Colombia the Republic of Colombia, is a sovereign state situated in the northwest of South America, with territories in Central America. Colombia shares a border to the northwest with Panama, to the east with Venezuela and Brazil and to the south with Ecuador and Peru, it shares its maritime limits with Costa Rica, Honduras, Jamaica and the Dominican Republic. Colombia is a unitary, constitutional republic comprising thirty-two departments, with the capital in Bogota. Colombia has been inhabited by various indigenous peoples since 12,000 BCE, including the Muisca and the Tairona, along with the Inca Empire that expanded to the southwest of the country; the Spanish arrived in 1499 and by the mid-16th century conquered and colonized much of the region, establishing the New Kingdom of Granada, with Santafé de Bogotá as its capital. Independence from Spain was achieved in 1819, but by 1830 the "Gran Colombia" Federation was dissolved, with what is now Colombia and Panama emerging as the Republic of New Granada.
The new nation experimented with federalism as the Granadine Confederation, the United States of Colombia, before the Republic of Colombia was declared in 1886. Panama seceded in 1903. Beginning in the 1960s, the country suffered from an asymmetric low-intensity armed conflict and rampant political violence, both of which escalated in the 1990s. Since 2005, there has been significant improvement in security and rule of law. Colombia is one of the most ethnically and linguistically diverse countries in the world, with its rich cultural heritage reflecting influences by indigenous peoples, European settlement, forced African migration, immigration from Europe and the Middle East. Urban centres are located in the highlands of the Andes mountains and the Caribbean coast. Colombia is among the world's 17 megadiverse countries, the most densely biodiverse per square kilometer. Colombia is a middle power and regional actor in Latin America, it is part of the CIVETS group of six leading emerging markets and a member of the UN, the WTO, the OAS, the Pacific Alliance, other international organizations.
Colombia's diversified economy is the fourth largest in Latin America, with macroeconomic stability and favorable long-term growth prospects. The name "Colombia" is derived from the last name of Christopher Columbus, it was conceived by the Venezuelan revolutionary Francisco de Miranda as a reference to all the New World, but to those portions under Spanish rule. The name was adopted by the Republic of Colombia of 1819, formed from the territories of the old Viceroyalty of New Granada; when Venezuela and Cundinamarca came to exist as independent states, the former Department of Cundinamarca adopted the name "Republic of New Granada". New Granada changed its name in 1858 to the Granadine Confederation. In 1863 the name was again changed, this time to United States of Colombia, before adopting its present name – the Republic of Colombia – in 1886. To refer to this country, the Colombian government uses the terms Colombia and República de Colombia. Owing to its location, the present territory of Colombia was a corridor of early human migration from Mesoamerica and the Caribbean to the Andes and Amazon basin.
The oldest archaeological finds are from the Pubenza and El Totumo sites in the Magdalena Valley 100 kilometres southwest of Bogotá. These sites date from the Paleoindian period. At Puerto Hormiga and other sites, traces from the Archaic Period have been found. Vestiges indicate that there was early occupation in the regions of El Abra and Tequendama in Cundinamarca; the oldest pottery discovered in the Americas, found at San Jacinto, dates to 5000–4000 BCE. Indigenous people inhabited the territory, now Colombia by 12,500 BCE. Nomadic hunter-gatherer tribes at the El Abra, Tibitó and Tequendama sites near present-day Bogotá traded with one another and with other cultures from the Magdalena River Valley. Between 5000 and 1000 BCE, hunter-gatherer tribes transitioned to agrarian societies. Beginning in the 1st millennium BCE, groups of Amerindians including the Muisca, Zenú, Tairona developed the political system of cacicazgos with a pyramidal structure of power headed by caciques; the Muisca inhabited the area of what is now the Departments of Boyacá and Cundinamarca high plateau where they formed the Muisca Confederation.
