Maria Island National Park occupies the whole of Maria Island off the east coast of Tasmania, Australia, 69 km northeast of Hobart or about 90 kilometres by road to Triabunna followed by a ferry ride. The island has had a mixed history, including two convict eras, two industrial eras, a farming era and becoming the national park that it is today. Maria Island is a mecca for visitors, providing an array of interests for the daytripper or overnight visitor to the island. Lieutenant Governor Arthur established a penal settlement at Darlington in 1825 for convicts whose crimes were not of'so flagrant a nature' that they should be sent to the notorious Macquarie Harbour settlement on Tasmania's west coast. A small party of soldiers under the command of Lieutenant Peter Murdoch, fifty male prisoners, arrived at the island aboard the ship Prince Leopold in March 1825. Housing was log and bark huts or tents. After the arrival of a new Commandant, Major Thomas Lord, in August, more permanent buildings were erected using bricks made on the island and sandstone excavated from the sea cliffs.
The commissariat store and the penitentiary can still be seen today and are the only surviving buildings from this era. Industries such as cloth and shoe-making, timber cutting, pottery were fostered. Frequent escape attempts, complaints about relaxed discipline and the opening of Port Arthur in 1830 led to the decision to abandon the settlement in 1832; the second convict era commenced in 1842. Under the probation system of the 1840s, convicts were withdrawn from private service and grouped together in government stations. Probation stations were established at Point Lesueur. Agricultural work was a key activity for convicts as there were in excess of 400 acres of crops to maintain. Officials and 600 male convicts in Darlington were housed in old and altered structures re-used from the first convict era, new buildings were erected. Overcrowding and ill-adapted buildings were constant problems. Maria Island's potential for wine and silk production, fruit-growing and tourist developments attracted an Italian entrepreneur, Diego Bernacchi.
In 1884 Bernacchi secured a long term lease of the island from the Tasmanian Government and the'Maria Island Company' was formed. Bernacchi renamed Darlington "San Diego", the little town soon had in excess of 250 residents of a variety of different nationalities. Bernacchi established; the opening of the Grand Hotel in 1888, complete with dining and accommodation rooms, saw the promotion of the island as a pleasure resort and sanatorium. Constructed during this era were the Coffee Palace, a row of workers' cottages known as the'Twelve Apostles' and six terraced cottages, built using bricks from the demolished convict separate apartment cells; some of the old convict buildings were re-modelled to house workers and shops. Bernacchi's family resided in the old religious instructor's house for a time. Sadly, the 208-cell apartment block from the second convict era was demolished and the bricks used to build other buildings and roads. Only two photographs exist today of this building. Although Bernacchi was enthusiastic, the Maria Island Company went into liquidation in 1892.
Bernacchi formed a new company for that purpose. It was short-lived, in 1896 Bernacchi and his family left for Melbourne, subsequently London. Afterwards, tourists continued to frequent the island where Rosa Adkins ran a boarding house in the former Coffee Palace. Diego Bernacchi returned to Maria Island, determined to exploit the limestone deposits for cement and expand on his initial plans; the National Portland Cement Company Ltd was formed in 1920. The annual report for 1923 revealed that a new 620-foot pier had been constructed and that buildings were being erected, including a 200 ft high chimney stack of reinforced concrete. A railway line conveyed limestone to the works. Machinery worth over £ 125,000 had been imported from London; the works were opened in February 1924. Community life prospered for the 500 or so residents. Social and sports clubs sprang up, dances were held and the old chapel was used as a cinema. A school was erected for the employees' children; the schoolmaster's house of this period is now the Ranger's Office.
Production problems were experienced at the works from an early stage, together with the effects of the Great Depression, caused the cessation of business in 1930. After the conclusion of the second industrial era, Maria Island became a quiet home to a few farming families. In particular, the Adkins, Howell, Robey and Haigh families spent many years on the island; the Adkins family in particular have a longer association with the island than any other name, with four generations of them calling the island home - commencing in the 1880s and continuing until the 1960s. A number of these families' names are cemented into the island's history by having buildings, farms or sites that still have their name; these include the Adkins' house, French's Farm, Robey's Farm, Hunt's Cottage, Howell's Farm and Haigh's Farm. Farming ended when the Tasmanian Government began purchasing properties from their owners in preparation for declaring the island a national park. In 1972 Maria Island was declared a national park.
