The Red Queen (Gregory novel)
The Red Queen is a 2010 historical novel by Philippa Gregory, the second of her series The Cousins' War. It is the story of mother of Henry VII of England; the 2013 BBC One television series The White Queen is a 10-part adaptation of Gregory's novels The White Queen, The Red Queen and The Kingmaker's Daughter, features Amanda Hale as Margaret Beaufort. Publishers Weekly noted of The Red Queen that "Gregory puts her many imitators to shame by dint of unequalled energy and unwavering execution."AudioFile magazine gave its Earphones Award to the audiobook recording of the novel, calling Gregory "the queen of British historical fiction" and praising narrator Bianca Amato's performance as "regal and riveting". Official Philippa Gregory website Gregory, Philippa. "Philippa Gregory tells the true story behind The White Queen". Radio Times. Retrieved 6 October 2014
Stourton with Gasper
Stourton with Gasper is a civil parish in the English county of Wiltshire. The parish includes the village of Stourton, along with the hamlets of Gasper, it is close to the county boundary with Somerset, about 8.5 miles south of the Somerset market town of Frome, some 1.5 miles north of the A303 trunk road. The village of Stourton is part of the Stourhead estate, now in the ownership of the National Trust, the entrance to the estate's famous house and garden is through the village. To the east of the village lies the steep slopes and downland of White Sheet Hill, a section of, within the civil parish. Stourton with Gasper consists of three ancient manors: Stourton and Gasper; the hamlets of Bonham and Gasper were in the Norton Ferris Hundred of Somerset until 1895, when a boundary revision transferred the Somerset portion of the parish to Wiltshire. The Church of England parish church of St Peter at Stourton has 14th-century origins but has been much restored and altered, it contains monuments of owners of the estate.
The architect and mason Nathaniel Ireson was churchwarden in the 1720s and may have done work on the church himself. The antiquarian William Coxe was rector from 1801 to 1811. Bonham House and cottage are from the 14th century and are Grade II* listed. A Roman Catholic chapel was here from 1559 until 1950. About 1 1⁄2 miles southwest of Stourton village, within the civil parish, are the earthwork remains of Castle Orchard, a motte-and-bailey castle, scheduled as an ancient monument; the civil parish elects a parish council. The parish is in the area of Wiltshire Council unitary authority, which performs all significant local government functions, of the South West Wiltshire parliamentary constituency. In Stourton village there is a pub, the Spread Eagle Inn. Stourton is home to Kilmington and Stourton Cricket Club who play in Divisions Four and Seven of the Somerset Cricket League. Parish council web site "Stourton with Gasper". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 17 May 2015.
GENUKI - Stourton
John Beaufort, 1st Duke of Somerset
John Beaufort, 1st Duke of Somerset was an English nobleman and military commander during the Hundred Years' War. Baptised on 25 March 1404, he was the second son of John Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset, Margaret Holland, succeeded his childless elder brother Henry Beaufort, 2nd Earl of Somerset, to become the 3rd Earl of Somerset in 1418, he was the 1st Earl of Kendal. The young earl fought in his cousin Henry V's 1419 campaigns in France. In 1421, he accompanied the king's younger brother Thomas of Lancaster, Duke of Clarence, to the fighting in Anjou. Thomas was killed at the Battle of Baugé, while his younger brother were captured. On 25 March 1425, Somerset came into his majority, but the estates of his father had to be managed by his mother for the next thirteen years until he was released from imprisonment, he remained imprisoned until 1438, after being ransomed, became one of the leading English commanders in France. In 1443, John was created Duke of Somerset and Earl of Kendal, made a Knight of the Garter, appointed Captain-General of Guyenne.
