63rd Academy Awards
During the ceremony, Academy Awards, were presented in 23 categories. The ceremony, which was televised in the United States on ABC, was produced by Gil Cates, Actor Billy Crystal hosted for the second consecutive year. Three weeks earlier in a ceremony held at The Beverly Hilton in Beverly Hills, California on March 2, Dances with Wolves won seven awards including Best Picture. The telecast garnered nearly 43 million viewers in the United States, the nominees for the 63rd Academy Awards were announced on February 13,1991, at 5,38 a. m. PST at the Samuel Goldwyn Theater in Beverly Hills, California, by Karl Malden, president of the Academy, Dances with Wolves led the nominations with twelve total, Dick Tracy and The Godfather Part III tied for second with seven each. The winners were announced during the ceremony on March 25,1991. Kevin Costner became the person to earn the Best Director Award for his directorial debut and to earn nominations for Best Actor. Best Supporting Actress winner Whoopi Goldberg was the second African American woman to win an award, hattie McDaniel previously won in the same aforementioned category for Gone With the Wind.
Winners are listed first, highlighted in boldface and indicated with a double-dagger, Academy Honorary Awards Sophia Loren One of the genuine treasures of world cinema who, in a career rich with memorable performances, has added permanent luster to our art form. Myrna Loy In recognition of her extraordinary qualities both on screen and off, with appreciation for a lifetime’s worth of indelible performances, irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award David Brown and Richard D. Two months before the gala, Cates selected actor and comedian Billy Crystal to host the show for the second consecutive year. In a statement released by AMPAS, Crystal joked, Its a great honor, as with the last years theme of Around the World in 3 1/2 Hours, Cates centered the show around a theme. He christened the ceremony with the theme 100 Years of Film in celebration to the centennial of the development of both the kinetoscope by Thomas Edison and celluloid film by Eastman Kodak, in tandem with the theme, the show featured an ambitious opening segment.
Actor Michael Caine introduced the segment live via satellite from the Salon Indien du Grand Café in Paris, where the short film LArrivée dun train en gare de La Ciotat made its debut in 1895. After a brief clip of the film, the cut back to the Shrine Auditorium stage where actress Jasmine Guy. Filmmaker Chuck Workman filmed a vignettes featuring actors such as Sally Field, Andy García, several other people participated in the production of the ceremony. Film composer and musician Bill Conti served as director for the ceremony. Dancer Debbie Allen choreographed a dancer number showcasing the Best Original Score nominees, despite losing eight members of her band in a plane crash, a visibly emotional Reba McEntire performed the Best Original Song nominee Im Checkin Out from the film Postcards from the Edge
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