Cabaret is a form of entertainment featuring music, dance, recitation, or drama. It is mainly distinguished by the venue, which might be a pub. The audience, often dining or drinking, does not typically dance, performances are usually introduced by a master of ceremonies or MC. The entertainment, as done by an ensemble of actors and according to its European origins, is oriented towards adult audiences. In the United States striptease, drag shows, or a solo vocalist with a pianist, the word cabaret was first used in 1655. It is derived from tavern probably from Middle Dutch cambret, the word cabaret came to mean a restaurant or night club by 1912. Cabaret can be divided in 10 different types. However, these are artificial dividing lines, cabaret shows are most of the time a compound of elements from the different types, the cabaret performer plays with language, sometimes poetic, but often is he or she rock hard and hateful. The cabaret performer analyses in his/her stubborn manner actual and political topics, the cabaret performer tells an often slightly absurd story with a moral packed in it.
The cabaret performer plays with music, for example by twisting or combining familiar melodies, the cabaret performer tells nonsensical and absurd stories and plays idiotic types. The emphasis is less on text in the show of cabaret performer. Here the cabaret performer eludes on his liberating through laughter role, an iteration of storytelling cabaret The cabaret performer quickly switches between the different styles/types of cabaret, types, or songs. In this the cabaret performer is a guest at a government, institution or a company, cabarets existed in Paris in the 16th century, they were ancestors of the modern restaurant. Unlike taverns they sold wine not by itself but only with a meal, customers might sing if they had drunk enough wine, but early cabarets did not have formal programs of entertainment. Cabarets were frequently used as meeting places for writers and artists, in 1773 French poets, painters and writers began to meet in a cabaret called Le Caveau on rue de Buci, where they composed and sang songs.
The Caveau continued until 1816, when it was forced to close because its clients wrote songs mocking the royal government, in the 18th century the café-concert or café-chantant appeared, which offered food along with music, singers, or magicians. The most famous was the Cafe des Aveugles in the cellars of the Palais-Royal, in the early 19th century many cafés-chantants appeared around the city, the most famous were the Café des Ambassadeurs on the Champs-Élysées and the Eldorado on boulevard Strasbourg. By 1900 there were more than 150 cafés-chantants in Paris, the first cabaret in the modern sense was Le Chat Noir in the Bohemian neighborhood of Montmartre, created in 1881 by Rodolphe Salis, a theatrical agent and entrepreneur
The Cameri Theater, established in 1944 in Tel Aviv, is one of the leading theaters in Israel, and is housed at the Tel Aviv Performing Arts Center. The Cameri, Tel Avivs municipal theater, stages up to ten new productions a year, the theater has 34,000 subscribers and attracts some 900,000 spectators annually. In 2003, the Cameri moved into its new home at the Tel Aviv Performing Arts Center complex, adjacent to the New Israeli Opera, the Municipal Library and the Tel Aviv Museum of Art. The new theater has five auditoriums, Cameri 1, the largest auditorium, has 930 seats, Cameri 2 has 430 seats, the Black Box seats 250, and the Rehearsal Hall seats 160. The Cameri offers ticket subsidies for senior citizens and simultaneous translation of its productions into English, the director general of the Cameri, Noam Semel, founded the Institute of Israeli Drama, which promotes Israeli theater in Israel and abroad. In 2005, the Cameri won the Israel Prize, for its achievements and special contribution to society.
List of Israel Prize recipients Culture of Israel Cameri theatre website Israel Prize Official Site - CV of the Cameri Theater
The piano is an acoustic, stringed musical instrument invented around the year 1700, in which the strings are struck by hammers. It is played using a keyboard, which is a row of keys that the performer presses down or strikes with the fingers and thumbs of both hands to cause the hammers to strike the strings. The word piano is a form of pianoforte, the Italian term for the early 1700s versions of the instrument. The first fortepianos in the 1700s had a sound and smaller dynamic range. An acoustic piano usually has a wooden case surrounding the soundboard and metal strings. Pressing one or more keys on the keyboard causes a padded hammer to strike the strings. The hammer rebounds from the strings, and the continue to vibrate at their resonant frequency. These vibrations are transmitted through a bridge to a soundboard that amplifies by more efficiently coupling the acoustic energy to the air, when the key is released, a damper stops the strings vibration, ending the sound. Notes can be sustained, even when the keys are released by the fingers and thumbs and this means that the piano can play 88 different pitches, going from the deepest bass range to the highest treble.
