The Cinémathèque québécoise is a film conservatory in Montreal, Canada. Its purpose is to preserve and document film and television footage and related documents and artifacts for future use by the public; the Cinémathèque's collections include over 35,000 films from all eras and countries, 25,000 television programmes, 28,000 posters, 600,000 photos, 2,000 pieces of historical equipment, 15,000 scripts and production documents, 45,000 books, 3,000 magazine titles, thousands of files as well as objects and costumes. The conservatory includes a film theatre which screens rarely-seen film and video, it is located at 355 De Maisonneuve Boulevard East, in the city's Quartier Latin, part of the new Quartier des Spectacles cultural district. The Institut national de l'image et du son is located next door; the Connaissance du cinéma, soon after renamed the Cinémathèque canadienne, was founded in 1963. In 1971 the institution was renamed Cinémathèque québécoise; the Cinémathèque complex was extensively redesigned from 1994 to 1997 by the architectural firm of Saucier + Perrotte.
Awards for the design included the 1999 Governor General's Award for Architecture. In 2017 the Cinémathèque québécoise collaborated with the Vancouver Cinematheque, the Toronto International Film Festival and Library and Archives Canada mounted a retrospective of 150 culturally significant films. Official website
Montreal is the most populous municipality in the Canadian province of Quebec and the second-most populous municipality in Canada. Called Ville-Marie, or "City of Mary", it is named after Mount Royal, the triple-peaked hill in the heart of the city; the city is centred on the Island of Montreal, which took its name from the same source as the city, a few much smaller peripheral islands, the largest of, Île Bizard. It has a distinct four-season continental climate with cold, snowy winters. In 2016, the city had a population of 1,704,694, with a population of 1,942,044 in the urban agglomeration, including all of the other municipalities on the Island of Montreal; the broader metropolitan area had a population of 4,098,927. French is the city's official language and is the language spoken at home by 49.8% of the population of the city, followed by English at 22.8% and 18.3% other languages. In the larger Montreal Census Metropolitan Area, 65.8% of the population speaks French at home, compared to 15.3% who speak English.
The agglomeration Montreal is one of the most bilingual cities in Quebec and Canada, with over 59% of the population able to speak both English and French. Montreal is the second-largest French-speaking city in the world, after Paris, it is situated 258 kilometres south-west of Quebec City. The commercial capital of Canada, Montreal was surpassed in population and in economic strength by Toronto in the 1970s, it remains an important centre of commerce, transport, pharmaceuticals, design, art, tourism, fashion, gaming and world affairs. Montreal has the second-highest number of consulates in North America, serves as the location of the headquarters of the International Civil Aviation Organization, was named a UNESCO City of Design in 2006. In 2017, Montreal was ranked the 12th most liveable city in the world by the Economist Intelligence Unit in its annual Global Liveability Ranking, the best city in the world to be a university student in the QS World University Rankings. Montreal has hosted multiple international conferences and events, including the 1967 International and Universal Exposition and the 1976 Summer Olympics.
It is the only Canadian city to have held the Summer Olympics. In 2018, Montreal was ranked as an Alpha− world city; as of 2016 the city hosts the Canadian Grand Prix of Formula One, the Montreal International Jazz Festival and the Just for Laughs festival. In the Mohawk language, the island is called Tiohtià:ke Tsi, it is a name referring to the Lachine Rapids to the island's Ka-wé-no-te. It means "a place where nations and rivers unite and divide". In the Ojibwe language, the land is called Mooniyaang which means "the first stopping place" and is part of the seven fires prophecy; the city was first named Ville Marie by European settlers from La Flèche, or "City of Mary", named for the Virgin Mary. Its current name comes from the triple-peaked hill in the heart of the city. According to one theory, the name derives from mont Réal,. A possibility by the Government of Canada on its web site concerning Canadian place names, is that the name was adopted as it is written nowadays because an early map of 1556 used the Italian name of the mountain, Monte Real.
Archaeological evidence demonstrates that First Nations native people occupied the island of Montreal as early as 4,000 years ago. By the year AD 1000, they had started to cultivate maize. Within a few hundred years, they had built fortified villages; the Saint Lawrence Iroquoians, an ethnically and culturally distinct group from the Iroquois nations of the Haudenosaunee based in present-day New York, established the village of Hochelaga at the foot of Mount Royal two centuries before the French arrived. Archeologists have found evidence of their habitation there and at other locations in the valley since at least the 14th century; the French explorer Jacques Cartier visited Hochelaga on October 2, 1535, estimated the population of the native people at Hochelaga to be "over a thousand people". Evidence of earlier occupation of the island, such as those uncovered in 1642 during the construction of Fort Ville-Marie, have been removed. Seventy years the French explorer Samuel de Champlain reported that the St Lawrence Iroquoians and their settlements had disappeared altogether from the St Lawrence valley.
