The Bulgarian Cup is a Bulgarian annual football competition. It is the country's main cup competition and all registered Bulgarian football teams take part in it; the tournament's format is single-elimination, with all matches being one-legged, except the semi-finals. The competition's winner gets the right to take part in the UEFA Europa League. If the winner has secured a place through the Bulgarian A Professional Football Group, the team that has come fourth in the championship substitutes it; the competition has been dominated by Sofia-based teams. The Sofia teams have won together a total number of 61 titles; the three most successful teams are CSKA Sofia and Slavia Sofia. The most recent winner of the Bulgarian Cup is Slavia Sofia, who beat Levski Sofia 4–2 on penalties in the 2018 Bulgarian Cup Final; the Bulgarian Cup as a domestic cup knock-out tournament, has its roots in several tournaments held in Bulgaria through the early 20th century or successively starting in the 1910s with regional Sofia competitions.
The first Bulgarian national tournament was the Tsar's Cup. The competition is recognized as the foundation of the modern domestic cup by the Bulgarian Football Union. From 1924 until 1937 the tournament was the de facto state championship to determine the Bulgarian national football champions and winners of the tournament for those years are recognized as such by the BFU); the trophy was decided over a series of direct knock-out matches in which the champions of the country's oblasts played in one-legged single-elimination rounds. In 1937 the first national league was created to determine the football champion of Bulgaria; the tournament for the Tsar's Cup, remained a prestigious competition in the country. The winners of the trophy between 1938 and 1942 are recognized as domestic cup holders by the BFU; the competition was not held between 1942 and 1945 due to World War II and only returned in 1946. Bulgaria was now under Communist rule, reformed their football league structure and competitions along the lines of other Soviet states.
The new Central Football Committee created the Soviet Army Cup in time for the 1945-46 season. For the remainder of the communist period in Bulgaria, an annual two-legged knock-out tournament was held; the tournament had a national scope but included only top tier clubs. It served as the primary means of qualification to the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup between 1960 and 1982. In 1981, in honour of the 1300th anniversary of the country, another national knock-out football tournament took place awarding the winner the Cup of Bulgaria; the tournament for the Cup of the Soviet Army lost its importance due to the success of the Bulgarian Cup and in 1983 it ceded primacy to the new competition. The Bulgarian Football Union recognises the historic winners of the Soviet Army Cup as official domestic cup holders for the seasons between 1945–46 and 1981–82, while holders of the Bulgarian Cup are the official domestic cup holders from 1982-83 onwards. Levski Sofia, as the club to have won the Soviet Army Cup most times, were awarded the original trophy to keep in their collection.
The Bulgarian Cup tournament is divided in two phases - the Final phase. In this phase are participating teams from the four groups of the amateur division V AFG and teams from Bulgarian A Regional Football Group. In this phase are participating the teams that have won their matches in the Qualification phase, with the 20 teams from the two groups of B PFG and 16 teams from A PFG; the team from a lower league division is the home team. In matches between teams from same division the home team is determined by lot. Round 1 - 32 teams participate (the teams that have won their matches in the Qualification phase, with the 20 teams from the two groups of B PFG. Round 2 - 32 teams participate. Round 3 - 16 teams participate. Quarter-finals - 8 teams participate. Semi-finals. Final. From 1997 to 2011 the Bulgarian Cup is sponsored by the American car manufacturer Ford and its official distributor in Bulgaria Moto-Pfohe. From season 2011–12 the Bulgarian Cup is sponsored by the Bulgarian Corporate Commercial Bank.
The performance of various clubs is shown in the following tables: Tsar's Cup is the first name of the present tournament Bulgarian Cup. Notes: In 1981–82 the Winner of Cup of the Soviet Army, Lokomotiv Sofia still qualified for the next edition of 1982–83 European Cup Winners' Cup. From 1982 -- 83 onward. Notes: From 1981 until 1990 there were two Cup tournaments. In 1981 the Cup of Bulgaria was not a serious tournament because only 4 teams took part: CSKA Sofia, Slavia Sofia, Levski Sofia and Botev Plovdiv, it was part of the commemorations for 1300 years of Bulgaria. UEFA doesn't recognize as official the 1981 and 1982 tournaments of the Bulgarian Cup and doesn't recognize as official the Cup of the Soviet Army; this fact has been acknowledged by the article of a football statistician. Its significant that the participants in the 1981–82 European Cup Winners' Cup and 1982–83 European Cup Winners' Cup are teams who won the last two Official Cups of the Soviet Army - Botev Plovdiv and Lokomotiv Sofia.
