Tyne and Wear Metro
The Tyne and Wear Metro, referred to locally as the Metro, is a rapid transit and light rail system in North East England, serving Newcastle upon Tyne, South Tyneside, North Tyneside and Sunderland in Tyne and Wear. It has been described as the first modern light rail system in the United Kingdom; the initial network opened between 1980 and 1984, using converted former railway lines, linked with new tunnel infrastructure. Extensions to the original network were opened in 1991 and 2002. In 2017/18 over 36 million passenger journeys were made on the network, which spans 77.5 kilometres and has two lines with a total of 60 stations, nine of which are underground. It is the second-largest of the four metro systems in the United Kingdom, after the London Underground; the system is operated by the local transport authority Nexus. Between 2010 and 2017 it was operated under contract by DB Regio Tyne & Wear Limited, a subsidiary of Arriva UK Trains. On 1 April 2017, this contract ended, Nexus took over direct operation of the system for a planned period of two years.
The present system uses much former railway infrastructure constructed between 1834 and 1882, with one of the oldest parts being the Newcastle & North Shields Railway which opened in 1839. In 1904, in response to tramway competition, taking away passengers, the North Eastern Railway started electrifying parts of their local railway network north of the River Tyne with a 600 V DC third-rail system, forming one of the earliest suburban electric networks, known as the Tyneside Electrics. In 1938, the line south of the Tyne between Newcastle and South Shields was electrified. In the 1960s under British Rail, the decision was made to de-electrify the Tyneside Electric network, convert it to diesel operation due to falling passenger numbers, the cost of renewing end of life electrical infrastructure and rolling stock; the Newcastle-South Shields line was de-electrified in 1963, the north Tyneside routes were de-electrified in 1967. This was viewed as a backward step, as the diesel trains were slower than the electric trains they replaced.
In the early 1970s, the poor local transport system was identified as one of the main factors holding back the region's economy, in 1971 a study was commissioned by the created Tyneside Passenger Transport Authority into how the transport system could be improved. This new system was intended to be the core of a new integrated transport network, with buses acting as feeders to purpose-built transport interchanges; the plans were approved by the Tyneside Metropolitan Railway Bill, passed by Parliament in July 1973. Around 70% of the funding for the scheme came from a central government grant, with the remainder coming from local sources. Three railway lines, totalling 26 miles were to be converted into Metro lines as part of the initial system; the converted railway lines were to be connected by around six miles of new infrastructure, built both to separate the Metro from the existing rail network, to create the new underground routes under Newcastle and Gateshead. Around four miles of the new infrastructure was in tunnels, while the remainder was either at ground level or elevated.
The elevated sections included the Queen Elizabeth II Bridge. Construction work began in October 1974, it was intended to be opened in stages between 1979 and 1981, however the first part of the original network opened in August 1980, the remainder opened in stages until March 1984. The final cost of the project in 1984 prices was £265 million; some extensions to the original system have since been built. A short 3.5 km extension from Bank Foot to Newcastle Airport was opened in 1991, using a further part of the former Ponteland branch. In 2002 an 18.5 km extension was opened from Pelaw to South Hylton via Sunderland. Costing £100 million, this extension used part of the existing Durham Coast Line to Sunderland, but did not take it over. Three intermediate stations on the route were rebuilt, three new ones were added. Within Sunderland, 4.5 km of a former freight line, abandoned in 1984 was reused for the route between Sunderland station and South Hylton, becoming the second Metro segment to be built on a disused line.
The opening dates of the services and stations are as follows: The Tyne and Wear Metro was the first railway in the UK to operate using the metric system
St Paul's Girls' School
St Paul's Girls' School is an independent day school for girls, located in Brook Green, Hammersmith, in West London, England. St Paul's Girls' School was founded by the Worshipful Company of Mercers in 1904, using part of the endowment of the foundation set up by John Colet, to create a girls' school to complement the boys' school he had founded in the sixteenth century; the governors hold proprietorial responsibility, some are representatives of the Universities of Oxford and London. The buildings for the school were designed by the architect Gerald Horsley, son of the painter John Callcott Horsley and one of the founder members of the Art Workers Guild; the school has had several distinguished directors of music, most notably Gustav Holst and Herbert Howells. Holst composed his St Paul Brook Green suites for the pupils at the school. Holst composed what is arguably his best known work, "The Planets", while teaching at St Paul's. John Linton Gardener held a part-time position as director of music at the school.
