Shelby County, Missouri
Shelby County is a county located in the northeastern portion of the U. S. state of Missouri. As of the 2010 census, the population was 6,373, its county seat is Shelbyville. The county was named for Governor Isaac Shelby of Kentucky. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 502 square miles, of which 501 square miles is land and 1.5 square miles is water. Knox County Lewis County Marion County Monroe County Randolph County Macon County Interstate 72 U. S. Route 36 Route 15 Route 151 Route 168 As of the census of 2000, there were 6,799 people, 2,745 households, 1,847 families residing in the county; the population density was 14 people per square mile. There were 3,245 housing units at an average density of 6 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 97.87% White, 0.97% Black or African American, 0.28% Native American, 0.10% Asian, 0.19% from other races, 0.59% from two or more races. 0.63% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 30.4% were of American, 26.9% German, 14.9% English and 8.5% Irish ancestry.
There were 2,745 households out of which 30.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.90% were married couples living together, 7.30% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.70% were non-families. 30.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.60% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.98. In the county, the population was spread out with 25.40% under the age of 18, 7.20% from 18 to 24, 24.40% from 25 to 44, 23.30% from 45 to 64, 19.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 91.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.00 males. The median income for a household in the county was $29,448, the median income for a family was $35,944. Males had a median income of $25,759 versus $18,996 for females; the per capita income for the county was $15,632. About 13.00% of families and 16.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.70% of those under age 18 and 14.10% of those age 65 or over.
North Shelby School District – Shelbyville North Shelby Elementary School North Shelby High School Shelby County R-IV School District – Shelbina Shelbina Elementary School Clarence Elementary School South Shelby Middle School South Shelby High School Shiloh Christian School – Shelbina – Nondenominational Christian – Alternative School Heartland Christian Academy – Bethel – Nondenominational Christian Clarence Public Library Shelbina Carnegie Public Library The Democratic Party predominantly controls politics at the local level in Shelby County. Democrats hold all but one of the elected positions in the county. Shelby County is a part of Missouri’s 5th District in the Missouri House of Representatives and is represented by Lindell F Shumake. Shelby County is a part of Missouri’s 18th District in the Missouri Senate and is represented by Brian Munzlinger. Shelby County is included in Missouri’s 6th Congressional District and is represented by Sam Graves in the U. S. House of Representatives. Former U.
S. Senator Hillary Clinton received more votes, a total of 460, than any candidate from either party in Shelby County during the 2008 presidential primary. Bethel Leonard Norm Stewart, legendary University of Missouri basketball coach Randall Duke Cunningham, only U. S. Navy fighter ace of the Vietnam War, former Republican U. S. Representative from California Frank Hamilton Short and advocate for states' rights and private development of natural resources in the early 20th century Sam Walton, founder of Wal-Mart James Earl Ray, assassin of Martin Luther King Jr, lived in Shelbina for a brief time. National Register of Historic Places listings in Shelby County, Missouri General History Of Shelby County Missouri online Digitized 1930 Plat Book of Shelby County from University of Missouri Division of Special Collections and Rare Books
A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada, Romania and the United States. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, in Jamaica. In most of the United States, counties are the political subdivisions of a state; the city, town, or populated place that houses county government is known as the seat of its respective county. The county legislature, county courthouse, sheriff's department headquarters, hall of records and correctional facility are located in the county seat though some functions may be located or conducted in other parts of the county if it is geographically large. A county seat is but not always, an incorporated municipality; the exceptions include the county seats of counties that have no incorporated municipalities within their borders, such as Arlington County, Virginia. Ellicott City, the county seat of Howard County, is the largest unincorporated county seat in the United States, followed by Towson, the county seat of Baltimore County, Maryland.
Some county seats may not be incorporated in their own right, but are located within incorporated municipalities. For example, Cape May Court House, New Jersey, though unincorporated, is a section of Middle Township, an incorporated municipality. In some of the colonial states, county seats include or included "Court House" as part of their name. In the Canadian provinces of Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, the term "shire town" is used in place of county seat. County seats in Taiwan are the administrative centers of the counties. There are 13 county seats in Taiwan, which are in the forms of county-administered city, urban township or rural township. Most counties have only one county seat. However, some counties in Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, New Hampshire, New York, Vermont have two or more county seats located on opposite sides of the county. An example is Harrison County, which lists both Biloxi and Gulfport as county seats; the practice of multiple county seat towns dates from the days.
