The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
Kieran Kyle Culkin is an American actor. He began his career as a child actor, acting alongside his older brother Macaulay in the Home Alone franchise His breakout role in Igby Goes Down received critical acclaim and he was nominated for a Best Actor Golden Globe Award, as well as winning a Critics' Choice Movie Award and Satellite Award, he is well known for his role as Wallace Wells in the hit cult film Scott Pilgrim vs. the World. He has acted on the stage, most notably in several productions of the Kenneth Lonergan play This Is Our Youth. In 2015, he portrayed Rye Gerhardt in the second season of the FX series Fargo, he portrays Roman Roy in the HBO series Succession. Culkin was born in New York City, to Patricia Brentrup and Kit Culkin, a former stage actor with a long career on Broadway, he has seven siblings—Christian, Macaulay, Rory and Quinn—all of whom were raised as performers. In 1994, Culkin's parents separated and he has been estranged from his father since, his sister Dakota, died in a car accident in 2008.
Culkin's first film role was a small part alongside his brother, Macaulay, in Home Alone as cousin Fuller McCallister. He continued acting as a child and teenager working in comedies, including Home Alone 2: Lost in New York and Father of the Bride and its sequel, he played a role in She's All That as Laney's younger brother, Simon. He appeared in feature films such as the 1991 film Father of the Bride and its 1995 sequel, My Summer Story, the sequel to A Christmas Story, The Mighty, She's All That, The Cider House Rules, The Dangerous Lives of Altar Boys, Scott Pilgrim vs. the World, Movie 43. As a teenager, he alternated between lead roles in independent films and small parts in mainstream films, he played the title role in the film Igby Goes Down, for which he was nominated for a Golden Globe Award. He had the lead role in The Mighty as Kevin Dillon, he played Buff in Eric Bogosian's updated version of SubUrbia at the Second Stage Theatre in New York. In 2015, he portrayed Rye Gerhardt in the second season of the FX series Fargo.
He is an ensemble cast member in the HBO series Succession, renewed for a second season. Culkin married Jazz Charton in 2013, he dated Emma Stone. Kieran Culkin on IMDb Kieran Culkin at the Internet Broadway Database Kieran Culkin at Internet Off-Broadway Database
Upper West Side
The Upper West Side, sometimes abbreviated UWS, is a neighborhood in the borough of Manhattan, New York City, bounded by Central Park and the Hudson River, West 59th Street and West 110th Street. Like the Upper East Side, the Upper West Side is an affluent residential area with many of its residents working in commercial areas of Midtown and Lower Manhattan, it has the reputation of being New York City's cultural and intellectual hub, with Columbia University and Barnard College located just past the north end of the neighborhood, the Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts located at the south end. The Upper West Side is considered to be among New York City's wealthiest neighborhoods; the Upper West Side is part of Manhattan Community District 7 and its primary ZIP Codes are 10023, 10024, 10025, 10069. It is patrolled by the 24th Precincts of the New York City Police Department. Upper West Side is bounded on the south by 59th Street, Central Park to the east, the Hudson River to the west, 110th Street to the north.
The area north of West 96th Street and east of Broadway is identified as Manhattan Valley. The overlapping area west of Amsterdam Avenue to Riverside Park was once known as the Bloomingdale District. From west to east, the avenues of the Upper West Side are Riverside Drive, West End Avenue, Amsterdam Avenue, Columbus Avenue, Central Park West; the 66-block stretch of Broadway forms the spine of the neighborhood and runs diagonally north/south across the other avenues at the south end of the neighborhood. Broadway enters the neighborhood at its juncture with Central Park West at Columbus Circle, crosses Columbus Avenue at Lincoln Square, Amsterdam Avenue at Verdi Square, merges with West End Avenue at Straus Park. Traditionally the neighborhood ranged from the former village of Harsenville, centered on the old Bloomingdale Road and 65th Street, west to the railroad yards along the Hudson north to 110th Street, where the ground rises to Morningside Heights. With the construction of Lincoln Center, its name, though not the reality, was stretched south to 58th Street.