They farmed maize, potato and cotton, traded gold, blankets, ceramic handicrafts and rock salt with neighboring nations. The Tairona inhabited northern Colombia in the isolated mountain range of Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta; the Quimbaya inhabited regions of the Cauca River Valley between the Western and Central Ranges of the Colombian Andes. Most of the Amerindians practiced agriculture and the social structure of each indigenous community was different; some groups of indigenous people such as the Caribs lived in a state of permanent war, but others had less bellicose attitudes. The Incas expanded their empire onto the southwest part of the country. Alonso de Ojeda reached the Guajira Peninsula in 1499. Spanish explorers, led by Rodrigo de Bastidas, made the first exploration
Chicken Little (2005 film)
Chicken Little is a 2005 American 3D computer-animated science fiction comedy film, produced by Walt Disney Feature Animation and loosely based on the original fable of the same name. The 46th Disney animated feature film, it was directed by Mark Dindal from a screenplay by Steve Bencich, Ron J. Friedman, Ron Anderson, based on a story by Mark Kennedy and Dindal; the film is dedicated to Disney writer Joe Grant, who died before the film's release. Chicken Little was animated in-house at Walt Disney Feature Animation's main headquarters in Burbank and released by Walt Disney Pictures on November 4, 2005, in Disney Digital 3-D along with the standard 2D version, it is Disney's first computer animated feature film, as Pixar's films were distributed, but not produced by Disney, Dinosaur was a combination of live-action and computer animation. Chicken Little was Disney's second adaptation of the fable after a propaganda cartoon made during World War II; the film is the last Disney animated film made before then-Pixar executive John Lasseter was named chief creative officer of Disney Animation and the last Disney film produced by Walt Disney Feature Animation before the studio was renamed Walt Disney Animation Studios.
Chicken Little grossed $314 million worldwide, making it Dindal's highest-grossing film as of June 2018. In the small town of Oakey Oaks, Chicken Little rings the school bell and warns everyone to run for their lives; this sends the whole town into a frenzy. The Head of the Fire Department calms down enough to ask him what is happening. Chicken Little says that a piece of the sky shaped like a stop sign had fallen on his head, but he is unable to find the piece, his father, Buck Cluck, assumes that this "piece of sky" and was just an acorn that had fallen from the tree, making Chicken Little the laughingstock of the town. A year Chicken Little remains ostracized and unhappy. Trying to help, his friend Abby Mallard encourages Chicken Little to talk to his father, but he only wants to make his dad proud of him; as a result, he joins his school's baseball team in an attempt to recover his reputation and his father's pride, but is benched until the ninth inning of the last game, when he miraculously makes a home run and is hailed as a hero for winning the pennant.
That night, he is hit on the head by the same "piece of the sky" — only to find out that it is not a piece of the sky, but rather a device that blends into its surroundings. He calls his friends over to help figure out; when one of them pushes a button on the back of the hexagon, it flies into the sky and turns out to be part of the camouflage of an invisible UFO. Chicken Little manages to ring the bell to warn everyone, but the aliens see the crowds coming and escape, accidentally leaving behind a small orange alien; the town does not believe the story of the alien invasion and thinks it is a repeat of the acorn incident, Chicken Little is ridiculed yet again. He and his friends discover the orange alien, a few minutes a whole fleet of alien ships descends on the town and start what appears to be an invasion; as the aliens rampage throughout Oakey Oaks, vaporizing everything in their path, Little realizes he must return the alien to its parents to save the planet. First, though, he regains his trust.
In the invasion, Buck defends Little from the aliens. It is discovered that the aliens were not vaporizing people, but the ray guns teleported them aboard the UFO; the invasion was a misunderstanding, as the two aliens were looking for their lost child and attacked only out of concern. Little returns the child, the aliens return everything to normal. Everyone is grateful for Chicken Little's efforts to save the town. Zach Braff as Chicken Little, a young and diminutive rooster who suffers under the reputation for being crazy since he caused a panic saying the sky was falling. Joan Cusack as Abigail "Abby" Mallard, a female duck with buckteeth, she takes a optimistic approach to life. She is teased by Foxy for her appearance, she is Chicken Little's best friend, by the end, his girlfriend. Dan Molina as Fish Out of Water, a goldfish with a scuba helmet filled with water who lives on the surface, he makes gurgling sounds, can not speak properly and acting out. He is not shy around others and he will perform brave stunts without fear.
Steve Zahn as Runt of the Litter, a large pig with a huge heart, much larger than the other children, but is far smaller than the other massive members of his family. Runt is frightened and prone to panic. Garry Marshall as Buck "Ace" Cluck, Chicken Little's widowed father and a former high school baseball star. Amy Sedaris as Foxy Loxy, a mean, young fox, a baseball star and the "hometown hero", she is a tomboy and one of the "popular kids" at school. In the original fable as well as the 1943 short film, Foxy is a male fox. Mark Walton as Goosey Loosey, a dim-witted goose and Foxy Loxy's best friend and henchwoman. Don Knotts as Turkey Lurkey, a turkey and the mayor of Oakey Oaks, friendly and sensible, but not bright. Sean Elmore, Matthew Michael Joston, Evan Dunn as Kirby, an energetic and hyper alien child. Fred Willard as Melvin, Kirby's father and Tina's husband. Catherine O'Hara as Tina, Kirby's mother and Melvin's wife. Mark Dindal as Morkubine Porcupine, one of the cool kids. Dindal provides the voice of Coach in the film.