St Paul's girls have performed well in the GCSEs and A Levels. Over half of girls at the school get all A*s in their GCSEs and many take extra languages or maths GCSEs. In 2014, 99.3% of GCSEs were graded at A*s or As with 93.6% graded at A* alone. This was the highest A* percentage achieved by the school and in the country. In 2016, the school achieved the highest A Level results in its history with 60.0% of entries achieving an A* grade and 93.8% of entries achieving A* or A grades. GCSE summary: last five years A level summary: last five years Gustav Holst was Director of Music at the school during the period he composed his orchestral suites, including St Paul's Suite and The Planets. Gardner wrote many memorable pieces for the school, including his popular Christmas carols Tomorrow Shall be My Dancing Day and The Holly and the Ivy; the school's main theatre, where most school productions are staged, is named after alumna Celia Johnson. Other productions are staged in the drama studio, a smaller space.
The school awards means-tested bursaries to students who join in Y7 and for students arriving in Y12. Bursaries fund up to 100% of tuition fees on a sliding scale depending on family income and assets, plus exam entry fees and a grant towards textbooks. Holders of 100% bursaries entering in Y12 receive an extra package to cover additional expenses, such as the cost of sports equipment and music tuition. Year 7: The school awards up to four academic scholarships and about three or four music scholarships to 11+ entrants. Year 12: The school may award music scholarships to current students and to new joiners, two art scholarships to internal and external candidates; the Nora Day music scholarship is awarded every other year to a new joiner who shows exceptional musical potential. The school awards scholarships worth £250 a year for academic distinction in the "Senior Scholarship", a dissertation written by students in the summer holiday following Y12; the school logo is a Grecian laurel wreath.
In 2007, this logo was replaced by High Mistress Clarissa Farr with a blossoming rose, chosen to suggest potential. The change provoked much opposition from students within the school, an article in the Daily Mail; the traditional wreath was retained as the symbol of the Old Paulina Alumnae Association. In 2013 it was announced; the headmistress of St Paul's Girls School is known as the High Mistress. Frances Ralph Grey, High Mistress 1903–1927 Ethel Strudwick CBE, High Mistress 1927–1948, daughter of the Pre-Raphaelite painter John Melhuish Strudwick Margaret Osborn, High Mistress 1948–1963 Dame Alison Munro, High Mistress 1964–1974 Lady Brigstocke CBE, High Mistress 1974–1989 Helen Elizabeth Webber Williams, High Mistress 1989–1992 Janet Gough, High Mistress 1993–1998 Elizabeth Mary Diggory, High Mistress 1998–2006 Clarissa Mary Farr, High Mistress 2006–2017 Sarah Fletcher, High Mistress 2017–present Alumnae of the school, known as "Old Paulinas", include: Thomasina Miers – Chef and founder of Wahaca restaurant chain Sheila Forbes – Principal, St Hilda's College, Oxford Jessica Rawson – Warden, Merton College, Oxford Barbara Reynolds – scholar Joan Robinson – economist Myrtle Solomon – pacifist and former Chair War Resisters' International Dame Sonia Proudman QC – High Court Judge Rosalind Wright CB QC – Director Serious Fraud Office Anne-Marie Trevelyan, Conservative MP Jane Bonham Carter – Liberal Democrat peer Harriet Harman – Labour MP, former Acting Leader of the Labour Party, former Leader of the Opposition and former Cabinet minister Susan Kramer – former Liberal Democrat MP Jo Valentine, Baroness Valentine – member of the British House of Lords Mavis Tate – Conservative MP and women's rights campaigner Vicky Ford, Conservative MP and MEP Shirley Williams – former Labour Education Secretary and co-founder of the Social Democratic Party Eirene White, Baroness White – Labour Minister of State life peer Ruth Bowden – anatomist Rosalind Franklin – scientist, research led to discovery of the structure of DNA Jean Ginsburg – physiologist, endocrinologist Christine Hamill – mathematician Kathleen Kenyon – archaeologist Irene Manton, FRS – botanist Sidnie Manton, FRS – entomologist Onora O'Neill – phi
Order of the British Empire