From the late 1960s various species of fauna were released onto the island, including mammals and birds such as Cape Barren geese and emus. Emu numbers increased to an estimated 20-
Mariann Edgar Budde is the diocesan bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of Washington. She was consecrated as the ninth Bishop of Washington in the Washington National Cathedral on November 12, 2011. Prior to her election as Washington’s first female diocesan bishop, she served for 18 years as the rector of St. John’s Episcopal Church in Minneapolis, Minnesota. Budde completed her undergraduate work at the University of Rochester, earning a Bachelor of Arts degree in history magna cum laude in 1982, she received her Master of Divinity and Doctor of Ministry degrees from the Virginia Theological Seminary. In May 2012, she was awarded an honorary Doctor of Divinity degree from the same seminary. Budde is the author of Gathering up the Fragments: Preaching as Spiritual Practice. List of Episcopal bishops of the United States Historical list of the Episcopal bishops of the United States Episcopal Diocese of Washington website Profile on the Episcopal Diocese of Washington website Budde's sermons Profile on the Episcopal Church's website
Dryobalanops aromatica known as Borneo camphor, camphor tree, Malay camphor, or Sumatran camphor, is a species of plant in the Dipterocarpaceae family. The species name aromatica refers to the smell of the dammar; this species was one of the main sources of camphor and attracted early Arab traders to Borneo, at that time being worth more than gold, used for incense and perfumes. It is found in Peninsular Malaysia and Borneo, it is a large emergent tree, up to 65 m or 75 m tall, found in mixed dipterocarp forests on deep humic yellow sandy soils. It is a heavy hardwood sold under the trade names of Kapur, it is recorded from at least two protected areas. Bergenin, malaysianol A, ampelopsin E, α-viniferin, ε-viniferin and diptoindonesin A can be isolated from the stem bark of D. aromatica. Dryobalanops aromatica is one of several tree species known to exhibit a behavior called crown shyness
Jimmy Five, known as Cebolinha in Brazil, is one of Monica's Gang main characters. He was created in 1960, has his own printed comic book, called Cebolinha, which were first released in 1973, his English name is Jimmy Five due to his hair composed of only five strands. Jimmy's family name is "Cebola", he has a little baby sister called Mary Angela based on a real person. In the first adaptations of comics into English, the character's name was Stanley, Frizz. Jimmy Five first appeared in the second issue of the comic book Zaz Traz in 1960, as a supporting character for Franklin. Mauricio de Sousa, creator of Monica's Gang, says he based the character on a child he knew while growing up in Mogi das Cruzes, he was a friend of his brother Márcio, the boy would switch the letter "r" for "l" and, because of his pointy hair, he earned the nickname "cebolinha" from Márcio's and Mauricio's father. At first, he was a 4-year-old boy, a friend of Franklin and his gang, he was the youngest boy. In the first stories he was hairy, after Sousa returned to the newspaper strips, his design became more and more simple and began to be drawn with fewer hair strands.
Sousa liked the character and made him a separate protagonist of Franklin and Blu in 1961. He had several supporting friends in the first comic strips, with more prominence in Specs and Smudge as his best friends and sidekicks. After the introduction of Monica in the comic strips in 1963 he began to share the leading role with her over the years. In 1964 he came to have his current look with 5 hair strands. In 1970 with the release of the comic book, Monica became the title protagonist in place of Jimmy Five, but a comic book for Jimmy Five began to be published 3 years later. Jimmy Five is incapable of pronouncing the letter "r", replacing it with the letter l, in the Portuguese version, or with the letter w, in the English version; when the letter is used in the end of a word, however, he pronounces it normally. Out of the main cast of Monica's Gang he is the only one to wear shoes, he complains and despairs over his main physical feature - his lack of any hair other than five single strands.
His madcap attempts to rectify this causes him a great deal of grief. He was drawn with a full head of hair, which becomes a topic in his laments to the comic artist to "help him out" and restore his full head of hair, he is always plotting to steal either Samson or the title of "owner of the street" from Monica with his "infallible plans", which always end in failure because Smudge accidentally reveals to Monica that she is in a trap. On some stories, he gathers the other boys of the gang just to pick on Monica. In some earlier stories, he devised background plans to find out the secret of her strength, but he always ended up beaten by her. With these frictions and Monica are still friends to each other. In the futuristic special edition stories, they are portrayed as married or dating each other. Indeed, in Monica Teen, they are seen kissing, it was once revealed that Jimmy is not the first one in his family to have his famous speech impediment and that it caused all his relatives to believe he will never be able to pronounce'r'.
