12 Hours of Sebring
The 12 Hours of Sebring is an annual motorsport endurance race for sports cars held at Sebring International Raceway, on the site of the former Hendricks Army Airfield World War II air base in Sebring, Florida. The event is the second round of the WeatherTech SportsCar Championship and in the past has been a round of the now defunct World Sportscar Championship, IMSA GT Championship and American Le Mans Series. In 2012, the race was the opening event of the FIA World Endurance Championship; the track opened in 1950 on an airfield and is a road racing course styled after those used in European Grand Prix motor racing. The first race was a six-hour race on New Year's Eve 1950, with the next race held 14 months as the first 12 Hours of Sebring; the race is famous for its "once around the clock" action, starting during the day and finishing at night. From 1953 to 1972 the 12 Hour was a round of the FIA’s premier sports car series, contested under various names including the World Sportscar Championship and the International Championship for Makes.
In its early years, the Sebring circuit combined former airport runways with narrow two-lane service roads. The 1966 event was a turning point in Sebring history, as the facilities and the safety of the circuit were criticized. Five people were killed during the race, more people killed than in the race's prior 15-year history combined. Bob McLean crashed. In another incident Mario Andretti in his Ferrari 365 P2 tangled with Don Wester's Porsche 906 on the Warehouse Straight near the Webster Turns, killing four spectators and crashing into a warehouse next to the track. Subsequent to these events, the facilities were upgraded and the circuit layout was changed, including eliminating the Webster Turns and creating the Green Park Chicane further down the track to move the straight further away from the airport warehouses; the circuit was made safer and there were no fatalities until 1980. It is known as preparation for the 24 Hours of Le Mans, as the track's bumpy surface, combined with south-central Florida's perennial hot weather, is a test of a car's reliability.
In recent years, six overall victories have been achieved by the Audi R8, one fewer than the record seven wins of the Porsche 935. Tom Kristensen has won the race more times than anyone else, with six victories—in 1999–2000, 2005–2006, 2009 and in 2012; the 1966 race had Dan Gurney leading at the last lap, when his engine of his Shelby American Ford GT40 Mk II seized near the end. Gurney pushed his car over the finish line, beaten only by Lloyd Ruby. However, his actions were determined to be against the rules and he did not receive credit for his finish. In 2005, the Chevrolet Corvette C6. R and Aston Martin DBR9 made their race debut in the hotly contested GT1 class, with Aston Martin winning its class for the first time in 49 years at Sebring ahead of the two Corvettes. Corvette had dominated the class the past three years with its previous generation C5R; the all-new Audi R10 TDI won the 2006 edition of the race, the car's first run in competition. The much-hyped Porsche RS Spyder campaigned by Penske Racing dropped to take 2nd place in its LMP2 class, behind the Intersport Lola car.
The GT1 Corvette C6R team got their revenge against the Aston Martin, although the second Corvette came within 1/3 of a second of the podium in the closing laps of the race. 2007 saw Audi again winning in the R10 TDI despite requiring more frequent refueling due to changes in American Le Mans series rules intended to the field between gasoline and diesel-powered engines. ^A The car was in fact, a Porsche 935 K3, modified with a single plug cylinder head and a front nose to resemble a Porsche 934 to comply to IMSA GTO specification. ^B These races were stopped for a period of time due to heavy rain and/or accidents. The race clock was not counted towards the 12 Hours. ^C Race record for most distance covered. ^D Technically the race "winner" in 1950 was the Crosley Hot Shot of Fritz Koster / Ralph Deshon, entered by Victor Sharpe Jr. of Tampa. While the Wacker / Burrell Allard did cover more distance, the race was run under the "Index of Performance" handicapping rules and the Crosley, with a much smaller engine than the Cadillac-powered Allard, is listed in the Official Sebring Record Book as the winner.
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2010 24 Hours of Le Mans
The 2010 24 Hours of Le Mans was the 78th running of the 24 Hours of Le Mans known as the Grand Prix of Endurance. The race took place on 12–13 June 2010 at the Circuit de la Sarthe, Le Mans and was organised by the Automobile Club de l'Ouest. Fifty-six cars participated in the event, organized into four categories; this race was attended by an estimated 238,850 spectators. Audi avenged their loss to the Peugeots in the race by winning the 2010 race with the new R15 TDI plus, relying on reliability rather than overall speed, much so like they did in the 2005 and 2008 race; the Peugeots, with its four 908 HDi FAPs, were favoured to win the race but was plagued with a broken suspension on one of the 908s early in the race and engine-related failures on the other three after sunrise. Audi's victory marked a new overall distance record, as well as marking the 9th time Audi has won the race, tying Ferrari for 2nd all time in terms of number of overall victories by car manufacturer. Automatic entries to the 2010 24 Hours of Le Mans were granted to teams that performed well in the previous year's 24 Hours of Le Mans, as well as the 2009 seasons of the American Le Mans Series, Le Mans Series, Asian Le Mans Series, FIA GT Championship, the Petit Le Mans.