This is believed to be due to epidemics of European diseases, or intertribal wars. In 1611 Champlain established a fur trading post on the Island of Montreal, on a site named La Place Royale. At the confluence of Petite Riviere and St. Lawrence River, it is where present-day Pointe-à-Callière stands. On his 1616 map, Samuel de Champlain named the island Lille de Villemenon, in honour of the sieur de Villemenon, a French dignitary, seeking the viceroyship of New France. In 1639 Jérôme Le Royer de La Dauversière obtained the Seigneurial title to the Island of Montreal in the name of the Notre Dame Society of Montreal to establish a Roman Catholic mission to evangelize natives. Dauversiere hired Paul Chomedey de Maisonneuve 30, to lead a group of colonists to build a mission on his new seigneury; the colonists left France in 1641 for Quebec, arrived on the island the following year. On May 17, 1642, Ville-Marie was founded on the southern shore of Montreal is
Murdochville is a town in Quebec, one of only a few inland communities on the Gaspé Peninsula. Its population is 764. Murdochville is located along Quebec Route 198 in the geographic township of Holland, 40 kilometres south of L'Anse-Pleureuse and 93 kilometres west of Gaspé, it surrounded by high mountains. In 1921, copper ore was discovered in the area by the Miller brothers: Alfred, Frederick and Theophilus. However, it was not until 1950 that Noranda Mines began mining; the mining town was set up and named after James Y. Murdoch, owner of the mine and first president of Noranda. In 1953, the town was incorporated; the mining operation in the town was comparatively large, starting with mining the raw ore and finishing with an end product of pure copper anode. In the 1970s, the mining operation in Murdochville was large enough to support a population of 5,000 inhabitants. A number of large union battles in Murdochville helped lay the groundwork for ideas that still exist today; the 1957 Murdochville strike led to the adoption of several new laws protecting the rights of unionized workers in Quebec.
In 1987, the mine was destroyed by an underground fire, mining only resumed two years later. The mine closed in 1999. After several close calls, the small town has decided to fight back, in an effort to reverse the economic uncertainty that has befallen the town; this has included the creation of several large wind turbine projects, along with the diversification of the local economy, with emphasis on tourism. Murdochville has a warm-summer humid continental climate. Summers are cool and short, whereas winters are long and at times cold with massive amounts of snowfall; the brief summers are, mild enough to keep September right above 10 °C isotherm for humid continental. List of cities in Quebec Town of Murdochville Tourist Information about Murdochville CBC Radio Story: No Company Town: The Story of Murdochville
Concordia University is a public comprehensive university located in Montreal, Canada on unceded Indigenous lands. Founded in 1974 following the merger of Loyola College and Sir George Williams University, Concordia is one of the three universities in Quebec where English is the primary language of instruction; as of the 2017–2018 academic year, there were 46,093 students enrolled at Concordia, making the university among the largest in Canada by enrolment. The university has two campuses, set 7 kilometres apart: Sir George Williams Campus is the main campus in Downtown Montreal, in an area known as Quartier Concordia, Loyola Campus in the residential district of Notre-Dame-de-Grâce. With four faculties, a school of graduate studies and numerous colleges and institutes, Concordia offers over 300 undergraduate and 100 graduate programs and courses; the university's John Molson School of Business is ranked within the top 10 Canadian business schools, within the top 100 worldwide. Moreover, Concordia was ranked 7th among Canadian and 229th among world universities in the International Professional Classification of Higher Education Institutions, a worldwide ranking compiled by the École des Mines de Paris that uses as its sole criterion the number of graduates occupying the rank of Chief Executive Officer at Fortune 500 companies.
Concordia is a non-sectarian and coeducational institution, with more than 200,000 living alumni worldwide. The university is a member of the Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada, the International Association of Universities, the Association of Commonwealth Universities, the Canadian Association of Research Libraries, the Canadian University Society for Intercollegiate Debate as well as the Canadian Bureau for International Education and the Canadian University Press; the university's varsity teams, known as the Stingers, compete in the Quebec Student Sport Federation of Canadian Interuniversity Sport. Although the roots of its founding institutions go back more than 160 years, Concordia University was formed on August 24, 1974, through the merger of Loyola College and Sir George Williams University. Loyola College traces its roots to an English-language program at the Jesuit Collège Sainte-Marie de Montréal at the Sacred Heart Convent. In 1896, Loyola College was established at the corner of Saint Catherine Street.