However, this is disproven in the Monica Teen stories, where he is said to take up speech-language pathology sessions to correct his speech impediment. Whereas his family was always composed of his mother and little sister, he once had a little brother, introduced in a 1972 story. Jimmy himself ended the story asking his readers to send name suggestions to Editora Abril, but the toddler ended up disappearing from the stories. Mauricio stated that he didn't have time to plan the continuation of his arrival, the character was never featured again. Mrs. Five – Jimmy's mother. Spends most of her time as a housekeeper, sometimes complaining about this, she is always worried about her weight. Mr. Five - Jimmy's father. Similar to Smudge's father, he is drawn as an adult Jimmy, the only differences being his nose and his height. He's affectionate to his family and hard working with his job at a local business company. Unlike Jimmy, he does not suffer from speech impairments. Mary Angela – Jimmy's little sister introduced in 1960 in the comic book Zaz Traz.
Her baby mind makes her a curious and active person, which leads Jimmy to near-insanity, as he is the one to look for her when his parents are not home. Mary is based on Mariângela Spada e Sousa. Fluffy – Jimmy's dog; the dog belonged to his cousin from the countryside, but ended up becoming Jimmy's. Due to his long hair, no one can tell his head from his tail, vice versa; this long hair caught many reader's eyes, after years of arguments between fans on what breed he belonged to it was announced his breed as being Lhasa Apso. Apart from his head and tail problem, another recurring gag in his strips is the fact that his long hair can hide plenty of objects. Nutty Ned – Nutty is a former psychiatric hospital inhabitant, no matter how hard the doctors try
"Trust Me" is the sixth episode of the first season of the period drama television series The Americans. It aired on FX in the United States on March 6, 2013. Philip and Elizabeth Jennings are concerned about the FBI's mole. Philip plans to meet with Martha Hanson, Agent Gaad's secretary, but while making plans at a phone booth, is abducted and thrown into a van. Back at the Jennings' home, hearing a noise upstairs, investigates, she is taken away by a second man. In an abandoned warehouse, Philip is tied to a chair and being interrogated by Cal who removes Philip's wig and glasses and calls him a "commie." He shows Philip his various passports under different aliases and plays conversations he had with Martha. Cal threatens to send Philip's children to Russia. Elizabeth is thrown into a small room with pictures of her family all over the wall. Philip's head is held under water in front of Elizabeth. Philip refuses to give them any names when they threaten to do the same to Elizabeth. Elizabeth asserts.
Claudia enters, revealing the abduction to be a ruse by the KGB. After the codes were changed and Elizabeth were the first suspects. Philip is furious that the KGB is questioning their loyalty, Claudia tells Elizabeth the decision went over Zhukov's head. Elizabeth submerges Claudia's head under water and badly beats her face, saying: "Tell whoever approved this that your face is a present from me to them." After leaving the warehouse, Philip wonders. He accuses her of telling them that he considered defecting, but she denies this, saying that she told them he liked living in the U. S. too much. Meanwhile and Henry are stranded while their parents are missing. Paige decides to hitchhike, despite Henry's reservations, they are picked up by Nick. Nick takes a detour. Nick's behavior changes – he offers Paige a beer, tells her that she'll be attractive in a few years, talks about his faith in God, stating, "Without a higher power, we’re no better than wild dogs." Henry, who notices a knife on Nick, takes a beer bottle and smashes it across his head as he and Paige escape.
Agent Gaad hands Stan Beeman a file on the shooting of Adam Dorwin. He tells him that Dorwin was murdered at the same time the FBI were tracking Vasili and informs him of the missing defense blueprints. Stan meets up with Nina, who refuses to continue to spy for the FBI as the Russians are now aware of the mole. Stan tells her to trust him and gives her a camera to take pictures of confidential files at the embassy. Nina calls this suicide. Stan assures her. Nina takes classified documents and brings them to the bathroom and photographs them in a stall. Vasili is buying tea in a store. Vasili's change for the purchase is dropped by the clerk, when Vasili is picking it up, the clerk drops something in his bag. Stan calls the embassy and asks for Vasili, telling the person on the other line to leave a message from Theo about the tea store he visited and that he'll enjoy. Stan calls again. Arkady discusses the messages from "Theo" with Vasili and tells him they must search his office just in case; the innocent Vasili complies, Arkady finds diamonds that were placed in his tea bag.
