Jane Scott (rock critic)
Jane Scott was an influential rock critic for The Plain Dealer in Cleveland, Ohio. During her career she covered every major rock concert in Cleveland and was on a first name basis with many stars. Scott was the first major female rock critic, the oldest in a field, dominated by men; until her retirement from the newspaper in April 2002 she was known as "The World’s Oldest Rock Critic." She was influential in bringing the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame to Cleveland. Scott was born at Mt. Sinai Hospital in Cleveland, Ohio in 1919, she is a 1937 graduate of Lakewood High School in Lakewood, a 1941 graduate of the University of Michigan, where she earned a Bachelor of Arts degree, majoring in English and Drama and she earned a teachers certificate. Scott had Will. Scott’s first experience with journalism was as a staff member of the school newspaper, the Michigan Daily, while she attended the University of Michigan. In 1942, the Cleveland Press newspaper hired Scott as a secretary in their advertising department.
That year, she enlisted in women's branch of the Navy, the WAVES, rising to the rank of Lieutenant. After leaving the Navy, she took some additional classes at the Wilcox College of Communication in Cleveland to learn typing and shorthand. Around this time, she began working for a suburban newspaper, the Chagrin Valley Herald, as the Women's Editor; this opened doors for her as a stringer reporter for The Plain Dealer. As such, she was not a member of The Plain Dealer staff, but she reported on events in the Cleveland suburbs of Chagrin Falls, Russell and Pepper Pike. On March 21, 1952, Cleveland disc jockey Alan Freed promoted The Moondog Coronation Ball at the Cleveland Arena, recognized as the first rock and roll concert, but Scott was not in attendance at this historic show. Three days on March 24, 1952, at age 33, Scott was hired as an assistant society reporter at The Plain Dealer, covering the local social scene of A-List weddings and Debutante Balls. After two years as a general reporter, Scott got her own column called "Senior Class," covering topics of interest to senior citizens, which she wrote for twenty years.
In 1958, she inherited the "Girl" column. Aimed at seven- and eight-year-olds, it was the beginning of the present day rock coverage in The Plain Dealer; the column name became "Young Ohio" and was called "Teen Time." Scott described her reporting beat as "covering everything from pimples to pensions." Scott covered the Beatles' first Cleveland performance at Public Hall on September 15, 1964 and traveled to England in 1966 to cover their tour. She interviewed the Beatles before their August 14, 1966 show at Cleveland Stadium. "When the Beatles appeared on Ed Sullivan’s show, I knew what the kids wanted to read. Once I found rock, I was never interested in anything else." At the time, The Plain Dealer was the only major American newspaper to have a full-time music critic on staff, thus Scott is considered to be the world’s first rock critic. In the 1960s, in preparation for her eventual work as The Plain Dealer's Rock Editor, she spent every Saturday night for six straight years at the WEWS television station for the tapings of the "Upbeat" show.
By May 1966, Scott's "Teen Time" column became a five-page cornerstone for a new idea in The Plain Dealer, a tab format entertainment section called "Go With The Plain Dealer." Published every Friday, the "Go" name lasted only four weeks and was renamed "The Action Tab." That name changed again to the present "Friday Magazine" on June 4, 1976. Throughout the 1970s, 1980s and 1990s she wrote the weekly "What's Happening" column in The Plain Dealer's Friday Magazine, along with regular artist interviews, album reviews and concert reviews, she appreciated all forms of rock and made friends of many musicians. Lou Reed said she was one of the only people to treat him with respect in his early years as a performer. In 1987, The Plain Dealer attempted to replace Scott but was met with strong public outcry and backlash, including feature stories in People Magazine, MTV News and The Wall Street Journal, resulting in the newspaper’s editors backing down from their plans. Scott was inducted in 1991 into the Cleveland Press Club Hall Of Fame.
