Harold Fowler McCormick
Harold Fowler McCormick was an American businessman. He was chairman of the board of International Harvester Company and a member of the McCormick family. In 1948 he was awarded the Henry Laurence Gantt Medal by the American Management Association and the ASME. Harold Fowler McCormick was born in Chicago May 2, 1872, to inventor Cyrus Hall McCormick and philanthropist Nancy Fowler. During the 1890s he competed in the US National Tennis Championships. In 1895 he married Edith Rockefeller, the youngest daughter of Standard Oil co-founder John D. Rockefeller and schoolteacher Laura Celestia "Cettie" Spelman. McCormick became the third inaugural trustee of the Rockefeller Foundation, he was a trustee of the Rockefeller-created University of Chicago. He and Edith had five children before divorcing in December 1921: John Rockefeller McCormick, died young from scarlet fever Editha McCormick Harold Fowler McCormick Jr. who married Anna Urquhart Brown Potter. She was married to James Alexander Stillman and was the daughter of James Brown Potter and Mary Cora Urquhart.
Muriel McCormick Mathilde McCormick As an officer of the Aero Club of Illinois, founded February 10, 1910, McCormick became the third president in 1912, following Octave Chanute and James E. Plew. In 1914, McCormick and Bion J. Arnold attempted to form a commuter airline which they announced would begin service in May, "using seaplanes to ferry passengers between various North Shore suburbs and Grant Park and the South Shore Country Club, of which he was a founder. Lake Shore Airline, which had two seaplanes, was intended to be a profit-making venture charging a steep twenty-eight-dollar round-trip fare between Lake Forest and downtown Chicago on four daily scheduled circuits. However, Chicago's irregular weather the crosswinds, made a shamble of schedules, the airline disappeared before the end of the year."McCormick married Polish opera singer Ganna Walska in 1922. They divorced in 1931. During the transition period between these two women, McCormick sought to fortify himself by undergoing an operation by Serge Voronoff, a surgeon who specialized in transplanting animal glands into aging men with impotency.
He resided at 1000 Lake Shore Drive in Chicago. McCormick became chairman of the board of International Harvester Company in 1935, replacing his older brother Cyrus Jr.. McCormick died on October 16, 1941, of a cerebral hemorrhage, at his home in Beverly Hills, California. Orson Welles claimed that McCormick's lavish promotion of Walska's opera career—despite her renown as a terrible singer—was a direct influence on the screenplay for Citizen Kane, wherein the titular character does much the same for his second wife. Samuel Insull, president of a utilities holding empire that included Commonwealth Edison, was another influence, along with William Randolph Hearst. Rockefeller family Currey, Josiah Seymour. "Harold Fowler McCormick". Chicago: Its History and its Builders. 4. Jazzybee Verlag. ISBN 9783849648978. Retrieved February 8, 2018. Adams, Brian. Ganna: Diva of Lotusland. CreateSpace. ISBN 978-1-5141-6957-5. Chernow, Ron. Titan: The Life of John D. Rockefeller Sr. New York: Warner Books. Issue v.22, no.1, January 1942.
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Frederick H. Billings
Frederick H. Billings was financier. From 1879 to 1881 he was President of the Northern Pacific Railway, he was born in Windsor County, Vermont. He attended Kimball Union Academy and graduated from the University of Vermont in 1844. A Whig and a Republican, from 1846 to 1848 he served as Secretary of Civil and Military Affairs to Governor Horace Eaton, he studied law with Oliver P. Chandler and attained admission to the bar in 1848. In 1848, during the California Gold Rush, he moved to San Francisco, becoming the city's first land claims lawyer, he partnered with Henry Halleck, Trenor W. Park and others in the law firm of Halleck, Peachy & Billings, which became a leading law firm in San Francisco. While in California, he was a trustee of the College of California and suggested that the college be named for George Berkeley. In 1864, he returned to Woodstock, in 1869 purchased George Perkins Marsh's former estate. Billings had read Marsh's pioneering volume on ecology called Man and Nature, set about to put into practice his theories on conservation.
