MKS Pogoń Szczecin is a Polish professional football club, based in Szczecin, West Pomeranian Voivodeship. The club was founded by Poles from Lwów, transferred west after the Soviet annexation of Poland's eastern territories in 1945; the founders of Pogoń Szczecin had been supporters of Pogoń Lwów and the colors of their new club reflect their old club. Polonia Bytom and Odra Opole were founded or revived by the former inhabitants of Lwów; the most popular sports organization in Szczecin was founded on 21 April 1948 as Klub Sportowy Sztorm. Its first departments were football and boxing, the football team began playing in the local C-Class championship. In March 1949, several sports clubs in Szczecin were merged into a large organization called Klub Sportowy Zwiazkowiec; the team of Zwiazkowiec joined local A-Class league, replacing Pocztowy KS. In November 1950, Zwiazkowiec was dissolved, a new organization, Klub Sportowy Kolejarz Szczecin was formed, its football team, supported by the Port of Szczecin, in 1953 was promoted to the newly created Interregional League, which covered the provinces of Szczecin, Zielona Góra and Poznań.
In autumn 1955, Kolejarz was renamed into Pogon Szczecin. The name and the hues of the club are a continuation of Pogon Lwow. In 1957, Pogon was runner up of the Interregional League, qualifying to the second division playoffs. After beating Flota Gdynia, Kujawiak Włocławek and Warta Gorzow, Pogon for the first time won promotion to the second level of Polish football system. In 1958, Pogon was the winner of Group North of the Second Division, winning promotion to the Ekstraklasa. In its top level debut, Pogon lost at home to Gwardia Warszawa 0–1. In 1960, Pogon was relegated from the Ekstraklasa, to return there in 1962. For most of the 1960s and 1970s, Pogon remained in the top Polish league, but remained an average team, without any successes; this changed in the early 1980s: in 1981, Pogon advanced to the final of the Cup of Poland, to lose 0–1 to Legia Warszawa. In 1982, Pogon again made it to the Cup final, to lose 0–1 to Lech Poznań. In 1984 Pogon, managed by Eugeniusz Ksol, for the first time in history was among top three teams in the Ekstraklasa, which meant that the team qualified for the UEFA Cup.
In its European debut, Pogon faced 1. FC Köln, with such stars as Harald Schumacher, Pierre Littbarski and Klaus Allofs. In the first leg (September 19, 1984 in Cologne, Pogon lost 1–2. In the second leg, Polish team lost 0 -- 1. In 1987, Pogon was Polish runner-up. Managed by Leszek Jezierski, the team played scoring plenty of goals. With such players as Mariusz Kuras, Marek Ostrowski and Marek Lesniak, Pogon was only behind Górnik Zabrze. In the first round of UEFA Cup, Pogon faced Hellas Verona, with Thomas Berthold and Preben Elkjær Larsen. In the first leg, Pogon tied at home 1–1. Two weeks Polish team lost in Italy 1–3. Pogoń in 2002 was on the brink of bankruptcy; as a result, fans created a new team on the basis of the reserves in the fourth division. However owner of Piotrcovia Piotrków Trybunalski Antoni Ptak decided to move the team and renamed the club MKS Pogoń Szczecin; the initial distrust was lost when the team performed well and used local players, however halfway through the 2005–06 season the team started underperforming and Ptak decided to replace the entire squad with only Brazilian nationals, making it the "most Brazilian team outside Brazil".
Antoni Ptak built a small training facility in Gutów Mały, meaning the home games were played 500 km away from Szczecin. The experiment failed and in 2007 Antoni Ptak moved away from football, leaving the club to be rebuilt on the basis of the 4th division counterpart set up by the fans, which acted as the reserve team in the meantime; the club was promoted to the Zachodnia group of the new II Liga for the 2007–08 season. The club earned promotion to the Polish First League after finishing 2nd in Western Group of Polish Second League in 2008–09 season. Pogoń returned to top division after finishing First League as runner-up in 2011–12 season. Polish championship runner-up: 21987, 2001Polish Championship bronze medal: 11984Polish Cup finalist: 31981, 1982, 2010 First Round of the 1984–85 UEFA Cup and the 1987–88 UEFA Cup Qualifying Round of the 2001–02 UEFA Cup Second Round of the 2005 UEFA Intertoto Cup Polish U-19 Champion: 1986,Polish U-19 Runner Up: 1965, 2016Polish U-19 Bronze Medal: 1960, 2008, 2012, 2014Polish U-17 Bronze Medal: 2002 As of 28 October, 2018.