Scott retired after 50 years at The Plain Dealer. Scott estimated that she had attended over music events during her career. Jane’s signature interview question was: ‘What was the name of your high school?’ The first record that she purchased was ‘’Sent For You Yesterday" by Jimmy Rushing of Count Basie’s orchestra. Scott listed her favorite rock artists: from the 1960s, her favorite rock song was "Black Water" by the Doobie Brothers. Her favorite rock album was Springsteen’s Born To Run. In August 1975, a review of hers stated "His name is Bruce Springsteen, he will be the next superstar." She wrote about that review later: "Springsteen's 1975 show at the Allen Theatre was memorable. He stood like a pirate, with a cap over his eye and a ring in his left ear, pulling us all into fascinating stories of his youth. I reviewed this show and over the objections of skeptical editors, predicted Springsteen would be a superstar. Lucky for me, Bruce came through." Scott was an early supporter who campaigned to bring the Rock and Roll Hall of
Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism
The Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism is the journalism school of Columbia University. It is located in Pulitzer Hall on Columbia's Morningside Heights campus in New York City. Founded in 1912 by Joseph Pulitzer, Columbia Journalism School is the only journalism school in the Ivy League and one of the oldest in the world, it offers four degree programs: 1) master of science. The school houses arguably journalism's most prestigious award, it directly administers several other prizes, including the Alfred I. duPont–Columbia University Award, honoring excellence in broadcast and digital journalism in the public service. It co-sponsors the National Magazine Awards known as the Ellie Awards, publishes the Columbia Journalism Review, a respected voice on press criticism since 1961. In addition to offering professional development programs and workshops, the school is home to the Tow Center for Digital Journalism, which explores technological changes in journalism, the Brown Institute for Media Innovation, which supports innovation in storytelling in the digital age.
Admission to the school is selective and has traditionally drawn a international student body. A faculty of experienced professionals preeminent in their respective fields, including politics and culture, science, education and economics, investigative reporting, national and international affairs, instruct students. A Board of Visitors meets periodically to advise the dean's office and support the school's initiatives. In 1892, Pulitzer, a Hungarian-born newspaper magnate, offered Columbia University President Seth Low funding to establish the world's first school of journalism, he sought to elevate a profession viewed more as a common trade learned through an apprenticeship. His idea was for a center of enlightened journalism in pursuit of knowledge as well as skills in the service of democracy. "It will impart knowledge - not for its own sake, but to be used for the public service," Pulitzer wrote in a now landmark, lead essay of the May 1904 issue of the North American Review. The university was resistant to the idea.
But Low's successor, Nicholas Murray Butler, was more receptive to the plan. Pulitzer was set on creating his vision at Columbia and offered it a $2 million gift, one-quarter of, to be used to establish prizes in journalism and the arts, it took Pulitzer's death in October 1911 to finalize plans. On September 30, 1912, classes began with 79 undergraduate and postgraduate students, including a dozen women. Veteran journalist Talcott Williams was installed as the school's director; when not attending classes and lectures, students scoured the city for news. Their more advanced classmates were assigned to cover a visit by President William Howard Taft, a sensational police murder trial and a women's suffrage march. A student from China went undercover to report on a downtown cocaine den. A journalism building was constructed the following year at Broadway and 116th Street on the western end of the campus. In 1935, Dean Carl Ackerman, a 1913 alumnus, led the school's transition to become the first graduate school of journalism in the United States.
As the school's reach and reputation spread, due in part to distinguished early scholars who included Douglas Southall Freeman, Walter B. Pitkin and Henry F. Pringle, it began offering coursework in television news and documentary in addition to its focus on newspapers and radio; the Maria Moors Cabot Prizes, the oldest international awards in journalism, were founded in 1938, honoring reporting in Latin America and the Caribbean. The Alfred I. duPont-Columbia Awards for excellence in broadcast journalism was created in 1942. In 1958, the Columbia Journalism Award, the school's highest honor, was established to recognize a person of overarching accomplishment and distinguished service to journalism. Three years the school began publishing the Columbia Journalism Review. In 1966, the school began awarding the National Magazine Awards in association with the American Society of Magazine Editors. Former CBS News president, Fred W. Friendly, was appointed the same year to the tenured faculty and enhanced the broadcast journalism program.
By the 1970s, the Reporting and Writing 1 course had become the cornerstone of the school's basic curriculum. The Knight‐Bagehot Fellowship was created in 1975 to business journalism. In 1985, the Delacorte Center for Magazine Journalism was founded. A doctoral program was established in 2001. In 2005, Nicholas Lemann, two years into his tenure as dean, created a second more specialized master's program leading to a master of arts degree; as a result of industry changes forced by digital media, the school in 2013 erased distinctions between types of media, such as newspaper, broadcast and new media, as specializations in its master of science curriculum. The Toni Stabile Center for Investigative Journalism, dedicated to training select students interested in pursuing careers in investigative journalism, opened in 2006. A year the Spencer Fellowship was created to focus on long-form reporting; the Dart Center for Journalism and Trauma relocated to Columbia in 2009 to focus on media coverage of trauma and tragedy.
