Bonifacio is a commune at the southern tip of the island of Corsica, in the Corse-du-Sud department of France. Its inhabitants are called Bonifaciens, feminine Bonifaciennes; the commune is the largest commune of Corsica. Bonifacio is the setting of Guy de Maupassant's short story "Vendetta"; the French leg of the Red Bull Cliff Diving World Series takes place in Bonifacio. Bonifacio is located directly on the Mediterranean Sea, separated from Sardinia by the Strait of Bonifacio, it is a city placed on the best and only major harbour of the southern coast and is a commune covering a somewhat larger region including the offshore Isles Lavezzi, giving it the distinction of being the southernmost commune in Metropolitan France. The commune is bordered on the northwest by the canton of Figari and has a short border on the northeast with the canton of Porto-Vecchio; the combined border runs from the Golfe de Ventilegne on the west to the mouth of the Golfu di Sant'Amanza on the east. The coastline circumscribed by the two points is about 75 kilometres.
Highway N198 runs north along N196 along the west. The islands are part of the French portion, 794.6-square-kilometre, of the international Bouches de Bonifacio marine park, a nature reserve, signed into legal existence by France and Italy in 1993 for the protection of the strait against passage of ships bearing dangerous chemicals, implemented in France by a ministerial decree of 1999 detailing the land to be included in the réserve naturelle de Bouches de Bonifacio for the preservation of wild birds, other fauna and flora and nature in general. The southern coast in the vicinity of Bonifacio is an outcrop of chalk-white limestone and sculpted into unusual shapes by the ocean. Further inland the limestone adjoins the granite of which the two islands and Corsica, are formed; the port of Bonifacio is placed on the Bay of Bonifacio, a drowned ravine of a fjord-like appearance separated from the ocean by a finger-like promontory 1,500 meters long and 200 meters wide. In prehistoric post-glacial times when sea levels were low and the islands were connected, the ravine was part of a valley leading to upland Corsica.
The maximum draught supported by the harbour is 3.5 meters, more than ample for ancient ships and modern small vessels. The city of Bonifacio is split into two sections; the vieille ville, or la Haute Ville, on the site of a citadel, is located on the promontory overlooking the Mediterranean Sea. The citadel was built in the 9th century with the foundation of the city; the Citadel has been reconstructed and renovated many times since its construction and most was an administrative center for the French Foreign Legion. Today it is more of a museum. Most of the inhabitants have resided in the Haute ville under the immediate protection of the citadel; the harbour facilities and residential areas below, la marine, line the narrow shelf of the inlet and extend for some distance up the valley, giving the settlement a linear appearance and creating a third residential section limited by St. Julien on the east; the city and its fortifications extend for some distance along the cliff-tops, which are at about 70 meters elevation.
The cliffs have been undercut by the ocean so that the buildings, which have been placed on the lip of the precipice, appear to overhang it. The appearance from the sea is of a white city gleaming in the sun and suspended over the rough waters below. Bonifacio has two prehistoric sites of some importance: the ancient cave shelter of Araguina-Sennola near the village of Capello on Route N96 just north of the city and a chambered tomb of Vasculacciu further north near Figari; the first is the site of the notable Lady of Bonifacio, a female burial carbon-dated to about 6570 BC, either late Mesolithic or Early Neolithic, the second belongs to the Megalithic Culture and is dated to the Middle Neolithic. The alignment of the two and the extensive use of chert from Monte Arci in Sardinia shows that the Bay of Bonifacio was a route to inland Corsica from the earliest times; the only record of southernmost Corsica in Roman times comes from the geographer Ptolemy. He reports the coordinates of Marianum Promontory and town, plotted on a map, turn out to be the farthest south of Corsica.
