March 14 Alliance

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March 14 Alliance
تحالف ١٤ آذار
Leader Saad Hariri
General Secretary Fares Souhaid
Founded 2005; 13 years ago (2005)
Headquarters Beirut
Ideology Lebanese nationalism
Anti-Syrian government
Political position Big tent
Colors           Red, White
Seats in the Parliament of Lebanon:
58 / 128
Website
14march.org
Coat of arms of Lebanon.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Lebanon

The March 14 Alliance (Arabic: تحالف 14 آذار‎, translit. taḥāluf 14 adhār), named after the date of the Cedar Revolution, is a coalition of political parties and independents in Lebanon formed in 2005 that are united by their anti-Syrian regime stance and their opposition to the March 8 Alliance. It is led by Saad Hariri, second son of Rafic Hariri, as well as other prominent figures.

Parties that left the alliance[edit]

The Free Patriotic Movement of General Michel Aoun left the informal grouping before the 2005 general election, before March 14 was an established alliance, due to major disagreements. After the 2005 elections, The Free Patriotic Movement was the sole political opposition, but was joined one year later by the pro-Syrian government March 8 Alliance in November 2006.[citation needed]

The Progressive Socialist Party left the 14 March movement in August 2011.[citation needed]

The National Liberal Party left the 14 March movement the 22 December 2016.

2006 Lebanon War[edit]

On the 12th of July 2006, the 2006 Lebanon War between Israel and Hezbollah started. During the war, the 14 of March Coalition took a stance against Hezbollah accusing the armed party of causing the war on Lebanon. However, Hezbollah claimed that Israel preplanned such a war, supposed to be waged on September during the annual rally Hezbollah holds on the International Qods (Jerusalem) Day.

The 14th of March coalition, amidst the war, urged Hezbollah to hand over their weapons, accusing the party of causing the war on Lebanon.

During the first few days of the war, former US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice visited Beirut and held a meeting with the 14th of March coalition and declared afterwards that a new Middle East will be born after this war, saying: "It's time for a new Middle East". Rice and Fouad Siniora met during her visit to Lebanon.

Claims[edit]

The principal political claims of the March 14 Alliance are:

Member parties[edit]

Party Ideology Demographic base Party seats
Represented parties
Future Movement Conservative liberalism Sunni Muslims
19 / 128
Lebanese Forces Christian democracy Maronite Christians
13 / 128
Kataeb Party Phoenicianism Maronite Christians
3 / 128
Independence Movement Conservatism Nonsectarian (official)
Maronite Christians (majority)
1 / 128
Unrepresented parties
National Bloc Liberal conservatism Nonsectarian (official)
Maronite Christians (majority)
0 / 128
National Liberal Party National liberalism Nonsectarian (official)
Christians (majority)
0 / 128
Democratic Left Movement Social democracy Nonsectarian (official)
0 / 128
Democratic Renewal Social liberalism Nonsectarian (official)
0 / 128
Hunchakian Party Democratic socialism Armenians
0 / 128
Ramgavar Party Classical liberalism Armenians
0 / 128
Islamic Group Islamic democracy Sunni Muslism
0 / 128
Free Shia Movement Islamic democracy Shia Muslism
0 / 128
Syriac Union Party Assyrian self-determination Assyrians (Nonsectarian)
0 / 128
Shuraya Party Assyrian self-determination Assyrians (Christians)
0 / 128

See also[edit]

List of attacks in Lebanon

External links[edit]