Patrick Stewart as Mr. Woolensworth, the class' sheep language teacher. Wallace Shawn as Principal Fetchit, the school's principal. Patrick
O-Zone is a Moldovan-Romanian Eurodance trio, active from 1998 to 2005 and consisted of Dan Balan, Radu Sîrbu and Arsenie Todiraș. The group gained global popularity with their song "Dragostea Din Tei" and their subsequent album DiscO-Zone; the group re-united in 2017 for 2 concerts in Bucharest. O-Zone first formed as a duo of Dan Balan and Petru Jelihovschi in 1998, they released their first album, Unde Ești... in 1999. However, Jelihovschi had not intended to make music his career, so he split from Balan. Undaunted, Balan held open auditions for new band members. At one such audition, he met Arsenie "Arsenium" Todiraş, who won over the skeptical Balan with his version of Elvis Presley's "Love Me Tender". Balan and Arsenium would have proceeded as a duo act until Balan received a call from Radu Sîrbu, who wanted a chance to audition for the group. Despite Sîrbu having missed the initial auditions, Bălan agreed, after a successful audition, Sîrbu joined O-Zone making the group a trio. In 2002, O-Zone moved from Moldova to Bucharest, hoping to gain more recognition.
There, the group became an instant hit band with their upbeat song "Despre Tine", which held the top position on the Romanian Top 100 chart for three weeks in February 2003. Their second hit, which brought them worldwide attention, was "Dragostea Din Tei", translated as "Love From the Linden Trees." It became popular in Romania, where it topped the Romanian singles chart for four weeks in September 2003, but faded from popularity by the end of 2003. But the song gained popularity in Italy when the little-known duo Haiducii released a cover of "Dragostea din tei", which topped the Italian pop charts. Arsenie Todiraş said that at the time, while it was not illegal, the group's cover felt like a betrayal because Haiducii had not asked permission to make a cover. However, the cover's success led to curiosity about the original artist, led to Time Records, an Italian record label, offering O-Zone a one-year contract. Soon after the song's release in Italy, it was released in various other countries in Europe under Polydor Records and became an instant hit."Dragostea Din Tei" topped the singles charts of nearly a dozen European countries in 2004.
It reached the top 10 in many other countries, including in the United Kingdom, where it reached the third position on the singles chart. The re-release of "Despre Tine" in 2004 from the same album had similar success across Europe. In contrast to their multi-platinum status in Europe, O-Zone never entered the Billboard Hot 100 singles chart in the United States, although it did reach the 14th position on the Hot Dance Airplay chart; the viral video Numa Numa Dance helped to boost awareness of "Dragostea din tei" in the United States, while the song received moderate to major airplay, most Americans knew it as the "Numa Numa Song" and never knew the name of the original song or the group that performed it. "Dragostea din tei" was sampled in the song "Live Your Life" by T. I. and Rihanna, which topped the Billboard Hot 100 in late 2008. On 13 January 2005, while still popular, the members of O-Zone announced their disbandment, citing personal reasons, their last European concert was held at the 2005 Golden Stag music festival in Romania.