Billings and his heirs set about purchasing many failing farms and reforesting much of the surrounding hillsides with Norway Spruce, Scots Pine, European Larch, many native species. Today, the Marsh-Billings-Rockefeller National Historical Park in Woodstock manages and interprets what is the oldest managed forest in the United States; the Billings Farm & Museum is museum, located just across the street. It is the gateway to learning about Vermont's agricultural history. In 1872 Billings was a candidate for the Republican nomination for Governor of Vermont; the Republican nomination was tantamount to election, Billings, Chairman of the convention, had a large group of delegates pledged to him. However, a large number opposed Billings on the grounds that he had been away from Vermont for so long. In addition, delegates opposed the renomination of Governor John W. Stewart, arguing that it would violate the party's "Mountain Rule." The nomination went to Julius Converse though he was not an active candidate.
Billings purchased one of the original twelfth interests in the Northern Pacific Railway and, from 1879 to 1881, served as its president. In 1880 he was a delegate to the Republican National Convention, made the nominating speech for George F. Edmunds. Billings died in Woodstock on September 30, 1890, he is buried at River Street Cemetery in Woodstock. Billings was married to daughter of Dr. Eleazer Parmly. Together, they were the parents of seven children: Parmly Billings Laura Billings Frederick Billings Mary Montagu Billings Elizabeth Billings Ehrick Billings Richard Billings He was the grandfather of Mary French Rockefeller, wife of Laurance Rockefeller, he was the uncle of Governor Franklin S. Billings and great-uncle of Judge Franklin S. Billings, Jr, he constructed a chapel for the Congregational Church of Woodstock. Although he never owned a home in Billings, Montana, a railroad town established in 1882 and named after him, he provided the money to build the First Congregational Church.
His son and daughter provided the financial support to build the Parmly Billings Memorial Library in Billings, Montana. Frederick Billings endowed Billings Library, completed in 1885 for the University of Vermont, purchased the George Perkins Marsh collection of 12,000 volumes for it. Billings, Montana Billings, Missouri Marsh-Billings-Rockefeller National Historical Park Billings Library, University of Vermont, Vermont Billings Farm & Museum, Vermont Camp Billings, Vermont Billings County, North Dakota In World War II, the United States liberty ship SS Frederick Billings was named in his honor. Notes SourcesYellowstone Genealogy Forum: Frederick Billings Biography UVM Gift Societies and Clubs: Frederick Billings Society Marsh-Billings-Rockefeller National Historic Park Biographical Sketch Billings Farm and Museum of Woodstock, Vermont Descendants of Thomas Hastings website Descendants of Thomas Hastings on Facebook
Franklin "Frank" Rockefeller was an American businessman and member of the prominent Rockefeller family. He and his younger twin sister Frances, who died young, were born on August 8, 1845 in Moravia, New York, they were the youngest children of Eliza Davison. His two older brothers were Standard Oil co-founders John Davison Rockefeller and William Avery Rockefeller Jr.. Rockefeller's early years were spent in New York. With his father, he removed to Cleveland, which would be the home base of his business endeavors. In September 1861, while still underage, he joined the 7th Ohio Infantry and participated as an infantryman in the battles of Winchester, Port Republic, Cedar Mountain, Gettysburg, Lookout Mountain, other battles including Sherman's march to Atlanta, he was wounded in the head by grape shot at Chancellorsville. He held various jobs in Cleveland becoming involved in his brothers' Standard Oil Co. Frank became one of the principal promoters of the company, served as its Vice President.
However, Rockefeller fell out with his brothers and left Standard Oil in 1898. The rift was caused by John D. not taking consideration of Frank's other interests in the Pioneer Oil Company, quarrels with Frank's partner, James Corrigan, with whom he owned the Franklin Mine near Lake Superior. He moved with his family to a large ranch in Kansas, but he returned to Ohio; the 8,000-acre ranch stood on a large tract of cheap land in Belvidere, west of Wichita. The property was remote from railroads, his cattle could graze on vast, unfenced plains; the Atchison and Santa Fe Railroad brought in fresh settlers shrinking the free range for cattlemen. This ruined the ranch for breeding beef, Frank tried futilely to sell the depreciated property. Frank formed a business relationship with Feargus B. Squire and Herman Frasch, acquiring a three-tenths interest in the Frasch Process. All three entered into a 50-50 agreement with the American Sulphur Company to form the Union Sulphur Company. Frank was not as suited to business as his brothers.