In 2010, the Tow Center for Digital Journalism was created. The Brown Institute for Media Innovation was launched in 2012; the school's ten-month master of science program offers aspiring and experienced journalists the opportunity to study the skills and the ethics of journalism by reporting and writing stories that range from short news pieces to complex
Obit is a 2016 documentary film about the obituary writers at The New York Times. Obit is the first documentary to look into the world of newspaper obituaries, via the obituary desk at The New York Times. Writers are interviewed as they research and compose obituaries, including one for William P. Wilson, who coached John F. Kennedy on his historic TV debate with Richard Nixon, one for Dick Rich, who developed ground-breaking advertising for Alka-Seltzer. Along the way obits for many other people are discussed, with accompanying film clips of their lives. Writers attend editorial meetings and struggle to get their lede just right in time for the 6 pm print-edition deadline; the lone keeper of the Times' morgue files, too massive to move to the paper's new building, describes its functions and shows off some of its treasures, including "advances" — obits written well before a person dies and kept in a locked filing cabinet. One was prepared in 1931 for Elinor Smith, an early aviator who the Times believed might die in a plane crash.
When she died in 2010, age 98, her advance informed the obit desk 80 years after it was written. All appearing as themselvesWilliam McDonald Bruce Weber Margalit Fox William Grimes Jack Kadden Douglas Martin Jeff Roth Daniel Slotnik Paul Vitello Obit premiered at the Tribeca Film Festival on April 15, 2016; the film was released theatrically in New York City on April 26, 2017 at Film Forum and Lincoln Plaza Cinemas, in Los Angeles on May 5, 2017 at the Landmark Nuart. Obit's release expanded in May and June 2017, playing on 100 screens theatrically in the United States and Canada, including an 8-week engagement in Washington D. C. and 6- and 7-week engagements in New York City and Berkeley, California. The film has received high critical praise. Obit has a score of 92% on Rotten Tomatoes. Entertainment Weekly listed Obit in its Ten Best Movies of 2017 midyear report, calling it a "a wry, charming celebration of life in every form."It received a Critic's Pick in the New York Times, outside reviewer Gene Seymour wrote, "It is modest, observant and nonchalantly witty.
Beneath bright newsroom lighting, cameras peer avidly over the shoulders of writers and editors as they work to meet deadlines, assemble facts and obtain perspective on the deceased. And one comes away from Obit grateful that the paper has at its disposal a team of humane, gifted people who make commemorating the dead a lively, lasting art."Deadline Hollywood's Pete Hammond named Obit his favorite documentary of 2017 to date, writing "As documentaries go, few of them are as outright entertaining to watch as director Vanessa Gould’s fascinating treatment of The New York Times obituary reporters, appropriately enough, Obit."Writing for The Nation, Stuart Klawans states that Obit is "a remarkably good film about the craft of writing."NPR's Andrew Lapin described the film as "heartfelt and unshakable."Rolling Stone described the film as "stunning."The Los Angeles Times' Kenneth Turan named it a Critic's Pick. Richard Roeper wrote in The Chicago Sun-Times "Vanessa Gould's Obit is a life-affirming, slyly amusing, affectionate tribute to the skilled reporters at the New York Times who spend their days gathering information and writing the first-draft mini-histories of the most interesting players on the world stage, from superstar celebrities to historical supporting players to anonymous figures who impacted our lives without us knowing their names – until they died."Soheil Rezayazdi observes in Filmmaker, "Obit teems with colorful anecdotes.
Gould's camera hovers as call relatives and pitch pieces to editors. She mixes the fly-on-the-wall work with abnormally eloquent interviews—these are Times writers, after all—and splashes of archival footage to take us outside the cubicles; the film celebrates human strangeness. It effuses an obit writer’s intellectual curiosity and itch for a good story."The Economist stated "Obit is a rich, compelling portrait of a profession that receives the dignity it so graciously affords others."Rex Reed, in the New York Observer, gave the film three stars: "Informative and funny. As this riveting documentary demonstrates, the Times staff that chronicles the passing of both heroes and villains strives to make sure their obits have next to nothing to do with death and everything to do with life."British online magazine The Upcoming named Obit "the perfect documentary, with morbid wit and fearless curiosity." Obit screened by invitation at more than 40 international film festivals, including: 2016 Tribeca Film Festival 2016 Hot Docs Film Festival 2016 Provincetown International Film Festival 2016 AFI Docs 2016 New Zealand International Film Festival 2016 Traverse City Film Festival 2016 Philadelphia Film Festival 2016 Denver Film Festival 2016 Hampton's Take 2 Film Festival 2017 Palm Springs International Film Festival 2017 Portland International Film Festival 2017 DOC10 Film Festival Obit has been released as a region 1 DVD.
