Francis Marion was a military officer who served in the American Revolutionary War. Acting with the Continental Army and South Carolina militia commissions, he was a persistent adversary of the British in their occupation of South Carolina and Charleston in 1780 and 1781 after the Continental Army was driven out of the state in the Battle of Camden. Marion used irregular methods of warfare and is considered one of the fathers of modern guerrilla warfare and maneuver warfare, is credited in the lineage of the United States Army Rangers and the other American military Special Forces such as the "Green Berets", he was known as The Swamp Fox. Marion's grandfather Gabriel was a Huguenot who emigrated to the colonies from France before 1700. Francis Marion was born on his family's plantation in South Carolina, c. 1732. Around the age of 15, he was hired on a ship bound for the West Indies which sank on his first voyage. In the years that followed, Marion managed the family's plantation. Marion began his military career shortly before his 25th birthday.
On January 1, 1757, Francis and his brother, were recruited by Captain John Postell to serve in the French and Indian War and to drive the Cherokee Indians away from the border. In 1761, Marion served as a lieutenant under Captain William Moultrie in a campaign against the Cherokee using scorched earth tactics, destroying many Indian villages and burning crops to starve the Cherokee into submission. On June 21, 1775, Marion was commissioned captain in the 2nd South Carolina Regiment under William Moultrie, with whom he served in June 1776 in the defense of Fort Sullivan, in Charleston harbor. In September 1776, the Continental Congress commissioned Marion as a lieutenant colonel. In the autumn of 1779, he took part in the siege of Savannah, a failed Franco-American attempt to capture and recover the Georgia colonial capital city, taken by the British. A British expedition under Henry Clinton moved into South Carolina in the early spring of 1780 and laid siege to Charleston. Marion was not captured with the rest of the garrison when Charleston fell on May 12, 1780, because he had broken an ankle in an accident and had left the city to recuperate.
Clinton took part of the British army that had captured Charleston back to New York but a significant number stayed for operations under Lord Cornwallis in the Carolinas. After the loss in Charleston, the defeats of General Isaac Huger at Moncks Corner and Lieutenant Colonel Abraham Buford at the Waxhaw massacre, Marion organized a small unit, which at first consisted of between 20 and 70 men and was the only force opposing the British Army in the state. At this point, Marion was still nearly crippled from his healing ankle. Marion joined Major General Horatio Gates on July 27 just before the Battle of Camden, but Gates had formed a low opinion of Marion. Gates sent Marion towards the interior to gather intelligence on the British enemy. Marion thus missed the battle. Marion showed himself to be a singularly able leader of irregular militiamen and ruthless in his terrorising of Loyalists. Unlike the Continental troops, Marion's Men, as they were known, served without pay, supplied their own horses and their food.
Marion committed his men to frontal warfare, but surprised larger bodies of Loyalists or British regulars with quick surprise attacks and quick withdrawal from the field. After the surrender of Charleston, the British garrisoned South Carolina with help from local Tories, except for Williamsburg, which they were never able to hold; the British made one attempt to garrison Williamsburg at the colonial village of Willtown, but were driven out by Marion at the Battle of Black Mingo. Cornwallis observed "Colonel Marion had so wrought the minds of the people by the terror of his threats and cruelty of his punishments, by the promise of plunder, that there was scarcely an inhabitant between the Santee and the Pee Dee, not in arms against us"; the British hated Marion and made repeated efforts to neutralize his force, but Marion's intelligence gathering was excellent and that of the British was poor, due to the overwhelming Patriot loyalty of the populace in the Williamsburg area. Colonel Banastre Tarleton was sent to capture or kill Marion in November 1780.
It was Tarleton who gave Marion his nom de guerre when, after unsuccessfully pursuing Marion's troops for over 26 miles through a swamp, he gave up and swore "s for this damned old fox, the Devil himself could not catch him." Once Marion had shown his ability at guerrilla warfare, making himself a serious nuisance to the British, Governor John Rutledge commissioned him a brigadier general of state troops. Marion was tasked with combating groups of freed slaves working or fighting alongside the British, he received an order from the Governor of South Carolina to execute any blacks suspected of carrying provisions or gathering intelligence for the enemy "agreeable to the laws of this State". When Major General Nathanael Greene took command in the South and Lieutenant Colonel Henry Lee were ordered in January 1781, to attack Georgetown but were unsuccessful. In April they took Fort Watson and in May they captured Fort Motte, succeeded in breaking communications between the British posts in the Carolinas.