He invested around $500,000 in mining ventures, which proved unsound, invested $250,000 in unfruitful commercial paper. Frank found stability when he invested in the Buckeye Steel Castings Company of Columbus in 1892, he became President of the company in 1905, served in that capacity until 1908, when the Presidency was assumed by Samuel Prescott Bush. Frank Rockefeller continued as Vice President of the company. Frank Rockefeller refused to speak to his brothers John and William Jr. until his death, despite William attempting reconciliation in the summer of 1916. Frank said that year "There's not the slightest possibility of a reconciliation." Frank died the following year. His funeral was held on April 1917 at the home of Mrs. Walter S. Bowler; the funeral was attended by his brothers and William, the former being described in the press as "looking tired and careworn." Chernow, Ron. Titan: The Life of John D. Rockefeller Sr. London: Warner Books, 1998
John D. Rockefeller Jr.
John Davison Rockefeller Jr. was an American financier and philanthropist, a prominent member of the Rockefeller family. He was the only son among the five children of Standard Oil co-founder John D. Rockefeller and the father of the five famous Rockefeller brothers. In biographies, he is referred to as "Junior" to distinguish him from his father, "Senior", his sons included the 41st Vice President of The United States. Rockefeller was the fifth and last child of Standard Oil co-founder John Davison Rockefeller Sr. and schoolteacher Laura Celestia "Cettie" Spelman. His four older sisters were Elizabeth, Alice and Edith. Living in his father's mansion at 4 West 54th Street, he attended Park Avenue Baptist Church at 64th Street and the Browning School, a tutorial establishment set up for him and other children of associates of the family, his father John Sr. and uncle William Avery Rockefeller Jr. co-founded Standard Oil together. He had intended to go to Yale University but was encouraged by William Rainey Harper, president of the University of Chicago, among others, to enter the Baptist-oriented Brown University instead.
Nicknamed "Johnny Rock" by his roommates, he joined both the Glee and the Mandolin clubs, taught a Bible class, was elected junior class president. Scrupulously careful with money, he stood out as different from other rich men's sons. In 1897, he graduated with the degree of Bachelor of Arts, after taking nearly a dozen courses in the social sciences, including a study of Karl Marx's Das Kapital, he was elected to Phi Beta Kappa. After graduation from Brown, Rockefeller joined his father's business in October 1897, setting up operations in the newly formed family office at 26 Broadway where he became a director of Standard Oil, he also became a director at J. P. Morgan's U. S. Steel company, formed in 1901. Junior resigned from both companies in 1910 in an attempt to "purify" his ongoing philanthropy from commercial and financial interests after the Hearst media empire unearthed a bribery scandal involving John Dustin Archbold and two prominent members of Congress. In April 1914, after a long period of industrial unrest, the Ludlow Massacre occurred at a tent camp occupied by striking miners from the Colorado Fuel and Iron company.
Junior sat on the board as an absentee director. At least 20 men and children died in the slaughter; this was followed by nine days of violence between the Colorado State Militia. Although he did not order the attack that began this unrest, there are accounts to suggest Junior was to blame for the violence, with the awful working conditions, death ratio, no paid dead work which included securing unstable ceilings, workers were forced into working in unsafe conditions just to make ends meet. In January 1915, Junior was called to testify before the Commission on Industrial Relations. Many critics blamed Rockefeller for ordering the massacre. Margaret Sanger wrote an attack piece in her magazine The Woman Rebel, declaring, "But remember Ludlow! Remember the men and women and children who were sacrificed in order that John D. Rockefeller Jr. might continue his noble career of charity and philanthropy as a supporter of the Christian faith." He was at the time being advised by William Lyon Mackenzie King and the pioneer public relations expert, Ivy Lee.
Lee warned that the Rockefellers were losing public support and developed a strategy that Junior followed to repair it. It was necessary for Junior to overcome his shyness, go to Colorado to meet with the miners and their families, inspect the conditions of the homes and the factories, attend social events, to listen to the grievances; this was novel advice, attracted widespread media attention, which opened the way to resolve the conflict, present a more humanized version of the Rockefellers. Mackenzie King said Rockefeller's testimony was the turning point in Junior's life, restoring the reputation of the family name, he was influential in attracting leading blue-chip corporations as tenants in the complex, including GE and its affiliates RCA, NBC and RKO, as well as Standard Oil of New Jersey, Associated Press, Time Inc, branches of Chase National Bank. The family office, of which he was in charge, shifted from 26 Broadway to the 56th floor of the landmark 30 Rockefeller Plaza upon its completion in 1933.