There have been few efforts to eliminate the two-seat arrangement, since a county seat is a source of pride for the towns involved. There are 36 counties with multiple county seats in 11 states: Coffee County, Alabama St. Clair County, Alabama Arkansas County, Arkansas Carroll County, Arkansas Clay County, Arkansas Craighead County, Arkansas Franklin County, Arkansas Logan County, Arkansas Mississippi County, Arkansas Prairie County, Arkansas Sebastian County, Arkansas Yell County, Arkansas Columbia County, Georgia Lee County, Iowa Campbell County, Kentucky Kenton County, Kentucky Essex County, Massachusetts Middlesex County, Massachusetts Plymouth County, Massachusetts Bolivar County, Mississippi Carroll County, Mississippi Chickasaw County, Mississippi Harrison County, Mississippi Hinds County, Mississippi Jasper County, Mississippi Jones County, Mississippi Panola County, Mississippi Tallahatchie County, Mississippi Yalobusha County, Mississippi Jackson County, Missouri Hillsborough County, New Hampshire Seneca County, New York Bennington County, Vermont In New England, the town, not the county, is the primary division of local government.
Counties in this region have served as dividing lines for the states' judicial systems. Connecticut and Rhode Island have no county level of thus no county seats. In Vermont and Maine the county seats are designated shire towns. County government consists only of a Superior Court and Sheriff, both located in the respective shire town. Bennington County has two shire towns. In Massachusetts, most government functions which would otherwise be performed by county governments in other states are performed by town or city governments; as such, Massachusetts has dissolved many of its county governments, the state government now operates the registries of deeds and sheriff's offices in those counties. In Virginia, a county seat may be an independent city surrounded by, but not part of, the county of which it is the administrative center. Two counties in South Dakota have their county seat and government services centered in a neighboring county, their county-level services are provided by Fall River Tripp County, respectively.
In Louisiana, divided into parishes rather than counties, county seats are referred to as parish seats. Alaska is divided into boroughs rather than counties; the Unorganized Borough, which covers 49 % of Alaska's area, has equivalent. The state with the most counties is Texas, with 254, the state with the fewest counties is Delaware, with 3. County seat war Administrative center County town, administrative centres in Ireland and the UK Chef-lieu, administrative centres in Algeria, Luxembourg, France and Tunisia Municipality, equivalent to county in many c
Francis Marion was a military officer who served in the American Revolutionary War. Acting with the Continental Army and South Carolina militia commissions, he was a persistent adversary of the British in their occupation of South Carolina and Charleston in 1780 and 1781 after the Continental Army was driven out of the state in the Battle of Camden. Marion used irregular methods of warfare and is considered one of the fathers of modern guerrilla warfare and maneuver warfare, is credited in the lineage of the United States Army Rangers and the other American military Special Forces such as the "Green Berets", he was known as The Swamp Fox. Marion's grandfather Gabriel was a Huguenot who emigrated to the colonies from France before 1700. Francis Marion was born on his family's plantation in South Carolina, c. 1732. Around the age of 15, he was hired on a ship bound for the West Indies which sank on his first voyage. In the years that followed, Marion managed the family's plantation. Marion began his military career shortly before his 25th birthday.
On January 1, 1757, Francis and his brother, were recruited by Captain John Postell to serve in the French and Indian War and to drive the Cherokee Indians away from the border. In 1761, Marion served as a lieutenant under Captain William Moultrie in a campaign against the Cherokee using scorched earth tactics, destroying many Indian villages and burning crops to starve the Cherokee into submission. On June 21, 1775, Marion was commissioned captain in the 2nd South Carolina Regiment under William Moultrie, with whom he served in June 1776 in the defense of Fort Sullivan, in Charleston harbor. In September 1776, the Continental Congress commissioned Marion as a lieutenant colonel. In the autumn of 1779, he took part in the siege of Savannah, a failed Franco-American attempt to capture and recover the Georgia colonial capital city, taken by the British. A British expedition under Henry Clinton moved into South Carolina in the early spring of 1780 and laid siege to Charleston. Marion was not captured with the rest of the garrison when Charleston fell on May 12, 1780, because he had broken an ankle in an accident and had left the city to recuperate.