On August 31, Marion rescued a small American force trapped by 500 British sol
Williamsburg County, South Carolina
Williamsburg County is a county located in the U. S. state of South Carolina. As of the 2010 census its population was 34,423; the county seat is Kingstree. After a previous incarnation of Williamsburg County, the current county was created in 1804. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 937 square miles, of which 934 square miles is land and 2.9 square miles is water. Florence County - north Marion County - northeast Georgetown County - east Berkeley County - south Clarendon County - west As of the census of 2000, there were 37,217 people, 13,714 households, 10,052 families residing in the county; the population density was 40 people per square mile. There were 15,552 housing units at an average density of 17 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 66.26% Black or African American, 32.74% White, 0.16% Native American, 0.20% Asian, 0.16% from other races, 0.48% from two or more races. 0.73% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 13,714 households out of which 34.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.30% were married couples living together, 22.40% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.70% were non-families.
24.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.40% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.22. In the county, the population was spread out with 28.60% under the age of 18, 9.00% from 18 to 24, 25.70% from 25 to 44, 23.60% from 45 to 64, 13.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 87.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.50 males. The median income for a household in the county was $24,214, the median income for a family was $30,379. Males had a median income of $26,680 versus $18,202 for females; the per capita income for the county was $12,794. About 23.70% of families and 27.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 36.10% of those under age 18 and 25.90% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 34,423 people, 13,007 households, 8,854 families residing in the county.
The population density was 36.8 inhabitants per square mile. There were 15,359 housing units at an average density of 16.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 65.8% black or African American, 31.8% white, 0.4% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 1.0% from other races, 0.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.0% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 4.6% were American. Of the 13,007 households, 33.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.0% were married couples living together, 23.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.9% were non-families, 29.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.13. The median age was 40.2 years. The median income for a household in the county was $24,191 and the median income for a family was $33,705. Males had a median income of $37,678 versus $22,303 for females; the per capita income for the county was $13,513. About 26.5% of families and 32.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 45.6% of those under age 18 and 27.5% of those age 65 or over.
Kingstree Andrews Greeleyville Hemingway Lane Stuckey National Register of Historic Places listings in Williamsburg County, South Carolina Simms "Life of Francis Marion" "History of Williamsburg" by William Willis Boddie, 1923 Geographic data related to Williamsburg County, South Carolina at OpenStreetMap
Special routes of U.S. Route 501
A total of at least eight special routes of U. S. Route 501 exist and at least four have been deleted. U. S. Route 501 Business in Conway, South Carolina is a former segment of US 501 that runs into downtown Conway; the route begins in Red Hill, utilizes a flyover with part of the northern terminus of South Carolina Highway 544. The former terminus of SC 544 can be found at the next signalized intersection, shared with a local street named French Collins Road. Shortly after this, it becomes the western terminus of SC Route 90; the rest of the road runs straight through rural forestland until it approaches the Waccamaw River Memorial Bridge over the Waccamaw River and after crossing the bridge enters Conway Downtown Historic District. The first major intersection within the district is U. S. Route 378. One block the road intersects SC 905 at 4th Avenue. North of there US Bus 501 passes by more historic sites in the city such as the City Post Office, the Beaty-Little House, the Burroughs School and others.
At Collins Park Road/16th Avenue, U. S. Route 701 replaces US 501 Business as the designation north along Main Street while Business US 501 turns west joining that route in a wrong way concurrency, west of Elm Street curves southwest. US Bus 501 ends at US 501, however 16th Avenue continues as a local street that terminates at US 378. U. S. Route 501 Business in Marion, South Carolina is a former segment of US 501 that runs into downtown Marion; the route begins south of Marion at a trumpet interchange, which includes the beginning of a concurrency with SC ALT 41. The next major intersection, SC 576 veers off to the northwest towards Florence. Before the road enters the city, it is named South Main Street; however the road doesn't enter the city limits until just south of the Silver Trace Apartment complex, but the surroundings remain residential, although a few commercial properties can be found as you drive further north. US Business 501 becomes a divided highway as it approaches the intersection with US 76, but only at the southern approach of the intersection.
