Nixon Peabody LLP is a Global 100 law firm, with more than 700 attorneys collaborating across major practice areas in cities across the U. S. Europe and Asia; the firm's 16 office locations include: Boston, New York City, Washington, D. C. Chicago, San Francisco, Los Angeles, Palo Alto, Hong Kong, Albany, Long Island, Manchester and Providence; the firm ranks #67 on Vault's top 100 law firms and #75 on the American Lawyer 100. Clients include emerging and middle-market businesses and multinational corporations, financial institutions, public entities and not-for-profit institutions, individuals; the firm represents clients such as JetBlue, Constellation Brands, Corning Incorporated, Gannett Co. among others. Additionally, the firm has represented parties in the financing of new stadiums for the Mets and Yankees; the firm has nearly thirty teams that focus on specific areas of law. Nixon ranked 66th on Fortune Magazine's Best Companies to Work for in 2008, the third time the firm has appeared on the list.
Boston Business Journal has ranked its Boston office as one of the best places to work in Massachusetts. Wired has described the firm as having "a progressive mentality. Nixon Peabody was formed by the 1999 merger of two firms that began practicing more than a century ago: Nixon, Devans & Doyle LLP and Peabody & Brown. Nixon Hargrave was a Rochester, New York, firm that had grown to become one of the largest law firms in New York, it had a strong corporate/institutional practice and a nationally recognized public finance practice. Boston-based Peabody & Brown had a nationally recognized syndication practice and was active in middle and high-growth markets. In 2000, Nixon Peabody merged with Sixbey Friedman Leedom & Ferguson in Northern Virginia, doubling the size of its intellectual property practice; the firm expanded into California in 2001 through a merger with Lillick & Charles, founded in San Francisco in 1897. Throughout the 20th century, Lillick developed a strong base of international clients in Asia and Europe, played a prominent role as advisor to many California businesses.
Over the years, Lillick's practice grew to include some of the leading transportation, financial and industrial companies in the world. In December 2002, Nixon Peabody merged with the 150-year-old Boston firm of Hutchins, Wheeler & Dittmar, adding fifty attorneys in the areas of business and health services; as of 2008, the firm had 1,728 employees in the U. S. and two abroad. The average salary for an Associate Attorney was $178,016, for a secretary $67,733. Women make up 59% of employees, minorities 19%; the firm offers domestic partner benefits for same-sex couples. In late 2008, when many law firms were collapsing or announcing layoffs, Nixon Peabody declared an objective to double the size of the firm in the next three or four years, a move its global head of finance termed "a necessity for our firm." The firm said it would hire up to 100 attorneys from the dissolving firm Thelen LLP, in October took on 25 lawyers in Paris, a move that led to a legal dispute with UK firm Taylor Wessing. In April 2014, Nixon Peabody announced it cut 38 positions for "operational efficiency through a flatter administrative structure and a more centralized legal support model."In February 2015, Chicago-based mid-sized law firm Ungaretti & Harris LLP merged into Nixon Peabody, adding 100 attorneys and experience in corporate, health care, real estate, public finance, intellectual property and government relations.
In October 2015, Nixon Peabody consolidated operations with a firm based in Hong Kong. The two firms had been formally associated with each other since 2010; the combined firm is known as Nixon Peabody CWL in Hong Kong, but will remain as Nixon Peabody LLP in the U. S. Europe and in the firm's Shanghai, office; the combination adds 30 lawyers and staff, increases the firm's Asia presence. According to the National Law Journal's 2014 NLJ 350 ranking of firms based on size, Nixon Peabody, with 584 attorneys, was the 69th largest firm in the United States. With $411,500,000 in gross revenue in 2013, the firm was #70 on The American Lawyer's 2014 Am Law 200 ranking. On the 2013 Global 100 survey, Nixon Peabody ranked as the 88th highest grossing law firm in the world, it ranked 48 on 105 on the Diversity scorecard. Nationally, the firm is ranked by U. S. News & World Report in the first tier in such categories as Commercial Litigation, Corporate Law, Employment Law – Management, Franchise Law, Health Care Law, Labor Law – Management, Litigation - First Amendment, Litigation - Labor & Employment, Mass Tort Litigation / Class Actions – Defendants, Public Finance Law, Real Estate Law, Tax Law, Trusts & Estates Law.