Loyola College was named in honour of Ignatius of founder of the Society of Jesus. On March 10, 1898, the institution was incorporated by the Government of Quebec and became a full-fledged college; the same year, following a fire, the college was relocated, further west on Drummond Street, south of Saint Catherine. Although founded as a collège classique, Loyola began granting university degrees through Université Laval in 1903; the college moved into the present west-end campus on Sherbrooke Street West in Notre-Dame-de-Grâce in 1916. The School of Sociology opened in 1918. In 1920, the institution became affiliated with the Université de Montréal, which began granting degrees instead of Université Laval. Memorial bronze honour roll plaques in the entrance hall, administrative offices are dedicated to those from Loyola College who fought in the First and Second World Wars and the Korean War; the inter-war period was marked by the shift of education in the institution, the "collège classique" education was replaced by humanistic education in 1940, Loyola became a four-year university.
Loyola College never became a chartered university, never had the ability to grant its own university degrees. Theology and philosophy were taught to all students until 1972. In 1940, the Faculty of Science and the Department of Engineering, which became a faculty in 1964, were created. In addition to providing the same undergraduate programs as other colleges, the institution offered innovative fields of study at the time, such as exercise science and communication studies. Students could enrol in academic majors starting in 1953 and honours programs in 1958. Students graduating from Loyola could afterwards pursue graduate-level education in other universities, with a few earning Rhodes Scholarships. Starting in 1958, Loyola began offering its first evening courses for students not being able to go to school full-time. New courses were given in faith community nursing. Since its creation, Loyola College had welcomed exclusively young English-speaking Catholic men as students, it became co-ed in 1959 and became less homogeneous with the ever-increasing number of foreign students.
Obtaining a university charter was an important issue in the 1960s. Although many wanted the Loyola College to become Loyola University, the Quebec government preferred to annex it to Sir George Williams University. Negotiations began in 1968 and ended with the creation of Concordia University on August 24, 1974. In 1851, the first YMCA in North America was established on Ste-Helene street in Old Montreal. Beginning in 1873, the YMCA offered evening classes to allow working people in the English-speaking community to pursue their education while working during the day. Sixty years the Montreal YMCA relocated to its current location on Stanley Street in Downtown Montreal. In 1926, the education program at the YMCA was re-organized as Sir George Williams College, named after George Williams, founder of the original YMCA in London, upon which the Montreal YMCA was based. In 1934, Sir George Williams College offered the first undergraduate credit course in adult education in Canada. Sir George Williams College became Sir George Williams University
National Film Board of Canada
The National Film Board of Canada is Canada's public film and digital media producer and distributor. An agency of the Government of Canada, the NFB produces and distributes documentary films, web documentaries, alternative dramas. In total, the NFB has produced over 3,000 productions since its inception, which have won over 5,000 awards; the NFB reports to the Parliament of Canada through the Minister of Canadian Heritage. It has English-language and French-language production branches. 1939: The government of Canada proposes the creation of a National Film Commission to complement the activities of the Canadian Government Motion Picture Bureau. The legislation stipulates that the NFB was to “make and distribute films designed to help Canadians in all parts of Canada to understand the ways of living and the problems of Canadians in other parts.” Legislation stated that the NFB would co-ordinate the film activities of federal departments. 1950: Canada's Parliament passes the National Film Act, which states that NFB's mandate is "to produce and distribute and to promote the production and distribution of films designed to interpret Canada to Canadians and to other nations."
This act stipulates that the NFB is to engage in film research. 1965: As a result of a report written by producer Gordon Sheppard on Canadian cultural policies and activities, the NFB began regionalizing its English production activities, with producers appointed in major cities across Canada. 1984: Minister of Communications Francis Fox released a National Film and Video Policy, which added two new elements to the mandate, with the NFB tasked with being "a world centre of excellence in production of films and videos" and "a national training and research centre in the art and technique of film and video." 2008: The NFB announces a Strategic Plan that includes its first digital strategy. The National Film Board maintains its head office in Saint-Laurent, a borough of Montreal, in the Norman McLaren electoral district, named in honour of the NFB animation pioneer; the NFB HQ building is named for McLaren, is home to much of its production activity. In the second quarter of 2018, the NFB is scheduled to move to its headquarters to the new Îlot Balmoral building located at Montreal's Quartier des spectacles, adjacent to the Place des Festivals square.