Vasili denies any knowledge of them and, as his office is searched more Arkady finds Nina's camera behind a clock with the pictures of the classified documents. Vasili realizes. Philip and Elizabeth purposefully crash their car into a tree on their way home, using the crash as an alibi, they tell them about the accident. Elizabeth apologizes to Philip and tells him that she herself feels betrayed by the people she trusts most in the world. Philip goes to sleep on the couch; the episode was directed by Daniel Sackheim. In its original American broadcast on March 6, 2013, "Trust Me" was watched by 1.88 million viewers, according to Nielsen ratings. "Trust Me" on IMDb "Trust Me" at TV.com
Cyclone Ulli was an intense and deadly European windstorm. Forming on December 31, 2011 off the coast of New Jersey, Ulli began a rapid strengthening phase on January 2 as it sped across the Atlantic. Ulli was the costliest disaster in January 2012 globally; the damage from the storm in Glasgow was compared to a storm in 1968. Ulli was one of many storms to affect Europe during the winter of 2011-2012; the storm clustering began in late-November when Yoda hit the United Kingdom and Norway. In early to mid-December, Friedhelm and Joachim hit northern Europe. Another storm, Patrick hit Scandinavia on Christmas Day. Ulli was followed by Andrea which struck northern Europe on 5 January; the system was first noted over the United States Midwest as a surface trough. The storm moved offshore on December 31, 2011, when it was named Ulli by the Free University of Berlin; the low deepened to 1,000 mb by January 1, 2012 while south of Nova Scotia. By January 2, the storm system was located just east of Newfoundland.
From 1800 UTC January 2 to 0000 UTC January 3, the barometric pressure of Ulli plummeted from 983 mb to 970 mb. By midnight on January 3, Ulli was situated to the northwest of Scotland; the storm made landfall on Scotland during the early morning the same day with a central pressure of 952 mb. Hours the storm was named Emil by the Norwegian Weather Service. By January 4, the storm was centered over southern Norway and it moved across to Finland the next day. Ulli began to weaken as it stalled on January 6, was absorbed by Windstorm Andrea on January 7; the storm has been proposed as displaying a Sting jet. In the late hours of January 1, Met Éireann issued a national severe weather warning for Connacht and Ulster and forecasters predicting winds speeds up to 87 mph with heavy driving rain. On January 2, the Met Office issued an amber weather warning for most of Scotland for heavy snow and strong winds. Forecasters predicted wind speeds up to 80 mph, heavy rain, leading to localized flooding. During the late hours of January 2, the European Storm Forecast Experiment issued a Level Two warning for southeast England, the Netherlands, north Belgium, north Germany and Denmark.
All low pressure areas that affect Europe are named by the Free University of Berlin. On some occasions, storms that affect Norway are named by the Norwegian Weather Service; the Free University of Berlin have six lists of names. Every odd year they use male names, while every year they use female names. Prior to the passage of Ulli, many parts of the UK saw heavy squally downpours on January 2. On January 3, the Kingston, Erskine and Forth bridges were closed due to high winds. Major travel disruption which resulted in many bus and ferry services being withdrawn. Winds gusted to 102 mph in 105 mph in Malin Head. Wind gusts were higher in Great Dun Fell in the North Pennines; the storm hit Scotland during a public holiday which helped reduced the number of people travelling about. A man was killed in Kent after an oak tree fell on his car, while another man was killed after being injured on board a tanker in the English Channel. A man was reported missing in Scotland. Ten-thousand people were left without power in Northern Ireland due to the storm.
While in Scotland 140,000 homes were left without power, by 5 January the number had dropped to around 10,000. During the course of the storm over 488 weather-related incidents where reported in Strathclyde area, with 170 being reported in the Lothians, Fife having more than a 100 reports. Ayr racecourse abandoned its meeting for the day. A tornado, which uprooted trees and damaged roofs, touched down in Hainault, London in the day. Another tornado was reported about 30 minutes in Clacton-on-Sea. Epsom Downs Racecourse was evacuated after sustaining partial damage to the roof of the grandstand. Over 90 severe wind gust reports were submitted to the European Severe Weather Database. Torrential downpours affected parts into France; the Met Office were criticized because of the late upgrade from amber to red warnings in the Central Belt. The Scottish Environmental Protection Agency issued 10 flood warnings and 12 flood alerts for Scotland; the Dutch Coastguard reported a meteotsunami at IJmuiden on January 3 with sea level rising and falling 1.5 m in just 30 minutes as the storm passed.
In Germany on January 3, a storm warning was issued for higher altitudes. Trucks were blown over by 100 km/h winds in North Rhine-Westphalia. In the same area, one family had their roof blown off their house. Coastal regions were battered by large waves with ferry passengers having to walk through flood water to disembark. An infant in a pram was blown into a canal by strong winds near Hannover, his mother dived in to save him and both survived. Ulli was the strongest storm in Denmark in seven years. Winds from the storm began to affect Jutland on the afternoon of January 3. In Skagen a 300 square metre roof of a fish processing factory was blown off. A ferry broke loose in the storm requiring two tugs to secure it, ferry links between Denmark and Norway were cancelled. In Aalborg high winds brought down a gable wall of a student block at Construction College, toppled scaffolding, brought down a five-story glazed aluminium staircase; the storm continued across the Kattegat to affect the Swedish west coast with power outages, blocked roads and cancellation of train services.
Forecasters began to predict another storm that would make its