New Orleans Saints
The New Orleans Saints are a professional American football team based in New Orleans, Louisiana. The Saints currently compete in the National Football League as a member of the leagues National Football Conference South division, the team was founded by John W. Mecom Jr. David Dixon and the city of New Orleans. The Saints began play in Tulane Stadium in 1967, the franchise was founded on November 1,1966. The teams primary colors are old gold and black, their logo is a simplified fleur-de-lis and they played their home games in Tulane Stadium through the 1974 NFL season. The following year, they moved to the new Louisiana Superdome, for most of their first 20 years, the Saints were barely competitive, only getting to.500 twice. In 1987, they finished 12–3—their first-ever winning season—and qualified for the NFL playoffs for the first time in franchise history, the next season of 1988 ended with a 10–6 record. In the year 2000, the Saints defeated the St. Louis Rams 31–28 to notch their first-ever playoff win, in 2005, Hurricane Katrina devastated New Orleans and much of the Gulf Coast region. The Superdome was used as a temporary shelter for displaced residents. The stadium suffered damage from the hurricane, and from lack of available facilities, ultimately, however, the Superdome was repaired and renovated in time for the 2006 season at an estimated cost of US$185 million. The New Orleans Saints first post-Katrina home game was an emotionally charged Monday Night Football game versus their division rival, the Atlanta Falcons. The Saints, under head coach Sean Payton and new quarterback Drew Brees, defeated the Falcons 23–3. The 2009 season was a one for the Saints. Winning a franchise-record 13 games, they qualified for Super Bowl XLIV, over the course of 49 seasons, the Saints have compiled an overall record of 331–418–5, with a regular-season record of 324–409–5 and a playoff record of 7–9. First the brainchild of local sports entrepreneur Dave Dixon, who founded the Louisiana Superdome and the USFL. Senator Russell Long, and then–NFL Commissioner Pete Rozelle, the NFL needed congressional approval of the proposed AFL–NFL merger. Dixon and a civic group had been seeking an NFL franchise for over five years and had hosted record crowds for NFL exhibition games. To seal the merger, Rozelle arrived in New Orleans within a week, and announced on November 1,1966, when the deal was reached a week earlier, Dixon strongly suggested to Rozelle that the announcement be delayed until then. Dixon told an interviewer that he cleared the name with New Orleans Archbishop Philip M. Hannan
The offense must advance at least ten yards in four downs, or plays, or else they turn over the football to the opposing team, if they succeed, they are given a new set of four downs. Points are primarily scored by advancing the ball into the teams end zone for a touchdown or kicking the ball through the opponents goalposts for a field goal. The team with the most points at the end of a game wins, American football evolved in the United States, originating from the sports of association football and rugby football. The first game of American football was played on November 6,1869, during the latter half of the 1870s, colleges playing association football switched to the Rugby Union code, which allowed carrying the ball. American football as a whole is the most popular sport in the United States, Professional football and college football are the most popular forms of the game, with the other major levels being high school and youth football. As of 2012, nearly 1.1 million high school athletes and 70,000 college athletes play the sport in the United States annually, almost all of them men, in the United States, American football is referred to as football. The term football was established in the rulebook for the 1876 college football season. The terms gridiron or American football are favored in English-speaking countries where other codes of football are popular, such as the United Kingdom, Ireland, New Zealand, American football evolved from the sports of association football and rugby football. What is considered to be the first American football game was played on November 6,1869 between Rutgers and Princeton, two college teams, the game was played between two teams of 25 players each and used a round ball that could not be picked up or carried. It could, however, be kicked or batted with the feet, hands, head or sides, Rutgers won the game 6 goals to 4. Collegiate play continued for years in which matches were played using the rules of the host school. Representatives of Yale, Columbia, Princeton and Rutgers met on October 19,1873 to create a set of rules for all schools to adhere to. Teams were set at 20 players each, and fields of 400 by 250 feet were specified, Harvard abstained from the conference, as they favored a rugby-style game that allowed running with the ball. An 1875 Harvard-Yale game played under rugby-style rules was observed by two impressed Princeton athletes and these players introduced the sport to Princeton, a feat the Professional Football Researchers Association compared to selling refrigerators to Eskimos. Princeton, Harvard, Yale and Columbia then agreed to play using a form of rugby union rules with a modified scoring system. These schools formed the Intercollegiate Football Association, although Yale did not join until 1879, the introduction of the snap resulted in unexpected consequences. Prior to the snap, the strategy had been to punt if a scrum resulted in bad field position, however, a group of Princeton players realized that, as the snap was uncontested, they now could hold the ball indefinitely to prevent their opponent from scoring. In 1881, both teams in a game between Yale-Princeton used this strategy to maintain their undefeated records, each team held the ball, gaining no ground, for an entire half, resulting in a 0-0 tie