In 2005, the Japanese music label Avex Trax gained distribution rights for O-Zone music in Japan, released the album DiscO-Zone in August 2005 in that country. The album, which features the song "Dragostea din tei", became immensely successful in Japan. Topping the Oricon albums charts, it reached over 800,000 sales in 2005 alone and became the 12th most popular album of 2005 because the album was re-released twice by Avex Trax. DiscO-Zone ended up charting for over a year on the Oricon weekly albums chart and sold over one million copies overall. Dan Balan, Radu Sîrbu and Arsenie Todiraş announced on 5 May 2017 that O-Zone would be reforming for two concerts. O-Zone re-united for Ziua Europei on 9 May 2017. One of concerts was held in Chișinău, the other took place on the same day in Bucharest, Romania. O-Zone Official Japanese Website O-Zone Official German Website
Argentina the Argentine Republic, is a country located in the southern half of South America. Sharing the bulk of the Southern Cone with Chile to the west, the country is bordered by Bolivia and Paraguay to the north, Brazil to the northeast and the South Atlantic Ocean to the east, the Drake Passage to the south. With a mainland area of 2,780,400 km2, Argentina is the eighth-largest country in the world, the fourth largest in the Americas, the largest Spanish-speaking nation; the sovereign state is subdivided into twenty-three provinces and one autonomous city, Buenos Aires, the federal capital of the nation as decided by Congress. The provinces and the capital exist under a federal system. Argentina claims sovereignty over part of Antarctica, the Falkland Islands, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands; the earliest recorded human presence in modern-day Argentina dates back to the Paleolithic period. The Inca Empire expanded to the northwest of the country in Pre-Columbian times; the country has its roots in Spanish colonization of the region during the 16th century.
Argentina rose as the successor state of the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata, a Spanish overseas viceroyalty founded in 1776. The declaration and fight for independence was followed by an extended civil war that lasted until 1861, culminating in the country's reorganization as a federation of provinces with Buenos Aires as its capital city; the country thereafter enjoyed relative peace and stability, with several waves of European immigration radically reshaping its cultural and demographic outlook. The almost-unparalleled increase in prosperity led to Argentina becoming the seventh wealthiest nation in the world by the early 20th century. Following the Great Depression in the 1930s, Argentina descended into political instability and economic decline that pushed it back into underdevelopment, though it remained among the fifteen richest countries for several decades. Following the death of President Juan Perón in 1974, his widow, Isabel Martínez de Perón, ascended to the presidency, she was overthrown in 1976 by a U.
S.-backed coup which installed a right-wing military dictatorship. The military government persecuted and murdered numerous political critics and leftists in the Dirty War, a period of state terrorism that lasted until the election of Raúl Alfonsín as President in 1983. Several of the junta's leaders were convicted of their crimes and sentenced to imprisonment. Argentina is a prominent regional power in the Southern Cone and Latin America, retains its historic status as a middle power in international affairs. Argentina has the second largest economy in South America, the third-largest in Latin America, membership in the G-15 and G-20 major economies, it is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, World Trade Organization, Union of South American Nations, Community of Latin American and Caribbean States and the Organization of Ibero-American States. Despite its history of economic instability, it ranks second highest in the Human Development Index in Latin America; the description of the country by the word Argentina has been found on a Venetian map in 1536.
In English the name "Argentina" comes from the Spanish language, however the naming itself is not Spanish, but Italian. Argentina means in Italian " of silver, silver coloured" borrowed from the Old French adjective argentine " of silver" > "silver coloured" mentioned in the 12th century. The French word argentine is the feminine form of argentin and derives from argent "silver" with the suffix -in; the Italian naming "Argentina" for the country implies Terra Argentina "land of silver" or Costa Argentina "coast of silver". In Italian, the adjective or the proper noun is used in an autonomous way as a substantive and replaces it and it is said l'Argentina; the name Argentina was first given by the Venetian and Genoese navigators, such as Giovanni Caboto. In Spanish and Portuguese, the words for "silver" are plata and prata and " of silver" is said plateado and prateado. Argentina was first associated with the silver mountains legend, widespread among the first European explorers of the La Plata Basin.
The first written use of the name in Spanish can be traced to La Argentina, a 1602 poem by Martín del Barco Centenera describing the region. Although "Argentina" was in common usage by the 18th century, the country was formally named "Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata" by the Spanish Empire, "United Provinces of the Río de la Plata" after independence; the 1826 constitution included the first use of the name "Argentine Republic" in legal documents. The name "Argentine Confederation" was commonly used and was formalized in the Argentine Constitution of 1853. In 1860 a presidential decree settled the country's name as "Argentine Republic", that year's constitutional amendment ruled all the names since 1810 as valid. In the English language the country was traditionally called "the Argentine", mimicking the typical Spanish usage la Argentina and resulting from a mistaken shortening of the fuller name'Argentine Republic'.'The Argentine' fell out of fashion during the mid-to-late 20th century, now the country is referred to as "Argentina".