An automatic invitation was awarded to the team which accumulated the most points in the Michelin Green X Challenge as part of the Le Mans Series. The award was based on fuel economy of competitors during each event. On 19 November 2009 the ACO published their automatic invitations to 29 teams. Of the 29 automatic entries awarded, 21 were accepted by their respective teams in February. Teams which did not accept their automatic invitation are denoted in blue. On 4 February 2010, the ACO released their first official entry list of 55 cars plus ten reserves. A total of 85 entries had been submitted to the ACO. For the first time, all 65 entries were required to nominate one driver who would be required to participate in the race, although several teams took the opportunity to name their second and third drivers. Teams had until 12 May to complete their full lineup of drivers. A new element to the reserves list for 2010 was that the ten were divided evenly with five LMPs and five GTs. Rather than the first reserve replacing a car of any class, a withdrawing LMP could only be replaced by another LMP and the same applied to GTs.
The first entry to be withdrawn from the list was the Dome LMP1, allowing Pegasus Racing's Norma MP200P-Judd to be promoted. On 6 May, the Team Modena Ferrari entry was withdrawn allowing the No. 88 Felbermayr-Proton Porsche into the race. In a press announcement at the 1000 km of Spa the ACO confirmed the withdrawal of the PK Carsport entry after the car was damaged by a fire at the FIA GT1 RAC Tourist Trophy as well as the dropping of both Pescarolo Sport entries, one under the Sora Racing title; the KSM LMP2, the second Matech Competition Ford, the second AF Corse Ferrari were all allowed into the entry. On 28 May, the ACO confirmed the completion of an additional pit garage in time for the race. A reserve entry for Race Performance was granted before the team was promoted on 2 June to the full entry, increasing the starters to 56; the 56 field entry included many of the manufacturer teams, most notably in the LMP1 category. Both Peugeot and Audi entered three factory cars, while Peugeot included a 908 HDi FAP run by the Oreca squad.
Marc Gené and Alexander Wurz returned in the No. 1 Peugeot as the defending race winners, this time joined by Anthony Davidson. Audi, in an attempt to not repeat from their loss the previous year modified their Audi R15 TDIs to a plus specification to better combat Peugeot. Aston Martin's entry was downsized from the previous year with just two factory entries, while a third car was entered by the Signature-Plus squad. Other major entries in the LMP1 category included a duo of Kolles Audi R10s once again, while Rebellion Racing featured two of the latest Lola coupes. Team Oreca, despite running a Peugeot entered one of their 01 chassis with the AIM engine. Former Formula One World Champion Nigel Mansell brought his own team with a Ginetta-Zytek and partnered with his two sons and Greg; the LMP2 category featured the return of Honda to Le Mans for the first time since 1996, with Honda Performance Development's ARX-01 chassis being entered by Strakka Racing and Highcroft Racing. Highcroft made their debut at Le Mans, coming off winning the LMP1 championship in the American Le Mans Series and enlisting 2009 race winner David Brabham as part of their squad.
HPD supplied a RML with their engine, although this was used in the team's Lola chassis instead. OAK Racing provided the only two car team in the category, leading development of the Pescarolo 01 chassis and switching from Mazda to Judd engines. Defending Le Mans Series champions Quifel ASM Team were among two entries utilizing the Ginetta-Zytek chassis. A mixture of two types of car was entered in the GT1 category, coming either from the new sprint format of the FIA GT1 World Championship or from endurance racing in the Le Mans Series. Young Driver AMR represented the FIA GT1 Aston Martin, while two entries from Matech Competition and a single Marc VDS Racing Team entry brought the new Ford GT to Le Mans for the first time. One of Matech's entries featured a line-up of all Swiss women, the latest in a line of all-female crews at Le Mans. On the endurance side of the card, Larbre Compétition entered their Le Mans Series Saleen while Luc Alphand once again entered two Corvettes; the 2010 race was the final year for the GT1 class at L
Stéphane Ortelli is a Monegasque professional racing driver with three world championship titles. He has won the 24 Hours of Le Mans race in 1998 with Allan McNish and Laurent Aïello and the Spa 24 Hours in 2003 with Romain Dumas and Marc Lieb. He's won the GT1 Class at the 12 Hours of Sebring in 2005 with David Brabham and Darren Turner, he is an Emil Frey Racing driver competing and developing the Jaguar and Lexus GT racing cars in the Blancpain Endurance Series and the VLN series. 1995: Winner of Supertouring Criterium BMW/Oreca / 5 victories 1998: Winner of 24 Hours of Le Mans, Porsche 911 GT1-98 2002: Winner of Porsche Supercup 3 victories & 4 podiums 2002: Winner of FIA GT World Championship N-GT class Porsche 911 GT3-RS / 7 victories & 1 podium 2003: Winner of FIA GT World Championship N-GT class Porsche 911 GT3-RS / 3 victories & 3 podiums 2003: Winner of Spa 24 Hours Porsche 911 GT3-RS 2004: Winner of Porsche Cup / 5 victories & 7 podiums 2005: Winner of 12 Hours of Sebring in GT1 Class with Prodrive Aston Martin DBR9.