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality; the men's handball team competes in the Polish Ekstraklasa. Squad for the 2018–19 season Football in Poland Pogoń Szczecin official website Unofficial Pogoń Szczecin website Pogoń Szczecin at 90minut.pl
Lech Poznań is a Polish professional football club based in Poznań and competing in the Ekstraklasa, the nation's highest division. The club is named after the legendary founder of the Polish nation; the club was established in 1922 as Lutnia Dębiec changing its name several times. From 1930 until 1994, the club was linked to Polish State Railways; as a result, its popular nickname is Kolejorz. The club's debut in the Polish top division took place in the year 1948; the brightest era of Lech was in early 1990s. Lech has won the Polish league a total of seven times, most in 2015, is the most popular football club in the Greater Poland region. In 1920, a group of young activists from the Catholic Youth Association decided to split off and form their own football team; the origin of Lech can be traced back to March 19, 1922 when it was registered as a football club. The clubs first official name was Towarzystwo Sportowe Liga Dębiec. In September 1922 the club gained a football pitch on Grzybowa street.
The first match for the club was played on September 17, 1922 against Sparta Poznań, which ended in a 1–1 draw. The club started its foundation in a low tier league, which at the time was the Class C; the club achieved promotion in 1928 to the Class B after six years of being in Class C. In 1932 the club was promoted to Class A. From there they could get promoted to the First National Division, but the club would not achieve that goal before the outbreak of World War II. In autumn of 1933 the Sportowy Kolejowego Przysposobienia Wojskowego Poznań was founded or KPW. In 1945, shortly after the war ended, sporting officials made Lech the first club from the city. In 1947, the Polish Football Association decided to create the first national division. At first the club was not admitted to the top flight, but the Kolejorz filed an appeal and the PZPN decided, in a special meeting, to extend the First Division to 14 teams, including the KKS and Widzew Łódź; the first match was against Widzew Łódź which Widzew won 4–3.
The club changed its name again in January 1957, this time to Klub Sportowy Lech Poznań and in December to Kolejowy Klub Sportowy Lech Poznań, which lasted throughout the history of the team. That same year turned out to be one of the worst for the club, since it finished in last position and was relegated to second division. Lech only gained twelve points in 22 games, despite having striker Teodor Anioła, the club's top scorer, with 141 goals and top scorer of the Polish championship in three consecutive editions. Along with Edmund Białas and Henryk Czapczyk, Anioła formed the famous trio known as ABC. During that period, the club managed to finish third in the First Division twice, as the best result, before its relegation to second division. Lech managed to return to first division in 1961, but after two seasons with poor results, the blue team fell again in 1963; the club went down to the third division known as the Interprovincial Division, in one of the biggest sports crisis of the organization.
In 1972 the club returned to the first division, in which they had to fight again to avoid relegation every season. Coach Jerzy Kopa, who arrived from Szombierki Bytom, was responsible for reviving Lech spectacularly, he took over the team in 1976. Kopa gathered players at a training camp in Błażejewo, saved the team from relegation and twelve months qualified for the first time to play in the European competition after finishing third in the league, just two points behind the champion, Wisła Kraków. Therefore, this transformation in performance was known as The Miracle of Błażejewo, his first participation in the UEFA Cup in 1978-79 was brief, as he was eliminated in the first round by the MSV Duisburg. The arrival of coach Wojciech Łazarek in 1980 at the club was key to overcome third place and European participation; that year the team reached the final of the Polish Cup for the first time, losing 0–5 to Legia Warsaw in Częstochowa. Two years the club managed to win the first title in its history, the Polish Cup, by defeating Pogoń Szczecin 1–0 in Wroclaw.