Between the Folds is a 2008 documentary film directed by Vanessa Gould about the art & mathematics of origami. Official website Obit on IMDb Obit at Box Office Mojo Obit at Rotten Tomatoes Obit at Metacritic
The Atlantic is an American magazine and multi-platform publisher. Founded in 1857 as The Atlantic Monthly in Boston, Massachusetts, it was a literary and cultural commentary magazine that published leading writers' commentary on abolition and other major issues in contemporary political affairs, its founders included Francis H. Underwood, along with prominent writers Ralph Waldo Emerson, Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr. Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, Harriet Beecher Stowe, John Greenleaf Whittier. James Russell Lowell was its first editor, it was known for publishing literary pieces by leading writers. After financial hardship and ownership changes in the late 20th century, the magazine was purchased by businessman David G. Bradley, he refashioned it as a general editorial magazine aimed at a target audience of serious national readers and "thought leaders." In 2010, The Atlantic posted its first profit in a decade. In 2016 the periodical was named Magazine of the Year by the American Society of Magazine Editors.
In July 2017, Bradley sold a majority interest in the publication to Laurene Powell Jobs's Emerson Collective. Its website, TheAtlantic.com, provides daily coverage and analysis of breaking news and international affairs, technology, health and culture. The editor of the website is Adrienne LaFrance; the Atlantic houses an editorial events arm, AtlanticLIVE. The Atlantic's president is Bob Cohn; the magazine, subscribed to by over 500,000 readers, publishes ten times a year. It was a monthly magazine for 144 years until 2001, it dropped "Monthly" from the cover beginning with the January/February 2004 issue, changed the name in 2007. The Atlantic features articles in the fields of politics, foreign affairs and the economy and the arts and science. On January 22, 2008, TheAtlantic.com dropped its subscriber wall and allowed users to browse its site, including all past archives. By 2011 The Atlantic's web properties included TheAtlanticWire.com, a news- and opinion-tracking site launched in 2009, TheAtlanticCities.com, a stand-alone website started in 2011, devoted to global cities and trends.
According to a Mashable profile in December 2011, "traffic to the three web properties surpassed 11 million uniques per month, up a staggering 2500% since The Atlantic brought down its paywall in early 2008."In December 2011, a new Health Channel launched on TheAtlantic.com, incorporating coverage of food, as well as topics related to the mind, sex and public health. Its launch was overseen by Nicholas Jackson, overseeing the Life channel and joined TheAtlantic.com to cover technology. TheAtlantic.com has expanded to visual storytelling, with the addition of the "In Focus" photo blog, curated by Alan Taylor. In 2011 it created its Video Channel. Created as an aggregator, The Atlantic's Video component, Atlantic Studios, has since evolved in an in-house production studio that creates custom video series and original documentaries. In 2015, TheAtlantic.com launched a dedicated Science section and in January 2016 it redesigned and expanded its politics section in conjunction with the 2016 U. S. presidential race.
A leading literary magazine, The Atlantic has published many significant authors. It was the first to publish pieces by the abolitionists Julia Ward Howe, William Parker, whose slave narrative, "The Freedman's Story" was published in February and March 1866, it published Charles W. Eliot's "The New Education", a call for practical reform, that led to his appointment to presidency of Harvard University in 1869. For example, Emily Dickinson, after reading an article in The Atlantic by Thomas Wentworth Higginson, asked him to become her mentor. In 2005, the magazine won a National Magazine Award for fiction; the magazine published many of the works of Mark Twain, including one, lost until 2001. Editors have recognized major cultural movements. For example, of the emerging writers of the 1920s, Ernest Hemingway had his short story "Fifty Grand" published in the July 1927 edition. In the midst of civil rights activism in the 20th century, the magazine published Martin Luther King, Jr.'s defense of civil disobedience in "Letter from Birmingham Jail" in August 1963.