2005: World Touring Car Championship with Team Oreca 2005: Le Mans Series with Audi PlayStation Team Oreca / 1 Win 2005: 24 Hours of Le Mans with Audi PlayStation Team ORECA / 4th Overall 2006: Le Mans Series with Team Oreca / 2 Victories 2007: Winner of Le Mans Series with Team Oreca 2007: FIA GT Championship GT2 class with AF Corse 2012: Winner of Blancpain Endurance Series with Belgian Audi Club Team WRT 2013: Winner of Blancpain Sprint Series/2013 FIA GT Series season with Belgian Audi Club Team WRT 2014: 3rd overall of Blancpain Endurance Series with Saintéloc Racing 2015: 3rd overall of Blancpain Endurance Series with Belgian Audi Club Team WRT 2015: Winner of the Sepang 12 Hours with Belgian Audi Club Team WRT On 27 April 2008, during a Le Mans Series race at the Monza circuit, a mechanic issue caused his Courage car to slide and spin onto the grass. This in turn instigated a cartwheeling motion upon the vehicle, which resulted in most of the car's bodywork and all but one wheel being torn off before it came to rest on the opposite side of the track.
It narrowly missed the tail of Allan McNish's Audi R10, in front. Ortelli sustained a broken ankle as a result. † -- was classified as he completed over 90 % of the race distance. ‡ — Not eligible for points. Stéphane Ortelli on Facebook Stéphane Ortelli career summary at DriverDB.com
Motorsport or motor sport is a global term used to encompass the group of competitive sporting events which involve the use of motorised vehicles, whether for racing or non-racing competition. The terminology can be used to describe forms of competition of two-wheeled motorised vehicles under the banner of motorcycle racing, includes off-road racing such as motocross. Four- wheeled motorsport competition is globally governed by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile; the Union Internationale Motonautique governs powerboat racing while the Fédération Aéronautique Internationale governs air sports. In 1894, a French newspaper organised a race from Paris to Rouen and back, starting city to city racing. In 1900, the Gordon Bennett Cup was established. Closed circuit racing arose. Brooklands was the first dedicated motor racing track in the United Kingdom. Following World War I, European countries organised Grand Prix races over closed courses. In the United States, dirt track racing became popular.
After World War II, the Grand Prix circuit became more formally organised. In the United States, stock car racing and drag racing became established. Motorsports became divided by types of motor vehicles into racing events, their appropriate organisations. Motor racing is the subset of motorsport activities which involve competitors racing against each other; the Red Bull RB8, the 2012 Formula One World Championship winning car Formula racing is a set of classes of motor vehicles, with their wheels outside, not contained by, any bodywork of their vehicle. These have been globally classified as specific'Formula' series - the most common being Formula One, many others include the likes of Formula 3, Formula Ford, Formula Renault and Formula Palmer Audi. However, in North America, the IndyCar series is their pinnacle open-wheeled racing series. More new open-wheeled series have been created, originating in Europe, which omit the'Formula' moniker, such as GP2 and GP3. Former ` Formula' series include Formula Two.
Formula One is a class of single-seat and open-wheel grand prix closed course racing, governed by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile, organized by the owned company Formula One Group. The formula regulations contain a strict set of rules which govern vehicle power and size. Formula E is a class of open-wheel auto racing; the series was conceived in 2012, the inaugural championship started in Beijing on 13 September 2014. The series is sanctioned by the FIA and races a spec chassis/battery combination with manufacturers allowed to develop their own electric power-trains; the series has gained significant traction in recent years. A series originated on June 1909 in Portland, Oregon at its first race. Shortly after, Indianapolis Motor Speedway opened in 1909 and held races that ranged from 50-200 miles, its premier race is the Indianapolis 500 which began on May 11th, 1911 and a tradition was born. Today, Indycar operates a full schedule with over 40 different drivers; the current schedule includes 14 tracks over the course of 17 races per season.