With the arrival of the corporate headquarters and expensive condos of the Time Warner Center at Columbus Circle, the Riverside South apartment complex built by Donald Trump, the area from 58th Street to 65th Street is referred to as Lincoln Square by realtors who acknowledge a different tone and ambiance than that associated with the Upper West Side. This is a reversion to the neighborhood's historical name; the Upper West Side is part of Manhattan Community District 7 and its primary ZIP Codes are 10023, 10024, 10025, 10069. It is patrolled by the 24th Precincts of the New York City Police Department; the long high bluff above useful sandy coves along the North River was little used or traversed by the Lenape people. A combination of the stream valleys, such as that in which 96th Street runs, wetlands to the northeast and east, may have protected a portion of the Upper West Side from the Lenape's controlled burns. In the eighteenth and early nineteenth century, the Upper West Side-to-be contained some of colonial New York's most ambitious houses, spaced along Bloomingdale Road.
It became infilled with smaller, more suburban villas in the first half of the nineteenth century, in the middle of the century, parts had become decidedly lower class. The name "Bloomingdale District" was used to refer to a part of the Upper West Side – the present-day Manhattan Valley neighborhood – located between 96th and 110th Streets and bounded on the east by Amsterdam Avenue and on the west by Riverside Drive, Riverside Park, the Hudson River, its name was a derivation of the description given to the area by Dutch settlers to New Netherland from Bloemendaal, a town in the tulip region. The Dutch Anglicized the name to "Bloomingdale" or "the Bloomingdale District", to the west side of Manhattan from about 23rd Street up to the Hollow Way, it consisted of villages along a road known as the Bloomingdale Road. Bloomingdale Road was renamed The Boulevard in 1868, as the farms and villages were divided into building lots and absorbed into the city. By the 18th century it contained numerous farms and country residences of many of the city's well-off, a major parcel of, the Apthorp Farm.
The main artery of this area was the Bloomingdale Road, which began north of where Broadway and the Bowery Lane join and wended its way northward up to about modern 116th Street in Morningside Heights, where the road further north was known as the Kingsbridge Road. Within the confines of the modern-day Upper West Side, the road passed through areas known as Harsenville, Strycker's Bay, Bloomingdale Village. With the building of the Croton Aqueduct passing down the area between present day Amsterdam Avenue and Columbus Avenue in 1838–42, the northern reaches of the district became divided into Manhattan Valley to the east of the aqueduct and Bloomingdale to the west. Bloomingdale, in the latter half of the 19th century, was the name of a village that occupied the area just south of 110th street. Much of the riverfront of the Upper West Side was a shipping and manufacturing corridor; the Hudson River Railroad line right-of-way was granted in the late 1830s to connect New York City to Albany, soon ran along the riverbank.
One major non-industrial deve
Rosemarie Braddock DeWitt is an American actress. DeWitt played Emily Lehman in the Fox television series Standoff, co-starring with her future husband Ron Livingston, as well as Charmaine Craine on United States of Tara, she was the title character in 2008's Rachel Getting Married, garnering several awards and nominations for best supporting actress. She starred in a remake of the 1982 film of the same name. DeWitt was born in Flushing, New York, the daughter of Dorothy and Kenny DeWitt, she is a granddaughter of former World Heavyweight Champion James J. Braddock, played the role of neighbor Sara Wilson in the movie Cinderella Man, which depicted James J. Braddock's life. DeWitt lived in Hanover Township, New Jersey, is a graduate of Whippany Park High School, she performed in several high school productions. She attended the New College at Hofstra University where she received a Bachelor of Arts in creative studies. While at Hofstra University, she joined Alpha Phi, she had additional training at The Actors Center in New York.