Clinton took part of the British army that had captured Charleston back to New York but a significant number stayed for operations under Lord Cornwallis in the Carolinas. After the loss in Charleston, the defeats of General Isaac Huger at Moncks Corner and Lieutenant Colonel Abraham Buford at the Waxhaw massacre, Marion organized a small unit, which at first consisted of between 20 and 70 men and was the only force opposing the British Army in the state. At this point, Marion was still nearly crippled from his healing ankle. Marion joined Major General Horatio Gates on July 27 just before the Battle of Camden, but Gates had formed a low opinion of Marion. Gates sent Marion towards the interior to gather intelligence on the British enemy. Marion thus missed the battle. Marion showed himself to be a singularly able leader of irregular militiamen and ruthless in his terrorising of Loyalists. Unlike the Continental troops, Marion's Men, as they were known, served without pay, supplied their own horses and their food.
Marion committed his men to frontal warfare, but surprised larger bodies of Loyalists or British regulars with quick surprise attacks and quick withdrawal from the field. After the surrender of Charleston, the British garrisoned South Carolina with help from local Tories, except for Williamsburg, which they were never able to hold; the British made one attempt to garrison Williamsburg at the colonial village of Willtown, but were driven out by Marion at the Battle of Black Mingo. Cornwallis observed "Colonel Marion had so wrought the minds of the people by the terror of his threats and cruelty of his punishments, by the promise of plunder, that there was scarcely an inhabitant between the Santee and the Pee Dee, not in arms against us"; the British hated Marion and made repeated efforts to neutralize his force, but Marion's intelligence gathering was excellent and that of the British was poor, due to the overwhelming Patriot loyalty of the populace in the Williamsburg area. Colonel Banastre Tarleton was sent to capture or kill Marion in November 1780.
It was Tarleton who gave Marion his nom de guerre when, after unsuccessfully pursuing Marion's troops for over 26 miles through a swamp, he gave up and swore "s for this damned old fox, the Devil himself could not catch him." Once Marion had shown his ability at guerrilla warfare, making himself a serious nuisance to the British, Governor John Rutledge commissioned him a brigadier general of state troops. Marion was tasked with combating groups of freed slaves working or fighting alongside the British, he received an order from the Governor of South Carolina to execute any blacks suspected of carrying provisions or gathering intelligence for the enemy "agreeable to the laws of this State". When Major General Nathanael Greene took command in the South and Lieutenant Colonel Henry Lee were ordered in January 1781, to attack Georgetown but were unsuccessful. In April they took Fort Watson and in May they captured Fort Motte, succeeded in breaking communications between the British posts in the Carolinas.
On August 31, Marion rescued a small American force trapped by 500 British sol
Pike County, Illinois
Pike County is a county in the U. S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 United States Census, it had a population of 16,430, its county seat is Pittsfield. Pike County was formed in January 1821 out of Madison County, it was named in honor of Zebulon Pike, leader of the Pike expedition in 1806 to map out the south and west portions of the Louisiana Purchase. Pike served at the Battle of Tippecanoe, was killed in 1813 in the War of 1812. Prior to the coming of the first European settler to the future Pike County, French traders and travelers passed through the native forests and prairies. Pike County began on the south junction of the Illinois and Mississippi rivers; the east boundary was the Illinois River north to the Kankakee River to the Indiana State line on north to Wisconsin territorial line and west to the Mississippi River to the original point at the south end. The first county seat was Cole's Grove, a post town, in what became Calhoun County; the Gazetteer of Illinois and Missouri, published in 1822, mentioned Chicago as "a village of Pike County" containing 12 or 15 houses and about 60 or 70 inhabitants.
The New Philadelphia Town Site was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2005 and designated a National Historic Landmark in 2009. Founded by Frank McWorter, an early free black settler in Pike County, it was the first town founded by a black man in the United States. McWorter had invested in land there sight unseen after purchasing the first few members of his family out of slavery. In 1836 he founded the town of New Philadelphia, near Barry, he lived there the rest of his life. With the sale of land, he made enough money to purchase the freedom of his children. After the railroad bypassed the town, its growth slowed and it was abandoned in the 20th century; the town site is now an archaeological site. In the early 21st century, Pike County acquired notability as a whitetail deer hunting center for bowhunting. According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 849 square miles, of which 831 square miles is land and 18 square miles is water. Pike County is located on the highlands between the Illinois River, which forms its eastern border, the Mississippi River, the county's western border.