The magazine has published speculative articles. The classic example is Vannevar Bush's essay "As We May Think", which inspired Douglas Engelbart and Ted Nelson to develop the modern workstation and hypertext technology; the Atlantic Monthly founded the Atlantic Monthly Press in 1917. Its published book included Drums Along the Blue Highways; the press was sold in 1986. In addition to publishing notable fiction and poetry, The Atlantic has emerged in the 21st century as an influential platform for longform storytelling and newsmaker interviews. Influential cover stories have included Anne Marie Slaughter's "Why Women Still Can't Have It All" and Ta-Nehisi Coates's "Case for Reparations". In 2015, Jeffrey Goldberg's "Obama Doctrine" was discussed by American media and prompted response by many world leaders; as of 2017, writers and frequent contributors to the print magazine include James F
Joyce Diane Brothers was an American psychologist, television personality and columnist, who wrote a daily newspaper advice column from 1960 to 2013. In 1955, she became the only woman to win the top prize on the American game show The $64,000 Question, answering questions on the topic of boxing, suggested as a stunt by the show's producers. In 1958, she presented a television show on which she dispensed psychological advice, pioneering the field, she wrote a column for Good Housekeeping for forty years and became, according to The Washington Post, the "face of American psychology". Brothers appeared in dozens of television roles as herself, but from the 1970s onward she accepted roles portraying fictional characters self-parodies. Radio therapist Dr. Laura credited Brothers with making psychology "accessible". Joyce Diane Bauer was born in 1927 in Brooklyn, New York, to Morris K. Bauer and Estelle, attorneys who shared a law practice, her family was Jewish. She graduated from Far Rockaway High School in January 1944.
She entered Cornell University, double-majoring in home economics and psychology and was a member of Sigma Delta Tau sorority. She earned her Ph. D degree in psychology from Columbia University; the American Association of University Women AAUW awarded Brothers the American Fellowship in 1952, which enabled her to complete the doctoral degree. She married Milton Brothers, an internist, in 1949; the couple had Lisa. Milton Brothers died in 1989 from cancer. Brothers resided in Fort Lee, New Jersey, where she died in 2013, aged 85. Brothers gained fame in late 1955 by winning The $64,000 Question game show, on which she appeared as an expert in the subject area of boxing, she had not planned to have boxing as her topic, but the sponsors suggested it, she agreed. A voracious reader, she studied every reference book about boxing. After seven weeks on the show she became the second person, only woman, to win the $64,000 top prize. Two years Brothers appeared on a successor program, The $64,000 Challenge, which matched the contestant against experts in the field.
Again, Brothers walked off with the maximum prize. In 1959, allegations that quiz shows were rigged, due to the Charles Van Doren controversy on the quiz show Twenty-One, began to surface and stirred controversy. Despite these claims, Brothers insisted she had not cheated, nor been given any answers to questions in advance. During a 1959 hearing in the quiz show scandal, a producer exonerated her of involvement, her success on The $64,000 Question earned Brothers a chance to be the color commentator for CBS during the boxing match between Carmen Basilio and Sugar Ray Robinson. She was said to have been the first woman boxing commentator. By August 1958, Brothers was given her own television show on a New York station, but her topic was not sports, she claimed to have been the first television psychologist, explaining to The Washington Post: "I invented media psychology. I was the first; the founding mother." Sponsors were nervous about whether a television psychologist could succeed, she recalled, but viewers expressed their gratitude for her show, telling her she was giving them information they could not get elsewhere.
Brothers presented syndicated advice shows on both television and radio, during a broadcasting career that lasted more than four decades. Her shows changed names numerous times, from The Dr. Joyce Brothers Show to Consult Dr. Brothers to Tell Me, Dr. Brothers to Ask Dr. Brothers to Living Easy with Dr. Joyce Brothers. In 1964, she interviewed and posed for publicity photographs with the Beatles on their first visit to the United States. Brothers had a monthly column in Good Housekeeping magazine for four decades, a syndicated newspaper column that she began writing in the 1970s and which at its height was printed in more than 300 newspapers, she published several books including the 1981 book, What Every Woman Should Know About Men, the 1991 book, inspired by the loss of her husband. Her advice was used as a source for some questions on the 1998–2004 incarnation of Hollywood Squares; as a psychologist, Brothers had been licensed in New York since 1958. Brothers died, aged 85, at her home in Fort Lee on May 2013, due to respiratory failure.