In the Spanish language "Argentina" is feminine, taking the feminine article "La" as the i
Triana is a neighbourhood and administrative district on the west bank of the Guadalquivir River in the city of Seville, Spain. Like other neighborhoods that were separated from the main city, it was known as an arrabal. Triana is located on a peninsula between two branches of the Guadalquivir, narrowly linked to the mainland in the north. Two other districts are usually included in this area, Los Remedios to the south and La Cartuja to the north. Residents of Triana have traditionally been called trianeros. Triana has a traditional pottery and tile industry, a vibrant flamenco culture, its own festivals. Legend holds that Triana was founded as a Roman colony by the emperor Trajan, born in the nearby city of Italica; the name may be a combination of the Latin tri, meaning "three", the Celtiberian ana, meaning "river", since the Guadalquivir river split into three branches nearby. Another hypothesis suggests that the derivation of "Triana" is from the Latin expression Trans amnem, meaning "those beyond the river".
The first settlements in the Triana area are dated from the Roman period. During Muslim rule the neighborhood developed around a castle built in the 10th century. Triana was the last defence of Seville from the west before the city-walls, it was strategically important because of its position between Seville proper and both the coast and the Aljarafe region of grainfields and olive orchards. The construction of a pontoon bridge joining Triana and Seville in 1171 during the reign of Caliph Abu Yaqub Yusuf facilitated the development of the neighborhood; because of Triana's strategic role in the defence of city, Ferdinand III of Castile destroyed the citadel and the bridge before taking Seville in 1248. During Castile's rule, the castle of Triana became the first Christian church of the neighbourhood when it was made the seat of a fraternal society, the Order of Saint George, which changed its name to Castillo de San Jorge. In 1481, under the rule of the Catholic Monarchs, it was made the seat of the Spanish Inquisition until 1785.
The current bridge, the Puente de Isabel II, a representative symbol of Triana, was built in 1854. Since Triana is close to the Guadalquivir River, the neighbourhood was devastated by flooding, as it had no levees to hold back the rising waters. During these periodic floods, the inhabitants had to take refuge at the Castillo de San Jorge and the Church of Santa Ana; the worst floods occurred in 1435, 1440, 1545, 1554. The reconstruction of the Guadalquivir channel system during the second half of the 20th century eliminated this hazard. Triana was traditionally populated by sailors and potters, construction workers and artisans, with many bull-fighters and Flamenco singers and dancers living in the neighbourhood as well. Triana was home to a large population of Romani people, concentrated in the street called the Cava de los Gitanos, but they were displaced during the redevelopment projects of the 1970s. Triana is connected to Seville by the Isabel II bridge constructed between 1845 and 1852 by Gustavo Steinacher and Ferdinand Bennetot.
It has on its west side a small Neo-Mudéjar chapel built by Aníbal González in 1927. They were declared a national monument in 1976 after a proposal to demolish; the Triana market, built in 2005 in the Moorish Revival style, is located on the southern side of the bridge. The foundations of the Castillo de San Jorge may be seen in the basement of this building, now home to educational exhibits relating to the history of the Inquisition; the traditional gateway to Triana from the bridge is the Altozano square, with its monuments to the renowned bullfighter Juan Belmonte and the flamenco arts, executed in modern style. It continues into San Jacinto street, a pedestrian commercial street that crosses the historical quarter from east to west, named after the monumental San Jacinto church, built in 1676 by Matías de Figueroa for the Dominican order. San Jorge and Castilla streets are the main axes on the north side of the neighbourhood. Landmarks in this area include a narrow street leading to the river.
To the south of Altozano square, Calle Pureza is the main street crossing the historical quarter. Here is found the Church of Santa Ana, considered the Cathedral of Triana by popular sentiment, it was the first Catholic church built in Seville after Muslim rule ended in the city in 1248. Constructed by order of Alfonso X, it contains an impressive altar piece painted by Pedro de Campaña. Other notable buildings in this street are the Capilla de los Marineros, seat of the popular brotherhood known as La Esperanza de Triana, the Casa de las Columnas occupied by the Universidad de Mareantes, an institution f
Dragostea Din Tei
"Dragostea Din Tei" informally known as "Ma Ya Hi" and "The Numa Numa Song", is the most successful single by the Moldovan pop group O-Zone. It received positive reviews from critics and shot to the number one spot on the Eurochart Hot 100, where it remained for 12 weeks between June and early September 2004, it topped the single charts in France and Austria for over three months, reached three in the United Kingdom and 72 on the US Pop 100. The song became the fourth-best-selling single of the 21st century in France, with 1,170,000 units sold. A popular cover of the song was made by Italian-Romanian pop singer Haiducii, which charted in many countries Italy and Sweden, where it topped the singles charts; the original song was made notable in the United States by the viral video "Numa Numa" in which Gary Brolsma dances to the song. Another remix "Numa Numa 2" with Dan Balan featuring Marley Waters was posted on YouTube on September 12, 2018; the best-known lyrics are the repeated line "nu mă, nu mă iei" from the chorus, hence the name "Numa Numa song".