DeWitt is in production on Arizona starring opposite Danny McBride and stars in the season three premiere episode of the acclaimed British series, “Black Mirror” for director Jodie Foster. Most DeWitt was seen in the indie-thriller Sweet Virginia, directed by Jamie Dagg, which premiered 2017 at the Tribeca Film Festival. In 2016, DeWitt appeared in Damien Chazelle’s musical romance La La Land opposite Ryan Gosling and Emma Stone. Other film credits include Jason Reitman’s Men, Women, & Children, Michael Cuesta’s Kill the Messenger opposite Jeremy Renner, Gus Van Sant’s Promised Land opposite Matt Damon, Lynn Shelton’s Your Sister's Sister, opposite Emily Blunt and Mark Duplass, Jonathan Demme’s Rachel Gettting Married. On the small screen, DeWitt was seen in the third season of the Showtime comedy series, United States of Tara alongside Toni Collette. In addition to her role on United States of Tara, DeWitt recurred on the critically acclaimed AMC series, Mad Men, playing Don Draper’s bohemian mistress in the show’s first season.
Rosemarie DeWitt on IMDb Rosemarie DeWitt at the Internet Off-Broadway Database DeWitt Biography AMCTV.com Madmen
Time Out Group
Time Out Group is a global media and entertainment company. Its digital and physical presence comprises websites, mobile editions, live events and markets. Time Out covers events and culture in cities across the world. Time Out Group provides entertainment and drink recommendations to an international audience through print and digital platforms. Time Out was established in 1968, by founder Tony Elliott and has developed into a global platform across 315 cities and in 58 countries, it provides original editorial content for users to find things to do in the city as well as curated lists of the best films, attractions, culture and nightlife activities. Time Out Market, launched in 2014 in Lisbon, enables people to discover, book and share their experiences on one platform. New Time Out Markets are set to open in Miami, New York, Boston and Montreal in 2019 and in London-Waterloo and in Prague in 2021 – all bringing the best of the city under one roof; the original Time Out magazine was first published in 1968 by Tony Elliott with Bob Harris as co-editor, has since developed into a global platform across 315 cities and 58 countries.
The magazine was a one-sheet pamphlet with listings for London. It started as a counter-culture publication that had an alternative viewpoint on issues such as gay rights, racial equality, police harassment. Early issues had a print run of around 5,000 and evolved to a weekly circulation of 110,000. One of the editors in the 1970s was Roger Hutchinson; the brand was expanded to North America with Time Out New York magazine known as TONY in 1995 followed by Time Out New York Kids in 1996. The success of taking the Time Out brand abroad led to the expansion of the magazine worldwide; the brand grew to include travel magazines, city guides, books. Time Out was able to withstand print competition; when Time Out New York launched it did not have a website and was competing against well-established online publications such as Citysearch and The Village Voice. The company. Financial loss and the necessity to expand the Time Out brand led Tony Elliott to sell half of Time Out London and 66 percent of TONY to private equity group Oakley Capital in May 2011.
Under new ownership, the company expanded the brand digitally through partnerships with software companies to develop a common online platform for the brand and to create multi-city mobile applications. The company continued to grow digitally and launched an iPad app for New York and London in July 2012; the iPad app was sponsored by MasterCard. In July 2015, Time Out Group announced a £7 million investment in Flypay, a pay-at-table mobile app that will integrate its technology into Time Out's media platform. In June 2016, Time Out Group underwent an initial public offering and trades under the symbol TMO on London's AIM stock exchange. Time Out magazine is available in 40 cities around the world including Lisbon, Porto, L. A. Miami, Sydney, Hong Kong, Barcelona, Beijing, Tel Aviv, Mexico City, Tokyo and Istanbul among others. Time Out London magazine is a free weekly publication based in London. Time Out provides event listings and editorial on film and the arts in London to inform readers of the availability of entertainment in the city.
Time Out New York was the brand's first magazine launch in North America and debuted in 1995. Time Out New York is now available for free every other Wednesday in vending boxes and newsstands across New York City and there are copies inside cultural establishments and other locations; the web audience is estimated to 4.5 million unique visitors a month. Time Out Media publishes guides written by locals aimed at providing tourists with tips in urban "nooks" around the world. Mobile apps have been integrated with city guides to allow mobile users to use GPS to pinpoint their location on Time Out maps and search for dining and event recommendations along with a list of editors picks and other options. In April 2014 Time Out Lisbon launched the Time Out Mercado da Ribeira; the market hosts 35 small restaurant and artisan kiosks from the best chefs offering local specialties and has been recognised as one of the top tourist attractions in Lisbon. New Time Out Markets are set to open in Miami. In August 2011, Time Out acquired the personalisation business LikeCube.