The office formally became "Rockefeller Family and Associates". In 1921, Junior received about 10% of the shares of the Equitable Trust Company from his father, making him the bank's largest shareholder. Subsequently, in 1930, Equitable merged with Chase National Bank, making Chase the largest bank in the world at the time. Although his stockholding was reduced to about 4% following this merger, he was still the largest shareholder in what became known as "the Rockefeller bank." As late as the 1960s, the family still retained about 1% of the bank's shares, by which time his son David had become the bank's president. In the late 1920s, Rockefeller
Michael Clark Rockefeller was the fifth child of New York Governor and future U. S. Vice President Nelson Rockefeller, a fourth-generation member of the Rockefeller family, he disappeared during an expedition in the Asmat region of southwestern Netherlands New Guinea, now a part of Indonesian province of Papua. In 2014, Carl Hoffman published a book that went into detail about the inquest into his killing, in which villagers and tribal elders admit to Rockefeller being killed after he swam to shore in 1961. Despite these claims, no remains or other proof of his death have been discovered. Rockefeller was the last child of Mary Todhunter Rockefeller and Nelson Rockefeller, he was the third son of seven children fathered by Nelson Rockefeller, he had a twin sister, Mary. After attending The Buckley School in New York, graduating from the Phillips Exeter Academy in New Hampshire, where he was a student senator and exceptional varsity wrestler, Rockefeller graduated cum laude from Harvard University with a B.
A. in history and economics. In 1960, he served for six months as a private in the U. S. Army and went on an expedition for Harvard's Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology to study the Dani tribe of western Netherlands New Guinea; the expedition filmed Dead Birds, an ethnographic documentary film produced by Robert Gardner, for which Rockefeller was the sound recordist. Rockefeller and a friend left the expedition to study the Asmat tribe of southern Netherlands New Guinea. After returning home from the Peabody expedition, Rockefeller returned to New Guinea to study the Asmat and collect Asmat art. "It's the desire to do something adventurous," he explained, "at a time when frontiers, in the real sense of the word, are disappearing." He spent his time in Netherlands New Guinea engaged with the culture and the art while capturing ethnographic data. In one of his letters home he wrote: I am having a exhausting but most exciting time here... The Asmat is like a huge puzzle with the variations in art style forming the pieces.
My trips are enabling me to comprehend the nature of this puzzle... On November 17, 1961, Rockefeller and Dutch anthropologist René Wassing were in a 40-foot dugout canoe about 3 miles from shore when their double pontoon boat was swamped and overturned, their two local guides swam for help. After drifting for some time, early on November 19 Rockefeller said to Wassing "I think I can make it" and swam for shore; the boat was an estimated 12 mi from the shore when he made the attempt to swim to safety, supporting the theory that he died from exposure, and/or drowning. Wassing was rescued the next day, while Rockefeller was never seen again, despite an intensive and lengthy search effort. At the time, Rockefeller's disappearance was a major world news item, his body was never found. He was declared dead in 1964, it is believed that Rockefeller either was attacked by a shark or saltwater crocodile. As headhunting and cannibalism were still present in some areas of Asmat in 1961, it has been speculated that Rockefeller may have been killed and eaten by Asmat tribespeople.
In 1969, the journalist Milt Machlin traveled to the island to investigate Rockefeller's disappearance. He dismissed reports of Rockefeller living as a captive or as a Kurtz-like figure in the jungle, but concluded that circumstantial evidence supported the idea that he had been killed. Several leaders of Otsjanep village, where Rockefeller would have arrived had he made it to shore, had been killed by a Dutch patrol in 1958, thus providing some rationale for revenge by the tribe against someone from the "white tribe". Neither cannibalism nor headhunting in Asmat were indiscriminate, but rather were part of a tit-for-tat revenge cycle, so it is possible that Rockefeller found himself the inadvertent victim of such a cycle started by the Dutch patrol; the incident is described in "Dance of the Warriors", the second volume of the documentary series Ring of Fire by the Blair brothers. A book titled Rocky Goes West by author Paul Toohey claims that, in 1979, Rockefeller's mother hired a private investigator to go to New Guinea and try to resolve the mystery of his disappearance.