"Nu mă, nu mă iei" is translated as "you just won't take me". The full chorus, which includes the title of the song, runs: which translates as: want to leave but don't want to take me, Don't want to take me, don't want, don't want to take me Your face and the love from the linden trees, Remind me of your eyes; the song was written and composed by Dan Bălan, the original version was sung by Bălan, Arsenie Todiraș, Radu Sârbu. The single was first released in 2003 in Romania, where the group lived and produced at that time, in the spring of 2004 in most other European countries, where it became a summer hit. In as late as 2006, the song was still in the lower reaches of some Eastern European singles charts. O-Zone's version was the most popular across Europe, with the exception of Italy, where it was only known by discogoers. A cover version of the song performed by the Romanian singer Haiducii, who released the song in Europe around the same time, was more popular in Italy and Sweden. "Dragostea Din Tei" has inspired a number of parody videos distributed over the Internet, most notably Gary Brolsma's popular "Numa Numa Dance" video in 2004, so named because of the line "nu mă nu mă iei".
The "Numa Numa Dance", which first appeared on the flash site Newgrounds.com, has become so notable that it has sparked numerous parodies of the video itself in the United States over the years since 2004. Overall, the single reached number one in over 27 countries and went on to sell upwards of 8 million copies worldwide, making it one of the best-selling singles of all time; the American release of DiscO-Zone features an English version of the song performed by Dan Bălan and Lucas Prata. This version focuses on the "It's me, Picasso" lyric from the original to provide a theme of an artist who has lost his muse. Bălan and Prata performed the English recording of "Dragostea Din Tei" entitled "Ma Ya Hi" on The Today Show on 22 February 2005. Unlike the original recording, this version was not as successful, charting at 72 on the Billboard Pop 100. "Dragostea Din Tei" – 3:33 "Dragostea Din Tei" – 4:15 "Dragostea Din Tei" – 3:33 "Dragostea Din Tei" – 4:15 "Dragostea Din Tei" – 6:22 "Dragostea Din Tei" – 3:35 "Dragostea Din Tei" – 3:39 A cover version by Italian-Romanian singer Haiducii, with a strong dance impact, was charted at the same time as the original version by O-Zone.
Although it had a great success in many countries, including Sweden and Italy, where it topped the chart, it was less successful than O-Zone's version. "Dragostea din tei" – 3:35 "Dragostea din tei" – 3:42 "Dragostea din tei" – 4:15 "Dragostea din tei" – 6:30 "Dragostea din tei" – 6:22 "Dragostea din tei" – 3:33 "Dragostea din tei" – 3:43 "Dragostea din tei" – 4:16 "Dragostea din tei" – 6:32 "Dragostea din tei" – 6:20 "Dragostea din tei" – 6:58 "Spring" – 7:16 "Ma cé ki? Massimo" by Massimo Gargia "Le Poulailler" by Le 6/9 "Wenn der Hafer sticht" by Antonia aus Tirol "Argent Argent" by Cauet featuring Mopral A popular video named "Numa Numa" posted on Newgrounds features a person named Gary Brolsma performing a lip-sync to the song while dancing; the video soon went viral. Brolsma was named "#1 Internet Celebrity" on VH1's 40 Greatest Internet Superstars which aired on 23 March 2007. In Brazil, singer Latino replaced all the lyrics to create his reviewed version of "Dragostea Din Tei". Called "Festa no Apê", talking about a party that's gone "wild".
