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Marcelo Damy

Marcelo Damy de Sousa Santos was a Brazilian physicist. Considered as one of the most important educators and researchers in physics in Brazil, along with Cesar Lattes, José Leite Lopes and Mario Schenberg, Damy was born in Campinas, São Paulo, in 1914, the son of Harald Egydio de Souza Santos a photographer, Maria Luiza Damy de Souza Santos, he did his secondary studies in the State Gymnasium and was a keen student of sciences physics and chemistry. In 1932, he was admitted to the Polytechnic School of the University of São Paulo to study electrical engineering, but switched to physics at the invitation of Prof. Gleb Wataghin, a Russian physicist, teaching at the time in the university, whose classes Damy enjoyed to listen, although they were given in a different course from his, he graduated in the first class of the course of physics at USP. During his undergraduate years, Damy became interested in radioactivity; this interest started his successful lifelong career in experimental nuclear physics.

After graduation, he went to Cambridge University, at 24, with a grant from the British Council, under the supervision of Prof. William L. Bragg. In England he became friends with Edmundo Barbosa da Silva, Oxford University student and future colleague in the Atomic Energy Commission of the Brazilian National Research Council. Back in Brazil, Damy worked as a research scientist for the Brazilian Navy in the development of a sonar, working in a laboratory on the premises of the department of physics at the USP Faculty of Philosophy and Letters until the end of World War II. For this important work he received the Brazilian Medal of Naval Merit. In 1945, at the invitation of the Rockefeller Foundation, Damy spent nine months at the University of Illinois. Where he worked with Prof. Donald William Kerst, inventor of the betatron. Returning once again to Brazil, Damy accepted an assistant professorship at the Department of Physics of USP, helped install there in 1950 a betatron, the first particle accelerator operating in Latin America.

He developed and installed the first nuclear reactor in Brazil, still in working order today. Another area of research of Damy was cosmic rays aimed at assessing the nature of the penetrating showers of cosmic rays, he demonstrated that these showers had atomic particles such as mesons, which had a great penetrating power without losing part of its energy. Along with Gleb Wataghin and Paulus Aulus Pompéia he found that these showers are more energetic than supposed; this work was published internationally. Damy was one of the greatest scientific leaders in Brazil, helping to found many important research and educational institutions in his area, he was a founder of the Institute of Atomic Energy and the Institute of Research on Nuclear Energy, its first superintendent, from 1956 to 1961. He was president of the National Commission of Nuclear Energy from 1961 to 1964. After retiring as professor emeritus from USP in 1968, Damy helped to consolidate the newly established State University of Campinas and took over as director of the Institute of Physics, which received the name of his former professor, Gleb Wataghin.

Furthermore, he worked as a professor of nuclear physics at the Pontifical Catholic University of São Paulo and, since 1988, collaborated again in research work done at IPEN. He authored over 80 papers and was a member of several scientific societies in Brazil and abroad, with emphasis on the Brazilian Academy of Sciences, he married Lucia Toledo de Souza Santos in 1947. Damy died on November 2009, from complications of a stroke. "A good teacher is a researcher who likes to tell the things he sees others doing. I do not know any good teacher, not, or isn't yet, a researcher". Marcelo Damy S. Santos. Biografia e Entrevista. Notáveis da Ciência Brasileira. Canal Ciência, IBICT Marcelo Damy de Souza Santos. Entrevista. Revista Cienc. Cult. vol.55 no.4 São Paulo Oct./Dec. 2003 History of the Department of Cosmic Rays and Chronology, Institute of Physics Gleb Wataghin, State University of Campinas Marcelo Damy de Souza Santos and the Nuclear Physics in Brazil. In Portuguese. Marcelo Damy and the Revolution in the Teaching of Physics.

Estud. Avançados USP. vol.8 no.22 São Paulo Sept./Dec. 1994. The best and most complete interview about his life story

Beacon Hill (Antarctica)

Beacon Hill is an ice-covered, dome-shaped hill of elevation 1,810 m which rises 120 m above the surrounding plateau ice surface. It is situated in the south part of Hemimont Plateau in Graham Land, Antarctica 2.5 mi northeast of McLeod Hill. The hill surmounts the divide between Bills Gulch, it was surveyed and named by the U. S. Antarctic Service, 1939-41; the U. S. Antarctic Service operated a plateau weather station close southwestward of the hill throughout November and December 1940; the hill was further surveyed by the Falkland Islands Dependencies Survey from Stonington Island between 1946-50. This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Geological Survey document "Beacon Hill"

Tbilissky District

Tbilissky District is an administrative district, one of the thirty-eight in Krasnodar Krai, Russia. As a municipal division, it is incorporated as Tbilissky Municipal District, it is located in the eastern central part of the krai. The area of the district is 992 square kilometers, its administrative center is the rural locality of Tbilisskaya. Population: 48,536 ; the population of Tbilisskaya accounts for 52.2% of the district's total population. Управление по взаимодействию с органами местного самоуправления Администрации Краснодарского края. Справочная информация №34.01-707/13-03 от 23 мая 2013 г. «Реестр административно-территориальных единиц Краснодарского края».. Законодательное Собрание Краснодарского края. Закон №728-КЗ от 7 июня 2004 г «Об установлении границ муниципального образования Тбилисский район, наделении его статусом муниципального района, образовании в его составе муниципальных образований — сельских поселений — и установлении их границ», в ред. Закона №1756-КЗ от 3 июня 2009 г.