Standing long jump
The standing long jump, also known as the standing broad jump, is an athletics event. It was an Olympic event until 1912 and it is one of three standing variants of track and field jumping events, which also include the standing high jump and standing triple jump. In performing the standing jump, the jumper stands at a line marked on the ground with the feet slightly apart. The athlete takes off and lands using both feet, swinging the arms and bending the knees to provide forward drive, in Olympic rules, the measurement used was the longest of three tries. The jump must be repeated if the athlete falls back or takes a step at take-off, ray Ewry set the first world record for the standing long jump at 3.47 m on 3 September 1904. The current record is held by Byron Jones, who recorded a jump of 3.73 m at the NFL Combine on 23 February 2015, beating the competition world record of 3.71 m set by Norwegian shot putter Arne Tvervaag from Ringerike FIK Sportclub in 1968. When indoor arenas were built, the long jump began to disappear as an event. Today, Norway is the country where the standing long jump is a national championship event. The Norwegian Championships in Standing Jumps has been held in Stange every winter since 1995, in the Brazilian police forces, a minimum performance in a standing long jump test is required to join the Federal Police and the Federal Highway Police
Drew Christopher Brees is an American football quarterback for the New Orleans Saints of the National Football League. After a prolific college football career at Purdue University, he was chosen by the San Diego Chargers with the first pick in the round of the 2001 NFL Draft. He left college as one of the players in Purdue and Big Ten Conference history. As of 2016, he remains the Big Ten record-holder in virtually every passing category, including completions, yards, Brees started his professional career with the San Diego Chargers, earning the starting job in 2002 and making the Pro Bowl in 2004. Nine months after suffering a bad dislocation in his shoulder joint and he met immediate success in New Orleans, earning nine trips to the Pro Bowl and leading the Saints to their first Super Bowl in Super Bowl XLIV against the Indianapolis Colts. Since joining the Saints in 2006, he has led all NFL quarterbacks in touchdowns, passing yards, Brees has passed for over 5,000 yards in a season five times—no other NFL quarterback has done so more than once. He has led the NFL in passing touchdowns four times, and he was the NFLs Comeback Player of the Year in 2004, the Offensive Player of the Year in 2008 and 2011, and the MVP of Super Bowl XLIV. Sports Illustrated named Brees its 2010 Sportsman of the Year, Brees was born to Eugene Wilson Chip Brees II, a prominent trial lawyer, and Mina Ruth, an attorney. A Sports Illustrated article stated he was named for Dallas Cowboys wide receiver Drew Pearson and he has a younger brother, Reid. When Brees was seven, his parents divorced and shared custody of the boys, Today, Brees admits that it was a very tough and challenging life after the divorce, however, Brees and his younger brother, Reid, supported each other and became very close. They have a younger half-sister, Audrey, from their fathers remarriage to Amy Hightower, daughter of the late U. S, both of Breess parents had athletic backgrounds. His father played basketball for the Texas A&M Aggies mens basketball team and his younger brother, Reid, was an outfielder for the Baylor Bears baseball team, which made the 2005 College World Series and now resides in Colorado, where he works in sales. Brees did not play football until high school and was on the flag football team at St. Andrews Episcopal School, where his teammates included actor Benjamin McKenzie. In high school, he was a varsity letterman in baseball, basketball and football and was considering playing college baseball rather than football, College recruiters quickly ran after Brees blew out his knee in the 11th grade. As a high school player, Brees completed 314 of 490 passes for 5,461 yards with 50 touchdowns including. Westlake went 28–0–1 when Brees started for two seasons and beat a Dominic Rhodes-led Abilene Cooper 55–15 in the 1996 title game, Brees was given honorable mention in the state high school all-star football team and the USA Today All-USA high school football team. Brees only received offers from Purdue and Kentucky, ultimately choosing the former due to its highly rated academics and he graduated in 2001 with a degree in industrial management, and is a member of the Sigma Chi fraternity. He had the option to make available for the 2000 NFL Draft
Ted Ginn Jr.