- Clubs representing Bulgarian B Professional F
The 2005-06 Ekstraklasa season started on 24 July 2005 and ended 13 May 2006. Legia Warsaw were crowned champions after ending Wisła Kraków's three season winning streak; this was Legia's first title since 2002. June 14, 2006 Jagiellonia Białystok – Arka Gdynia 0-2 June 18, 2006 Arka Gdynia – Jagiellonia Białystok 2-1 Jagiellonia Białystok relegated to Polish Second League and Arka Gdynia promoted to 2006–07 Ekstraklasa
First Professional Football League (Bulgaria)
The First Professional Football League is a Bulgarian professional league for men's association football clubs. Standing at the top of the Bulgarian football league system, it serves as the country's primary football competition; the league is contested by fourteen teams. It operates on a system of promotion and relegation with the second tier of the Bulgarian football league pyramid, the Second League. Known by its previous name A Group, the Bulgarian top-tier was restructured during the summer of 2016, when new licensing criteria were introduced; the Bulgarian football championship was inaugurated in 1924 as the Bulgarian State Football Championship and has been played in a league format since 1948, when the A Group was established. The champions of the First League have the right to participate in the qualifying rounds of the UEFA Champions League based on the league's European coefficient. Additionally, two UEFA Europa League spots are allocated to the second team in the final standings and the winner of the European playoffs.
A further fourth spot may be granted to the fourth placed team in the final league ranking, given that the Bulgarian Cup holder has finished among the top three teams at the end of the season. A total of 67 clubs have competed in the Bulgarian top-tier since its establishment. In the last decade, many teams such as the current champions Ludogorets were introduced for the first time in the league. In 2016–17, Vereya Stara Zagora became the 67th club to participate in the competition. Since 1948, eleven different teams have been crowned champions of Bulgaria; the three most successful clubs are CSKA Sofia with 31 titles, Levski Sofia with 26 titles and Slavia Sofia with 7 titles respectively. The current champions Ludogorets Razgrad won their seventh consecutive title in their seventh First League season in 2017–18; the first football championship of Bulgaria started in 1924 in a knockout format. An attempt to form a league as the top division of the Bulgarian football league system was made in 1937–1940, when the National Football Division was created.
There were 10 teams, once away. The team that finished first in the table became champions; the first season of the A Republican Football Group started in the autumn of 1948. In that season, ten teams participated in the league: Levski, Lokomotiv and Spartak from the capital city Sofia, Botev, Marek and Luybislav; the first football champion of the A Republican Football Group was Levski in 1948–49. The 1949/50 season in the A Group was not completed; the league was stopped after the first fixture. It was decided that the championship of Bulgaria would be played in a spring-autumn cycle as in the Soviet Union. In the autumn of 1949, qualification tournaments were played to determine the teams that would play in the next 1950 season. In the next two seasons the number of teams in the league was increased to 12, for the 1953 season there were 15 teams. In seasons 1954 and 1955 there were 14 teams in the league, in seasons 1956 and 1957 there were 10. In 1958, the championship was again stopped after the spring half-season, as had happened in 1948.
New re-organizations were accepted and the league was again going to be played in the autumn-spring format. Despite the fact that the teams had played just 1 match, CDNA was crowned as the champion of Bulgaria; the frequent changes in the number of teams in A Group continued in the 1960s. In the first two seasons after the reforms in 1958, the number of teams in the league was 12, in the period 1960–1962 – 14, until season 1967/68, when the teams were 16. There were new reforms at the end of the 1960s. There were many mergers between Bulgarian clubs; the most-famous are between CSKA Red Flag and Septemvri Sofia in CSKA September Flag, the capital teams Levski and Spartak in Levski-Spartak and Slavia in Slavia, the Plovdiv teams Botev and Academic in Trakiya. Mergers happened between other Bulgarian clubs too; these mergers between clubs and reforms in A Group where made at the winter break of the 1968/69 season. After the winter reforms in 1968 until 2000, A Group remained with 16 teams, except in seasons 1971/72 and 1972/73, when 18 teams competed in the league.