The northwest corner contains a park with an obelisk. Between US 76 and Baptist Street, the west side of US Bus 501 includes a former segment of the road. At Godbold Street, South Main Street becomes North Main Street, which enters the Marion Historic District which includes a former railroad line that's now part of the Marion Hike and Bike Trail. Right after the historic former Marion High School, on the NRHP and still the headquarters for the county school district, SC ALT 41 makes a right turn onto Jones Avenue; the road becomes more rural once again as it leaves downtown Marion, the one last intersection with Paul Road and Meadowview Road exists before the route terminates at another trumpet interchange with US 501. Established in 1960 when mainline US 501 was bypassed around Laurinburg. US 501 Business, in concurrency with US 15 Business and US 401 Business, traverses along Jones Road, Main Street, Aberdeen Road; the entire route is in Scotland County. Established in 1960 as a renumbering of mainline US 501, along University Drive and Roxboro Street, through downtown Durham.
It is in concurrency with US 15 Business for majority of its route and is unchanged since inception. The entire route is in Durham County. U. S. Route 501 Truck is a Truck Detour around US 501 through South Boston, it begins at the intersection of US 58/360 and heads east overlapping those routes until the US 58/360 overlap ends turns onto US 360 until it reaches Hamilton Boulevard, heading northwest until reaching its parent route. U. S. Route 501 Business is a business route of US 501 in Lynchburg; the highway runs 9.41 miles from US 29, US 460, US 501 on the eastern edge of Lynchburg to US 501 on the western edge of Lynchburg. US 501 Business runs concurrently with US 460 Business on Campbell Avenue, a four-lane undivided highway, northwest from the highways' partial cloverleaf interchange with their mainline U. S. Highways and US 29; the business routes meet the northern end of SR 128 and cross over Norfolk Southern Railway's Blue Ridge District. Just north of the railroad, US 501 Business and US 460 Business veer onto Kemper Avenue, which crosses another rail line and has a cloverleaf interchange with US 29 Business.
The business routes and US 221 pass through a commercial area and by the Anne Spencer House turn west onto 12th Street and cross Norfolk Southern's Danville District rail line a few blocks south of the Lynchburg-Kemper Street Station, served by Amtrak. At Campbell Avenue, US 221 and US 460 Business continue southwest on 12th Street while US 501 Business turns northwest onto Campbell Avenue, which becomes Langhorne Road after the intersection with Park Avenue; the business route intersects SR 163 at the historic home Centerview. West of Holy Cross Regional Catholic School, US 501 Business leaves the densely populated part of Lynchburg and curves north, passing under a former railroad bridge. West of the Rivermont Historic District, the business route veers onto Rivermont Terrace turns west onto Rivermont Avenue, which becomes Boonsboro Road at its intersection with Link Road. US 501 Business continues on Boonsboro Road to its northern terminus at US 501, which heads south on the Lynchburg Expressway and north on the continuation of Boonsboro Road.
U. S. Route 501 Business is a business route of US 501 in Buena Vista; the highway runs 0.99 miles between junctions with US 501 within the city of Buena Vista. When US 501 veers from Magnolia Av
South Carolina is a state in the Southeastern United States and the easternmost of the Deep South. It is bordered to the north by North Carolina, to the southeast by the Atlantic Ocean, to the southwest by Georgia across the Savannah River. South Carolina became the eighth state to ratify the U. S. Constitution on May 23, 1788. South Carolina became the first state to vote in favor of secession from the Union on December 20, 1860. After the American Civil War, it was readmitted into the United States on June 25, 1868. South Carolina is the 40th most extensive and 23rd most populous U. S. state. Its GDP as of 2013 was $183.6 billion, with an annual growth rate of 3.13%. South Carolina is composed of 46 counties; the capital is Columbia with a 2017 population of 133,114. The Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin metropolitan area is the largest in the state, with a 2017 population estimate of 895,923. South Carolina is named in honor of King Charles I of England, who first formed the English colony, with Carolus being Latin for "Charles".
South Carolina is known for its 187 miles of coastline, beautiful lush gardens, historic sites and Southern plantations, colonial and European cultures, its growing economic development. The state can be divided into three geographic areas. From east to west: the Atlantic coastal plain, the Piedmont, the Blue Ridge Mountains. Locally, the coastal plain is referred to the other two regions as Upstate; the Atlantic Coastal Plain makes up two-thirds of the state. Its eastern border is a chain of tidal and barrier islands; the border between the low country and the up country is defined by the Atlantic Seaboard fall line, which marks the limit of navigable rivers. The state's coastline contains many salt marshes and estuaries, as well as natural ports such as Georgetown and Charleston. An unusual feature of the coastal plain is a large number of Carolina bays, the origins of which are uncertain; the bays tend to be oval. The terrain is flat and the soil is composed of recent sediments such as sand and clay.