Theodore Ted Ginn Jr. is an American football wide receiver and return specialist for the New Orleans Saints of the National Football League. He played college football at Ohio State, and was drafted by the Miami Dolphins ninth overall in the 2007 NFL Draft, Ginn has also played for the San Francisco 49ers, Arizona Cardinals and Carolina Panthers. Ginn played for his father, Ted Ginn Sr. in high school at Glenville High School in Cleveland, Ohio, where he played defensive back, quarterback and wide receiver. Ginn was selected as the 2004 USA Today Defensive Player of the Year, a 2004 Parade All-American, Ginn intercepted eight passes as a senior, returning five of them for touchdowns. One of his returns went for a state-record 102-yard touchdown. Ted has two siblings, Tiffany Ginn and Jason Lucas in Akron, Ohio, Ginn was also a standout track athlete for the Cleveland Glenville track team. As a junior, he became the champion in the 110 meter hurdles. He captured the title in the 200 meters in a time of 21.51 seconds. He also helped the Cleveland Glenville track team to take the 4 x 400 metres relay crown in a time of 3,15.04 minutes and he was timed at 10.5 in the 100 meters as a high school junior. However, his career was put on hold in order to focus on football. He was timed at 10.2 in the 100 meters in his freshman year, USA Today Defensive Player of the Year Parade All-American Pete Dawkins Trophy Ginn was recruited as a defensive back by Ohio State University. As a freshman, Ginn saw moderate playing time at receiver and he also rushed for 113 yards and 2 touchdowns on the ground, led the nation with a 25.6 yards per punt return average, and returned four punts for touchdowns. One of the most memorable moments in his season was in the 30-7 win over Indiana. A pass at the beginning of the first quarter was tipped by a diving Buster Larkins and he then broke four tackles on his way to a 59-yard touchdown. Ginn earned a spot as the Buckeyes Starting receiver his sophomore year in 2005 and he finished the season with 51 receptions for 803 yards and four touchdowns. He also returned 18 kickoffs for 532 yards, along with 25 punts for 250 yards, entering the 2006 season, Ginn was considered by many to be a preseason candidate for the Heisman Trophy and the Biletnikoff Award. He was a second team All-American selection and finished as the Buckeyes top receiver with 59 catches for 781 yards, while adding another 706 yards, Ginn returned the opening kickoff of the 2007 BCS National Championship Game for 92 yards and a touchdown. Ginn sprained his foot when fellow Buckeye Roy Hall slid into him during the celebration following the touchdown
San Antonio, officially the City of San Antonio, is the seventh-most populated city in the United States and the second-most populous city in the state of Texas, with a population of 1,409,019. It was the fastest growing of the top 10 largest cities in the United States from 2000 to 2010, the city straddles South Texas and Central Texas and is on the southwestern corner of an urban megaregion known as the Texas Triangle. San Antonio serves as the seat of Bexar County, recent annexations have extended the citys boundaries into Medina County and, though for only a very tiny area near the city of Garden Ridge, into Comal County. Due to its placement, the city has characteristics of other urban centers in which there are sparsely populated areas. San Antonio is the center of the San Antonio–New Braunfels Metropolitan Statistical Area, growth along the Interstate 35 and Interstate 10 corridors to the north, west and east make it likely that the metropolitan area will continue to expand. San Antonio was named for Saint Anthony of Padua, whose feast day is on June 13, the city contains five 18th-century Spanish frontier missions, including The Alamo and San Antonio Missions National Historical Park, which were designated UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 2015. Other notable attractions include the River Walk, the Tower of the Americas, the