The Washington Times called her "the mother of television psychology". She is credited with inspiring "Dr. Laura" Schlessinger and "Dr. Phil" McGraw who called himself "a big fan of hers" after her death. Stand Up and Be Counted - Herself The War Between Men and Women - Herself Embryo - Herself More Wild Wild West - Casio Guest Hero at Large - Herself Oh, God! Book II - Herself on NBC The King of Comedy - Herself The Lonely Guy - Herself Mama's Family - Herself Love at Stake - Herself The Naked Gun: From the Files of Police Squad! - The Baseball Announcer #7 Troop Beverly Hills - Herself Animal Behavior - Visiting Psychologist Age Isn't Everything - Herself Married With Children - Judge Loaded Weapon 1 - Coroner Exit to Eden - Herself Lover's Knot - Herself The Misery Brothers - Herself Spy Hard - Steele's Tag Team Member Dear God - Herself The Nanny - Herself Elvis Is Alive! I Swear I Saw Him Eating Ding Dongs Outside the Piggly Wiggly's Diagnosis: Murder - Herself Van Wilder - Herself Analyze That - Herself ^A Some sou
Simon & Schuster
Simon & Schuster, Inc. a subsidiary of CBS Corporation, is an American publishing company founded in New York City in 1924 by Richard Simon and Max Schuster. As of 2016, Simon & Schuster was publishing 2,000 titles annually under 35 different imprints. In 1924, Richard Simon's aunt, a crossword puzzle enthusiast, asked whether there was a book of New York World crossword puzzles, which were popular at the time. After discovering that none had been published and Max Schuster decided to launch a company to exploit the opportunity. At the time, Simon was a piano salesman and Schuster was editor of an automotive trade magazine, they pooled US$8,000, equivalent to $117 thousand today, to start a company that published crossword puzzles. The new publishing house used "fad" publishing to publish books that exploited current fads and trends. Simon called this "planned publishing". Instead of signing authors with a planned manuscript, they came up with their own ideas, hired writers to carry them out. In the 1930s, the publisher moved to what has been referred to as "Publisher's Row" on Park Avenue in Manhattan, New York.
In 1939, Simon & Schuster financially backed Robert Fair de Graff to found Pocket Books, America's first paperback publisher. In 1942, Simon & Schuster and Western Printing launched the Little Golden Books series in cooperation with the Artists and Writers Guild. In 1944, Marshall Field III, owner of the Chicago Sun, purchased Pocket Books; the company was sold back to Schuster following his death. In the 1950s and 1960s, many publishers including Simon & Schuster turned toward educational publishing due to the baby boom market. Pocket Books focused on paperbacks for the educational market instead of textbooks and started the Washington Square Press imprint in 1959. By 1964 it had published over 200 titles and was expected to put out another 400 by the end of that year. Books published under the imprint included classic reprints such as Lorna Doone, Tom Sawyer, Huckleberry Finn, Robinson Crusoe. In 1966, Max Schuster sold his half of Simon & Schuster to Leon Shimkin. Shimkin merged Simon & Schuster with Pocket Books under the name of Simon & Schuster.
In 1968, editor-in-chief Robert Gottlieb, who worked at Simon & Schuster since 1955 and edited several bestsellers including Joseph Heller's Catch-22, left abruptly to work at competitor Knopf, taking other influential S&S employees, Nina Bourne, Tony Schulte. In 1979, Richard Snyder was named CEO of the company. Over the next several years he would help grow the company substantially. After the 1983 death of Charles Bluhdorn, head of Gulf+Western who acquired Simon in Schuster in 1976, the company made the decision to diversify. Bluhdorn's successor Martin Davis told The New York Times, "Society was undergoing dramatic changes, so that there was a greater need for textbooks and educational information. We saw the opportunity to diversify into those areas, which are more stable and more profitable than trade publishing."In 1984, Simon & Schuster with CEO Richard E. Snyder acquired Esquire Corporation, buying everything but the magazine for $180 million. Prentice Hall was brought into the company fold in 1985 for over $700 million and was viewed by some executives to be a catalyst for change for the company as a whole.