The league championships of 1983 and 1984 went down in history as they were the first two league titles of the Kolejorz and for winning on such tight margins against Widzew Łódź. The first league championship for Lech was a point of advantage over Widzew; the 15 goals scored by the top scorer of the tournament, Mirosław Okoński and the participation of other players like Krzysztof Pawlak and Józef Adamiec were important to win their first league championship. Meanwhile, the championship of the following season both teams staged an exciting tournament and tied at 42 points. Lech defended championship by having a better difference of goals than Widzew to break the tie; that season was historic for the blue team, as they got their first double by becoming champions of the Polish Cup, after winning in the final at Wisła Kraków. As Polish champions, Lech participated for the first time in the European Cup, although they could not pass the first round in the two seasons. In its first season it was eliminated by Athletic Club.
In the first leg in Poland, Mariusz Niewiadomski and Mirosław Okoński scored the first two Lech goals in the tournament and the team won 2–0. However, the return match in San Mamés was a nightmare for the Poles and the Spanish team qualified by winning 4–0; the following season the team faced the current champ
Legnica is a city in southwestern Poland, in the central part of Lower Silesia, on the Kaczawa River and the Czarna Woda. Between 1 June 1975 and 31 December 1998 Legnica was the capital of the Legnica Voivodeship, it is the seat of the county and since 1992 the city has been the seat of a Diocese. As of 2012, Legnica had a population of 102,708 inhabitants; the city was first referenced in chronicles dating from the year 1004, although previous settlements could be traced back to the 7th century. The name "Legnica" was mentioned in 1149 under High Duke of Poland Bolesław IV the Curly. Legnica was most the seat of Bolesław and it became the residence of the High Dukes that ruled the Duchy of Legnica from 1248 until 1675, when it was inherited by the Habsburgs after the death of George William of Silesia. Legnica became renowned for the fierce battle that took place at Legnickie Pole near the city on 9 April 1241 during the Mongol invasion of Europe; the Christian coalition under the command of the Polish Duke Henry II the Pious, supported by nobles and mercenaries, was decisively defeated by the Mongols.
This, was a turning point in the war as the Mongols, having killed Henry II, halted their advance into Europe and retreated to Hungary through Moravia. During the High Middle Ages, Legnica was one of the most important cities of Central Europe, having a population of nearly 16,000 inhabitants; the city began to develop after the sudden discovery of gold in the Kaczawa River between Legnica and the town of Złotoryja. In 1742 the city was annexed by the Kingdom of Prussia after King Frederick the Great's victory over Austria in the War of the Austrian Succession, it remained, as a city with a German majority, a part of Germany until the end of World War II, when all Silesia east of the Neisse, was transferred to Poland following the Potsdam Conference in 1945 following demands by the Polish delegation that Poland be compensated for the loss of the Kresy. Legnica is an economic and academic centre in Lower Silesia, together with Wrocław; the city is renowned for its varied architecture, spanning from early medieval to modern period, its preserved Old Town with the Piast Castle, one of the largest in Poland.
According to the Foreign direct investment ranking from 2016, Legnica is one of the most progressive high-income cities in the Silesian region. As of 31 December 2012 Legnica has 102,708 inhabitants and is the third largest city in the voivodeship and 38th in Poland, it constitutes the southernmost and the largest urban center of a copper deposit with agglomeration of 448,617 inhabitants. Legnica is a member of the Association of Polish Cities. A settlement of the Lusatian culture people existed in the 8th century B. C. Around the 5th century B. C. After Celtic invasions beyond upper danube basin the area of Legnica was inhabited by their tribes. Tacitus and Ptolemy recorded the Germanic Lugii in the area, mentioned their town of Lugidunum, attributed to both Legnica and Głogów. Slavic Lechitic tribes moved into the area in the 8th century; the city was first mentioned in chronicles from 1004, although settlement dates to the 7th century. It is mentioned in 1149 when the High Duke of Poland Bolesław IV the Curly funded a chapel at the St. Benedict monastery.