It has two interstate highways, I-72, with bridges spanning both rivers to enter the county, I-172 which extends about 300 feet into the county to its intersection with I-72. In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Pittsfield have ranged from a low of 15 °F in January to a high of 86 °F in July, although a record low of −25 °F was recorded in February 1905 and a record high of 115 °F was recorded in July 1954. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.74 inches in January to 4.11 inches in May. Pike County is one of the few US counties to border as many as nine counties. Illinois has two -- LaSalle. Great River National Wildlife Refuge As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 16,430 people, 6,639 households, 4,527 families residing in the county; the population density was 19.8 inhabitants per square mile. There were 7,951 housing units at an average density of 9.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 96.9% white, 1.7% black or African American, 0.2% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.2% from other races, 0.7% from two or more races.
Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.0% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 26.3% were German, 16.8% were American, 15.1% were English, 13.4% were Irish. Of the 6,639 households, 30.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.5% were married couples living together, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.8% were non-families, 27.8% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.87. The median age was 42.5 years. The median income for a household in the county was $40,205 and the median income for a family was $50,426. Males had a median income of $39,071 versus $26,835 for females; the per capita income for the county was $19,996. About 11.3% of families and 15.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.7% of those under age 18 and 11.2% of those age 65 or over. Pike County was reliably Democratic from 1892 through 1948. However, it was a national bellwether in every presidential election from 1912 to 2004 aside from 1924 & 1988.
Since 2000, the county has become a Republican stronghold, with Donald Trump winning it in the 2016 presidential election by a margin of 57.6 points. The county is located in Illinois's 18th Congressional District and is represented by Republican Davin LaHood. For the Illinois House of Representatives, the county is located in the 100th district and is represented by Republican C. D. Davidsmeyer; the county is located in the 50th district of the Illinois Senate, is represented by Republican William McCann. Barry Griggsville Pittsfield New Canton National Register of Historic Places listings in Pike County, Illinois Pike County Chamber of Commerce Pike County books and primary sources New Philadelphia Association Free Frank New Philadelphia Historic Preservation Foundation Christopher C. Fennell, "Updates on New Philadelphia Archaeology Project", University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign New Philadelphia: A Multiracial Town on the Illinois Frontier, a National Park Service Teaching with Historic Places lesson plan Pike County Township Histories summation Pike County Illinois History
Monroe County, Missouri
Monroe County is a county in northeast Missouri. As of the 2010 census, the population was 8,840, its county seat is Paris. The county was organized January 6, 1831 and named for James Monroe, the fifth President of the United States. Monroe County was one of several along the Missouri River settled by migrants from the Upper South Kentucky and Tennessee, they brought slaves and slaveholding traditions with them and started cultivating crops similar to those in Middle Tennessee and Kentucky: hemp and tobacco. They brought characteristic antebellum architecture and culture; the county was at the heart of. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 670 square miles, of which 648 square miles is land and 23 square miles is water. Shelby County Marion County Ralls County Audrain County Randolph County U. S. Route 24 U. S. Route 36 Route 15 Route 107 Route 151 As of the census of 2010, there were 8,840 people, 3,656 households, 2,566 families residing in the county; the population density was 14 inhabitants per square mile.
There were 4,565 housing units at an average density of 7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 94.66% White, 3.83% Black or African American, 0.41% Native American, 0.12% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.16% from other races, 0.78% from two or more races. 0.56% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 24.7% were of German, 23.2% American, 14.2% English and 11.8% Irish ancestry. There were 3,656 households out of which 31.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.10% were married couples living together, 7.70% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.80% were non-families. 26.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.90% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.02. In the county, the population was spread out with 25.90% under the age of 18, 7.30% from 18 to 24, 25.00% from 25 to 44, 24.20% from 45 to 64, 17.60% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 96.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.10 males. The median income for a household in the county was $30,871, the median income for a family was $36,895. Males had a median income of $26,534 versus $20,440 for females; the per capita income for the county was $14,695. About 8.30% of families and 11.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.00% of those under age 18 and 10.30% of those age 65 or over. The Democratic Party used to control politics at the local level in Monroe County. Democrats hold all but two of the elected positions in the county. Monroe County is divided into two representative districts in the Missouri House of Representatives, both represented by Republicans. District 5 — Lindell F. Shumake. Consists of Monroe City and the northern part of the county. District 40 – Jim Hansen. Consists of the communities of Florida, Madison, Santa Fe, Stoutsville. Monroe County is a part of Missouri’s 10th District in the Missouri Senate and is represented by Jeanie Riddle.