He married Margaret Beauchamp of Bletso in 1439. He presided over a period during which England lost much territory in France, he proved a poor commander. Humphrey, 1st Duke of Gloucester, the regent for the young King Henry VI, was unable to control the administration of justice and finance, which led to widespread lawlessness. At the beginning of the second protectorate of Richard, Duke of York, Gloucester declined the post of Lieutenant-Governor, offered instead to Somerset. From this post, he drew a salary of 600 pounds and was Lieutenant-General for war after York's appointment on 2 July 1440. Somerset was appointed Admiral of the Sea to Lord Talbot's army command. Talbot besieged Harfleur from August 1440. King Charles VII of France sent a large army under Richemont; the English dug a double ditch rampart with only 1000 men, while Somerset's squadron prevented a French landing by sea, using archers to pick off the enemy at short range. Frustrated, the French withdrew to Paris; the town was re-occupied.
York was incensed that John's uncle, Cardinal Henry Beaufort, should advise the king to sue for peace. Somerset advised King Henry that peace was humanitarian and that the king of France was determined to seize Pontoise; when York arrived in Normandy in 1441 to campaign, Somerset had resigned. But the fall of Pontoise to the Duke of Orléans in September 1441 weakened English garrisons, in Gascony, the situation was worse; the Beauforts sent Sir Edward Hull, who arrived at Bordeaux on 22 October 1442 to inform York that a huge army would arrive commanded by Somerset. York was ordered to fortify Rouen. Somerset dithered. Meanwhile, the Duke of York, fighting alongside the tactician Lord Talbot, had been appointed Lieutenant for all France. With the Duke of Gloucester's wife Eleanor charged with treason, Somerset took the opportunity in April 1443 to declare himself Lieutenant of Aquitaine and Captain-General of Guyenne. By the negotiations Somerset had started as Captain-General of Calais had failed.
These two factors turned York against the Beauforts. But the last straw was the payment of £25,000 to Somerset while York remained in debt. Furthermore, Guyenne was consuming precious resources otherwise destined for Normandy. In August 1443, Somerset marched south to Gascony, he blundered into a Breton town with which England had signed a peace treaty. But Somerset set accepting money from the Duke of Brittany. Marching aimlessly through Maine, he returned that winter to England, his death in 1444 may have been suicide. His death, that of his uncle the cardinal, marked the end of Beaufort influence, left the door open for William de la Pole, 1st Duke of Suffolk, to dominate government, but the lasting effect of these events was burning resentment between the House of York and the remaining members of the Beaufort family. 1st Duke of Somerset 1st Earl of Kendal 3rd Earl of Somerset Illegitimate children of John Beaufort: Tacine of Somerset. Being foreign born, she was made a denizen of England 20 June 1443.
She married before 29 Sept. 1447 Reynold Grey, 7th Lord Grey of Wilton. He was born about 1421, they had one son, Knt.. John of Somerset Child of John Beaufort and Margaret Beauchamp of Bletso: Lady Margaret Beaufort, mother of Henry VII Brown, M. H.. "Joan". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/14646. Browning, Charles H.. The Magna Carta Barons and Their American Descendants. London: Genealogical Publishing Company. Burne, A. H.. The Hundred Years War. London: Folio. Cokayne, G.. G. H. White, ed; the Complete Peerage. 12.1. London: St. Catherine Press. Harriss, G. L.. "Beaufort, duke of Somerset". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/1862. First edition available at Wikisource: Tipping, H. "Beaufort, John", in Stephen, Dictionary of National Biography, 4, London: Smith, Elder & Co. Jacob, E. F.. The Fifteenth Century 1399–1485. Oxford History of England. 6. Oxford: Clarendon Press. ISBN 978-0-19-821714-5. Marshall, Rosalind.
Scottish Queens, 1034–1714
Lydiard Tregoze is a small village and civil parish on the western edge of Swindon in the county of Wiltshire, in the south west of England. It has in the past been spelt in many other ways; the parish includes the small village of Hook, the hamlets of Hook Street and Ballard's Ash. Lydiard Tregoze is mentioned in the Doomsday Book as a manor belonging to Alfred of Marlborough, Baron of Ewyas and a Tenant-in-Chief to King William I of England. Near Royal Wootton Bassett, the parish of Lydiard Tregoze was part of the Kingsbridge Hundred, while its village centred on the medieval parish church of St Mary and the nearby manor house, Lydiard House, which came to be the home of the St John family, Viscounts Bolingbroke. However, the original village of Lydiard Tregoze disappeared, giving way to the grounds of an important country house, although St Mary's church survives and contains important monuments. Margaret Beaufort, mother of Henry VII, was the stepdaughter of Oliver St John of Lydiard Tregoze.