After listing the peoples of the east coast he states that the Subasani were "more to the south." The people do not appear subsequently and the town and promontory have not been identified, nor do any Roman roads point to it. The only official road, the Via Corsica, ran between the Roman castra of Mariana and Aleria on the east coast and further south to Pallas, according to the Antonine Itinerary. Ptolemy places Pallas unequivocally on the east coast north of Marianum. Although unrecorded tracks and paths to the far south are possible, it is unlikely they would have carried any significant Roman traffic. Maritime traffic through the strait however was significant and it could hardly have neglected the fine harbour at Bonifacio; the most popular choice for Marianum Promontory therefore is Cape Pertusato, southernmost point of Corsica island, about 9 kilometers east of the harbor, with Bonifacio itself as Marianum town. A second possibility would be the first century AD Roman ruins adjoining Piantarella Beach near the village of Ciappili and next to the grounds of Sperone golf course, a recreational suburb to the west of Bonifacio, but those ruins appear to represent a Roman villa and the beach though eminently suitable for recreat
La Vérité (film)
La Vérité is a 1960 French film directed by Henri-Georges Clouzot and starring Brigitte Bardot. The film was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film. Dominique Marceau is a young Frenchwoman on trial for killing Gilbert; the prosecuting attorney, claims it was an act of premeditated murder that warrants the death penalty. The defense attorney, Guérin, not punishable by death. During the course of the trial, we see the events. Dominque's parents let her move to Paris after she tried to kill herself when they refused, she had been living on the Paris Left Bank with her violinist sister Annie and sleeping with men. She meets her sister's boyfriend, a music student. Dominique seduces Gilbert and he falls for her and proposed but she turns him down, they live together for a time but Dominique struggles with domesticity and Gilbert is worried she will cheat on him. They break up. Over time Dominique becomes a prostitute. Gilbert and Anne become engaged. Dominique realises that Gilbert was the only man she loved and they sleep together.
However he kicks her out the next day. She tries to kill herself to prove her love but when he mocks her she shoots him, she attempts suicide but is found and rescued by the police. At the end of the trial, Dominique realises the jury is unconvinced that her love for Gilbert was real, she slashes her wrists with a piece of broken mirror. Brigitte Bardot as Dominique Marceau Charles Vanel as Maître Guérin Paul Meurisse as Maître Éparvier Sami Frey as Gilbert Tellier Marie-José Nat as Annie Marceau Louis Seigner as Le président des assises André Oumansky as Ludovic René Blancard as L'avocat général Fernand Ledoux as Le médecin légiste Claude Berri as Georges Jean-Paul Belmondo, Jean-Pierre Cassel and Jean Louis Trintignant were all considered for the lead role - Trintignant was Bardot's choice - before Clouzot decided to go with Sami Frey. Philippe Leroy-Beaulieu, one of the male leads, was fired during shooting. Leroy-Beaulieu sued the producer for damages of 300,000 francs. Charrier was hospitalised for two months.
Vera Clouzot had a nervous breakdown in July. In August Clouzot had a heart attack and filming was suspended for a week. Bardot's secretary of four years sold secrets about her to the press. During filming, Bardot had an affair with Sami Frey which resulting in her breaking up with her husband Jacques Charrier. In September 1960 Bardot had an argument with Charrier and attempted suicide by slashing her wrist. In the words of The New York Times "probably no film in recent years - at least in France - has been subjected to so much advance attention. Two years in the planning, six months in the shooting, sets sealed to the press, all culminating in the suicide attempt of the drama's star, Brigitte Bardot; the public had been told that Clouzot was turning B. B. into a real actress."The film was a massive box office hit in France, Bardot's biggest success at the box office and the third most popular film of the year. The Los Angeles Times called the film "a tour de force from all concerned, it is at once immoral and strangely moral."
List of submissions to the 33rd Academy Awards for Best Foreign Language Film List of French submissions for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film La Vérité on IMDb The Truth at AllMovie The Truth at TCMDB Review of film at The New York Times
Yves Robert was a French actor, screenwriter and producer. Robert was born in Maine-et-Loire. In his teens, he went to Paris to pursue a career in acting, starting with unpaid parts on stage in the city's various theatre workshops. From ages 12–20 he set type as a typographer studied mime in his early 20s. In 1948 he made his motion picture debut with one of the secondary roles in the film, Les Dieux du dimanche. Within a few years, Robert was writing scripts and producing. Yves Robert's directorial efforts included several successful comedies for which he had written the screenplay, his 1962 film, La Guerre des boutons won France's Prix Jean Vigo. His 1972 film Le grand blond avec une chaussure noire won the Silver Bear at the 23rd Berlin International Film Festival in 1973. In 1976, Un éléphant ça trompe énormément, starring his wife, earned him international acclaim. Robert's 1973 devastating comedy Salut l'artiste is considered by many performers to be the ultimate film about the humiliations of the actor's life.