The NFB will occupy the first six floors of the building, which will allow it to have closer contact with the public, will feature expanded digital media research and production facilities. In addition to the English and French-language studios in its Montreal HQ, there are centres throughout Canada. English-language production occurs at centres in Toronto, Edmonton and Halifax; as of October 2009, the Atlantic Centre operates an office in St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador. In June 2011, the NFB appointed a producer to work with film and digital media makers across Saskatchewan, to be based in Regina. Outside Quebec, French language productions are made in Moncton and Toronto; the NFB offers support programs for independent filmmakers: in English, via the Filmmaker Assistance Program and in French through its Aide du cinéma indépendant – Canada program. The organization has a hierarchical structure headed by a Board of Trustees, chaired by the Government Film Commissioner and NFB Chairperson.
It is overseen by the Board of Trustees Legal Affairs. Funding is derived from government of Canada transfer payments, from its own revenue streams; these revenues are from print sales, film production services and royalties, total up to $10 million yearly. As a result of cuts imposed by 2012 Canadian federal budget, by 2015 the NFB's public funding will be reduced by $6.7 million, to $60.3 million. As part of the 2016 Canadian federal budget, the NFB will receive an additional $13.5 million in funding, spread out over a five-year period. In 1938, the Government of Canada invited John Grierson, a British documentary film producer who introduced the term "documentary" to English-speaking film criticism, to study the state of the government's film production. Up to that date, the Government Motion Picture Bureau, established in 1918, had been the major Canadian film producer; the results of Grierson's report were included in the National Film Act of 1939. In 1939, the Act led to the establishment of the National Film Commission, subsequently renamed the National Film Board.
The NFB was founded in part to create propaganda in support of the Second World War. In 1940, with Canada at war, the NFB launched its Canada Carries On series of morale boosting theatrical shorts; the success of Canada Carries On led to the creation of The World in Action, more geared to international audiences. In this period, other NFB films were issued as newsreels, such as The War Is Over, intended for theatrical showings; these films were based on current news and tackled wartime events as well as contemporary issues in Canadian culture. Early in its history, the NFB was a English-speaking institution. Based in Ottawa, 90% of its staff were English and the few French Canadians in production worked with English crews. There was a French Unit, responsible for versioning films into French but it was headed by an Anglophone, and in NFB annual reports of the time, French films were listed under "foreign languages". Screenwriter Jacques Bobet, hired in 1947
Hôpital Saint-Luc was a hospital in Montreal, Canada]at the intersection of Saint Denis Street and René Lévesque Boulevard in the borough of Ville-Marie. It was named in honor of Luke the Evangelist, the patron saint of doctors in the Roman Catholic religion. Hôpital Saint-Luc was founded in 1908 by Dr. F. A. Fleury in a private home at 88 Saint Denis Street, Montreal; the hospital was located in the poorest neighborhood of Montreal. The founder, Dr. F. A. Fleury wanted to treat children in need. Hôpital Saint-Luc had a mission to accept, without any person requiring care. In 1912, hospital officials required the assistance of the City of Montreal to pay the salaries of its dentists. During the years of Great Depression following the 1929 stock market crash, agreements with the city provided a number of beds to be available to the homeless patients collected by the police in addition to both domestic and foreign sailors from the Port of Montreal. In exchange, the city and the Government of Canada compensated the hospital for each visit or hospitalization.
These new modes of cooperation were precursors to universal access to medical care. Hôpital Saint-Luc was notably the first hospital to offer 24-hour emergency services regardless of ethnic, linguistic or religious identity; the hospital was specialized since its founding in the fields of Otolaryngology, Ophthalmology and clinical venereal disease. Over the years, the need for hospitalization become urgent. In 1928 the small hospital was inaugurated. A chain of successive expansions took place thereafter, allowing Hôpital Saint-Luc to offer a total of 814 beds. On October 1, 1996, Hôpital Saint-Luc signed a memorandum of understanding that made it one of the three hospitals belonging to the Centre hospitalier de l’Université de Montréal network. In March 2005, construction of the CHUM megahospital was announced to be located on 1000 Saint-Denis on a site adjacent to Hôpital Saint-Luc; the megahospital was opened to patients on October 8, 2017. The building was to be demolished and replaced with an additional wing of the CHUM.