His marriage to her mother, Margaret Beauchamp of Bletso, produced six children to whom she remained close throughout her life, this gave the St Johns considerable influence at Court in the early decades of the Tudor dynasty. In 1615, Lucy St John, daughter of Sir John St John of Lydiard Tregoze, married Sir Allen Apsley, one of the founders of the New England Company. Anne St John of Lydiard, the daughter of Sir John St John, 1st Baronet, was married on 2 October 1632 to Sir Francis Henry Lee, 2nd Baronet of Ditchley, son of Sir Henry Lee, 1st Baronet and Eleanor Wharton. Anne was married a second time in 1644 to Henry Wilmot, 1st Earl of Rochester, a leading Royalist during the English Civil War, son of Charles Wilmot, 1st Viscount Wilmot and Sarah Anderson. Anne St John was the mother of John Wilmot, 2nd Earl of Rochester and grandmother of Edward Lee, 1st Earl of Lichfield. In 1801, the population of the parish was 578, in 1901 it was 618, in 1971 549. John Bartholomew's Gazetteer of the British Isles describes Lydiard Tregoze as: "Liddiard Tregooze, par. and vil.
Wilts, 1 mile SE. of Liddiard Millicent, 5142 ac. pop. 660."Lydiard Tregoze has been suggested as a location for the 9th century Battle of Ellandun. There was a one-room school, supported by Lord Bolingbroke, from the early 1800s. A new school was opened in 1866 near Hook Street, aided by National Society funding. An average of 90 pupils attended in 1899, but numbers fell and there were only 30 in 1930; the school closed in its 23 pupils transferred to Lydiard Millicent. The building was extended and is now a small hotel and restaurant; the manor and tithing of Midgehall was south of Hook. It was granted to Stanley Abbey in the 1150s, in 1534 leased by William Pleydell. Members of the Pleydell family sat in Parliament for Wootton Bassett: William's son, William Pleydell; the Pleydells left Midgehall after Edmund's death. The 18th-century farmhouse survives. A church at Lydiard Tregoze was mentioned in 1100; the present building, in limestone rubble with some ashlar, has a nave and north aisle from the 13th century, while the chancel, south aisle with porch, tower are of the 15th.
A painted triptych was begun in its outer panels showing the St John family tree. The south chancel chapel was rebuilt for the St John family in 1633; the plastered nave walls carry some from the 13th century. Windows have reset medieval glass, the west window of 1859 is by Alexander Gibbs. A canopied monument to Sir John St John and his wives, c. 1635, is within railings. The tower has six bells, three of them cast by Roger I Purdue in 1635; the building was designated as Grade I listed in 1955. Pevsner wrote "Not a big church, but cram-full of enjoyable furnishings, richer than any other of similar size in the country"; the benefice was united with Lydiard Millicent in 1956. The two parishes were united in 1981 and following the 1989 building of a church in the Swindon suburb of Shaw, the parish was renamed West Swindon and the Lydiards in 1996. A reorganisation effective in 2018 saw the separation of Lydiard Millicent parish, today the church is part of the West Swindon and Lydiard Tregoze Church Partnership.
Parish registers are kept in the Wiltshire and Swindon Archives. The medieval wall paintings were included in the Church of England's "100 Church Treasures" campaign, an appeal launched in 2013 which addresses the 100 artworks most in need of conservation. Beginning in 2016, the Lydiard Park Heritage Trust was awarded grants from the Heritage Lottery Fund towards a £1m project to restore and improve the interior of the church. Lydiard Park was the home of the St John family from 1420 until 1940. In 1943, the local authority, the Corporation of Swindon, bought the dilapidated house and its overgrown park from the estate trustees; the estate now belongs to the successor of the Corporation. The parkland is operated as a country entertainment venue. See Viscount Bolingbroke for notable members of the St John family. Giles Mompesson, a politician, sentenced for corruption, erected a monument in the church following the death of his wife Katherine in 1633; the Wilts & Berks Canal crossed the parish. The Great Western Main Line railway follows a similar route.