The black keys are for the accidentals, which are needed to play in all twelve keys, more rarely, some pianos have additional keys. Most notes have three strings, except for the bass that graduates from one to two, the strings are sounded when keys are pressed or struck, and silenced by dampers when the hands are lifted from the keyboard. There are two types of piano, the grand piano and the upright piano. The grand piano is used for Classical solos, chamber music and art song and it is used in jazz. The upright piano, which is compact, is the most popular type, as they are a better size for use in private homes for domestic music-making. During the nineteenth century, music publishers produced many works in arrangements for piano, so that music lovers could play. The piano is widely employed in classical, jazz and popular music for solo and ensemble performances, with technological advances, amplified electric pianos, electronic pianos, and digital pianos have been developed. The electric piano became an instrument in the 1960s and 1970s genres of jazz fusion, funk music.
The piano was founded on earlier technological innovations in keyboard instruments, pipe organs have been used since Antiquity, and as such, the development of pipe organs enabled instrument builders to learn about creating keyboard mechanisms for sounding pitches
Eilat is Israels southernmost city, a busy port and popular resort at the northern tip of the Red Sea, on the Gulf of Aqaba. The citys beaches, coral reef and desert landscapes make it a destination for domestic. A concerted effort by the Israeli Government to populate Elat began in 1955, Eilats arid desert climate and low humidity are moderated by proximity to a warm sea. Temperatures often exceed 40 °C in summer, and 21 °C in winter, Eilat averages 360 sunny days a year. With an annual rainfall of 28 millimetres and summer temperatures of 40 °C and higher, water resources. The main elements that influenced the history were the copper resources and other minerals, the ancient international roads that crossed the area. These resulted in a settlement density that defies the environmental conditions, like numerous other localities, Eilat is mentioned in the Bible both in singular and plural form. The original settlement was probably at the tip of the Gulf of Eilat. Ancient Egyptian records document the extensive and lucrative mining operations, Eilat is mentioned in antiquity as a major trading partner with Elim, Thebes Red Sea Port, as early as the Twelfth dynasty of Egypt.
In antiquity Eilat bordered the states of Edom and the territory of the Rephidim. Eilat is first mentioned in the Hebrew Bible in the Book of Exodus, the first six stations of the Exodus are in Egypt. The 7th is the crossing of the Red Sea and the 9th–13th are in and around Eilat, after the exodus from Egypt, station 12 refers to a dozen campsites in and around Timna in Modern Israel near Eilat. When King David conquered Edom, which up to had been a border of Edom and Midian, he took over Eilat. The commercial port city and copper based industrial center were maintained by Egypt until reportedly rebuilt by Solomon at a known as Ezion-Geber. In 2 Kings 14, 21–22 All the people of Judah took Uzziah, who was sixteen years old and he rebuilt Elath, and restored it to Judah, after his fathers death. And again in 2 Kings 16,6, At that time the king of Edom recovered Elath for Edom and it was a prosperous Judean trading port from the 9th through 7th centuries BCE. Naʾaman, Nadav. During the Roman period a road was built to link the area with the Nabataean city of Petra, in the writings of medieval Muslim scholars, such as Al-Waqidi, it is told that Muhammad made a treaty with Eilats population and Christians.
In the treaty, Muhammad offered protection to the Jews and the Christians, preserving their self-rule over the city, another reference to the Eilat in Islamic texts is believed to appear in the Quran, sura 7, 163–169
An ethnic group or ethnicity is a category of people who identify with each other based on similarities, such as common ancestral, social, cultural or national experiences. Unlike other social groups, ethnicity is often an inherited status based on the society in which one lives, in some cases, it can be adopted if a person moves into another society. Ethnic groups, derived from the historical founder population, often continue to speak related languages. By way of language shift, acculturation and religious conversion, it is possible for individuals or groups to leave one ethnic group. Ethnicity is often used synonymously with terms such as nation or people. In English, it can have the connotation of something exotic, generally related to cultures of more recent immigrants, the largest ethnic groups in modern times comprise hundreds of millions of individuals, while the smallest are limited to a few dozen individuals. Conversely, formerly separate ethnicities can merge to form a pan-ethnicity, whether through division or amalgamation, the formation of a separate ethnic identity is referred to as ethnogenesis.
