Ariyittuvazhcha Kovilakam is a building in Mattancherry in the Indian state of Kerala. This building was used to perform the ceremony of Ariyittuvazhcha by the Maharajas of erstwhile Cochin Kingdom; this is a state protected monument declared by Kerala State. The building is in the style of nālukettu, it was constructed of brick and wood and the ceiling is covered with burned mud pieces called "oodu". This building was opened only for the coronation. A cot in the locked room in the cottage, used only during coronation. Ariyittuvazhcha is a coronation ceremony performed by Maharaja of Cochin kingdom; this ceremony began with a procession from the Dutch palace and progress to Ariyittuvazcha Kovilakam. The Maharaja would bathe in the pond. After that the locked room was opened and the Maharaja sat on the cot with an olakkuda; the priests performed. This is called Ariyittuvazhcha. Ari is the Malayalam name of rice. A large crowd witnessed this ceremony and they make kurava when the ceremony is performed.
After coronation, the Maharaja would go opposite to Dutch Palace. He would visit the houses of the Tamil Brahmins to pay obeisance. After this whole ritual the Cochin Kingdom would have a new king
Kingdom of Cochin
Kingdom of Cochin was a late medieval kingdom and princely state on the Malabar Coast, South India. Once controlling much of the territory between Ponnani and Thottappally, the Cochin kingdom shrank to its minimal extent as a result of invasions by the Zamorin of Calicut; when Portuguese armadas arrived in India, the Kingdom of Cochin had lost its vassals like Edapalli, Cranganore etc. to Zamorin and was looking for an opportunity to preserve independance of Cochin, at risk. King Unni Goda Varma Tirumulpadu warmly welcomed Pedro Álvares Cabral on 24 December 1500 and negotiated a treaty of alliance between Portugal and the Cochin kingdom, directed against the Zamorin of Calicut. Cochin became a long-time Portuguese ally providing assistance against native overlords. After the Portuguese, the Dutch East India Company was an ally of Cochin; this was followed by the English East India Company. Today, the full official designation of the Raja of Cochin is “Perumpadappu Gangadhara Veera Kerala Thrikkovil Adhikarikal”.
The Kingdom of Cochin known as Perumpadappu Swarupam, was under the rule of the Later Cheras in the Middle Ages. The Nambudiri of Perumpadappu had married the sister of the last Later Chera king, Rama Varma Kulashekhara, as a consequence obtained Mahodayapuram, Thiruvanchikulam Temple along with numerous other rights, such as that of the Mamankam festival. After the fall of the Mahodayapuram Cheras in the 12th century, along with numerous other provinces Perumpadappu Swarupam became a free political entity. However, it was only after the arrival of Portuguese colonizers on the Malabar Coast did the Perumpadappu Swarupam acquire any political importance. Perumpadappu rulers had family relationships with the Nambudiri rulers of Edappally. After the transfer of Kochi and Vypin from Edappally rulers to the Perumpadappu rulers, the latter came to be known as kings of Kochi. Ma Huan, the Muslim voyager and translator who accompanied Admiral Zheng He on three of his seven expeditions to the Western Oceans, describes the king of Cochin as being a Buddhist.
The Cochin kingdom included much of modern-day Thrissur district excluding chavakkad taluk, few areas of Alathur taluk and the whole of Chittur Taluk of the Palakkad district and Kochi Taluk, most of Kanayannur Taluk, parts of Aluva Taluk, parts of Kunnathunad Taluk and parts of Paravur Taluk of the Ernakulam district which are now the part of the Indian state of Kerala. There is no extant written evidence about the emergence of the Kingdom of Cochin or of the Cochin Royal Family known as Perumpadapu Swaroopam. All, recorded are folk tales and stories, a somewhat blurred historical picture about the origins of the ruling dynasty; the surviving manuscripts, such as Keralolpathi and Perumpadapu Grandavari, are collections of myths and legends that are less than reliable as conventional historical sources. There is an oft-recited legend that the last Perumal who ruled the Chera dynasty divided his kingdom between his nephews and his sons, converted to Islam and traveled to Mecca on a hajj; the Keralolpathi recounts the above narrative in the following fashion: The last and the famous "Perumal" ruled Kerala for 36 years.