The reliability of the story has been questioned, but Toohey claims that the private investigator swapped a boat engine for the skulls of the three men that a tribe claimed were the only white men they had killed. The investigator returned to New York and handed these skulls to the family, convinced that one of them was the skull of Rockefeller. If this event did occur, the family has never commented on it. However, the History Channel program Vanishings reported that Rockefeller's mother did pay a $250,000 reward to the investigator, offered for final proof whether or not Michael Rockefeller was alive or dead. In the documentary film Keep the River on Your Right, Tobias Schneebaum states that he spoke with Asmat cannibals who described finding Rockefeller on the riverside and eating him. In 2014, Carl Hoffman published the book Savage Harvest: A Tale of Cannibals and Michael Rockefeller's Tragic Quest for Primitive Art where he discusses researching Rockefeller's mysterious disappearance and presumed death.
During multiple visits to the villages in the area, he heard several stories about men from Otsjanep killing Rockefeller after he swam to shore. The stories, which were similar to testimonials collected in the 1960s, center around a handful of men arguing and deciding to kill Michael after he swam to shore, in revenge for a 1958 incident in which men from the village were killed in a confron
James Stillman Rockefeller
James Stillman Rockefeller was a member of the prominent U. S. Rockefeller family, he won an Olympic rowing title for the United States became president of what became Citigroup. He was a trustee of the American Museum of Natural History and a member of the board of overseers of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, he was born on June 8, 1902, to William Goodsell Rockefeller and Elsie Stillman, daughter of James Stillman, in the Manhattan borough of New York City. He graduated from Yale University in 1924, where he was elected to Scroll and Key and Phi Beta Kappa, he was a member of Delta Kappa Epsilon. That same year Rockefeller captained a crew of Yale teammates, they won a gold medal in rowing at the 1924 Summer Olympics in France. Rockefeller appeared on the cover of Time magazine on July 7, 1924. Rockefeller returned from the Olympics and spent the next six years with the Wall Street banking firm of Brown Bros. & Co.. He joined the National City Bank in New York in 1930 and was president from 1952 to 1959 and chairman from 1959 to 1967.
He retired as chairman in 1967. During his tenure, the bank merged with the smaller First National Bank and took the name The First National City Bank of New York. Under each of his successors, the bank's name has changed: George S. Moore shortened it to "First National City Bank" and formed a holding company, First National City Corp. Under Walter B. Wriston these became "Citibank" and "Citicorp" respectively. Under John Reed the firm merged with Travelers Group to become Citigroup. During World War II, Rockefeller served in the Airborne Command. On April 15, 1925, he married grandniece of Andrew Carnegie. Nancy helped establish the Greenwich Maternal Health Center in 1935. Together, they had four children: James Stillman Rockefeller Jr., married to Liv Coucheron Torp, married to Thor Heyerdahl Nancy Sherlock Rockefeller, who married Barclay McFadden, Jr. After his death, she married Daniel Noyes Copp Andrew Carnegie Rockefeller, who married Jean Victoria Mackay Georgia Stillman Rockefeller, who married James Harden RoseRockefeller died on August 10, 2004, at the age of 102 in Greenwich, following a stroke.
He lived in Greenwich, Connecticut in a 19,000-square-foot brick Georgian mansion, built in 1929, with 11 bedrooms and 16 marble bathrooms on four levels. There are an elevator, an outdoor pool and English gardens, his house was resold again in 2009 for $23.9 million. In January 1937, he became the full owner of Long Valley Farm near Spring Lake in Cumberland County and Harnett County, North Carolina. At the time of his death, Rockefeller had four children, fourteen grandchildren, thirty-seven great-grandchildren, one great-great granddaughter. Rockefeller was America's oldest living Olympic champion, the earliest living cover subject of Time magazine. Time Magazine Cover July 7, 1924 Yale Olympic Rower Passes Away at 102
Winthrop Rockefeller was an American politician and philanthropist, who served as the first Republican governor of Arkansas since Reconstruction. He was a third-generation member of the Rockefeller family. Winthrop Rockefeller was born in New York, to philanthropists John Davison Rockefeller Jr. and Abigail Greene "Abby" Aldrich. He had one elder sister named Abby, three elder brothers John III, Laurance, a younger brother named David. Nelson served as Vice President of the United States under Gerald Ford. Winthrop attended Yale University but was ejected as a result of misbehavior before earning his degree. Prior to attending Yale, he graduated from the Loomis Chaffee School in Connecticut. In early 1941, he enlisted in the Army; as a soldier of the 77th Infantry Division, he fought in World War II, advancing from Private to Lieutenant Colonel. He earned a Bronze Star with Oak Leaf Clusters and a Purple Heart for his actions aboard the troopship USS Henrico, after a kamikaze attack during the invasion of Okinawa.