The term ethnic is derived from the Greek word ἔθνος ethnos, the inherited English language term for this concept is folk, used alongside the latinate people since the late Middle English period. In Early Modern English and until the mid-19th century, ethnic was used to mean heathen or pagan, as the Septuagint used ta ethne to translate the Hebrew goyim the nations, non-Hebrews, non-Jews. The Greek term in antiquity could refer to any large group, a host of men. In the 19th century, the term came to be used in the sense of peculiar to a race, people or nation, the abstract ethnicity had been used for paganism in the 18th century, but now came to express the meaning of an ethnic character. The term ethnic group was first recorded in 1935 and entered the Oxford English Dictionary in 1972, depending on the context that is used, the term nationality may either be used synonymously with ethnicity, or synonymously with citizenship. The process that results in the emergence of an ethnicity is called ethnogenesis, the Greeks at this time did not describe foreign nations but had developed a concept of their own ethnicity, which they grouped under the name of Hellenes.
Herodotus gave an account of what defined Greek ethnic identity in his day, enumerating shared descent. Whether ethnicity qualifies as a universal is to some extent dependent on the exact definition used. Many social scientists, such as anthropologists Fredrik Barth and Eric Wolf and they regard ethnicity as a product of specific kinds of inter-group interactions, rather than an essential quality inherent to human groups. According to Thomas Hylland Eriksen, the study of ethnicity was dominated by two distinct debates until recently, one is between primordialism and instrumentalism. In the primordialist view, the participant perceives ethnic ties collectively, as a given, even coercive
Yehudit Ravitz is an Israeli singer-songwriter and music producer. She is one of the most successful and famous Israeli rock musicians, as of 2012, she has released 12 solo albums. She was accepted to the Combat Engineering Corps military band by Ehud Manor, while serving in the army, she joined the Israeli rock group Sheshet. She performed the song Forgiveness, a composition to the song of the Israeli poet Leah Goldberg, Ravitz finished sixth place at the festival, but the song became Song of The Year in 1977. As a result of her success, she left Sheshet and began a solo career and that same year, she participated in A Beautiful Tropical Country, a tribute concert for Brazilian music, produced by Matti Caspi. In 1978, she joined Gidi Gov, Yoni Rechter and David Broza to record The 16th Sheep and this album of childrens music has enjoyed enduring popularity in Israel since. In 1987, Ravitz released the successful rock album Coming from Love. She produced Corinne Allals 1989 album Antarctica, which enjoyed widespread success in Israel.
In 1994, Ravitz participated in the Jazz concert Jazz Film and Videotape, in 1995, she collaborated with Esther Ofarim on a live performance, released on DVD, including a duet of Cinderella Rockafella. In 1997, she released the album What Kind of Girl, on July 3,2008, Ravitz performed her first Caesarea Amphitheatre show in a decade to a sold-out crowd, after participating as a model musician in the Israeli reality television show Kokhav Nolad. Due to high demand, additional shows were added, with tickets selling out within days and her most recent album, Songs from Home, was released in 2010. The album is a tribute to classic Israeli songs, Ravitz is openly lesbian and has two children with her partner, Naomi Kaniuk, daughter of the author Yoram Kaniuk
It was founded in 1918, making it the longest running newspaper currently still in print in Israel, and is now published in both Hebrew and English in Berliner format. The English edition is published and sold together with the International New York Times, both Hebrew and English editions can be read on the Internet. In North America, it out as a weekly newspaper. It is known for its left-wing and liberal stances on domestic, as of 2016, the newspaper had a weekday exposure rate of 3. 9% in Israel, significantly lower than the countrys other national newspapers. Haaretz was first published in 1918 as a newspaper sponsored by the British military government in Palestine, in 1919, it was taken over by a group of socialist-oriented Zionists, mainly from Russia. The newspaper was established on 18 June 1919 by a group of businessmen including prominent philanthropist Isaac Leib Goldberg, the name was shortened to Haaretz. The literary section of the paper attracted leading Hebrew writers of the time, the newspaper was initially published in Jerusalem.