He left for Mecca by ship with some Muslims who converted to Islam. Before leaving for Mecca, he divided his kingdom between his sons; the Perumpadapu Grandavari contains an additional account of the dynastic origins: The last Thavazhi of Perumpadapu Swaroopam came into existence on the Kaliyuga day shodashangamsurajyam. Cheraman Perumal divided the land in half, 17 "amsa" north of Neelaeswaram and 17 amsa south, totaling 34 amsa, gave his powers to his nephews and sons. Thirty-four kingdoms between Kanyakumari and Gokarna were given to the "thampuran", the daughter of the last niece of Cheraman Perumal. Keralolpathi recorded the division of his kingdom in 345 Common Era, Perumpadapu Grandavari in 385 Common Era, William Logan in 825 Common Era. There are no written records on these earlier divisions of Kerala, but according to some historians the division might have occurred during the Second Chera Kingdom at the beginning of the 12th century. Cochin kingdom ruled over a vast area in central Kerala before the Portuguese arrival.
Their state stretched up to Ponnani and Pukkaitha in the north, Aanamala in the east, Cochin and Porakkad in the south, with capital at Perumpadappu on the northern border. Calicut was conquered by Zamorin of Eranad, who conquered large parts of Cochin Kingdom, began trying to assert suzerainty over Cochin. On the Malabar coast during the early 15th century and Cochin were in an intense rivalry, so the Ming dynasty of China decided to intervene by granting special status to Cochin and its ruler known as Keyili to the Chinese. Calicut had been the dominant port-city in the region. For the fifth Ming treasure voyage, Admiral Zheng He was instructed to confer a seal upon Keyili of Cochin and designate a mountain in his kingdom as the Zhenguo Zhi Shan. Zheng He delivered a stone tablet, inscribed with a proclamation composed by the Yongle E
Chinese fishing nets
Chinese fishing nets are a type of stationary lift net in India. They are fishing nets. While known as "Chinese fishing nets" in India, the more formal name for such nets is "shore operated lift nets". Huge mechanical contrivances hold out horizontal nets of 20 m or more across; each structure is at least 10 m high and comprises a cantilever with an outstretched net suspended over the sea and large stones suspended from ropes as counterweights at the other end. Each installation is operated by a team of up to six fishermen. While such nets are used throughout coastal southern China and Indochina, in India they are found in the Indian cities of Kochi and Kollam, where they have become a tourist attraction; this way of fishing is unusual in India and unique to the area, as it was introduced by Chinese explorers who landed there in the 14th century. Indeed, one interpretation of the city name Kochi is ‘co-chin', meaning ‘like China.’The system is sufficiently balanced that the weight of a man walking along the main beam is sufficient to cause the net to descend into the sea.
The net is left for a short time just a few minutes, before it is raised by pulling on ropes. The catch is modest: a few fish and crustaceans, which may be sold to passers-by within minutes. Rocks, each 30 cm or so in diameter, are suspended from ropes of different lengths; as the net is raised, some of the rocks one-by-one come to rest on a platform thereby keeping everything in balance. Each installation has a limited operating depth. An individual net cannot be continually operated in tidal waters. Different installations will be operated depending on the state of the tide; the nets may have been introduced by the Chinese explorer Zheng He. The Chinese fishing nets have become a popular tourist attraction, their size and elegant construction is photogenic and the slow rhythm of their operation is quite hypnotic. In addition, catches can be purchased individually and need be taken only a short distance to a street entrepreneur who will cook it. Fishing in India Zheng He and Kochi Short documentary about Chinese fishing nets in Fort Kochi
Marrybrown Sdn Bhd is a Malaysian-based halal-certified fast food restaurant chain established in 1981. It was the first local fast food chain to franchise its business in Malaysia with more than 138 restaurants locally. Marrybrown has over 350 international outlets serving fried chicken, finger food and beverages aside from serving Malaysian local dishes such as seafood, rice-based products and porridge; the Malaysian national rice dish, nasi lemak became the feature list on the menu as'Nasi Marrybrown'. Marrybrown began at a small shoplot in Wong Ah Fook Street, Johor Bahru in 1983, founded by Chinese couple Dato Lawrence Liew and Datin Nancy Liew. At the time, US-based fast-food chains had been dominating the Malaysian fast food markets, having been in the country 10 years earlier; this led the couple to invent their own ideas based on Malaysian food-taste, as well to revive Malaysia's first fast food chain with the Muslim majority country that always seeking for halal-Western foods. At present, Marrybrown is available in 20 countries, with the majority being based in Asian continent.