Kelkoo, a daily-offers business, was acquired by Time Out in December 2011. The Time Out brand license was acquired for the Chicago publication March 2013; the acquisition was part of a strategy to build an international media organisation in 50 cities. Changes included moving from print publication to digital format as only a limited few cities still have a printed Time Out magazine edition including London and New York. Time Out acquired the event discovery platform Huge City in May 2014. In April 2016, Time Out acquired the geo-mapping start-up Hallstreet. In October 2016, Time Out acquired the event discovery and booking service YPlan
Olivia Jo Thirlby is an American actress. She is best known for her roles as Leah in the comedy-drama film Juno, as Natalie in The Darkest Hour and as Judge Cassandra Anderson in Dredd. In June 2008, Thirlby was described by Vanity Fair as a member of "Hollywood's New Wave". Thirlby was born in New York City, New York, to an advertising executive mother and a contractor father, she was raised in Manhattan's East Village, attending school at Friends Seminary in the city's Gramercy neighborhood, where she graduated in a class of 57 students. She attended French Woods Festival of the Performing Arts in upstate New York, Usdan Center for the Creative and Performing Arts, she took classes at the American Globe Theatre, at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art in London where she completed a stage combat course with the British Academy of Stage and Screen Combat. She is of Jewish descent. While still in high school, Thirlby was offered a role in The Secret. In 2006, she made her film debut in her television debut in Kidnapped.
In 2007, she played Leah in Juno. Around this time and her Juno co-star Ellen Page were slated to star as the respective title characters of Jack & Diane; the film is a tale of two young women who fall in love, the heat of the romance unlocking lycanthropy in Thirlby's character, Jack. Both dropped out before production, the cast was replaced numerous times over. In the Sundance Audience Award-winning film The Wackness, a mid-1990s period piece, she plays Stephanie, a marijuana-smoking "popular girl" from New York City. Thirlby stars opposite Josh Peck, who plays a drug dealer; the film was released in the U. S. on July 3, 2008. Thirlby was cast in the Judd Apatow-produced, David Gordon Green-directed stoner comedy, Pineapple Express, as Seth Rogen's character's girlfriend, but was replaced by actress Amber Heard after rehearsing for the film, she reunited with David Gordon Green on the animated TV pilot Good Vibes. She made her stage debut in Farragut North, a play by Beau Willimon at the Atlantic Theater Company in New York City.
The Off-Broadway production ran from October 22, 2008 – November 29, 2008 with official opening on November 12 and transferred to the Geffen Playhouse in June 2009. Thirlby appeared in the 2009 HBO series Bored to Death, she voices promotional video excerpts from the novel Thirteen Reasons Why by Jay Asher which, since October 2008, have been posted to YouTube. She appeared in the 2011-released film Margaret, she is attached to star in Christmas in New York as well as For Ellen. Thirlby starred in the Russian science-fiction film The Darkest Hour, released in 2011, directed by Chris Gorak, produced by Timur Bekmambetov. Thirlby was cast in the lead role of Max in the upcoming drama comedy The Other Side. Thirlby starred as Judge Cassandra Anderson in the 2012 film adaptation of Judge Dredd, with Karl Urban in the title role, she next starred in the indie film Nobody Walks co-starring John Rosemarie DeWitt. She plays a young artist taken in a couple's home, it premiered at 2012 Sundance Film Festival.