From 1919 to 1922, the paper was headed by a succession of editors and it was shut down briefly due to a budgetary shortfall and reopened in Tel Aviv at the beginning of 1923 under the editorship of Moshe Glickson, who held the post for 15 years. The Tel Aviv municipality granted the financial support by paying in advance for future advertisements. Salman Schocken, a wealthy German Jewish Zionist who owned a chain of department stores in Germany and his son, Gershom Schocken, became the chief editor in 1939 and held that position until his death in 1990. Until August 2006, the Schocken family owned 100% of the Haaretz Group, the deal was negotiated with the help of former Israeli ambassador to Germany, Avi Primor. This deal was seen as controversial in Israel as DuMont Schaubergs father, Kurt Neven DuMont, was member of the German Nazi party, while his publishing house promoted Nazi ideology. On 12 June 2011, it was announced that Russian-Israeli businessman Leonid Nevzlin had purchased a 20% stake in the Haaretz Group, buying 15% from the family and this means that the Schocken family now owns 60% and M.
DuMont Schauberg and Leonid Nevzlin have 20% each. In October 2012, a union strike mobilized to protest planned layoffs by the Haaretz management, as a consequence, both the Haaretz newspaper and its TheMarker business supplement were not printed for one day. According to Israel Radio, it was the first time since 1965 that a newspaper did not go to press on account of a strike, the newspapers editorial policy was defined by Gershom Schocken, who was editor-in-chief from 1939 to 1990. Schocken was succeeded as editor-in-chief by Hanoch Marmari, in 2004 David Landau replaced Marmari and was succeeded by Dov Alfon in 2008. The current editor-in-chief of the newspaper is Aluf Benn, who replaced Alfon in August 2011, charlotte Halle became editor of the English Print Edition in February 2008. Haaretz describes itself as having a liberal outlook both on domestic issues and on international affairs
Ben Shemen Youth Village
Ben Shemen Youth Village is a youth village and agricultural boarding school in central Israel. Located near Ben Shemen and Ginaton, it falls under the jurisdiction of Hevel Modiin Regional Council, in 2015 it had a population of 625. The village was established in 1927 on the land of the Hadid factory by Siegfried Lehman and its aim was to endow children with a Zionist ethic, teach them to work the land, and install an appreciation of responsibility. The schools first students were from Kaunas in Lithuania, in 1947, it had a population of roughly 1,000. During the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, the village was under siege by the Arab Legion. Notable graduates include Shimon Peres, Shulamit Aloni, Moshe Katsav, Dan Ben Amotz, Micha Tomkiewicz, Amitai Etzioni, today, it has around 1,000 students, of which 400 live in the village
Maariv is a national Hebrew-language daily newspaper published in Israel. It is second in sales after Yedioth Ahronoth and third in readership after Israel HaYom, from Sunday to Thursday the newspaper is printed under the Maariv Hashavua brand, while the weekend edition that is out on Friday is printed under the Maariv SofHashavua brand. Since May 2014, Maarivs co-editors in chief are Doron Cohen, apart from the daily newspaper and its supplements, Maariv has a chain of local newspapers with a national scale distribution and magazines division. Maariv was founded in 1948 by former Yediot Aharonot journalists led by Dr. Ezriel Carlebach and it was the most widely read newspaper in Israel in its first twenty years. For many years, the Nimrodi family held a stake in Maariv. However, it was announced in March 2011 that Nochi Dankner was to control of Maariv through his Discount Investment. On 25 March, Discount transferred 20 million NIS to the struggling firm, on 11 September, Maarivs chairman Dani Yakobi issued a statement saying that he would sell the newspapers printing equipment to be able to pay September salaries.
On 7 September, Globes announced that Dankner had reached an agreement with Shlomo Ben-Zvi, publisher of Makor Rishon, the deal faltered, and Dankner turned to the court on 23 September for a stay of proceedings process. The court appointed a trustee, Shlomo Nass, who ran the newspaper, during the following weeks the workers waged a campaign against IDB and Dankner, demanding he honor his obligations to them and pay their salaries and severance packages in full. In early November the trustee sold the newspaper to Ben Zvi without the debts or the workers, Ben Zvi kept a fraction of the journalists and commenced a partial convergence process between Maariv and Makor Rishon under his company, Makor Rishon Hatzofe Hameuchad. As of January 2013, the company Maariv Modiin Ltd. no longer operates Maariv, in March 2014, after a long struggle to stabilize the company, Ben Zvi turned to the municipal Jerusalem court for a stay of proceedings process. Maariv closed most of its departments and published only a thin version, in May 2014 the brand was purchased by Eli Azur, who has holdings in a number of media outlets in Israel, including The Jerusalem Post, Sport1, Israel Post and 103FM radio station.