Josef Newgarden was crowned current champion of the Indycar Series at Sonoma Raceway on September 17th, 2017 in Sonoma, California. Enclosed wheel racing is a set of classes of vehicles, where the wheels are enclosed inside the bodywork of the vehicle, similar to a North American'stock car'. Sports car racing is a set of classes of vehicles, over a closed course track, including sports cars, specialised racing types; the premiere race is the 24 Hours of Le Mans which takes place annually in France during the month of June. Sports car racing rules and specifications differentiate in North America from established international sanctioning bodies. Stock car racing is a set of vehicles that race over a speedway track, organized by NASCAR. While once stock cars, the vehicles are now purpose built, but resemble the body design and shape of production cars. Bootleggers throughout the Carolinas are credited for the origins of NASCAR due to the resistance during the prohibition. Many of the vehicles were modified to increase top speed and handling, to provide the bootleggers with an advantage toward the vehicles local law enforcement would use in the area.
An important part to the modifications of stock cars, was to increase the performance of the vehicle while maintaining the same exterior look giving it the name Stock car racing. Many legends in NASCAR originated as bootleggers in the Great Smoky Mountains of North Carolina like Junior Johnson. Organized oval racing began on Daytona Beach in Florida as a hobby but gained interest from all over the country; as oval racing became larger and larger, a group gathered in hopes to form a sanctioning body for the sport. NASCAR was organized in 1947. Daytona Beach and Road Course was founded where land speed records were set on the beach, including part of A1A; the highlight of the stock car calendar is the season-opening Daytona 500 nicknamed'The Great American Race', held at Daytona International Speedway in Daytona Beach, Florida. NASCAR has now held over 2,500 sanctioned events over the course of 70 seasons. Richard Petty is known as the king of NASCAR with over 200 recorded wins in the series and has competed in 1,184 races in his career.
Touring car racing is a set of vehicles, modified street cars, that race over closed purpose built race tracks and street courses. Off-Road Racing is a group
Dr.-Ing. H.c. F. Porsche AG shortened to Porsche AG, is a German automobile manufacturer specializing in high-performance sports cars, SUVs and sedans. Porsche AG is headquartered in Stuttgart, is owned by Volkswagen AG, itself majority-owned by Porsche Automobil Holding SE. Porsche's current lineup includes the 718 Boxster/Cayman, 911, Panamera and Cayenne. Ferdinand Porsche founded the company called "Dr. Ing. h. c. F. Porsche GmbH" in 1931, with main offices at Kronenstraße 24 in the centre of Stuttgart; the company offered motor vehicle development work and consulting, but did not build any cars under its own name. One of the first assignments the new company received was from the German government to design a car for the people, a "Volkswagen"; this resulted in one of the most successful car designs of all time. The Porsche 64 was developed in 1939 using many components from the Beetle. During World War II, Volkswagen production turned to the military version of the Volkswagen Beetle, the Kübelwagen, 52,000 produced, Schwimmwagen, 15,584 produced.
Porsche produced several designs for heavy tanks during the war, losing out to Henschel & Son in both contracts that led to the Tiger I and the Tiger II. However, not all this work was wasted, as the chassis Porsche designed for the Tiger I was used as the base for the Elefant tank destroyer. Porsche developed the Maus super-heavy tank in the closing stages of the war, producing two prototypes. At the end of World War II in 1945, the Volkswagen factory at KdF-Stadt fell to the British. Ferdinand lost his position as Chairman of the Board of Management of Volkswagen, Ivan Hirst, a British Army Major, was put in charge of the factory. On 15 December of that year, Ferdinand was arrested for war crimes, but not tried. During his 20-month imprisonment, Ferdinand Porsche's son, Ferry Porsche, decided to build his own car, because he could not find an existing one that he wanted to buy, he had to steer the company through some of its most difficult days until his father's release in August 1947. The first models of what was to become the 356 were built in a small sawmill in Austria.