Monroe County is included in Missouri's 6th congressional district and is represented by Sam Graves in the U. S. House of Representatives. Monroe County was one of only two jurisdictions in Missouri to be carried by Democrat George McGovern in the 1972 presidential election against incumbent Republican President Richard Nixon, the other being the city of St. Louis. Monroe County was first carried by a Republican in 1976 by John Danforth in the U. S. Senate race. In 1984, Ronald Reagan became the first Republican candidate for president to win the county. Since 2000, the county has voted Republican in federal and state elections. In the April 2016 presidential primary, Republicans out voted Democrats more than 3-to-1, 1,600 votes in the GOP primary compared to 495 in the Democrat. In 2016's August primary, Republicans outvoted Democrats 895 to 698. Holliday C-2 School District – Holliday Holliday Elementary School Madison C-3 School District – Madison Madison Elementary School Madison High School Middle Grove C-1 School District – Madison Middle Grove Elementary School Monroe City R-I School District – Monroe City Monroe City Elementary School Monroe City Middle School Monroe City High School Paris R-II School District – Paris Paris Elementary School Paris Junior High School Paris High School Holy Rosary School – Monroe City – Roman Catholic Foundation for Life Christian School – Paris – Nondenominational Christian Monroe City Public Library Mark Twain, American author and humorist, was born in Monroe County.
The Mark Twain Birthplace State Historic Site in Mark Twain State Park commemorates this occasion. Xenophon Overton Pindall, member of the Arkansas House of Representatives, Arkansas State Senate and Acting Governor of the U. S. state of Arkansas Eli C. D. Shortridge, third Governor of North Dakota from 1893 to 1895' raised in Monroe County. National Register of Historic Places listings in Monroe County, Missouri Digitized 1930 Plat Book of Monroe County from University of Missouri Division of Special Collections and Rare Books Monroe County Sheriff's Office
Adams County, Illinois
Adams County is the westernmost county of the U. S. state of Illinois. As of the 2010 census, the population was 67,103, its county seat is Quincy. Adams County is part of the IL -- MO Micropolitan Statistical Area. Adams County was formed in 1825 out of Pike County, its name is in honor of the sixth President of John Quincy Adams. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 871 square miles, of which 855 square miles is land and 16 square miles is water. Hancock County - north Brown County - east Schuyler County - east Pike County - south Marion County, Missouri - west Lewis County, Missouri - west Great River National Wildlife Refuge In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Quincy have ranged from a low of 16 °F in January to a high of 88 °F in July, although a record low of −21 °F was recorded in January 1979 and a record high of 105 °F was recorded in July 2005. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.36 inches in January to 4.61 inches in May.
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 67,103 people, 27,375 households, 17,677 families residing in the county. The population density was 78.5 inhabitants per square mile. There were 29,842 housing units at an average density of 34.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 93.7% white, 3.5% black or African American, 0.7% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.4% from other races, 1.6% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.2% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 43.5% were German, 13.1% were Irish, 10.7% were American, 8.7% were English. Of the 27,375 households, 29.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.0% were married couples living together, 10.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.4% were non-families, 30.1% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.94. The median age was 40.7 years. The median income for a household in the county was $43,824 and the median income for a family was $55,791.
Males had a median income of $38,830 versus $29,371 for females. The per capita income for the county was $24,308. About 8.3% of families and 12.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.5% of those under age 18 and 8.1% of those age 65 or over. Quincy Adams County is divided into twenty-three townships: Adams County, positioned in a rural section of Illinois is culturally isolated from Chicago, therefore more conservative than the state's northeastern corner. Quincy, the county seat, holds a high number of conservative Catholics and is the home to the campus of Quincy University, a private Catholic liberal arts college, the Western Catholic Union; the county is part of the historic belt of German settlement extending into the Missouri Rhineland and because it was antagonistic to the Yankee northeast of Illinois, it voted solidly Democratic until 1892. After being a swing county in the first half of the twentieth century, Adams County has been a Republican stronghold, it last supported a Democrat for President of the United States in 1964, when it voted for (Lyndon Johnson.