In 2016, Thirlby co-starred as the young attorney Lucy Kittridge in the Amazon Studios legal series Goliath. Thirlby is a participant in iO Tillett Wright's Self-Evident Truths Project. In an interview with Brooklyn Magazine in 2011, Thirlby publicly came out as bisexual and stated why she decided to be a part of a photography project that focuses on people who are "anything but 100 percent straight." Olivia Thirlby on IMDb Olivia Thirlby at AllMovie Olivia Thirlby at the TCM Movie Database
Michael Brown, professionally known as Michael Ealy, is an American actor. He is known for his roles in Barbershop, 2 Fast 2 Furious, Think Like a Man, About Last Night, Think Like a Man Too, The Perfect Guy. Ealy starred as Dorian the android in the Fox TV science fiction police drama series Almost Human. Ealy was born in Washington, D. C. and was raised in Maryland. Ealy graduated from Springbrook High School and attended the University of Maryland in College Park, Maryland, his mother worked for IBM and his father was in the grocery business. He started his acting career in the late 1990s, appearing in a number of off-Broadway stage productions. Among his first film roles were Kissing Jessica Stein, his breakout role came in 2002's Barbershop, in which he plays reformed street thug Ricky Nash, a role that he reprised in the 2004 sequel, Barbershop 2: Back in Business. In 2003, he played the role of Slap Jack in the second installment of the Fast and the Furious film series, 2 Fast 2 Furious. In 2004, Ealy appeared in Never Die Alone with DMX.
He appeared in Mariah Carey's music video for her hit single "Get Your Number" from her 2005 album The Emancipation of Mimi. In 2005, Ealy co-starred in the Television film version of Their Eyes Were Watching God, produced by Oprah Winfrey and Quincy Jones, starring Academy Award-winning actress Halle Berry; the same year, he starred in the independent film Jellysmoke, directed by Mark Banning. He starred in the Showtime television series Sleeper Cell, the first season of which aired December 4–18, 2005, the second season of which, Sleeper Cell: American Terror, aired December 10–17, 2006. On December 14, 2006, Ealy was nominated for a Golden Globe Award for his role in Sleeper Cell: American Terror in the category Best Performance by an Actor in a Mini-Series or Motion Picture Made for Television. In December 2008 he was featured in the movie Seven Pounds alongside Will Smith as Ben Thomas, he starred as the male lead in Beyoncé's "Halo" music video, as CIA Field Officer Marshall Vogel in the ABC television series FlashForward.
Ealy appears in the limited-edition coffee table book by celebrity photographer John Russo, published by Pixie Press Worldwide. He is working on independent writing projects. In 2009, Ealy performed in The People Speak, a documentary feature film that uses dramatic and musical performances of the letters and speeches of everyday Americans, based on historian Howard Zinn's A People's History of the United States. In 2010, Ealy appeared as attorney Derrick Bond in the second season of The Good Wife, he co-starred in the 2010 action movie Takers as Jake Attica, appeared as Travis Marks in USA Network's original series Common Law about two cops who have to go to couples counseling because they argue too much. Common Law premiered following Fairly Legal on Friday, May 11, 2012. Ealy appeared as Dominic in the 2012 ensemble comedy Think Like a Man and its 2014 sequel, Think Like a Man Too, appeared as "Papa Joe" in the 2012 inspirational film Unconditional, he appeared opposite Think Like a Man co-star Kevin Hart in the 2014 remake of About Last Night.
In 2013, Ealy signed on to play co-lead "Dorian" in the Fox television series Almost Human. The sci-fi police procedural takes place in the year 2048 and follows the relationship between two cops as they struggle to solve futuristic crimes that involve complex technology. Ealy depicts the android "Dorian", an older, "DRN" android model, considered to be less reliable due to its artificial emotions and, tasked with protecting his partner John Kennex; the show aired for one season on Fox from 2013 to 2014. In 2015, Ealy played serial killer "Theo" in season 3 of the Fox television series The Following, he starred as Eric Warner in the second season of the ABC mystery crime series Secrets and Lies, which aired in fall of 2016. Since 2017 Ealy has starred in the fourth season of Being Mary Jane opposite Gabrielle Union. In October 2012, Ealy married Khatira Rafiqzada, his girlfriend of four years, in a ceremony in Los Angeles, together they have a son and a daughter. Michael Ealy at AllMovie Michael Ealy on IMDb