In 1977, he directed another comedy, Nous irons tous au paradis, nominated for a César Award for Best Film. In 1990, Robert directed My Mother's Castle and My Father's Glory. Based on autobiographical novels by Marcel Pagnol, they were jointly voted "Best Film" at the 1991 Seattle International Film Festival, received rave reviews. Over his career, he directed more than twenty feature-length motion pictures, wrote an equal number of scripts, acted in more than seventy-five films. Although his last major role was in 1980, A Bad Son by Claude Sautet, as the working-class father of a drug-dealer, he continued acting past 1997. Robert played opposite Danièle Delorme in the 1951 play Colombe by Jean Anouilh, they married in 1956, jointly formed the film production company La Guéville in 1961. He died in Paris on 10 May 2002 from a cerebral hemorrhage, he was buried in Montparnasse Cemetery with the epitaph "A man of joy...", where visitors leave buttons of many colors. He was survived by Danièle and two children and Jean-Denis Robert, by first wife, actress Rosy Varte.
That month's Cannes Film Festival paid homage to his contribution to French film. Director Les hommes ne pensent qu'à ça Neither Seen Nor Recognized Signé Arsène Lupin The Fenouillard Family La Guerre des boutons Bebert et l'Omnibus Les Copains – 4 songs on 45 RPM vinyl Monnaie de singe Alexandre le bienheureux Clérambard Le grand blond avec une chaussure noire Salut l'artiste Le Retour du Grand Blond Un éléphant ça trompe énormément Nous irons tous au paradis Courage - Let's Run Le Jumeau La Gloire de mon Père Le château de ma mère Le Bal des casse-pieds Montparnasse-Pondichéry Actor Three Telegrams Bibi Fricotin The Red Rose Virgile Follow That Man Bad Liaisons Futures vedettes School for Love The Green Mare The Fenouillard Family A Bad Son La Crise Producer Les petits câlins The Crying Woman His black and white adaptation of the book La Guerre des Boutons having sold nearly 10 million tickets at the French box office in 1962, was hugely popular, planned for a nationwide reissue 12 October 2011.
Some films were re-made in Hollywood. The Tall Blond Man with One Black Shoe, a spy spoof featuring the physical comedic skills of Pierre Richard, became The Man with One Red Shoe with Tom Hanks. Pardon Mon Affaire, a sexy farce with Jean Rochefort, became The Woman in Red. La Gloire de Mon Pere + Le Chateau de Ma Mere 1990–1991 2002, 2005 & 2012 Blu-ray The Tall Blond Man with One Black Shoe + The Return of the Tall Blond Man 1972, 1974 Ni vu... ni connu... 2009 Yves Robert on IMDb Clips from La Gloire de mon Père 1990 Yves Robert in French Wiki Yves Robert. Un homme de joie. Dialogue avec Jérôme Tonnerre, Flammarion, 1996, 394 p
Jean Gabin was a French actor and sometime singer. Considered a key figure in French cinema, he starred in several classic films including Pépé le Moko, La grande illusion, Le Quai des brumes, La bête humaine, Le jour se lève, Le plaisir. Gabin was made a member of the Légion d'honneur in recognition of the important role he played in French cinema. Gabin was born Jean-Alexis Moncorgé in Paris, the son of Madeleine Petit and Ferdinand Moncorgé, a cafe owner and cabaret entertainer whose stage name was Gabin, a first name in French, he grew up in the village of Mériel in the Seine-et-Oise département, about 22 mi north of Paris. He attended the Lycée Janson de Sailly. Gabin left school early, worked as a laborer until the age of 19 when he entered show business with a bit part in a Folies Bergères production, he continued performing in a variety of minor roles before going into the military. After completing his military service in the Fusiliers marins, he returned to the entertainment business, working under the stage name of Jean Gabin at whatever was offered in the Parisian music halls and operettas, imitating the singing style of Maurice Chevalier, the rage at the time.
He was part of a troupe that toured South America, upon returning to France found work at the Moulin Rouge. His performances started getting noticed, better stage roles came along that led to parts in two silent films in 1928. Two years Gabin made the transition to sound films in a 1930 Pathé Frères production titled Chacun sa chance. Playing secondary roles, he made more than a dozen films over the next four years, including films directed by Maurice and Jacques Tourneur. However, he only gained real recognition for his performance in Maria Chapdelaine, a 1934 production directed by Julien Duvivier, he was cast as a romantic hero in a 1936 war drama titled La Bandera. The following year he teamed up with Duvivier again, this time in the successful Pépé le Moko, its popularity brought Gabin international recognition. That same year he starred in the Jean Renoir film La Grande Illusion, an anti-war film that ran at a New York City theatre for an unprecedented six months; this was followed by another one of Renoir's major works: La Bête Humaine, a film noir tragedy based on the novel by Émile Zola and starring Gabin and Simone Simon, as well as Le Quai Des Brumes, one of director Marcel Carné's classics of poetic realism.