Areas with better drainage make excellent farmland. The natural areas of the coastal plain are part of the Middle Atlantic coastal forests ecoregion. Just west of the coastal plain is the Sandhills region; the Sandhills are remnants of coastal dunes from a time when the land was sunken or the oceans were higher. The Upstate region contains the roots of an eroded mountain chain, it is hilly, with thin, stony clay soils, contains few areas suitable for farming. Much of the Piedmont was once farmed. Due to the changing economics of farming, much of the land is now reforested in Loblolly pine for the lumber industry; these forests are part of the Southeastern mixed forests ecoregion. At the southeastern edge of the Piedmont is the fall line, where rivers drop to the coastal plain; the fall line was an important early source of water power. Mills built to harness this resource encouraged the growth of several cities, including the capital, Columbia; the larger rivers are navigable up to the fall line. The northwestern part of the Piedmont is known as the Foothills.
The Cherokee Parkway is a scenic driving route through this area. This is. Highest in elevation is the Blue Ridge Region, containing an escarpment of the Blue Ridge Mountains, which continue into North Carolina and Georgia, as part of the southern Appalachian Mountains. Sassafras Mountain, South Carolina's highest point at 3,560 feet, is in this area. In this area is Caesars Head State Park; the environment here is that of the Appalachian-Blue Ridge forests ecoregion. The Chattooga River, on the border between South Carolina and Georgia, is a favorite whitewater rafting destination. South Carolina has several major lakes covering over 683 square miles. All major lakes in South Carolina are man-made; the following are the lakes listed by size. Lake Marion 110,000 acres Lake Strom Thurmond 71,100 acres Lake Moultrie 60,000 acres Lake Hartwell 56,000 acres Lake Murray 50,000 acres Russell Lake 26,650 acres Lake Keowee 18,372 acres Lake Wylie 13,400 acres Lake Wateree 13,250 acres Lake Greenwood 11,400 acres Lake Jocassee 7,500 acres Lake Bowen Earthquakes in South Carolina demonstrate the greatest frequency along the central coastline of the state, in the Charleston area.
South Carolina averages 10–15 earthquakes a year below magnitude 3. The Charleston Earthquake of 1886 was the largest quake to hit the Southeastern United States; this 7.2 magnitude earthquake destroyed much of the city. Faults in this region are difficult to study at the surface due to thick sedimentation on top of them. Many of the ancient faults are within plates rather than along plate boundaries. South Carolina has a humid subtropical climate, although high-elevation areas in the Upstate area have fewer subtropical characteristics than areas on the Atlantic coastline. In the summer, South Carolina is hot and humid, with daytime temperatures averaging between 86–93 °F in most of the state and overnight lows averaging 70–75 °F on the coast and from 66–73 °F inland. Winter temperatures are much less uniform in South Carolina. Coastal areas of the state have mild winters, with high temperatures approaching an average of 60 °F and overnight lows around 40 °F. Inland, the average January overnight low is around 32 °F i
Georgetown County, South Carolina
Georgetown County is a county located in the U. S. state of South Carolina. As of the 2010 census, the population was 60,158, its county seat is Georgetown. The county was founded in 1769, it is named for George III of the United Kingdom. Georgetown County comprises the Georgetown, SC Micropolitan Statistical Area, included in the Myrtle Beach-Conway, SC-NC Combined Statistical Area. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,035 square miles, of which 814 square miles is land and 221 square miles is water. Georgetown County has several rivers, including the Great Pee Dee River, the Waccamaw River, Black River, Sampit River, all of which flow into Winyah Bay; the Santee River, which forms the southern boundary of the county, empties directly into the Atlantic. The Intracoastal Waterway crosses Winyah Bay; the rivers and the bay have had a decisive effect on human development of the area as the city of Georgetown has an excellent seaport and harbor. Georgetown County is a diverse county with four distinct areas: 1.
The Atlantic coastline called Waccamaw Neck, including the communities of Murrells Inlet, Pawleys Island and DeBordieu, is part of "The Grand Strand", which includes Myrtle Beach to the north. The Georgetown County part of the Grand Strand used to be rural, but is exploding with development today. Condos line the shoreline at Litchfield, many of the old cottages at Pawleys are being demolished for larger houses. DeBordieu is a gated community. Empty beachfront has disappeared and wild areas are vanishing. A few wilder areas are being saved, as these provide critical habitat as part of the Atlantic Flyway for migratory birds. Huntington Beach State Park preserves some of the coastline and coastal marshes in the northern section, with nearby Brookgreen Gardens preserving a historical rice plantation and some forest. Brookgreen Gardens, with a nature center and many outdoor sculptures, is a popular tourist spot; the University of South Carolina and Clemson University maintain the Belle W. Baruch research site at Hobcaw Barony on Waccamaw Neck.