The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire is a British order of chivalry, rewarding contributions to the arts and sciences, work with charitable and welfare organisations, public service outside the civil service. It was established on 4 June 1917 by King George V and comprises five classes across both civil and military divisions, the most senior two of which make the recipient either a knight if male or dame if female. There is the related British Empire Medal, whose recipients are affiliated with, but not members of, the order. Recommendations for appointments to the Order of the British Empire were made on the nomination of the United Kingdom, the self-governing Dominions of the Empire and the Viceroy of India. Nominations continue today from Commonwealth countries that participate in recommending British honours. Most Commonwealth countries ceased recommendations for appointments to the Order of the British Empire when they created their own honours; the five classes of appointment to the Order are, in descending order of precedence: Knight Grand Cross or Dame Grand Cross of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire Knight Commander or Dame Commander of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire Commander of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire Officer of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire Member of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire The senior two ranks of Knight or Dame Grand Cross, Knight or Dame Commander, entitle their members to use the title of Sir for men and Dame for women before their forename.
Most members are citizens of the United Kingdom or the Commonwealth realms that use the Imperial system of honours and awards. Honorary knighthoods are appointed to citizens of nations where the Queen is not head of state, may permit use of post-nominal letters but not the title of Sir or Dame. Honorary appointees are, referred to as Sir or Dame – Bob Geldof, for example. Honorary appointees who become a citizen of a Commonwealth realm can convert their appointment from honorary to substantive enjoy all privileges of membership of the order, including use of the title of Sir and Dame for the senior two ranks of the Order. An example is Irish broadcaster Terry Wogan, appointed an honorary Knight Commander of the Order in 2005, on successful application for British citizenship, held alongside his Irish citizenship, was made a substantive member and subsequently styled as Sir Terry Wogan. King George V founded the Order to fill gaps in the British honours system: The Orders of the Garter, of St Patrick honoured royals, peers and eminent military commanders.
In particular, King George V wished to create an Order to honour many thousands of those who had served in a variety of non-combatant roles during the First World War. When first established, the Order had only one division. However, in 1918, soon after its foundation, it was formally divided into Military and Civil Divisions; the Order's motto is For the Empire. At the foundation of the Order, the'Medal of the Order of the British Empire' was instituted, to serve as a lower award granting recipients affiliation but not membership. In 1922, this was renamed the'British Empire Medal', it stopped being awarded by the United Kingdom as part of the 1993 reforms to the honours system, but was again awarded beginning in 2012, starting with 293 BEMs awarded for Queen Elizabeth II's Diamond Jubilee. In addition, the BEM is awarded by some other Commonwealth nations. In 2004, a report entitled "A Matter of Honour: Reforming Our Honours System" by a Commons committee recommended to phase out the Order of the British Empire, as its title was "now considered to be unacceptable, being thought to embody values that are no longer shared by many of the country's population".
The British monarch is Sovereign of the Order, appoints all other members of the Order. The next most senior member is the Grand Master, of whom there have been three: Prince Edward, the Prince of Wales; the Order is limited to 300 Knights and Dames Grand Cross, 845 Knights and Dames Commander, 8,960 Commanders. There are no limits applied to the total number of members of the fourth and fifth classes, but no more than 858 Officers and 1,464 Members may be appointed per year. Foreign appointees, as honorary members, do not contribute to the numbers restricted to the Order as full members do. Although the Order of the British Empire has by far the highest number of members of the British Orders of Chivalry, with over 100,000 living members worldwide, there are fewer appointments to knighthoods than in other orders. Though men can be knighted separately from an order of chivalry, women cannot, so the rank of Knight/Dame Commander of the Order is the lowest rank of damehood, second-lowest of knighthood.