He was divorced from his second wife in 1939. In the late 1930s Gabin was flooded with offers from Hollywood. After the German occupation of France in 1940, he joined Jean Renoir and Julien Duvivier in the United States. During his time in Hollywood, Gabin began a romance with actress Marlene Dietrich which lasted until 1948. However, his films in America – Moontide and The Impostor, the reuniting him with Duvivier – were not successful. Undaunted, he joined General Charles de Gaulle's Free French Forces and earned the Médaille militaire and a Croix de guerre for his wartime valor fighting with the Allies in North Africa. Following D-Day, Gabin was part of the military contingent, he was hired by Marcel Carné in 1945 to star in the film,Les Portes de la Nuit, with Marlene Dietrich as his co-star. She disliked the screenplay and feared that her German accent would not go over well with post-war French audiences; when she withdrew from the project, Gabin followed suit, leading to a falling out with Carné.
He found a French producer and director willing to cast him and Dietrich together, but their film Martin Roumagnac was not a success and their personal relationship soon ended. Gabin starred in a poetic realist film directed by René Clément,Au-delà des grilles/The Walls of Malapaga, in 1948, which won an Oscar for Best Foreign Language Picture but garnered little recognition for Gabin. In 1949 he starred in his only role in legitimate theater in playwright Henry Bernstein’s La Soif, it ran in Paris for six months, with Gabin winning critical praise as “a first-rate stage actor.” Despite this recognition, subsequent films did not do well at the French box office, the next five years brought little more than repeated failures. His career seemed headed for oblivion. However, in the 1954 film Touchez pas au grisbi, directed by Jacques Becker, Gabin's performance earned him critical acclaim; the film was profitable internationally. He worked once again with Jean Renoir in French Cancan, with María Félix and Françoise Arnoul.
Gabin played Georges Simenon's detective Jules Maigret for three films in 1958, 1959 and 1963. Over the next 20 years, he made 50 more films, most of them successful commercially and critically, including many for Gafer Films, his production partnership with fellow actor Fernandel, his co-stars included leading figures of post-war cinema such as Brigitte Bardot, Alain Delon, Jean-Paul Belmondo and Louis de Funès. Gabin died of leukaemia at the American Hospital of Paris, in the Parisian suburb of Neuilly-sur-Seine, his body was cremated, and—with full military honours—his ashes were scattered at sea from a military ship. He is considered one of the greatest stars and an important figure in the French cinema, was appointed Officier de la Légion d'honneur. In 1981, French actor Louis de Funès initiated the Prix Jean Gabin, a film accolade presented to upcoming actors working in the French film i
Karlovy Vary International Film Festival
The Karlovy Vary International Film Festival is a film festival held annually in July in Karlovy Vary, Czech Republic. The Karlovy Vary Festival is one of the oldest in the world and has become Central and Eastern Europe’s leading film event; the pre-war dream of many enthusiastic filmmakers materialized in 1946 when a non-competition festival of films from seven countries took place in Mariánské Lázně and Karlovy Vary. Above all it was intended to screen the results of the nationalized Czechoslovak film industry. After the first two years the festival moved permanently to Karlovy Vary; the Karlovy Vary IFF first held an international film competition in 1948. Since 1951, an international jury has evaluated the films; the Karlovy Vary competition found a place among other developing festivals and by 1956 FIAPF had classified Karlovy Vary as a category A festival. Given the creation of the Moscow Film Festival and the political decision to organize only one "A" festival for all socialist countries, Karlovy Vary was forced to alternate year by year with Moscow IFF between 1959 and 1993.
The social and political changes that took place after the Velvet Revolution in November 1989 pushed concerns about organizing the Karlovy Vary IFF to the background. The program for 1990 was saved by the release of a collection of Czechoslovak films, locked up for years in a storage vault, and the appearance of a number of international guests such as Miloš Forman, Lindsay Anderson, Annette Bening and Robert De Niro helped as well. Future festivals were in doubt. Financial problems and a lack of interest on the part of the government and viewers ended the festival's long tradition in 1992. In 1994 the 29th Karlovy Vary IFF inaugurated an new tradition. After nearly forty years of alternating with the Moscow IFF, the festival began once again to take place every year; the Karlovy Vary Film Festival Foundation was set up in 1993 co-created by the Ministry of Culture, The City of Karlovy Vary, the Grand Hotel Pupp. Actor Jiří Bartoška was invited to be the festival's president, Eva Zaoralová became program director in 1995.