Wimborne Minster (church)
Wimborne Minster, known locally as the Minster, is the parish church of Wimborne, England. The Minster is recognised for its unusual chained library; the Minster is a former monastery and Benedictine nunnery, King Æthelred of Wessex is buried there. The Minster is dedicated to Saint Cuthburga who founded a Benedictine abbey of nuns at the present day minster c. 705. Saint Walpurga was educated in the monastery, where she spent 26 years before travelling to Germany, following the missionary call of her mother's brother Saint Boniface. Leoba was educated in this place. A monastery for men was built around this time, adjacent to the abbey. Over the next hundred years the abbey and monastery grew in importance. In 871 King Ethelred I of Wessex, elder brother of Alfred the Great, was buried in the minster. Alfred was succeeded by his son Edward the Elder in 899, Ethelred's son Ethelwold and attempted to claim the throne, he seized a nun of Wimborne, made a stand there because of its symbolic importance as his father's burial place, but he was unable to gain enough support to fight Edward and fled to the Vikings of Northumbria.
The women's monastery was destroyed by the Danes in 1013 during one of their incursions into Wessex and never rebuilt, though the main abbey building survived. In 1043 Edward the Confessor founded a college of secular canons, consisting of a dean, four prebends, four vicars, four deacons, five singers at the minster; the minster was remodelled and rebuilt by the Normans between 1120 and 1180, to support that institution. In 1318 Edward II issued a document that made the minster a Royal Peculiar which exempted it from all diocesan jurisdiction; the choir used to wear a legacy of this peculiar. Similar robes of this type are worn in Westminster St George's Chapel at Windsor Castle. In 1496 Lady Margaret Beaufort, great-granddaughter of John of Gaunt and mother of Henry VII, founded a small chapel in the minster. With the reign of Henry VIII the remaining parts of the monastery were adopted into part of the minster to avoid being destroyed; however much of the wealth of the minster was confiscated by King Henry VIII.
In 1562 a grant was obtained from Queen Elizabeth I by which part of the property belonging to the college, together with all ecclesiastical rights and prerogatives was returned to Wimborne and vested in twelve governors. The charter was surrendered to James I and a new charter was obtained from Charles I at a cost of £1,000 with the addition of an organist and singing men. During the Civil War, when Charles I was beheaded, his coat of arms was painted out from the wall of the minster, but on the restoration of Charles II the arms were speedily replaced and have now been restored. In 1846 the Royal Peculiar was abolished, now all that remains of the old order is the control by 12 governors of some of the minster affairs; the church was renovated towards the end of the 19th century and its last addition, a vestry was added at the same time. Today the church is a place of worship for the local community and visitors; the central tower and nave were founded in Saxon times, but the surviving building is predominantly Norman in design and construction, with Gothic components from various periods.
One of its more famous architectural features include a working astronomical clock, which rings every hour and is represented in the form of a colourful quarterjack. The minster is built in a combination of Dorset limestone and New Forest stone; the central length of the minster is 198 feet. The width, except the transepts, varies from 23 feet in the nave to 21 feet in the choir; the western tower of the minster is 95 feet high. The smaller tower of the minster, above the transepts, is 84 feet; the 13th-century spire which once topped this tower fell down in a storm around 1600. It is a Grade I listed building; until it was confiscated during Henry VIII's reign, the old Treasury held the wealth of the minster and numerous artefacts such as a piece of the true cross, wood from The Manger and cloth from The Shroud. Since 1686 it has housed an important chained library; the chained library was one of the first public libraries in the UK, it remains the second-largest. Some of the collections of the library include a manuscript written on lambskin in 1343, a book bound for the Court of Henry VIII, an incunabulum printed in 1495 on the works of Saint Anselm, a Paraphrase of Erasmus printed in 1522 with a title page designed by Holbein.