Legnica was the most place of residence for Bolesław and it became the residence of the High Dukes of Poland in 1163 and was the seat of a principality ruled from 1248–1675. Legnica became famous for the battle that took place at Legnickie Pole near the city on 9 April 1241 during the Mongol invasion of Europe; the Christian army of the Polish duke Henry II the Pious of Silesia, supported by feudal nobility, which included in addition to Poles, Bavarian miners and military orders and Czech troops, was decisively defeated by the Mongols. The Mongols killed Henry and destroyed his forces turned south to rejoin the rest of the Mongol armies, which were massing at the Plain of Mohi in Hungary via Moravia against a coalition of King Bela IV and his armies, Bela's Kipchak allies; as the capital of the Duchy of Legnica at the beginning of the 14th century, Legnica was one of the most important cities of Central Europe, having a population of nearly 16,000 residents. The city began to expand after the discovery of gold in the Kaczawa River between Legnica and Złotoryja.
Such a growth rate can not be maintained long. Shortly after the city reached its maximum population increase, wooden buildings arising during this rapid growth has been devastated by, a huge fire which decreased number of inhabitants and halted any significant further development for many decades. Legnica, along with other Silesian duchies, became a vassal of the Kingdom of Bohemia during the 14th century and was included within the Holy Roman Empire; the Protestant Reformation was introduced in the duchy as early as 1522 and the population became Lutheran. After the death of King Louis II of Hungary and Bohemia at Mohács in 1526, Legnica was inherited by the Habsburg Monarchy of Austria; the first map of Silesia was made by native son Martin Helwig. In 1676, Legnica passed to direct Habsburg rule after the death of the last Silesian Piast duke, Georg Wilhelm, despite the earlier inheritance pact by Brandenburg and Silesia, by which it was to go to Brandenburg. Silesian aristocracy was trained at the Liegnitz Ritter-Akademie.
In 1742 most of Silesia, including Liegnitz, became part of the Kingdom of Prussia after King Frederick the Great's defeat of
Thailand national football team
The Thailand national football team represents Thailand in international men's association football. Nicknamed the War Elephants, the team is controlled by the governing body for football in Thailand, Football Association of Thailand, a member of the Asian Football Confederation and the regional ASEAN Football Federation. With five ASEAN Football Championship titles and nine senior-level Southeast Asian Games titles, the team has a history as the most successful team in Southeast Asia. Thailand won third place in the 1972 AFC Asian Cup, competed twice in the Summer Olympics, won fourth place in the 1990 and 1998 Asian Games; the team was founded in 1915 as the Siam national football team and played its first unofficial match at the Royal Bangkok Sports Club Stadium on 20 December of that year. On 25 April 1916, King Vajiravudh established the Football Association of Siam; the team played its first international match in 1930 against the Indochina national team, which included both South Vietnamese and French players.
Both the Siam team and its governing association were renamed in 1949. Thailand appeared in the 1956 Summer Olympics in Melbourne, where they lost to Great Britain by a score of 0–9 and failed to advance to the quarterfinals. In 1965, Thailand won the first place in the Southeast Asian Games for the first time; the team made another appearance at the Summer Olympics in 1968, losing to Bulgaria 0–7, Guatemala 1–4, Czechoslovakia 0–8 en route to a first-round exit. This was Thailand's latest appearance in the Olympics. 1992 featured one of Thailand's signature victories. Playing in Bangkok against South Korea, who had qualified for consecutive FIFA World Cups in 1986 and 1990, being the strongest team in Asia at the time, the Thais upset the Koreans, beating them 2 to 1. Thailand would defeat Bangladesh 1–0, winning the group and therefore qualifying for the 1992 AFC Asian Cup; the War Elephants would put on a strong performance at the tournament, drawing with eventual 3rd place China and Qatar before losing to eventual runners up Saudi Arabia 4 to nil.
In 1994, team manager Thawatchai Sartjakul assembled a team, renounced as the "Dream Team" with key players Kiatisuk Senamuang, Tawan Sripan and Dusit Chalermsan. In 1996, Thailand defeated Malaysia 1–0 to win the ASEAN Football Championship for the first time. Thailand were favourites to regain the crown in 2007, 2008 and 2012 only to lose tight finals to Singapore and Vietnam respectively. Thailand football team has competed three times in the Asian Games, making the semifinals in 1990, 1998 and 2002; the 2007 AFC Asian Cup finals were held from 7 to 29 July 2007. For the first time in its history, the competition was co-hosted by four nations: Indonesia, Malaysia and Vietnam; the regional 1998 ASEAN Football Championship tournament was most infamous in respect to Thailand football history. In what was a sporting event, the group stage match between Thailand and Indonesia was marred with an unsportsmanlike attempt. At the time both teams had qualified for semi-finals, but with knowledge that winners would have to face hosts Vietnam, while the losing team would play the weaker Singapore.
