when Athens and Eretria had sent a force to support the cities of Ionia in their attempt to overthrow Persian rule. The Athenians and Eretrians had succeeded in capturing and burning Sardis, but they were forced to retreat with heavy losses. In response to this raid, Darius swore to burn down Eretria. According to Herodotus, Darius had his bow brought to him and shot an arrow "upwards towards heaven", saying as he did so: "Zeus, that it may be granted me to take vengeance upon the Athenians!".
Herodotus further writes that Darius charged one of his servants to say "Master, remember the Athenians" three times before dinner each day. At the time of the battle and Athens were the two largest city-states in Greece. Once the Ionian revolt was crushed by the Persian victory at the Battle of Lade in 494 BC, Darius began plans to subjugate Greece. In 490 BC, he sent a naval task force under Datis and Artaphernes across the Aegean, to subjugate the Cyclades, to make punitive attacks on Athens and Eretria. Reaching Euboea in mid-summer after a successful campaign in the Aegean, the Persians proceeded to besiege and capture Eretria; the Persian force sailed for Attica, landing in the bay near the town of Marathon. The Athenians, joined by a small force from Plataea, marched to Marathon, succeeded in blocking the two exits from the plain of Marathon; the Athenians sent a message asking for support to the Spartans. When the messenger arrived in Sparta, the Spartans were involved in a religious festival and gave this as a reason for not coming to aid of the Athenians.
The Athenians and their allies chose a location for the battle, with marshes and mountainous terrain, that prevented the Persian cavalry from joining the Persian infantry. Miltiades, the Athenian general, ordered a general attack against the Persian forces, composed of missile troops, he reinforced his flanks. The inward wheeling flanks enveloped the Persians; the Persian army broke in panic towards their ships, large numbers were slaughtered. The defeat at Marathon marked the end of the first Persian invasion of Greece, the Persian force retreated to Asia. Darius began raising a huge new army with which he meant to subjugate Greece. After Darius died, his son Xerxes I restarted the preparations for a second invasion of Greece, which began in 480 BC; the Battle of Marathon was a watershed in the Greco-Persian wars, showing the Greeks that the Persians could be beaten. The battle showed the Greeks that they were able to win battles without the Spartans, as they had relied on Sparta previously; this victory was due to the Athenians, Marathon raised Greek esteem of them.
Since the following two hundred years saw the rise of the Classical Greek civilization, enduringly influential in western society, the Battle of Marathon is seen as a pivotal moment in Mediterranean and European history. The main source for the Greco-Persian Wars is the Greek historian Herodotus. Herodotus, called the "Father of History", was born in 484 BC in Halicarnassus, Asia Minor, he wrote his Enquiries around 440–430 BC, trying to trace the origins of the Greco-Persian Wars, which would still have been recent history. Herodotus's approach was novel, at least in Western society, he does seem to have invented "history" as we know it; as Holland has it: "For the first time, a chronicler set himself to trace the origins of a conflict not to a past so remote so as to be utterly fabulous, nor to the whims and wishes of some god, nor to a people's claim to manifest destiny, but rather explanations he could verify personally." Some subsequent ancient historians, despite following in his footsteps, criticised Herodotus, starting with Thucydides.
Thucydides chose to begin his history where Herodotus left off, may therefore have felt that Herodotus's history was accurate enough not to need re-writing or correcting. Plutarch criticised Herodotus in his essay On the malice of Herodotus, describing Herodotus as "Philobarbaros", for not being pro-Greek enough, which suggests that Herodotus might have done a reasonable job of being even-handed. A negative view of Herodotus was passed on to Renaissance Europe. However, since the 19th century his reputation has been rehabilitated by archaeological finds which have confirmed his version of events; the prevailing modern view is that Herodotus did a remarkable job in his Historiai, but that some of his specific details should be viewed with skepticism. There are still some historians who believe Herodotus made up much of his story; the Sicilian historian Diodorus Siculus, writing in the 1st century BC in his Bibliotheca Historica provides an