The library is run by volunteers and remains open to the public on week days 10.30-12.30 & 2-4. Since 1911 the west tower at the minster has been home to a ring of ten bells; the original tenor bell was housed in the central tower and was cast in 1385. The central tower was considered too structurally weak to add much more additional weight, so in 1464 the west tower was constructed in order to house five bells. In 1629 the tenor bell was recast. Besides the tenor, the minster at this time was home to the'Bell of St. Cuthburga','The Fyfer Bell','The Jesus Bell' and'The Morrow Mass Bell'. In 2012, the bells were augmented to 12 by Whitechapel Bell Foundry, with an additional semitone bell cast to make a total of 13 bells; the organ was built in 1664 by Robert Hayward, of Bath. There are a number of ranks of pipes, still functioning in the present instrument, which date from this time; the organ stood upon a screen which separated the nave from the choir. However, in 1856 the organist at t
John Scrope, 5th Baron Scrope of Bolton
John Scrope, 5th Baron Scrope of Bolton, KG was an English Yorkist nobleman. Born at Bolton Castle, the eldest son of Henry Scrope, 4th Baron Scrope of Bolton and Elizabeth Scrope, he inherited his title on the death of his father in 1459, he was invested as a knight before 1460 while serving as a Commissioner of the Peace for York. As a Yorkist sympathiser, he fought for the Earl of Warwick at the Battle of Northampton and was injured at the Battle of Towton, he was at the Battle of Hexham. He was invested as a Knight of the Garter by Edward IV in 1463. In 1475 he joined the king with 200 archers to invade France. In 1482 he led the van of the English army under the Earl of Northumberland, he served the crown on a variety of important commissions. In 1485 he supported the Yorkist Richard III at the Battle of Bosworth but was pardoned by the victor Henry VII at the intercession of the King's mother, the half-sister of his second wife Elizabeth. After the accession of Henry VII he supported the Yorkist pretender Lambert Simnel and in 1487, with Thomas, 6th Baron Scrope of Masham, made an unsuccessful attack on Bootham Bar in York, This time he had to pay a heavy fine and remain within the London area.
In 1497 he assisted in raising the siege of Norham Castle. On his death in 1498, his title passed to his son and heir, Henry Scrope, 6th Baron Scrope of Bolton, his daughter, Mary Scrope, married 1st Baron Conyers. John Scrope married, firstly in 1447, Joan FitzHugh, daughter of William FitzHugh, 4th Baron FitzHugh and Margery Willoughby, their son and heir was Henry Scrope. He married secondly, before 10 December 1471, Elizabeth St John, daughter of Sir Oliver St John and Margaret Beauchamp of Bletso, maternal grandmother of King Henry VII of England, she was the widow of William Zouche, 5th Baron Zouche of Harringworth. In 1470, Elizabeth was godmother to the future King Edward V of England, her loyalty to the House of York was suspect since she was the half-sister of Lady Margaret Beaufort, the mother of the future King Henry VII. John and Elizabeth were proclaimed loyalists to the House of Lancaster, yet John seemed to stick by the Yorkist side, their daughter Mary Scrope became Baroness Conyers, as wife of William Conyers, 1st Baron Conyers.
He married thirdly, after 9 February 1490/1, Anne Harling and heir of Sir Robert Harling, widow of Sir Robert Wingfield, MP. Jones, Michael K.. The King's Mother. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-44794-2. Richardson, Douglas. Everingham, Kimball G. ed. Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families. 3. Salt Lake City. ISBN 978-1-4499-6638-6. Richardson, Douglas. Everingham, Kimball G. ed. Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families. 4. Salt Lake City. ISBN 978-1-4609-9270-8. Rayment, Leigh. "Baron Scrope of Bolton". Australia. Retrieved 2018-04-01. Biography Tait, James. "Scrope, John le, fifth Baron Scrope of Bolton". In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography. 51. London: Smith, Elder & Co. Lundy, Darryl. "John Scrope, 5th Lord Scrope of Bolton". The Peerage