Because of this, an appointment as Dame Commander is made in circumstances in which a man would be created a Knight Bachelor. For example, by convention, female judges of the High Court of Justice are created Dames Commander after appointment, while male judges
Road signs in the United Kingdom
Road signs used in the United Kingdom conform broadly to European norms, though a number of signs are unique and direction signs omit European route numbers. There is a vast range of signs in use on British roads, from directional sign posts, to signs warning of possible hazards ahead, regulatory signs instructing motorists to perform certain actions. Modern British road signage can be traced to the development of the "ordinary" bicycle and the establishment of clubs to further the interests of its riders, notably the Cyclists' Touring Club, the National Cyclists' Union and the Scottish Cyclists' Union. By the early 1880s all three organisations were erecting their own cast-iron "danger boards"; these signs warned of hazards, rather than just stating distances and/or giving direction to places, acknowledging the fact that cyclists, like modern motorists, were unlikely to be familiar with the roads they were travelling along and were travelling too fast to take avoiding action without prior warning.
In addition, it was the cycling lobby that pressured government in 1888 into vesting ownership of and responsibility for roads with county councils in established highway districts that would be funded from taxation rather than tolls. The HDs were active in the erection of semi-standardised directional signs and mileposts in the latter years of the 19th century; the rise of motoring after 1896 saw. The larger motoring clubs, notably The Automobile Association and the Royal Scottish Automobile Club erected their own, idiosyncratic warning boards and direction signs on a wide scale. In addition, under the Motor Car Act 1903, four national signs were created, supposed to be set at least 8 ft from the ground and 50 yards from the reference point; these signs were interesting in being based on shape, rather than image. These latter two could be given detail by the attachment of an information plate below, but it was left to the motorist to guess what the sign was referring to and local variations as to the definition of what was a prohibition or just a "notice", for instance, were common.
In spite of this confusing beginning, this format of sign was to develop into the British road sign, standard from 1934 until 1964. Before this time, until 1933, when regulations for traffic signs were published under powers created by the Road Traffic Act 1930, "national" road signage specifications were only advisory. Following a review of'national' signage in 1921 a limited number of warning and hazard information plates were enhanced by the use of symbols, rather than text only; such symbols had been developed in continental Europe as early as 1909, but had been dismissed by the UK, which favoured the use of text. The symbols were simple silhouettes, easy to'read' at a distance; some were peculiarly British:'SCHOOL' depicted by the flaming torch of knowledge. The government was to make increasing efforts to standardise road signs in the Road Traffic Act 1930 and regulations of 1933, being consolidated with the publication of the 1934 Road Traffic Acts and Regulations handbook; these saw the end of the individual black and yellow vitreous enamel AA signs.
While the RSAC had ceased erecting signs, the Royal Automobile Club had begun to do so to RTA specifications and was active in this respect in the late-1930s. The national British signs were now a red disc, a red open triangle, a red ring, a red open triangle in a ring for the new warning with order'SLOW - MAJOR ROAD AHEAD' and'HALT AT MAJOR ROAD AHEAD' plates. All signs were to carry information plates mounted below them, the warnings or hazards being illustrated with a wide range of prescribed symbols, but with a text panel below, being only text where no symbol existed. Lettering and symbols were black on a white ground except for orders. New to the UK were the first combination sign, which incorporated information on the sign itself, the 30 miles per hour speed restriction, with'30' in black letters on a white disc surrounded by a red ring, it was accompanied by its'derestriction' a white disc with a diagonal black band bisecting it. Neither of these signs required separate information plates.