His image appears in the Infantry Officer Hall of Fame at Georgia. On February 14, 1948, Winthrop married actress Jievute "Bobo" Paulekiute, she was married to Boston Brahmin socialite John Sears Jr. The wedding took place in Florida, at the reception, a choir sang Negro spirituals. On September 17, 1948, she gave birth to Winthrop Paul "Win" Rockefeller; the couple separated in 1950 and divorced in 1954. Bobo got custody of Win. On June 11, 1956, Rockefeller wed the Seattle-born socialite Jeanette Edris, she had two children and Ann Bartley, from a previous marriage. Winthrop and Jeanette had no children together and divorced shortly after he left the governorship in 1971; as the state's First Lady, Jeanette Rockefeller took a special interest in mental health issues. Rockefeller moved to central Arkansas in 1953 and established Winrock Enterprises and Winrock Farms atop Petit Jean Mountain near Morrilton in Conway County. In 1954, Republican Pratt C. Remmel polled 37 percent of the vote in the gubernatorial general election against Democrat Orval Faubus.
It was a good showing for a Republican candidate in Arkansas, compared to previous races in the 1940s and early 1950s. Twelve years Rockefeller would build upon Remmel's race and win the governorship for the Republican Party. In 1955, Faubus appointed Rockefeller chairman of the Arkansas Industrial Development Commission. Rockefeller initiated a number of projects, he financed the building of a model school at Morrilton and led efforts to establish a Fine Arts Center in the capital city of Little Rock. He financed the construction of medical clinics in some of the state's poorest counties, in addition to making annual gifts to the state's colleges and universities; these philanthropic activities continue to this day through the Winthrop Rockefeller Foundation. In 1960, Rockefeller did not seek the governorship but instead raised funds for the Republican nominee, Henry M. Britt, a conservative lawyer from Hot Springs, the seat of Garland County. Britt lost in every county and polled 30 percent of the statewide vote in his loss to Faubus.
In 1961, Rockefeller was named Arkansas Republican national committeeman, having succeeded Wallace Townsend, a lawyer in Little Rock who had held the position since 1928. In 1962, Rockefeller supported Willis Ricketts, another in a long line of failed Republican candidates who sought to topple Faubus, he supported a slate of Republican legislative candidates. Soon, he quarreled with state Republican party chairman William L. Spicer of Fort Smith over the direction of the party. Spicer favored a stronger conservative approach compared to Rockefeller's moderate-to-liberal outlook. Rockefeller resigned his position with the AIDC and conducted his first campaign for governor in 1964 against Faubus, his campaign was unsuccessful, but Rockefeller energized and reformed the tiny Republican Party to set the stage for the future. In 1964, Osro Cobb, a Republican former state chairman who had served as United States Attorney for the Eastern District of Arkansas, refused to endorse Rockefeller but Faubus, who subseqauently gave Cobb a temporary appointment to the Arkansas Supreme Court.
In his memoirs, Cobb recalls that Rockefeller had used ruthless tactics to convert the fine Republican state organization into a one-man Rockefeller machine, loyal not to party but to Rockefeller personally. In rapid succession, Mr. Rockefeller captiously took over most of the functions of the state chairman and in a matter of months succeeded in taking over and exercising absolute right of dictation as to each and every important party function at the state level; such one-man dictatorship is the deadly enemy of any semblance of two-party government.... Faithful Republican leaders who have worked tirelessly over the years have been pushed aside or replaced.... A stranger passing through Arkansas at this time and seeing Mr. Rockefeller's advertising on billboards would not know whether Mr. Rockefeller belonged to any political party; the fact that he is the Republican nominee has not been included. The evidence is unanswerable that Mr. Rockefeller is working for his own personal interest to the exclusion of all other considerations, which leaves the Republican Party in Arkansas hanging precariously at the whims of one individual....
When Rockefeller made his second run in the 1966 election, only 11 percent of Arkansans considered themselves Republicans. But Arkansans had tired of Faubus after six terms as governor and as head of the Democratic "machine". Democrats themselves seemed to be more interested in the refor