Since 1998 the organization of the festival has been carried out by Film Servis Festival Karlovy Vary, a joint stock company. The core of the program is the feature film competition; the documentary competition is an important festival event. The extensive informative program features both distribution pre-premiers and films awarded at other festivals, but it includes discoveries of artistic creations by independent directors, productions coming out of little known film industries, an overview of Czech film output during the past year. For the tenth straight year the festival will present Variety Critics' Choice: new and interesting films of European production selected by critics working at this prestigious magazine. Seminars focusing on European film are another important part of the festival. Thousands of visitors and the great variety of films testify to the effectiveness of the program team with program director Eva Zaoralová at its head. Due to their valiant efforts many films will be purchased at the festival for wider distribution or, thanks to receiving a festival award, will attract the attention of major producers and the media.
The festival program has the following sections: Official Selection - Competition – films never before shown in competition at any other international festival. East of the West - Competition – films from the former socialist bloc. Documentary Films - Competition – a competition divided into two parts: documentaries less than and longer than 30 minutes. Horizons and Another View – a selection of the most remarkable contemporary films. Imagina - films with an unconventional approach to narration and style and radical visions of film language. Out of the Past - classic, cult and unfairly overlooked films, screened in their original and restored versions. Future Frames: Ten New Filmmakers To Follow - ten directors, an upcoming generation of young European filmmakers, present their student films; the project is organized in cooperation with European Film Promotion. Midnight Screenings - a selection of the latest horror and action films, works that look at their genres in new humorous, ways. Czech Films – a representative selection of current Czech films.
Tributes, special focuses and retrospectives Since 1948, the Grand Prize has been the Crystal Globe – although its form has changed. As of the 35th Karlovy Vary IFF 2000 the Crystal Globe has taken on a new look: now the figure of a woman stands raising a crystal ball; the Feature Film Competition is divided into the following main awards: Grand Prix – Crystal Globe for best feature film Special Jury Prize Best Director Award Best Actress Award Best Actor AwardThe Documentary Competition is divided into the following main awards: Best Documentary Film in the category for film lasting 30 minutes or less Best Documentary Film in the category for film lasting above 30 minutes in lengthEach year, the festival presents the Crystal Globe for Outstanding Contribution to World Cinema. 1946: Nikolay Cherkasov, Rita Hayworth 1956: Dev Anand 1990: Miloš Forman, Robert De Niro, Annette Bening, Vojtěch Jasný, Maximilian Schell, Shirley Temple 1992: Coen brothers, Jason Connery, Aki Kaurismäki, Ken Loach, Agnieszka Holland 1994: Leonardo DiCaprio, Max von Sydow, Philippe Noiret 1995: Peter O'Toole, Fridrik Thór Fridriksson, Mia Farrow, Mika Kaur
Corse-du-Sud is a former department of France consisting of the southern part of the island of Corsica. It and the other Corsican department, Haute-Corse, decided to merge with each other and the single collectivity of Corsica effective 1 January 2018, coinciding with territorial elections The people living in Corse-du-Sud are called "Southerners"; the department was formed on 15 September 1975, when the single department of Corsica was divided into Haute-Corse and Corse-du-Sud. Its boundaries corresponded to the former department of Liamone, which existed from 1793 to 1811. On 6 February 1998, Corse-du-Sud's prefect Claude Érignac was assassinated in Ajaccio; the Corsican nationalist Yvan Colonna was convicted of the crime. On 6 July 2003 a referendum rejected increased autonomy by a small majority, with 50.98 percent voting against and 49.02 percent for. This was a major setback for the French Minister of the Interior, Nicolas Sarkozy, who had hoped to use Corsica as the first step in his decentralization programme.
The department was surrounded on three sides by the Mediterranean Sea and on the north by the department of Haute-Corse. The entire island of Corsica is mountainous with many beautiful beaches; the former department enjoys the mild and hot climate of Mediterranean Islands, therefore attracts a lot of tourists. Its largest tourist attraction is the city of Bonifacio, part of, built upon a huge cliff, but inside mountains are beautiful as well the Aiguilles de Bavella, some naked, needle-like rocks. Cantons of the Corse-du-Sud department Communes of the Corse-du-Sud department Arrondissements of the Corse-du-Sud department General Council website Corse-du-Sud at Curlie University of Corsica website
Jean Sorel is a French actor. Born Jean Bernard de Chieusses de Combaud de Roquebrune, he worked extensively in European cinema during the 1960s and 1970s with directors such as Luis Buñuel and Luchino Visconti. However, since 1980 he has worked in television, he was married to Italian actress Anna Maria Ferrero from 1962 until her death in 2018. Jean Sorel on IMDb Jean Sorel on Hollywood.com at the Wayback Machine