The company plans to expand in 56 Muslim countries, as well planning to enter European markets. List of hamburger restaurants Official website
Greater Cochin Development Authority
Greater Cochin Development Authority is the statutory body overseeing the development of the city of Kochi in the state of Kerala, India. Head quartered at Kadavanthra, GCDA oversees the development of the major part of Greater Cochin area which consists of the Kochi Municipal Corporation, 9 surrounding municipalities and 21 intervening panchayats covering an area of 632 km2; as of 2001, the area has a population of more than 2.5 million. GCDA is one of the two development authorities in Kochi, the other being GIDA which oversees development in the islands towards west of the Kochi mainland, north of the harbour, covering a total area of 100 km2; the state government and the GCDA have plans to include Angamaly, Perumbavoor and Kolenchery in Ernakulam district. The newly formed metropolis would be put under the charge of a new authority called Kochi Metropolitan Regional Development Authority. GCDA was the first exclusive agency formed for the development of any urban area in the state of Kerala.
This led to the formation of development authorities for other cities in the state. The first of these were TRIDA – the Trivandrum Development Authority. Development authorities were formed for Kozhikode and Thrissur as well; the Marine Drive is one of the most significant projects that GCDA has undertaken. The whole of the present Kochi Marine Drive was claimed from the Kochi Lake in the 1980s; this land became home for a line of high-rises namely, the GateWay Residency Hotel, the Bay Pride Mall, Kerala Trade Centre etc. A common code for construction is enforced in this stretch of land which includes that the building could be of a maximum 13 storeys, the eastern and western boundaries of the buildings should coincide etc; the sub projects of the Kochi Marine Drive include: The Marine Walkway stretching from Subhas Chandra Bose Park in the south, to KSINC Boat Jetty in the north. The Rainbow Bridge, part of the Marine Walkway The China Net Bridge, part of the Marine Walkway GCDA Shopping Complex in Marine Drive.
The Asoka-Tharangini Apartments The largest stadium in Kerala with a seating capacity of 75000, costed ₹ 75 Crore. The stadium was constructed in 515 days under the leadership of V. J. Thomas IPS, Ex-Chairman, Greater Cochin Development Authority. Maharaja's College Ground Rajendra maidan near Subhas Chandra Bose Park. Eastern Terminal of the Ernakulam Junction Railway Station Ambedkar Stadium near K. S. R. T. C bus station. Panampilly Nagar; the first planned urban housing colony in Kerala. Gandhi Nagar. Another planned housing colony developed by GCDA. Kaloor-Kadavanthra Road connecting Kadavanthra and Kaloor. Subhas Chandra Bose Road Changampuzha Park, the cultural centre in memory of late poet Sri. Changampuzha, at Edappally; the first B. O. T. Project in Kerala, the Mattancherry Bridge was coordinated by GCDA. In addition, Kathrikadavu Railway Overbridge and Chilavannur Bund road bridge in Chilavannur puzha have been constructed by GCDA. In road transport sector, apart from the roads developed as part of area development schemes, in Panampilly Nagar, Gandhi Nagar,Aluva, Rameswaram,Parur etc.
G. C. D. A has completed the 3.2-km long and 22-m wide Kaloor-Kadavanthra road, 15-m wide Subhash Chandra Bose Road, Chilavannur Bund Road and K. P. Vallon Road widening first phase, Panampilly Nagar Anamthuruthy road were taken up by G. C. D. A. Land has been made available to the corporation for the construction of 2-km long & 22-m wide Stadium Link Road, by GCDA by negotiation with the land owners. G. C. D. A. Had taken a major role in the implementation of the 22-meter wide & 3 km long Sahodaran Ayyappan Road by getting land surrendered free of cost with the cooperation of Cochin Corporation. Widening of Kaloor Palarivattom Road was taken up by State P. W. D. with the co-operation of GCDA in getting the land surrendered free of cost for road widening. To decongest the south Railway Overbridge and to reduce traffic on M. G. Road and Chittoor road the eastern entry to the South Railway station was developed by GCDA. Greater Cochin Development Authority has thus developed a total of about 75 km. of road length of varying widths ranging from 7m to 36m with in the Greater Cochin Region.