There was technical incentive that facing Vietnam would mean moving training bases from Ho Chi Minh City to Hanoi – which none of the teams wished to do. The first half saw little action as both teams making attempt to score. During the second half both teams managed to score thanks to half-hearted defending, resulting in a 2–2 tie after 90 minutes; however the real infamy didn't take place until extra time, in which an Indonesian defender deliberately kicked the ball into his own goal with a Thai attacker running towards the ball. FIFA fined both teams $40,000 for "violating the spirit of the game". In the semi-finals, Thailand lost to Vietnam, Indonesia lost to Singapore, pitting the teams together once again for the third-place playoff. Indonesia won by penalty shootout; as for the final, the unfancied Singapore team made one of the competition's biggest shocks by defeating Vietnam. Thailand qualified to the 2000 AFC Asian Cup held in Lebanon, which made Thailand sharing group with host Lebanon and Iraq.
Thailand, performed poor in the tournament. After being defeated by Iraq 0–2, Thailand drew giant Iran 1–1 but again Thailand only drew Lebanon with the same result putting them in third place, superior to Lebanon on goal differences, but since Thailand failed to gain any win, they were eliminated, by becoming the worst third-placed team as the tournament only featured three groups. The final between Thailand and Indonesia, at a sold out and energised Rajamangala, was a carbon copy of their encounter in the group stages; the War Elephants again triumphed 4-1 with Worrawoot setting up camp at the opponents’ goal. The 28-year-old scored twice in their first match and in the final struck a hat-trick in the first 32 minutes. In the final match between Thailand and Indonesia, Thailand took a 2–0 lead against hosts Indonesia by the end of the first half. However, the Indonesians battled back to level the score and force the game into a penalty shootout, won 4–2 by the Thais. Thailand qualified to the 2004 AFC Asian Cup in China, once again and Thailand was put into a tough group, which comprised Japan and debutant Oman.
Nonetheless, with vast experiences in the Asian Cup, Thailand was, expected to pass through if they didn't lose to Iran and defeated Oman. However, Thailan
Poland national football team
The Poland national football team represents Poland in association football and is controlled by the Polish Football Association, the governing body for football in Poland. At the FIFA World Cup, the current best result for Poland are two bronze medals won in 1974 and 1982, with this era being regarded as the golden era of Polish international association football. At the Euros, Poland's best result is reaching the quarter-finals in 2016, in Poland's third consecutive appearance at the competition. Poland's debut at the Euros was in 2008, they were co-hosts of the 2012 edition, along with Ukraine. Overall, Poland's best result in international football tournaments as a whole was the gold medal won at the 1972 Munich Olympics, along with winning the silver medal on two occasions; the first football federation was established on 25 June 1911 in Lwów as the Polish Football Union. After I World War members of PFU established on 20 December 1919 in Warsaw the Polish Football Federation. Poland would play its first official international match on 18 December 1921 in Budapest, where the side lost to Hungary 1–0.
Their first international win would come on 28 May 1922 where they took on Sweden in Stockholm and beat them 2–1. Poland qualified for their first World Cup in 1937 when they beat Yugoslavia 4–0 and lost 1–0 in the two qualifying matches and ensured their place in the 1938 World Cup in France. During their debut in the World Cup, Poland would play Brazil in a match which would become one of the most memorable matches in World Cup history. Despite Brazil not being regarded as the world's top team in the 1930s, it was still believed to be a hard-to-beat side, having participated in two first World Cups. Under these circumstances, the Polish team – which had never before participated on such a level – was expected to lose the game against the South Americans. Thus, the defeat was not a sensation. However, all fans were surprised at the style with which the Poles played their lone game of the tournament; the white and reds got to the extra time, only losing 5–6. Ernest Wilimowski, who played for Ruch Chorzów at the time, scored four of Poland's five goals, which to date is one of the most impressive individual performances in the history of the World Cup.