The song's opening lyrics are sampled in the 2008 song "Live Your Life" performed by T. I. featuring Rihanna. Music of "Live Your Life" is a strong adaptation of the song's basic tune. In 2011, Hank Azaria covered the song as the character "The Mighty Sven" for the animated film Happy Feet Two. Uncle Moishy, an Orthodox Jewish children's entertainer, has sang about healthy eating to the tune of the song; the Hungarian comedy-music group Irigy Hónaljmirigy made a cover of the song with the title "Numeraki
Mexico the United Mexican States, is a country in the southern portion of North America. It is bordered to the north by the United States. Covering 2,000,000 square kilometres, the nation is the fifth largest country in the Americas by total area and the 13th largest independent state in the world. With an estimated population of over 120 million people, the country is the eleventh most populous state and the most populous Spanish-speaking state in the world, while being the second most populous nation in Latin America after Brazil. Mexico is a federation comprising 31 states and Mexico City, a special federal entity, the capital city and its most populous city. Other metropolises in the state include Guadalajara, Puebla, Tijuana and León. Pre-Columbian Mexico dates to about 8000 BC and is identified as one of five cradles of civilization and was home to many advanced Mesoamerican civilizations such as the Olmec, Teotihuacan, Zapotec and Aztec before first contact with Europeans. In 1521, the Spanish Empire conquered and colonized the territory from its politically powerful base in Mexico-Tenochtitlan, administered as the viceroyalty of New Spain.
Three centuries the territory became a nation state following its recognition in 1821 after the Mexican War of Independence. The post-independence period was tumultuous, characterized by economic inequality and many contrasting political changes; the Mexican–American War led to a territorial cession of the extant northern territories to the United States. The Pastry War, the Franco-Mexican War, a civil war, two empires, the Porfiriato occurred in the 19th century; the Porfiriato was ended by the start of the Mexican Revolution in 1910, which culminated with the promulgation of the 1917 Constitution and the emergence of the country's current political system as a federal, democratic republic. Mexico has the 11th largest by purchasing power parity; the Mexican economy is linked to those of its 1994 North American Free Trade Agreement partners the United States. In 1994, Mexico became the first Latin American member of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, it is classified as an upper-middle income country by the World Bank and a newly industrialized country by several analysts.
The country is considered both a regional power and a middle power, is identified as an emerging global power. Due to its rich culture and history, Mexico ranks first in the Americas and seventh in the world for number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Mexico is an ecologically megadiverse country, ranking fourth in the world for its biodiversity. Mexico receives a huge number of tourists every year: in 2018, it was the sixth most-visited country in the world, with 39 million international arrivals. Mexico is a member of the United Nations, the World Trade Organization, the G8+5, the G20, the Uniting for Consensus group of the UN, the Pacific Alliance trade bloc. Mēxihco is the Nahuatl term for the heartland of the Aztec Empire, namely the Valley of Mexico and surrounding territories, with its people being known as the Mexica, it is believed to be a toponym for the valley which became the primary ethnonym for the Aztec Triple Alliance as a result, although it could have been the other way around.
In the colonial era, back when Mexico was called New Spain this territory became the Intendency of Mexico and after New Spain achieved independence from the Spanish Empire it came to be known as the State of Mexico with the new country being named after its capital: the City of Mexico, which itself was founded in 1524 on top of the ancient Mexica capital of Mexico-Tenochtitlan. Traditionally, the name Tenochtitlan was thought to come from Nahuatl tetl and nōchtli and is thought to mean "Among the prickly pears rocks". However, one attestation in the late 16th-century manuscript known as "the Bancroft dialogues" suggests the second vowel was short, so that the true etymology remains uncertain; the suffix -co is the Nahuatl locative, making the word a place name. Beyond that, the etymology is uncertain, it has been suggested that it is derived from Mextli or Mēxihtli, a secret name for the god of war and patron of the Mexica, Huitzilopochtli, in which case Mēxihco means "place where Huitzilopochtli lives".
Another hypothesis suggests that Mēxihco derives from a portmanteau of the Nahuatl words for "moon" and navel. This meaning might refer to Tenochtitlan's position in the middle of Lake Texcoco; the system of interconnected lakes, of which Texcoco formed the center, had the form of a rabbit, which the Mesoamericans pareidolically associated with the moon rabbit. Still another hypothesis suggests that the word is derived from Mēctli, the name of the goddess of maguey; the name of the city-state was transliterated to Spanish as México with the phonetic value of the letter x in Medieval Spanish, which represented the voiceless postalveolar fricative. This sound, as well as the voiced postalveolar fricative, represented by a j, evolved into a voiceless velar fricative during the 16th century; this led to the use of the variant Méjico in many publications in Spanish, most notably in Spain, whereas in Mexico and most other Spanish–speaking countries, México was the preferred spelling. In recent years, the Real Academia Española, which regulates the Spanish l