Constructed about 5000 Nos. of dwelling units for different income group within the Greater Cochin Region. Housing Loan given to about 15000 families scattered all over the Region. 700 Houses constructed and allotted to low income families for rehabilitation. 1700 Nos. of residential plots developed and sold to individuals.135 Acres of land given to different Government / quasi-Government agencies for group housing. GCDA have developed many planned housing colonies such as Panampilly Nagar, Gandhi Nagar, Kasthurba Nagar, Shastri Nagar, Indira Nagar and Subash Nagar The Indian railways was hesitant to run and use the GCDA owned Building at Platform 6 at Ernakulam junction railway station, it is believed to be the reason behind the delay of employing the platform 6 for services. The parking area was run by GCDA and the fare differed with the parking area at platform 1. Kochi Kochi UA Corporation of Cochin Kingdom of Cochin Official site of the Greater Cochin Development Authority
Queen's Way, Kochi
Queen's Way is a 1.8 km long picturesque walkway in the city of Kochi, India. It is a automated musical walkway that stretches from the start of GIDA road to Chathyath Church and is a popular hangout place for the locals; the walkway is situated at around 1.5 km from 2 km from Marine Drive. It was setup at an initial cost of ₹5 crore allowed by the Tourism Department. Kochi is popularly known as Queen of the Arabian Sea. Winding its way alongside the serene backwaters, the walkway was named Queen’s Way, which reflected the novelty in the nickname for the city; the walkway is automated with smart phone-controlled lights. Around 120 benches are erected along the entire stretch of the road for the visitors to relax. An amphitheatre with a seating capacity for 50, lights to beautify trees and LED strips are some of the highlights of the walkway; the walkway is under the surveillance of 21 bullet CCTV cameras and three advanced 360-degree cameras. Marine Drive, Kochi
Willingdon Island is the largest artificial island in India, which forms part of the city of Kochi, in the state of Kerala. Much of the present Willingdon Island was claimed from the Lake of Kochi, filling in dredged soil around a existing, but tiny, natural island. Willingdon Island is significant as the home for the Port of Kochi, as well as the Kochi Naval Base of the Indian Navy, Plant Quarantine station, Custom House Cochin and Central Institute of Fisheries Technology, a constituent unit of Indian Council of Agricultural Research; the island is home for other establishments associated with the port, the Office of the Cochin Port Trust, the Customs Office, more than two dozen export-import offices, warehouses, a few hotels and business centers. The idea of developing a new port in Kochi was first felt by Sir Robert Bristow, appointed by Lord Willingdon, then-the Governor of Madras Presidency, to create a new modern port on the West coast of India at Kochi; the island was created during the construction of modern port in 1936, with the soil dredged out while deepening the Vembanad Lake to accommodate the new port.
It was named after The 1st Earl of Willingdon, the Viceroy of India at the time, who commissioned the project. Robert Bristow, the chief protagonist and engineer for the project, owned the first building on the island; the first liner, which belonged to the Bibby Line, arrived at the island on 9 March 1935. A port hostel, called Malabar Hotel, was built for passengers. All the pre-planned basic port structure was completed in 1939, just in time for the Second World War. A deep wharf, a rail bridge and a road bridge to the mainland provided valuable infrastructure for the local war effort. A naval works was constructed on the adjacent Venduruthy Island to the south, where, by the end of the war, they were busily constructing landing craft for the presumed invasion of Japan. In 1940 a passenger jetty and customs house were built adjoining the hotel, together with a passenger platform and rail siding; the Royal Air Force found use for this flat expanse of conveniently located virgin territory, constructed a large aerodrome.
The artificial island thus became a thriving military base. The Malabar Hotel provided quarters for all the wartime staff and the building gained a new administrative block next door to it. A new post office, an open-air swimming-bath between the hotel and offices, a branch bank adjoining both, completed the amenities. Control of the transport hub was transferred from the British Empire to India in 1947, when the latter gained independence. During its short colonial tenure the island had handled at most one million tons of freight, by 1960 this had doubled; the island aerodrome was extensively developed and became the city’s modern military-cum-civilian airport. When Kochi got an international Airport at Nedumbassery, 25 km north-east of the city, the civilian enclave of the Island airport was shut down; the airport continued as the naval air station INS Garuda. The remaining space on the island was utilized in the 1950s, far from being an unnatural appendage of the picturesque and ancient city, the isle, left behind by the British so soon after its completion, became the commercial heart of the ancient metropolis of Cochin.
Cochin is a major port in India, Willingdon Island is a landmark. The Island is connected to the mainland by Venduruthy Bridge, which has railway links. There are two railway stations on the Island - the Mattancherry Halt and the Cochin Harbour Terminus; the headquarters of the Southern Naval Command of the Indian Navy is located on the island. Cochin shipyard is located near this island, it is a major tourist center. Willingdon Island is home to several hotels and offices of clearing agents. Apart from these, the Island has a dry dock, a fire station, tank farms, a hospital and places of worship; the Port Health Organisation functions on the Island and it works towards the prevention of entry of Quarantinable diseases. Cochin Chamber of Commerce and Industries is strategically placed here, as is the Government of India Tourist Information Office in the vicinity of the airport; this island is a hub of international trade. A number of port offices, branches of national and international banks, travel agencies, souvenir shops, warehouses.
Employees of the Cochin Port and Custom House live on the island. For the benefit of these families and those on the Naval Base, there are five schools and a Kindergarten. Three of these schools belong to the Kendriya Vidyalaya groups of schools