Poland played what would be their last international match before the outbreak of World War II against Hungary, the runners-up in the 1938 World Cup. The match stands out as an achievement as Poland defeated the favored Hungarian side 4–2. On 11 June 1946, following the aftermath of World War II, Poland played their first international friendly match, against Norway in Oslo, a 3–1 defeat; the biggest success in the early years after the war was the victory against one of Europe's best at the time, Czechoslovakia. Poland defeated their southern neighbors 3–1. Poland suffered the worst defeat in the team's history on 26 April 1948 with a 0–8 loss to the Danish side. Poland would erase that memory as they posted their second highest victory in Szczecin when they took down Norway 9–0 on 4 September 1963; the game marked the debut for Włodzimierz Lubański. He scored one of the goals in the game. Lubański became the all-time top scorer for Poland while playing from 1963 to 1980 scoring 48 goals in 75 appearances.
This victory was surpassed on 1 April 2009 in Kielce when Poland defeated San Marino 10–0. On 1 December 1970, Polish football history would change forever all due to one man. Kazimierz Górski was named head coach of the national team, his success with the team was evident from the start with a gold medal at the 1972 Summer Olympics. Górski would lead the team to another medal at the 1976 Olympics where they captured silver. However, nothing matched the two bronze medals at the 1982 World Cups. Poland being unknown on the international football scene before 1974 shook up the football world during the World Cup in Germany. However, this was no huge surprise as the core of the team achieved a gold medal place in the Munich Olympics in 1972; the Olympics were not considered a major tournament by most Western nations, but Eastern European countries bypassed the amateur rules by fielding their full national teams, as most players had employment with national industries or within the army. With their lightning speed and incredible team chemistry they were unstoppable.
In qualifying they surprised everyone by eliminating England, quarter-finalists in 1970 and Champions in 1966. In their opening match of Germany'74 Poland met Argentina, a team, appearing in their 6th World Cup. Within eight minutes Poland were up 2–0, Grzegorz Lato opened the scoring in the seventh minute and just a minute Andrzej Szarmach doubled the lead. In the 60th minute, Argentina cut the lead in half. Two minutes however, Lato scored his second, which turned out to be the winning goal as Carlos Babington gave Argentina their second in the 66th; the match finished 3–2 for Poland. Poland thrashed Haiti 7–0 in their second game; the goals included a hat-trick from two from Lato. In their final match of the first stage, Poland met Italy, who finished second at the previous World Cup in 1970. Poland were through to the Second Round but needed at least a draw to win the group. At half-time, Poland was leading 2 -- 0 on goals from Kazimierz Deyna, it was not until the 86th minute. This gave Poland their third consecutive win.
In the second round, Poland first won 1–0 against a Swedish side, which had not conceded any goals in their first three matches
Miedź Legnica is a Polish football club based in Legnica, Poland. Miedź was founded in 1971; as of the 2018/19 season, the club competes in the Ekstraklasa, the top tier of the Polish league system. Miedź secured promotion from I liga during the 2017/18 season; the club's manager is Dominik Nowak. The Sports Director is Marek Ubych; the Director of the Academy is Krzysztof Kądziołka. In 2018, Miedź Legnica achieved promotion to the top flight for the first time in club's history; as of 1 November 2018. Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Polish Cup: Winner: 1992 – Miedź Legnica 1–1 4–3 Górnik Zabrze Polish SuperCup: Finalist: 1992 – Lech Poznań 4–2 Miedź Legnica Miedź Legnica scores are given first in all scorelines. Had international caps for their respective countries. Players listed in bold represented their countries while playing for Miedź. Poland Grzegorz Bartczak Andrzej Bledzewski Marcin Burkhardt Łukasz Garguła Jarosław Gierejkiewicz Tomasz Jarzębowski Romuald Kujawa Wojciech Łobodziński Piotr Madejski Mariusz Mowlik Marcin Nowacki Marcin Robak Michał Stasiak Bartosz Ślusarski Albania Enkeleid Dobi Cape Verde Kadú Alves Croatia Mladen Bartulović Estonia Artjom Artjunin Henrik Ojamaa Artur Pikk Igor Subbotin Finland Petteri Forsell Haiti Kevin Lafrance Latvia Valērijs Šabala Lithuania Tadas Labukas Trinidad and Tobago Keon Daniel Official website Miedź Legnica
The Ekstraklasa, named Lotto Ekstraklasa since the 2016–17 season due to its sponsorship by Lotto, is the top Polish professional league for men's association football teams. The winner of the Ekstraklasa claims the Polish national championship. Contested by 16 clubs, operating a system of promotion and relegation with the I liga, seasons start in July, end in May or June the following year. Teams play. Games are played on Fridays, Saturdays and Mondays; the winner of the Ekstraklasa qualifies for the Polish SuperCup. The Ekstraklasa is now operated by the Ekstraklasa SA; the Ekstraklasa was formed as Liga Polska on 4–5 December 1926 in Warsaw, since 1 March 1927 as Liga Piłki Nożnej, but the Polish Football Association had been in existence since 20 December 1919, a year after the independence of Poland in 1918. The first games of the freshly created league took place on 3 April 1927, while first national non-league football championship took place in 1920. A total of 81 teams have played in the top division of Polish football since the founding of the league, of which 16 clubs have won the title.