The Bulgarian Football Union decided to make reforms. The Premier Professional Football League, created in the autumn of 2000, had 14 teams participating in it. At the end of the 2000/01 season, the last two teams were directly relegated to the lower division and the team that finished 12th had the chance to compete in the promotion/relegation play-off for the remaining place in the league. Levski Sofia became champions in the first season of the Premier League. In the 2001/02 season there was experimentation with the regulations; the championship was divided into two phases. In the first phase the teams played a regular season, each team playing twice against all the others, once home and once away; the second phase was a play-off phase. In the following season, 2002/03, the championship returned to the regulations of 2000/01 – 14 teams playing in a home and away format. For the first time in 6 years, CSKA Sofia became champions; the Bulgarian A Professional Football Group was created in 2003. The group was formed by 16 teams, each playing twice against all the others, once home and once away.
In the first season of the newly created A Group, the 2003/04 season, for the first time in history, Lokomotiv Plovdiv became champions, finishing with 75 points. In 2004/05, CSKA Sofia won A Group for the 30th time. For the next two seasons, Levski Sofia were champions
Miedź Legnica is a Polish football club based in Legnica, Poland. Miedź was founded in 1971; as of the 2018/19 season, the club competes in the Ekstraklasa, the top tier of the Polish league system. Miedź secured promotion from I liga during the 2017/18 season; the club's manager is Dominik Nowak. The Sports Director is Marek Ubych; the Director of the Academy is Krzysztof Kądziołka. In 2018, Miedź Legnica achieved promotion to the top flight for the first time in club's history; as of 1 November 2018. Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Polish Cup: Winner: 1992 – Miedź Legnica 1–1 4–3 Górnik Zabrze Polish SuperCup: Finalist: 1992 – Lech Poznań 4–2 Miedź Legnica Miedź Legnica scores are given first in all scorelines. Had international caps for their respective countries. Players listed in bold represented their countries while playing for Miedź. Poland Grzegorz Bartczak Andrzej Bledzewski Marcin Burkhardt Łukasz Garguła Jarosław Gierejkiewicz Tomasz Jarzębowski Romuald Kujawa Wojciech Łobodziński Piotr Madejski Mariusz Mowlik Marcin Nowacki Marcin Robak Michał Stasiak Bartosz Ślusarski Albania Enkeleid Dobi Cape Verde Kadú Alves Croatia Mladen Bartulović Estonia Artjom Artjunin Henrik Ojamaa Artur Pikk Igor Subbotin Finland Petteri Forsell Haiti Kevin Lafrance Latvia Valērijs Šabala Lithuania Tadas Labukas Trinidad and Tobago Keon Daniel Official website Miedź Legnica
Legia Warszawa, known in English as Legia Warsaw, is a professional football club based in Warsaw, Poland. The current Polish champions, Legia is one of the most successful Polish football clubs in history winning 13* Ekstraklasa Champions titles, a record 19 Polish Cup trophies and four Polish SuperCup matches; the club's home venue is the Polish Army Stadium. Legia was formed between 5 and 15 March 1916 during military operations in World War I on the Eastern Front in the neighborhood of Maniewicze in Volhynia, as the main football club of the Polish Legions. After the war, the club was reactivated 14 March 1920 in an officer casino in Warsaw as Wojskowy Klub Sportowy Warszawa, renamed Legia in 1923 after merger with another local club, Korona, it became the main official football club of the Polish Army – Wojskowy Klub Sportowy Legia Warszawa. From 1949 to 1957, Legia was known as CWKS Warszawa. Before 8 April 2004 it was owned by Pol-Mot and from 8 April 2004 until 9 January 2014, it was owned by media conglomerate ITI Group Currently the club is owned by Dariusz Mioduski, Bogusław Leśnodorski and Maciej Wandzel – who serves as the club's chairman.