Alamo Bowl, the city is home to the five-time NBA champion San Antonio Spurs and hosts the annual San Antonio Stock Show & Rodeo, one of the largest such events in the country. The U. S. Kelly Air Force Base operated out of San Antonio until 2001, the remaining portions of the base were developed as Port San Antonio, an industrial/business park and aerospace complex. San Antonio is home to six Fortune 500 companies and the South Texas Medical Center, at the time of European encounter, Payaya Indians lived near the San Antonio River Valley in the San Pedro Springs area, calling the vicinity Yanaguana, meaning refreshing waters. In 1691, a group of Spanish Catholic explorers and missionaries came upon the river and Payaya settlement on June 13 and they named the place and river San Antonio in his honor. It was years before any Spanish settlement took place, father Antonio de Olivares visited the site in 1709, and he was determined to found a mission and civilian settlement there. He directed Martin de Alarcón, the governor of Coahuila and Texas, differences between Alarcón and Olivares resulted in delays, and construction did not start until 1718. The families who clustered around the presidio and mission formed the beginnings of Villa de Béjar, on May 1, the governor transferred ownership of the Mission San Antonio de Valero to Fray Antonio de Olivares. On May 5,1718 he commissioned the Presidio San Antonio de Béxar on the west side of the San Antonio River, one-fourth league from the mission. On February 14,1719, the Marquis of San Miguel de Aguayo proposed to the king of Spain that 400 families be transported from the Canary Islands, Galicia, or Havana to populate the province of Texas. By June 1730,25 families had reached Cuba, and 10 families had sent to Veracruz before orders from Spain came to stop the re-settlement. Under the leadership of Juan Leal Goraz, the group marched overland from Veracruz to the Presidio San Antonio de Béxar, due to marriages along the way, the party now included 15 families, a total of 56 persons. They joined the community established in 1718
National Football League
The National Football League is a professional American football league consisting of 32 teams, divided equally between the National Football Conference and the American Football Conference. The NFL is one of the four professional sports leagues in North America. The NFLs 17-week regular season runs from the week after Labor Day to the week after Christmas, with each team playing 16 games, the NFL was formed in 1920 as the American Professional Football Association before renaming itself the National Football League for the 1922 season. The NFL agreed to merge with the American Football League in 1966, and the first Super Bowl was held at the end of that season, the merger was completed in 1970. Today, the NFL has the highest average attendance of any sports league in the world and is the most popular sports league in the United States. S. The NFLs executive officer is the commissioner, who has authority in governing the league. The team with the most NFL championships is the Green Bay Packers with thirteen, the current NFL champions are the New England Patriots, who defeated the Atlanta Falcons 34–28 in Super Bowl LI. Another meeting held on September 17,1920 resulted in the renaming of the league to the American Professional Football Association, the league hired Jim Thorpe as its first president, and consisted of 14 teams. Only two of these teams, the Decatur Staleys and the Chicago Cardinals, remain, the first event occurred on September 26,1920 when the Rock Island Independents defeated the non-league St. Paul Ideals 48–0 at Douglas Park. On October 3,1920, the first full week of league play occurred, the following season resulted in the Chicago Staleys controversially winning the title over the Buffalo All-Americans. In 1922, the APFA changed its name to the National Football League, in 1932, the season ended with the Chicago Bears and the Portsmouth Spartans tied for first in