The 1934 RTA&R clarified direction and distance signage which remained in that form until 1964. All signs were mounted on posts painted in black and white stripes, their reverse sides were finished black, green, or more white. The'HALT' plate was unique in being T-shaped. Sizes were prescribed, the warning plate being 21 by 12 inches with the surmounting triangle 18 inches equal. In preparation for invasion during World War II, all navigational signposts and railway station signs were removed, to confuse potential enemy ground movements; the national signs were subject to minor modification in the early post-World War II years. For instance,'SCHOOL' became a schoolboy and girl marching off a kerb,'CHILDREN' a boy and girl playing handball on a kerb's edge. A train'CROSSING NO GATES' was given a more toy-like locomotive. Meanwhile, the triang
Arts University Bournemouth
Arts University Bournemouth is a further and higher education university based in Poole, United Kingdom, specialising in art, performance and media. It was known as The Arts University College at Bournemouth and The Arts Institute at Bournemouth. AUB is the second largest university in Poole. Bournemouth University being much larger and AECC University College being smaller; the university was awarded Gold in the 2017 Teaching Excellence Framework, a government assessment of the quality of undergraduate teaching in universities and other higher education providers in England. This award noted high levels of professional employment among graduates. Higher Education Statistics Agency data from 2013/14 showed that Arts University Bournemouth had the highest percentage of graduates entering employment and/or further study within six months of graduation for any university in the United Kingdom, at 97.4%. The first art school in Bournemouth was the Bournemouth Government School of Art, established in 1880.
There was a considerable demand in Bournemouth at that time for instruction in Art and the numbers in the art school soon rose to 180. In 1884, the school became a Art school. In 1885 the Bournemouth School of Science and Art moved to 1 Regent's Terrace, in Old Christchurch Road, where it remained until 1890; when the Bournemouth School of Science and Art was forced to close due to a decrease in numbers and loss of grant in 1890–91, the majority of its students were transferred to the Bournemouth West School of Science and Art. In 1913, the two Science and Art Schools at Bournemouth East and Bournemouth West were incorporated into the Bournemouth and Poole College of Art and Design along with the Technical and Commercial Schools. All art subjects came under the umbrella of the School of Art within the Bournemouth Municipal College. In 1964, Bournemouth and Poole College of Art was formed through the merger of Bournemouth Municipal College of Art and Poole College of Art; the name was changed to Bournemouth and Poole College of Art and Design in 1979.
The first new building on the present campus was built at a cost of £ 2.3 million. In 1998, the name was changed to The Arts Institute at Bournemouth and won a Queen's Anniversary Prize for "Education in the film industry". In 2001 the AIB became a higher education institution; the AIB was one of only a few higher education institutions at the time that focused on creative work in contemporary art, design and performance. In 2009 the Arts Institute Bournemouth changed its name to the Arts University College at Bournemouth following the acquisition of taught degree awarding powers in 2008. In June 2012 the Government announced that the qualifying threshold required by an institution in order to gain full university status was to be lowered from 4,000 to 1,000 full-time higher education students; the Arts University College at Bournemouth satisfied this criterion for full university title and became Arts University Bournemouth following approval from the Privy Council on 13 December 2012. Bournemouth Film School was established in 1963 as part of a Cine pathway within the Bournemouth and Poole College of Art and Design by Reginald Johnson.
The Bournemouth Film School is a registered trademark owned by the Arts University Bournemouth. In 2016 Bournemouth Film School celebrated over 50 years of excellence. Arts University Bournemouth is a full member of CILECT. BFS is made up of: BA Film Production, MA Film Practice, BA Animation Production, MA Animation Production, BA Visual Effects for Film and Television, BA Make-Up for Media and Performance, BA Costume and Performance Design, BA Acting and BA Creative Writing. Most courses are based within one campus, located in Poole, next to Bournemouth University and Wallisdown; the Campus covers around 3.7 hectares and houses 19 buildings with specialist workshops and workspaces, many of which are shared across similar courses. The BA Dance course is based at Pavilion dance South West. Notable facilities include: The Library – Over 50,000 books available covering a range of art, design and performance subjects; the Refectory – Was a semi-finalist in the Bournemouth and Poole Tourism Awards 2018 "Breakfast of the Year" category TheGallery – A gallery open to the public displaying both international touring exhibitions, work from alumni and students.