In 2008, Fortune Magazine named Nixon Peabody one of the 100 best companies to work for. Best Lawyers and U. S. News & World Report named Nixon Peabody as the 2015-2016 "Law Firm of the Year" for Health Care Law, the 2011-2012 "Law Firm of the Year" for Franchise Law. Dow Jones Private Equity Analyst ranked the firm 3rd nationally for the number of private equity and venture capital funds that had a final close in 2011 and 17th for the number of private equity and venture capital deals negotiated and closed that year. In 2011, The Bond Buyer recognized the Commonwealth of Massachusetts billion-dollar accelerated bridge program as both Northeast Regional Deal of the Year and the 2011 Deal of the Year. In 2015 Nixon Peabody received its tenth consecutive 100% ranking by the Human Rights Campaign's Corporate Equality Index on lesbian, gay and transgender equality in corporate America. Nixon Peabody was named to the HRC's 2012 "Best Places to Work f
Denmark–Estonia relations are foreign relations between Denmark and Estonia. Denmark has an embassy in Tallinn, Estonia has an embassy in Hellerup. Both countries are the Council of the Baltic Sea States. Denmark has been the largest provider of bilateral assistance to Estonia. From 1992-2003, Denmark supported Estonia with a total of 147 million EUR. Danish Estonia refers to the territories of present-day Estonia that were ruled by Denmark firstly during the 13th–14th centuries and again in the 16th–17th centuries. Denmark rose as a great mercantile power in the 12th century, it had an interest to end the occasional Estonian and Couronian pirate attacks that threatened its Baltic trade. Danish fleets attacked Estonia in 1170, 1194, 1197. In 1206, King Valdemar II and archbishop Andreas Sunonis led a raid on Saaremaa; the Kings of Denmark laid a claim on Estonia as their possession, recognised by the pope. In 1219 the Danish fleet landed in the major harbor of Estonia and defeated the Estonians in the Battle of Lindanise that brought Northern Estonia under Danish reign until the Estonian uprising in 1343, when the territories were taken over by the Teutonic Order and sold by Denmark in 1346.
Denmark recognised Estonia's independence in 1921. On 18 December 1926, both counties established a conciliation commission. On 13 May 1930, an agreement on reciprocity was signed. After Estonia's independence in 1991, Denmark was the second country to reestablish diplomatic relations with Estonia on 24 August 1991. In 1994, a defence cooperation agreement was signed. In 1993, Denmark signed an agreement on abolition of visa requirements with Estonia. Denmark was the first country to ratify the Treaty of Accession 2003. 12,036 Danish tourists visited Estonia in 2009. From 2002 to 2009, Anders Fogh Rasmussen visited Estonia five times. Queen Margrethe II of Denmark visited Estonia in July 2001, Foreign Minister Per Stig Møller visited Estonia in August 2009. Danish Minister for Trade and Investment Pia Olsen Dyhr visited Estonia on 14-15, May 2013 to promote commercial cooperation between Denmark and the Baltic country, in May 2013, Denmark's Minister for European Affairs Nicolai Wammen visited Estonia on 30-31 May 2013 in the frames of a tour in the Baltic States.
Estonian president Toomas Hendrik Ilves visited Denmark in September 2007, president Arnold Rüütel visited Denmark in 2004. "Bilateral agreements between Estonia". Ministry of the Environment. Archived from the original on 15 June 2011. Retrieved 7 March 2011. United Nations. "Agreement on the development of economic and technical cooperation". United Nations Treaty Series. United Nations Treaty Series. Retrieved 7 March 2011
Two-level game theory is a political model of international conflict resolution between states derived from game theory and introduced in 1988 by Robert Putnam. Putnam had been involved in research around the G7 summits between 1976 and 1979; however at the fourth summit, held in Bonn in 1978, he observed a qualitative shift in how the negotiations worked. The model views international negotiations between states as consisting of simultaneous negotiations at both the intranational level and the international level. Over domestic negotiations, the chief negotiator absorbs the concern of societal actors and builds coalitions with them. Win-sets are the possible outcomes that are to be accepted by the domestic interest groups who either must ratify the agreement or provide some other form of government backing. International agreements occur when there is an overlap between the win-sets of the states involved in the international negotiations
Live From Toronto is an EP by the Portland, Oregon band Everclear. It was released only in Japan. Recorded January 14, 1998 in Toronto, the entire set list was 12 songs long. Tracks 2, 4, 5, 6, 8 were featured on a promo CD with certain editions of their 2000 release Songs from an American Movie Vol. One: Learning How to Smile. "Everything to Everyone" - 3:20 "Amphetamine" - 3:54 "I Will Buy You a New Life" - 4:43 "Loser Makes Good" - 3:02 "Heroin Girl" - 3:05 "Normal Like You" - 3:10 "Santa Monica" - 3:20 "Local God" - 4:05 Live from Toronto at AllMusic. Retrieved 16:06, 14 May 2016
The Book with Seven Seals is an oratorio in German by the Austrian composer Franz Schmidt, on themes from the biblical Book of Revelation of Saint John. It was first presented in 1938 in Vienna; the Book of Revelation, the final book of the Christian New Testament, contains a prophetic vision of the end of the present world, the Last Judgement, the coming of the New Jerusalem. The Book with Seven Seals is opened by the enthroned Lamb of God in the presence of the twenty-four elders; the number seven corresponds to the seven spirits of God, the sevenfold nature of the divine order in the world. As each of the seals is opened in turn, the events and catastrophes leading to the dissolution of the world are set in motion; the oratorio takes the entire sacred narrative of the Book of Revelation as its subject, using selected texts. Through the narrator, the celestial symbology is introduced as visionary material, while the solo voices and choruses enact scenes and responses to events as they unfold.