The first two acquired the club for an undisclosed sum, which included paying off debts made by previous ownership, Wandzel joined them in September 2014. Legia was formed between 5 and 15 March 1916 during military operations in World War I on the Eastern Front in the neighborhood of Maniewicze in Wołyń, as the main football club of the Polish Legions; the formation of the club in 1916 was influenced by the outbreak of the First World War, because many Polish soldiers were involved in the formation of the Polish Legions before the war. Soldiers young men from the south of Poland played football before the war, therefore, after the formation of the team, they soon became successful. Football was a good way of spending free time, in the calm moments at the front, football matches were organized, which required the ball, making provisional goals, finding a dozen or so players; the first team training began in the spring of 1915 in Piotrków, between 5 and 15 March 1916 – at the request of Master Sergeant Zygmunt Wasserab –, a part of the Polish Legion's Commanding Staff in Kostiukhnivka to create a football club.
The president of the organization was Władysław Groele, corporal Stanislaw Mielech proposed the name "Sporting Team Legia", adopted. Other names were: "Legion Command Squad" and "Styr". White-black colors and arms were shown, showing the white letter "L" on the black dial; the players were dressed in white clothes with sloping black belts, a reference to Czarni Lwów. In the spring of 1916, the team played a number of matches with other teams, most of which ended with Legia victorious; the oldest recorded matches are: 7–0 with the Divisional Sanitary Division, 3–3 with the 6th Infantry Regiment and two victories with the 4th Infantry Regiment. In July 1916 – because of the Brusilov Offensive – the Legions began to retreat west and the club moved to Warsaw; the first match in which Polonia Warsaw was the rival was held on 29 April 1917 at Agrykola Park and ended with a 1–1 draw. Of the nine games played in Warsaw, Legia drew three. At the first away game the team won a 2–1 victory over the Polish champion KS Cracovia in Kraków, so Legia became an unofficial champion of the country.
In 1918 the war ended. The club was reactivated on 14 March 1920. In the officers' casinos in the Royal Castle, a group of former officers formed the Military Sports Club -Wojskowy Klub Sportowy- Warsaw, establishing the white and red colors of the statute. Among them was Zygmunt Wasserab, one of the founders of the club. Due to the Polish-Bolshevik war and the participation of many Warsaw players, WKS was not nominated for the premiership of the Polish championship league in 1920. In the 1921–1926 seasons, the team was not promoted beyond the A-class of the Warsaw district, but it was a important period for the club. In 1922, a statute was passed allowing the team to play in civilian teams. Zygmunt Wassarab and Jerzy Misiński worked together and the clubs name was changed to the Military Sports Club "Legia" Warsaw, it was modeled on the document of LKS Pogoń Lwów. At that time, a merger with the oldest Warsaw sports club, was created, which resulted in the acquisition of new, white-green club colors.
In the first international match played on 18 May 1922, Legia lost 2–9 at their own stadium with Czechoslovakian club Viktor Zichkov Prague. A year in the championship of Warsaw, the Army took 3rd place. After the first-ever promotion beyond Class A in 1927, Legia qualified for the newly formed Polish Football League. Roman Górecki, the president of the Warsaw team, became the first president of the Polish League, their debut was on 8 May in Łódź – Klub Turystów Łódź was the opponent and the match ended in a 6–1 result. At the same time, Legia player Marian Łańko scored his first league goal free kick and recorded his first hat-trick in club history. In the same year, in a match against Pogonia Lwów, the club suffered the highest league loss, losing 2–11. At the end of the season, Legia finished fifth, despite five defeats at the start of the season. Legia striker Marian Łańko finished second scoring 31 goals; the Warsaw club made their debut in the Polish Cup, winning the match with Pogoń Warsaw 7–0
Poland the Republic of Poland, is a country located in Central Europe. It is divided into 16 administrative subdivisions, covering an area of 312,696 square kilometres, has a temperate seasonal climate. With a population of 38.5 million people, Poland is the sixth most populous member state of the European Union. Poland's capital and largest metropolis is Warsaw. Other major cities include Kraków, Łódź, Wrocław, Poznań, Gdańsk, Szczecin. Poland is bordered by the Baltic Sea, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast and Lithuania to the north and Ukraine to the east and Czech Republic, to the south, Germany to the west; the establishment of the Polish state can be traced back to AD 966, when Mieszko I, ruler of the realm coextensive with the territory of present-day Poland, converted to Christianity. The Kingdom of Poland was founded in 1025, in 1569 it cemented its longstanding political association with the Grand Duchy of Lithuania by signing the Union of Lublin; this union formed the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, one of the largest and most populous countries of 16th and 17th century Europe, with a uniquely liberal political system which adopted Europe's first written national constitution, the Constitution of 3 May 1791.