MoDiP – The only accredited museum in the UK with a focus on plastics. MoDiP is located inside the AUB library. North Building Extension – A building for photography courses offering flexible teaching spaces, IT suites, a lecture theatre, shortlisted for the 2016 RIBA South West Awards, it was designed by Design Engine Architects Ltd. The CRAB Drawing Studio, an innovative building designed by the Cook-Robotham Architectural Bureau led by Professor Sir Peter Cook, shortlisted for the 2016 RIBA South West Awards, it is the first purpose-built drawing studio to open in the UK for 100 years, emphasising natural light and featuring a large circular north-light and a rear clerestory, which provides softer light. The Student Services Building, which houses the Students’ Union, facilities management; this building was shortlisted for the 2016 RIBA South West Awards. The university ranked 120 out of 151 in the 2015 The People & Planet Green League table with a total score of 31.1%. The Students’ Union at Arts University Bournemouth and AUB have formed a partnership with the Woodland Trust which will see a tree planted for each new student at AUB.
In 2016 Arts University Bournemouth announced its commitment to never invest in fossil fuels. AUB is governed
The Opel Insignia is a mid size/large family car engineered and produced by the German car manufacturer Opel. Production of the Insignia began as a replacement for the Vectra and Signum; the vehicle is sold under the Vauxhall marque in the United Kingdom, sold in North America and China as the Buick Regal. In Chile, the vehicle was due to be marketed as the Chevrolet Vectra, but is now sold as the Opel Insignia; the Insignia made its debut in Australia in August 2012, badged as an Opel but was dropped a year after the brand was withdrawn from the market. It was again launched in Australia under the Holden marque in 2015; the Insignia is produced in Opel's plant in Germany. The Opel Insignia Concept is a full-size luxury car presented by the German automaker Opel at the 2003 Frankfurt Motor Show in Germany; the car has a V8 engine from the Corvette with 344 PS. The Insignia Concept has a hydropneumatic suspension system, a pantograph like mechanism for the rear sliding doors, LED lighting technology.
In the beginning of 2005, it was announced by Opel that this concept car will not be built, because it would be too heavy and too expensive. This vehicle remained therefore a pure concept study. However, this concept car inspired the 2015 Buick Avenir. In December 2006, What Car? announced that Vauxhall was to ditch the Vectra nameplate from the previous model. General Motors Europe president, Carl-Peter Forster, leaked the news to BusinessCar, explaining that the all new car would be "a radical departure" from the current model, that the "Vectra" name would be dropped to reflect this change. In March 2007, What Car? reported the car would première at the 2008 British International Motor Show. It was thought it would première at the 2008 Geneva Motor Show. In October 2005, Auto Express produced. In September 2007, What Car? produced computer generated images, showing what the replacement would look like. That month, What Car? gave an update, confirming the car would première in London, thanks to the success of the Corsa C.
In November 2007, What Car? announced that Vauxhall had confirmed that the successor's name would be Insignia. The Insignia debuted at the 2008 British International Motor Show in London on 23 July as the Opel/Vauxhall Insignia; this reflected the Vauxhall brand, unique to the United Kingdom. It went on sale in European dealerships in October 2008 as a four door fastback / saloon, five door estate, dubbed Sports Tourer – a departure for Opel which traditionally used the "Caravan" name to denote the estate bodystyle; the Insignia was the first production car to be based on the Epsilon II platform, used on other models such as the 2010 Saab 9-5 and the Chevrolet Malibu. The Insignia was the first car to debut new badges for both the Opel and Vauxhall brands, for Vauxhall, it was the first car to dispense with the characteristic "V" grille that has adorned Vauxhall models since 1994, which differentiated them from the otherwise identical Opel models; the Insignia was the first Opel to debut many new and improved safety features, including: Adaptive Forward Lighting – bi-xenon, gas discharge headlamps with variable light beam distribution in width and range.