The score employs full orchestral resources including important passages for Grand Organ alone. The presentation of the ultimate catastrophe and consummation of the divine process in world history stretches the conventional boundaries of devotional or narrative subject-matter in oratorio, in a way that reflects the extreme preoccupations of its time and yet remains obedient to the formulations of the genre; the oratorio is arranged with a prologue in heaven. The principal soloist is Saint John who, as narrator, opens with words of devotion to God the eternal, to Christ the redeemer; the voice of God announces that He is the Alpha and Omega, will show what must come. John paints the vision of the throne in heaven, the rainbow, the 24 elders, the seven spirits, the sea of glass and the four living creatures. In turn the creatures and the elders sing. Angels ask, worthy to open the book with seven seals, in the hand of Him who sits on the Throne. John observes that no-one is found worthy, but sees the Lamb, slain, standing before the throne, that redeemed men with its blood, John leads and the Chorus repeats and develops the phrases as the Lamb takes the book.
John describes how everything falls down and worships, introduces the chorus of worship to the Lamb. So ends the prologue; the first part concerns the opening of the first six seals, tells the history of Mankind and The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse. After a great organ passage the first seal is broken, John describes the appearance of the white horse and its crowned rider; the rider, whom Schmidt interprets as Jesus Christ, announces the Antichrist. He rides with his heavenly hosts, to fight in the Name of God. John tells how the Lamb opens the second seal, the fire-red horse and rider emerges, followed by his hellish hosts, who shall drive all peace from the world, so that men shall all be driven into war against one another, he is given a great sword. Choruses of warriors extolling death and plunder demand that children be torn from their mothers' love and protection, as the women's choruses seek to protect them and cry out their sorrow and torment; the third and fourth riders signify. John tells of the third seal, of the black horse and its rider, with scales in his hand.
The rider announces a small portion of wheat and barley for all, the mother and daughter sing a piteous lament to the father in heaven as they starve from famine. John describes the pale horse and rider, the kingdom of death and pestilence which follows him. Tenor and bass soloist, survivors on the corpse-field sing of the death unleashed upon all mankind, but for a small remnant'He that shall endure to the end shall be saved.' The fifth seal is broken, John reveals the choir of souls of the Christian martyrs beneath the altar, which cry out for vengeance upon the earth. The voice of God bids them wait a little while until their brothers and fellow warriors shall join them. John tells of the sixth seal's opening, behold, a great earthquake and world-burning: the first part of the oratorio ends in a violently-agitated chorus, cut through by angular trumpet-figures, as the Moon goes red with blood, everything crashes in storms, the stars fall to earth, the sea overflows, the sun goes black, all mankind comes together before the face of the God of Gods in the Day of Anger.
The second part opens in a climactic organ passage introducing a long narrative for John with orchestra. At the opening of the seventh seal, he describes a great silence in heaven; the ensuing narrative is an allegory for the history of the true believers and their Church, from the birth of Jesus Christ, of their struggle against the followers of the Devil and his false teachers, of the ultimate victory of the righteous. John describes signs in the heavens, the appearance of a woman and moon at her feet and crowned with twelve stars around her head, of a great dragon with seven crowned heads; the dragon's tail strikes the stars down to earth. The woman bears a child, a son, drawn up to the throne of God; the woman flees to a wilderness. There is war in heaven, Michael and his angels fight with the dragon and his angels, the dragon is cast down onto the earth, has no more place in heaven, and the dragon, seeing this, pursued the woman, made war on those who kept God's word and bore the sign o