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Mariensztat

Mariensztat is a neighbourhood in Warsaw's borough of Śródmieście. It is located between the historical Old Town; the historical neighbourhood dates from the 18th century, when local nobleman Eustachy Potocki married Maria Kątska and received the parcel of land as part of Kątska's dowry. He established a jurydyka and named the town Maryenstadt after his wife, adding the German suffix stadt to please the Saxon king of Poland. After World War II, the spelling "Mariensztat" was adopted, which has the same pronunciation in Polish as Marienstadt has in German; the neighbourhood was razed to the ground during the Warsaw Uprising in 1944, with only a few burnt out shells of buildings remaining. Reconstruction work began in 1948, involving a complete redesign of the street plan and architectural appearance of the area. Mariensztat became a model housing project under Poland's new communist and socialist authorities, was the first part of the city to be completed in their ongoing reconstruction of Warsaw.

The neighbourhood was featured in a 1953 film Adventure in Marienstadt. Mariensztat is one of the smallest districts of Warsaw. All the housing was built in 1948-1949. Architects Zygmunt Stępiński and Józef Sigalin designed the post war buildings so as to evoke in a loose way the small-town buildings of 18th century Praga; the façades of some homes were maintained. This was the first Warsaw housing estate built after World War II on a spot destroyed in the Warsaw Uprising. Much of the rebuild, built with bricks from demolition in Warsaw; the Mariensztacki Hotel is one of Warsaw's oldest public bars. The etymology of the name comes from the German language word Marienstadt, which means "city of Mary"; as Mariensztat was owned by Eustace and Maria Potocki. The name comes from the name of the owner. Media related to Mariensztat at Wikimedia Commons

Pran Sukh Yadav

Pran Sukh Ahir was a military commander. He a revolutionary of the Indian Rebellion of 1857 and as a close friend of Hari Singh Nalwa and the Punjab ruler Maharaja Ranjit Singh. In his early career, Yadav trained the Sikh Khalsa Army. After the death of Ranjit Singh, he fought in both the Second Anglo-Sikh Wars, his hatred of the British after the defeat of Sikhs led him to begin giving military training to the farmers of Alwar, Narnaul and Mahendragarh region. Rao Mitra Sen Ahir Rao Gopal Dev Rao Ruda Singh Rao Birender Singh

1866 in the United Kingdom

Events from the year 1866 in the United Kingdom. Monarch – Victoria Prime Minister – John Russell, 1st Earl Russell. 12 January Royal Aeronautical Society is formed as'The Aeronautical Society of Great Britain' in London, the world's oldest such society. Auxiliary steamer SS London sinks in a storm in the Bay of Biscay on passage from Gravesend to Australia with the loss of 244 people and only 19 survivors. 11 May – London bank Overend and Company collapses precipitating a financial crisis. 18 June – Lord Russell loses a vote of no confidence against his government. 26 June – Lord Russell resigns as Prime Minister, following splits in the Liberal Party over parliamentary reform. The Earl of Derby takes over. July – Elizabeth Garrett Anderson opens the St Mary's Dispensary in the Marylebone district of London where women can seek medical advice from female practitioners. 2 July – The Yorkshire Post first published as a daily newspaper in Leeds. 5 July – marriage of Princess Helena, third daughter of Queen Victoria, to Prince Christian of Schleswig-Holstein at Windsor.

23 to 25 July – demonstrations in Hyde Park, London, in favour of parliamentary reform turn violent. 27 July – the SS Great Eastern completes laying the transatlantic telegraph cable between Valentia Island and Heart's Content, permanently restoring a communications link. End July – W. G. Grace scores 224 not out for the All-England cricket team against Surrey at the Oval, just after his 18th birthday. 1 August – the National Olympian Association stages the first National Olympian Games field events at The Crystal Palace in South London. W. G. Grace wins the 440 yards hurdles. 6 September – the Great Tea Race of 1866 ends in London, narrowly won by the clipper ship Taeping. September General Post Office begins erection of hexagonal pillar boxes to the design of John Penfold; the song Hen Wlad Fy Nhadau – to become the official national anthem of Wales – is sung for the first time at the National Eisteddfod of Wales held at Chester. 12 December – the Oaks explosion in the Barnsley seam in Yorkshire kills 361 coal miners.

This is the all-time worst colliery or mining disaster in England, the worst mining accident in the U. K. until 1913. A cholera epidemic in London causes over 5,000 deaths. Invention of the clinical thermometer by Thomas Clifford Allbutt. John Langdon Down describes Down syndrome. Worcester College for the Blind Sons of Gentlemen opens as a boarding establishment in Worcester. Morris Chair introduced by William Morris. Cadbury's first sell cocoa for drinking. Colman's mustard receives a Royal Warrant. General Post Office writes to all urban householders without a front door letter box urging them to provide one; the Society of St. John the Evangelist is founded by Richard Meux Benson at Cowley, the first stable Anglican religious order for men since the Reformation. John Graham Chambers founds the Amateur Athletic Club. George Eliot's novel Felix Holt, the Radical. Mrs Oliphant’s novel Miss Marjoribanks. John Robert Seeley's controversial and anonymous work Ecce Homo: A Survey in the Life and Work of Jesus Christ.

Hesba Stretton's children's story. A. C. Swinburne's Ballads. 17 April – Ernest Starling, physiologist 7 June – Ernest William Hornung, author 26 June – George Herbert, 5th Earl of Carnarvon, financier of Egyptian excavations 28 July – Beatrix Potter, children's author 21 September – H. G. Wells, writer 12 October – Ramsay MacDonald, Prime Minister 8 November – Herbert Austin, 1st Baron Austin, car designer 30 November – Robert Broom, paleontologist 3 December – Ethna Carbery, born Anna Johnston, Irish poet 23 January – Thomas Love Peacock, satirical novelist 27 January – John Gibson, sculptor, 6 March – William Whewell, scientist and historian of science 5 April – Thomas Hodgkin, physician 10 September – David Hay, interior decorator 1 December – George Everest, geodesist 1866 in Scotland