The islands around the outlet of Winyah Bay are designated as the "Tom Yawkey Wildlife Center Heritage Preserve". This area is home to the northernmost occurring hammocks of South Carolina's signature sabal palmetto tree. 2. The riverfronts have had little recent development; such properties were once used for rice plantations. After the Civil War, the loss of slave labor, the plantations ceased production. Today they are wild areas, accessible only by boat. In some areas, the earthworks, such as dikes and water gates used for rice culture, still exist, as well as a few of the plantation houses. Litchfield Plantation has been redeveloped as a country inn. Great blue herons, an occasional bald eagle can be seen along the waterways. Fishing is a popular activity. A tiny community accessible only by boat is in the Pee Dee River. Residents are descendants of slaves who worked plantations on the island, they are trying to keep out development; the Federal government began buying land along the rivers for the new Waccamaw Wildlife Refuge, intended to protect such wild areas.
The headquarters of the refuge will be at Yauhannah in the northern part of the county. 3. Georgetown is a small historic city founded in colonial times, it is a port for shrimp boats. Yachting "snowbirds" are seen at the docks in spring and fall. 4. The inland rural areas are thinly populated; some upland areas are good for forestry. Several Carolina bays are thought to be craters from a meteor shower; these areas are rich in biodiversity. Carvers Bay, the largest, was extensively damaged by use as a practice bombing range by US military forces during World War II. Draining of the bay has further damaged its environment. Horry County - northeast Marion County - north Williamsburg County - northwest Berkeley County - west Charleston County - southwest Waccamaw National Wildlife Refuge As of the census of 2000, there were 55,797 people, 21,659 households, 15,854 families residing in the county; the population density was 68 people per square mile. There were 28,282 housing units at an average density of 35 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the county was 59.69% White, 38.61% Black or African American, 0.14% Native American, 0.23% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.81% from other races, 0.49% from two or more races. 1.65% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 21,659 households out of which 30.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.10% were married couples living together, 15.10% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.80% were non-families. 23.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.20% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.01. In the county, the population was spread out with 25.20% under the age of 18, 7.70% from 18 to 24, 25.90% from 25 to 44, 26.20% from 45 to 64, 15.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.40 males. The median income for a household in the county was $35,312, the median income for a family was $41,554.
Males had a median income of $31,110 versus $20,910 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,805. About 13.40% of families and 17.10% of the popula
2010 United States Census
The 2010 United States Census is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2010; the census was taken via mail-in citizen self-reporting, with enumerators serving to spot-check randomly selected neighborhoods and communities. As part of a drive to increase the count's accuracy, 635,000 temporary enumerators were hired; the population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, a 9.7% increase from the 2000 Census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over half a million, as well as the first in which all 100 largest cities recorded populations of over 200,000; as required by the United States Constitution, the U. S. census has been conducted every 10 years since 1790. The 2000 U. S. Census was the previous census completed. Participation in the U. S. Census is required by law in Title 13 of the United States Code. On January 25, 2010, Census Bureau Director Robert Groves inaugurated the 2010 Census enumeration by counting World War II veteran Clifton Jackson, a resident of Noorvik, Alaska.
More than 120 million census forms were delivered by the U. S. Post Office beginning March 15, 2010; the number of forms mailed out or hand-delivered by the Census Bureau was 134 million on April 1, 2010. Although the questionnaire used April 1, 2010 as the reference date as to where a person was living, an insert dated March 15, 2010 included the following printed in bold type: "Please complete and mail back the enclosed census form today." The 2010 Census national mail participation rate was 74%. From April through July 2010, census takers visited households that did not return a form, an operation called "non-response follow-up". In December 2010, the U. S. Census Bureau delivered population information to the U. S. President for apportionment, in March 2011, complete redistricting data was delivered to states. Identifiable information will be available in 2082; the Census Bureau did not use a long form for the 2010 Census. In several previous censuses, one in six households received this long form, which asked for detailed social and economic information.