the league standings. This method had used since the leagues creation in 1920. The league quickly determined that a game between Chicago and Portsmouth was needed to decide the leagues champion. Playing with altered rules to accommodate the playing field, the Bears won the game 9–0. Fan interest in the de facto championship game led the NFL, beginning in 1933, the 1934 season also marked the first of 12 seasons in which African Americans were absent from the league. The de facto ban was rescinded in 1946, following public pressure, the NFL was always the foremost professional football league in the United States, it nevertheless faced a large number of rival professional leagues through the 1930s and 1940s. Rival leagues included at least three separate American Football Leagues and the All-America Football Conference, on top of regional leagues of varying caliber. Three NFL teams trace their histories to these leagues, including the Los Angeles Rams
It was through college football play that American football rules first gained popularity in the United States. No minor league farm organizations exist in American football and it is in college football where a players performance directly impacts his chances of playing professional football. The best collegiate players will declare for the professional draft after 3 to 4 years of collegiate competition. Those not selected can still attempt to land an NFL roster spot as a free agent. Even after the emergence of the professional National Football League, college football remained extremely popular throughout the U. S, in many cases, college stadiums employ bench-style seating, as opposed to individual seats with backs and arm rests. This allows them to more fans in a given amount of space than the typical professional stadium. College athletes, unlike players in the NFL, are not permitted by the NCAA to be paid salaries, colleges are only allowed to provide non-monetary compensation such as athletic scholarships that provide for tuition, housing, and books. Modern North American football has its origins in various games, all known as football, by the 1840s, students at Rugby School were playing a game in which players were able to pick up the ball and run with it, a sport later known as Rugby football. The game was taken to Canada by British soldiers stationed there and was soon being played at Canadian colleges, the first documented gridiron football match was a game played at University College, a college of the University of Toronto, November 9,1861. One of the participants in the game involving University of Toronto students was William Mulock, a football club was formed at the university soon afterward, although its rules of play at this stage are unclear. In 1864, at Trinity College, also a college of the University of Toronto, F. Barlow Cumberland, modern Canadian football is widely regarded as having originated with a game played in Montreal, in 1865, when British Army officers played local civilians. The game gradually gained a following, and the Montreal Football Club was formed in 1868, early games appear to have had much in common with the traditional mob football played in England. The games remained largely unorganized until the 19th century, when games of football began to be played on college campuses. Each school played its own variety of football, Princeton University students played a game called ballown as early as 1820. A Harvard tradition known as Bloody Monday began in 1827, which consisted of a mass ballgame between the freshman and sophomore classes, in 1860, both the town police and the college authorities agreed the Bloody Monday had to go. The Harvard students responded by going into mourning for a figure called Football Fightum. The authorities held firm and it was a dozen years before football was again played at Harvard. Dartmouth played its own version called Old division football, the rules of which were first published in 1871, all of these games, and others, shared certain commonalities
Mark Ingram Jr.