The current champions are Legia Warsaw. On 4–5 December 1926 in Warsaw, representatives from several Polish clubs met for the purpose of discussing the creation of a league, it is unknown where the idea of a Polish league originated from, however a national league was thought to be a much more practical solution than hitherto practiced two-stage system of regional matches followed by a national match. To dismay of clubs' officials, the PZPN was not receptive to the idea of a national league and therefore sought to thwart it. However, it turned out that all but one of the Polish clubs supported the idea; the decision to create it was made regardless. In late February 1927, at the PZPN's meeting in Warsaw, its officials opposed the formation of a league, but the clubs egged on by some generals from the Polish Army, proceeded anyway; the creation of the League was announced on 1 March 1927. The only opponent of the league's formation was Cracovia – a influential and strong organization in Polish football of the 1920s.
Cracovia's boycott was because its chairman, Dr. Edward Cetnarowski, at the same time held the post of the director of the PZPN. Cetnarowski was a personality known not only in Poland, but in other countries, it was due to his efforts that in September 1923, Cracovia toured Spain, drawing 1–1 with Barcelona and losing 0–1 to Real Madrid. In October thanks to Cetnarowski, Sevilla travelled to Kraków, losing 2–3 to Cracovia. Games of the first championships started on 3 April 1927. All major teams took part in it; this is the list of the teams: In this first season of the league, fight for championship was decided between two powerful teams – Wisła Kraków and 1. FC Katowice; this rivalry was treated seriously, not only by the two sides involved, but by the whole nation. 1. FC was regarded as the team supported by German minority, while Wisła, at the end of this historic season, represented ambitions of all Poles; some time in the fall of 1927 in Katowice, an ill-fated game between 1. FC and Wisła took place.
Stakes were high – the winner would become the champion. Kraków's side became the champion. 1. FC finished second, third was Warta Poznań. In 1928 Cracovia decided to enter the league, gladly accepted by all fans of football. However, championships were once again won by Wisła, with such excellent players as Henryk Reyman, Mieczyslaw Balcer and Jan Kotlarczyk. Warta Poznań was second and Legia Warsaw third; this was the last year of 1. FC's glory; the team finished fifth. In 1929 yet another team was added to the list of champions of Poland; this time it was Warta Poznań. However, after the last game, on 1 December 1929, it was Garbarnia Kraków, celebrating the championship. Two weeks in mid-December, PZPN's officials changed the result of the Warta – Klub Turystow Łódź game. Warta lost 1–2, but due to walk-over, this was changed to 3–0 in favor of Poznań's side; as a result of the decision, Warta became the champion, Garbarnia finished second with 32 points and Klub Turystow was relegated. In 1930, Cracovia regained the championship, a year another Kraków's side, won the league.
It is clear. During this time, only once the championship was won by a side from a different city; the 1931 champion, was unique as this was the first time that the league had been won by a side whose all players had been bought from other teams. As has been said, the early 1930s marked a decline of the dominance of Kraków and Lwów as centers of Polish football; the point of gravity moved towards west – to Polish part of Upper Silesia, which had belonged to Poland since 1921. In 1932 the champion was Cracovia, but starting in 1933, Ruch Chorzów dominated the league, being