Advanced Front-Lighting System, static cornering light, complemented by daytime running lights with LEDs. Sensors and software monitor the surroundings and weather conditions so that the system can activate the appropriate lighting function. Opel Eye – This uses a camera at the top of the windscreen to monitor the area in front of the vehicle. Information from the camera is continuously analysed to identify road markings and traffic signs. Road markings are used as the basis of the first of Opel Eye’s two functions: lane departure warning. Traffic signs are recognised and indicated to the driver in the second function: traffic sign memory. At speeds above 60 km/h, Opel Eye warns the driver if the car is about to veer inadvertently out of the lane in which it is travelling; the system can detect road markings and. The Insignia was the first production car to feature a dual function frontal camera with traffic sign recognition. Despite its global presence, the Opel Insignia has never been sold in Japan, as Opel had withdrawn from the Japanese market before launching this model.
Design wise, the Insignia offers 30 mm more knee room than the Vectra. The saloon and fastback variants have wheelbase of 2.73 m. The estate version is longer at 4.91 m on the same wheelbase. In the beginning of 2009, Opel revealed the Insignia OPC, a high performance variant of the Insignia. Like the preceding Vectra OPC, it is powered by a 2.8 litre turbocharged V6. The updated engine makes 239 kW and 435 N⋅m. Of this 435, 400 N⋅m are available from 2,000 rpm, it is paired with a six speed manual transmission / six-speed automatic transmission and Saab's active all wheel drive system. The Insignia OPC has a modified MacPherson strut front suspension called HiPerStrut which reduces torque steer. Standard is an electronic limited slip differential for the rear wheels and Opel's FlexRide adaptive suspension, which has three settings. An OPC version of the Insignia Sports Tourer wagon has been unveiled and is on sale. In April 2011, Opel launched the Insignia OPC Unlimited, with no speed limiter; the Opel Insignia Country Tourer made its world premiere at the Frankfurt Motor Show in September 2
Margaret Vivienne Calvert is a British typographer and graphic designer who, with colleague Jock Kinneir, designed many of the road signs used throughout the United Kingdom, as well as the Transport font used on road signs, the Rail Alphabet font used on the British railway system, an early version of the signs used in airports. The typeface developed by Calvert and Kinneir was further developed into New Transport and used for the single domain GOV. UK website in the United Kingdom. Born in South Africa, Calvert moved to England in 1950, where she studied at St Paul's Girls' School and at the Chelsea College of Art. Kinneir, her tutor there, asked her to help him design the signs for Gatwick Airport, where they chose the black on yellow scheme for the signs after researching the most effective combination. In 1957, Kinneir was appointed head of signs for Britain's roads, he hired Calvert to redesign the road sign system and she came up with simple, easy-to-understand pictograms, including the signs for'men at work','farm animals', and'schoolchildren nearby', using the European protocol of triangular signs for warnings, circles for mandatory restrictions.
The Worboys Committee was formed by the British government in July 1963 to review signage on all British roads. In addition to her road signs, she has designed commercial fonts for Monotype, including the eponymous Calvert font, a slab serif design which she created in 1980 for use on the Tyne and Wear Metro system, she was awarded an honorary degree by the University of the Arts London in 2004. She appeared on Top Gear on 3 January 2010 talking about the design process of the UK road signs. James May interviewed her in a 2009 Vauxhall Insignia. In 2015 she was presented with the D&AD President's Award. Calvert was appointed Officer of the Order of the British Empire in the 2016 Birthday Honours for services to typography and road safety. In June 2018 Calvert was awarded an Honorary Fellowship by Arts University Bournemouth alongside dancer Darcey Bussell, costume designer Jenny Beavan OBE and director and screenwriter Edgar Wright. Sears, Neil. "After 40 Years, The Girl On The School Sign Steps Out @ Nostalgia Central".
Daily Mail. Archived from the original on 30 October 2005. Retrieved 17 November 2005. Hilliard Selka, Elizabeth. "Margaret Calvert interview: Caution: woman at work". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 13 March 2016. "Design Museum – Jock Kinneir + Margaret Calvert". Design Museum. Retrieved 9 December 2011. Keep it Simple: interview by Francesco Padovani The Brits Who Designed the Modern World Artsnight - Series 4: 7, BBC Two MacMillan, Niel. An A–Z of Type Designers. London: Yale University Press. ISBN 9780300111514