The demolition is slated to be completed by July 2018. In addition to its main facility, Hôpital Saint-Luc had two secondary buildings in Pavillon Roland-Buck and Pavillon Edouard-Asselin. Pavillon Roland-Buck was replaced by a segment of the new megahospital. Pavillon Edouard-Asselin is still in operation and is expected to be returned to the Government of Quebec at some point in the future. Centre hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal
Jacobus Willem Hoedeman is a Dutch-Canadian filmmaker known for his mastery of stop motion animation and technical innovation in films that reveal his close observation of human and social interaction. Hoedeman was born during the German occupation of the Netherlands and survived the Hunger Winter of 1944-45, when many of Amsterdam's residents died of starvation brought on by a German blockade and other factors. At the age of 15, Hoedeman left school to work as a photograph retoucher in the printing industry in his native the Netherlands, but soon decided to try film, he first worked at Multifilm, a small production company in Haarlem, at Cinecentrum in Hilversum, where he worked in the optical and special effects department and helped out with camera and sound work when he could. Hoedeman spent his evenings taking courses at the School of Fine Arts in Amsterdam and the School of Photography in The Hague; as his skills improved, he took on more complex work, including transitions and models, began designing and directing commercials.
Hoedeman immigrated to Canada in 1965 with his then-wife, on the chance that the National Film Board of Canada might hire him. He showed up at the NFB with a reel of his previous work under his arm, within days landed a job as a production assistant, his first major project there was an educational film called Continental Drift. He moved to the created French Animation Studio and made what he called his first "real" film, Oddball, in 1969. Wanting to learn more about stop-motion animation techniques, he went to Czechoslovakia in 1970 to study puppet animation. On his return, he produced the innovative and charming children's film Tchou-Tchou, made by using wooden blocks, he made a series of animated films based on Inuit legends: The Man and the Giant, The Owl and the Lemming, The Owl and the Raven and Lumaaq. He collaborated with artists in the Arctic communities of Frobisher Bay and Povungnituk to illustrate the legends, using sealskin figures, soapstone carvings, drawings, his next project was the ambitious The Sand Castle / Le Château de sable, a touching fable that earned him the Academy Award for Best Animated Short Film at the 50th Academy Awards.
This work, which featured an array of odd creatures created from foam rubber and sand, won numerous international awards and has proven to be an enduring favourite. With every film, Hoedeman experimented with new techniques and materials, including papier-mâché, paper cutouts, computer animation. In 1992, Hoedeman collaborated with a group of Native and Inuit inmates at La Macaza Penitentiary in northern Quebec to make The Sniffing Bear / L'Ours renifleur, a cautionary tale about substance abuse, he followed that with another serious film, The Garden of Écos / Le Jardin d'Écos, an ecological fable that shows just how easy it is to upset the balance of nature. In 1998, Hoedeman returned to his passion – making whimsical children's films – by crafting a series of four puppet films featuring Ludovic, a sweet young teddy bear, his family; the Snow Gift, A Crocodile in My Garden, Visiting Grandpa, Magic in the Air were released together on DVD under the title Four Seasons in the Life of Ludovic.
His last film as an employee of the National Film Board was Mariannne's Theatre, which he completed after learning that he and fellow animation pioneer Jacques Drouin would both be laid off just short of retirement, victims of budget cuts and the NFB's move toward hiring filmmakers on contract, rather than supporting full-time, permanent staff. Hoedeman now acts as consultant, he is working several projects, including the production of an animated TV series based on his Ludovic films. Hoedeman is the subject of two documentary films: Nico Crama's Co Hoedeman, Animator and In the Animator's Eye: A Conjurer's Tales - Co Hoedeman. Continental Drift Oddball Matrioska Tchou-tchou The Owl and the Lemming: An Eskimo Legend The Owl and the Raven: An Eskimo Legend Lumaaq: An Eskimo Legend The Man and the Giant: An Eskimo Legend The Sand Castle / Le château de sable The Treasure of the Grotoceans / Le trésor des Grotocéans Masquerade Charles and François The Box / La Boîte The Sniffing Bear / L'Ours renifleur The Garden of Écos / Le jardin d'Écos Ludovic: The Snow Gift Ludovic: A Crocodile in My Garden Ludovic: Visiting Grandpa Ludovic: Magic in the Air Marianne's Theatre / Le théâtre de Marianne Winter Days / The Poets of Winter Days 55 Socks Olivier Cotte Secrets of Oscar-winning animation: Behind the scenes of 13 classic short animations.
Focal Press. ISBN 978-0-240-52070-4 Co Hoedeman on IMDb Online films by Co Hoedeman and blog article at NFB.ca Co Hoedeman: Overview of work- The Magical Imagination of a Humanist Filmmaker