The county rejects Democrats at the state level as well. Notably, while it warmly supported Barack Obama in his 2004 Senate campaign, it shut Obama out in both his presidential bids; the county is represented in the U. S. House of Representatives by Republican Darin LaHood. For the Illinois House of Representatives, the county is located in the 94th district and is represented by Republican Randy Frese; the county is located in the 47th district of the Illinois Senate, is represented by Republican Jil Tracy. Central Community Unit School District 3 Liberty Community Unit School District 2 Mendon Community Unit School District 4 Payson Community Unit School District 1 Quincy Public School District 172 Blessed Sacrament Catholic School Chaddock School Quincy Christian School Quincy Notre Dame High School St. Dominic Catholic School St. Francis Solanus Catholic School St. James Lutheran School St. Peter Catholic School Blessing-Rieman College of Nursing John Wood Community College Quincy University National Register of Historic Places listings in Adams County, Illinois Adams County website Adams County GIS Website Great River Genealogical Society United States Census Bureau 2007 TIGER/Line Shapefiles United States Board on Geographic Names United States National Atlas
Hannibal is a city in Marion and Ralls counties in the U. S. state of Missouri. Interstate 72 and U. S. Routes 24, 36, 61 intersect in the city, located along the Mississippi River 100 miles northwest of St. Louis and 100 miles west of Springfield, Illinois. According to the 2010 U. S. Census, the population was 17,606; the bulk of the city is in Marion County, with a tiny sliver in the south extending into Ralls County. Hannibal is not the county seat. There is one in Palmyra, the county seat, located more in the center of the county; this is the principal city of the Hannibal, Missouri micropolitan area, which consists of both Marion and Ralls counties. The site of Hannibal was long occupied by various cultures of indigenous Native American tribes; the river community is best known as the 19th-century boyhood home of author Samuel Langhorne Clemens. The settings of Twain's novels The Adventures of Tom Sawyer and Adventures of Huckleberry Finn are inspired by this town. Numerous historical sites are associated with places depicted in his fiction.
Hannibal draws both international tourists. The Mark Twain Boyhood Home & Museum marked its 100th anniversary in 2012 and has had visitors from all 50 states and some 60 countries. Most Hannibal residents enjoy the visitors, the town at large benefits from tourism revenue. After the Louisiana Territory was acquired by the United States in 1803, European-American settlers began to enter the area; the town was named after Hannibal Creek. The name is derived from the hero of ancient Carthage in actual Tunisia, Hannibal. Although the city grew with a population of 30 by 1830, its access to the Mississippi River and railroad transportation fueled growth to 2,020 by 1850, it annexed the town of South Hannibal in 1843. Hannibal gained "city" status by 1845. Hannibal was Missouri's third-largest city when the Hannibal and St. Joseph Railroad was organized in 1846 by John M. Clemens and associates, it was built to connect to St. Joseph, Missouri in the west the state's second-largest city; this railroad was the westernmost line.
It transported mail for delivery to the first outpost of the Pony Express. The city has since served as a regional marketing center for livestock and grain as well as other products produced locally, such as cement and shoes. Cement for the Empire State Building and Panama Canal was manufactured at the Atlas Portland Cement Company in the nearby unincorporated company town of Ilasco; the Mark Twain Memorial Lighthouse was constructed in 1933 as a public works project under President Franklin D. Roosevelt, it has been lit on ceremonial occasions at three separate times by Presidents Roosevelt, John F. Kennedy, Bill Clinton. Rockcliffe Mansion, a private house on a knoll in Hannibal, is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. In 2011, the Mark Twain Boyhood Home and Museum released Mark Twain: Words & Music, a CD featuring entertainers who recount Mark Twain's life in spoken word and song. Several songs were written for the project and refer to Hannibal, including "Huck Finn Blues" by Brad Paisley and "Run Mississippi" by Rhonda Vincent.
Other artists include Jimmy Buffett as Huckleberry Finn, Clint Eastwood as Twain, Garrison Keillor as the narrator of the project. Hannibal is next to Illinois. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 16.21 square miles, of which 15.74 square miles is land and 0.47 square miles is water. Hannibal's climate is humid continental, with hot, humid summers; the Hannibal Micropolitan Statistical Area is composed of Ralls counties. As of the census of 2010, there were 17,916 people, 7,117 households, 4,400 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,138.2 inhabitants per square mile. There were 8,021 housing units at an average density of 509.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 88.8% White, 7.1% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.5% from other races, 2.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.8% of the population. There were 7,117 households of which 31.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.2% were married couples living together, 14.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.2% had a male householder with no wife present, 38.2% were non-families.
31.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 13% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.96. The median age in the city was 37.3 years. 23.5% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 47.5% male and 52.5% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 17,757 people, 7,017 households, 4,554 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,215.3 people per square mile. There were 7,886 housing units at an average density of 539.7/sq mi. The racial makeup of the city was 90.61% White, 6.57% African American, 0.35% Native American, 0.35% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 0.25% from other races, 1.79% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.13% of the population. 25.9% were of American, 23.8% German, 10.9% Irish and 10.0% English ances