The 2010 Census used only a short form asking ten basic questions: How many people were living or staying in this house, apartment, or mobile home on April 1, 2010? Were there any additional people staying here on April 1, 2010 that you did not include in Question 1? Mark all that apply: Is this house, apartment, or mobile home – What is your telephone number? What is Person 1's name? What is Person 1's sex? What is Person 1's age and Person 1's date of birth? Is Person 1 of Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish origin? What is Person 1's race? Does Person 1 sometimes live or stay somewhere else? The form included space to repeat all of these questions for up to twelve residents total. In contrast to the 2000 census, an Internet response option was not offered, nor was the form available for download. Detailed socioeconomic information collected during past censuses will continue to be collected through the American Community Survey; the survey provides data about communities in the United States on a 1-year or 3-year cycle, depending on the size of the community, rather than once every 10 years.
A small percentage of the population on a rotating basis will receive the survey each year, no household will receive it more than once every five years. In June 2009, the U. S. Census Bureau announced. However, the final form did not contain a separate "same-sex married couple" option; when noting the relationship between household members, same-sex couples who are married could mark their spouses as being "Husband or wife", the same response given by opposite-sex married couples. An "unmarried partner" option was available for couples; the 2010 census cost $13 billion $42 per capita. Operational costs were $5.4 billion under the $7 billion budget. In December 2010 the Government Accountability Office noted that the cost of conducting the census has doubled each decade since 1970. In a detailed 2004 report to Congress, the GAO called on the Census Bureau to address cost and design issues, at that time, had estimated the 2010 Census cost to be $11 billion. In August 2010, Commerce Secretary Gary Locke announced that the census operational costs came in under budget.
Locke credited the management practices of Census Bureau director Robert Groves, citing in particular the decision to buy additional advertising in locations where responses lagged, which improved the overall response rate. The agency has begun to rely more on questioning neighbors or other reliable third parties when a person could not be reached at home, which reduced the cost of follow-up visits. Census data for about 22% of U. S. househol
Dillon County, South Carolina
Dillon County is a county located in the U. S. state of South Carolina. As of the 2010 census, the county's population was 32,062; the county seat is Dillon. Founded in 1910 from a portion of Marion County, both Dillon County and the city of Dillon were named for prosperous local citizen James W. Dillon, an Irishman who settled there and led a campaign to bring the railroad into the community; the result of this effort was the construction of the Wilson Short Cut Railroad, which became part of the Atlantic Coast Line Railroad, brought greater prosperity to the area by directly linking Dillon County to the national network of railroads. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 407 square miles, of which 405 square miles is land and 1.7 square miles is water. It is the fifth-smallest county in South Carolina by area. Robeson County, North Carolina - north Columbus County, North Carolina - north Horry County - east Marion County - south Florence County - southwest Marlboro County - west As of the census of 2000, there were 30,722 people, 11,199 households, 8,063 families residing in the county.
The population density was 76 people per square mile. There were 12,679 housing units at an average density of 31 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 47% White, 49% Black or African American, 2.21% Native American, 0.34% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.99% from other races, 0.70% from two or more races. 1.75% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 11,199 households out of which 34.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.80% were married couples living together, 22.30% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.00% were non-families. 25.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.90% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.71 and the average family size was 3.24. In the county, the population was spread out with 29.10% under the age of 18, 9.50% from 18 to 24, 27.50% from 25 to 44, 22.40% from 45 to 64, 11.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years.
For every 100 females there were 87.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.60 males. The median income for a household in the county was $26,630, the median income for a family was $32,690. Males had a median income of $26,908 versus $18,007 for females; the per capita income for the county was $13,272. About 19.40% of families and 24.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 33.30% of those under age 18 and 26.60% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 32,062 people, 11,923 households, 8,342 families residing in the county; the population density was 79.2 inhabitants per square mile. There were 13,742 housing units at an average density of 33.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 48.0% white, 46.1% black or African American, 2.5% American Indian, 0.2% Asian, 1.5% from other races, 1.6% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.6% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 13.5% were American, 6.5% were English, 5.4% were Irish.
Of the 11,923 households, 36.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.2% were married couples living together, 23.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.0% were non-families, 26.5% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.20. The median age was 36.7 years. The median income for a household in the county was $26,818 and the median income for a family was $34,693. Males had a median income of $31,973 versus $22,100 for females; the per capita income for the county was $14,684. About 26.2% of families and 30.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 43.8% of those under age 18 and 23.7% of those age 65 or over. Dillon Lake View Latta South of the Border Little Pee Dee State Park National Register of Historic Places listings in Dillon County, South Carolina Alfred W. Bethea Dillon County Official Website 1905 Reprint of Bishop Gregg's History of the Old Cheraws with additional material as an appendix.
Dillon County History and Images