More than a century after the Partitions of Poland at the end of the 18th century, Poland regained its independence in 1918 with the Treaty of Versailles. In September 1939, World War II started with the invasion of Poland by Germany, followed by the Soviet Union invading Poland in accordance with the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact. More than six million Polish citizens, including 90% of the country's Jews, perished in the war. In 1947, the Polish People's Republic was established as a satellite state under Soviet influence. In the aftermath of the Revolutions of 1989, most notably through the emergence of the Solidarity movement, Poland reestablished itself as a presidential democratic republic. Poland is regional power, it has the fifth largest economy by GDP in the European Union and one of the most dynamic economies in the world achieving a high rank on the Human Development Index. Additionally, the Polish Stock Exchange in Warsaw is the largest and most important in Central Europe. Poland is a developed country, which maintains a high-income economy along with high standards of living, life quality, safety and economic freedom.
Having a developed school educational system, the country provides free university education, state-funded social security, a universal health care system for all citizens. Poland has 15 UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Poland is a member state of the European Union, the Schengen Area, the United Nations, NATO, the OECD, the Three Seas Initiative, the Visegrád Group; the origin of the name "Poland" derives from the West Slavic tribe of Polans that inhabited the Warta river basin of the historic Greater Poland region starting in the 6th century. The origin of the name "Polanie" itself derives from the early Slavic word "pole". In some languages, such as Hungarian, Lithuanian and Turkish, the exonym for Poland is Lechites, which derives from the name of a semi-legendary ruler of Polans, Lech I. Early Bronze Age in Poland begun around 2400 BC, while the Iron Age commenced in 750 BC. During this time, the Lusatian culture, spanning both the Bronze and Iron Ages, became prominent; the most famous archaeological find from the prehistory and protohistory of Poland is the Biskupin fortified settlement, dating from the Lusatian culture of the early Iron Age, around 700 BC.
Throughout the Antiquity period, many distinct ancient ethnic groups populated the regions of what is now Poland in an era that dates from about 400 BC to 500 AD. These groups are identified as Celtic, Slavic and Germanic tribes. Recent archeological findings in the Kujawy region, confirmed the presence of the Roman Legions on the territory of Poland; these were most expeditionary missions sent out to protect the amber trade. The exact time and routes of the original migration and settlement of Slavic peoples lacks written records and can only be defined as fragmented; the Slavic tribes who would form Poland migrated to these areas in the second half of the 5th century AD. Up until the creation of Mieszko's state and his subsequent conversion to Christianity in 966 AD, the main religion of Slavic tribes that inhabited the geographical area of present-day Poland was Slavic paganism. With the Baptism of Poland the Polish rulers accepted Christianity and the religious authority of the Roman Church.