Maariv is associated with Israels political center and has been critical of Benjamin Netanyahus center-right government, in a TGI survey for the first half of 2012, Maarivs market share was 11.9 percent. Until 2013 Maariv owned a house, which was sold to the newspaper Yisrael Hayom to cover the newspapers big debts. Since Maariv has outsourced the printing operations to other printing houses, – BusinessWeek Online, searchable Maariv editions from the Historical Jewish Press Maariv Online is the newspapers news website. It includes updates from most of the media outlets owned by the group, such as The Jerusalem Post
A duet is a musical composition for two performers in which the performers have equal importance to the piece. It is often used to describe a composition involving two singers and it differs from a harmony, as the performers take turns performing a solo section rather than performing simultaneously. In classical music, the term is most often used for a composition for two singers or pianists, a piece performed by two pianists performing together on the same piano is referred to as piano duet or piano four hands. A piece for two pianists performing together on separate pianos is referred to as a piano duo, duet is used as a verb for the act of performing a musical duet, or colloquially as a noun to refer to the performers of a duet. The word is occasionally used in reference to non-musical activities performed together by two people. A musical ensemble with more than two solo instruments or voices is called trio, quintet, septet, when Mozart was young, he and his sister Marianne played a duet of his composition at a London concert in 1765.
The four-hand, described as a duet, was in many of his compositions included five sonatas. The first published sonata or duet was in 1777, in Renaissance music, a duet specifically intended as a teaching tool, to be performed by teacher and student, was called a bicinium. Duets have always been a part of the structure of operas, early 16th-century operas such as LOrfeo and Lincoronazione di Poppea involve duets throughout the performance. In 17th-century Italy duets were often used in comic scenes within serious operas, in Baroque France the duet was popular in tragedies, such as songs of vengeance and confrontation. The love duet was characterized by singing in close harmonies of 3rds and 6ths, some songs were written to be heard as conversations, such as Baby, Its Cold Outside. Others were performed around a theme, for example New York in Empire State of Mind, occasionally duets are an improvisation between artists, such as Under Pressure. David Bowie and Freddie Mercury reportedly composed the lyrics in a day by improvising together, the dictionary definition of duet at Wiktionary
Israel Hayom is an Israeli national Hebrew language free daily newspaper, first published in 2007. It has the largest daily circulation in the country, Israel Hayom was launched on 30 July 2007 and competed directly with Israeli, another free daily. The same year, Maariv editor Dan Margalit left the newspaper to write for Israel Hayom, a weekend edition was launched in October 2009. In 2014, Israel Hayom bought Israeli media outlets Makor Rishon, in 2014, it was believed that Sheldon Adelson invested in total at least $50 million in Israel Hayom. The bill passed the first reading in the Knesset, but not subsequent ones, in 2016, Adelsons attorney announced that although it is commonly believed that he owns the newspaper, he does not, it is owned by a relative of his. The popular nickname of Israel Hayom is Bibiton, a combination of Benjamin Netanyahus nickname Bibi with the Hebrew word for newspaper, while in the Prime Ministers office, Ehud Olmert criticized Israel Hayom. Journalist Ben-Dror Yemini has described the paper as endless capital with a political agenda, in 2016, it formally endorsed Donald Trumps presidential campaign.
In July 2010, Israel Hayom surpassed Yedioth Ahronoth in weekday exposure rate in the semi-annual Target Group Index survey with a rate of 35. 2% compared with Yedioths 34. 9%. After only a few months of publication of a weekend edition, it scored it 25. 7% of exposure compared with Yedioths 43. 7% rate. According to the TGI survey published in 2016, Israel Hayom has 39. 7% weekday readership exposure, Yedioth Ahronoth 34. 9%, Israel Post 7. 2%, Globes 4. 6%, Maariv 3. 9%, baruch Ron – deputy editor, news director. Amir FInkelshtein – chief operating officer, riki Roob – chief financial officer. Staff List of free daily newspapers List of national newspapers List of newspapers in Israel Official website