This acquisition was followed by Silver Burdett in 1986, mapmaker Gousha in 1987 and Charles E. Simon in 1988. Part of the acquisition included educational publisher Allyn & Bacon which, according to editor and chief Michael Korda, became the "nucleus of S&S's educational and informational business." Three California educational companies were purchased between 1988 and 1990—Quercus, Fearon Education and Janus Book Publishers. In all, Simon & Schuster spent more than $1 billion in acquisitions between 1983 and 1991. In the 1980s, Snyder made an unsuccessful bid toward video publishing, believed to have led to the company's success in the audio book business. Snyder was dismayed to realize that Simon & Schuster did not own the video rights to Jane Fonda's Workout Book, a huge bestseller at the time, that the video company producing the VHS was making more money on the video; this prompted Snyder to ask editors to obtain video rights for every new book. Agents were reluctant to give these up—which meant the S&S Video division never took off.
According to Korda, the audio rights expanded into the audio division which by the 1990s would be a major business for Simon & Schuster. In 1989, Gulf and Western Inc. owner of Simon & Schuster, changed its name to Paramount Communications Inc. In 1990, The New York Times described Simon & Schuster as the largest book publisher in the United States with sales of $1.3 billion the previous year. That same year, Schuster acquired the children's publisher Green Tiger Press. In 1994, was fired from S&S and was replaced by the company's president and chief operating officer Jonathan Newcomb; that year, Paramount was sold to Viacom. In 1998, Viacom sold Simon & Schuster's educational operations, including Prentice Hall and Macmillan, to Pearson PLC, the global publisher and owner of Penguin and the Financial Times; the professional and reference operations were sold to Hicks Muse Furst. In 2002, Simon & Schuster acquired its Canadian distributor Distican. Simon & Schuster began publishing in Canada in 2013.
At the end of 2005, Viacom split into two companies: CBS Corporation, the other retaining the Viacom name. In 2005, Simon & Schuster acquired Strebor Books International, founded in 1999 by author Kristina Laferne Roberts, who has written under the pseudonym "Zane." A year in 2006, Simon & Schuster launched the conservative imprint Threshold Editions. In 2009, Simon & Schuster
Robert N. Buck
Robert Nietzel Buck broke the junior transcontinental air speed record in 1930 and for a time was the youngest licensed pilot in the United States. He was born in New Jersey on January 29, 1914 to Abijah Orange Buck and Emily Nietzel. Emily was Abija's second wife, she was the daughter of Elizabeth Bellingrath. In 1930 at age 16 he took lessons in a Fleet Aircraft using a Kinner engine, he received the United States Department of Commerce license #13478. On October 4, 1930 he beat the junior transcontinental airspeed record of Eddie August Schneider in his PA-6 Pitcairn Mailwing he named "Yankee Clipper", his time was 23 hours and 47 minutes of elapsed flying time. The junior record only excludes time spent on the ground. Robert said on February 6, 2005: "I was the youngest to fly coast to coast and that record still stands. I had my license at 16 and after that, they raised the minimum age to 17. With that change no one could break my record." In 1937 he began flying for TWA. He became a Captain in 1940 and he became chief pilot in 1945.
He married Jean Pearsall in 1938. In 1965 he flew around the world from pole to pole in a Boeing 707; this was done with several other pilots in shifts. In 1970 he flew TWA's first Boeing 747 on Flight 800 from New York City to Paris, in the same year wrote Weather Flying, he retired from TWA at age 60 on January 28, 1974 and moved to Vermont, where he wrote Flying Know-How, Art of Flying, Pilot's Burden. He died on April 2007 in Berlin, Vermont, he was inducted into the Aviation Hall of Fame of New Jersey in 1981. Flying Know-How. New York, N. Y.: Delacorte Press/E. Friede. 1975. ISBN 0-440-04934-2; the Art of Flying. New York: Macmillan. 1984. ISBN 0-02-518220-X; the Pilot's Burden: Flight Safety and the Roots of Pilot Error. Ames: Iowa State University. 1994. ISBN 0-8138-2357-9. Weather Flying. New York: McGraw-Hill. 1998. ISBN 0-07-008761-X. North Star Over my Shoulder: A Flying Life. New York: Simon & Schuster. 2002. ISBN 0-7432-1964-3. Robert N. Buck at Find a Grave Robert Nietzel Buck at Valley Reporter Robert Nietzel Buck at Times Argus Robert Nietzel Buck at Davis-Monthan Airfield Register Robert Nietzel Buck at AVWeb Robert N. Buck on National Public Radio