The prototype car was shown to German auto dealers, when pre-orders reached a set threshold, production was begun by Porsche Konstruktionen GesmbH founded by Ferry and Louise. Many regard the 356 as the first Porsche because it was the first model sold by the fledgling company. After the production of 356 was taken over by the father's Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche GmbH in Stuttgart in 1950, Porsche commissioned a Zuffenhausen-based company, Reutter Karosserie, which had collaborated with the firm on Volkswagen Beetle prototypes, to produce the 356's steel body. In 1952, Porsche constructed an assembly plant across the street from Reutter Karosserie; the 356 was road certified in 1948. Porsche's company logo was based on the coat of arms of the Free People's State of Württemberg of former Weimar Germany, which had Stuttgart as its capital; the arms of Stuttgart was placed in the middle as an inescutcheon, since the cars were made in Stuttgart. The heraldic symbols were combined with the texts "Porsche" and "Stuttgart", which shows that it is not a coat of arms since heraldic achievements never spell out the name of the armiger nor the armigers home town in the shield.
Württemberg-Baden and Württemberg-Hohenzollern became part of the present land of Baden-Württemberg in 1952 after the political consolidation of West Germany in 1949, the old design of the arms of Württemberg now only lives on in the Porsche logo. On 30 January 1951, not long before the creation of Baden-Württemberg, Ferdinand Porsche died from complications following a stroke. In post-war Germany, parts were in short supply, so the 356 automobile used components from the Volkswagen Beetle, including the engine case from its internal combustion engine and several parts used in the suspension; the 356, had several evolutionary stages, A, B, C, while in production, most Volkswagen-sourced parts were replaced by Porsche-made parts. Beginning in 1954 the 356s engines started utilizing engine cases designed for the 356; the sleek bodywork was designed by Erwin Komenda, who had designed the body of the Beetle. Porsche's signature designs have, from the beginning, featured air-cooled rear-engine configurations, rare for other car manufacturers, but producing automobiles that are well balanced.
In 1964, after a fair amount of success in motor-racing with various models including the 550 Spyder, with the 356 needing a major re-design, the company launched the Porsche 911: another air-cooled, rear-engined sports car, this time with a six-cylinder "boxer" engine. The team to lay out the body shell design was led by Ferry Porsche's eldest son, Ferdinand Alexander Porsche; the design phase for the 911 caused internal problems with Erwin Komenda, who led the body design department until then. F. A. Porsche complained. Company leader Ferry Porsche took his son's drawings to neighbouring chassis manufacturer Reuter. Reuter's workshop was acquired by Porsche. Afterward Reuter became today known as Keiper-Recaro; the design office gave sequential numbers to every project (See Porsche
The Masaryk circuit or Masarykring, now referred to as the Brno Circuit, refers to two motorsport race tracks located close to the city of Brno, Czech Republic. The original street circuit was made up of public roads, at its longest measured 18 miles. In the 1930s, events such as the Masaryk Grand Prix attracted top drivers; the track is named after the first president of Tomáš Masaryk. Racing on the old roads ended after 1986, when the new circuit was opened; the annual Motorcycle Grand Prix of the Czech Republic is the circuit's most important event. It is the most famous motor race in the Czech Republic. Championship is part of the World Grand Prix since 1965; the FIA World Touring Car Championship, FIA GT1 World Championship, Formula Two and the Superbike World Championship raced at the circuit. The Czech Republic Motorcycle Grand Prix has always been more of a promoter event than a profit-raiser in itself; the original layout ran anti-clockwise on 29 km of public roads west of Brno, including the villages of Bosonohy and Žebětín.
From 1930 to 1937, the Masaryk Grand Prix attracted some of the top teams. The renamed Czechoslovakian Grand Prix in 1949 was run clockwise on a shorter 17.8 km layout around Kohoutovice. In spite of a crowd in excess of 400,000 people, this would be the last Grand Prix for cars on the old circuit. Beginning in 1950, the circuit played host to the Czechoslovakian motorcycle Grand Prix, which became a world championship event from 1965 to 1982; the circuit had been again reduced in length to 13.94 km in 1964. The European Touring Car series visited in the 1980s, by which time the circuit had been reduced to 10.92 km in 1975. The current permanent road racing circuit was opened in 1987, it lies north of Kyvalka, within the bounds of the circuit used in the 1930s, but not incorporating any of the public roads. The motorcycle race moved to the new circuit and regained its status as a round of the world championship. A World Sports Car Championship race was held in 1988, a round of the A1 Grand Prix series in 2006.
It is the location of the 24H Epilog of Brno. Official Webpage Map and circuit history at RacingCircuits.info Maps of the old track Trackpedia's guide to driving the Brno circuit The best place to stand at Automotodrom Brno Satellite picture from Google Maps Other track in the Czech republic