«О внесении изменений в некоторые законодательные акты Краснодарского края об установлении границ муниципальных образований». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Информационный бюллетень ЗС Краснодарского края", №18, 24 июня 2004 г

Queen: The Story of an American Family

Queen: The Story of an American Family is a 1993 factual historical novel by Alex Haley and David Stevens. It brought back to the consciousness of many white Americans the plight of the children of the plantation: the offspring of black slave women and their white masters, who were the property of their fathers. A miniseries adaptation called Alex Haley's Queen and starring Halle Berry in the title role aired on CBS on February 14, 1993; the noted author Alex Haley was the grandson of Queen, the illegitimate and unacknowledged daughter of James "Jass" Jackson III and his slave, Easter. The novel recounts Queen's anguished early years as a slave girl, longing to know who her father was, how it dawned on her that he was her master. After the American Civil War of 1861 to 1865 and the subsequent abolition of slavery, Queen was cast out. Jass Jackson would not acknowledge her as his daughter, afraid of compromising the inheritance of his legitimate children and goaded by his wife, who despised Queen.

After many adventures unpleasant, she married a reasonably successful former slave by the name of Alec Haley, had one son by him. Alec and Queen each had a son from previous relationships. Simon Haley went to attend Lane College in Jackson and earned his master's degree at Cornell University, he went on become Dean of Agriculture of Alabama A&M University. He met his wife, Bertha Palmer, gave his mother, Queen Jackson Haley, three grand children: George, who became a lawyer, Julius, an architect, Alex who became a writer. Alex Haley, her grandson, was unable to finish writing Queen before he died, it was completed by David Stevens. While Stevens benefited from the many boxes of research notes and a 700-page outline of the story left behind by Haley, he would say that his writing was guided by their many long conversations. Subsequent DNA testing of Alex Haley's nephew Chris Haley revealed that Alec Haley, Alex's paternal grandfather was most descended from Scottish ancestors via William Harwell Baugh, an overseer of an Alabama slave plantation.

Treatment of slaves in the United States Slavery in the United States

City Park (New Orleans)

City Park, a 1,300-acre public park in New Orleans, Louisiana, is the 87th largest and 20th-most-visited urban public park in the United States. City Park is 50% larger than Central Park in New York City, the municipal park recognized by Americans nationwide as the archetypal urban greenspace. Although it is an urban park whose land is owned by the City of New Orleans, it is administered by the City Park Improvement Association, an arm of state government, not by the New Orleans Parks and Parkways Department. City Park is unusual in that it is a self-supporting public park, with most of its annual budget derived from self-generated revenue through user fees and donations. In the wake of the enormous damage inflicted upon the park due to Hurricane Katrina, the Louisiana Department of Culture and Tourism began to subsidize the park's operations. City Park holds the world's largest collection of mature live oak trees, some older than 600 years in age; the park was founded in 1854, making it the 48th oldest park in the country, established as the "City Park" in 1891.

The park was a location used for dueling. In the 1800s, men would defend their pride and honor by dueling each other under the oaks at what is now City Park but was a quiet spot secluded from the rest of the city. There were two "dueling oaks," but one was lost in a hurricane in 1949; some of the city's most notable figures who participated in duels in City Park include Bernard de Marigny, a nobleman and president of the Louisiana Senate in 1822-23. Many of the disputes between parties were either reconciled before the duel or after one party sustained a minor injury. Dueling deaths were reported, however. In 1805, Micajah Green Lewis, Gov. William C. C. Claiborne's private secretary and brother-in-law, was killed by a Claiborne opponent. By 1890, dueling was outlawed. New Orleans City Park lost 2,000 trees after Hurricane Katrina and the federal levee failures, but the Dueling Oak still stands where Dueling Oaks Drive meets Dreyfous Drive between the Sydney and Walda Besthoff Sculpture Garden and the New Orleans Museum of Art.