However, the transition from paganism was not a smooth and instantaneous process for the rest of the population as evident from the pagan reaction of the 1030s. Poland began to form into a recognizable unitary and territorial entity around the middle of the 10th century under the Piast dynasty. Poland's first documented ruler, Mieszko I, accepted Christianity with the Baptism of Poland in 966, as the new official religion of his subjects; the bulk of the population converted in the course of the next few centuries. In 1000, Boleslaw the Brave, continuing the policy of his father Mieszko, held a Congress of Gniezno and created the metropolis of Gniezno and the dioceses of Kraków, Kołobrzeg, Wrocław. However, the pagan unrest led to the transfer of the capital to Kraków in 1038 by Casimir I the Restorer. In 1109, Prince Bolesław III Wrymouth defeated the King of Germany Henry V at the Battle of Hundsfeld, stopping the Ge
An exhibition game is a sporting event whose prize money and impact on the player's or the team's rankings is either zero or otherwise reduced. In team sports, matches of this type are used to help coaches and managers select and condition players for the competitive matches of a league season or tournament. If the players play in different teams in other leagues, exhibition games offer an opportunity for the players to learn to work with each other; the games can be held between parts of the same team. An exhibition game may be used to settle a challenge, to provide professional entertainment, to promote the sport, to commemorate an anniversary or a famous player, or to raise money for charities. Several sports leagues hold all-star games to showcase their best players against each other, while other exhibitions games may pit participants from two different leagues or countries to unofficially determine who would be the best in the world. International competitions like the Olympic Games may hold exhibition games as part of a demonstration sport.
In the early days of football, friendlies were the most common type of match. However, since the development of The Football League in England in 1888, league tournaments became established, in addition to lengthy derby and cup tournaments. By the year 2000, national leagues were established in every country throughout the world, as well as local or regional leagues for lower level teams. Since the introduction of league football, most club sides play a number of friendlies before the start of each season. Friendly football matches are considered to be non-competitive and are only used to "warm up" players for a new season/competitive match. There is nothing competitive at stake and some rules may be changed or experimented with; such games take place between a large club and small clubs that play nearby, such as those between Newcastle United and Gateshead. Although most friendlies are one-off matches arranged by the clubs themselves, in which a certain amount is paid by the challenger club to the incumbent club, some teams do compete in short tournaments, such as the Community Shield, Emirates Cup, Teresa Herrera Trophy, International Champions Cup and the Amsterdam Tournament.
Although these events may involve sponsorship deals and the awarding of a trophy and may be broadcast on television, there is little prestige attached to them. International teams play friendlies in preparation for the qualifying or final stages of major tournaments; this is essential, since national squads have much less time together in which to prepare. The biggest difference between friendlies at the club and international levels is that international friendlies take place during club league seasons, not between them; this has on occasion led to disagreement between national associations and clubs as to the availability of players, who could become injured or fatigued in a friendly. International friendlies give team managers the opportunity to experiment with team selection and tactics before the tournament proper, allow them to assess the abilities of players they may select for the tournament squad. Players can be booked in international friendlies, can be suspended from future international matches based on red cards or accumulated yellows in a specified period.
Caps and goals scored count towards a player's career records. In 2004, FIFA ruled that substitutions by a team be limited to six per match in international friendlies in response to criticism that such matches were becoming farcical with managers making as many as 11 substitutions per match. Matches in multinational football tournaments such as the King's Cup, the Kirin Cup, the China Cup are considered international friendlies by FIFA. In the UK and Ireland, "exhibition match" and "friendly match" refer to two different types of games; the types described above as friendlies are not termed exhibition matches, while annual all-star matches such as those held in the US Major League Soccer or Japan's Japanese League are called exhibition matches rather than friendly matches. A one-off match for charitable fundraising involving one or two all-star teams, or a match held in honor of a player for contribution to his/her club, may be described as exhibition matches but they are referred to as charity matches and testimonial matches respectively.
A bounce game is a non-competitive football match played between two sides as part of a training exercise or to give players match practice. Managers may use bounce games as an opportunity to observe a player in action before offering a contract; these games are played on a training ground rather than in a stadium with no spectators in attendance. Exhibition fights were once common in boxing. Jack Dempsey fought many exhibition bouts after retiring. Joe Louis fought a charity fight on his rematch with Buddy Baer, but this was not considered an exhibition as it was for Louis' world Heavyweight title. Muhammad Ali fought many exhibitions, including one with Lyle Alzado. In more modern times, Mike Tyson, Julio Cesar Chavez Sr. Jorge Castro, Óscar de la Hoya and Floyd Mayweather Jr. have been involved in exhibition fights. Although not fought for profit, amateur bouts and sparring sessions are not considered to be exhibition fights. Prior to the