Mark Ingram Jr. is an American football running back for the New Orleans Saints of the National Football League. He played college football for the University of Alabama, won the Heisman Trophy, the New Orleans Saints chose him in the first round of the 2011 NFL Draft. Ingram was born in Hackensack, New Jersey, the son of former NFL great for the New York Giants, wide receiver Mark Ingram Sr. He attended Grand Blanc Community High School in Grand Blanc, Michigan during his freshman, sophomore and junior years and he was a four-year starter on his high schools football teams, running for 2,546 yards and 38 touchdowns in his final two seasons. He was Saginaw Valley MVP, Area Player of the Year, Ingram also played defensively as a cornerback, totaling 84 tackles and eight interceptions his senior year. In addition to football, Ingram also ran track & field while at Flint and he competed as a sprinter and long jumper. Considered a four-star recruit by Rivals. com, Ingram was listed as the No.17 athlete in the nation in 2008. Ingram received a scholarship to attend the University of Alabama. Ingram played behind Glen Coffee his freshman year, and he was selected to the 2008 SEC All-Freshman Team. He was put on the cover of NCAA Football 12 and his team-high 12 touchdowns also set the Alabama freshman school record. In the season opener of the 2009–10 season, Ingram was the player of the game with 150 rushing yards, a touchdown. On October 17,2009, in a game against South Carolina and he was named SEC Offensive Player of the Week. In the game, Ingram also surpassed Bobby Humphreys single-season rushing record for the Crimson Tide, on December 12, Ingram won the Heisman Trophy in the closest vote in the awards 75-year history. Ingram was Alabamas first Heisman winner, the third consecutive sophomore to win the award, at the time, Ingram was nine days shy of his twentieth birthday, making him the youngest player to win the Heisman. On January 7,2010, Alabama defeated Texas 37–21 to win the BCS National Championship, Ingram received honors as Offensive MVP after rushing for 116 yards and 2 touchdowns on 22 carries. For the 2009 season, Ingram rushed for 1,658 yards and 17 touchdowns, Ingram was ruled out for the season opener after undergoing minor knee surgery the week prior to the opening game against San Jose State. Sophomore running back Trent Richardson filled in for Ingram for the first two games, after it was announced that the junior was not likely to play against Penn State on September 11. He eventually made his debut in a road game against Duke, rushing for 151 yards on nine carries. After a 3–0 start, Alabama traveled to Fayetteville to face the Arkansas Razorbacks in the opener for the Crimson Tide
Shane Patrick-Henry Vereen is an American football running back for the New York Giants of the National Football League. He was drafted by the New England Patriots in the round of the 2011 NFL Draft. He played college football for the California Golden Bears, Vereen was born in Valencia, California, where he attended Valencia High School. His best 100-meter dash time was 10.6 seconds and his best 200-meter dash time was 21.5 and he graduated with a 4.0 grade point average. After being recruited to play for California, Vereen redshirted for the 2007 season, in 2008, he served as the primary backup to Jahvid Best as part of Cals two running back system, playing in all of the teams 13 games. In the season opener against Michigan State, he rushed for 101 yards, the game marked the first time that two Cal running backs had completed over 100 yards rushing since the 2006 Holiday Bowl, with Best tallying 111 yards in the victory. For the season, he rushed for 715 yards and 4 touchdowns, along with 27 catches for 221 yards, after Best suffered a severe concussion versus Oregon State, Vereen took over the job of primary running back for the final four games of the 2009 season. In the 2009 Big Game, Vereen rushed a career-high 42 times for 193 yards, for the season, Vereen rushed for 952 yards and 12 touchdowns, along with 25 receptions for 244 yards and two touchdowns. He also competed on the team during the 2009 season in the 100 metres. In the 2010 season opener against UC Davis on September 4 and he followed this up with 60 rushing yards and one score as well as a receiving touchdown the following week against Colorado. On October 9, Vereen had a 151-yard rushing performance with two touchdowns against UCLA and he finished the season with 1,167 rushing yards and 13 touchdowns to go with 22 catches for 209 yards and three touchdowns. After graduating in December 2010 in three and a half years with a degree in Media Studies, Vereen decided to forgo his senior season, Vereen was selected by the New England Patriots in the 2nd round of the 2011 NFL Draft with the 56th overall pick. He was signed to a contract by the Patriots on August 1,2011. On November 21, Vereen scored his first career NFL touchdown on a run in a 34-3 win over the Kansas City Chiefs. On November 22,2012, Thanksgiving night, Vereen caught an 83-yard touchdown reception in a 49-19 rout of the New York Jets, the catch is currently the longest of his career. In the Patriots first game of the 2012 NFL Playoffs, against the Houston Texans, Vereen had a day, he had five receptions for 83 yards. He also added a touchdown on one of his 7 rushes for 41 yards. Vereen became only the player in Patriots postseason history to score both a rushing touchdown and a receiving touchdown in the same postseason game