There’s a small sign in front of it. City Park was established in the mid-19th century on land fronting Metairie Road, along the remains of Bayou Metairie, a former distributary of the Mississippi River; the tract of land the Allard Plantation, became city property in 1850 through John McDonogh's will and was reserved for park purposes. In 1854, the 4th District Court pronounced the property a public park; the park extended 100 acres back from City Park Avenue, as swampland covered most of the landscape between Bayou Metairie and the south shore of Lake Pontchartrain. This area, to the north of the original park, was platted for streets by city planners, though none was realized. In 1891, the City Park Improvement Association is founded, the property was established as "City Park." The carousel mule-driven, opened in 1897, was updated to a mechanical carousel in 1906. The miniature train opened in 1898 and the original golf course was built in 1902. A racetrack opened February 11, 1905, but closed only 3 years in 1908.

In the first two decades of the 20th century, numerous improvements were undertaken by the City Park Improvement Association. The Peristyle was constructed in 1907 and the Isaac Delgado Museum of Art renamed the New Orleans Museum of Art, opened in 1911. Two years in 1913, the Casino building opened offering refreshments; the Casino building is occupied by Cafe Du Monde. The Popp Bandstand was constructed in 1917 and dedicated on July 4; the Irby swimming pool was built in 1924. City Park's governing board accomplished a number of large land acquisitions, such that the park assumed its current boundaries. In 1915, the Gen. Beauregard Equestrian Statue was erected at the entrance to City Park. On June 24, 2015, New Orleans Mayor Mitch Landrieu acknowledged the impact of the June 2015 Charleston church shooting, called for the removal of several city memorials to Confederate slaveholders. On December 17, 2015, the New Orleans City Council voted 6-1 to remove the Gen. Beauregard statue, along with three other historical monuments.

In 1919, William McFadden built a mansion. In 1949, this mansion began to be used as Christian Brothers School, an all-boys middle school for grades 5-7, still remains a boys' school today. In 1927, the city extended the park by 900 acres, the first tennis courts were built in the following year. In 1928, John Philip Sousa performed at the Popp bandstand; the park was expanded in the 1930s due to a $12 million grant from the Works Progress Administration. A master plan, by Bennett, Parsons & Frost of Chicago was commissioned to guide the development of the enlarged park. P. A; this included the installation of many sculptures by WPA artist Enrique Alférez, construction of buildings, bridges and much of the electrical and plumbing infrastructure that were still serving the park when Hurricane Katrina struck in 2005. A formal rose, the genesis of today's New Orleans Botanical Garden; the WPA planted Couterie Forest and constructed Popp Fountain, City Park Stadium, a second 18-hole golf course - home for many years to the New Orleans Open golf tournament - and a golf clubhouse, partially demolished to accommodate I-610.

Many events have taken place at Tad Gormley Stadium in City Park. Actress Dorothy Lamour from New Orleans traveled the country selling war bonds, in 1942, made a stop in her hometown to sell war bond

Sylvia Tiryaki

Sylvia Tiryaki is the Deputy Director of the Global Political Trends Center, a policy oriented research institution under the auspices of Istanbul Kültür University, which she co-founded with her colleague Mensur Akgün in 2008. Tiryaki is the former Vice-Chair of the International Relations Department at Istanbul Kültür University where she teaches courses on international law, introduction to law, human rights and history of political thought. Tiryaki completed her Master's and doctoral studies at the Faculty of Law of Comenius University in Bratislava, Slovakia. In addition, she holds a Ph. D degree in European Studies and Politics from the Faculty of Social and Economic Sciences of Comenius University. From 1996 to 2002, Tiryaki worked as a lawyer. Between 2003 and 2008, she was a senior research fellow and coordinated a series of Cyprus projects at the Turkish Economic and Social Studies Foundation, Foreign Policy Program. Tiryaki writes for various international academic journals and newspapers.

She is an expert in the fields of Turkish foreign policy, human security, the Middle East and North Africa and the European Union. She has been serving as an adviser to the World Handicapped Foundation since 2011 and was an honorary board member of the Human Security Collective from 2013 to 2017. Finding Common Grounds - Rediscovering the Common Narrative of Turkey and Europe. Bratislava: RC SFPA, 2009. A Promise to Keep: Time to end the international isolation of the Turkish Cypriots. Istanbul: TESEV Publications, June 2008. EU Accession Prospects for Turkey and Ukraine: Debates in New Member States. Warsaw: Institute of Public Affairs, 2006. Quo Vadis Cyprus?. Istanbul: TESEV Publications, April 2005. Freedom Flotila: Before and Aftermath in Middle East Observer. Anhens: Security and Defence Analysis Institute, Vol. 1, issue 3, August 2010. Ending the Isolation of Turkish Cypriots in Insight Turkey. Istanbul: SETA Foundation, Vol. 12, No. 1/2010, February 2010. European Identity 2006 in International Slovak Foreign Policy Affairs.

Bratislava: RC SFPA, Vol. 1, 2006. The Annan Plan: A Missed Opportunity. World Security Network, 14 May 2004. Sylvia Tiryaki - official website Global Political Trends Center Istanbul Kültür University